Form 10-12G

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 12, 2020.

File No. 000-56114

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10

 

 

GENERAL FORM FOR REGISTRATION OF SECURITIES

Pursuant to Section 12(b) or (g)

of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

UPJOHN INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   83-4364296

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. employer

identification number)

235 East 42nd Street

New York, NY 10017

  10017
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip code)

(212) 733-2323

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

Securities to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Title of Each Class to be Registered

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer      Smaller reporting company  
     Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

 

 

 


INFORMATION REQUIRED IN REGISTRATION STATEMENT

CROSS-REFERENCE SHEET BETWEEN INFORMATION STATEMENT AND ITEMS OF FORM 10

This Registration Statement on Form 10 (the “Form 10”) incorporates by reference information contained in (a) the information statement of Upjohn Inc. filed herewith as Exhibit 99.1, referred to herein as the information statement, (b) the Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A of Pfizer Inc. to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.2, referred to herein as the Original Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Statement, (c) the Supplement to the Original Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Statement filed on April 7, 2020 to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.3, referred to herein as the Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Supplement, and the Original Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Statement as supplemented by the Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Supplement is referred to herein as the Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Statement, (d) the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Mylan N.V. to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.4, referred to herein as the Original Form 10-K, (e) the Amendment No. 1 to the Original Form 10-K of Mylan N.V. to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.5, referred to herein as the Form 10-K/A, and the Original Form 10-K as amended by the Form 10-K/A is referred to herein as the Form 10-K, (f) the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Mylan N.V. to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.6, referred to herein as the Form 10-Q and (g) the Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A of Mylan N.V. to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.7, referred to herein as the Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement. None of the information contained in the information statement, Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Statement, Form 10-K, Form 10-Q or Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement is incorporated by reference herein or shall be deemed to be a part hereof except to the extent such information is specifically incorporated by reference.

 

Item 1.

Business.

The information required by this item is contained under the sections “Summary—The Companies,” “Risk Factors,” “Information about the Upjohn Business” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Upjohn Business” of the information statement and Part I–Item 1 of the Form 10-K. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Risk Factors” of the information statement, Part I–Item 1A of the Form 10-K and Part II–Item 1A of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 2.

Financial Information.

The information required by this item is contained under the sections “Summary Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Selected Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Summary Historical Condensed Consolidated Financial Information of Mylan,” “Summary Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Upjohn Business,” “Selected Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business” and “Description of Financing” of the information statement, Part II–Item 7 and Part II–Item 7A of the Form 10-K and Part I–Item 2 of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 3.

Properties.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Information about the Upjohn Business” of the information statement and Part I–Item 1 and Part I–Item 2 of the Form 10-K. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

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Item 4.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management.

Not applicable.

 

Item 5.

Directors and Executive Officers.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “The Transactions—Board of Directors and Executive Officers of Newco Following the Combination; Operations Following the Combination” of the information statement, Part III–Item 10 of the Form 10-K/A and the sections “Executive Officers,” “Board of Directors—Mylan’s Directors” and “Board of Directors—Board Governance” of the Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 6.

Executive Compensation.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “The Transactions—Director and Executive Compensation” of the information statement, the section “Executive Compensation” in the Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Statement, Part III–Item 11 of the Form 10-K/A and the sections “Executive Compensation” and “Non-Employee Director Compensation for 2019” of the Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 7.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions” of the information statement, Part III–Item 13 of the Form 10-K/A and the section “Board of Directors—Certain Relationships and Related Transactions” of the Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 8.

Legal Proceedings.

The information required by this item is contained under the sections “Risk Factors” and “Information about the Upjohn Business—Legal Proceedings” of the information statement, Part I–Item 3 of the Form 10-K and Part II–Item 1 of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 9.

Market Price of, and Dividends on, the Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters.

The information required by this item is contained under the sections “Risk Factors,” “Summary Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Selected Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Summary Historical Condensed Consolidated Financial Information of Mylan,” “Summary Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information” and “Historical Market Price and Dividend Information of Mylan Ordinary Shares” of the information statement and Part II–Item 5 of the Form 10-K. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 10.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities.

On February 14, 2019, Upjohn Inc. (“Upjohn”) issued 100 shares of its common stock to Pfizer Inc. pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Upjohn did not register the issuance of the issued shares under the Securities Act because such issuance did not constitute a public offering.

 

Item 11.

Description of Registrant’s Securities to be Registered.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Description of Newco Capital Stock” of the information statement. That section is incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 12.

Indemnification of Directors and Officers.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Description of Newco Capital Stock—Limitations on Liability and Indemnification of Officers and Directors after the Combination” of the information statement. That section is incorporated herein by reference.

 

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Item 13.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

The information required by this item is contained under the heading “Index—Financial Statements” (and the statements referenced thereon) beginning on page F–1 of the information statement, Part II–Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Part I–Item 1 of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 14.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

None.

 

Item 15.

Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(a) Financial Statements and Schedule

The information required by this item is contained under the heading “Index—Financial Statements” (and the statements referenced thereon) beginning on page F–1 of the information statement, Part II–Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Part I–Item 1 of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

(b) Exhibits

The following documents are filed herewith unless otherwise indicated:

 

Exhibit
Number

  

Description

  2.1    Business Combination Agreement, dated as of July  29, 2019, by and among Pfizer Inc., Upjohn Inc., Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., Mylan N.V., Mylan I B.V. and Mylan II B.V. (included as Annex A to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
  2.2    Amendment No. 1 to the Business Combination Agreement, dated as of May 29, 2020, by and among Pfizer Inc., Upjohn Inc., Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., Mylan N.V., Mylan I B.V. and Mylan II B.V. (included as Annex B to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
  2.3    Separation and Distribution Agreement, dated as of July  29, 2019, by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc. (included as Annex C to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
  2.4    Amendment No. 1 to the Separation and Distribution Agreement, dated as of February 18, 2020, by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc. (included as Annex D to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
  2.5    Amendment No. 2 to the Separation and Distribution Agreement, dated as of May 29, 2020, by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc. (included as Annex E to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
  2.6    Form of Transition Services Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.7    Form of Tax Matters Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.8    Form of Employee Matters Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.9    Form of Manufacturing and Supply Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.10    Form of Intellectual Property Matters Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.11    Form of Trademark License Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  3.1    Form of Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Upjohn Inc. (included as Annex F to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).

 

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Exhibit
Number

  

Description

  3.2    Form of Amended and Restated Bylaws of Upjohn Inc. (included as Annex G to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
10.1    Form of Viatris Inc. 2020 Stock Incentive Plan.
21.1    Subsidiaries of Upjohn Inc.
99.1    Information Statement of Upjohn Inc., preliminary and subject to completion, dated June 12, 2020.
99.2    Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule  14A of Pfizer Inc. for the 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders. (Incorporated by reference to Schedule 14A of Pfizer Inc., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 13, 2020).
99.3    Supplement to the Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A of Pfizer for the 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders. (Incorporated by reference to the Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Supplement on Schedule 14A of Pfizer Inc., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 7, 2020).
99.4    Annual Report on Form 10-K of Mylan N.V. for the fiscal year ended December  31, 2019, not including exhibits thereto. (Incorporated by reference to Annual Report on Form 10-K of Mylan N.V., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 28, 2020).
99.5    Amendment No.  1 to Annual Report on Form 10-K of Mylan N.V. for the fiscal year ended December  31, 2019, not including exhibits thereto (incorporated by reference to Annual Report on Form 10-K/A of Mylan N.V., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 29, 2020).
99.6    Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Mylan N.V. for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020, not including exhibits thereto (incorporated by reference to Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Mylan N.V., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 11, 2020).
99.7    Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A of Mylan N.V. for the 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders. (Incorporated by reference to Schedule 14A of Mylan N.V., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 8, 2020).

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

UPJOHN INC.
By:  

/s/ Michael Goettler

 

Name:  Michael Goettler

Title:    President

Date: June 12, 2020

EX-2.6

Exhibit 2.6

FINAL VERSION

 

 

 

FORM OF

TRANSITION SERVICES AGREEMENT

by and between

PFIZER INC.

and

UPJOHN INC.

Dated as of []

 

 

 

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

         Page  
Article I

 

DEFINITIONS

 

Section 1.1

  Certain Definitions      1  
Article II

 

SERVICES; STANDARD OF PERFORMANCE

 

Section 2.1

  Services      4  

Section 2.2

  Standard of Performance      5  

Section 2.3

  Service Changes      6  

Section 2.4

  Omitted Services      8  

Section 2.5

  Service Extensions      8  

Section 2.6

  Third Party Terms and Conditions; Consents      8  

Section 2.7

  Transition Representatives      9  

Section 2.8

  Transitional Nature of Services; Transition Plan and Assistance      9  

Section 2.9

  Independent Contractor      10  

Section 2.10

  Access and Cooperation; Reliance      10  

Section 2.11

  Compliance      11  

Section 2.12

  Condition to Performance      12  

Section 2.13

  Internal Audits and Testing of Pluto Managed Controls and Processes      12  

Article III

 

COMPENSATION

 

 

Section 3.1

  Compensation      13  

Section 3.2

  Taxes      14  

Section 3.3

  Payment Terms      16  

Section 3.4

  Interest      16  

Article IV

 

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

 

 

Section 4.1

  Ownership of Intellectual Property      17  

Section 4.2

  License Grants      18  

 

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Article V

 

INDEMNIFICATION AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY

Section 5.1

 

Indemnification

   19

Section 5.2

 

Indemnification Procedures

   19

Section 5.3

 

Sole Remedy/Waiver

   19

Section 5.4

 

Mitigation; Limitation on Liability

   20

Article VI

 

CONFIDENTIALITY

Section 6.1

 

Confidentiality

   21

Article VII

 

TERM; TERMINATION

Section 7.1

 

Term

   21

Section 7.2

 

Termination

   22

Section 7.3

 

Effect of Termination

   22
Article VIII
DISPUTE RESOLUTION

Section 8.1

 

Dispute Resolution

   22

Article IX

 

MISCELLANEOUS

Section 9.1

 

Notices

   23

Section 9.2

 

Amendments and Waivers

   23

Section 9.3

 

Governing Law Jurisdiction; WAIVER OF JURY TRIAL

   24

Section 9.4

 

Assignment; Parties in Interest

   25

Section 9.5

 

Captions; Counterparts

   25

Section 9.6

 

Entire Agreement; Conflicting Agreements

   25

Section 9.7

 

Severability

   26

Section 9.8

 

Specific Performance

   26

Section 9.9

 

No Set-Off

   26

Section 9.10

 

Waivers of Default

   26

Section 9.11

 

Interpretation

   26

Section 9.12

 

Fulfillment of Obligations

   27

Section 9.13

 

Affiliate or Group Status

   27

Section 9.14

 

Force Majeure

   28

Section 9.15

 

Local Country Agreements

   28

 

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EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit A — Services

Exhibit B — Excluded Services

Exhibit C — Terms of Access for Information Systems and Software

Exhibit D — Form of Local Country Agreement

 

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TRANSITION SERVICES AGREEMENT

This TRANSITION SERVICES AGREEMENT (this “Agreement”), dated as of [●] (the “Effective Date”), is by and between Pfizer Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Pluto”), and Upjohn Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Spinco”) (each, a “Party” and together, the “Parties”).

R E C I T A L S

WHEREAS, Pluto and Spinco have entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, dated as of July 29, 2019 (the “Separation Agreement”), pursuant to which Pluto and Spinco have agreed to separate the Spinco Business from the Pluto Business so that, as of the Distribution Date, the Spinco Business is held by members of the Spinco Group and the Pluto Business is held by members of the Pluto Group (the “Separation”);

WHEREAS, after the Separation, Spinco shall become a standalone publicly traded company, pursuant to the terms of the Separation Agreement and a Business Combination Agreement, dated as of July 29, 2019 (the “Business Combination Agreement”), by and among Pluto, Spinco, Mylan N.V., a public company with limited liability incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands, and certain of their Affiliates; and

WHEREAS, in order to provide for an orderly transition from the Spinco Business operating as a division of Pluto to operating as a standalone publicly traded company, Pluto and Spinco have agreed to enter into this Agreement, pursuant to which Pluto shall provide, or shall cause the applicable members of the Pluto Group or, to the extent permitted hereunder, third parties to provide, to Spinco and the applicable members of the Spinco Group certain services on an interim basis after the Effective Date, subject to and in accordance with the terms of this Agreement.

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual agreements, provisions and covenants contained in this Agreement, and for other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the Parties, intending to be legally bound, hereby agree as follows:

ARTICLE I

DEFINITIONS

Section 1.1 Certain Definitions. Capitalized terms used in this Agreement shall have the meanings ascribed to such terms in this Agreement, including as specified in this Section 1.1. Capitalized terms used but not otherwise defined herein shall have the meanings ascribed to such terms in the Separation Agreement.

Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the preamble to this Agreement.

Assignee Party” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.1(c).

Assigning Party” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.1(c).


Baseline Period” means the period from January 1, 2019 to the Effective Date.

Breaching Party” has the meaning set forth in Section 7.2.

Business Combination Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the recitals to this Agreement.

Compliance Concern” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.11(a).

Consent” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.6.

Cost-Plus Charge” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(c).

Effective Date” has the meaning set forth in the preamble to this Agreement.

Excluded Services” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.1(a).

Extension Charge” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(d).

Force Majeure” has the meaning set forth in Section 9.14.

Information Systems” means (a) computer systems, servers, workstations, routers, hubs, switches, data communications networks (other than the Internet) and other information technology equipment used to create, store, transmit, exchange or receive information, voice or data and (b) documentation, user manuals, and training manuals documenting the functionality or use of any of the foregoing.

Initial Service Period” means, with respect to any Service, an initial term of twenty-four (24) months or any shorter or longer period of time otherwise specified in Exhibit A under the heading “Service Period” applicable to such Service.

Intellectual Property” means all intellectual property rights throughout the world, including: (i) patents and patent applications and all related provisionals, divisionals, continuations, continuations-in-part, reissues, reexaminations, extensions and substitutions of any of the foregoing, (ii) trademarks, service marks, names, corporate names, trade names, domain names, social media names, tags or handles, logos, slogans, trade dress, design rights, and other similar designations of source or origin, together with the goodwill symbolized by any of the foregoing, whether or not registered or applied for registration, including common law trademark rights, (iii) copyrights and copyrightable subject matter, whether or not registered or applied for registration, (iv) technical, scientific, regulatory and other information, designs, ideas, inventions (whether patentable or unpatentable and whether or not reduced to practice), research and development, discoveries, results, creations, improvements, know-how, techniques and data (including biological, chemical, pharmacological, toxicological, pharmaceutical, physical and analytical, safety, quality control, manufacturing and preclinical and clinical data), technology, algorithms, procedures, plans, processes, practices, methods, trade secrets, instructions, formulae, formulations, compositions, specifications, and marketing, pricing, distribution, cost and sales information, tools, materials, apparatus, creations, improvements, works of authorship in any media, confidential, proprietary or nonpublic information, and other similar materials, and all recordings, graphs, drawings, reports, analyses and other writings, and other tangible embodiments of the foregoing in any form whether or not listed herein, (v) Software and (vi) applications, registrations and common law rights for the foregoing.

 

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LCA” has the meaning set forth in Section 9.15.

Non-Breaching Party” has the meaning set forth in Section 7.2.

Omitted Service” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.4.

Out-of-Pocket Costs” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(b).

Party” or “Parties” has the meaning set forth in the preamble to this Agreement.

Pluto” has the meaning set forth in the preamble to this Agreement.

Pluto Costs” means internal and out-of-pocket costs or expenses incurred by Pluto or members of its Group that would have been incurred by any of them in the ordinary course of decommissioning or ceasing to continue conducting the Spinco Business (or any part thereof) or any of their other businesses absent the transactions contemplated by the Separation Agreement and the Business Combination Agreement, including redundancy costs, write-off costs, costs of internal archiving or decommissioning, or losses of volume benefits under third party contracts, in each case to the extent incurred as a result of such decommissioning or cessation.

Pluto Indemnified Parties” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.1(b).

Pluto Managed Control or Process” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.13.

Recipient” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.2(a).

Response Notice” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.3(b).

Security Requirements” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.10(d).

Senior Manager” means [●], in the case of Pluto, and [●], in the case of Spinco.

Separation” has the meaning set forth in the recitals to this Agreement.

Separation Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the recitals to this Agreement.

Service Extension” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.5.

Service Extension Period” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.5.

Service Fees” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(a).

Service Functional Lead” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.7.

Service Noncompliance” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.2(a).

 

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Service Period” means the Initial Service Period, together with any Service Extension Periods.

Service Taxes” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.2(b).

Services” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.1(a).

Spinco” has the meaning set forth in the preamble to this Agreement.

Spinco Business Data” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.1(b).

Spinco Indemnified Parties” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.1(a).

Subcontractor” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.2(b).

Supplier” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.2(a).

Term” has the meaning set forth in Section 7.1.

Termination Notice” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.3(b).

Transition Plan” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.8.

Transition Representative” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.7.

VAT” means (A) any Tax imposed in compliance with the council directive of 28 November 2006 on the common system of value added tax (EC Directive 2006/112); and (B) any other Tax of a similar nature, however denominated, to the Taxes referred to in clause (A) above, whether imposed in a member state of the European Union in substitution for, or levied in addition to, the Taxes referred to in clause (A) above, or imposed elsewhere (including goods and services Taxes, but excluding transfer Tax, stamp duty and other similar Taxes).

Withdrawal Notice” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.3(b).

ARTICLE II

SERVICES; STANDARD OF PERFORMANCE

Section 2.1 Services.

(a) Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, beginning on the Effective Date and continuing for the duration of the applicable Service Period, Pluto shall provide, or cause to be provided, to Spinco and the applicable members of the Spinco Group the services identified in Exhibit A, as such Exhibit A may be supplemented or modified from time to time in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement (the “Services”). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, the Services shall exclude any services not expressly set forth in Exhibit A (it being understood that any Omitted Services added to Exhibit A pursuant to Section 2.4 shall not be so excluded), including the services identified in Exhibit B (the “Excluded Services”). The provision to the Spinco Business of any Excluded Services shall be discontinued as of the Effective Date.

 

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(b) The Services shall only be used by Spinco and the applicable members of the Spinco Group, and only to the extent in connection with the operation of the Spinco Business, and shall not be used by Spinco or any member of the Spinco Group for any other purpose or (except as expressly permitted in accordance with Section 2.3(d)) in any other manner (including as to scope, volume and location) than the purpose or manner in which such Services were used by Pluto and its Affiliates in connection with the operation of the Spinco Business during the Baseline Period (together with organic growth of the Spinco Business during the Term). No member of the Spinco Group shall resell, license or otherwise permit the use by any other Person of any of the Services.

(c) Pluto shall have no obligation to provide, or cause to be provided, the Services to any Person other than Spinco and the applicable members of the Spinco Group. Subject to Section 2.3(d), Pluto shall have no obligation to provide, or cause to be provided, the Services other than for the benefit of the Spinco Business, and shall not be required to provide such Services within a greater scope or in a greater volume than, or at a different location than, such Services were provided by Pluto and its Affiliates to the Spinco Business during the Baseline Period (together with organic growth of the Spinco Business during the Term). Pluto shall have no obligation to provide, or cause to be provided, the Services to the extent that any changes are made to the Spinco Business that increase in any material respect Pluto’s burden or cost with respect to the provision of such Services or that make commercially impracticable the provision of such Services, including as a result of (i) mergers, acquisitions, divestitures, consolidations, reorganizations or similar transactions or (ii) employee additions, reductions or other changes not in the ordinary course of business of the Spinco Business consistent with past practice. For clarity, the preceding sentence shall not restrict the ability of Spinco or any member of the Spinco Group to engage in any of the actions listed in the preceding sentence while receiving the Services.

Section 2.2 Standard of Performance.

(a) Pluto shall provide the Services with reasonable skill and care consistent in all material respects with the level of skill and care provided to the Spinco Business during the Baseline Period. For the purposes of this Agreement, the term “Service Noncompliance” shall mean Pluto’s failure to provide the Services in the manner set forth in this Section 2.2(a) after receipt of written notice from Spinco specifying the details of such noncompliance and Pluto’s failure to cure (if capable of being cured) such noncompliance as soon as reasonably practicable but not later than thirty (30) days after Pluto’s receipt of such notice; provided that, notwithstanding the foregoing, a Service Noncompliance shall be deemed not to occur to the extent Pluto is not able to provide the Services or cure such noncompliance as a result of (i) a Force Majeure, (ii) Spinco’s breach of this Agreement, or (iii) a Compliance Concern. Pluto shall be deemed not to be in breach of this Agreement with respect to the provision of the Services unless and until such breach constitutes Service Noncompliance.

 

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(b) Pluto shall have the right to perform its obligations under this Agreement through one or more members of the Pluto Group, and each of the foregoing may hire third party service providers, subcontractors and consultants (each, a “Subcontractor”) to perform any of Pluto’s obligations hereunder, including to provide all or part of any Service; provided that (i) Pluto shall in all cases retain responsibility for the provision of the Services to Spinco in accordance with this Agreement and be liable for any breach by any such member of the Pluto Group or Subcontractor of the terms of this Agreement to the same extent as if such breach was committed by Pluto and (ii) Pluto’s exercise of its rights pursuant to this Section 2.2(b) shall not adversely affect the applicable Services in any material respect or increase Spinco’s costs or expenses hereunder for the applicable Services. Except as expressly provided in this Agreement, neither Pluto nor any member of the Pluto Group, nor any other Person on their behalf, makes any representations or warranties, express or implied, with respect to any Services provided by a Subcontractor.

(c) As between the Parties, except as otherwise agreed by the Parties in writing, Pluto shall have sole discretion and authority with respect to designating, employing, assigning, compensating and discharging personnel and Subcontractors in connection with the performance of the Services, and notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, in no event shall Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group be obligated under this Agreement to retain or employ any specific personnel or Subcontractors, acquire any equipment or technology, expand or modify any facilities or incur any capital expenditures, in each case unless Pluto agrees, in its sole discretion, to do so and Spinco agrees to bear all related costs and expenses.

Section 2.3 Service Changes.

(a) Any Service may be terminated, in whole or in part, upon the mutual written consent of the Parties, and in such case, (i) the applicable Service shall terminate on the date mutually agreed upon in writing by Pluto and Spinco, (ii) Exhibit A shall be deemed amended to delete such Service as of such date and (iii) this Agreement shall be of no further force and effect with respect to such Service, except as to liabilities or obligations accrued prior to the date of termination of such Service.

(b) Any Service may be terminated, [in whole but not in part], by Spinco upon written notice (a “Termination Notice”) to Pluto at least ninety (90) days prior to such termination, and in such case, unless a Withdrawal Notice is timely delivered to Pluto as set forth below, (i) the applicable Service shall terminate on the termination date specified in the Termination Notice (or such other date mutually agreed upon in writing by Pluto and Spinco), (ii) Exhibit A shall be deemed amended to delete such Service as of such date and (iii) this Agreement shall be of no further force and effect with respect to such Service, except as to liabilities or obligations accrued prior to the date of termination of such Service; provided, however, that except as otherwise agreed by the Parties, no such notice may be given until sixty (60) days following the Effective Date. Within thirty (30) days following receipt of a Termination Notice, Pluto shall provide Spinco with written notice (a “Response Notice”) regarding (x) whether the termination of the applicable Service, in Pluto’s reasonable judgment, will require the termination or partial termination of, or otherwise affect the performance of, any other Services and (y) any Out-of-Pocket Costs that will arise from the termination of the applicable Service and any other such Services, including an estimate of the amount thereof. With respect to any Response Notice, Spinco may withdraw its Termination Notice by delivering a written notice (a “Withdrawal Notice”) to Pluto within ten (10) days following the receipt of such Response Notice from Pluto. If Spinco timely delivers a Withdrawal Notice, the Termination Notice shall be deemed withdrawn and the applicable Service

 

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shall not be affected. If Spinco does not timely deliver a Withdrawal Notice, the Termination Notice will be final, binding and irrevocable and Pluto may terminate or affect the performance of any and all Services set forth in the Response Notice in accordance with its terms, and Exhibit A shall be deemed amended accordingly. [For clarity, partial termination of a Service will be subject to the prior written consent of Pluto pursuant to Section 2.3(a).]

(c) Upon termination of a Service in whole or in part pursuant to Section 2.3(a) or Section 2.3(b), Pluto’s obligation to provide, and Spinco’s obligation to pay for, such terminated Service (or portion thereof that is terminated) beyond the specified termination date will terminate; provided that (i) Spinco shall pay Pluto (or the applicable member of the Pluto Group) for all accrued and unpaid Service Fees (and the Cost-Plus Charge and, if applicable, Extension Charge thereon) and Out-of-Pocket Costs for such terminated Service or part thereof and (ii) Spinco shall reimburse Pluto (or the applicable member of the Pluto Group) for all Out-of-Pocket Costs incurred by or on behalf of the Pluto Group in connection with such termination, in each case in accordance with Article III.

(d) If Spinco desires to (i) increase the scope or volume of any Service in any material respect beyond the scope or volume of such Service as provided by Pluto and its Affiliates to the Spinco Business during the Baseline Period (together with organic growth of the Spinco Business during the Term) or (ii) change the location at which any Service is provided from the location at which such Service was provided by Pluto and its Affiliates to the Spinco Business during the Baseline Period, Spinco shall provide a written request to Pluto for such increase in scope or volume or change in location of Service, and Spinco and Pluto shall discuss in good faith such request, including any incremental costs and expenses associated therewith. Pluto shall use commercially reasonable efforts to accommodate such request to the extent the applicable increase in scope or volume or change in location of Service (A) arises from organic growth of the Spinco Business, (B) is not requested as a result of, or otherwise in connection with, any mergers, acquisitions, divestitures, consolidations, reorganizations, or similar transactions, and (C) would not require Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group to allocate resources and capabilities to effect such increase in scope or volume or change in location of Service materially in excess of its then-current ordinary course resources and capabilities. The Parties shall amend Exhibit A to reflect such increase in scope or volume or change in location of Service, to the extent applicable. All costs and expenses incurred in providing such increase in scope or volume or change in location of Service pursuant to this Section 2.3(d) shall be borne by Spinco.

(e) It is understood and agreed that Pluto may from time to time change the manner or nature of any Service provided to Spinco if (i) Pluto is making similar changes in the performance of services similar to such Service for its Group, (ii) such changes are required by applicable Law, (iii) such changes are requested by Spinco or otherwise reasonably necessary to provide any such Service to Spinco in accordance with this Agreement, or (iv) such changes would not reasonably be expected to adversely affect in any material respect the provision of such Service. Any incremental costs and expenses incurred by or on behalf of the Pluto Group in making any such change to the Services referred to in clause (i) or (iv) of this Section 2.3(e) shall be borne solely by Pluto and no Service Fees shall be increased as a result of such incremental costs and expenses. Any incremental costs and expenses incurred by or on behalf of the Pluto Group in making any such change to the Services referred to in clause (ii) or (iii) of this Section 2.3(e) shall be borne by Spinco (and such costs and expenses shall be deemed to be Out-of-Pocket Costs hereunder).

 

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Section 2.4 Omitted Services. If, within one hundred eighty (180) days following the Effective Date, Spinco identifies a service (an “Omitted Service”) that (a) was provided by Pluto or any of its Affiliates to the Spinco Business during the Baseline Period, (b) is reasonably necessary for the Spinco Business to operate in substantially the same manner as the Spinco Business operated during the Baseline Period, (c) is not included on Exhibit A or Exhibit B and (d) would not require Pluto or the applicable member of the Pluto Group to allocate resources or capabilities materially in excess of its then-current ordinary course resources and capabilities, the Parties shall amend Exhibit A to add such Omitted Service, and in such case, such Omitted Service will be deemed a Service hereunder; provided that Pluto shall have no obligation to provide such Omitted Service unless and until the Parties mutually agree on all terms and conditions for the provision of such Omitted Service, including the Service Period and the Service Fee for such Omitted Service, which terms and conditions shall be negotiated by the Parties in good faith.

Section 2.5 Service Extensions. If Spinco reasonably determines that it will require a Service to continue beyond the Initial Service Period for such Service, Spinco may extend such Service (a “Service Extension”) for up to two (2) six (6)-month periods (each, a “Service Extension Period”) by written notice to Pluto no less than sixty (60) days prior to the end of the Initial Service Period or first Service Extension Period, as applicable, and Pluto shall cause such Service to be provided during such Service Extension Period in accordance with the terms hereof; provided that the Extension Charge shall apply in accordance with Section 3.1(d).

Section 2.6 Third Party Terms and Conditions; Consents. Spinco hereby acknowledges and agrees that the Services provided by Pluto through Subcontractors, or using third party assets, including Intellectual Property, are subject to the terms and conditions of any applicable agreements with such third parties and subject to the receipt of any consent, authorization, order or approval of, or any exemption by, any third party (each, a “Consent”) required to be obtained by Pluto (or the applicable members of the Pluto Group or its or their Subcontractors) for the performance of Pluto’s obligations under this Agreement, which Pluto shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to obtain, and Spinco shall, and shall cause the applicable members of the Spinco Group to, reasonably cooperate with and assist Pluto (or the applicable members of the Pluto Group or its or their Subcontractors) in so obtaining; provided that neither Party shall be obligated to incur any out-of-pocket costs or expenses to obtain any such Consent; provided, further, that if any out-of-pocket costs or expenses must be incurred to pay for a Consent, or for the assignment of a license or other rights to any member of the Spinco Group, or for the purchase or licensing of any Intellectual Property or other assets to provide the Services to any member of the Spinco Group, and Spinco wishes that such Consent be obtained or such assignment, purchase or license be effected, such out-of-pocket costs and expenses shall be borne by Spinco (and the Service Fee for such Service will increase by the amount of any such costs and expenses or, in the case of any one-time costs relating to such modifications, such costs and expenses shall be deemed to be Out-of-Pocket Costs hereunder). If Pluto is unable to obtain any required Consent, or to effect any required assignments, purchases or licenses, in accordance with the preceding sentence the Parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to (a) negotiate in good faith reasonable modifications to the Services or the provision of substitute services (which

 

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substitute services shall be deemed “Services” hereunder), such that such Consents, assignments, purchases or licenses are not required and (b) implement such modifications or substitute services (including by amending Exhibit A). Any incremental costs and expenses incurred by or on behalf of the Pluto Group with respect to such mutually agreed modifications or substitute services shall be borne by Spinco (and the Service Fee for the applicable Services will increase by the amount of any such costs and expenses or, in the case of any one-time costs relating to such modifications, such costs and expenses shall be deemed to be Out-of-Pocket Costs hereunder). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, subject to Pluto complying with its obligations under this Section 2.6, Pluto will not be in breach of this Agreement or have any liability to the Spinco Group as a result of any non-performance of, or other effect upon, any applicable Services as a result of any failure to obtain any such Consent or to effect any such assignment, purchase or license. If any Consent, assignment, purchase or license is required to be obtained with respect to any third party relationship of Spinco or any member of the Spinco Group for the receipt of Services, Spinco shall be solely responsible for obtaining any such Consent, assignment, purchase or license at its sole cost and expense; provided that Pluto shall, and shall cause the applicable members of the Pluto Group to, reasonably cooperate with and assist Spinco (or the applicable members of the Spinco Group) in so obtaining.

Section 2.7 Transition Representatives. Each Party shall designate an individual to be the primary liaison between the Parties for the transition of the Spinco Business and the provision and receipt of, and the transfer of responsibility for, the Services (each, a “Transition Representative”). Each Party shall also designate individuals to be the primary representatives of such Party with respect to each of the functional areas of the Services (e.g., information technology, finance) (each, a “Service Functional Lead”). The Parties agree that any issues arising under this Agreement in relation to a particular Service will be raised first by and between the Service Functional Leads responsible for the functional area of the relevant Service before being referred to the Transition Representatives. The Transition Representatives and Service Functional Leads, or their respective designees, shall meet regularly in person, telephonically or as they otherwise agree during the Term to discuss any issues arising under this Agreement that have not been resolved by the Service Functional Leads and the need for any modifications or additions hereto. Either Party may replace its Transition Representative or any Service Functional Lead with an individual who has a comparable level of responsibility within its respective organization. Each Party shall provide written notice of its Transition Representative and Service Functional Leads to the other Party promptly following the execution of this Agreement and promptly following any changes to such Party’s Transition Representative or any Service Functional Lead, in each case in accordance with Section 9.1. The Transition Representatives and Service Functional Leads shall perform their duties in accordance with the Transition Plan.

Section 2.8 Transitional Nature of Services; Transition Plan and Assistance. The Parties hereby acknowledge the transitional nature of the Services. Accordingly, as promptly as practicable following the execution of this Agreement, Spinco agrees to use, and to cause the applicable members of the Spinco Group to use, commercially reasonable efforts to transition each Service to its own internal organization or obtain alternate third parties to provide the Services. In connection therewith, Spinco shall develop a detailed written transition plan (as may be updated from time to time, the “Transition Plan”) which sets forth how Spinco will transition from each Service in a timely and efficient manner, in accordance with this Agreement and no later than the end of the Service Period for such Service, such that all Services have been so transitioned prior

 

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to the expiration of the Term. The Transition Plan shall include a description of Spinco’s expected end state following completion of transition activities and any reasonable assistance that Spinco expects to request from Pluto in order to achieve such expected end state (which requested assistance shall be subject to Pluto’s approval, not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed). Spinco shall provide a draft Transition Plan to Pluto as soon as reasonably practicable following the Effective Date, but in any event no later than one hundred twenty (120) days following the Effective Date, and shall incorporate any revisions reasonably proposed by Pluto, which comments shall be provided within ninety (90) days of receipt of such draft Transition Plan. Spinco shall inform Pluto of any developments or changes (including as a result of the termination of any Services hereunder) that would reasonably be expected to impair Spinco’s ability to adhere to the Transition Plan, and shall update the Transition Plan upon Pluto’s reasonable request. Pluto shall, upon Spinco’s reasonable request, provide Spinco with assistance reasonably necessary to transition the Services to Spinco in accordance with the Transition Plan; provided that all out-of-pocket costs and expenses incurred in connection therewith shall be borne by Spinco (and such costs and expenses shall be deemed to be Out-of-Pocket Costs hereunder); provided, further, that Spinco shall be ultimately responsible for transitioning the Services. The specific transition assistance and timing thereof shall be as mutually agreed in good faith by the Parties. Such transition assistance may include providing information regarding specific Services and the systems, Software and data formats and data organization being used for such Services, coordination and other reasonable assistance with test runs of replacement systems and processes (but not development of such systems and processes), and other reasonable access to relevant information; provided that Pluto shall not be obligated to provide transition assistance that Pluto cannot provide without a material increase in its then-current ordinary course resources and capabilities, or without adversely affecting in any material respect its and the other members of the Pluto Group’s other obligations and commitments. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, the foregoing assistance of Pluto is deemed to be a Service for purposes of this Agreement, and in no event shall Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group be required to provide any such assistance following the expiration of the Term.

Section 2.9 Independent Contractor. In providing the Services hereunder, Pluto, the applicable members of the Pluto Group and its and their Subcontractors shall act solely as independent contractors. Nothing herein shall constitute or be construed to be or create in any way or for any purpose a fiduciary, partnership, joint venture, joint-employer or principal-agent relationship between the Parties.

Section 2.10 Access and Cooperation; Reliance.

(a) Each Party agrees that it shall, and shall cause the applicable members of its Group to, (i) timely provide to the other Party and the applicable members of its Group (and, if applicable, its and their Subcontractors), at no cost to such other Party, reasonable access to personnel, facilities, systems, assets, information and books and records, in the case of Spinco, with respect to the Spinco Business, and in the case of Pluto, with respect to the Services, and (ii) timely provide decisions, approvals and acceptances, in the case of each of clauses (i) and (ii), as reasonably requested by such other Party in order to enable it to exercise its rights and perform its obligations under this Agreement in a timely and efficient manner.

 

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(b) Without limiting Section 2.10(a), each Party shall, and shall cause the applicable members of its Group to, (i) cooperate with the other Party in all matters relating to the provision and receipt of the Services, (ii) use commercially reasonable efforts to minimize the expense, distraction and disturbance to each Party and (iii) perform all obligations hereunder in good faith and in accordance with principles of fair dealing. Such cooperation shall include (A) the execution and delivery of such further instruments or documents as may be reasonably requested by the other Party to enable the full performance of each Party’s obligations hereunder and (B) promptly notifying the other Party of any changes to a Party’s operating environment or personnel that would reasonably be expected to affect the provision or use of the Services in any material respect, and working with the other Party to minimize the effect of such changes.

(c) In connection with the performance of this Agreement, each Party and the members of its Group (and, if applicable, its and their Subcontractors) shall be entitled to rely upon the genuineness, validity and truthfulness of any document, instrument or other writing presented by or on behalf of the other Party or any member of its Group. No member of either Party’s Group or any of its Subcontractors shall be liable for any impairment in the provision or receipt, as applicable, of any Service caused by their not receiving information, materials or access pursuant to this Section 2.10, either timely or at all, or by their receiving inaccurate or incomplete information from or on behalf of the other Party’s Group.

(d) Except as otherwise expressly set forth with respect to one or more specific Services in Exhibit A, neither Party shall have any right or be permitted to access any Information Systems or Software owned or controlled by the other Party or any member of its Group. To the extent any such access is granted to any member of a Party’s Group in connection with the provision or receipt of one or more specific Services, the accessing Party shall, and shall cause the applicable members of its Group to, comply with (i) the Information System and Software terms of access set forth in Exhibit C and (ii) the bona fide and generally applicable policies and procedures of the other Party made available to such accessing Party in writing (collectively, the “Security Requirements”).

(e) Each Party shall notify the other Party promptly after becoming aware of any actual or suspected breach of security of the other Party’s Information Systems or any accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration or unauthorized disclosure of, or access to, information contained therein or any other sensitive or confidential information (including information relating to an identified or identifiable individual) supplied by or on behalf of the other Party to such Party or any member of its Group in connection with this Agreement and, in the event of any such actual or suspected breach or destruction, loss, alteration, disclosure or access, each Party shall, and shall cause the members of its Group to, reasonably cooperate with the other Party in investigating and mitigating the effect thereof.

Section 2.11 Compliance.

(a) Spinco acknowledges and agrees that Pluto shall not provide any Service to the extent that the provision of such Service by Pluto, any member of the Pluto Group or any of its or their Subcontractors, including any of the foregoing persons’ officers, directors, employees, agents or representatives, would conflict with or violate (i) any applicable Laws, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the U.K. Bribery Act 2010, or (ii) the bona fide and

 

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generally applicable policies or procedures of Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group. In the event that Pluto determines in good faith that the provision of a specific Service in a specific market is likely to violate clause (i) or (ii) above (a “Compliance Concern”), Pluto shall provide prompt notice to Spinco describing in reasonable detail the nature of the Compliance Concern.

(i) Pluto and Spinco shall confer in good faith to determine whether the Compliance Concern can be resolved and whether the suspension of such Service is necessary; provided that, in the event of a disagreement regarding whether such suspension is necessary, Pluto shall have the right to make the final determination. Pluto and Spinco shall pursue the mutual objective of limiting the scope and duration of any such suspension. Each Party shall take reasonable interim measures necessary to address the Compliance Concern that are requested by the other Party (e.g., by replacing a suspect intermediary or reassigning a suspect employee), and, upon request, shall provide written confirmation to the other Party that such measures have been implemented. All interim measures shall remain in place until and unless the Parties mutually agree, on the basis of their reasonable investigation, that the Compliance Concern is resolved.

(ii) In the event that any Service has been suspended under this Section 2.11(a), upon the resolution of such Compliance Concern, Pluto shall resume the provision of such Service.

(iii) Each Party shall at all times comply with all applicable Laws in connection with the exercise of its rights and performance of its obligations under this Agreement.

(b) Spinco and the applicable members of the Spinco Group shall follow the bona fide and generally applicable policies, procedures and practices with respect to the Services followed by Pluto and the applicable members of the Pluto Group that are made available to Spinco in writing and any changes to such policies, procedures and practices, in each case, from and after the date on which Spinco is notified in writing of the relevant policy, procedure or practice, including those relating to continuity of business, computer and network security measures and data encryption.

Section 2.12 Condition to Performance. Spinco acknowledges and agrees that Pluto shall not be responsible for any failure to provide the Services to the extent that such failure results from Spinco’s breach of this Agreement, including its obligations under Section 2.10, or to the extent that such failure is pursuant to a suspension of a Service that is in accordance with Section 2.11(a) or Section 9.14.

Section 2.13 Internal Audits and Testing of Pluto Managed Controls and Processes. The Parties acknowledge and agree that Pluto will, in the ordinary course of its business, audit and test certain controls, processes and procedures that relate to the Services (a “Pluto Managed Control or Process”). Pluto agrees that, to the extent required by Spinco to comply with applicable Law, Pluto will provide Spinco with reasonable access to the audit or testing documentation for any such Pluto Managed Control or Process that is material to the Spinco Business as soon as reasonably practicable following the completion of the applicable audit or testing. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Pluto’s responsibility shall be limited to providing reasonable access to audit or testing documentation it creates in the ordinary course of its business

 

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and Pluto shall have no responsibility to conduct any particular audit or testing, create any specific documentation or provide any interpretation of audit or testing results or determination of the scope, level or materiality of any potential risks or deficiencies (and, for clarity, Spinco shall be solely responsible for interpreting any such results or making any such determination). To the extent required by Spinco to comply with applicable Law, Spinco shall have the right to audit or test, or have Pluto audit or test, in each case at Pluto’s option and upon reasonable prior written notice, any Pluto Managed Control or Process. If Pluto agrees that Spinco may perform such audit or testing then, upon reasonable prior written notice to Pluto, Pluto shall permit Spinco representatives reasonable access, during regular business hours (as in effect from time to time), for purposes of such audit or testing; provided that, if any such audit or testing could result in Spinco having access to any sensitive Confidential Information of Pluto (including Tax and transfer pricing information), Pluto may require that Spinco appoint an independent third party audit firm reasonably acceptable to Pluto to conduct such audit or testing. All costs of any such audit or testing conducted by or on behalf of Spinco pursuant to this Section 2.13, including the costs of a third party audit firm, shall be borne by Spinco. Within thirty (30) days of completing such audit or testing, Spinco shall submit a report to Pluto with its findings. Any information obtained or observed by Spinco during any such audit or testing shall be subject to the confidentiality obligations contained in Article VI. For clarity, Pluto shall have no responsibility to conduct any remediation or modification of any Pluto Managed Control or Process unless a reputable and internationally recognized independent third party audit firm determines that a significant deficiency or material weakness exists with respect to such Pluto Managed Control or Process and Pluto, after considering in good faith the findings set forth in such report, agrees with such determination, and in such case Pluto shall conduct such remediation or modification at its own cost.

ARTICLE III

COMPENSATION

Section 3.1 Compensation.

(a) Spinco (or the applicable member of the Spinco Group) shall pay to Pluto (or the applicable member of the Pluto Group) (i) a monthly fee (pro rated for any partial month) for each Service provided to Spinco (or such member of the Spinco Group) hereunder in accordance with the charges for each such Service as set forth in Exhibit A (collectively, the “Service Fees”), (ii) the Cost-Plus Charge as set forth in Section 3.1(c), and (iii) the Extension Charge, if applicable, as set forth in Section 3.1(d); provided that, for each of the first two years following the Effective Date, the aggregate fees otherwise payable by Spinco to Pluto pursuant to this sentence shall be reduced by the amount set forth on Exhibit E. For the avoidance of doubt, Service Fees shall not include any severance and/or retention costs incurred by Pluto or the Pluto Group as a result of retaining the necessary employees to supply such Service to Spinco in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. Pluto or the applicable member of its Group shall bear all Pluto Costs.

(b) With respect to the first $380,000,000 of Out-of-Pocket Costs, Pluto (or the applicable member of the Pluto Group) shall bear fifty percent (50%) of such Out-of-Pocket Costs and Spinco (or the applicable member of the Spinco Group) shall reimburse Pluto (or the applicable member of the Pluto Group) for fifty percent (50%) of such Out-of-Pocket Costs. With respect to Out-of-Pocket Costs in excess of $380,000,000, Spinco (or the applicable member of the Spinco Group) shall reimburse Pluto (or the applicable member of the Pluto Group) for one hundred percent (100%) of such Out-of-Pocket Costs. If requested by Pluto, Spinco (or the applicable member of the Spinco Group) shall pay the applicable third-party service provider directly for Out-of-Pocket Costs otherwise required to be reimbursed by Spinco (or the applicable member of the Spinco Group). All Out-of-Pocket Costs required to be reimbursed by Spinco (or the applicable member of the Spinco Group) shall be in addition to the Service Fees. Reasonable documentation of Out-of-Pocket Costs will be provided upon request. “Out-of-Pocket Costs” shall mean, collectively, all reasonable out-of-pocket costs and expenses, including license fees, royalties, payments to Subcontractors and third-party freight, distribution and other logistics costs, incurred by or on behalf of Pluto (or such member of the Pluto Group) in connection with (i) preparation activities to make the Services available to the Spinco Group, (ii) the provision of the Services, (iii) planning and executing the migration or transition of the Services to the Spinco Group or a Subcontractor and (iv) early termination of any Service pursuant to Section 2.3(a) or Section 2.3(b), but excluding, in the case of each of clauses (i) through (iv), any Taxes, which are the subject of Section 3.2.

 

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(c) The Parties agree that the Service Fees shall be subject to a five percent (5%) markup each month, calculated on the monthly fee for each Service as set forth in Exhibit A (the “Cost-Plus Charge”), to reflect arms’ length pricing terms for the Services. For clarity, the Cost-Plus Charge shall be charged to and payable by Spinco (or the applicable member of the Spinco Group) in addition to the Service Fees set forth on Exhibit A.

(d) The Parties agree that the Service Fees shall be subject to an additional five percent (5%) markup each month during the first Service Extension Period and an additional ten percent (10%) markup each month during the second Service Extension Period, in each case calculated on the monthly fee for each Service as set forth in Exhibit A (the “Extension Charge”). During any Service Extension Period, the applicable Extension Charge shall be charged to and payable by Spinco (or the applicable member of the Spinco Group) in addition to the Service Fees set forth on Exhibit A and the Cost-Plus Charge. For clarity, after giving effect to the Cost-Plus Charge in Section 3.1(c) and the Extension Charge in this Section 3.1(d), the Service Fees shall be subject to a five percent (5%) markup each month during the Initial Service Period, a ten percent (10%) markup each month during the first Service Extension Period, and a fifteen percent (15%) markup each month during the second Service Extension Period, in each case calculated on the monthly fee for each Service as set forth in Exhibit A.

(e) If at any time Pluto believes that the Service Fee for a specific Service on Exhibit A is materially insufficient to compensate it (or the applicable member of the Pluto Group) for the cost of providing such Service, or Spinco believes that the Service Fee for a specific Service on Exhibit A materially overcompensates Pluto (or the applicable member of the Pluto Group) for such Service, such Party shall promptly notify the other Party, and the Parties will commence good faith negotiations toward an agreement in writing as to the appropriate course of action with respect to the Service Fee for such Service for future periods. This Article III shall not limit any other obligation of either Party and the applicable members of its Group to reimburse costs or expenses of the other Party and the applicable members of its Group pursuant to other provisions of this Agreement.

Section 3.2 Taxes.

(a) All sums payable under this Agreement are exclusive of any amount in respect of VAT. If any action of one Party (the “Supplier”) under this Agreement constitutes, for VAT purposes, the making of a supply to another Party (or a member of that Party’s Group) (the “Recipient”) and VAT is or becomes chargeable on that supply, the Recipient shall pay to the Supplier, in addition to any amounts otherwise payable under this Agreement by the Recipient, a sum equal to the amount of the VAT chargeable on that supply against delivery to the Recipient of a valid VAT invoice issued in accordance with the laws and regulations of the applicable jurisdiction.

 

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(b) Without duplication of amounts covered by Section 3.2(a), Spinco (or the applicable member of the Spinco Group) shall be responsible for all VAT, sales, goods and services, use, gross receipts, transfer, consumption and other similar Taxes, (excluding, for clarity, Taxes imposed on net income, profits and gains and franchise Taxes), together with interest, penalties and additions thereto (“Service Taxes”), imposed by applicable taxing authorities attributable to the provision of Services to Spinco (or such member the Spinco Group) or any payment hereunder; provided that such Service Taxes are shown on a valid invoice. If Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group is required to pay any part of such Service Taxes, Pluto (or the applicable member of the Pluto Group) shall provide Spinco with evidence that such Service Taxes have been paid, and Spinco (or the applicable member of the Spinco Group) shall reimburse Pluto (or such member of the Pluto Group) for such Service Taxes. Pluto (or the applicable member of the Pluto Group) shall, upon the reasonable request of Spinco, promptly revise any invoice to the extent such invoice was erroneously itemized or categorized. Each Party shall, and shall cause the applicable members of its Group to, use commercially reasonable efforts to (i) minimize the amount of any Service Taxes imposed on the provision of Services hereunder, including by availing itself of any available exemptions from or reductions to any such Service Taxes, and (ii) cooperate with the other Party in providing any information or documentation that may be reasonably necessary to minimize such Service Taxes or obtain such exemptions or reductions. If at any time Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group receives a refund (or credit or offset in lieu of a refund) of any Service Taxes borne by Spinco or any member of the Spinco Group, then Pluto (or such member of the Pluto Group) shall promptly pay over the amount of such refund, credit or offset (net of all reasonable related out-of-pocket costs, expenses and taxes incurred in respect thereof) to Spinco (or such member of the Spinco Group), it being understood that Spinco and the applicable members of the Spinco Group shall be liable for (x) any subsequent disallowance of such refund, credit or offset and any related interest, penalties or additions thereto and (y) any reasonable out-of-pocket costs and expenses related to such disallowance.

(c) If applicable Law requires that an amount in respect of any Taxes be withheld from any payment to Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group, Spinco shall promptly notify Pluto of such required withholding and Spinco shall withhold (or cause to be withheld) such Taxes and pay (or cause to be paid) such withheld amounts over to the applicable taxing authority in accordance with the requirements of the applicable Law and provide Pluto (or such member of the Pluto Group) with an official receipt confirming such payment (where it is common practice for the applicable taxing authority to provide such a receipt). Spinco (or any member of the Spinco Group) shall not be required to “gross up” any amounts invoiced to Spinco to account for, or otherwise compensate Pluto (or any member of the Pluto Group) for, any Taxes that are required to be withheld under applicable Law. Pluto shall reasonably cooperate with Spinco to determine whether any such withholding applies to the Services, and if so, shall further cooperate to minimize applicable withholding Taxes. Each Party shall, and shall cause the applicable members of its Group to, provide the other Party and the applicable members of its Group with any reasonable cooperation or assistance as may be necessary to enable the other Party and such members of its Group to claim exemption from, or a reduction in the rate of, any withholding Taxes (including, without limitation, pursuant to any applicable double taxation or similar treaty), to receive a refund of such withholding Taxes or to claim a Tax credit therefor.

 

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(d) Where a Party or any member of its Group is required by this Agreement to reimburse or indemnify the other Party or any member of its Group for any cost or expense (including Out-of-Pocket Costs), the reimbursing or indemnifying Party (or the applicable member of its Group) shall reimburse or indemnify the other Party (or the applicable member of its Group) for the full amount of the cost or expense, inclusive of any amounts in respect of VAT imposed on that amount to the extent properly reflected on a valid invoice, except to the extent that the reimbursed or indemnified Party reasonably determines that it (or such member of its Group), or a member of the same group as it (or such member of its Group) for VAT purposes, is entitled to credit for or repayment of that VAT from any relevant taxing authority.

(e) For purposes of this Agreement, and except as otherwise specifically provided in this Agreement, Tax matters shall be exclusively governed by the Tax Matters Agreement, and in the event of any inconsistency between the Tax Matters Agreement and this Agreement with respect to Tax matters, the Tax Matters Agreement shall control.

Section 3.3 Payment Terms. On a monthly basis by the fifth (5th) day of each month of the Term (other than the first month of the Term), Pluto shall invoice Spinco for the Service Fee for each of the Services provided in the prior month, plus the Cost-Plus Charge and, if applicable, Extension Charge for such month, and, if applicable, any Out-of-Pocket Costs incurred, which invoice shall also set forth in reasonable detail a description of the Services rendered in the applicable month. Subject to any dispute, Spinco shall pay Pluto all amounts due under any invoice within sixty (60) days from the date that Spinco receives such invoice. All such invoices shall be delivered to Spinco at [●], Attention: [●], or as Spinco shall later designate by written notice to Pluto. Any correspondence or payments concerning such invoices shall be made to Pluto at [●], Attention: [●], or as Pluto shall later designate by written notice to Spinco. Any dispute regarding invoiced amounts shall be resolved in accordance with Article VIII; provided that Spinco may withhold payment of any such amounts to the extent such amounts both (x) are disputed in good faith pending resolution of such dispute and (y) represent more than ten percent (10%) of the total amount set forth on the applicable invoice; provided further that, for the avoidance of doubt, the payment of any disputed amount that represents ten percent (10%) or less of the total amount set forth on the applicable invoice shall not result in a waiver of or otherwise prejudice Spinco’s right to dispute such amount. There shall be no right of set-off or counterclaim with respect to any claim, debt or obligation against payments to Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group under this Agreement; provided that Pluto may net any amount payable to Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group under this Agreement against any amount that Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group is obligated to pay or transmit to Spinco or any member of the Spinco Group pursuant to the Services. Unless otherwise specified by Pluto, all amounts payable by Spinco or any member of the Spinco Group to Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group under this Agreement shall be paid directly from Spinco to Pluto.

Section 3.4 Interest. Any amounts billed or otherwise invoiced or demanded and properly payable pursuant to Section 3.3 that are not paid within thirty (30) days of the due date therefor pursuant to this Agreement shall accrue interest from such due date at a rate per annum equal to the Prime Rate through the date of actual payment.

 

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ARTICLE IV

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Section 4.1 Ownership of Intellectual Property.

(a) Except as expressly provided in Section 4.1(b), no license, title, ownership or other Intellectual Property or proprietary rights are transferred to Spinco, any member of the Spinco Group or any of its or their Representatives pursuant to this Agreement, and Pluto retains all such rights, title, ownership and other interest in its Information Systems, platforms, applications and all other Software, hardware, systems and resources it uses to provide the Services. Except as expressly provided in Section 4.1(b), no license, title, ownership or other Intellectual Property or proprietary rights are transferred to Pluto, any member of the Pluto Group or any of its or their Subcontractors or other Representatives pursuant to this Agreement, and Spinco retains all such rights, title, ownership and other interest in its Information Systems, platforms, applications and all other Software, hardware, systems and resources it uses to receive the Services. Except as expressly provided in Section 4.1(b), as between the Parties, each Party shall be the sole and exclusive owner of, and nothing in this Agreement shall be deemed to grant the other Party, any member of its Group or any of its or their Representatives, any right, title, license, leasehold or other interest in or to any Intellectual Property, ideas, concepts, techniques, inventions, processes, systems, works of authorship, facilities, floor space, resources, special programs, functionalities, interfaces, computer hardware or Software, documentation or other work product developed, created, modified, improved, used or relied upon by such Party, any member of its Group or any of its or their Representatives in connection with the Services or the performance of such Party’s obligations hereunder and, for clarity, no such items shall be considered a work made for hire within the meaning of Title 17 of the United States Code.

(b) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in Section 4.1(a), all information, records, data, reports and deliverables to the extent relating to the Spinco Business that are generated, collected, stored, processed or created by or on behalf of the Spinco Group pursuant to a Service shall be owned by Spinco (“Spinco Business Data”), except that Pluto shall own all information, records, data, reports and deliverables generated, collected, stored, processed or created in providing the Services to the extent related to the operation of the Retained Businesses or the Excluded Assets. Upon Spinco’s request, Pluto shall provide a description of any Spinco Business Data resulting from the provision of a Service. If requested by Spinco within a reasonable time following termination or expiration of this Agreement, Pluto shall use commercially reasonable efforts to deliver to Spinco, in the format then maintained by Pluto, any such Spinco Business Data in its possession and stored electronically on its Information Systems (and not previously transferred to Spinco); provided that Pluto may retain one (1) copy of such Spinco Business Data for legal and compliance purposes.

(c) To the extent that any right, title or interest in, to or under any Intellectual Property (including data) vests in either Party or its Group, by operation of law or otherwise, in contravention of Section 4.1(a) or Section 4.1(b), such Party (the “Assigning Party”) hereby assigns, and shall cause the applicable members of its Group to assign, perpetually and irrevocably, to the other Party or its designee (the “Assignee Party”) all such right, title and interest throughout the world in, to and under such Intellectual Property, free and clear of all Liens and other

 

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encumbrances, without the need for any further action by any Party or the applicable members of its Group and hereby waives, and shall cause the applicable members of its Group to waive, any ownership in the foregoing in favor of the Assignee Party if such assignment does not take effect immediately for any reason. The Assigning Party shall, and shall cause the applicable members of its Group to, execute any and all assignments and other documents necessary to perfect, register or record the Assignee Party’s right, title, and interest in, to and under such Intellectual Property. The Assigning Party further agrees to, and shall cause the applicable members of its Group to, execute all further documents and assignments and take all further actions as may be necessary to perfect the Assignee Party’s title to such Intellectual Property or to register such Assignee Party as the exclusive owner of any applicable registrable rights.

(d) Except as set forth in Section 4.1(a) and Section 4.1(b), the members of the Pluto Group, on the one hand, and the members of the Spinco Group, on the other hand, retain all right, title and interest in, to and under their respective Intellectual Property, and except as set forth in Section 4.2(a) and Section 4.2(b), no license or other right, express or implied, is granted to either Party or its Group with respect to the other Party’s or its Group’s Intellectual Property under this Agreement.

(e) The Parties agree that neither Party or its Group will remove any trademark or copyright notices, proprietary markings, trademarks or other indicia of ownership of the other Party or its Group from any materials of the other Party or its Group, except as required by the Separation Agreement.

Section 4.2 License Grants.

(a) Subject to Section 2.6 and the other terms and conditions of this Agreement, Pluto, on behalf of itself and the other members of the Pluto Group, hereby grants to Spinco and the other members of the Spinco Group a worldwide, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable, non-transferable (except as provided in Section 9.4), royalty-free and fully paid-up, limited license to use Intellectual Property to the extent licensable by the Pluto Group and used by the Pluto Group in connection with providing the Services, solely for the purpose of, and solely to the extent and for the duration required for, the Spinco Group to receive the Services during the Term.

(b) Subject to Section 2.6 and the other terms and conditions of this Agreement, Spinco, on behalf of itself and the other members of the Spinco Group, hereby grants to Pluto and the other members of the Pluto Group a worldwide, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable, non-transferable (except as provided in Section 9.4), royalty-free and fully paid-up, limited license to use Intellectual Property to the extent licensable by the Spinco Group solely for the purpose of, and solely to the extent and for the duration required for, the Pluto Group and its Subcontractors to provide the Services during the Term.

(c) The licenses granted in this Section 4.2 shall expire upon the earlier of the expiration of the Term or the end of the Service Period for the applicable Service subject to such license (or, if earlier, the date on which the Service subject to such license is terminated in accordance with this Agreement).

 

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ARTICLE V

INDEMNIFICATION AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY

Section 5.1 Indemnification.

(a) Subject to the provisions of this Article V, and notwithstanding anything to the contrary in, and without limiting the indemnification provisions set forth in, the Separation Agreement, the Business Combination Agreement or any other Ancillary Agreement, Pluto agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Spinco and the applicable members of the Spinco Group (collectively, the “Spinco Indemnified Parties”) from and against any and all Losses that any such Spinco Indemnified Party suffers or incurs to the extent resulting from (i) the gross negligence, fraud or willful misconduct of Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group in connection with this Agreement (including the provision of the Services) or (ii) a material breach by Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group of any covenant or agreement contained in this Agreement.

(b) Subject to the provisions of this Article V, and notwithstanding anything to the contrary in, and without limiting the indemnification provisions set forth in, the Separation Agreement, the Business Combination Agreement or any other Ancillary Agreement, Spinco agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Pluto and the applicable members of the Pluto Group (collectively, the “Pluto Indemnified Parties”) from and against any and all Losses that any such Pluto Indemnified Party suffers or incurs to the extent resulting from (i) the provision (or use by the Spinco Group) of the Services, except to the extent that such Losses result from (x) the gross negligence, fraud or willful misconduct of Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group in connection with this Agreement (including the provision of the Services) or (y) a material breach by Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group of any covenant or agreement contained in this Agreement, or (ii) a material breach by Spinco or any member of the Spinco Group of any covenant or agreement contained in this Agreement.

Section 5.2 Indemnification Procedures. Subject to the provisions of this Article V, Sections 4.04, 4.05, 4.06, 4.07, 4.08 and 4.10 of the Separation Agreement shall govern, mutatis mutandis, claims for indemnification under this Article V.

Section 5.3 Sole Remedy/Waiver. From and after the Effective Date, recovery pursuant to this Article V shall constitute the Parties’ sole and exclusive remedy for any and all Losses relating to or arising from this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby, and each Party hereby waives and releases, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Law, any and all other rights, remedies, claims and causes of action (including rights of contributions, if any), whether in contract, tort or otherwise, known or unknown, foreseen or unforeseen, which exist or may arise in the future, arising under or based upon any federal, state, local or foreign Law that any Party may have against the other Party in respect of any breach of this Agreement; provided, however, that the foregoing shall not deny (a) any Party equitable remedies (including injunctive relief or specific performance) when any such remedy is otherwise available under this Agreement or applicable Law or (b) any Party or its Affiliates any remedies under the Business Combination Agreement, the Separation Agreement or any other Ancillary Agreement, and the foregoing shall not interfere with or impede the resolution of disputes pursuant to Article VIII.

 

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Section 5.4 Mitigation; Limitation on Liability.

(a) Mitigation. The common law principles of the State of Delaware with respect to the mitigation of damages shall apply to this Agreement.

(b) Limitation of Liability for Service Noncompliance. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein or in the Separation Agreement, the Business Combination Agreement or any other Ancillary Agreement, Pluto’s maximum liability to, and (except with respect to claims seeking specific performance or other equitable relief) the sole remedy of, Spinco for Service Noncompliance shall be the sum of (i) a refund of the aggregate amount of Service Fees actually paid to Pluto under this Agreement for the applicable Service and (ii) (A) if Spinco performs the applicable Service itself, Spinco’s incremental cost of performing such Service itself or (B) if Spinco obtains the applicable Service from a third party, Spinco’s incremental cost of obtaining such Service from such third party; provided that, in each case, Spinco shall exercise its commercially reasonable efforts under the circumstances to minimize the cost of any such alternatives to the applicable Service by selecting the most reasonably available cost-effective alternatives which provide the functional equivalent of the Service being replaced. Spinco agrees that the receipt by any member of the Spinco Group of the Services shall be an unqualified acceptance of, and a waiver by, Spinco and the members of the Spinco Group of its and their rights to assert any claim with respect to Service Noncompliance unless Spinco gives written notice of such Service Noncompliance to Pluto within the later of (i) forty-five (45) days after the date on which Spinco became aware of the facts, events, occurrences or circumstances underlying such claim or (ii) seventy-five (75) days after receipt of the applicable Service by Spinco or the applicable member of the Spinco Group; provided that in no event shall Spinco be entitled to give notice of Service Noncompliance more than twelve (12) months after receipt of the applicable Service by any member of the Spinco Group.

(c) General Limitation of Liability. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, except for gross negligence, fraud or willful misconduct, in no event shall the Pluto Group’s liability for any claim under Section 5.1 or otherwise in connection with this Agreement or the Services exceed the aggregate Service Fees (and Cost-Plus Charges and, if applicable, Extension Charges thereon), paid in respect of the twenty-four (24) calendar month period prior to the date on which the event giving rise to the claim occurred (or, (i) if such event occurred prior to the second anniversary of the Effective Date and after the first anniversary of the Effective Date, the Service Fees (and Cost-Plus Charges thereon) paid in respect of the twelve (12) calendar month period prior to the date on which such event occurred multiplied by two (2) and (ii) if such event occurred prior to the first anniversary of the Effective Date, the Services Fees (and Cost-Plus Charges thereon) paid in respect of the month prior to the date on which such event occurred multiplied by twelve (12)).

(d) Special Damages. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER PROVISION OF THIS AGREEMENT, THE SEPARATION AGREEMENT, THE BUSINESS COMBINATION AGREEMENT OR ANY OTHER ANCILLARY AGREEMENT TO THE CONTRARY, IN NO EVENT WILL EITHER PARTY OR ANY OF ITS GROUP MEMBERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, COLLATERAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES, LOST PROFITS SUFFERED OR SIMILAR ITEMS (INCLUDING LOSS OF REVENUE, INCOME OR PROFITS, DIMINUTION OF

 

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VALUE OR LOSS OF BUSINESS REPUTATION OR OPPORTUNITY), OR DAMAGES CALCULATED ON MULTIPLES OF EARNINGS OR OTHER METRIC APPROACHES, BY AN INDEMNIFIED PARTY, HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, IN CONNECTION WITH ANY DAMAGES ARISING HEREUNDER OR THEREUNDER; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT TO THE EXTENT AN INDEMNIFIED PARTY IS REQUIRED TO PAY ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, COLLATERAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES, LOST PROFITS OR SIMILAR ITEMS, OR DAMAGES CALCULATED ON MULTIPLES OF EARNINGS OR OTHER METRIC APPROACHES TO A PERSON WHO IS NOT A MEMBER OF EITHER GROUP IN CONNECTION WITH A THIRD PARTY CLAIM, SUCH DAMAGES WILL CONSTITUTE DIRECT DAMAGES AND NOT BE SUBJECT TO THE LIMITATION SET FORTH IN THIS SECTION 5.4(D).

(e) EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE EXPRESSLY PROVIDED IN THIS AGREEMENT, EACH PARTY ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES THAT ALL SERVICES ARE PROVIDED ON AN “AS-IS” BASIS AND THAT PLUTO AND THE MEMBERS OF THE PLUTO GROUP MAKE NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THIS AGREEMENT, THE SERVICES TO BE PROVIDED UNDER THIS AGREEMENT OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, SUITABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY FIRMWARE, SOFTWARE OR HARDWARE PROVIDED OR USED HEREUNDER, AND ANY REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES ARISING FROM COURSE OF DEALING, COURSE OF PERFORMANCE OR TRADE USAGE, AND ALL SUCH REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES ARE HEREBY EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED.

ARTICLE VI

CONFIDENTIALITY

Section 6.1 Confidentiality. The confidentiality obligations of the Parties and their respective Groups with respect to disclosures of information hereunder shall be governed, mutatis mutandis, by Section 6.08, Section 6.09 and Section 6.10 of the Separation Agreement.

ARTICLE VII

TERM; TERMINATION

Section 7.1 Term. The term of this Agreement (the “Term”) will commence on the Effective Date and end on the earlier to occur of (a) the last date on which Pluto is obligated to provide any Service to the Spinco Group pursuant to this Agreement, (b) the termination of this Agreement pursuant to Section 7.2 and (c) the mutual written agreement of the Parties to terminate this Agreement (and all Services hereunder) in its entirety.

 

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Section 7.2 Termination. Either Party (the “Non-Breaching Party”) may (subject to Section 2.2) terminate this Agreement at any time upon prior written notice to the other Party (the “Breaching Party”) if the Breaching Party has materially breached or materially failed (other than pursuant to Section 9.14) to perform any of its covenants or agreements under this Agreement, and such breach or failure shall have continued without cure for a period of forty-five (45) days after receipt by the Breaching Party of a written notice of such failure from the Non-Breaching Party seeking to terminate this Agreement; provided that non-payment by the Spinco Group for a Service provided by the Pluto Group in accordance with this Agreement shall be deemed a material breach of and material failure to perform Spinco’s covenants and agreements for purposes of this Agreement if such non-payment is not cured within thirty (30) days following receipt of notice thereof.

Section 7.3 Effect of Termination. Upon the expiration or termination of this Agreement pursuant to this Article VII, this Agreement shall cease to have further force and effect, and neither Party shall have any liability or obligation to the other Party with respect to this Agreement; provided that:

(a) termination or expiration of this Agreement for any reason shall not release a Party from any liability or obligation that already has accrued as of the effective date of such termination or expiration, as applicable, or which may arise out of or in connection with such termination or expiration (including any Out-of-Pocket Costs); and

(b) Article I (Definitions), Section 2.7 (Transition Representatives), Section 2.9 (Independent Contractor), Section 4.1 (Ownership of Intellectual Property), Article V (Indemnification and Limitation of Liability), Article VI (Confidentiality), this Section 7.3 (Effect of Termination), Article VIII (Dispute Resolution) and Article IX (Miscellaneous) shall survive any termination or expiration of this Agreement and shall remain in full force and effect.

ARTICLE VIII

DISPUTE RESOLUTION

Section 8.1 Dispute Resolution. The Parties shall attempt to resolve any dispute arising out of or in connection with this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby as follows:

(a) The Parties shall cooperate in good faith to resolve all disputes on a local level, through their respective Service Functional Leads and Transition Representatives, and shall use commercially reasonable efforts to initiate such efforts within five (5) Business Days after receipt of notice of any such dispute. If such Service Functional Leads and Transition Representatives are unable to resolve the dispute within fifteen (15) Business Days, either Party may refer the dispute for resolution to the Senior Managers upon notice to the other Party.

(b) Within five (5) Business Days of a notice under Section 8.1(a) referring a dispute for resolution by the Senior Managers, each Party’s Transition Representative (or other employees) shall prepare and provide to its Senior Manager summaries of the relevant information and background of the dispute, along with any appropriate supporting documentation. The Senior Managers will confer as often as they deem reasonably necessary in order to gather and exchange information, discuss the dispute and negotiate in good faith in an effort to resolve the dispute without the need for any formal proceedings.

 

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(c) If the Parties are not able to resolve any dispute through the escalation process set forth in Section 8.1(a) or Section 8.1(b) within thirty (30) days after the receipt by a Party of a notice under Section 8.1(a) referring such dispute to the Senior Managers, then either Party shall have the right to refer such dispute to mediation by providing written notice to the other Party in accordance with procedures set forth in Section 7.02(b) of the Separation Agreement, and, following compliance with such procedures, may submit such dispute to any court of competent jurisdiction in accordance with Section 7.03 and Section 7.04 of the Separation Agreement, which Sections 7.02(b), 7.03 and 7.04 shall apply mutatis mutandis to this Article VIII.

ARTICLE IX

MISCELLANEOUS

Section 9.1 Notices. All notices and other communications between the Parties shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly given (a) when delivered in person, (b) when delivered after posting in the national mail having been sent registered or certified mail return receipt requested, postage prepaid, (c) when delivered by FedEx or other internationally recognized overnight delivery service or (d) when delivered by facsimile (solely if receipt is confirmed) or email (so long as the sender of such email does not receive an automatic reply from the recipient’s email server indicating that the recipient did not receive such email), addressed as follows:

If to Pluto, to:

Pluto Inc.

235 East 42nd Street

New York, New York 10017

Attention: General Counsel

[Email: [●]]

If to Spinco, to:

Spinco

[Address]

Attention: [●]

[Email: [●]]

or to such other address or addresses as the Parties may from time to time designate in writing by like notice.

Section 9.2 Amendments and Waivers. No provisions of this Agreement shall be deemed waived, amended, supplemented or modified by either Party, unless such waiver, amendment, supplement or modification is in writing and signed by the authorized representative of the Party against whom it is sought to enforce such waiver, amendment, supplement or modification; provided that any Exhibit or Schedule to this Agreement may be amended, supplemented or modified from time to time (for clarity, without the need for a formal written amendment signed by the Parties) to reflect changes agreed by the Parties’ respective Transition Representatives in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and the Transition Plan (including to reflect changes in the provision of the Services pursuant to Section 2.3, the addition of Omitted Services pursuant to Section 2.4 or changes to the Service Fees pursuant to Section 2.3, Section 2.4, Section 2.6 or Section 3.1(e)).

 

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Section 9.3 Governing Law Jurisdiction; WAIVER OF JURY TRIAL.

(a) This Agreement and all Actions (whether in contract or tort) that may be based upon, arise out of or relate to this Agreement or the negotiation, execution or performance hereof shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the Law of the State of Delaware, without regard to the choice of law or conflicts of law principles thereof. The Parties expressly waive any right they may have, now or in the future, to demand or seek the application of a governing Law other than the Law of the State of Delaware.

(b) Subject to the provisions of Article VIII, each of the Parties hereby irrevocably and unconditionally submits, for itself and its property, to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or, if such court shall not have jurisdiction, any federal court of the United States of America sitting in Delaware, and any appellate court from any appeal thereof, in any Action arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby, and each of the Parties hereby irrevocably and unconditionally (i) agrees not to commence any such Action except in such courts, (ii) agrees that any claim in respect of any such Action may be heard and determined in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or, to the extent permitted by Law, in such federal court, (iii) waives, to the fullest extent it may legally and effectively do so, any objection which it may now or hereafter have to the laying of venue of any such Action in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or such federal court, (iv) waives, to the fullest extent permitted by Law, the defense of an inconvenient forum to the maintenance of such Action in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or such federal court and (v) consents to service of process in the manner provided for notices in Section 9.1. Nothing in this Agreement will affect the right of any Party to serve process in any other manner permitted by Law.

(c) EACH PARTY ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES THAT ANY CONTROVERSY WHICH MAY ARISE UNDER THIS AGREEMENT IS LIKELY TO INVOLVE COMPLICATED AND DIFFICULT ISSUES, AND THEREFORE IT HEREBY IRREVOCABLY AND UNCONDITIONALLY WAIVES ANY RIGHT IT MAY HAVE TO A TRIAL BY JURY IN RESPECT OF ANY LITIGATION DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT OR THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED HEREBY. EACH PARTY CERTIFIES AND ACKNOWLEDGES THAT (I) NO REPRESENTATIVE, AGENT OR ATTORNEY OF ANY OTHER PARTY HAS REPRESENTED, EXPRESSLY OR OTHERWISE, THAT SUCH OTHER PARTY WOULD NOT, IN THE EVENT OF LITIGATION, SEEK TO ENFORCE EITHER OF SUCH WAIVERS, (II) IT UNDERSTANDS AND HAS CONSIDERED THE IMPLICATIONS OF SUCH WAIVERS, (III) IT MAKES SUCH WAIVERS VOLUNTARILY AND (IV) IT HAS BEEN INDUCED TO ENTER INTO THIS AGREEMENT BY, AMONG OTHER THINGS, THE MUTUAL WAIVERS AND CERTIFICATIONS IN THIS SECTION 9.3(C).

 

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Section 9.4 Assignment; Parties in Interest.

(a) Except as provided in Section 9.4(b) and Section 9.4(c), neither Party may assign its rights or delegate its duties under this Agreement without the written consent of the other Party. Any attempted assignment or delegation in breach of this Section 9.4 shall be null and void. This Agreement shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the Parties and their respective permitted successors and assigns. Nothing expressed or implied in this Agreement is intended or shall be construed to confer upon or give any Person, other than the Parties, any rights or remedies under or by reason of this Agreement, except for the indemnification rights under this Agreement of any Pluto Indemnified Party or Spinco Indemnified Party in their respective capacities as such (which is intended to be for the benefit of the Persons covered thereby and may be enforced by such Persons).

(b) Either Party may assign its rights and obligations under this Agreement to one or more members of its Group without the other Party’s consent; provided that such member remains at all times during the Term a member of such Party’s Group; provided, further, that no such assignment shall release such Party from its obligations under this Agreement.

(c) Pluto shall have the right to assign this Agreement or any rights or obligations under this Agreement (i) to any Subcontractor; provided that no such assignment shall release Pluto from its obligations under this Agreement, and (ii) to any third party in connection with the sale, transfer or other disposal by Pluto or any of its Affiliates of businesses or operations that provide Services under this Agreement.

Section 9.5 Captions; Counterparts. The captions in this Agreement are for convenience only and shall not be considered a part of or affect the construction or interpretation of any provision of this Agreement. This Agreement may be executed in two (2) or more counterparts (including by electronic or .pdf transmission), each of which shall be deemed an original, but all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument. Delivery of any signature page by facsimile, electronic or .pdf transmission shall be binding to the same extent as an original signature page.

Section 9.6 Entire Agreement; Conflicting Agreements.

(a) This Agreement, the other Ancillary Agreements, the Separation Agreement and the Business Combination Agreement, including any related annexes, Exhibits and Schedules, as well as any other agreements and documents referred to herein and therein, shall together constitute the entire agreement between the Parties relating to the transactions contemplated hereby and supersede any other agreements, whether written or oral, that may have been made or entered into by or among any of the Parties or any of their respective Affiliates relating to the transactions contemplated hereby.

(b) In the event of any inconsistency between this Agreement and any Exhibit or Schedule hereto with respect to any applicable Service, this Agreement shall control with respect to such Service unless explicitly provided for otherwise in such Exhibit or Schedule. In the event and to the extent that there shall be a conflict between the provisions of this Agreement and the provisions of the Separation Agreement, this Agreement shall control with respect to the subject matter hereof, and the Separation Agreement shall control with respect to all other matters.

 

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Section 9.7 Severability. If any provision of this Agreement, or the application of any provision to any Person or circumstance, is held invalid or unenforceable by any court of competent jurisdiction, the other provisions of this Agreement shall remain in full force and effect. The Parties further agree that if any provision contained herein is, to any extent, held invalid or unenforceable in any respect under the Laws governing this Agreement, they shall take any actions necessary to render the remaining provisions of this Agreement valid and enforceable to the fullest extent permitted by Law and, to the extent necessary, shall amend or otherwise modify this Agreement to replace any provision contained herein that is held invalid or unenforceable with a valid and enforceable provision giving effect to the intent of the Parties.

Section 9.8 Specific Performance. Subject to the provisions of Article VIII, in the event of any actual or threatened default in, or breach of, any of the terms, conditions and provisions of this Agreement, the Party who is, or is to be, thereby aggrieved shall have the right to specific performance and injunctive or other equitable relief in respect of its rights under this Agreement. The Parties agree that the remedies at law for any breach or threatened breach, including monetary damages, are inadequate compensation for any loss hereunder and that any defense in any Action for specific performance that a remedy at law would be adequate is waived. Any requirements for the securing or posting of any bond with such remedy are waived by each of the Parties.

Section 9.9 No Set-Off. Except as expressly provided in this Agreement or as otherwise mutually agreed to in writing by the Parties, neither Party nor any member of its Group shall have any right of set-off or other similar rights with respect to any amount required to be paid under this Agreement by such Party or such member of its Group, on the one hand, to the other Party or any member of such other Partys Group, on the other hand.

Section 9.10 Waivers of Default. Waiver by any Party of any default by the other Party of any provision of this Agreement shall not be deemed a waiver by the waiving Party of any subsequent or other default, nor shall it prejudice the rights of the other Party. No failure or delay by a Party in exercising any right, power or privilege under this Agreement shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall a single or partial exercise thereof prejudice any other or further exercise thereof or the exercise of any other right, power or privilege.

Section 9.11 Interpretation.

(a) Unless the context of this Agreement otherwise requires:

(i) (A) words of any gender include each other gender and neuter form; (B) words using the singular or plural number also include the plural or singular number, respectively; (C) derivative forms of defined terms will have correlative meanings; (D) the terms “hereof,” “herein,” “hereby,” “hereto,” “herewith,” “hereunder” and derivative or similar words refer to this entire Agreement; (E) the terms “Article,” “Section,” “Exhibit,” and “Schedule” refer to the specified Article, Section, Exhibit or Schedule of this Agreement and references to “paragraphs” or “clauses” shall be to separate paragraphs or clauses of the Section or subsection in which the reference occurs; (F) the words “include,” “includes” and “including” shall be deemed to be followed by the phrase “without limitation”; (G) the word “or” shall be disjunctive but not exclusive; and (H) the word “from” (when used in reference to a period of time) means “from and including” and the word “through” (when used in reference to a period of time) means “through and including”;

 

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(ii) references to any federal, state, local, or foreign statute or Law shall (A) include all rules and regulations promulgated thereunder and (B) be to that statute or Law as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time; and

(iii) references to any Person include references to such Person’s successors and permitted assigns, and in the case of any Governmental Authority, to any Person succeeding to its functions and capacities.

(b) The language used in this Agreement shall be deemed to be the language chosen by the Parties to express their mutual intent. The Parties acknowledge that each Party and its attorney has reviewed and participated in the drafting of this Agreement and that any rule of construction to the effect that any ambiguities are to be resolved against the drafting Party, or any similar rule operating against the drafter of an agreement, shall not be applicable to the construction or interpretation of this Agreement.

(c) Whenever this Agreement refers to a number of days, such number shall refer to calendar days unless Business Days are specified. If any action is to be taken or given on or by a particular calendar day, and such calendar day is not a Business Day, then such action may be deferred until the next Business Day.

(d) The phrase “to the extent” shall mean the degree to which a subject or other thing extends, and such phrase shall not mean simply “if.”

(e) The terms “writing,” “written” and comparable terms refer to printing, typing and other means of reproducing words (including electronic media) in a visible form.

(f) All monetary figures shall be in United States dollars unless otherwise specified.

Section 9.12 Fulfillment of Obligations. Any obligation of any Party to any other Party under this Agreement, which obligation is performed, satisfied or fulfilled by an Affiliate of such Party or member of such Party’s Group or any of its or their Subcontractors, shall be deemed to have been performed, satisfied or fulfilled by such Party.

Section 9.13 Affiliate or Group Status. To the extent that a Party is required hereunder to take certain action with respect to entities designated in this Agreement as such Party’s Affiliates or members of such Party’s Group, such obligation shall apply to such entities only during such period of time that such entities are Affiliates of such Party or members of such Party’s Group, as applicable. To the extent that this Agreement requires an Affiliate of a Party or a member of a Party’s Group to take or omit to take any action, such obligation includes the obligation of such Party to cause such Affiliate or member of its Group to take or omit to take such action.

 

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Section 9.14 Force Majeure. Except for payment of amounts due, neither Party shall be liable for any failure to perform or any delay in performing, and neither Party shall be deemed to be in breach or default of any of its covenants, agreements or obligations set forth in this Agreement, if, to the extent and for so long as such failure, delay, breach or default is due to any force majeure, including but not limited to natural disasters, pandemics or other weather-related or natural conditions, the commencement, occurrence, continuation or intensification of any war (whether or not declared), sabotage, armed hostilities, civil unrest, military attacks or acts of terrorism (including cyberattack or otherwise) or declaration of national emergency, civil disturbance, strike, lockout, slowdown, riot, energy shortage, embargo, acts of any Governmental Authority, systems failure, malfunction or disruption, internet, electrical, power or other utilities failure, malfunction or disruption, or any other event, cause or occurrence beyond its reasonable control (a “Force Majeure”). In the event of any such Force Majeure, the affected Party’s covenants, agreements and obligations under this Agreement that are excused under this Section 9.14 shall be postponed for such time as its performance is suspended or delayed on account thereof; provided that each Party shall use commercially reasonable efforts to minimize the effect of any such event. Such Party will promptly notify the other Party in writing upon learning of the occurrence of any such event. Upon the cessation of such event, the affected Party will use commercially reasonable efforts to resume its performance with the least practicable delay. For clarity, in the event of any such suspension or delay, the period for performance shall be extended for a period equal to the time lost by reason of such suspension or delay.

Section 9.15 Local Country Agreements. Where required by Pluto or Spinco to comply with applicable Law with respect to a country in connection with this Agreement, or as otherwise mutually agreed by the Parties, each Party shall cause the applicable member of its Group to enter into a local country agreement (“LCA”) substantially in the form set forth in Exhibit D, with respect to such jurisdiction and solely to the extent necessary to provide for such compliance. Notwithstanding the foregoing, each of the Parties shall cause the applicable members of their respective Groups receiving or providing Services in such countries to comply with this Agreement. Each Party shall be fully responsible and liable for all obligations of the members of its Group under an LCA (unless otherwise expressly set forth therein) and shall have the right to enforce this Agreement (including the terms of all LCAs) on behalf of each member of its Group that enters into an LCA, and to assert all rights and exercise and receive the benefits of all remedies of each such member of its Group hereunder, to the same extent as if such Party were such member of its Group. For clarity, the amounts paid pursuant to this Agreement and any LCA shall apply in aggregate across this Agreement and the LCAs. Pluto shall have no right to receive payment more than once for the same Service Fee or other cost or expense.

[Signature page follows]

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Parties have duly executed this Agreement as of the date first written above.

 

PFIZER INC.
By:  

 

  Name:
  Title:
UPJOHN INC.
By:  

 

  Name:
  Title:

 

 

EX-2.7

Exhibit 2.7

FINAL VERSION

FORM OF

TAX MATTERS AGREEMENT

by and between

Pfizer Inc.

as Pluto

and

Upjohn Inc.

as Spinco

Dated as of []


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

          PAGE  

SECTION 1.

   Definitions of Terms      1  

Section 1.01.

   Definitions      1  

SECTION 2.

   Indemnification      12  

Section 2.01.

   Indemnification for Taxes and Tax-Related Losses      12  

Section 2.02.

   Indemnification Payments      12  

Section 2.03.

   Limitation on Liability for Non-Income Taxes      13  

SECTION 3.

   Allocation of Tax Liabilities and other Tax Matters      13  

Section 3.01.

   Allocation of Tax-Related Losses      13  

Section 3.02.

   General Rule for Allocation of Taxes      14  

Section 3.03.

   Other Spinco Liability      14  

Section 3.04.

   Other Pluto Liability      15  

Section 3.05.

   Allocation of Taxes According to Relative Fault      15  

Section 3.06.

   Employment Taxes; Certain Deductions      15  

Section 3.07.

   Determination of Tax Attributable to the Spinco Business      16  

SECTION 4.

   Preparation and Filing of Tax Returns      17  

Section 4.01.

   Pluto Responsibility      17  

Section 4.02.

   Spinco Responsibility      17  

Section 4.03.

   Tax Returns for Certain Transfer Taxes      17  

Section 4.04.

   Tax Payments for Tax Returns      18  

Section 4.05.

   Tax Reporting Practices      18  

Section 4.06.

   Consolidated or Combined Tax Returns      18  

Section 4.07.

   Right to Review Tax Returns      18  

Section 4.08.

   Spinco Carrybacks and Claims for Refund      19  

Section 4.09.

   Apportioned Tax Attributes      19  

SECTION 5.

   Tax Refunds      20  

Section 5.01.

   Tax Benefits      20  

SECTION 6.

   Tax-Free Status      20  

Section 6.01.

   Representations and Warranties      20  

Section 6.02.

   Spinco Covenants      21  

Section 6.03.

   Restricted Actions      21  

Section 6.04.

   Procedures Regarding Legal Comfort      23  

Section 6.05.

   Protective 336(e) Election      24  

Section 6.06.

   Tax Grants      24  

 

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SECTION 7.

   Assistance and Cooperation      25  

Section 7.01.

   Assistance and Cooperation      25  

Section 7.02.

   Delayed Market Tax Costs      26  

SECTION 8.

   Tax Records      26  

Section 8.01.

   Retention of Tax Records      26  

Section 8.02.

   Access to Pre-Distribution Tax Records      27  

Section 8.03.

   Preservation of Privilege      27  

SECTION 9.

   Tax Contests      28  

Section 9.01.

   Notice      28  

Section 9.02.

   Control of Tax Contests      28  

SECTION 10.

   Effective Date      29  

SECTION 11.

   Survival of Obligations      29  

SECTION 12.

   Disagreements      29  

Section 12.01.

   General      29  

Section 12.02.

   Escalation      29  

Section 12.03.

   Referral to Tax Advisor for Technical Disputes      30  

Section 12.04.

   Certain Interactions      31  

SECTION 13.

   Late Payments      31  

SECTION 14.

   Expenses      31  

SECTION 15.

   Miscellaneous      31  

Section 15.01.

   Addresses and Notices      31  

Section 15.02.

   Amendments and Waivers      33  

Section 15.03.

   Assignment; Parties in Interest      33  

Section 15.04.

   Severability      33  

Section 15.05.

   Authority      33  

Section 15.06.

   Further Action      33  

Section 15.07.

   Entire Agreement      33  

Section 15.08.

   TMA Controls      34  

Section 15.09.

   Construction      34  

Section 15.10.

   No Double Recovery      34  

Section 15.11.

   Counterparts      34  

Section 15.12.

   Governing Law; Jurisdiction      34  

Section 15.13.

   Spinco Subsidiaries      35  

Section 15.14.

   Successors      35  

Section 15.15.

   Specific Performance      36  

 

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Schedule A    Internal Tax-Free Separation Transactions
Schedule B    Specified Post-Distribution Matters
Schedule C    Tax Grants
Schedule D    Delayed Market Transactions
Exhibit A    Separation Plan

 

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TAX MATTERS AGREEMENT

This TAX MATTERS AGREEMENT (this “Agreement”) is entered into as of [●], by and among Pfizer Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Pluto”), and Upjohn Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Spinco”) (collectively the “Companies” or the “Parties” and individually, a “Company” or a “Party”).

RECITALS

WHEREAS, pursuant to the Tax Laws of various jurisdictions, certain members of the Spinco Group currently file certain Tax Returns on an affiliated, consolidated, combined, unitary, fiscal unity or other group basis (including as permitted by Section 1501 of the Code) with certain members of the Pluto Group;

WHEREAS, Pluto and Spinco have entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, dated as of July 29, 2019 (the “Separation and Distribution Agreement”), and Pluto, Spinco, Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., a Delaware corporation and an indirectly wholly owned Subsidiary of Spinco (“Spinco Sub”), Mylan N.V., a public company with limited liability incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands (“Utah”), Mylan I B.V., a company incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands and a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Utah (“Utah Newco”), and Mylan II B.V., a company incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands and a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Utah Newco (“Utah Newco Sub”), have entered into a Business Combination Agreement, dated as of July 29, 2019 (the “Business Combination Agreement”), pursuant to which the Contribution, the Distribution, the Combination and other related transactions will be consummated;

WHEREAS, (i) the Contribution, the Spinco Cash Distribution, and the Distribution and (ii) certain of the transactions included in the Separation Plan are, in each case, intended to qualify for Tax-Free Status; and

WHEREAS, the Parties desire to provide for and agree upon the allocation between the Parties of liabilities for certain Taxes arising prior to, at the time of, and subsequent to the Distribution, and to provide for and agree upon other matters relating to Taxes;

NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual agreements contained herein, the Parties hereby agree as follows:

SECTION 1. DEFINITIONS OF TERMS.

Section 1.01. Definitions. For purposes of this Agreement (including the recitals hereof), the following terms have the following meanings, and capitalized terms used but not otherwise defined herein shall have the meaning ascribed to them in the Separation and Distribution Agreement:

Active Trade or Business” means (i) with respect to Spinco and the Distribution, the Spinco Business, the active conduct (as defined in Section 355(b)(2) of the Code, and taking into account Section 355(b)(3) of the Code and the Treasury


Regulations thereunder) of which Spinco was engaged in immediately prior to the Distribution and (ii) with respect to another Spinco Entity and another Separation Transaction intended to qualify as tax-free pursuant to Section 355 of the Code or analogous provisions of state or local law, the portion of the Spinco Business, the active conduct (as defined in Section 355(b)(2) of the Code and the Treasury Regulations thereunder, or the analogous provisions of state or local law) of which such Spinco Entity was engaged in immediately prior to such Separation Transaction.

Adjustment Request” means any formal or informal claim or request filed with any Tax Authority, or with any administrative agency or court, for the adjustment, refund, or credit of Taxes, including (i) any amended Tax Return claiming adjustment to the Taxes as reported on the Tax Return or, if applicable, as previously adjusted, (ii) any claim for equitable recoupment or other offset, and (iii) any claim for refund or credit of Taxes previously paid.

Affiliate” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Agreed Statement” has the meaning set forth in Section 12.03.

Agreement” means this Tax Matters Agreement.

Apportioned Tax Attributes” means Tax Attributes that are subject to allocation or apportionment between one Person and another Person under applicable Law or by reason of the Separation Transactions.

Apportionment Method” shall mean the apportionment of items between portions of a taxable period as follows: (i) real property, personal property and similar ad valorem Taxes shall be apportioned on the basis of a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of days in the portion of such taxable period beginning on the first day of such taxable period and ending on the Distribution Date, or the number of days beginning on the day after the Distribution Date and ending on the last day of such taxable period, as appropriate, and the denominator of which is the total number of days in such taxable period and (ii) subject to Section 3.07(c), all other Taxes shall be apportioned based on a closing of the books and records on the close of the Distribution Date (in the event that the Distribution Date is not the last day of the taxable period, as if the Distribution Date were the last day of the taxable period).

Business Combination Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the Recitals to this Agreement.

Business Day” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Closing Working Capital” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Code” means the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

 

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Combination” has the meaning set forth in the Business Combination Agreement.

Combination Effective Time” has the same meaning as “Effective Time” as set forth in the Business Combination Agreement.

Combination Transfer Taxes” means any Transfer Taxes incurred in connection with the Combination.

Companies” and “Company” have the meaning provided in the first sentence of this Agreement.

Contribution” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Delayed Market Tax Costs” means any additional net Tax liability (taking into account any additional U.S. or non-U.S. income or non-income Tax and Tax imposed by withholding) incurred by the Spinco Group arising from a Delayed Market Transaction that would not have been imposed but for the assets or liabilities that are transferred in such Delayed Market Transaction not having been transferred for legal purposes on or before the Distribution Date, and including in the calculation of such net Tax liability any Taxes incurred in repatriating cash received in connection with such Delayed Market Transaction from the relevant member of the Spinco Group to (x) Spinco or (y) to the extent there is a corresponding obligation by a member of the Spinco Group to make a cash payment to a member of the Pluto Group, such member of the Spinco Group).

Delayed Market Transaction” means a transaction listed on Schedule D.

DGCL” means the Delaware General Corporation Law.

Dispute” has the meaning set forth in Section 12.

Distribution” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Distribution Date” means the date on which the Distribution occurs.

Employee Matters Agreement” means the Employee Matters Agreement, dated as of [●], by and among Pluto and Spinco.

Employment Tax” means any Tax the liability or responsibility for which is allocated pursuant to the Employee Matters Agreement.

Final Determination” means the final resolution of liability for any Tax, which resolution may be for a specific issue or adjustment or for a taxable period, (i) by IRS Form 870 or 870-AD (or any successor forms thereto), on the date of acceptance by or on behalf of the taxpayer, or by a comparable form under the Laws of a State, local, or foreign taxing jurisdiction, except that a Form 870 or 870-AD or comparable form shall

 

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not constitute a Final Determination to the extent that it reserves (whether by its terms or by operation of Law) the right of the taxpayer to file a claim for refund or the right of the Tax Authority to assert a further deficiency in respect of such issue or adjustment or for such taxable period (as the case may be); (ii) by a decision, judgment, decree, or other order by a court of competent jurisdiction, which has become final and unappealable; (iii) by a closing agreement or accepted offer in compromise under Sections 7121 or 7122 of the Code, or a comparable agreement under the Laws of a State, local, or foreign taxing jurisdiction; (iv) by any allowance of a refund or credit in respect of an overpayment of a Tax, but only after the expiration of all periods during which such refund may be recovered (including by way of offset) by the jurisdiction imposing such Tax; (v) by a final settlement resulting from a treaty-based competent authority determination; or (vi) by any other final disposition, including by reason of the expiration of the applicable statute of limitations or by mutual agreement of the Parties.

Group” means the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group, or both, as the context requires.

Indemnifying Party” means a Party that has an obligation to make an Indemnity Payment.

Indemnified Party” means a Party that is entitled to receive, or whose Affiliate is entitled to receive, an Indemnity Payment.

Indemnity Payment” means any payment arising out of obligations to indemnify under Section 2.01.

Internal Tax-Free Separation Transactions means the Separation Transactions identified on Schedule A as being free from Tax to the extent set forth therein.

IRS” means the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.

Joint Return” means any Tax Return that actually includes, by election or otherwise, one or more members of the Pluto Group together with one or more members of the Spinco Group.

Local Separation Agreements” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Legal Comfort” has the meaning set forth in Section 6.03(b).

Next Day Rule” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.07(c).

Past Practices” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.05(b) of this Agreement.

Payment Date” means (i) with respect to any Pluto Federal Consolidated Income Tax Return, (A) the due date for any required installment of estimated Taxes determined under Section 6655 of the Code, (B) the due date (determined without regard to extensions) for filing of such Tax Return determined under Section 6072 of the Code, or (C) the date such Tax Return is filed, as the case may be, and (ii) with respect to any other Tax Return, the corresponding dates determined under the applicable Tax Law.

 

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Person” means an individual, a partnership, a corporation, a limited liability company, an association, a joint stock company, a trust, a joint venture, an unincorporated organization or a governmental entity or any department, agency or political subdivision thereof, without regard to whether any entity is treated as disregarded for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

Pluto” has the meaning provided in the first sentence of this Agreement.

Pluto Affiliated Group” means the affiliated group (as that term is defined in Section 1504 of the Code and the Treasury Regulations thereunder) of which Pluto is the common parent.

Pluto Business” has the meaning provided in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Pluto Common Stock” has the meaning provided in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Pluto Equity Awards” has the meaning provided in the EMA.

Pluto Federal Consolidated Income Tax Return” means any U.S. federal income Tax Return for the Pluto Affiliated Group.

Pluto Group” means Pluto and its subsidiaries, excluding any entity that is a member of the Spinco Group, as determined immediately after the Distribution.

Pluto Separate Return” means any Tax Return of, or including any member of, the Pluto Group (including any consolidated, combined or unitary Tax Return) that does not include any member of the Spinco Group.

Post-Distribution Period” shall mean any taxable period (or portion thereof) beginning after the Distribution Date.

Pre-Distribution Period” shall mean any taxable period (or portion thereof) ending on or before the Distribution Date.

Pre-Distribution Tax Records has the meaning set forth in Section 8.01.

Preliminary Tax Advisor” has the meaning set forth in Section 12.03.

Prime Rate” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

 

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Privilege” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Proposed Acquisition Transaction” means a transaction or series of transactions (or any agreement, understanding or arrangement, within the meaning of Section 355(e) of the Code and Treasury Regulation Section 1.355-7, or any other Treasury Regulations promulgated thereunder, to enter into a transaction or series of transactions), whether such transaction is supported by Spinco management or shareholders, is a hostile acquisition, or otherwise, as a result of which Spinco would merge or consolidate with any other Person or as a result of which any Person or any group of related Persons would (directly or indirectly) acquire, or have the right to acquire, from Spinco and/or one or more holders of outstanding shares of Spinco Capital Stock, any shares of Spinco Capital Stock. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a Proposed Acquisition Transaction shall not include (i) the adoption by Spinco of a shareholder rights plan, (ii) issuances by Spinco that satisfy Safe Harbor VIII (relating to acquisitions in connection with a Person’s performance of services) or Safe Harbor IX (relating to acquisitions by a retirement plan of an employer) of Treasury Regulation Section 1.355-7(d) or (iii) as otherwise expressly required or expressly permitted by this Agreement, the Business Combination Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement. For purposes of determining whether a transaction constitutes an indirect acquisition, any recapitalization resulting in a shift of voting power or any redemption of shares of stock shall be treated as an indirect acquisition of shares of stock by the non-exchanging shareholders. This definition and the application thereof is intended to monitor compliance with Section 355(e) of the Code and shall be interpreted accordingly. Any clarification of, or change in, the statute or regulations promulgated under Section 355(e) of the Code shall be incorporated in this definition and its interpretation.

Representation Letters” means the statements of facts and representations, officer’s certificates, representation letters and any other materials (including, without limitation, a Ruling Request and any related supplemental submissions to the IRS or other Tax Authority) delivered or deliverable by Pluto, Spinco, or Utah and their respective subsidiaries or representatives thereof in connection with the rendering by tax advisors, and/or the issuance by the IRS or other Tax Authority, of the Tax Opinions/Rulings.

Responsible Company” means, with respect to any Tax Return, the Company having responsibility for preparing and filing, or causing to be prepared or filed, such Tax Return under Section 4.

Restricted Action” means one of the actions described in Section 6.03(a).

Retention Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 8.01.

Ruling” means a private letter ruling issued by the IRS to Pluto prior to and in connection with the Contribution, the Spinco Cash Distribution, the Pluto Cash Distribution and the Distribution.

 

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Ruling Request” means any filing by Pluto with the IRS or other Tax Authority requesting (i) a Ruling or (ii) any other private letter ruling regarding certain tax consequences of the Separation Transactions, in each case including all attachments, exhibits, and other materials submitted with such filing and any amendment or supplement to such filing.

SAG” means a group made up of one or more chains of corporations connected through stock ownership if such corporation owns directly stock meeting the Stock Ownership Requirement in at least one other corporation, and stock meeting the Stock Ownership Requirement in each of the corporations (except the parent) is owned directly by one or more of the other corporations.

Separate Return” means a Pluto Separate Return or an Spinco Separate Return, as the case may be.

Separation” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Separation and Distribution Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the Recitals to this Agreement.

Separation Plan” means the step plan dated [●], attached hereto as Exhibit A.

Separation Transactions” means those transactions undertaken by the Companies and their Affiliates pursuant to the Separation Plan to separate the Spinco Business from the Pluto Business.

Separation Transfer Taxes” means any Transfer Taxes incurred in connection with the Separation, the Contribution and the Distribution.

Specified Post-Distribution Matters” means the post-distribution matters listed on Schedule B.

Spinco” has the meaning provided in the first sentence of this Agreement.

Spinco Assets” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Spinco Business” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Spinco Capital Stock” means all classes or series of capital stock of Spinco, including (i) Spinco Common Stock,(ii) all options, warrants and other rights to acquire such capital stock and (iii) all instruments properly treated as stock in Spinco for U.S. federal income Tax purposes.

Spinco Carryback” means any net operating loss, capital loss, excess tax credit, or other similar Tax item of any member of the Spinco Group which may or must be carried from one taxable period to another prior taxable period under the Code or other applicable Tax Law.

 

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Spinco Cash Distribution” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Spinco Common Stock” has the meaning given to the term “Spinco Common Stock” in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Spinco Compensatory Equity Interests” means any option, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance share units, or other rights with respect to Spinco Capital Stock that are outstanding immediately after the Combination in connection with employee, independent contractor or direct compensation or other employer benefits (including, for the avoidance of doubt, options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance share units, or other rights issued in respect of any of the foregoing by reason of or in connection with the Combination).

Spinco Entity” means an entity which is a member of the Spinco Group, as determined immediately after the Distribution and immediately before the Combination.

Spinco Group” means Spinco and its subsidiaries, as determined from time to time.

Spinco Liabilities” has the meaning set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Spinco Make-Whole Awards” has the meaning set forth in the Employee Matters Agreement.

Spinco Pre-Combination Group” means Spinco and its subsidiaries, immediately after the Distribution and immediately before the Combination.

Spinco Section 355(e) Event” means the application of Section 355(e) of the Code to the Distribution by reason of the direct or indirect acquisition by one or more Persons of stock representing a fifty percent or greater interest (within the meaning of Section 355(e)(2)(A)(ii) of the Code) in any member of the Spinco Pre-Combination Group; provided that a Spinco Section 355(e) Event shall not be treated as having occurred solely by reason of the transactions required or expressly permitted by this Agreement, the Business Combination Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement.

Spinco Separate Return” means any Tax Return of or including any member of the Spinco Pre-Combination Group (including any consolidated, combined or unitary Tax Return) that does not include any member of the Pluto Group.

 

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Subsequent Ruling” means a private letter ruling issued by the IRS to Pluto, after the Combination, to the effect that a Restricted Action will not affect the Tax-Free Status (other than clause (vi) of the definition of Tax-Free Status).

Subsequent Ruling Request” means any filing by Pluto with the IRS or other Tax Authority requesting a Subsequent Ruling, including all attachments, exhibits, and other materials submitted with such filing and any amendment or supplement to such filing.

Stock Ownership Requirement” means, with respect to a corporation, a requirement that is met if the stock owned represents at least 80% of the total voting power and at least 80% of the total value of the stock of such corporation.

Straddle Period” means any taxable period that begins on or before and ends after the Distribution Date.

Tax” or “Taxes” means (i) any income, gross income, gross receipts, profits, capital stock, franchise, withholding, payroll, social security, workers compensation, unemployment, disability, property, ad valorem, value added, stamp, excise, severance, occupation, service, sales, use, license, lease, transfer, import, export, alternative minimum, estimated or other tax (including any fee, assessment, or other charge in the nature of or in lieu of any tax), imposed by any governmental entity or political subdivision thereof, and (ii) any interest, penalty, additions to tax, or additional amounts in respect of the foregoing; provided that, solely for purposes of this Agreement (and, for the avoidance of doubt, not for purposes of any of the other Transaction Documents, as defined in the Business Combination Agreement), Taxes shall not include Employment Taxes.

Tax Advisor” means a tax counsel or accountant of recognized national standing.

Tax Attribute” or “Attribute” means (i) a net operating loss, net capital loss, unused investment credit, unused foreign tax credit, excess charitable contribution, unused general business credit, unused research and development credit or any other Tax Item that could reduce a Tax or create a Tax Benefit and (ii) earnings and profits (including previously-taxed earnings and profits), tax basis or other similar Tax attributes that could reduce a Tax or create a Tax Benefit.

Tax Authority” means any governmental authority or any subdivision, agency, commission, or entity thereof, or any quasi-governmental or private body, in each case having jurisdiction over the assessment, determination, collection or imposition of any Tax (including for the avoidance of doubt, any of the foregoing having the authority to enter into any agreement, incentive arrangement or grant with respect to any Tax).

Tax Benefit” means any refund, credit, or other reduction in otherwise required liability for Taxes.

 

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Tax Contest” means an audit, review, examination, or any other administrative or judicial proceeding with the purpose or effect of redetermining Taxes (including any administrative or judicial review of any claim for refund) by any Tax Authority with respect to any Tax Return.

Tax-Free Status” means:

(i) the qualification of the Contribution, the Spinco Cash Distribution, Pluto Cash Distribution and the Distribution, taken together, as a “reorganization” under Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Code;

(ii) the qualification of the Distribution as a transaction in which the Spinco Common Stock distributed to holders of Pluto Common Stock is “qualified property” for purposes of Section 361(c) of the Code;

(iii) the nonrecognition of income, gain or loss by Pluto and Spinco on the Contribution and the Distribution under Sections 355, 361 and/or 1032 of the Code, as applicable, other than intercompany items or excess loss accounts taken into account pursuant to the Treasury Regulations promulgated pursuant to Section 1502 of the Code;

(iv) the nonrecognition of income, gain or loss by holders of Pluto Common Stock upon the receipt of Spinco Common Stock in the Distribution (except with respect to the receipt of cash in lieu of fractional shares of Spinco Common Stock, if any) under Section 355 of the Code;

(v) the nonrecognition of income, gain or loss by Pluto on the distribution of the proceeds of the Spinco Cash Distribution in the Pluto Cash Distribution to Pluto creditors or shareholders under Section 361(b) of the Code; and

(vi) the transactions described on Schedule A as being free from Tax to the extent set forth therein.

Tax Grants” means the agreements listed on Schedule C.

Tax Item” means, any item of income, gain, loss, deduction, credit, recapture of credit or any other item that increases or decreases income Taxes paid or payable.

Tax Law” means the Law of any governmental entity or political subdivision thereof relating to any Tax.

Tax Opinions/Rulings” means the opinions or legal memoranda of tax advisors and/or the rulings by the IRS or other Tax Authorities delivered or deliverable to Pluto in connection with the Contribution and the Distribution or otherwise with respect to the Separation Transactions.

Tax Records” means any (i) Tax Returns, (ii) Tax Return workpapers, (iii) documentation relating to any Tax Contests, and (iv) any other books of account or records (whether or not in written, electronic or other tangible or intangible forms and whether or not stored on electronic or any other medium) maintained under the Code or other applicable Tax Laws or under any record retention agreement with any Tax Authority.

 

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Tax-Related Losses” means:

(i) all Taxes imposed pursuant to any Final Determination;

(ii) all reasonable accounting, legal and other professional fees, court costs and other reasonable out-of-pocket costs incurred in connection with the assertion or imposition of such Taxes (whether or not ultimately imposed); and

(iii) all costs, expenses and damages, including all reasonable accounting, legal and other professional fees, court costs and other reasonable out-of-pocket costs, associated with stockholder litigation or controversies and any amount paid by Pluto (or any Pluto Affiliate) or Spinco (or any Spinco Affiliate) in respect of the liability of shareholders, whether paid to shareholders or to the IRS or any other Tax Authority;

in each case, resulting from the failure of the Contribution, the Spinco Cash Distribution, the Pluto Cash Distribution or the Distribution to qualify for Tax-Free Status or from the failure of a Separation Transaction described on Schedule A as being free from Tax to the extent set forth therein.

Tax Return” or “Return” means any return or report of Taxes due, any claim for refund of Taxes paid, any information return with respect to Taxes, or any other similar report, statement, declaration, or document filed under the Code or other Tax Law with respect to Taxes, including any attachments, exhibits, or other materials submitted with any of the foregoing, and including any amendments or supplements to any of the foregoing.

Technical Dispute” means any Dispute (i) relating solely to one or more Technical Tax Matters or (ii) that the Parties otherwise agree shall be treated as a Technical Dispute.

Technical Tax Matter” means any matter related to (i) the interpretation or application of Tax Law or (ii) calculations or other computations necessary to implement a provision of this Agreement or required by any Tax Law.

Transfer Pricing Adjustment” means any proposed or actual allocation by a Tax Authority of any Tax Item between or among any member of the Pluto Group and any member of the Spinco Group with respect to any taxable period ending prior to or including the final Distribution Date.

Transfer Taxes” means all transfer, documentary, stamp duty, sales, use, value added, goods and services, registration, filing, conveyance, real property transfer gains, commodities and any similar Taxes.

 

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Treasury Regulations” means the regulations promulgated from time to time under the Code as in effect for the relevant taxable period.

Unqualified Tax Opinion” means an unqualified “will” opinion of a Tax Advisor, which Tax Advisor is acceptable to Pluto, on which Pluto may rely to the effect that a Restricted Action will not affect the Tax-Free Status. Any such opinion must assume that the Contribution and the Distribution would have qualified for Tax-Free Status if the Restricted Action in question did not occur.

Utah” means Mylan N.V., a public company with limited liability incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands.

Utah Group” means Utah and its subsidiaries, as determined immediately before the Combination.

SECTION 2. INDEMNIFICATION.

Section 2.01. Indemnification for Taxes and Tax-Related Losses.

(a) Pluto Liability. Pluto shall be liable for, shall pay and shall indemnify and hold harmless the Spinco Group from and against any liability for Tax-Related Losses and other Taxes that, in each case, are allocated to Pluto or the Pluto Group under Section 3.

(b) Spinco Liability. Spinco shall be liable for, shall pay and shall indemnify and hold harmless the Pluto Group from and against any liability for Tax-Related Losses and other Taxes that, in each case, are allocated to Spinco under Section 3.

Section 2.02. Indemnification Payments.

(a) All Indemnity Payments under this Agreement shall be made by Pluto directly to Spinco and by Spinco directly to Pluto; provided, however, that if the Companies mutually agree with respect to any such Indemnity Payment, any member of the Pluto Group, on the one hand, may make such Indemnity Payment to any member of the Spinco Group, on the other hand, and vice versa.

(b) Subject to Section 2.02(c) below, in the absence of any change in Tax treatment under the Code and except as otherwise required by other applicable Tax Law, all Indemnity Payments shall be reported for Tax purposes by the payor and the recipient as distributions or capital contributions, as appropriate, occurring immediately before the Distribution.

(c) Anything herein to the contrary notwithstanding, to the extent the Indemnifying Party makes a payment of interest to the Indemnified Party under Section 13, the interest payment shall be treated as interest expense to the Indemnifying Party (deductible to the extent provided by Law) and as interest income by the Indemnified Party (includible in income to the extent provided by Law). The amount of the payment shall not be adjusted to take into account any associated Tax Benefit to the Indemnifying Party or increase in Tax to the Indemnified Party.

 

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(d) If an indemnification obligation of any Indemnifying Party under this Agreement arises in respect of an adjustment that results in an offsetting deduction or other item for the Indemnified Party which would not otherwise be allowable but for such adjustment, the amount of any Indemnity Payment shall be reduced to take into account any actual Tax Benefit realized by the Indemnified Party’s Group with respect to such deduction or other item, determined using a “with and without” methodology (treating any deductions attributable to the Indemnity Payment as the last items claimed for any taxable period including after the utilization of any available Tax Attributes).

(e) Pluto and Spinco and the members of their respective Groups shall discharge their obligations under Section 2.01 by paying the relevant amount within thirty (30) days after written demand therefor. Any such demand shall include the amount due under Section 2.01. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if Pluto or Spinco disputes in good faith the fact or amount of its obligation under Section 2.01, then no payment of the amount in dispute shall be required until any such good faith dispute is resolved in accordance with Section 12; provided, however, that any amount not paid within thirty (30) days after written demand therefor shall bear interest as provided in Section 13.

Section 2.03. Limitation on Liability for Non-Income Taxes. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, a Company shall not be required to pay, indemnify or hold harmless the other Company for any non-income Taxes pursuant to this Section 2:

(a) to the extent such non-income Taxes were taken into account as liabilities in the determination of the Closing Working Capital, as finally determined pursuant to Section 2.16 of the Separation and Distribution Agreement; or

(b) arising from any individual claim (or series of related claims arising out of the same facts or circumstances) if the amount of such non-income Taxes paid or payable with respect to such claim or series of claims is less than $50,000.

SECTION 3. ALLOCATION OF TAX LIABILITIES AND OTHER TAX MATTERS.

Section 3.01. Allocation of Tax-Related Losses.

(a) Allocation of Tax-Related Losses to Pluto. Pluto shall be allocated all Tax-Related Losses other than Tax-Related Losses allocated to Spinco pursuant to Section 3.01(b).

(b) Allocation of Tax-Related Losses to Spinco. Subject to Section 3.01(c), Spinco shall be allocated all Tax-Related Losses arising out of:

(i) a Spinco Section 355(e) Event;

 

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(ii) a breach of any representation in Section 6.01(b);

(iii) a breach of any covenant in Section 6.02; or

(iv) an action or omission by any member of the Spinco Group or the Utah Group described in Section 6.03 (without regard to whether Spinco received Legal Comfort with respect to that action or omission).

(c) Allocation of Tax-Related Losses According to Relative Fault. If any Tax-Related Losses are described in Section 3.01(b) but also would not have been imposed but for an action or omission by any member of the Pluto Group, such Tax-Related Losses shall be allocated between Pluto and Spinco in proportion to the relative degrees of fault of the members of the Pluto Group, on the one hand, and the Spinco Group, on the other hand.

(d) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in Section 3.02, Section 3.03, Section 3.04 or Section 3.05, only this Section 3.01 shall allocate Tax-Related Losses to Spinco or Pluto.

Section 3.02. General Rule for Allocation of Taxes. Except as provided in Section 3.01, Section 3.03, Section 3.04 or Section 3.05, Taxes shall be allocated as follows:

(a) Allocation of Taxes Relating to Joint Returns. With respect to any Joint Return, Pluto shall be allocated all Taxes due with respect to or required to be reported on any such Tax Return (including any increase in such Tax as a result of a Final Determination; provided, however, that to the extent any such Joint Return includes any Tax Item attributable to any member of the Spinco Group or the Spinco Business for any Post-Distribution Period, Spinco shall be allocated all Taxes attributable to such Tax Items.

(b) Allocation of Taxes Relating to Separate Returns.

(i) Pluto shall be allocated all Taxes due with respect to or required to be reported on (x) any Pluto Separate Return for any taxable period and (y) any Spinco Separate Return for any Pre-Distribution Period (including, in each case, any increase in such Tax as a result of a Final Determination).

(ii) Spinco shall be allocated any and all Taxes due with respect to or required to be reported on any Spinco Separate Return (including any increase in such Tax as a result of a Final Determination) for any Post-Distribution Period.

Section 3.03. Other Spinco Liability. Except as provided in Section 3.01 or Section 3.05, Spinco shall be allocated any Tax resulting from a breach by Spinco of any covenant in this Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement.

 

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Section 3.04. Other Pluto Liability. Except as provided in Section 3.01 or Section 3.05, Pluto shall be allocated:

(a) any Taxes imposed on any member of the Spinco Group under Treasury Regulations Section 1.1502-6 (or similar provision of state, local or foreign Law) solely as a result of any such member being or having been a member of the Pluto Affiliated Group (or any similar group under state, local or foreign Law);

(b) any Taxes of any member of the Pluto Affiliated Group (including any applicable member of the Spinco Group) arising by operation of Section 965 of the Code, including any “net tax liability under this section” (as defined in Section 965(h) of the Code) (whether or not the election described in Section 965(h) of the Code is or has been made);

(c) any Tax resulting from a breach by Pluto of any covenant in this Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement;

(d) any Separation Transfer Taxes; and

(e) any Delayed Market Tax Costs, except to the extent that the amount of any corresponding payment with respect to, or on account of, a Delayed Market Transaction made by a member of the Spinco Group to a member of the Pluto Group is reduced in respect of any such Delayed Market Tax Costs pursuant to the agreement governing such corresponding payment.

Section 3.05. Allocation of Taxes According to Relative Fault. If any Taxes are described in both Section 3.03 and Section 3.04(c), such Taxes shall be allocated between Pluto and Spinco in proportion to the relative degrees of fault of Pluto, on the one hand, and Spinco, on the other hand.

Section 3.06. Employment Taxes; Certain Deductions.

(a) Allocation of Employment Taxes. Notwithstanding anything contained herein to the contrary, this Agreement, including Section 3 hereof, shall not apply with respect to Employment Taxes. Employment Taxes shall be allocated as provided in the Employee Matters Agreement. All obligations with respect to the withholding, reporting, remitting or payment obligations or any regulatory filing obligation in connection with Employment Taxes, Pluto Equity Awards or the Spinco Make-Whole Awards shall be governed by the Employee Matters Agreement.

(b) Allocation of Certain Compensation Deductions. The Pluto Group shall be allocated any Tax deduction relating to:

(i) the exercise, vesting and/or settlement of the Pluto Equity Awards, and

 

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(ii) any Liabilities with respect to compensation or benefits that any Pluto Group member assumes or retains in connection with the Transactions (such deductions, collectively, the “Pluto Compensation Tax Assets”).

(c) Payments for Pluto Compensation Tax Assets. If a Pluto Compensation Asset gives rise to a deduction for any member of the Spinco Group in any Post-Distribution Period, Pluto will be entitled to annual payments from Spinco of the actual Tax Benefit of the Spinco Group arising from such Pluto Compensation Tax Asset, determined using a “with and without” methodology (treating any deductions attributable to the use by a member of the Spinco Group of a Pluto Compensation Tax Asset as the last item claimed for any taxable period including after the utilization of any available Tax Attributes).

Section 3.07. Determination of Tax Attributable to the Spinco Business.

(a) Apportionment. The Parties and their respective Affiliates shall elect to close the taxable period of each Spinco Group member as of the end of the Distribution Date, to the extent permitted by applicable Tax Law; provided, however, that if applicable Tax Law does not permit a member of the Spinco Group to close its taxable period at such time, the Tax attributable to the operations of such member of the Spinco Group for any Pre-Distribution Period shall be determined using the Apportionment Method.

(b) Notwithstanding Section 3.07(a), any and all Taxes reported, or required to be reported, on a Spinco Separate Return, or a Tax Return of a member of the Pluto Group to the extent attributable to a member of the Spinco Group, under Section 951(a) or Section 951A(a) of the Code (“Spinco Subpart F Taxes”) that, in each case, are attributable to Tax Items for a Pre-Distribution Period (determined as though the taxable period of each controlled foreign corporation (within the meaning of Section 957 of the Code) giving rise to Tax Items ended on the Distribution Date) shall be allocated to Pluto, and any Spinco Subpart F Taxes that, in each case, are attributable to Tax Items for a Post-Distribution Period (determined as though the taxable period of each controlled foreign corporation (within the meaning of Section 957 of the Code) giving rise to Tax Items ended on the Distribution Date) shall be allocated to Spinco; provided, further, that for purposes of determining the amount of Spinco Subpart F Taxes allocated to Pluto above, (i) the portion of any Spinco Subpart F Taxes allocated to Pluto shall not exceed the amount of Taxes that the Spinco Pre-Combination Group would have been required to pay (for the avoidance of doubt, taking into account all items of deduction and credit which would have been allowed to members of the Spinco Pre-Combination Group) in respect of inclusions under Section 951(a) and 951A(a) of the Code, respectively, if (x) the Spinco Pre-Combination Group were a stand-alone affiliated group of corporations the domestic members of which joined in the filing of a consolidated U.S. federal income Tax return and (y) the taxable period of each member of the Spinco Pre-Combination Group ended on the Distribution Date, and (ii) the “qualified business asset investment” (as such term is used in Section 951A(d) of the Code) of each relevant controlled foreign corporation (within the meaning of Section 957 of the Code) for a Pre-Distribution Period shall be determined consistent with Treasury Regulations Section 1.951A-3(f) (as though the taxable period of such controlled foreign corporation ended on the Distribution Date).

 

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(c) Next Day Rule. For all purposes under this Agreement, Pluto and Spinco hereby agree that any transaction with respect to Spinco or the Spinco Group occurring on the Distribution Date but after the Distribution Effective Time (other than any transaction occurring in the ordinary course of business) shall be treated for all Tax purposes (to the extent permitted by applicable Tax Law, including Treasury Regulations Section 1.1502-76(b) (the “Next Day Rule”)) as occurring at the beginning of the day following the Distribution Date.

SECTION 4. PREPARATION AND FILING OF TAX RETURNS.

Section 4.01. Pluto Responsibility. Pluto has the exclusive obligation and right to prepare and file, or to cause to be prepared and filed:

(a) Joint Returns;

(b) Pluto Separate Returns; and

(c) Spinco Separate Returns that relate solely to any Pre-Distribution Period, provided that with respect to any such Spinco Separate Return that is prepared, or caused to be prepared, by Pluto but that is required to be filed by a member of the Spinco Group under applicable Tax Law, Pluto shall provide such Tax Return to Spinco prior to the due date for filing such Tax Return (taking into account applicable extension periods), and Spinco shall execute and file, or cause to be executed and filed, such Tax Return; provided further that if Spinco promptly delivers to Pluto a written notice of objection stating that Spinco has determined in good faith that it is not permitted to file such Tax Return under applicable Law, the Companies shall resolve any Dispute under Section 12 of this Agreement. In the event that the Dispute is not resolved before the due date of such Tax Return, such Tax Return shall be filed reflecting Spinco’s objection on the Dispute, and (i) if required, an amended Tax Return shall be filed after the resolution of the Dispute that reflects the resolution of the Dispute and (ii) the Parties shall make appropriate adjustments to any Indemnity Payment due or previously paid to reflect such resolution.

Section 4.02. Spinco Responsibility. Spinco shall prepare and file, or shall cause to be prepared and filed, all Tax Returns required to be filed by or with respect to members of the Spinco Group (including, for the avoidance of doubt, any Spinco Separate Return) other than those Tax Returns which Pluto is required to prepare and file, or cause to be prepared and filed, under Section 4.01.

Section 4.03. Tax Returns for Certain Transfer Taxes. Notwithstanding Section 4.01 and Section 4.02, the Party responsible, or whose subsidiary is responsible, for filing any Tax Return with respect to any Separation Transfer Taxes under applicable Law shall prepare and file, or cause to be prepared and filed, any Tax Returns with respect to such Transfer Taxes.

 

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Section 4.04. Tax Payments for Tax Returns. With respect to any Tax Return, the Company required to file such Tax Return under applicable Law shall pay, or cause to be paid, the amount shown as due on such Tax Return to the applicable Tax Authority on or before the relevant Payment Date (and provide notice and proof of payment to the other Company in the case of a Joint Return). If any portion of such payment is in respect of Taxes for which an Indemnifying Party has an indemnity obligation under Section 2, the Indemnifying Party shall pay the amount required to be so indemnified to the Indemnified Party in accordance with Section 2.

Section 4.05. Tax Reporting Practices.

(a) Pluto General Rule. Except as provided in Section 4.05(c), Pluto shall prepare, or cause to be prepared, any Tax Return described in Section 4.01 in accordance with reasonable Tax accounting practices selected by Pluto.

(b) Spinco General Rule. Except as provided in Section 4.05(c), with respect to any Tax Return for a Straddle Period that Spinco has the obligation and right to prepare and file, or cause to be prepared and filed, under Section 4.02, such Tax Return shall be prepared in accordance with past practices, accounting methods, elections or conventions (“Past Practices”) used with respect to the Tax Return of the relevant member(s) of the Spinco Group in question (unless there is no reasonable basis for the use of such Past Practices or unless there is no adverse effect to Pluto), and, to the extent any items are not covered by Past Practices (or in the event that there is no reasonable basis for the use such Past Practices or there is no adverse effect to Pluto), in accordance with reasonable Tax accounting practices selected by Spinco. Spinco shall not amend, refile or otherwise take any action with respect to any Tax Return with respect to one or more members of the Spinco Pre-Combination Group previously filed with respect to any Pre-Distribution Period without the prior written consent of Pluto, not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed.

(c) Reporting of Separation Transactions. The Tax treatment of the Separation Transactions reported on any Tax Return shall be consistent with the treatment thereof in the Ruling Requests, the Tax Opinions/Rulings or as set forth on Schedule A, as applicable, taking into account the jurisdiction in which such Tax Returns are filed.

Section 4.06. Consolidated or Combined Tax Returns. Spinco will, and will cause its respective Affiliates to, use reasonable best efforts to elect and join in filing any Joint Returns that Pluto determines are required to be filed or that Pluto chooses to file pursuant to Section 4.01(a).

Section 4.07. Right to Review Tax Returns.

(a) General. The Responsible Company with respect to any material Tax Return shall make the portion of such Tax Return and related workpapers that are relevant to the determination of the other Company’s rights or obligations under this Agreement available for review by the other Company, if requested, (i) to the extent such Tax Return relates to Taxes for which the requesting Party would reasonably be expected

 

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to be liable, (ii) such Tax Return relates to Taxes and the requesting Party would reasonably be expected to be liable in whole or in part for any additional Taxes owing as a result of adjustments to the amount of Taxes reported on such Tax Return or (iii) such Tax Return relates to Taxes for which the requesting Party would reasonably be expected to have a claim for Tax Benefits under this Agreement. The Responsible Company shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to make such portion of such Tax Return available for review as required under this Section 4.07(a) sufficiently in advance of the due date for filing of such Tax Return to provide the other Company with a meaningful opportunity to analyze and comment on such Tax Return. The Companies shall attempt in good faith to resolve any dispute arising out of the review of such Tax Return, but if the Companies are unable to resolve such dispute, the resolution of such dispute shall be governed by Section 12 of this Agreement. In the event that such dispute is not resolved before the due date of such Tax Return, such Tax Return shall be filed on the basis prepared by the Responsible Company (as revised to reflect any comments made by the other Company which are not the subject of a dispute), and (i) if required, an amended Tax Return shall be filed after the resolution of such dispute that reflects the resolution of such dispute and (ii) the Parties shall make appropriate adjustments to any Indemnity Payment due or previously paid to reflect such resolution.

(b) Material Tax Returns. For purposes of Section 4.07(a), a Tax Return is “material” if, and only if, it could reasonably be expected to reflect (i) Tax liability equal to or in excess of $1 million, (ii) a Tax credit or credits equal to or in excess of $1 million or (iii) a Tax loss or losses equal to or in excess of $5 million, in each case with respect to the requesting Party.

Section 4.08. Spinco Carrybacks and Claims for Refund. Spinco hereby agrees that, unless Pluto consents in writing, (i) Spinco shall not file, or cause to be filed, any Adjustment Request with respect to any Joint Return, (ii) Spinco shall make, or cause to be made, any available elections to waive the right to claim in any Pre-Distribution Period with respect to any Joint Return any Spinco Carryback arising in a Post-Distribution Period; and (iii) Spinco shall not make, or cause to be made, any affirmative election to claim any Spinco Carryback described in clause (ii).

Section 4.09. Apportioned Tax Attributes.

(a) Pluto shall in good faith advise Spinco in writing of the amount, if any, of Tax Attributes which Pluto determines, from time to time (including as a result of any adjustment on audit), shall be allocated or apportioned to the Spinco Group (or any member thereof) under applicable Law, provided that this Section 4.09 shall not be construed as obligating Pluto to undertake any such determination as to the amount, allocation or apportionment of any Apportioned Tax Attribute. Spinco agrees that it shall accept Pluto’s allocation or apportionment of Apportioned Tax Attributes (and Spinco and all members of the Spinco Group shall prepare all Tax Returns in accordance therewith) unless such allocation or apportionment is manifestly unreasonable or manifestly erroneous.

 

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(b) Spinco may request that Pluto undertake a determination of the portion, if any, of any Apportioned Tax Attribute to be allocated or apportioned to the Spinco Group (or any member thereof) under applicable Law, if such allocation or apportionment was not determined by Pluto pursuant to Section 4.09(a). If Pluto agrees to undertake such determination, Pluto shall in good faith advise Spinco in writing of the amount, if any, of any Apportioned Tax Attributes which Pluto determines shall be allocated or apportioned to the Spinco Group (or any member thereof) under applicable Law. Spinco agrees that it shall accept Pluto’s allocation or apportionment of Apportioned Tax Attributes (and Spinco and all members of the Spinco Group shall prepare all Tax Returns in accordance therewith) unless such allocation or apportionment is manifestly unreasonable or manifestly erroneous. Spinco shall reimburse Pluto for all reasonable third-party costs and expenses incurred by the Pluto Group in connection with such determination requested by Spinco within ten (10) Business Days after receiving an invoice from Pluto therefor.

(c) To the extent that Pluto determines, in its sole and absolute discretion, not to undertake a determination requested by Spinco pursuant to Section 4.09(b), or does not otherwise advise Spinco of its intention to undertake such determination within twenty (20) Business Days of the receipt of such request, Spinco shall be permitted to undertake such determination at its own cost and expense and shall notify Pluto of its determination, which determination shall be binding upon Pluto, unless such determination is manifestly unreasonable or manifestly erroneous.

(d) Nothing in this Section 4.09 shall limit a Company’s rights and obligations under Section 7.01.

SECTION 5. TAX REFUNDS.

Section 5.01. Tax Benefits. Each Company shall be entitled to any Tax Benefit (and any interest thereon received from the applicable Tax Authority) of Taxes for which it is liable hereunder. A Company receiving any Tax Benefit to which another Company is entitled under this Section 5.01 shall pay over the amount of such Tax Benefit to such other Company within thirty (30) days after such Tax Benefit is received.

SECTION 6. TAX-FREE STATUS.

Section 6.01. Representations and Warranties.

(a) Pluto hereby represents and warrants or covenants and agrees, as appropriate, (i) that the facts presented and the representations made in the Representation Letters, to the extent descriptive of (A) the Pluto Group at any time or (B) the Spinco Pre-Combination Group at any time prior to the Distribution (including, in each case, (x) the business purposes for the Distribution described in the Representation Letters to the extent that they relate to the Pluto Group at any time or the Spinco Pre-Combination Group at any time prior to the Distribution, and (y) the plans, proposals, intentions and policies of the Pluto Group at any time or the Spinco Pre-Combination Group at any time prior to the Distribution), were true, correct and complete in all

 

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respects when given and have continued to be true, correct and complete in all respects through the Distribution and (ii) that Pluto has obtained a Tax Opinion/Ruling at a “should”-level or higher for each of the Internal Tax-Free Separation Transactions listed under the heading “U.S. Federal Income Tax Treatment” on Schedule A.

(b) Spinco hereby represents that as of immediately after the Combination, neither Spinco nor any member of the Spinco Group has any plan or intention to

(i) take or fail to take (or cause or permit any of its subsidiaries to take or fail to take) any action that would breach a covenant under Section 6.02 or Section 6.03; or

(ii) take or fail to take (or permit any of its subsidiaries to take or fail to take) any action inconsistent with any representation in the Representation Letter delivered by Utah.

(c) Spinco hereby represents that all, except as otherwise expressly required or expressly permitted by this Agreement, the Business Combination Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement, Spinco Capital Stock issued (i) within two years after the Distribution Date pursuant to or in respect of Spinco Compensatory Equity Interests, or (ii) at any time after the Distribution Date pursuant to or in respect of Spinco Compensatory Equity Interests issued or granted within two years after the Distribution Date, in each case will satisfy Safe Harbor VIII (relating to acquisitions in connection with a person’s performance of services) of Treasury Regulations Section 1.355-7(d).

Section 6.02. Spinco Covenants. Spinco shall not take or fail to take (or cause or permit any of its subsidiaries to take or fail to take) any action if (i) such action or omission is outside the ordinary course of business operations and would adversely affect or could reasonably be expected to adversely affect the Tax-Free Status of the Contribution, the Spinco Cash Distribution, the Pluto Cash Distribution, the Distribution or the transactions described in Schedule A, (ii) such action or omission could reasonably be expected to be inconsistent with any Specified Post-Distribution Matter or (iii) such action or omission could reasonably be expected to be inconsistent with any Tax Grant, except, in each case, as otherwise expressly required or expressly permitted by this Agreement, the Business Combination Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement.

Section 6.03. Restricted Actions.

(a) Subject to Section 6.03(b), on or before the two-year anniversary of the Distribution Date, Spinco shall not (and shall cause its subsidiaries not to), in a single transaction or series of transactions:

(i) enter into any Proposed Acquisition Transaction or permit any Proposed Acquisition Transaction to occur (whether by (A) redeeming rights under a shareholder rights plan, (B) finding a tender offer to be a “permitted offer” under any such plan or otherwise causing any such plan to be inapplicable

 

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or neutralized with respect to any Proposed Acquisition Transaction, (C) approving any Proposed Acquisition Transaction, whether for purposes of Section 203 of the DGCL or any similar corporate statute, or any “fair price” or other provision of Spinco’s charter or bylaws, or (D) amending its certificate of incorporation to declassify its Board of Directors or approving any such amendment, (E) or otherwise);

(ii) cause or permit Spinco or any member of the Spinco Pre-Combination Group that was a “controlled corporation” in any Separation Transaction and is identified as a “controlled corporation” on Schedule A, within the meaning of Section 355 of the Code, to merge, consolidate or amalgamate with any other Person or liquidate or partially liquidate;

(iii) cause or permit (A) a member of the Spinco Pre-Combination Group whose Active Trade or Business is relied upon in the Tax Opinions/Rulings for purposes of qualifying a transaction as tax-free pursuant to Section 355 of the Code or other Tax Law to cease being engaged in that Active Trade or Businesses, or (B) a member of the Spinco Group to dispose of, directly or indirectly, any interest in a member of the Spinco Pre-Combination Group described in clause (A), other than dispositions to any member of the SAG of Spinco;

(iv) other than sales or transfers of inventory in the ordinary course of business, (A) sell all or substantially all of the assets that were transferred to Spinco pursuant to the Contribution or (B) transfer 25% or more of the gross assets of any Active Trade or Business relied upon in any of the Tax Opinions/Rulings for purposes of Section 355(b)(2) of the Code or 25% or more of the consolidated gross assets of the Spinco Pre-Combination Group (such percentages to be measured based on fair market value as of the Distribution Date, as reported in writing by Pluto to Spinco within ninety (90) days of the Distribution Date);

(v) redeem or otherwise repurchase (directly or through a member of the Spinco Group) any Spinco Capital Stock, unless:

(A) the Ruling includes a ruling substantially to the effect that a redemption or repurchase of Spinco Capital Stock meeting certain conditions will be treated as being made on a pro rata basis from all holders (other than holders specified in the Ruling) for purposes of testing the effect of such redemption or repurchase on the Distribution under Section 355(e), and such redemption or repurchase satisfies such conditions, and

 

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(B) either (x) such redemption or repurchase satisfies Section 4.05(1)(b) of Revenue Procedure 96-30 (as in effect prior to its amendment by Revenue Procedure 2003-48), or (y) the Ruling includes a ruling substantially to the effect that a redemption or repurchase meeting certain conditions that does not otherwise satisfy clause (x) hereof will not be evidence that the Distribution was used principally as a device for the distribution of earnings and profits of Pluto or Spinco or both under Section 355(a)(1)(B), and such redemption or repurchase satisfies such conditions);

(vi) amend its certificate of incorporation (or other organizational documents), or take any other action, whether through a stockholder vote or otherwise, affecting the voting rights of Spinco Capital Stock (including, without limitation, through the conversion of one class of Spinco Capital Stock into another class of Spinco Capital Stock).

(b) Spinco may take, or may cause its subsidiaries to take a Restricted Action if (x) Spinco has received “Legal Comfort” with respect to such Restricted Action or (y) Pluto has waived the requirement to obtain Legal Comfort with respect to such Restricted Action. For this purpose, Spinco has received Legal Comfort if, prior to taking a Restricted Action:

(i) Spinco has requested that Pluto obtain a Subsequent Ruling in accordance with Section 6.04 and Pluto has received such a Subsequent Ruling in form and substance satisfactory to Pluto, acting in good faith; or

(ii) Spinco has provided Pluto with an Unqualified Tax Opinion in form and substance satisfactory to Pluto, acting in good faith (and in determining whether an opinion is satisfactory, Pluto may consider, among other factors, the appropriateness of any underlying assumptions and management’s representations if used as a basis for the opinion and Pluto may determine that no opinion would be acceptable to Pluto if Pluto does so acting in good faith).

Section 6.04. Procedures Regarding Legal Comfort.

(a) Cooperation. In addition to any obligations to cooperate contained in Section 7.01, if Spinco notifies Pluto that it desires to take a Restricted Action, Pluto and Spinco shall reasonably cooperate to attempt to obtain Legal Comfort with respect to the Restricted Action, unless Pluto shall have waived the requirement to obtain such Legal Comfort. In no event shall Pluto be required to file any Subsequent Ruling Request under this Section 6.04(a) unless Spinco represents that (i) it has read the Subsequent Ruling Request and (ii) all information and representations, if any, relating to any member of the Spinco Group contained in the Subsequent Ruling Request and accompanying documents are (subject to any qualifications therein) true, correct and complete. With respect to any Subsequent Ruling or Subsequent Ruling Request, Spinco shall not be required to make (or cause any Affiliate of Spinco to make) any representation or covenant that is inconsistent with historical facts or as to future matters or events over which it has no control).

(b) Reimbursement of Expenses for Legal Comfort. Spinco shall reimburse Pluto for all reasonable costs and expenses incurred by the Pluto Group in connection with the cooperation with respect to obtaining Legal Comfort, within thirty (30) days after receiving an invoice from Pluto therefor.

 

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(c) Subsequent Ruling Process. Spinco hereby agrees that Pluto shall have control over the process of obtaining any Subsequent Ruling, and that only Pluto shall apply for a Subsequent Ruling. In addition to any obligations to cooperate contained in Section 7.01, in connection with obtaining a Subsequent Ruling:

(i) Pluto shall keep Spinco informed in a timely manner of all material actions taken or proposed to be taken by Pluto in connection therewith;

(ii) Pluto shall (1) reasonably in advance of the submission of any Subsequent Ruling Request documents provide Spinco with a draft copy thereof, (2) reasonably consider Spinco’s comments on such draft copy, and (3) provide Spinco with a final copy of such Subsequent Ruling Request filed with the IRS; and

(iii) Pluto shall provide Spinco with notice reasonably in advance of, and nationally recognized tax counsel to Spinco reasonably acceptable to Pluto shall have the right to attend, any formally scheduled meetings (including telephonic meetings) with the IRS (subject to the approval of the IRS) that relate to such Subsequent Ruling.

Section 6.05. Protective 336(e) Election. Pursuant to Treasury Regulation Sections 1.336-2(h)(1)(i) and 1.336-2(j), Pluto shall make a timely protective election under Section 336(e) of the Code and the Treasury Regulations issued thereunder and any similar provision of state or local Tax Law (and any related elections as determined by Pluto) with respect to the Distribution (collectively, a “Section 336(e) Election”). If and to the extent that Tax-Free Status does not apply with respect to the Distribution and Pluto is liable under Section 2.01(a) for any resulting Tax-Related Losses (including any Taxes attributable to the Section 336(e) Election), then, to that extent, Pluto will be entitled to annual payments from Spinco of the actual Tax Benefit of the Spinco Group arising from the step-up in Tax basis resulting from the Section 336(e) Election, determined using a “with and without” methodology (treating any deductions attributable to the step-up in tax basis resulting from the Section 336(e) Election as the last items claimed for any taxable period including after the utilization of any available Tax Attributes).

Section 6.06. Tax Grants. Spinco shall not modify, amend or terminate any Tax Grant without the prior written consent of Pluto, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed, unless such modification, amendment or termination would not result in any increase in the amount of any Taxes allocated to Pluto under this Agreement.

Section 6.07 Maintenance of Certain Ownership. From and after the Distribution Time and until the first December 1 following the Distribution Time (for example, if the Distribution Time occurred on December 2, 2020, the first December 1 following the Distribution Time would occur on December 1, 2021), Spinco shall not (and shall cause its Subsidiaries not to) cause or permit any “extraordinary reduction” (within the meaning of Treasury Regulations § 1.245A-5T(e)(2)) to occur with respect to the ownership of such Specified CFC (as defined below) by any member of the Spinco Pre-Combination Group (including any successor thereto) that is a “controlling section 245A shareholder” (within the meaning of Treasury Regulations § 1.245A-5T(i)(2)) of such Specified CFC. For purposes of this Section 6.07, (i) a “Specified CFC” means (A) Upjohn Netherlands B.V., (B) any other member of the Spinco Pre- Combination Group that is a “controlled foreign corporation,” within the meaning of Section 957(a) of the Code, and that Spinco owns indirectly, in whole or in part, through Upjohn Netherlands B.V., (C) Pfizer Parke Davis (Thailand) Ltd. and (D) Upjohn (Thailand) Limited and (ii) any reference to any term or provision of Treasury Regulations § 1.245A-5T includes a reference to the same or similar term or provision in any final, amended or successor regulations adopted by the IRS.

 

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SECTION 7. ASSISTANCE AND COOPERATION.

Section 7.01. Assistance and Cooperation.

(a) The Companies shall cooperate (and cause their respective Affiliates to cooperate) in a timely manner with each other and with each other’s agents and advisors, including accounting firms and legal counsel, in connection with Tax matters relating to the Companies and their Affiliates including (i) preparation and filing of Tax Returns, (ii) determining the liability for and amount of any Taxes due (including estimated Taxes) or the right to and amount of any refund of Taxes, (iii) examinations of Tax Returns, (iv) any administrative or judicial proceeding in respect of Taxes assessed or proposed to be assessed, (v) obtaining a Subsequent Ruling or any supplemental rulings with respect to the Ruling or any Subsequent Ruling and (vi) minimizing or mitigating any Separation Transfer Taxes or Combination Transfer Taxes. Such cooperation shall include making all Pre-Distribution Tax Records in their possession relating to the other Company and its Affiliates available to such other Company in a timely manner as provided in Section 8. Each of the Companies shall also make available in a timely manner to the other, as reasonably requested and available, personnel (including officers, directors, employees and agents of the Companies or their respective Affiliates) responsible for preparing, maintaining, and interpreting information and documents relevant to Taxes, and personnel reasonably required as witnesses or for purposes of providing information or documents in connection with any administrative or judicial proceedings relating to Taxes. In fulfilling its obligations under this Section 7.01(a) with respect to the preparation and filing of any Tax Return, each Party shall use its reasonable efforts to respond to requests made by the other Party in a manner that permits such other Party to prepare and file such Tax Return consistent with the past practices of such other Party, including as to the time of filing of such Tax Return, as communicated to the first Party.

(b) Without limiting the generality of Section 7.01(a), Pluto shall cooperate (and cause their respective Affiliates to cooperate) in a timely manner with Spinco and with its agents and advisors, including accounting firms and legal counsel, in connection with (i) maintaining the Tax-Free Status of the Contribution, the Spinco Cash Distribution, the Pluto Cash Distribution, the Distribution and the transactions described in Schedule A, (ii) maintaining any arrangement with respect to any Specified-Post Distribution Matter and (iii) complying with the terms of any Tax Grant. Such cooperation shall include, without limitation (w) at Pluto’s cost and expense making available (in electronic versions) copies of all Tax Opinions/Rulings (in a complete and unredacted form) and other written advice relied upon in making the determination that the transactions listed on Schedule A were free from Tax to the extent set forth therein, (x) allowing reasonable access to Pluto’s internal personnel and (y) beginning in the quarter in which the Combination occurs and ending with the quarter in which the second anniversary of the Combination occurs, Pluto and Pluto’s outside advisors’ (including any accounting firms or legal counsel that advised Pluto in connection with the Separation Plan, the Specified Post-Distribution Matters or any Tax Grant), at Pluto’s cost and expense, participating in one telephonic meeting with Spinco per quarter (each not to exceed three (3) hours in duration) in which Pluto, such advisors and Spinco shall discuss the matters described in the previous sentence on the basis of an agenda, discussion points and/or questions submitted by Spinco no later than two (2) Business Days before such meeting and (z) at Spinco’s cost and expense, allowing reasonable access to outside advisors, including any accounting firms or legal counsel that advised Pluto in connection with the Separation Plan or advised on establishing the arrangements

 

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with respect to any of the matters described in the previous sentence. For the avoidance of doubt, Pluto does not waive any rights it is otherwise entitled to under this Agreement by reason of Pluto’s cooperation (or the cooperation of its Affiliates, agents and advisors) under this Section 7.01(b). Spinco acknowledges and agrees that it shall not be entitled to use any cooperation given by Pluto or its Affiliates, agents or advisors pursuant to this Section 7.01(b) as a defense (and hereby waives any such defense) against any claim for indemnification made by Pluto pursuant to this Agreement (including any such defense based on relative fault, negligence, mitigation or otherwise).

(c) In the event that a member of the Pluto Group, on the one hand, or a member of the Spinco Group, on the other hand, suffers a Tax detriment as a result of a Transfer Pricing Adjustment, the Companies shall cooperate pursuant to this Section 7 to seek any competent authority relief that may be available with respect to such Transfer Pricing Adjustment.

(d) Any information or documents provided under this Section 7 shall be kept confidential by the Company receiving the information or documents, except as may otherwise be necessary in connection with the filing of Tax Returns or in connection with any administrative or judicial proceedings relating to Taxes. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement or any other agreement, (i) no Company shall be required to provide the other Company or any other Person access to or copies of any information or procedures (including the proceedings of any Tax Contest) other than information or procedures that relate to Spinco, the business or assets of Spinco or any Spinco Affiliate and (ii) in no event shall a Company be required to provide the other Company or any other Person access to or copies of any information if such action could reasonably be expected to result in the waiver of any Privilege. In addition, in the event that a Company determines that the provision of any information to the other Company could be commercially detrimental, violate any Law or agreement or waive any Privilege, the Parties shall use reasonable best efforts to permit compliance with its obligations under this Section 7 in a manner that avoids any such harm or consequence.

Section 7.02. Delayed Market Tax Costs. The Parties shall use their reasonable best efforts to cooperate (and cause their respective Affiliates to cooperate) in a timely manner with each other and with each other’s agents and advisors, including accounting firms and legal counsel, to eliminate or minimize any Delayed Market Tax Costs, including with respect to the structure or terms of any Delayed Market Transaction; provided, however, that nothing in this Section 7.02 shall require or permit any Party to take or fail to take any action that is inconsistent with the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

SECTION 8. TAX RECORDS.

Section 8.01. Retention of Tax Records. Each Company shall preserve and keep all Tax Records exclusively relating to the assets and activities of its Group for Pre-Distribution Periods, and Pluto shall preserve and keep all other Tax Records relating to Taxes of the Groups for Pre-Distribution Periods (such Tax Records “Pre-Distribution Tax Records”), for so long as the contents thereof may become material in the

 

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administration of any matter under the Code or other applicable Tax Law, but in any event until the later of (i) the expiration of any applicable statutes of limitations, or (ii) seven years after the Distribution Date (such later date, the “Retention Date”). After the Retention Date, each Company may dispose of such Pre-Distribution Tax Records upon sixty (60) Business Days’ prior written notice to the other Company. If, prior to the Retention Date, (a) a Company reasonably determines that any Pre-Distribution Tax Records which it would otherwise be required to preserve and keep under this Section 8 are no longer material in the administration of any matter under the Code or other applicable Tax Law and the other Company agrees, then such first Company may dispose of such Pre-Distribution Tax Records upon sixty (60) Business Days’ prior notice to the other Company. Any notice of an intent to dispose given pursuant to this Section 8.01 shall include a list of the Pre-Distribution Tax Records to be disposed of describing in reasonable detail each file, book, or other record accumulation being disposed. The notified Company shall have the opportunity, at its cost and expense, to copy or remove, within such sixty (60) Business Day period, all or any part of such Pre-Distribution Tax Records. If, at any time prior to the Retention Date, Spinco determines to decommission or otherwise discontinue any computer program or information technology system used to access or store any Pre-Distribution Tax Records, then Spinco may decommission or discontinue such program or system upon ninety (90) days’ prior notice to Pluto and Pluto shall have the opportunity, at its cost and expense, to copy, within such sixty (60) Business Day period, all or any part of the underlying data relating to the Pre-Distribution Tax Records accessed by or stored on such program or system.

Section 8.02. Access to Pre-Distribution Tax Records. The Companies and their respective Affiliates shall make available to each other for inspection and copying during normal business hours upon reasonable notice, all Pre-Distribution Tax Records (including, for the avoidance of doubt, in each case, any pertinent underlying data accessed or stored on any computer program or information technology system) in their possession and shall permit the other Company and its Affiliates, authorized agents and representatives and any representative of a Tax Authority or other Tax auditor direct access during normal business hours upon reasonable notice to any computer program or information technology system used to access or store such Pre-Distribution Tax Records, in each case to the extent reasonably required by the other Company in connection with the preparation of Tax Returns or financial accounting statements, audits, litigation, or the resolution of items under this Agreement. The Company seeking access to such Pre-Distribution Tax Records shall bear all reasonable third-party costs and expenses associated with such access, including any professional fees.

Section 8.03. Preservation of Privilege. No member of the Spinco Group shall provide access to, copies of, or otherwise disclose to any Person any documentation relating to Taxes existing as of the date hereof to which Privilege may reasonably be asserted without the prior written consent of Pluto, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld; provided that after the Combination, Spinco shall have the right to provide access, copies or disclosure of such documentation to its advisors so long as such documentation maintains its status as Privileged.

 

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SECTION 9. TAX CONTESTS.

Section 9.01. Notice. A Party shall provide prompt notice to the Indemnifying Party of any Tax Contest or written communication from a Tax Authority regarding any pending Tax audit, assessment or proceeding of which it becomes aware that could reasonably be expected to (i) obligate the other Party to make an Indemnity Payment or (ii) cause the other Party or any of its subsidiaries to incur any Taxes for which it is not indemnified under this Agreement; provided that the failure by an Party to give notice under this Section 9.01 shall not relieve the other Party’s of its indemnification obligations under this Agreement, except to the extent that the such other Party shall have been actually prejudiced by such failure. Such notice shall attach copies of the pertinent portion of any written communication from a Tax Authority and contain factual information (to the extent known) describing any asserted Tax liability in reasonable detail and shall be accompanied by copies of any notice and other documents received from any Tax Authority in respect of any such matters.

Section 9.02. Control of Tax Contests.

(a) Pluto Control. Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, Pluto shall have the right to control any Tax Contest with respect to (w) any Joint Return, (x) any member of the Pluto Group, (y) any Tax-Related Losses and (z) any member of the Spinco Pre-Combination Group relating solely to a Pre-Distribution taxable period (a “Pluto Tax Contest”). Pluto shall have absolute discretion with respect to any decisions to be made, or the nature of any action to be taken, with respect to any Pluto Tax Contest; provided, however, that to the extent any Pluto Tax Contest is reasonably likely to give rise to an indemnity obligation of Spinco under this Agreement, and, in addition to any obligations to cooperate contained in Section 7:

(i) Pluto shall keep Spinco informed in a timely manner of all material developments and events relating to such Pluto Tax Contest;

(ii) at its own cost and expense, Spinco shall have the right to participate (but not to control) the defense of any such Pluto Tax Contest other than any such Pluto Tax Contest relating to a Joint Return; and

(iii) Pluto shall not settle or compromise any such Pluto Tax Contest, other than any such Pluto Tax Contest relating to a Joint Return, without Spinco prior written consent, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed.

(b) Spinco Control. Subject to Section 9.02(a), Spinco shall have the right to control any Tax Contest with respect to Spinco or any member of the Spinco Group relating to any Post-Distribution Period (a “Spinco Tax Contest”); provided, however, that to the extent that any such Spinco Tax Contest is reasonably likely to give rise to an indemnity obligation of Pluto under this Agreement, and, in addition to any obligations to cooperate contained in Section 7,

(i) Spinco shall keep Pluto informed in a timely manner of all material developments and events relating to such Spinco Tax Contest;

 

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(ii) at its own cost and expense, Pluto shall have the right to participate (but not to control) the defense of any such Spinco Tax Contest; and

(iii) Spinco shall not settle or compromise any such Spinco Tax Contest, without Pluto’s prior written consent, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed.

(c) Each Party shall bear its own expenses in the course of any Tax Contest, other than expenses included in the definition of Tax-Related Losses.

(d) Power of Attorney. Each member of the Spinco Group shall execute and deliver to Pluto (or such member of the Pluto Group as Pluto shall designate) any power of attorney or other similar document reasonably requested by Pluto (or such designee) in connection with any Pluto Tax Contest described in this Section 9. Each member of the Pluto Group shall execute and deliver to Spinco (or such member of the Spinco Group as Spinco shall designate) any power of attorney or other similar document requested by Spinco (or such designee) in connection with any Spinco Tax Contest described in this Section 9.

SECTION 10. EFFECTIVE DATE.

Except as expressly set forth herein, this Agreement shall be effective as of the Distribution Time.

SECTION 11. SURVIVAL OF OBLIGATIONS.

Except as expressly set forth in this Agreement, the covenants contained in this Agreement, indemnification obligations and liability for the breach of any obligations contained herein, shall survive the Distribution Time and shall remain in full force and effect in accordance with their terms.

SECTION 12. DISAGREEMENTS.

Section 12.01. General. In the event of any dispute relating to this Agreement, including but not limited to whether a Tax liability is a liability of the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group (a “Dispute”), the Tax departments of each Group shall work together in good faith to resolve such Dispute within thirty (30) days.

Section 12.02. Escalation. If the Tax departments of each Group are unable to resolve a Dispute within the time period specified in Section 12.01, then the Dispute (other than a Technical Dispute) upon written request of either Company, will be escalated for resolution according to Section 7.02 of the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

 

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Section 12.03. Referral to Tax Advisor for Technical Disputes.

(a) Selection of Tax Advisor. If the Parties are not able to resolve a Technical Dispute within the time period specified in Section 12.01, then the Technical Dispute will be referred to a Tax Advisor acceptable to each of the Companies to act as an expert in order to resolve the Technical Dispute. In the event that the Companies are unable to agree upon a Tax Advisor promptly under the circumstances, the Companies shall promptly under the circumstances each separately retain an independent, nationally recognized law or accounting firm (each, a “Preliminary Tax Advisor”), which Preliminary Tax Advisors shall promptly under the circumstances jointly select a Tax Advisor free of conflicts on behalf of the Companies to resolve the Technical Dispute.

(b) Procedure of Tax Advisor.

(i) Promptly, but in no event later than fifteen (15) Business Days, after joint engagement of the Tax Advisor, Pluto and Spinco shall provide the Tax Advisor with a copy of this Agreement and an agreed statement (the “Agreed Statement”) describing the Technical Dispute. Each of Pluto and Spinco shall simultaneously deliver to the Tax Advisor and to the other Company a written submission of its final position with respect to the Technical Dispute within fifteen (15) Business Days of the delivery to the Tax Advisor of the Agreed Statement. Each of Pluto and Spinco shall thereafter be entitled to submit a rebuttal to the other’s submission, which rebuttals shall be delivered simultaneously to the Tax Advisor and to the other Company within fifteen (15) Business Days of the delivery of the Companies’ initial submissions to the Tax Advisor and to each other. Neither Company may make (nor permit any of its Affiliates or representatives to make) any additional submission to the Tax Advisor or otherwise communicate with the Tax Advisor without providing the other Company a reasonable opportunity to participate in such communication.

(ii) The Tax Advisor shall have forty-five (45) days following submission of the Companies’ rebuttals to review the documents provided to it pursuant to this Section 12.03 and to deliver its reasoned written determination resolving the Technical Dispute, including (to the extent relevant) a reasonably detailed explanation and/or computation supporting such determination. The Tax Advisor shall resolve the Technical Dispute submitted to it based solely on the factual information provided to the Tax Advisor by the Companies pursuant to the terms of this Agreement and not by independent investigation or review of questions of fact, although the Tax Advisor shall be entitled to engage in independent review and analysis of questions of Tax Law and exercise judgment with respect thereto.

(iii) The determination of the Tax Advisor in respect of a Technical Dispute shall, absent manifest error, be final, conclusive and binding on the Companies and not subject to appeal by either of the Companies, and judgment thereof may be entered or enforced in any court of competent jurisdiction. In resolving Technical Disputes, the Tax Advisor shall act as an expert and not as an arbitrator.

 

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(iv) Following receipt of the Tax Advisor’s written notice to the Companies of its resolution of the Technical Dispute, the Companies shall each take or cause to be taken any action necessary to implement such resolution of the Tax Advisor.

(v) Each Company shall pay its own fees and expenses (including the fees and expenses of its representatives) incurred in connection with the referral of the Technical Dispute to the Tax Advisor (and the Preliminary Tax Advisors, if any). All fees and expenses of the Tax Advisor in connection with such referral shall be shared equally by the Companies.

(vi) For the avoidance of doubt, (A) any Dispute that is not a Technical Dispute shall not be subject to Section 12.03 and (B) the Tax Advisor’s authority shall be limited to resolving Technical Disputes and the Tax Advisor shall not have the authority to resolve any Dispute as to the interpretation of this Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement or the Business Combination Agreement, including any Dispute as to the interpretation of this Section 12.03.

Section 12.04. Certain Interactions. Nothing in this Section 12 shall limit the rights of a Company under Section 15.15.

SECTION 13. LATE PAYMENTS.

Subject to the double-recovery provision under Section 15.10, any amounts owed by one Party to another Party under this Agreement which are not paid within thirty (30) days of the due date therefor pursuant to this Agreement shall bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the Prime Rate, from the due date of the payment under the terms of this Agreement to the date paid.

SECTION 14. EXPENSES.

Except as otherwise provided in this Agreement, each Party and its Affiliates shall bear their own expenses incurred in connection with preparation of Tax Returns, Tax Contests, and other matters related to Taxes under the provisions of this Agreement.

SECTION 15. MISCELLANEOUS.

Section 15.01. Addresses and Notices. All notices and other communications among the Parties shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly given (a) when delivered in person, (b) when delivered after posting in the national mail having been sent registered or certified mail return receipt requested, postage prepaid, (c) when delivered by FedEx or other internationally recognized overnight delivery service, or (d) when delivered by facsimile (solely if receipt is confirmed) or email (so long as the sender of such email does not receive an automatic reply from the recipient’s email server indicating that the recipient did not receive such email), addressed as follows:

If to Pluto:

[Pluto]

[Address]

Attention:

Facsimile No.:

Email:

 

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with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP

450 Lexington Ave

New York, NY 10017

Attention: Neil Barr

     Michael Mollerus

Facsimile No.: (212) 701-5125

            (212) 701-5471

Email: neil.barr@davispolk.com

            michael.mollerus@davispolk.com

If to Spinco:

[Spinco]

[Address]

Attention:

Facsimile No.:

Email:

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP

Worldwide Plaza

825 Eighth Avenue

New York, NY 10019

Attention: Stephen Gordon

     J. Leonard Teti II

Facsimile No.: (212) 474-3700

Email: gordon@cravath.com

lteti@cravath.com

or to such other address or addresses as the Parties may from time to time designate in writing by like notice.

 

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Section 15.02. Amendments and Waivers. No provisions of this Agreement shall be deemed waived, amended, supplemented or modified by any Party, unless such waiver, amendment, supplement or modification is in writing and signed by the authorized representative of the Party against whom it is sought to enforce such waiver, amendment, supplement or modification.

Section 15.03. Assignment; Parties in Interest. No Party may assign its rights or delegate its duties under this Agreement without the written consent of the other Parties. Any attempted assignment or delegation in breach of this Section 15.03 shall be null and void. This Agreement shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the Parties and their respective permitted successors and assigns. Nothing expressed or implied in this Agreement is intended or shall be construed to confer upon or give any Person, other than the Parties, any rights or remedies under or by reason of this Agreement.

Section 15.04. Severability. If any provision of this Agreement, or the application of any provision to any Person or circumstance, is held invalid or unenforceable by any court of competent jurisdiction, the other provisions of this Agreement shall remain in full force and effect. The Parties further agree that if any provision contained herein is, to any extent, held invalid or unenforceable in any respect under the Laws governing this Agreement, they shall take any actions necessary to render the remaining provisions of this Agreement valid and enforceable to the fullest extent permitted by Law and, to the extent necessary, shall amend or otherwise modify this Agreement to replace any provision contained herein that is held invalid or unenforceable with a valid and enforceable provision giving effect to the intent of the Parties.

Section 15.05. Authority. Each of the Parties represents to the other that (a) it has the corporate or other requisite power and authority to execute, deliver and perform this Agreement, (b) the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement have been duly authorized by all necessary corporate or other action, (c) it has duly and validly executed and delivered this Agreement, and (d) this Agreement is a legal, valid and binding obligation, enforceable against it in accordance with its terms, subject to applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar Laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and general equity principles.

Section 15.06. Further Action. The Parties shall execute and deliver all documents, provide all information, and take or refrain from taking action as may be necessary or appropriate to achieve the purposes of this Agreement, including the execution and delivery to the other Parties and their Affiliates and representatives of such powers of attorney or other authorizing documentation as is reasonably necessary or appropriate in connection with Tax Contests (or portions thereof) under the control of such other Party or its Affiliates in accordance with Section 9.

Section 15.07. Entire Agreement. This Agreement, together with each of the exhibits and schedules appended hereto, as well as any other agreements and documents referred to herein and therein, shall (i) together constitute the entire agreement between the Parties relating to the transactions contemplated hereby and (ii) supersede any other agreements, whether written or oral, that may have been made or entered into by or among any of the Parties or any of their respective Affiliates relating to the transactions contemplated hereby in respect of any Tax between or among any member or members of

 

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the Pluto Group, on the one hand, and any member or members of the Spinco Group, on the other hand. All such other agreements referred to in clause (ii) of the preceding sentence shall be of no further effect between the Companies and any rights or obligations existing thereunder shall be fully and finally settled, calculated as of the date hereof.

Section 15.08. TMA Controls. In the event of any inconsistency between this Agreement and the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the Business Combination Agreement or any of the Ancillary Agreements, or any other agreements relating to the transactions contemplated by the Separation and Distribution Agreement, with respect to the subject matter hereof, the provisions of this Agreement shall control.

Section 15.09. Construction. The language in all parts of this Agreement shall in all cases be construed according to its fair meaning and shall not be strictly construed for or against any Party. The captions, titles and headings included in this Agreement are for convenience only, and do not affect this Agreement’s construction or interpretation. Unless otherwise indicated, all “Section” references in this Agreement are to sections of this Agreement.

Section 15.10. No Double Recovery. No provision of this Agreement shall be construed to provide an indemnity or other recovery for any costs, damages, or other amounts for which the damaged Party has been fully compensated under any other provision of this Agreement or under any other agreement or action at Law or equity. Unless expressly required in this Agreement, a Party shall not be required to exhaust all remedies available under other agreements or at Law or equity before recovering under the remedies provided in this Agreement.

Section 15.11. Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in two (2) or more counterparts (including by electronic or .pdf transmission), each of which shall be deemed an original, but all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument. Delivery of any signature page by facsimile, electronic or .pdf transmission shall be binding to the same extent as an original signature page.

Section 15.12. Governing Law; Jurisdiction.

(a) This Agreement, and all legal actions, suits or proceeding (whether in contract or tort) that may be based upon, arise out of or relate to this Agreement or the negotiation, execution or performance hereof shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the Law of the State of Delaware, without regard to any Laws or principles thereof that would result in the application of the Laws of any other jurisdiction. The Parties expressly waive any right they may have, now or in the future, to demand or seek the application of a governing Law other than the Law of the State of Delaware.

 

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(b) Subject to the provisions of Section 12 and Article VII of the Separation and Distribution Agreement, each of the Parties hereby irrevocably and unconditionally submits to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or, if such court shall not have jurisdiction, the United States District Court for the District of Delaware, and any appellate court from any appeal thereof, in any legal action, suit or proceeding arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the Transaction Documents or the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby, and each Party hereby irrevocably and unconditionally (i) agrees not to commence any such legal action, suit or proceeding except in such courts, (ii) agrees that any claim in respect of any such legal action, suit or proceeding may be heard and determined in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or, to the extent permitted by Law, in such other courts, (iii) waives, to the fullest extent it may legally and effectively do so, any objection which it may now or hereafter have to the laying of venue of any such legal action, suit or proceeding in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or such other courts and (iv) waives, to the fullest extent permitted by Law, the defense of an inconvenient forum to the maintenance of such legal action, suit or proceeding in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or such other courts and (v) consents to service of process in the manner provided for notices in Section 15.01. Nothing in this Agreement will affect the right of any Party to serve process in any other manner permitted by Law. Nothing in this Agreement will affect the right of any Party to serve process in any other manner permitted by Law.

(c) EACH PARTY ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES THAT ANY CONTROVERSY WHICH MAY ARISE UNDER THIS AGREEMENT IS LIKELY TO INVOLVE COMPLICATED AND DIFFICULT ISSUES, AND THEREFORE IT HEREBY IRREVOCABLY AND UNCONDITIONALLY WAIVES ANY RIGHT IT MAY HAVE TO A TRIAL BY JURY IN RESPECT OF ANY ACTION DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT, ANY OF THE ANCILLARY AGREEMENTS OR THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED HEREBY OR THEREBY (INCLUDING THE FINANCING). EACH PARTY CERTIFIES AND ACKNOWLEDGES THAT (I) NO REPRESENTATIVE, AGENT OR ATTORNEY OF ANY OTHER PARTY HAS REPRESENTED, EXPRESSLY OR OTHERWISE, THAT SUCH OTHER PARTY WOULD NOT, IN THE EVENT OF LITIGATION, SEEK TO ENFORCE SUCH WAIVERS, (II) IT UNDERSTANDS AND HAS CONSIDERED THE IMPLICATIONS OF SUCH WAIVERS, (III) IT MAKES SUCH WAIVERS VOLUNTARILY AND (IV) IT HAS BEEN INDUCED TO ENTER INTO THIS AGREEMENT BY, AMONG OTHER THINGS, THE MUTUAL WAIVERS AND CERTIFICATIONS IN THIS Section 15.12.

Section 15.13. Spinco Subsidiaries. If, at any time, Spinco acquires or creates one or more subsidiaries, including pursuant to the Combination, they shall be subject to this Agreement and all references to the Spinco Group herein shall thereafter include a reference to such subsidiaries.

Section 15.14. Successors. This Agreement shall be binding on and inure to the benefit of any successor by merger, acquisition of assets, or otherwise, to any of the Parties hereto (including but not limited to any successor of Pluto or Spinco succeeding to the Tax Attributes of either under Section 381 of the Code), to the same extent as if such successor had been an original Party to this Agreement.

 

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Section 15.15. Specific Performance. In the event of any actual or threatened default in, or breach of, any of the terms, conditions and provisions of this Agreement, the Party who is, or is to be, thereby aggrieved shall have the right to specific performance and injunctive or other equitable relief in respect of its rights under this Agreement without the necessity of proving actual damages or the inadequacy of monetary damages as a remedy, in addition to any other remedy to which such Party is entitled hereunder. The Parties agree that the remedies at law for any breach or threatened breach, including monetary damages, are inadequate compensation for any loss hereunder or default herein or breach hereof and that any defense in any Action for specific performance that a remedy at law would be adequate is waived. Any requirements for the securing or posting of any bond with such remedy are waived by each of the Parties.

* * * * *

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, each Party has caused this Agreement to be executed on its behalf by a duly authorized officer on the date first set forth above.

 

PLUTO INC.
By:  

         

  Name: [●]
  Title:   [●]
SPINCO INC.
By:  

         

  Name: [●]
  Title:   [●]

 

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EX-2.8

Exhibit 2.8

FORM OF

EMPLOYEE MATTERS AGREEMENT

This EMPLOYEE MATTERS AGREEMENT (this “Agreement”) dated as of [•], is by and between PFIZER INC., a Delaware corporation (“Pluto”), and UPJOHN INC., a Delaware corporation (“Spinco”). Pluto and Spinco are sometimes referred to herein individually as a “Party” and collectively as the “Parties.”

R E C I T A L S:

WHEREAS, the Board of Directors of Pluto has determined that it is appropriate and desirable to separate the Spinco Business from the Pluto Business so that, as of the Distribution Date, the Spinco Business is held by members of the Spinco Group and the Pluto Business is held by members of the Pluto Group (the “Separation”); and

WHEREAS, in furtherance of the foregoing, the Parties have entered into this Agreement, which is an Ancillary Agreement to the Separation and Distribution Agreement by and between the Parties, dated as of July 29, 2019 (the “Separation Agreement”), to govern the rights and obligations of the Parties with respect to employment, compensation, employee benefits and related matters in connection with the Transactions, and to ratify actions previously taken in connection with the Contribution, as set forth herein.

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual agreements, provisions and covenants contained in this Agreement, and for other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the Parties, intending to be legally bound, hereby agree as follows:

ARTICLE I

DEFINITIONS

Capitalized terms used but not defined herein shall have the meaning ascribed to them in the Separation Agreement. For purposes of this Agreement the terms set forth below shall have the following meanings:

Actuarial Assumptions” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.02(e).

Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

Asset Sale Effective Time” has the meaning set forth in the Business Combination Agreement.

China Heating Allowance” has the meaning set forth in Section 12.03.

COBRA” means the continuation coverage requirements for “group health plans” under Title X of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985, as amended from time to time, and as codified in Section 4980B of the Code and Sections 601 through 608 of ERISA and any similar foreign, state or local Laws.


Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

Converted Spinco RSU Awards” has the meaning set forth in the Business Combination Agreement.

DC Transfer Amount” has the meaning set forth in Section 6.03(c).

Determination Date” has the meaning set forth in the Business Combination Agreement.

Employee” means any Pluto Employee or Spinco Employee.

Employment Tax” means any Tax with respect to wages or other compensation of Employees and Former Employees, including the employers’ and the employees’ portion of any such Tax.

ERISA” means the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended from time to time.

FMLA” means the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, as amended from time to time, and any similar foreign, state or local Laws.

Forfeited Pluto Equity Awards” has the meaning set forth in Section 11.02(b).

Former Employee” means a Former Pluto Employee or a Former Spinco Employee.

Former Pluto Employee” means any individual who is a former employee of Pluto or any of its Subsidiaries as of the Distribution Time and who is not a Former Spinco Employee.

Former Pluto Independent Contractor” means any individual who is a former independent contractor of Pluto or any of its Subsidiaries as of the Distribution Time and who is not a Former Spinco Independent Contractor.

Former Pluto Service Provider” means a Former Pluto Employee or Former Pluto Independent Contractor.

Former Service Provider” means a Former Pluto Service Provider or Former Spinco Service Provider.

Former Spinco Employee” means any individual whose employment with Pluto and its Subsidiaries terminated (or who went on long-term disability leave) on or after December 1, 2018 (for individuals employed outside the United States) or January 1, 2019 (for individuals employed in the United States) and prior to the Distribution Time, and who immediately prior to such termination (or, for individuals on long-term disability leave, immediately prior to ceasing active employment) was exclusively or primarily engaged in the Spinco Business.

Former Spinco Independent Contractor” means any individual independent contractor whose engagement with Pluto and its Subsidiaries terminated on or after December 1, 2018 (for individuals providing services outside the United States) or January 1, 2019 (for individuals providing services in the United States) and prior to the Distribution Time, and who immediately prior to such termination was exclusively or primarily engaged in the Spinco Business.

 

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Former Spinco Service Provider” means a Former Spinco Employee or Former Spinco Independent Contractor.

Health and Welfare Plans” means, when immediately preceded by “Pluto,” the Pluto Health Plans, the Pluto Health and Insurance Program, and the other health and welfare plans established and maintained by the Pluto Group and, when immediately preceded by “Spinco,” Spinco Health Plans, and the other health and welfare plans sponsored or maintained by or to be established, sponsored or maintained by the Spinco Group.

Health Plans” means, when immediately preceded by “Pluto,” the group health plans and such other health plans or programs, including medical, prescription drug, dental and vision plans and programs established and maintained by the Pluto Group and, when immediately preceded by “Spinco,” the health plans, programs and arrangements sponsored or maintained by or to be established, sponsored or maintained by the Spinco Group.

IRS” means the United States Internal Revenue Service.

Japan Lyrica Employee” means any Spinco Employee who, as of the Distribution Date, is primarily engaged in the sale or marketing of Lyrica in Japan.

Japan Pension Plan Transfer Amount” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.03(a).

Japan Pluto DC Participants” has the meaning set forth in Section 6.03(c).

Labor Agreement” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.01.

Life Insurance Plans” means, when immediately preceded by “Pluto,” the life insurance plans of the Pluto Group, and, when immediately preceded by “Spinco,” the life insurance plans sponsored or maintained or to be established or maintained by the Spinco Group that corresponds to the respective Pluto Life Insurance Plan.

Mercer” means the business unit of Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc. operating under the name “Mercer.”

Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan Transfer Amounts” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.02(a).

Participating Company” means, with respect to any Plan: (a) any Person (other than an individual) that Pluto has approved for participation in, has accepted participation in, and which is participating in, a Plan sponsored by the Pluto Group; or (b) any Person (other than an individual) which, by the terms of such Plan, participates in such Plan or any employees of which, by the terms of such Plan, participate in or are covered by such Plan.

Party” has the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

PBO” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.02(a).

 

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Plan” means any written or unwritten plan, policy, program, payroll practice, arrangement, contract, trust, insurance policy, or any agreement or funding vehicle providing compensation or benefits to Service Providers, Former Service Providers or directors of a member of the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group.

Pluto” has the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

Pluto Canada Retiree Medical Plan” means the Pfizer Canada ULC Post-Retirement Benefit Plan.

Pluto Delayed Employment Period” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.01(e).

Pluto Delayed Transfer Employee” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.01(e).

Pluto Employees” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.01(a).

Pluto Equity Awards” means a Pluto Option Award, Pluto RSU Award, Pluto TSRU Award, Pluto Performance Share Award or Pluto Portfolio Performance Share Award.

Pluto Flexible Benefits Plans” means the Pluto Health Care Spending Account Plan and the Pluto Dependent Care Spending Account Plan.

Pluto Independent Contractors” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.02.

Pluto Individual Agreement” means any individual (a) employment contract or offer letter, (b) retention, severance or change in control agreement, (c) expatriate (including any international assignee) contract or agreement (including agreements and obligations regarding repatriation, relocation or equalization of Taxes and living standards in the host country) or (d) other agreement containing restrictive covenants (including confidentiality, non-competition and non-solicitation provisions) between a member of the Pluto Group and (i) a Pluto Employee or (ii) a Former Pluto Employee, in each case, as in effect immediately prior to the Distribution Date.

Pluto Japan Pension Plan” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.03(a).

Pluto Leave of Absence Programs” means the personal, medical, military and FMLA leave and other leaves of absence required by applicable Law or offered from time to time under the personnel policies and practices of the Pluto Group.

Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.02(a).

Pluto Nonqualified Plans” means the plans identified in Annex A.

Pluto Option Award” means an award of an option to purchase Pluto Shares pursuant to a Pluto Stock Plan.

“Pluto Performance Share Award” means an award to receive Pluto Shares that is subject to corporate performance criteria, issued pursuant to a Pluto Stock Plan.

 

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Pluto Plans” means the Plans established, sponsored or maintained by any member of the Pluto Group but excluding any Spinco Plans.

Pluto Portfolio Performance Share Award” means an award to receive Pluto Shares that is subject to corporate performance criteria related to Pluto’s long-term product portfolio during a five (5)-year period, issued pursuant to a Pluto Stock Plan.

Pluto RSU Award” means an award representing a contractual right to receive Pluto Shares or the cash value thereof, which right is subject to transfer restrictions or to employment and/or performance vesting conditions, issued pursuant to a Pluto Stock Plan.

Pluto Service Provider” means a Pluto Employee or Pluto Independent Contractor.

Pluto Share” means a share of Pluto Common Stock.

Pluto Stock Plan” means the Pluto Inc. 2019 Stock Plan, Pluto Inc. 2014 Stock Plan, Pluto Inc. 2004 Stock Plan and any other plan, program or arrangement, pursuant to which employees and other service providers hold Pluto Option Awards, Pluto RSU Awards, Pluto TSRU Awards, Pluto Performance Share Awards, Pluto Portfolio Performance Share Awards or other Pluto equity incentives.

Pluto TSRU Award” means an award of total shareholder return units with respect to Pluto Shares granted pursuant to a Pluto Stock Plan that is settled based on the change in the stock price of Pluto Shares over the applicable settlement period, as well as accrued dividend equivalents, subject to certain restrictions.

Puerto Rico Retiree Medical Plan” means the Puerto Rico Retiree Medical and Dental Plan.

Puerto Rico Savings Plan” means the Pluto Puerto Rico Savings Plan for Employees Resident in Puerto Rico.

QDRO” means a domestic relations order that qualifies under Section 414(p) of the Code and Section 206(d) of ERISA and that creates or recognizes an alternate payee’s right to, or assigns to an alternate payee, all or a portion of the benefits payable to a participant under a plan qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code.

Requesting Party” has the meaning set forth in Section 14.05.

Savings Plan” means, when immediately preceded by “Pluto,” the Pluto Savings Plan, a defined contribution plan, and, when immediately preceded by “Spinco,” the defined contribution plan funded by a trust that is qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code and exempt from taxation under Section 501(a)(1) of the Code, to be established, sponsored or maintained by Spinco pursuant to Section 6.01(c).

Service Provider” means a Pluto Service Provider or Spinco Service Provider.

Separation” has the meaning set forth in the Recitals.

 

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Separation Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the Recitals.

Share Sale Effective Time” has the meaning set forth in the Business Combination Agreement.

Spinco” has the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

Spinco Delayed Employment Period” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.01(d).

Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.01(d).

Spinco Employee” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.01(a).

Spinco Flexible Benefits Plans” means the Spinco Health Care Spending Account Plan and the Spinco Dependent Care Spending Account Plan to be established, sponsored or maintained by Spinco to accept a spin-off of the flexible spending reimbursement accounts of Spinco Employees under the respective Pluto Flexible Benefits Plans in accordance with Section 8.04.

Spinco Fringe Benefits” means any fringe benefits, plans, programs and arrangements sponsored or maintained or to be established, sponsored or maintained by the Spinco Group.

Spinco Independent Contractors” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.02.

Spinco Individual Agreement” means any individual (a) employment contract or offer letter, (b) retention, severance or change in control agreement, (c) expatriate (including any international assignee) contract or agreement (including agreements and obligations regarding repatriation, relocation or equalization of Taxes and living standards in the host country) or (d) other agreement containing restrictive covenants (including confidentiality, non-competition and non-solicitation provisions) between a member of the Pluto Group or Spinco Group and (i) a Spinco Employee or (ii) Former Spinco Employee, as in effect immediately prior to the Distribution Date.

Spinco Japan Defined Contribution Plan” means the Pluto Kigyougata Nenkin Kiyaku.

Spinco Japan Pension Plan” means the Pluto Kigyou Nenkin Kikin Kiyaku.

Spinco Long-Term Disability Plans” means the long-term disability plans sponsored or maintained or to be established, sponsored or maintained by the Spinco Group.

Spinco Make-Whole Award” has the meaning set forth in Section 11.02(b).

Spinco Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.02(a).

Spinco Plans” means the Plans sponsored or maintained by Spinco or to be established, sponsored or maintained by any member of the Spinco Group as of or after the Distribution Time.

 

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Spinco Retiree Medical Plan” has the meaning set forth in Section 9.01.

Spinco Savings Plan” has the meaning set forth in Section 6.01(c).

Spinco Service Provider” means a Spinco Employee or Spinco Independent Contractor.

Spinco Short-Term Disability Plans” means the short-term disability plans sponsored or maintained or to be established, sponsored or maintained by the Spinco Group.

Spinco Stock Plan” means the Spinco Stock Plan established by Spinco as of the Distribution Time pursuant to Section 11.01.

Transferred Account Balances” has the meaning set forth in Section 8.04.

Transferred Defined Benefit Plan Participants” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.02(a).

Transferred Japan Pension Plan Participants” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.03(a).

U.S. Retiree Medical Plan” means the Pluto Retiree Medical Plan providing for medical and voluntary dental coverage.

Utah Ordinary Share” has the meaning set forth in the Business Combination Agreement.

WARN” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.07.

ARTICLE II

GLOBAL PROVISION; GENERAL ALLOCATION OF LIABILITIES

Section 2.01 General Principles. All provisions herein shall be subject to the requirements of all applicable Law and any collective bargaining, works council or similar agreement or arrangement with any labor union, works council or other labor representative (each, a “Labor Agreement”). Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, if the terms of a Labor Agreement or applicable Law require that any Assets or Liabilities be retained or assumed by, or transferred to, a Party in a manner that is different than what is set forth in this Agreement, such retention, assumption or transfer shall be made in accordance with the terms of such Labor Agreement and applicable Law and shall not be made as otherwise set forth in this Agreement; provided that, in such case, the Parties shall take all necessary action to preserve the economic terms of the allocation of Assets and Liabilities contemplated by this Agreement. The provisions of this Agreement shall apply in respect of all jurisdictions wherever situated; provided, however, that to the extent a Local Separation Agreement addresses employment, the services of individual independent contractors, compensation or benefit matters, the terms of such Local Separation Agreement shall govern in respect of matters relating to Service Providers employed or providing services in the applicable jurisdiction or Former Service Providers previously employed or providing services in the applicable jurisdiction; provided further that, unless otherwise agreed, such Local Separation Agreement shall be consistent with the principles set forth herein.

 

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Section 2.02 Acceptance and Assumption of Spinco Liabilities. Except as otherwise provided by this Agreement, as of no later than immediately prior to the Distribution Time, Spinco and the applicable Spinco Designees shall accept, assume and agree faithfully to perform, discharge and fulfill all of the following Liabilities in accordance with their respective terms (each of which shall be considered a Spinco Liability), regardless of when or where such Liabilities arose or arise, or whether the facts on which they are based occurred prior to or subsequent to the Distribution Time, regardless of where or against whom such Liabilities are asserted or determined (including any Liabilities arising out of Actions by Pluto’s or Spinco’s respective directors, officers, Service Providers, Former Service Providers, agents, Subsidiaries or Affiliates against any member of the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group) or whether asserted or determined prior to the date hereof, and regardless of whether arising from or alleged to arise from negligence, recklessness, violation of Law, fraud or misrepresentation by any member of the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group, or any of their respective directors, officers, Service Providers, Former Service Providers, agents, Subsidiaries or Affiliates:

(a) any and all wages, salaries, incentive compensation, equity compensation, commissions, bonuses and any other compensation or benefits payable to or on behalf of any Spinco Service Providers and Former Spinco Service Providers after the Distribution Time, without regard to when such wages, salaries, incentive compensation, equity compensation, commissions, bonuses or other compensation or benefits are or may have been awarded or earned;

(b) any and all Liabilities arising out of, relating to or resulting from the employment, service, termination of employment or termination of service of all Spinco Service Providers and Former Spinco Service Providers and their respective dependents and beneficiaries, other than any Liabilities expressly assumed or retained by Pluto under the Separation Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement;

(c) any and all Liabilities whatsoever with respect to Actions under a Spinco Plan; and

(d) any and all Liabilities expressly assumed or retained by any member of the Spinco Group pursuant to this Agreement.

Section 2.03 Acceptance and Assumption of Pluto Liabilities. Except as otherwise provided by this Agreement, as of no later than immediately prior to the Distribution Time, Pluto and certain members of the Pluto Group designated by Pluto shall accept, assume and agree faithfully to perform, discharge and fulfill all of the following Liabilities in accordance with their respective terms (each of which shall be considered a Pluto Liability), regardless of when or where such Liabilities arose or arise, or whether the facts on which they are based occurred prior to or subsequent to the Distribution Time, regardless of where or against whom such Liabilities are asserted or determined (including any Liabilities arising out of Actions by Pluto’s or Spinco’s respective directors, officers, Service Providers, Former Service Providers, agents, Subsidiaries or Affiliates against any member of the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group) or whether asserted or

 

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determined prior to the date hereof, and regardless of whether arising from or alleged to arise from negligence, recklessness, violation of Law, fraud or misrepresentation by any member of the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group, or any of their respective directors, officers, Service Providers, Former Service Providers, agents, Subsidiaries or Affiliates:

(a) any and all wages, salaries, incentive compensation, equity compensation, commissions, bonuses and any other compensation or benefits payable to or on behalf of any Pluto Service Providers and Former Pluto Service Providers after the Distribution Time, without regard to when such wages, salaries, incentive compensation, equity compensation, commissions, bonuses or other compensation or benefits are or may have been awarded or earned;

(b) any and all Liabilities arising out of, relating to or resulting from the employment, service, termination of employment or termination of service of all Pluto Service Providers and Former Pluto Service Providers and their respective dependents and beneficiaries, other than any Liabilities expressly assumed or retained by Spinco under the Separation Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement;

(c) any and all Liabilities whatsoever with respect to Actions under a Pluto Plan;

(d) all Liabilities arising out of, relating to or resulting from the transfer of Spinco Employees from the Pluto Group to the Spinco Group that arise in respect of any applicable notice and/or severance obligations, obligations to transfer or obligations to notify and/or consult in compliance with a Labor Agreement or applicable Law, in each case, solely with respect to transfers contemplated by the Internal Reorganization Plan, other than (i) any Liabilities arising in connection with the Spinco Group’s noncompliance with applicable Law, the Separation Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement, any Labor Agreement, any Plan or any Spinco Individual Agreement, in each case, following the Distribution Date or relating to an action or inaction of Utah or its Affiliates before, on or after the Distribution Date, or (ii) any Liabilities that are otherwise allocated to Spinco under the Separation Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement; and

(e) any and all Liabilities expressly assumed or retained by any member of the Pluto Group pursuant to this Agreement.

Section 2.04 Unaddressed Liabilities. To the extent that this Agreement does not address particular Liabilities whether under a Plan or otherwise and the Parties later determine that they should be allocated in connection with the Distribution, the Parties shall agree in good faith on the allocation, taking into account the handling of comparable Liabilities under this Agreement.

 

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ARTICLE III

GENERAL PLAN MATTERS

Section 3.01 Pluto Plans.

(a) Participation in Pluto Plans. Except as otherwise set forth herein, effective as of the Distribution Date, (i) all Spinco Employees and Former Spinco Employees shall cease actively participating in, or accruing benefits in respect of, the Pluto Plans and (ii) Spinco and each member of the Spinco Group, to the extent applicable, shall cease to be a Participating Company in any Pluto Plan.

(b) Spinco’s Obligations Regarding Pluto Plans. With respect to any Pluto Plan that provides benefits to a Spinco Employee or Former Spinco Employee following the Distribution Time, the Spinco Group shall cooperate with the Pluto Group on a timely basis to assist with the Pluto Group’s administration of such Plans, including with respect to: (i) assisting in the administration of claims, to the extent requested by the claims administrator of such Pluto Plan; (ii) cooperating fully with the Pluto Plan auditors; (iii) providing payroll processing support; (iv) certifying the qualification of and administering QDROs; (v) preserving the confidentiality of all financial arrangements the Pluto Group has or may have with any entity or individual with which the Pluto Group has entered into an agreement relating to the administration of such Pluto Plan; and (vi) preserving the confidentiality of participant Information to the extent not specified otherwise in this Agreement.

(c) Reporting and Disclosing Communications to Participants. Subject to any limitations imposed by applicable Law, the Spinco Group shall provide to the Pluto Group all Information required by the Pluto Group to facilitate communications related to the Pluto Plans. If requested by Pluto, the Spinco Group shall take, or cause to be taken, all actions necessary or appropriate to facilitate the timely distribution of all communications and materials related to the Pluto Plans to participating Spinco Employees or Former Spinco Employees; provided that such communications shall be subject to the review of Spinco or the applicable member of the Spinco Group.

(d) Pluto Under No Obligation to Maintain Pluto Plans. Nothing in this Agreement shall preclude the Pluto Group, at any time, from amending, merging, modifying, terminating, eliminating, reducing or otherwise altering in any respect any Pluto Plan, any benefit under any Pluto Plan or any trust, insurance policy or funding vehicle related to any Pluto Plan.

Section 3.02 Spinco Plans.

(a) Establishment of Spinco Plans. Effective as of the Distribution Date, Spinco, or another member of the Spinco Group, shall adopt or designate Spinco Health and Welfare Plans, Spinco Fringe Benefits, a Spinco Life Insurance Plan, a Spinco Long-Term Disability Plan, a Spinco Short-Term Disability Plan, a Spinco Flexible Benefits Plan, a Spinco Savings Plan, a Spinco Retiree Medical Plan, Spinco Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans and such other Spinco Plans as may be determined to be appropriate by the Parties, which Spinco Plans shall generally correspond to the Pluto Plans in which Spinco Employees and Former Spinco Employees

 

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participated immediately prior to the Distribution Date. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, such designated Spinco Plans may be the plans sponsored or maintained by Utah or its Affiliates.

(b) Cooperation in Establishment of Spinco Plans. Prior to the Distribution Date, the Pluto Group and the Spinco Group shall cooperate to establish Spinco Plans and the related insurance contracts, third-party service provider agreements and other related agreements and arrangements.

(c) Spinco Under No Obligation to Maintain Plans. From and after the Distribution Time, the Spinco Group shall retain all of the Spinco Plans, including all related Liabilities and Assets, and any related trusts and other funding vehicles and insurance contracts of any such plans other than as specifically provided in this Agreement; provided, however, that the applicable member of the Spinco Group may make such changes, modifications or amendments to such Spinco Plan as may be required by applicable Law or to reflect the Separation Agreement, including limiting participation in any such Spinco Plan to Spinco Employees or Former Spinco Employees who participated in the corresponding Pluto Plan immediately prior to the Distribution Time. Except as otherwise specified in this Agreement or the Business Combination Agreement, Spinco or any member of the Spinco Group may, at any time after the Distribution Date, amend, merge, modify, terminate, eliminate, reduce or otherwise alter in any respect any Spinco Plan, any benefit under any Spinco Plan or any trust, insurance contract or funding vehicle related to any Spinco Plan.

(d) Transfers of Plan Assets. Except as expressly provided in this Agreement, nothing in this Agreement shall require Pluto or any member of the Pluto Group to transfer to the Spinco Group any Assets of any member of the Pluto Group or any Pluto Plan.

Section 3.03 Terms of Participation in Spinco Plans.

(a) No Duplication or Acceleration of Benefits. In no event shall the Spinco Plans provide benefits that are duplicative of the benefits provided under the Pluto Plans for the same period of service. Pluto and Spinco shall agree on methods and procedures, including amending the respective Plan documents, to prevent Spinco Employees and Former Spinco Employees from receiving duplicate benefits from the Pluto Plans and Spinco Plans. Furthermore, unless expressly provided for in this Agreement, the Separation Agreement or in any Ancillary Agreement or required by applicable Law, no provision in this Agreement shall be construed to create any right to accelerate vesting distributions or entitlements under any Plan sponsored or maintained by a member of the Pluto Group or member of the Spinco Group on the part of any Service Provider or Former Service Provider.

(b) Service Credit. For all purposes under the Spinco Plans, the Spinco Group shall credit all service of each Spinco Employee and Former Spinco Employee with Pluto or any of its Subsidiaries or their respective predecessor entities at or before the Distribution Time, to the same extent that such service was credited under the corresponding Pluto Plans prior to the Distribution Time. The service-crediting provisions shall be subject to any respectively applicable “service bridging,” “break in service,” “employment date” or “eligibility date” rules under the Spinco Plans and the corresponding Pluto Plans.

 

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(c) Beneficiaries. References to Pluto Employees, Former Pluto Employees, Spinco Employees, Former Spinco Employees, and current and former non-employee directors of either Pluto or Spinco shall be deemed to refer to their beneficiaries, dependents, survivors and alternate payees, as applicable.

Section 3.04 Plans Not Required to Be Adopted. With respect to any Plan not addressed in this Agreement, the Parties shall agree in good faith on the treatment of such Plan, taking into account the handling of any comparable Plan under this Agreement.

ARTICLE IV

EMPLOYMENT MATTERS FOR SPINCO EMPLOYEES

Section 4.01 Transfer of Employees.

(a) Assignment and Transfer of Employees Generally. Except as otherwise provided in this Section 4.01, effective as of no later than the Distribution Date, the applicable member of the Pluto Group shall have taken such actions as are necessary to ensure that each Spinco Employee is employed by a member of the Spinco Group no later than as of the Distribution Date. For purposes of this Agreement, “Spinco Employee” means each employee of any member of the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group who (A) is employed as of the Distribution Date, (B) is exclusively or primarily engaged in the Spinco Business (in each case, including any such individual who is not actively working as of the Distribution Date as a result of an illness, injury or leave of absence approved by the Pluto Human Resources department or otherwise taken in accordance with applicable Law (but not including any individual on long-term disability)) and (C) is listed on the census of employees of the Spinco Business as of June 13, 2019, as provided to Utah prior to the date of the Separation Agreement (or is hired or transferred into the Spinco Business to replace any such employee whose employment terminates prior to the Distribution Date), or is one of up to 500 additional employees consistent with the needs and objectives of the Spinco Business and consistent with financial projections shared with Utah and ratings agencies in connection the Transactions. At Utah’s request, Spinco shall provide updated census information, but in no event more frequently than on a monthly basis. Except as otherwise provided in this Section 4.01, effective as of no later than the Distribution Date, the applicable member of the Pluto Group shall have taken such actions as are necessary to ensure that each Pluto Employee is employed by a member of the Pluto Group no later than as of immediately after the Distribution Date. For purposes of this Agreement, “Pluto Employee” means each employee of any member of the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group who is employed as of the Distribution Date (including any such individual who is not actively working as of the Distribution Date as a result of an illness, injury or leave of absence approved by the Pluto Human Resources department or otherwise taken in accordance with applicable Law), including any employee of any member of the Pluto Group or any member of the Spinco Group who is on long-term disability as of the Distribution Date, other than the Spinco Employees and the Former Spinco Employees. Each of the Parties agrees to execute, and to seek to have the applicable Employees execute, such documentation, if any, as may be necessary to reflect such assignment and/or transfer.

 

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(b) Spinco Employees to Receive Offers. For any jurisdiction in which there is a Spinco Employee but there will not be a member of the Spinco Group to employ such Spinco Employee until immediately following the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time (as applicable), Spinco shall or shall cause a member of the Spinco Group to make a written offer of employment to such Spinco Employee at least fifteen (15) Business Days prior to the Distribution Date (or earlier, if required by applicable Law), which offer shall provide (i) compensation and benefits on terms that are consistent with Section 8.18 of the Business Combination Agreement, (ii) that the Spinco Employee’s employment with the Spinco Group shall commence immediately following the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time (as applicable) and (iii) other terms that satisfy all requirements of applicable Law and are sufficient to avoid triggering redundancy, severance, termination or similar entitlements as a result of the transfer of employment from the Pluto Group to the Spinco Group.

(c) Employees with Work Visas or Permits; License To Do Business. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 4.01, a Spinco Employee who, on the Distribution Date, is employed pursuant to a work or training visa or permit that authorizes employment only by a member of the Pluto Group shall remain employed by such member of the Pluto Group following the Distribution Date until the visa or permit is amended or a new visa or permit is granted to authorize employment by a member of the Spinco Group. Any such Spinco Employee shall be treated as a Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee for purposes of this Agreement.

(d) Spinco Delayed Transfer Employees. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the case of a Spinco Employee who is not employed by a member of the Spinco Group as of immediately prior to the Distribution Date and whose employment cannot commence with, or be transferred to, the Spinco Group pursuant to Section 4.01(b) or whose transfer of employment to the Spinco Group is otherwise delayed (a “Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee”), the Parties shall cooperate in good faith to cause such Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee to provide services to the Spinco Group while remaining employed by the Pluto Group until such time as such Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee’s employment can be transferred to the Spinco Group or otherwise terminates with the Pluto Group. The Parties shall cooperate in good faith to cause each Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee to commence employment with a member of the Spinco Group as soon as reasonably practicable following the Distribution Date as permitted by applicable Law in such a manner that, to the maximum extent practical, does not trigger the right of such Spinco Employee to redundancy, severance, termination or similar pay and is otherwise consistent with the terms and conditions of this Agreement, Section 8.18 of the Business Combination Agreement and applicable Law or Labor Agreement. In respect of the Spinco Delayed Transfer Employees, unless otherwise specified, references to “Distribution Date” and “Distribution Time” in this Agreement shall be treated as references to the first date and time at which the applicable Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee’s employment commences with or transfers to a member of the Spinco Group. Notwithstanding the delayed transfer of a Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee, from and after the Distribution Date or, if earlier, the date of the applicable Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee’s termination of employment (the “Spinco Delayed Employment Period”), any Liability related to a Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee in respect of the Spinco Delayed Employment Period (including with respect to compensation and benefits paid by Pluto) shall be considered a Spinco Liability; provided that, during such period, the Spinco Group shall receive the benefit of such Spinco Delayed Transferred Employee’s services.

 

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(e) Pluto Delayed Transfer Employees. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the case of a Pluto Employee who is not employed by a member of the Pluto Group as of immediately prior to the Distribution Date or whose transfer of employment to the Pluto Group is otherwise delayed (a “Pluto Delayed Transfer Employee”), the Parties shall cooperate in good faith to cause such Pluto Delayed Transfer Employee to provide services to the Pluto Group while remaining employed by the Spinco Group until such time as such Pluto Delayed Transfer Employee’s employment can be transferred to the Pluto Group or otherwise terminates with the Spinco Group. The Parties shall cooperate in good faith to cause each Pluto Delayed Transfer Employee to commence employment with a member of the Pluto Group as soon as reasonably practicable following the Distribution Date as permitted by applicable Law in such a manner that, to the maximum extent practical, does not trigger the right of such Pluto Employee to redundancy, severance, termination or similar pay and is otherwise consistent with the terms and conditions of this Agreement and applicable Law or Labor Agreement. Notwithstanding the delayed transfer of a Pluto Delayed Transfer Employee, from and after the Distribution Date or, if earlier, the date of the applicable Pluto Delayed Transfer Employee’s termination of employment (the “Pluto Delayed Employment Period”), any Liability related to a Pluto Delayed Transfer Employee in respect of the Pluto Delayed Employment Period (including with respect to compensation and benefits paid by Spinco) shall be considered a Pluto Liability; provided that, during such period, the Pluto Group shall receive the benefit of such Pluto Delayed Transferred Employee’s services.

Section 4.02 Assignment and Transfer of Independent Contractors. Effective as of no later than the Distribution Date, (a) the applicable member of the Pluto Group shall have taken such actions as are necessary to ensure that the contract of services of each individual who is an independent contractor of any member of the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group who is actively providing services immediately prior to the Distribution Date and is exclusively or primarily engaged in the Spinco Business (collectively, the “Spinco Independent Contractors”) is transferred to a member of the Spinco Group no later than as of the Distribution Date and (b) the applicable member of the Pluto Group shall have taken such actions as are necessary to ensure that the contract of services of each individual who is an independent contractor of any member of the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group other than the Spinco Independent Contractors (collectively, the “Pluto Independent Contractors”) is transferred to a member of the Pluto Group no later than as of the Distribution Date, in each case, to the extent permitted by the applicable contract of services and subject to the consent of the applicable independent contractor to the extent required. Each of the Parties agrees to execute, and to seek to have the applicable independent contractors execute, such documentation, if any, as may be necessary to reflect such assignment and/or transfer.

Section 4.03 At-Will Status. Nothing in this Agreement shall change the employment status of any Employee from “at-will,” to the extent that such Employee is an “at-will” employee under applicable Law.

 

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Section 4.04 Severance. The Parties acknowledge and agree that the Separation, the Distribution and the assignment, transfer or continuation of the employment of Employees as contemplated by this Article IV shall not be deemed an involuntary termination of employment or a termination of services entitling any Spinco Service Provider or Pluto Service Provider to redundancy, termination, severance or similar payments or benefits.

Section 4.05 Individual Agreements.

(a) Assignment by Pluto or Spinco. (i) Pluto shall assign, or cause an applicable member of the Pluto Group to assign, to Spinco or another member of the Spinco Group, as designated by Spinco, all Spinco Individual Agreements, with such assignment to be effective as of no later than the Distribution Date and (ii) Spinco shall assign, or cause an applicable member of the Spinco Group to assign, to Pluto or another member of the Pluto Group, as designated by Pluto, all Pluto Individual Agreements, with such assignment to be effective as of no later than the Distribution Date; provided, however, that to the extent that assignment of any such Spinco Individual Agreement or Pluto Individual Agreement is not permitted by the terms of such agreement or by applicable Law, effective as of the Distribution Date, each member of the Spinco Group (in the case of each Spinco Individual Agreement) or the Pluto Group (in the case of each Pluto Individual Agreement) shall be considered to be a successor to each member of the Spinco Group or Pluto Group, as applicable, for purposes of, and a third-party beneficiary with respect to, such agreement, such that each member of the Spinco Group or Pluto Group, as applicable, shall enjoy all of the rights and benefits under such agreement (including rights and benefits as a third-party beneficiary), with respect to the business operations of the Spinco Group or Pluto Group, as applicable; provided further that in no event shall (A) Pluto be permitted to enforce any Spinco Individual Agreement (including any agreement containing non-competition or non-solicitation covenants) against a Spinco Employee for action taken in such individual’s capacity as a Spinco Employee other than on behalf of the Spinco Group as requested by the Spinco Group in its capacity as a third-party beneficiary or (B) Spinco be permitted to enforce any Pluto Individual Agreement (including any agreement containing non-competition or non-solicitation covenants) against a Pluto Employee for action taken in such individual’s capacity as a Pluto Employee other than on behalf of the Pluto Group as requested by the Pluto Group in its capacity as a third-party beneficiary.

(b) Assumption by Spinco and Pluto. Effective as of no later than the Distribution Date, Spinco shall assume and honor any Spinco Individual Agreement and Pluto shall assume and honor any Pluto Individual Agreement.

Section 4.06 Consultation with Labor Representatives; Labor Agreements. The Parties shall cooperate to inform and consult with any labor union, works council or other labor representative regarding the Transactions to the extent required by Law or a Labor Agreement. No later than as of immediately before the Distribution Time, Spinco, or another member of the Spinco Group, shall take or cause to be taken all actions that are necessary (if any) for Spinco or another member of the Spinco Group to (a) assume any Labor Agreements in effect with respect to Spinco Employees and Former Spinco Employees (excluding any Pluto Employees or Former Pluto Employees to the extent applicable) and (b) unless otherwise provided in this Agreement, assume and honor any obligations of the Pluto Group under any Labor Agreements as such

 

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obligations relate to Spinco Employees and Former Spinco Employees. No later than as of immediately before the Distribution Time, Pluto, or another member of the Pluto Group, shall take or cause to be taken all actions that are necessary (if any) for Pluto or another member of the Pluto Group to (a) assume any Labor Agreements in effect with respect to Pluto Employees and Former Pluto Employees (excluding any Spinco Employees or Former Spinco Employees to the extent applicable) and (b) assume and honor any obligations of the Spinco Group under any Labor Agreements as such obligations relate to Pluto Employees and Former Pluto Employees. Following the Distribution Time, (a) the Spinco Group shall indemnify and hold harmless the Pluto Indemnitees against any Liabilities assumed by any member of the Spinco Group pursuant to this Section 4.06 and (b) the Pluto Group shall indemnify and hold harmless the Spinco Indemnitees against any Liabilities assumed by any member of the Pluto Group pursuant to this Section 4.06.

Section 4.07 WARN Act and Other Notices. The Spinco Group shall provide any required notice under the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act and any similar foreign, state, local or other applicable Law (collectively, “WARN”) and otherwise comply with any such requirement with respect to any “plant closing” or “mass layoff” (as defined in WARN) or similar event, in each case, occurring after the Distribution Time and affecting Spinco Employees. The Spinco Group shall indemnify and hold harmless the Pluto Indemnitees against any such Liabilities relating to WARN with respect to any events occurring after the Distribution Time, in accordance with Article IV of the Separation Agreement.

ARTICLE V

DEFINED BENEFIT PLANS

Section 5.01 U.S. Defined Benefit Plans.

(a) Pluto Consolidated Pension Plan. As of the Distribution Time, the Pluto Group shall retain, and no member of the Spinco Group shall assume or retain sponsorship of, or any Assets or Liabilities with respect to, the Pluto Consolidated Pension Plan.

(b) Puerto Rico Defined Benefit Plans. As of the Distribution Time, the Spinco Group shall retain, and no member of the Pluto Group shall assume or retain sponsorship of, or any Assets or Liabilities with respect to, the Searle-Monsanto Puerto Rico Employees’ Retirement Plan and the Pluto Consolidated Pension Plan for Employees Resident in Puerto Rico. The Pluto Group and the Spinco Group shall merge the Searle-Monsanto Puerto Rico Employees’ Retirement Plan into the Pluto Consolidated Pension Plan for Employees Resident in Puerto Rico prior to the Distribution Date.

Section 5.02 Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans.

(a) Establishment of Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans. Effective as of, or as soon as practicable following, the Distribution Date, Spinco shall establish or designate defined benefit pension or termination benefit plans or arrangements, as applicable (collectively, the “Spinco Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans”), for the benefit of the Spinco Employees and Former Spinco Employees who participate in or accrue benefits pursuant to the Plans set forth on Exhibit 5.02(a)

 

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or any other arrangement with respect to which a transfer of Assets or Liabilities is required whether under a Plan or pursuant to applicable Law (collectively, the “Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans,” and the Spinco Employees and Former Spinco Employees who participate in or accrue benefits pursuant to the Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans, the “Transferred Defined Benefit Plan Participants”). Each Spinco Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan shall provide, upon the transfer of Assets referred to below (or, if there is no transfer of Assets with respect to a particular Plan because the Plan is not funded, or is funded through a funding vehicle that is not owned by the Pluto Group as of the Distribution Date), that the accrued benefits of the Transferred Defined Benefit Participants under such Spinco Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan shall in no event be less than their accrued benefits under the corresponding Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan as of the Distribution Date. With respect to any Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan that is funded through a funding vehicle that is owned or controlled by the Pluto Group, Pluto shall cause to be transferred from the trusts or other funding vehicles under such Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan to the trusts or other funding vehicles under the corresponding Spinco Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan Assets in the form of cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities or insurance contracts (to the extent allowable under the terms of such contracts and exclusively intended to cover plan benefits), the value of which shall be equal to: (i) the actuarial present value of projected benefits (that is, the “projected benefit obligation” as defined in Topic 715 in the FASB’s Accounting Standards Codification, the “PBO”) under such Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan as of the Distribution Date that is attributable to the Transferred Defined Benefit Plan Participants, divided by the PBO of all participants in such Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan as of the Distribution Date, multiplied by the market value of the Assets of such Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan at the Distribution Date; or (ii) such greater amount as is required to transfer by the applicable Plan, applicable Law or a Labor Agreement (such amounts, the “Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan Transfer Amounts”).

(b) Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan Transfer Amounts. The transfer of the Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan Transfer Amounts, and the assumption by Spinco and its Affiliates of Liabilities with respect to or relating to the Transferred Defined Benefit Plan Participants under the applicable Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans, shall be subject to such consents, approvals and other requirements as may apply under applicable Law. Spinco shall cause the corresponding Spinco Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans to accept the Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan Transfer Amounts. Actuarial determinations shall be made in accordance with Section 5.02(e). If a Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan is not required to be funded by applicable Law or is funded through a funding vehicle that is not owned or controlled by the Pluto Group as of the Distribution Date, there shall be no transfer of Assets by the Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan or by Pluto or its Affiliates.

(c) Adjustments to Plan Transfer Amounts. The Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan Transfer Amounts, if any, from each Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan shall be equitably adjusted to take into account benefit payments made from the Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan to the Transferred Defined Benefit Plan Participants after the Distribution Date but prior to the date of transfer and for any investment returns, earnings and losses on such amounts during such period. The Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan Transfer Amounts, if any, shall be determined pursuant to Section 5.02(e).

 

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(d) Assumption of Liabilities. At the times of the transfers of the Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plan Transfer Amounts (or if there is no transfer of Assets with respect to a particular Plan because the Plan is not required to be funded under applicable Law, or is funded through a funding vehicle that is not owned or controlled by the Pluto Group as of the Distribution Date, from and after the Distribution Date), the Transferred Defined Benefit Plan Participants shall cease to be participants in the Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans (and for the avoidance of doubt, shall have ceased benefit accrual prior to the Distribution Date), and Spinco and the Spinco Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans shall assume all Liabilities under the corresponding Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans in respect of the Transferred Defined Benefit Plan Participants, and Pluto and its Affiliates and the corresponding Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans shall be relieved of all such Liabilities under the Pluto Non-U.S. Defined Benefit Plans to the Transferred Defined Benefit Plan Participants.

(e) Actuarial Determinations. For purposes of this Section 5.02, actuarial determinations shall be based upon the actuarial assumptions and methodologies used in preparing the most recent audited financial statements of Pluto as of the date of the determination (except that the assumptions concerning the applicable discount rate and rate of compensation increases will be determined as of the Distribution Date by Mercer but consistent with the manner in which those assumptions were determined for the most recent audited financial statements of Pluto) (the “Actuarial Assumptions”). Unless otherwise agreed by the Parties, all actuarial determinations under this Agreement shall be made by Mercer.

(f) Delayed Transfers. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Parties may agree to delay any transfer contemplated by this Section 5.02 to be effective as of a date coincident with or as soon as practicable following the transfer of a Spinco Delayed Transferred Employee to a member of the Spinco Group or a Delayed Asset, with the references to “Distribution Date” in this Section 5.02 to be the effective date as agreed by the Parties.

Section 5.03 Pension Plan for Japan.

(a) Establishment of Pension Plan for Japan. Effective as of the Distribution Date, or as soon as practicable following the Distribution Date, Pluto shall establish or designate defined benefit pension or termination benefit plans or arrangements, as applicable (collectively, the “Pluto Japan Pension Plan”) for the benefit of the Pluto Employees and the Former Employees who participate in or accrue benefits in the Spinco Japan Pension Plan and the Pluto Employees and the Former Employees who participate in or accrue benefits pursuant to the Spinco Japan Pension Plan, the “Transferred Japan Pension Plan Participants”). The Spinco Japan Pension Plan shall provide, upon the transfer of Assets referred to below, that the accrued benefits of the Transferred Japan Pension Plan Participants under the Pluto Japan Pension Plan shall in no event be less than their accrued benefits under the Spinco Japan Pension Plan as of the Distribution Date. Spinco shall cause to be transferred from the trusts or other funding vehicles under the Spinco Japan Pension Plan to the trusts or other funding vehicles under the Pluto Japan Pension Plan Assets in the form of cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities or insurance contracts (to the extent allowable under the terms of such contracts and exclusively intended to cover plan benefits), the value of which shall be equal to: (i) the PBO under such Spinco Japan Pension Plan as of the Distribution Date that is attributable to the Transferred Japan Pension Plan

 

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Participants, divided by the PBO of all participants in such Spinco Japan Pension Plan as of the Distribution Date, multiplied by the market value of the Assets of such Spinco Japan Pension Plan at the Distribution Date; or (ii) such greater amount as is required to transfer by the Spinco Japan Pension Plan, applicable Law or a Labor Agreement (such amounts, the “Japan Pension Plan Transfer Amount”).

(b) Japan Pension Plan Transfer Amounts. The transfer of the Japan Pension Plan Transfer Amount, and the assumption by Pluto and its Affiliates of Liabilities with respect to or relating to the Transferred Japan Pension Plan Participants under the Spinco Japan Pension Plan, shall be subject to such consents, approvals and other requirements as may apply under applicable Law. Pluto shall cause the Pluto Japan Pension Plan to accept the Japan Pension Plan Transfer Amount. Actuarial determinations shall be made in accordance with Section 5.02(e).

(c) Adjustments to Plan Transfer Amounts. The Japan Pension Plan Transfer Amount from the Spinco Japan Pension Plan shall be equitably adjusted to take into account benefit payments made from the Spinco Japan Pension Plan to the Transferred Japan Pension Plan Participants after the Distribution Date but prior to the date of transfer and for any earnings and losses on such amount during such period. The Japan Pension Plan Transfer Amount shall be determined pursuant to Section 5.02(e).

(d) Assumption of Liabilities. At the times of the transfers of the Japan Pension Plan Transfer Amount, the Pluto Employees and the Former Employees shall cease to be participants in the Spinco Japan Pension Plan (and for the avoidance of doubt, shall have ceased benefit accrual immediately prior to the Distribution Date), and the Pluto Japan Pension Plans shall assume all Liabilities under the Spinco Japan Pension Plan in respect of the Transferred Japan Pension Plan Participants, and Spinco and its Affiliates and the Spinco Japan Pension Plan shall be relieved of all Liabilities under the Spinco Japan Pension Plan to the Transferred Japan Pension Plan Participants.

(e) Actuarial Determinations. For purposes of this Section 5.03, actuarial determinations shall be based upon the Actuarial Assumptions.

ARTICLE VI

DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PLANS

Section 6.01 U.S. Defined Contribution Plan.

(a) No Assumption of Defined Contribution Plan Liabilities of the Pluto Savings Plan. As of the Distribution Date, the Pluto Group shall retain, and no member of the Spinco Group shall assume or retain sponsorship of, or any Assets or Liabilities with respect to, the Pluto Savings Plan, other than with respect to the rollover of account balances described in Section 6.01(d) or any Liabilities arising from noncompliance by any member of the Spinco Group with the provisions of this Agreement.

 

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(b) Pluto Savings Plan. Prior to the Distribution Date, Pluto or another member of the Pluto Group shall amend the Pluto Savings Plan and take any other action necessary to provide that: (i) Spinco Employees shall be one hundred percent (100%) vested in their account balances under the Pluto Savings Plan as of the Distribution Date; and (ii) Spinco Employees shall be entitled to receive Matching Contributions and Retirement Savings Contributions (as such terms are defined in the Pluto Savings Plan) with respect to the portion of the plan year ending immediately prior to the Distribution Time without regard to whether the Distribution Time coincides with the end of a calendar quarter or any requirement to be employed on the last day of the plan year.

(c) Spinco Savings Plan. Spinco shall, or shall cause any member of the Spinco Group, to establish or maintain a qualified defined contribution plan (the “Spinco Savings Plan”), effective as of the Distribution Date. Spinco shall be responsible for taking all necessary, reasonable and appropriate action to establish, maintain and administer the Spinco Savings Plan so that it is qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code and that the related trust thereunder is exempt under Section 501(a) of the Code, and as soon as reasonably practicable following the Distribution Date, Spinco shall take all steps reasonably necessary to obtain a favorable determination from the IRS or obtain an opinion as to such qualification. Immediately prior to the Distribution Date, Spinco Employees shall cease active participation in the Pluto Savings Plan, and upon the Distribution Date, Spinco Employees shall be eligible to commence participation in the Spinco Savings Plan. Any minimum age or service requirements contained in the Spinco Savings Plan with respect to eligibility to participate generally or eligibility to share in any employer contributions under such plan shall be waived or deemed satisfied for Spinco Employees to the extent waived or satisfied under the Pluto Savings Plan immediately prior to the Distribution Date.

(d) Rollover of Account Balances. As soon as practicable after the Distribution Date, Pluto and Spinco shall take any and all actions as may be required to permit each Spinco Employee to elect to make rollover contributions of “eligible rollover distributions” (within the meaning of Section 402(c)(4) of the Code) in cash or loan notes in an amount equal to the entire eligible rollover distribution distributable to such Spinco Employee from the Pluto Savings Plan to Spinco Savings Plan.

Section 6.02 Spinco Puerto Rico Savings Plan

(a) Spinco Retention of the Puerto Rico Savings Plan. As of the Distribution Date, the Spinco Group shall retain, and no member of the Pluto Group shall assume or retain sponsorship of, or any Assets or Liabilities with respect to, the Puerto Rico Savings Plan, other than with respect to the rollover of account balances described in Section 6.02(c) or any Liabilities arising from noncompliance by any member of the Pluto Group with the provisions of this Agreement.

(b) Treatment of Pluto Employee Participants. Prior to the Distribution Date, Spinco or another member of the Spinco Group shall amend the Puerto Rico Savings Plan and take any other action necessary to provide that: (i) Pluto Employees shall be one hundred percent (100%) vested in their account balances under the Puerto Rico Savings Plan as of the Distribution Date; and (ii) Pluto Employees shall be entitled to receive Matching Contributions and Retirement Savings Contributions (as such terms are defined in the Puerto Rico Savings Plan) with respect to the portion of the plan year ending immediately prior to the Distribution Time without regard to whether the Distribution Time coincides with the end of a calendar quarter or any requirement to be employed on the last day of the plan year.

 

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(c) Rollover of Account Balances. As soon as practicable after the Distribution Date, Pluto and Spinco shall take any and all actions as may be required to permit each Pluto Employee to elect to make rollover contributions in cash or loan notes in an amount equal to the entire eligible rollover distribution distributable to such Pluto Employee from the Puerto Rico Savings Plan to a plan designated by Pluto and permitted pursuant to the terms of the Puerto Rico Savings Plan or applicable Law.

Section 6.03 Spinco Japan Defined Contribution Plan.

(a) Spinco Retention of the Japan Savings Plan. As of the Distribution Date, the Spinco Group shall retain, and no member of the Pluto Group shall assume or retain sponsorship of, or any Assets or Liabilities with respect to, the Spinco Japan Defined Contribution Plan, other than with respect to the rollover of account balances described in Section 6.03(b) or in connection with a plan split described in Section 6.03(c), or any Liabilities arising from noncompliance by any member of the Pluto Group with the provisions of this Agreement.

(b) Rollover of Account Balances. As soon as practicable after the Distribution Date, Pluto and Spinco shall take any and all actions as may be required to permit each Pluto Employee to elect to make rollover contributions in cash or loan notes in an amount equal to the entire eligible rollover distribution distributable to such Pluto Employee from the Spinco Japan Defined Contribution Plan to a plan designated by Pluto and permitted pursuant to the terms of the Spinco Japan Defined Contribution Plan or applicable Law.

(c) Plan Split. If applicable Law requires the Pluto Group to assume the Liabilities of the Pluto Employees under the Pluto Japan Defined Contribution Plan (“Japan Pluto DC Participants”), Spinco shall cause the transfer under the Spinco Japan Defined Contribution Plan to a plan designated by Pluto of (i) the account balances of such Japan Pluto DC Participants as of the Distribution Date of cash, cash equivalents, insurance contracts (to the extent allowable under the terms of such contracts and exclusively intended to provide benefits) or other property equal to the actual account balances of the Spinco Japan Defined Contribution Participants under such plan or such greater amount as is required by any applicable Governmental Authority having jurisdiction over the Pluto Japan Defined Contribution Plan in order to obtain approval of such transfer, and (ii) any notes corresponding to loans of the Japan Pluto DC Participants (the “DC Transfer Amount”). The transfer of the DC Transfer Amount shall be subject to such consents, Approvals and other legal requirements as may apply under applicable Law. The DC Transfer Amount to be transferred, if any, from the Spinco Japan Defined Contribution Plan shall be equitably adjusted to take into account benefit payments made from such plan after the Distribution Date but prior to the date of transfer and for any earnings and losses on such amount during such period. At the times of the transfers of the DC Transfer Amount, the Spinco Group and the Spinco Japan Defined Contribution Plan shall be relieved of all such Liabilities under such Spinco Japan Defined Contribution Plan with respect to such Japan Pluto DC Participants.

 

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Section 6.04 Non-U.S. Defined Contribution Plans. The Pluto Group shall retain, and no member of the Spinco Group shall assume or retain, sponsorship of, or any Assets or Liabilities with respect to, any defined contribution plan maintained for Spinco Employees or Former Spinco Employees in any non-U.S. jurisdiction, except with respect to the Spinco Japan Defined Contribution Plan as provided in Section 6.03 or as required by applicable Law or with respect to the rollover of account balances of Spinco Employees to the extent permissible in such non-U.S. jurisdiction or any Liabilities arising from noncompliance by any member of the Spinco Group with the provisions of this Agreement. Other than with respect to any rollover of account balances in accordance with the immediately preceding sentence or the Spinco Japan Defined Contribution Plan as described in Section 6.03, Pluto or another member of the Pluto Group shall retain all accounts and all Assets and Liabilities relating to any defined contribution plan maintained for Spinco Employees or Former Spinco Employees in any non-U.S. jurisdiction with respect to each Spinco Employee and each Former Spinco Employee.

ARTICLE VII

NONQUALIFIED PLANS

Section 7.01 Nonqualified Plans. The Pluto Group shall retain, and no member of the Spinco Group shall assume or retain sponsorship of, or any Assets or Liabilities with respect to, the Pluto Nonqualified Plans.

Section 7.02 Distributions. The Parties acknowledge that none of the Transactions shall trigger a payment or distribution of compensation under any of the Pluto Nonqualified Plans for any participant and consequently, that the payment or distribution of any compensation to which such participant is entitled under any such plan shall occur upon such participant’s separation from service from the Spinco Group or the Pluto Group or at such other time as provided in the applicable deferred compensation plan or participant’s deferral election. Spinco shall notify Pluto in writing of a Spinco Employee’s separation from service with a member of the Spinco Group within thirty (30) days thereafter. The obligations of one Party to provide Information to the other Party in order to allow the administration of the Pluto Nonqualified Plans pursuant to this Article VII are set forth in Section 14.01.

ARTICLE VIII

HEALTH AND WELFARE PLANS

Section 8.01 Health and Welfare Plan Liabilities. Except as otherwise provided in this Article VIII, including Section 8.02 regarding life insurance and Section 8.06 regarding long-term disability benefits, effective as of the Distribution Time, the Spinco Group shall retain or assume, as applicable, all Liabilities relating to, arising out of or resulting from health and welfare coverage or claims incurred by or on behalf of Spinco Employees or Former Spinco Employees under the Pluto Health and Welfare Plans and Spinco Health and Welfare Plans before, at, or after the Distribution Time. Any Liabilities incurred or paid by the Pluto Group shall be subject to reimbursement by the Spinco Group in accordance with Section 14.05.

Section 8.02 Allocation of Life Insurance Liabilities. Each Pluto Life Insurance Plan shall retain all Liabilities with respect to covered life insurance claims incurred prior to the Distribution Date by Employees and Former Employees and their respective dependents, other

 

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than any Liabilities with respect to claims incurred under a Spinco Life Insurance Plan by any such Employees or Former Employees and their respective dependents which will be retained by Spinco. The applicable Spinco Life Insurance Plans shall be responsible for all Liabilities with respect to life insurance claims incurred after the Distribution Date by Spinco Employees and their dependents. For these purposes, a claim shall be deemed to be incurred on the date of the death of the insured person.

Section 8.03 Post-Separation Transitional Arrangements.

(a) Coverage and Contribution Elections. As of the Distribution Date, Spinco shall cause the Spinco Health and Welfare Plans (including Spinco Flexible Benefits Plans) to recognize and maintain all coverage and contribution elections made by Spinco Employees and Former Spinco Employees under the corresponding Pluto Health and Welfare Plans (including the Pluto Flexible Benefits Plans) and apply such elections under Spinco Health and Welfare Plans for the remainder of the period or periods for which such elections are, by their terms, applicable. All waiting periods and pre-existing condition exclusions and actively-at-work requirements shall be waived with respect to Spinco Employees and Former Spinco Employees who were not subject to any such waiting periods, exclusions or requirements under a Pluto Health and Welfare Plan in which such employees participate immediately prior to the Distribution Date. For the avoidance of doubt, nothing herein shall prevent Spinco from conducting open enrollment and accepting elections under Spinco Health and Welfare Plans.

(b) Deductibles and Out-of-Pocket Maximums. On and after the Distribution Date, Spinco shall cause the Spinco Health Plans to recognize and give credit for or take into account all amounts applied to deductibles, out-of-pocket maximums and copayments with respect to which such expenses have been incurred by Spinco Employees and Former Spinco Employees under the Pluto Health Plans for the remainder of the calendar year in which the Distribution Date occurs.

Section 8.04 Flexible Benefits Plans Spin-Off. The Parties shall take all steps necessary or appropriate so that the account balances (whether positive or negative) (the “Transferred Account Balances”) under the Pluto Flexible Benefits Plans of each Spinco Employee or Former Spinco Employee who has elected to participate therein in the year in which the Distribution Date occurs shall be transferred, as soon as practicable after the Distribution Date, from the Pluto Flexible Benefits Plans to the corresponding Spinco Flexible Benefits Plans. Spinco Flexible Benefits Plans shall assume responsibility as of the Distribution Date for all outstanding dependent care and medical care claims under the Pluto Flexible Benefits Plans of each Spinco Employee or Former Spinco Employee for the year in which the Distribution Date occurs and shall assume and agree to perform the obligations of the analogous Pluto Flexible Benefits Plans from and after the Distribution Date. As soon as practicable after the Distribution Date, and in any event within thirty (30) days after the amount of the Transferred Account Balances is determined or such later date as mutually agreed upon by the Parties, Pluto shall pay Spinco the net aggregate amount of the Transferred Account Balances if such amount is positive, and Spinco shall pay Pluto the net aggregate amount of the Transferred Account Balances if such amount is negative.

 

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Section 8.05 COBRA. Effective as of the Distribution Time, (a) the Pluto Group shall assume or retain responsibility for complying with, and providing coverage pursuant to, the health care continuation requirements of COBRA, and the corresponding provisions of the Pluto Health Plans with respect to any Pluto Employees, Spinco Employees or Former Employees (and their covered dependents) who incur a qualifying event or loss of coverage under the Pluto Health Plans on or prior to the Distribution Time and (b) the Spinco Group shall assume or retain responsibility for complying with, and providing coverage pursuant to, the health care continuation requirements of COBRA, and the corresponding provisions of the Spinco Health Plans with respect to any Spinco Employees (and their covered dependents) who incur a qualifying event or loss of coverage under the Spinco Health Plans following the Distribution Time; provided that the Spinco Group shall retain or assume, as applicable, all Liabilities relating to, arising out of or resulting from health and welfare claims incurred by or on behalf of Spinco Employees or Former Spinco Employees (and their covered dependents) under the Pluto Health and Welfare Plans before, at, or after the Distribution Time. Any Liabilities incurred or paid by the Pluto Group shall be subject to reimbursement by the Spinco Group in accordance with Section 14.05. The Parties agree that the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Separation Agreement shall not constitute a COBRA qualifying event for any purpose of COBRA.

Section 8.06 Disability Plans. Pluto shall retain all Liabilities for long-term disability benefits with respect to (a) all Pluto Employees and Former Employees and (b) any Spinco Employee who, as of the Distribution Time, is on short-term disability leave and who subsequently becomes eligible to receive long-term disability benefits under such plans but only with respect to disability claims incurred by such Spinco Employee prior to the Distribution Time (other than, in the case of clauses (a) and (b), Liabilities for long-term disability benefits with respect to claims incurred under a Spinco Long-Term Disability Plan, which will be retained by Spinco). For this purpose, a disability claim shall be considered incurred on the date of the occurrence of the event or condition giving rise to disability. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Spinco Group shall be responsible for Liabilities related to all other compensation and benefits of such Spinco Employee or Former Spinco Employee that are allocated to the Spinco Group pursuant to this Agreement, including Liabilities related to severance or group health benefits.

Section 8.07 Leave of Absence Programs and FMLA. Effective as of the Distribution Date, (a) the Spinco Group shall honor all terms and conditions of leaves of absence that have been granted by Pluto to any Spinco Employee under a Pluto Leave of Absence Program or FMLA or other applicable Law regarding leave of absence before the Distribution Date, including such leaves that are to commence after the Distribution Date; (b) the Spinco Group shall be solely responsible for administering any such leave of absence and complying with FMLA or other applicable Laws regarding leave of absence with respect to Spinco Employees; and (c) the Spinco Group shall recognize all periods of service of Spinco Employees with the members of the Pluto Group, as applicable, to the extent such service is recognized by the members of the Pluto Group for the purpose of eligibility for leave entitlement under the Pluto Leave of Absence Programs, FMLA and other applicable Laws.

 

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Section 8.08 Pluto Workers’ Compensation Program. The treatment of workers’ compensation shall be governed by the Separation Agreement.

ARTICLE IX

RETIREE MEDICAL PLANS

Section 9.01 Pluto Canada Retiree Medical Plan. Effective as of no later than the Distribution Time, each Spinco Employee who participates in or accrues benefits pursuant to the Pluto Canada Retiree Medical Plan, or who would have been eligible to participate in the Pluto Canada Retiree Medical Plan as of the Distribution Time (subject to satisfaction of the age and service requirements thereof), (a) shall cease actively participating or being eligible to become a participant, or accruing service towards eligibility, in the Pluto Canada Retiree Medical Plan, and the Pluto Group shall have no Liabilities in respect of the provision of post-retirement medical benefits to such Spinco Employee, and (b) shall commence participating or accruing service towards eligibility and level of benefits (taking into account the recognition of all prior service credit in accordance with Section 3.03(b)) in a retiree medical plan established or designated by the Spinco Group on terms that are no less favorable than those required by applicable Law or Labor Agreement or are necessary to avoid triggering redundancy, severance, termination or similar payments or benefits for such Spinco Employees (“Spinco Retiree Medical Plan”). Effective as of no later than the Distribution Time, Spinco and the Spinco Retiree Medical Plan shall assume all Liabilities under the Pluto Canada Retiree Medical Plan in respect of the Spinco Employees.

Section 9.02 Puerto Rico Retiree Medical Plan. The Spinco Group shall retain, and no member of the Pluto Group shall assume or retain sponsorship of, or any Liabilities with respect to, all individuals who are eligible to participate in the Puerto Rico Retiree Medical Plan as of immediately prior to the Distribution Date (without regard to whether he or she is an Employee or Former Employee or has enrolled in or commenced benefits under such plan) (collectively, the “Retiree Medical Plan Participants”). Spinco shall have the right to freeze, amend or terminate the Puerto Rico Retiree Medical Plan at any time following the Distribution Date; provided, however, that (a) any action with respect to the Puerto Rico Retiree Medical Plan shall not discriminate among the Retiree Medical Plan Participants and (b) Spinco shall provide the Retiree Medical Plan Participants with a reasonable period of notice prior to any such action. Notwithstanding the right to freeze, amend or terminate the Puerto Rico Retiree Medical Plan, Spinco shall be required to provide the Retiree Medical Plan Participants with benefits through continued operation of the plan, a cash payment or payments in lieu of benefits or procurement of comparable benefits through a third-party provider that maximizes the value of any substitute benefit coverage with an aggregate cash cost for such benefits and cash payments to Spinco that is no less than the amount specified on Exhibit 9.02 of this Agreement (the “Total Cost Amount”). If Spinco elects to satisfy its obligation through a cash payment or payments to the Retiree Medical Plan Participants, the amount of the payment or payments to each Retiree Medical Plan Participant shall equal the allocable portion of the actuarial value of the benefit that would have otherwise been provided had the plan continued without freeze, amendment or termination (determined based on reasonable actuarial assumptions); provided that, (i) if the Total Cost Amount would be exceeded (taking into account both the payments and costs incurred by Spinco

 

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under the Puerto Rico Retiree Medical Plan with respect to claims paid following the Distribution), the cash payments to each Retiree Medical Plan Participant shall be reduced on a proportional basis but only to the extent that the Total Cost Amount is not exceeded and (ii) if the Total Cost Amount would not be exceeded (taking into account both the payments and costs incurred by Spinco under the Puerto Rico Retiree Medical Plan with respect to claims paid following the Distribution), the remaining amount up to the Total Cost Amount shall be allocated on a proportional basis.

Section 9.03 U.S. Retiree Medical Plan. The Pluto Group shall retain, and no member of the Spinco Group shall assume sponsorship of, or any Liabilities with respect to, the U.S. Retiree Medical Plan.

ARTICLE X

NON-EQUITY INCENTIVE PRACTICES AND PLANS

Section 10.01 Corporate Bonus Practices. The Spinco Group shall be responsible for determining all non-equity bonus awards that would otherwise be payable to Spinco Employees or Former Spinco Employees for any performance periods that are open as of the Distribution Time. The Spinco Group shall also determine for Spinco Employees or Former Spinco Employees (a) the extent to which established performance criteria (as interpreted by the Spinco Group, in its sole discretion) have been met, and (b) the payment level for each Spinco Employee or Former Spinco Employee. The Spinco Group shall assume all Liabilities with respect to any such bonus awards payable to Spinco Employees or Former Spinco Employees for any performance periods that are open as of the Distribution Time and thereafter, and no member of the Pluto Group shall have any obligations with respect thereto. For the avoidance of doubt, the Pluto Group shall assume or retain all Liabilities with respect to any non-equity bonus awards that would otherwise be payable to Pluto Employees or Former Pluto Employees for any performance periods that are open as of the Distribution Time.

Section 10.02 Spinco Retained Bonus Plans. No later than the Distribution Time, the Spinco Group shall continue to retain (or assume as necessary) any incentive plan for the exclusive benefit of Spinco Employees and Former Spinco Employees, whether or not sponsored by the Spinco Group, and, from and after the Distribution Time, shall be solely responsible for all Liabilities thereunder.

ARTICLE XI

EQUITY COMPENSATION

Section 11.01 Spinco Stock Plan. Effective as of no later than immediately prior to the Distribution Time, Spinco shall adopt, and its shareholder shall approve, the Spinco Stock Plan in the form provided to Spinco by Utah prior to the Distribution Date, which form shall be subject to Spinco’s reasonable review and comment.

 

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Section 11.02 Equity Awards Held by Spinco Employees.

(a) Vested Awards and Pro Rata Vested Awards. As of immediately prior to the Distribution Time, each Pluto Equity Award held by a Spinco Employee (including any Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee notwithstanding the delayed transfer) that is outstanding and unvested shall vest (or, in the case of a performance-based Pluto Equity Award, the applicable service requirement shall be deemed satisfied) in respect of a prorated portion of the Pluto Shares subject to such Pluto Equity Award equal to the product of (i) the total number of Pluto Shares subject to such Pluto Equity Award, and (ii) a fraction (A) the numerator of which is the number of days elapsed from the applicable date of grant through the day prior to the Distribution Date and (B) the denominator of which is the total number of days in the vesting period. Each Pluto Equity Award that is held by a Spinco Employee and that is outstanding and vested immediately prior to the Distribution Time (including any portion of a Pluto Equity Award that becomes vested or for which the applicable service requirement is deemed satisfied pursuant to the immediately preceding sentence), shall remain denominated, as of immediately following the Distribution Time, in Pluto Shares and shall settle according to the existing terms of the such Pluto Awards; provided that Pluto may adjust the terms of Pluto Equity Awards as Pluto determines, in its sole discretion, to be appropriate to preserve the value of such awards as of immediately prior to and immediately following the Distribution Time, which adjustment shall not result in any Liability to the Spinco Group. Pluto shall retain all Liabilities with respect to each such vested Pluto Equity Award.

(b) Unvested Awards. As of immediately prior to the Distribution Time, each Pluto Equity Award held by a Spinco Employee (including any Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee notwithstanding the delayed transfer) that is outstanding and unvested and that does not vest pursuant to Section 11.02(a) (or, in the case of a performance-based Pluto Equity Award, for which the applicable service requirement is not deemed satisfied), shall be forfeited (the “Forfeited Pluto Equity Awards”). Effective as of the Distribution Time, Spinco shall grant to each such Spinco Employee a number of restricted stock units pursuant to the Spinco Stock Plan equal to the value of each such Forfeited Pluto Equity Award (each such award, a “Spinco Make-Whole Award”) pursuant to the terms of the Spinco Stock Plan. For purposes of determining the value of (i) the Forfeited Pluto Equity Awards, the value of a Pluto Share shall be determined based on the average weighted trading price of a Pluto Share on the Determination Date (or an average over a longer period ending on the Determination Date as determined by Pluto, provided that the averaging period shall be selected in advance of commencement thereof and shall be consistent with the period selected in clause (ii) of this Section 11.02(b)) and (ii) the Spinco Make-Whole Awards, the value of a Spinco Share shall be determined based on the average weighted trading price of a Utah Ordinary Share on the Determination Date (or an average over a longer period ending on the Determination Date as determined by Pluto, provided that the averaging period shall be selected in advance of commencement thereof and shall be consistent with the period selected in clause (i) of this Section 11.02(b)). Each such Spinco Make-Whole Award generally shall be subject to the same terms and conditions as the Forfeited Pluto Equity Awards; provided that (i) the vesting dates of any Spinco Make-Whole Award shall be the same

 

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as the vesting dates of the corresponding Forfeited Pluto Equity Award and (ii) the Spinco Make-Whole Award shall vest in full upon a termination of the applicable Spinco Employee’s employment with the Spinco Group based on terms no less favorable than those set forth Section 4.1 of the Utah Disclosure Schedule to the Business Combination Agreement and with any defined terms to be defined on terms no less favorable than the definitions applicable to the equity awards of similarly situated employees of Utah. For purposes of this Section 11.02(b), the employment of a Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee with the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group following the Distribution Time shall be treated as employment with the Spinco Group.

Section 11.03 Equity Awards Held by Pluto Employees, Former Pluto Employees and Pluto Non-Employee Directors. Each Pluto Equity Award that is held by a Pluto Employee, Former Pluto Employee or current or former non-employee director of Pluto and that is outstanding immediately prior to the Distribution Time shall remain denominated, as of immediately following the Distribution Time, in Pluto Shares; provided that Pluto may adjust the terms of Pluto Equity Awards as Pluto determines, in its sole discretion, to be appropriate to preserve the value of such awards as of immediately prior to and immediately following the Distribution Time, which adjustment shall not result in any Liability to the Spinco Group. Pluto shall retain all Liabilities with respect to each such Pluto Equity Award held by a Pluto Employee, Former Pluto Employee or current or former non-employee director of Pluto.

Section 11.04 Necessary Actions. The Parties shall, as soon as practicable after the date hereof and in no event later than the Business Day immediately prior to the Distribution Date, take all actions as may be necessary to implement the provisions of this Article XI, including adopting any necessary resolutions.

ARTICLE XII

SEVERANCE, PAID TIME OFF AND HEATING ALLOWANCE

Section 12.01 Severance. Effective as of no later than the Distribution Time, and except as otherwise provided in Section 2.03(d), (a) the Spinco Group shall assume and be solely responsible for all Liabilities with respect to redundancy, termination, severance compensation or similar payments or benefits payable or provided to any Spinco Employee, Spinco Independent Contractor or Former Spinco Service Provider following the Distribution Time, whether arising before, at or after the Distribution Time and (b) the Pluto Group shall retain or assume and be solely responsible for all Liabilities with respect to redundancy, termination, severance compensation or similar payments or benefits payable or provided to any Pluto Employee, Pluto Independent Contractor or Former Pluto Service Provider, whether arising before, at or after the Distribution Time. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event a Japan Lyrica Employee becomes entitled to severance compensation or benefits as a result of a termination of employment following the Distribution Time, the Spinco Group shall be responsible for the payment of such compensation or benefits to such Japan Lyrica Employee; provided that, following the date on which Pluto and Utah shall enter into an agreement to unwind the Pluto-Utah Japan Collaboration Agreement, the Pluto Group shall reimburse the Spinco Group for fifty percent (50%) of such compensation or benefits paid or provided by the Spinco Group to each such Japan Lyrica Employee who is provided written notice of a termination of employment or eligibility to participate in a voluntary separation program, in each case, at any time between the Distribution Time and the nine (9) month anniversary of the initial entry of generic competition to Lyrica in Japan, in accordance with Section 14.05 of this Agreement.

Section 12.02 Paid Time Off Benefits. Effective as of no later than the Distribution Time, (a) the Spinco Group shall assume and honor all paid time off of the Spinco Employees and Former Spinco Employees that is accrued as of the Distribution Time and (b) the Pluto Group shall retain or assume and honor all paid time off of the Pluto Employees and the Former Pluto Employees that is accrued as of the Distribution Time.

 

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Section 12.03 Heating Allowance. Except as otherwise provided in this Section 12.03, effective as of no later than the Distribution Date, the Spinco Group shall assume and be solely responsible for all Liabilities with respect to the heating allowance for any Spinco Employees or Former Spinco Employees located in China (the “China Heating Allowance”). The Parties may agree to delay all or any portion of the transfer of the China Heating Allowance contemplated by this Section 12.03 to be effective as of a date coincident with or as soon as practicable following the transfer of a Spinco Delayed Transfer Employee to a member of the Spinco Group or a Delayed Asset with the references to “Distribution Date” in this Section 12.03 to be the effective date as agreed by the Parties.

ARTICLE XIII

RESTRICTIVE COVENANTS

Section 13.01 Confidentiality and Proprietary Information. No provision of this Agreement, the Separation Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement shall be deemed to release any individual for any violation of the Pluto non-competition guidelines, non-solicit obligations or any agreement or policy pertaining to confidential or proprietary information of Pluto or any of its Subsidiaries, or otherwise relieve any individual of his or her obligations under such non-competition guidelines, non-solicit obligations or agreement or policy pertaining to confidential or proprietary information; provided, however, that the employment of any Spinco Employee with Spinco or any member of the Spinco Group on and following the Distribution Date shall not be a violation of any non-competition guidelines, non-solicit obligations or any agreement or policy pertaining to confidentiality or proprietary information of any member of the Pluto Group.

ARTICLE XIV

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

Section 14.01 Information Sharing and Access.

(a) Sharing of Information. Subject to any limitations imposed by applicable Law, each of Pluto and Spinco (acting directly or through members of the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group, respectively) shall provide to the other Party and its authorized agents and vendors all Information necessary (including Information for purposes of determining benefit eligibility, participation, vesting, and calculation of benefits) on a timely basis under the circumstances for the Party to perform its duties under this Agreement and applicable Law. Such Information shall include Information relating to equity awards under a Pluto Stock Plan or the Spinco Stock Plan and Information relating to termination of employment for purposes of distributions under the Pluto Nonqualified Plans. To the extent that such Information is maintained by a third-party vendor, each Party shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to require the third-party vendor to provide the necessary Information and assist in resolving discrepancies or obtaining missing data. Pluto shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless the Spinco Indemnitees for any Losses and Liabilities related to or resulting from the failure by any member of the Pluto Group to provide timely and accurate Information prior to, at or after the Distribution Time in accordance with this Agreement, and Spinco shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless the Pluto

 

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Indemnitees for any Losses and Liabilities related to or resulting from the failure of any member of the Spinco Group to provide timely and accurate Information prior to, at or after the Distribution Time in accordance with this Agreement, in each case, in accordance with Article IV of the Separation Agreement.

(b) Access to Records. To the extent not inconsistent with this Agreement, the Separation Agreement or any applicable privacy protection Laws or regulations, reasonable access to Employee-related and benefit plan related records after the Distribution Time shall be provided to members of the Pluto Group and members of the Spinco Group pursuant to the terms and conditions of Article VI of the Separation Agreement.

(c) Maintenance of Records. With respect to retaining, destroying, transferring, sharing, copying and permitting access to all Employee-related Information, the Pluto Group and the Spinco Group shall comply with all applicable Laws, regulations, the terms of this Agreement and internal policies, and shall indemnify and hold harmless the other Party and its respective Indemnitees from and against any and all Liability, Actions, and damages that arise from a failure (by the indemnifying Party or its Subsidiaries or their respective agents) to so comply with all applicable Laws, the terms of this Agreement and internal policies applicable to such Information, in accordance with Article VI of the Separation Agreement.

(d) Cooperation. Each Party shall use commercially reasonable efforts to cooperate and work together to unify, consolidate and share (to the extent permissible under applicable privacy/data protection Laws) all relevant documents, resolutions, government filings, data, payroll, employment and benefit plan Information on regular timetables and cooperate as needed with respect to (i) any claims under or audit of or litigation with respect to any employee benefit plan, policy or arrangement contemplated by this Agreement, (ii) efforts to seek a determination letter, private letter ruling or advisory opinion from the IRS or U.S. Department of Labor on behalf of any employee benefit plan, policy or arrangement contemplated by this Agreement, (iii) any filings that are required to be made or supplemented to the IRS, U.S. Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, U.S. Department of Labor or any other Governmental Authority, and (iv) any audits by a Governmental Authority or corrective actions, relating to any Benefit Plan, labor or payroll practices; provided, however, that requests for cooperation must be reasonable and not interfere with daily business operations.

(e) Confidentiality. Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, all confidential records and data relating to Employees to be shared or transferred pursuant to this Agreement shall be subject to Section 6.08 of the Separation Agreement and the requirements of applicable Law.

Section 14.02 Audits Regarding Vendor Contracts. From the period beginning on the Distribution Date and ending on such date as Pluto and Spinco may mutually agree in writing, Pluto and Spinco and their duly authorized representatives shall have the right to conduct joint audits with respect to any vendor contracts that relate to both the Pluto Health and Welfare Plans and Spinco Health and Welfare Plans. The scope of such audits shall encompass the review of all correspondence, account records, claim forms, canceled drafts (unless retained by the bank), provider bills, medical records submitted with claims, billing corrections, vendor’s internal corrections of previous errors and any other documents or instruments relating to the services

 

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performed by the vendor under the applicable vendor contracts. Pluto and Spinco shall agree on the performance standards, audit methodology, auditing policy and quality measures, reporting requirements, and the manner in which costs incurred in connection with such audits will be shared.

Section 14.03 Fiduciary Matters. Pluto and Spinco each acknowledge that actions contemplated to be taken pursuant to this Agreement may be subject to fiduciary duties or standards of conduct under ERISA or other applicable Law, and no Party shall be deemed to be in violation of this Agreement if such Party fails to comply with any provisions hereof based upon such Party’s good faith determination that to do so would violate such a fiduciary duty or standard (as supported by advice from counsel experienced in such matters). Each Party shall be responsible for taking such actions as are deemed necessary and appropriate to comply with its own fiduciary responsibilities and shall fully release and indemnify the other Party and their respective Indemnitees for any Liabilities caused by the failure to satisfy any such responsibility, in accordance with Article IV of the Separation Agreement.

Section 14.04 Consent of Third Parties. If any provision of this Agreement is dependent on the consent of any third party (such as a vendor) and such consent is withheld, Pluto and Spinco shall use their commercially reasonable best efforts to implement the applicable provision. If any provision of this Agreement cannot be implemented due to the failure of such third party to consent, Pluto and Spinco shall negotiate in good faith to implement the provision in a mutually satisfactory manner.

Section 14.05 Reimbursement of Costs and Expenses. The Parties shall promptly reimburse one another, upon reasonable request of the Party requesting reimbursement (the “Requesting Party”) as soon as practicable, but in any event within thirty (30) days of receipt of an invoice detailing all costs, expenses and other Liabilities paid or incurred by the Requesting Party (or any of its Affiliates), and any other substantiating documentation as the other Party shall reasonably request, that are, or have been made pursuant to this Agreement, the responsibility of the other Party (or any of its Affiliates) including those Liabilities, if any, under Section 6.01(b), Section 6.02(b), Section 8.01, Section 8.05, Section 15.01 and Section 15.01(b).

Section 14.06 Taxes and Filings. The Parties hereby acknowledge and agree that (a) the members of the Pluto Group shall be solely responsible for all obligations relating to reporting of Employment Taxes to the appropriate Governmental Authority, remitting the amounts of any such Employment Taxes required to be withheld or paid to the appropriate Governmental Authority and any regulatory filing obligation, in each case, related to any compensation or benefits that are required to be paid or provided by a member of the Pluto Group pursuant to this Agreement, and (b) the members of the Spinco Group shall be solely responsible for all obligations relating to reporting of Employment Taxes to the appropriate Governmental Authority, remitting the amounts of any such Employment Taxes required to be withheld or paid to the appropriate Governmental Authority and any regulatory filing obligation, in each case, related to any compensation or benefits that are required to be paid or provided by a member of the Spinco Group pursuant to this Agreement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event that the Pluto Group or the Spinco Group, as applicable, pays or incurs a cost, expense or other Liability that is, or has been made pursuant to this Agreement, the responsibility of the other Group, the amount

 

-31-


subject to reimbursement in accordance with Section 14.05 shall include the amount of Employment Taxes paid by the first Group in satisfying such obligation. In addition, with respect to each Spinco Employee and Former Spinco Employee, the Spinco Group shall be responsible for the filing of Form W-2 and Form 1095-C (to the extent applicable to such Spinco Employee or Former Spinco Employee) in respect of the year in which the Distribution Time occurs. Further, in accordance with and subject to the terms of the Tax Matters Agreement, the Pluto Group shall be entitled to any Tax deduction available in respect of all Liabilities related to compensation or benefits that it retains or assumes pursuant to this Agreement, and the Spinco Group shall be entitled to any Tax deduction available in respect of all Liabilities related to compensation or benefits that it retains or assumes pursuant to this Agreement. In the event that the treatment specified in this Section 14.06 does not comply with applicable Law or results in adverse Tax consequences to the Parties or any Employees or Former Employees, the Parties agree to negotiate in good faith alternative treatment that complies with applicable Law and does not result in adverse Tax consequences to the Parties or any Employees or Former Employees.

ARTICLE XV

MISCELLANEOUS

Section 15.01 Cooperation Relating to Claims.

(a) Duties of Spinco. Following the Effective Date, Spinco shall cooperate, and shall cause the members of the Spinco Group to cooperate fully with the members of the Pluto Group in the prosecution, defense and settlement of any claims for which any member of the Pluto Group retains Liability under this Agreement. Such cooperation shall include (i) affording the applicable member of the Pluto Group, its counsel and its other representatives reasonable access, upon reasonable written notice during normal business hours, to all relevant personnel, properties, books, contracts, commitments and records, (ii) furnishing promptly to the applicable member of the Pluto Group, its counsel and its other representatives such Information as they reasonably requested, and (iii) providing any other assistance to the applicable member of the Pluto Group, its counsel and its other representatives as they reasonably request. Pluto shall reimburse Spinco for reasonable costs and expenses incurred in assisting Pluto pursuant to this Section 15.01(a).

(b) Duties of Pluto. Following the Effective Date, Pluto shall cooperate, and shall cause the members of the Pluto Group to cooperate fully with the members of the Spinco Group in the prosecution, defense and settlement of any claims for which any member of the Spinco Group assumes Liability under this Agreement. Such cooperation shall include (i) affording the applicable member of the Spinco Group, its counsel and its other representatives reasonable access, upon reasonable written notice during normal business hours, to all relevant personnel, properties, books, contracts, commitments and records, (ii) furnishing promptly to the applicable member of the Spinco Group, its counsel and its other representatives such Information as they reasonably request, and (iii) providing any other assistance to the applicable member of the Spinco Group, its counsel and its other representatives as they reasonably request. Spinco shall reimburse Pluto for reasonable costs and expenses incurred in assisting Spinco pursuant to this Section 15.01(b).

 

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Section 15.02 No Third-Party Beneficiaries. Nothing expressed or implied in this Agreement is intended or shall be construed to confer upon or give any Person, other than the Parties, any rights or remedies under or by reason of this Agreement, except for the indemnification rights under the Separation Agreement of any Pluto Indemnitee or Spinco Indemnitee in their respective capacities as such (which is intended to be for the benefit of the Persons covered thereby and may be enforced by such Persons); provided that Utah shall be a third party beneficiary of the rights of Utah as expressly set forth in this Agreement. Nothing in this Agreement is intended to amend any employee benefit plan or affect the applicable plan sponsor’s right to amend or terminate any employee benefit plan pursuant to the terms of such plan. The provisions of this Agreement are solely for the benefit of the Parties, and no Service Provider or Former Service Provider, officer, director, or independent contractor or any other individual associated therewith shall be regarded for any purpose as a third-party beneficiary of this Agreement.

Section 15.03 Survival of Covenants. Except as expressly set forth in this Agreement, any other Ancillary Agreement, the Separation Agreement or the Business Combination Agreement, the covenants contained in this Agreement, indemnification obligations and liability for the breach of any obligations contained herein shall survive the Distribution Time and the other transactions contemplated by the Separation Agreement shall remain in full force and effect in accordance with their terms.

Section 15.04 Notices. All notices and other communications among the Parties and Utah shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly given (a) when delivered in person, (b) when delivered after posting in the national mail having been sent registered or certified mail return receipt requested, postage prepaid, (c) when delivered by FedEx or other internationally recognized overnight delivery service or (d) when delivered by facsimile (solely if receipt is confirmed) or email (so long as the sender of such email does not receive an automatic reply from the recipient’s email server indicating that the recipient did not receive such email), addressed as follows:

If to Pluto, to:

[Pluto]

[Address]

Attention:

Facsimile No.:

Email:

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz

51 West 52nd Street

New York, New York 10019

Attention:      Edward D. Herlihy

                      David K. Lam

                      Gordon S. Moodie

Email:           EDHerlihy@WLRK.com

                       DKLam@WLRK.com

                       GSMoodie@WLRK.com

 

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If to Spinco to:

[Spinco]

[Address]

Attention:

Facsimile No.:

Email:

If to Utah, to:

[Utah N.V.]

[Address]

Attention:

Facsimile:

Email:

with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP

825 8th Ave New York,

New York 10019

Attention:  Mark I. Greene

                   Thomas E. Dunn

                   Aaron M. Gruber

Email:         mgreene@cravath.com

                   tdunn@cravath.com

                   agruber@cravath.com

or to such other address or addresses as the Parties and Utah may from time to time designate in writing by like notice.

Section 15.05 Amendments and Waivers. No provisions of this Agreement shall be deemed waived, amended, supplemented or modified by any Party, unless such waiver, amendment, supplement or modification is in writing and signed by the authorized representative of the Party against whom it is sought to enforce such waiver, amendment, supplement or modification. In addition, prior to the Distribution Date, any such waiver, amendment, supplementation or modification shall be subject to the prior written consent of Utah.

Section 15.06 Governing Law Jurisdiction; WAIVER OF JURY TRIAL.

(a) Unless expressly provided by this Agreement, this Agreement and all Actions (whether in contract or tort) that may be based upon, arise out of or relate to this Agreement or the negotiation, execution or performance hereof or thereof shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the Law of the State of Delaware, without regard to any Laws or the

 

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principles thereof that would result in the application of the Laws of any other jurisdiction. The Parties expressly waive any right they may have, now or in the future, to demand or seek the application of a governing Law other than the Law of the State of Delaware.

(b) Subject to the provisions of Article VII of the Separation Agreement, each of the Parties hereby irrevocably and unconditionally submits, to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or, if such court shall not have jurisdiction, the United States District Court for the District of Delaware, or, if such court shall not have jurisdiction, the other state courts of the State of Delaware, and any appellate court from any appeal thereof, in any Action arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby, and each of the Parties hereby irrevocably and unconditionally (i) agrees not to commence any such Action except in such courts, (ii) agrees that any claim in respect of any such Action may be heard and determined in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or, to the extent permitted by Law, in such other courts, (iii) waives, to the fullest extent it may legally and effectively do so, any objection which it may now or hereafter have to the laying of venue of any such Action in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or such other courts, (iv) waives, to the fullest extent permitted by Law, the defense of an inconvenient forum to the maintenance of such Action in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or such other courts and (v) consents to service of process in the manner provided for notices in Section 10.02 of the Separation Agreement. Nothing in this Agreement will affect the right of any Party to serve process in any other manner permitted by Law.

(c) EACH PARTY ACKNOWLEDGES AND AGREES THAT ANY CONTROVERSY WHICH MAY ARISE UNDER THIS AGREEMENT IS LIKELY TO INVOLVE COMPLICATED AND DIFFICULT ISSUES, AND THEREFORE IT HEREBY IRREVOCABLY AND UNCONDITIONALLY WAIVES ANY RIGHT IT MAY HAVE TO A TRIAL BY JURY IN RESPECT OF ANY ACTION DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THIS AGREEMENT, ANY OF THE ANCILLARY AGREEMENTS OR THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED HEREBY OR THEREBY (INCLUDING THE SPINCO FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS). EACH PARTY CERTIFIES AND ACKNOWLEDGES THAT (I) NO REPRESENTATIVE, AGENT OR ATTORNEY OF ANY OTHER PARTY HAS REPRESENTED, EXPRESSLY OR OTHERWISE, THAT SUCH OTHER PARTY WOULD NOT, IN THE EVENT OF LITIGATION, SEEK TO ENFORCE SUCH WAIVERS, (II) IT UNDERSTANDS AND HAS CONSIDERED THE IMPLICATIONS OF SUCH WAIVERS, (III) IT MAKES SUCH WAIVERS VOLUNTARILY AND (IV) IT HAS BEEN INDUCED TO ENTER INTO THIS AGREEMENT BY, AMONG OTHER THINGS, THE MUTUAL WAIVERS AND CERTIFICATIONS IN THIS SECTION 15.06(c).

(d) Any controversy, dispute or claim arising out of, in connection with, or in relation to the interpretation, performance, nonperformance, validity, termination or breach of this Agreement or otherwise arising out of, or in any way related to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby shall be subject to the dispute resolution procedures set forth in Article VII of the Separation Agreement.

 

-35-


Section 15.07 Assignment; Parties in Interest. No Party may assign its rights or delegate its duties under this Agreement without the written consent of the other Parties and, prior to the Distribution Date, Spinco may not assign its rights or delegate its duties under this Agreement without the prior written consent of Utah. Any attempted assignment or delegation in breach of this Section 15.07 shall be null and void.

Section 15.08 Captions; Counterparts. The captions in this Agreement are for convenience only and shall not be considered a part of or affect the construction or interpretation of any provision of this Agreement. This Agreement may be executed in two (2) or more counterparts (including by electronic or .pdf transmission), each of which shall be deemed an original, but all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument. Delivery of any signature page by facsimile, electronic or .pdf transmission shall be binding to the same extent as an original signature page.

Section 15.09 Entire Agreement; Conflicting Agreements.

(a) The Separation Agreement, this Agreement, the other Ancillary Agreements, and the Business Combination Agreement, including any related annexes, Exhibits and Schedules, as well as any other agreements and documents referred to herein and therein, shall together constitute the entire agreement between the Parties relating to the transactions contemplated hereby and supersede any other agreements, whether written or oral, that may have been made or entered into by or among any of the Parties or any of their respective Affiliates relating to the transactions contemplated hereby.

(b) Severability. If any provision of this Agreement, or the application of any provision to any Person or circumstance, is held invalid or unenforceable by any court of competent jurisdiction, the other provisions of this Agreement shall remain in full force and effect. The Parties further agree that if any provision contained herein is, to any extent, held invalid or unenforceable in any respect under the Laws governing this Agreement, they shall take any actions necessary to render the remaining provisions of this Agreement valid and enforceable to the fullest extent permitted by Law and, to the extent necessary, shall amend or otherwise modify this Agreement to replace any provision contained herein that is held invalid or unenforceable with a valid and enforceable provision giving effect to the intent of the Parties.

(c) Specific Performance. Subject to the provisions of Article VII of the Separation Agreement, in the event of any actual or threatened default in, or breach of, any of the terms, conditions and provisions of this Agreement, the Party who is, or is to be, thereby aggrieved shall have the right to specific performance and injunctive or other equitable relief in respect of its rights under this Agreement or such Ancillary Agreement without the necessity of proving actual damages or the inadequacy of monetary damages as a remedy, in addition to any other remedy to which such Party is entitled hereunder (unless this Agreement prohibits or otherwise limits any rights to specific performance and injunctive or other equitable relief). The Parties agree that the remedies at law for any breach or threatened breach, including monetary damages, are inadequate compensation for any loss hereunder or default herein or breach hereof and that any defense in any Action for specific performance that a remedy at law would be adequate is waived. Any requirements for the securing or posting of any bond with such remedy are waived by each of the Parties. Notwithstanding Section 15.06(d) and the first sentence of this Section 15.09(c), each Party shall have the right to seek specific performance and injunctive or other equitable relief in respect of its rights under this Agreement without regard to the provisions set forth in Article VII of the Separation Agreement if reasonably necessary to avoid jeopardizing or forfeiting its ability to obtain such equitable relief.

 

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(d) No Set-Off. Except as set forth in the Business Combination Agreement, this Agreement, any other Ancillary Agreement or as otherwise mutually agreed to in writing by the Parties, neither Party nor any member of its Group shall have any right of set-off or other similar rights with respect to any amount required to be paid under this Agreement by such Party or such member of its Group, on the one hand, to the other Party or any member of such other Party’s Group, on the other hand.

(e) Late Payments. Any amounts billed or otherwise invoiced or demanded and properly payable that are not paid within thirty (30) days of the due date therefor pursuant to this Agreement shall accrue interest from such due date at a rate per annum equal to the Prime Rate.

(f) Expenses. Except as otherwise specified in the Separation Agreement, the Business Combination Agreement, this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements, and except as otherwise agreed in writing between the Parties, each Party and the members of its Group shall each be responsible for their own fees, costs and expenses paid or incurred in connection with the Transactions. The Parties agree that certain specified costs and expenses shall be allocated between the Parties as set forth on Schedule 10.12 to the Separation Agreement.

(g) Waivers of Default. Waiver by any Party of any default by the other Party of any provision of this Agreement shall not be deemed a waiver by the waiving Party of any subsequent or other default, nor shall it prejudice the rights of the other Party. No failure or delay by a Party in exercising any right, power or privilege under this Agreement shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall a single or partial exercise thereof prejudice any other or further exercise thereof or the exercise of any other right, power or privilege. In addition, unless the Business Combination Agreement shall have been terminated in accordance with its terms, as set forth in the Business Combination Agreement, prior to the Distribution Date, any such waiver by Spinco shall be subject to the written consent of Utah.

Section 15.10 Interpretation.

(a) Unless the context of this Agreement otherwise requires:

(i) (A) words of any gender include each other gender and neuter form; (B) words using the singular or plural number also include the plural or singular number, respectively; (C) derivative forms of defined terms will have correlative meanings; (D) the terms “hereof,” “herein,” “hereby,” “hereto,” “herewith,” “hereunder” and derivative or similar words refer to this entire Agreement; (E) the terms “Article,” “Section,” “Annex,” “Exhibit,” “Schedule,” and “Disclosure Schedule” refer to the specified Article, Section, Annex, Exhibit, Schedule or Disclosure Schedule of this Agreement and references to “paragraphs” or “clauses” shall be to separate paragraphs or clauses of the Section or subsection in which the reference occurs; (F) the words “include,” “includes” and “including” shall be deemed to be followed by the phrase “without limitation”; (G) the word “or” shall be disjunctive but not exclusive; and (H) the word “from” (when used in reference to a period of time) means “from and including” and the word “through” (when used in reference to a period of time) means “through and including”;

 

-37-


(ii) references to any federal, state, local, or foreign statute or Law shall (A) include all rules and regulations promulgated thereunder and (B) be to that statute or Law as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time; and

(iii) references to any Person include references to such Person’s successors and permitted assigns, and in the case of any Governmental Authority, to any Person succeeding to its functions and capacities.

(b) The language used in this Agreement shall be deemed to be the language chosen by the Parties to express their mutual intent. The Parties acknowledge that each Party and its attorney has reviewed and participated in the drafting of this Agreement and that any rule of construction to the effect that any ambiguities are to be resolved against the drafting Party, or any similar rule operating against the drafter of an agreement, shall not be applicable to the construction or interpretation of this Agreement.

(c) Whenever this Agreement refers to a number of days, such number shall refer to calendar days unless Business Days are specified. If any action is to be taken or given on or by a particular calendar day, and such calendar day is not a Business Day, then such action may be deferred until the next Business Day.

(d) The phrase “to the extent” shall mean the degree to which a subject or other thing extends, and such phrase shall not mean simply “if.”

(e) The terms “writing,” “written” and comparable terms refer to printing, typing and other means of reproducing words (including electronic media) in a visible form.

(f) All monetary figures shall be in United States dollars unless otherwise specified.

[Signature Page Follows]

 

-38-


IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Parties have caused this Agreement to be executed by their duly authorized representatives.

 

PFIZER INC.
By:  

             

  Name:
  Title:
UPJOHN INC.
By:  

 

  Name:
  Title:
EX-2.9

Exhibit 2.9

FINAL VERSION

FORM OF

MANUFACTURING AND SUPPLY AGREEMENT

BY AND BETWEEN

PFIZER INC.

AND

UPJOHN INC.

DATED AS OF []

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

1.  DEFINITIONS

     1  

2.  SUPPLY OF PRODUCT

     13  

2.1   Agreement to Supply

     13  

2.2   Use of Facility, Equipment, Molds and Tooling

     15  

2.3   Capacity

     15  

2.4   Forecasts and Purchase Orders

     16  

2.5   Failure to Supply

     19  

2.6   Delivery; Risk of Loss

     21  

2.7   Procurement of Materials

     22  

2.8   Product Samples

     23  

2.9   Storage

     23  

2.10  Transitional Support

     24  

3.  PRICE; PAYMENT; PRICE ADJUSTMENTS; TAXES

     26  

3.1   Price

     26  

3.2   Price Adjustment

     27  

3.3   Cost Improvement

     30  

3.4   Price Review and Audit Procedure

     31  

3.5   Invoices and Payment

     32  

3.6   Taxes

     33  

3.7   No Duplicative Payments

     35  

4.  MANUFACTURING STANDARDS AND QUALITY ASSURANCE

     35  

4.1   Quality Agreement

     35  

4.2   Manufacturing Standards

     35  

4.3   Manufacturing Changes

     35  

4.4   Pest Control

     36  

4.5   Legal and Regulatory Filings and Requests

     36  

4.6   Quality Tests and Checks

     37  

4.7   Responsibility for Non-Complying Product

     38  

4.8   Rejection of Non-Complying Product

     38  

4.9   Disposal of Rejected and Non-Complying Product

     40  

4.10  Maintenance and Retention of Records

     40  

4.11  Government Inspections, Seizures and Recalls

     40  

4.12  Inspections

     41  

4.13  Segregation of Restricted Compounds

     42  

4.14  Packaging Material

     43  

5.  COVENANTS

     43  

5.1   Mutual Covenants

     43  

5.2   Manufacturer Covenants

     44  

5.3   Manufacturer’s Social Responsibility

     46  

 

-ii-


TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

     Page  

5.4   Notice of Material Events

     46  

5.5   Disclaimer of Warranties

     47  

6.  ENVIRONMENTAL COVENANTS

     47  

6.1   Compliance with Environmental Laws

     47  

6.2   Permits, Licenses and Authorization

     47  

6.3   Generation of Hazardous Wastes

     48  

6.4   Environmental Sustainability Information

     48  

6.5   Environmental and Health and Safety Reviews

     48  

7.  TERM; TERMINATION

     49  

7.1   Term of Agreement

     49  

7.2   Term of Facility Addendum

     50  

7.3   Termination for Cause

     50  

7.4   Termination for Disposition of Facility

     50  

7.5   Termination in Event of Insolvency

     51  

7.6   Termination for Breach of Anti-Bribery Representation

     51  

7.7   Termination for Convenience by Customer

     52  

7.8   Effect of Termination or Expiration

     52  

7.9   Unused Materials

     53  

7.10  Return of Materials, Tools and Equipment

     54  

8.  INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

     55  

8.1   Customer’s Intellectual Property

     55  

8.2   Improvements and Developments

     55  

8.3   Ownership of Other Property

     56  

8.4   Limited Right to Use

     56  

9.  JOINT ADVISORY COMMITTEE

     56  

9.1   Formation and Role

     56  

9.2   Membership; Chairs

     57  

9.3   Meetings

     57  

9.4   Areas of Responsibility

     58  

9.5   Advisory Role; No Decision-Making Authority

     58  

10.  INDEMNIFICATION; LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY

     58  

10.1  Indemnification of Customer

     58  

10.2  Indemnification of Manufacturer

     59  

10.3  Indemnification Procedures

     60  

10.4  Limitations on Liability

     62  

10.5  Indemnification Obligations Net of Insurance Proceeds and Other Amounts

     63  

10.6  Additional Matters

     64  

 

-iii-


TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

     Page  

11.  INSURANCE

     65  

11.1  Requirements to Maintain

     65  

11.2  Amounts and Limits

     65  

12.  CUSTOMER-SUPPLIED MATERIALS; BUY-SELL MATERIALS; TRANSITION

     66  

12.1  Supply; Rejection; Transition

     66  

12.2  Title and Risk of Loss

     68  

12.3  Reimbursement for Loss of Customer-Supplied Materials

     68  

13.  CONFIDENTIALITY

     69  

14.  SUPPLY CHAIN SECURITY

     69  

14.1  Supply Chain Representations

     69  

14.2  C-TPAT

     69  

15.  RECORDS AND AUDITS

     70  

15.1  Records

     70  

15.2  Audits

     70  

16.  NOTICES

     71  

17.  MISCELLANEOUS

     71  

17.1  Negotiations of Dispute

     71  

17.2  Publicity

     72  

17.3  Governing Law and Venue

     72  

17.4  Relationship of the Parties

     73  

17.5  Assignment; Binding Effect

     73  

17.6  Force Majeure

     74  

17.7  Severability

     75  

17.8  Non-Waiver; Remedies

     75  

17.9  Further Documents

     75  

17.10  Forms

     75  

17.11  Headings; Interpretation

     76  

17.12  Rules of Construction

     77  

17.13  Counterparts

     77  

17.14  Amendments

     77  

17.15  Entire Agreement

     77  

 

Attachment A    Form of Facility Addendum
Attachment B    Quality Agreement
Attachment C    Monthly Inventory Report
Attachment D    Anti-Bribery and Anti-Corruption Principles
Attachment E    Policies
Attachment F    Example Product Materials Adjustment Calculation
Attachment G    Example Price Calculation of Volume Change Pricing Adjustment

 

-iv-


MANUFACTURING AND SUPPLY AGREEMENT

THIS MANUFACTURING AND SUPPLY AGREEMENT (this “Agreement”), dated as of [●] (the “Effective Date”), is by and between Pfizer Inc., a Delaware corporation (hereinafter “Manufacturer”), and Upjohn Inc., a Delaware corporation (hereinafter “Customer”). Manufacturer and Customer may be referred to herein individually as a “Party” or collectively as the “Parties”.

W I T N E S S E T H:

WHEREAS, Pfizer Inc. (“Pluto”) and Upjohn Inc. (“Spinco”) have entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, dated as of July 29, 2019 (as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time in accordance with its terms, the “Separation Agreement”), pursuant to which Pluto and Spinco have agreed to separate the Spinco Business from the Pluto Business so that, as of the Distribution Date, the Spinco Business shall be held by members of the Spinco Group and the Pluto Business is held by members of the Pluto Group (the “Separation”);

WHEREAS, after the Separation, Spinco shall become a standalone publicly traded company, pursuant to the terms of the Separation Agreement and a Business Combination Agreement, dated as of July 29, 2019 (the “Business Combination Agreement”), by and among Pluto, Spinco, Mylan N.V., a public company with limited liability incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands, and certain of their Affiliates; and

WHEREAS, in connection with the Separation, the Parties are entering into this Agreement, pursuant to which Customer desires to procure from Manufacturer, and Manufacturer desires to supply or cause one of its Affiliates to supply to Customer, Products for sale by Customer or its Affiliates in the Territory during the Term, upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein.

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of these premises and the covenants and agreements set forth herein, and intending to be legally bound thereby, the Parties hereby agree as follows:

 

1.

Definitions.

As used in this Agreement, the following capitalized terms shall have the meanings set forth below. Capitalized terms not otherwise defined in this Agreement shall have the meanings ascribed to such terms in the Separation Agreement.

 

  1.1

Accounting Method” means U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) or, if otherwise agreed by the Parties, an alternative accounting method used in the ordinary course of business.

 

  1.2

Act” means the U.S. Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as amended.

 

  1.3

Action” means any demand, action, claim, dispute, suit, countersuit, arbitration, inquiry, subpoena, proceeding or investigation of any nature (whether criminal, civil, legislative, administrative, regulatory, prosecutorial or otherwise) by or before any federal, state, local, foreign or international Governmental Authority or any arbitration or mediation tribunal.


  1.4

Additional Quantities” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.4(c).

 

  1.5

Affected Products” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 10.4(a).

 

  1.6

Affiliate(s)” means, when used with respect to a specified Person, a Person that controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with such specified Person. As used herein, “control” (including, with correlative meanings, “controlled by” and “under common control with”), when used with respect to any specified Person shall mean the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities or other interests, by contract, agreement, obligation, indenture, instrument, lease, promise, arrangement, release, warranty, commitment, undertaking or otherwise. It is expressly agreed that, from and after the Effective Date, solely for purposes of this Agreement (a) each member of the Spinco Group shall be deemed to not be an Affiliate of any member of the Pluto Group and (b) each member of the Pluto Group shall be deemed to not be an Affiliate of any member of the Spinco Group.

 

  1.7

Agreement” shall have the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

 

  1.8

API” means active pharmaceutical ingredient.

 

  1.9

Batch Size” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.4(e)(ii).

 

  1.10

Binding Forecast Period” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.4(b).

 

  1.11

Bulk Drug Product” means Product that has been manufactured into a final pharmaceutical product following a specific formulation and set of specifications, including drug substance (e.g., tablets or granules) for administration to humans but has not been packaged for use or for commercialization.

 

  1.12

Business Combination Agreement” shall have the meaning set forth in the Recitals.

 

  1.13

Business Day” means (a) any day other than a Saturday, Sunday or a day on which banking institutions are authorized or obligated by Law to be closed in New York, New York or (b) with respect to those activities specific to a Facility, any day other than any day on which banks located in the city and country in which the Facility is located are authorized or obligated to be closed.

 

  1.14

Buy-Sell Materials” means the materials that Customer sells to Manufacturer for use in manufacturing Product for Customer under the terms of this Agreement and as set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum. For the avoidance of doubt, Buy-Sell Materials are distinguishable from and exclusive of both Product Materials and Customer-Supplied Materials.

 

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  1.15

Conflict Minerals” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.3(c).

 

  1.16

Conversion Cost Markup” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.5(e).

 

  1.17

Conversion Costs” means, with respect to a given Product, (a) direct and indirect labor costs, (b) equipment costs, including depreciation, (c) laboratory and quality control costs at the applicable Facility, including Product testing and on-going stability studies, (d) quality assurance costs, (e) general site and manufacturing support costs for resources that support the manufacture of the applicable Product (including utilities, warehousing, consumables, maintenance, engineering, safety, human resources, finance, information technology, plant management and other similar activities, capital improvements in the form of depreciation, an allocation of costs for above site services provided to the applicable Facility for resources that support the manufacture of the applicable Product and an allowance for inventory loss, in each case, at the Facility-level), (f) costs paid to Third Party manufacturers for the manufacture and supply of such Product (or components thereof), (g) all costs associated with the performance of Manufacturer’s obligations under Section 4.6, including all activities, tests and checks set forth therein, and (h) costs paid to Third Party contractors for services provided in connection with the manufacture and supply of such Product, in each case associated with such Product.

 

  1.18

CPP” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.5(a).

 

  1.19

C-TPAT” means the Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism program of the U.S. Bureau of Customs and Border Protection.

 

  1.20

C-TPAT Benefits” means the expected benefit afforded to importers that have joined C-TPAT related to substantially fewer of their imports being inspected and, hence, fewer supply chain delays.

 

  1.21

Current Good Manufacturing Practices” or “cGMP” means all applicable standards and applicable Laws (as defined below) relating to manufacturing practices for products (including ingredients, testing, storage, handling, intermediates, bulk and finished products) promulgated by the FDA or any other applicable Governmental Authority (including, without limitation, EU or member state level) having jurisdiction, including, but not limited to, standards in the form of applicable Laws, guidelines, advisory opinions and compliance policy guides and current interpretations of the applicable authority or agency thereof (as applicable to pharmaceutical and biological products and ingredients), as the same may be updated, supplemented or amended from time to time.

 

  1.22

Customer” shall have the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

 

  1.23

Customer Indemnified Party” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 10.1(a).

 

  1.24

Customer-Owned Improvements and Developments” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 8.2(b).

 

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  1.25

Customer Property” means all Intellectual Property, together with all materials, data, writings and other property in any form whatsoever, which is (a) owned or controlled by Customer or its Affiliates as of and following the Effective Date and (b) provided to Manufacturer by or on behalf of Customer or its Personnel under this Agreement.

 

  1.26

Customer-Supplied Materials” means the materials supplied by Customer to Manufacturer under the terms of this Agreement and as set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum. For the avoidance of doubt, Customer-Supplied Materials are distinguishable from and exclusive of both Product Materials and Buy-Sell Materials.

 

  1.27

Delivery” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.6(a).

 

  1.28

Developments” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 8.2(a).

 

  1.29

Effective Date” shall have the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

 

  1.30

Environmental Laws” means any Laws relating to (a) human or occupational health and safety; (b) pollution or protection of the environment (including ambient air, indoor air, water vapor, surface water, groundwater, wetlands, drinking water supply, land surface or subsurface strata, biota and other natural resources); or (c) exposure to, or use, generation, manufacture, processing, management, treatment, recycling, storage, disposal, emission, discharge, transport, distribution, labeling, presence, possession, handling, Release or threatened Release of, any hazardous or toxic material, substance or waste and any Laws relating to recordkeeping, notification, disclosure, registration and reporting requirements respecting hazardous or toxic materials, substances or wastes.

 

  1.31

Environmental Liability” means any Liability arising under Environmental Laws.

 

  1.32

Exclusive Purchase Requirement” means, on a Product SKU-by-Product SKU and country-by country basis within the applicable Territory, (a) in the first two (2) years of the Initial Term, one hundred percent (100%) of Customer’s total requirements for such Product SKU and (b) in the third (3rd) year of the Initial Term, fifty percent (50%) of Customer’s total requirements for such Product SKU; provided, however, that (x) such quantities of Product reasonably procured by Customer to qualify a back-up supplier for such Product shall be excluded from the Exclusive Purchase Requirement, and (y) for the avoidance of doubt, Customer may commercialize such quantities of Product procured under (x) above without violating the applicable Exclusive Purchase Requirement or related provisions in Section 2.1(e).

 

  1.33

Exclusive Purchase Requirement Suspension Period” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.5(b).

 

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  1.34

Exclusivity Period” means the three (3) year period immediately following the Effective Date, as such period may be earlier terminated pursuant to this Agreement.

 

  1.35

Extension Period” shall have the meaning (a) with respect to this Agreement, as set forth in Section 7.1 and (b) with respect to a Facility Addendum, as set forth in Section 7.2.

 

  1.36

Facility” means, with respect to a given Product, Manufacturer’s manufacturing facility located at the address set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum for such Product and such other facilities permitted pursuant to this Agreement and any applicable Facility Addendum to be used by Manufacturer in the manufacture, packaging or storage of (a) such Product or (b) materials utilized in the manufacture or storage of such Product hereunder.

 

  1.37

Facility Addendum” means a document executed by the Parties or their respective Affiliates for one or more Products to be manufactured in a Facility pursuant to this Agreement, which shall be substantially in the form of Attachment A to this Agreement.

 

  1.38

Facility Conversion Cost” means, with respect to a given Facility and Fiscal Year, the sum of all Product Conversion Costs for Products manufactured for Customer or the applicable Affiliate of Customer at such Facility during such Fiscal Year.

 

  1.39

Facility Conversion Cost Adjustment Fiscal Year” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.2(b)(i).

 

  1.40

Facility Conversion Cost Baseline Fiscal Year” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.2(b)(i).

 

  1.41

Facility Conversion Cost Threshold” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.2(b)(i).

 

  1.42

Facility Disposition” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 7.4.

 

  1.43

Facility Actual Product Materials Cost” means, with respect to a given Facility and Fiscal Year, the sum of all actual costs of Product Materials for Products manufactured for Customer or the applicable Affiliate of Customer at such Facility during such Fiscal Year.

 

  1.44

Facility Estimated Product Materials Cost” means, with respect to a given Facility and Fiscal Year, the sum of all estimated costs, as determined in good faith by Manufacturer and notified to Customer prior to the beginning of such Fiscal Year, of Product Materials for Products manufactured for Customer or the applicable Affiliate of Customer at such Facility during such Fiscal Year.

 

  1.45

Familial Relative(s)” means a parent, spouse, child or sibling (including any such relationships formed by marriage).

 

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  1.46

FDA” means the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or any successor agency.

 

  1.47

Finished Product” means Product that has been packaged for commercialization and distribution to patients incorporating Bulk Drug Product.

 

  1.48

Firm Order” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.4(b).

 

  1.49

Fiscal Year” means each twelve-month fiscal period commencing on January 1 with respect to Facilities located in the United States and December 1 for all other facilities, in each case, during the Term.

 

  1.50

Force Majeure Event” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 17.6.

 

  1.51

Forecast” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.4(b).

 

  1.52

Forms” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 17.10.

 

  1.53

Global Trade Control Laws” means all applicable economic sanctions, export and import control laws, regulations and orders.

 

  1.54

Government” means all levels and subdivisions of U.S. and non-U.S. governments (i.e., local, regional or national and administrative, legislative or executive).

 

  1.55

Government Official” means (a) any elected or appointed governmental official (e.g., a member of a ministry of health), (b) any employee or person acting for or on behalf of a governmental official, agency or enterprise performing a governmental function, (c) any candidate for public office, political party officer, employee or person acting for or on behalf of a political party or candidate for public office or (d) any person otherwise categorized as a Government Official under local Law. As used in this definition, “government” is meant to include all levels and subdivisions of U.S. and non-U.S. governments (i.e., local, regional or national and administrative, legislative or executive).

 

  1.56

Governmental Authority” means any nation or government, any state, municipality or other political subdivision thereof, and any entity, body, agency, commission, department, board, bureau, court, tribunal or other instrumentality, whether federal, state, local, domestic, foreign or multinational, exercising executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory, administrative or other similar functions of, or pertaining to, government and any executive official thereof.

 

  1.57

Hazardous Materials” means (a) any petroleum or petroleum products, radioactive materials, toxic mold, radon, asbestos or asbestos-containing materials in any form, lead-based paint, urea formaldehyde foam insulation or polychlorinated biphenyls; and (b) any chemicals, materials, substances, compounds, mixtures, products or byproducts, biological agents, living or genetically modified materials, pollutants, contaminants or wastes that are now or hereafter become defined, regulated or characterized as or included in the definition of “hazardous substances,” “hazardous wastes,” “hazardous materials,” “extremely hazardous wastes,” “restricted hazardous wastes,” “special waste,” “toxic substances,” “pollutants,” “contaminants,” “toxic,” “dangerous,” “corrosive,” “flammable,” “reactive,” “radioactive,” or words of similar import, under any Environmental Law.

 

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  1.58

Improvements” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 8.2(a).

 

  1.59

Increments” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.4(e)(ii).

 

  1.60

Indemnifying Party” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 10.3(a).

 

  1.61

Indemnitee” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 10.3(a).

 

  1.62

Indemnity Payment” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 10.5(a).

 

  1.63

In-Flight or Shared Volume Product” means those Products identified as such in a Facility Addendum.

 

  1.64

Initial Price” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(a).

 

  1.65

Initial Price Term” means, with respect to a Product set forth in a Facility Addendum, the period of time beginning on the Effective Date and ending on the last day of the first full Fiscal Year of the Term of such Facility Addendum.

 

  1.66

Initial Term” shall have the meaning (a) with respect to this Agreement, set forth in Section 7.1 and (b) with respect to a Facility Addendum, set forth in Section 7.2.

 

  1.67

Insolvent Party” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 7.5.

 

  1.68

Insurance Proceeds” means those monies (a) received by an insured from an insurance carrier; (b) paid by an insurance carrier on behalf of the insured; or (c) received (including by way of setoff) from any Person in the nature of insurance, contribution or indemnification in respect of any Liability, in each of cases (a), (b) and (c), net of any applicable premium adjustments (including reserves or retentions and retrospectively rated premium adjustments) and net of any costs or expenses incurred in the collection thereof.

 

  1.69

Intellectual Property means all intellectual property rights throughout the world, including: (a) patents and patent applications and all related provisionals, divisionals, continuations, continuations-in-part, reissues, reexaminations, extensions and substitutions of any of the foregoing; (b) trademarks, service marks, names, corporate names, trade names, domain names, social media names, tags or handles, logos, slogans, trade dress, design rights, and other similar designations of source or origin, together with the goodwill symbolized by any of the foregoing, whether or not registered or applied for registration, including common law trademark rights; (c) copyrights and copyrightable subject matter, whether or not registered or applied for registration; (d) technical, scientific, regulatory and other information, designs, ideas, inventions (whether patentable or unpatentable and whether or not reduced to practice), research and development, discoveries, results,

 

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  creations, improvements, know-how, techniques and data (including biological, chemical, pharmacological, toxicological, pharmaceutical, physical and analytical, safety, quality control, manufacturing and preclinical and clinical data), technology, algorithms, procedures, plans, processes, practices, methods, trade secrets, instructions, formulae, formulations, compositions, specifications, and marketing, pricing, distribution, cost and sales information, tools, materials, apparatus, creations, improvements, works of authorship in any media, confidential, proprietary or nonpublic information, and other similar materials, and all recordings, graphs, drawings, reports, analyses and other writings, and other tangible embodiments of the foregoing in any form whether or not listed herein, in each case, other than Software; (e) Software; and (f) applications, registrations and common law rights for the foregoing.

 

  1.70

JAC Chair” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 9.2(b).

 

  1.71

JAC Meeting” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 9.3(a).

 

  1.72

JAC Member” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 9.2(a).

 

  1.73

Joint Advisory Committee” or “JAC” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 9.1.

 

  1.74

Late Payment Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.5.

 

  1.75

Latent Defects” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.8(a).

 

  1.76

Laws” means any U.S. and non-U.S. federal, national, international, multinational, supranational, state, provincial, local or similar law (including common law and privacy and data protection laws), statute, ordinance, regulation, rule, code, order, treaty (including any tax treaty on income or capital), binding judicial or administrative interpretation or other requirement or rule of law or legal process, in each case, enacted, promulgated, issued, entered or otherwise put into effect by a Governmental Authority or any rule or requirement of any securities exchange.

 

  1.77

Losses” means any and all damages, losses, deficiencies, Liabilities, Taxes, obligations, penalties, judgments, settlements, claims, payments, fines, charges, interest, costs and expenses, whether or not resulting from Third-Party Claims, including the costs and expenses of any and all Actions and demands, assessments, judgments, settlements and compromises relating thereto and the reasonable costs and expenses of attorneys’, accountants’, consultants’ and other professionals’ fees and expenses incurred in the investigation or defense thereof or the enforcement of rights hereunder.

 

  1.78

Make to Order Products” means all Products that are identified as “Make to Order Products” in the applicable Facility Addendum.

 

  1.79

Manufacturer” shall have the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

 

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  1.80

Manufacturer Indemnified Party” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 10.2(a).

 

  1.81

Manufacturer-Owned Improvements and Developments” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 8.2(c).

 

  1.82

Manufacturer Third Party Suppliers” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.7(a).

 

  1.83

Manufacturing Change” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.3(a).

 

  1.84

Minimum Order Quantity” shall have the meaning set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum with respect to each Product.

 

  1.85

Non-Complying Buy-Sell Materials” means any Buy-Sell Material that, as of or prior to its delivery by or on behalf of Customer or its Affiliate to Manufacturer or its Affiliate or designee pursuant to this Agreement, does not comply in all material respects with, or has not been used, handled or stored in all material respects in accordance with, the specifications for such Buy-Sell Material, all applicable Laws, cGMP, the Quality Agreement, this Agreement or the applicable Facility Addendum.

 

  1.86

Non-Complying Customer-Supplied Materials” means any Customer-Supplied Material that, as of or prior to its delivery by or on behalf of Customer or its Affiliate to Manufacturer or its Affiliate or designee pursuant to this Agreement, does not comply in all material respects with, or has not been used, handled or stored in all material respects in accordance with, the specifications for such Customer-Supplied Material, all applicable Laws, cGMP, the Quality Agreement, this Agreement or the applicable Facility Addendum.

 

  1.87

Non-Complying Product” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.7.

 

  1.88

Party” or “Parties” shall have the meaning set forth in the Preamble.

 

  1.89

Person” means an individual, a general or limited partnership, a corporation, a trust, a joint venture, an unincorporated organization, a limited liability entity, any other entity and any Governmental Authority.

 

  1.90

Personnel” means, with respect to a Party, such Party’s Affiliates, contractors and agents together with such Party’s and its Affiliates’, contractors’ and agents’ respective individual employees, contractors and other agents.

 

  1.91

Pluto” shall have the meaning set forth in the Recitals.

 

  1.92

Price” means, with respect to a Product:

 

  (a)

during the Initial Price Term, the Initial Price of such Product; and

 

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  (b)

after the Initial Price Term, the adjusted price for such Product, as calculated on a Fiscal Year basis, in accordance with Section 3.2.

 

  1.93

Product” means a product specified in the applicable Facility Addendum which, for the avoidance of doubt, includes all applicable SKUs of such product, in each case, as the same may be amended from time to time by the mutual written agreement of the Parties.

 

  1.94

Product Conversion Cost” means, with respect to a given Product, the total units of such Product anticipated to be shipped or actually shipped, as applicable, during a given Fiscal Year (determined in a manner consistent with Manufacturer’s customary practices) multiplied by the per-unit Conversion Cost for such Product for such Fiscal Year.

 

  1.95

Product Materials” means all raw materials (including, without limitation, active pharmaceutical ingredients and excipients), labeling or packaging materials and components needed for the manufacture and supply of a given Product. For the avoidance of doubt, Product Materials are distinguishable from and exclusive of both Buy-Sell Materials and Customer-Supplied Materials.

 

  1.96

Product SKU” means the specific Stock Keeping Unit (SKU) number for a given Product supplied for sale in a given country or region in the applicable Territory, in each case, as such SKU number may be updated from time to time.

 

  1.97

Purchase Order” means a written or electronic order form submitted by Customer in accordance with the terms of this Agreement to Manufacturer authorizing the manufacture and supply of a given Product.

 

  1.98

Quality Agreement” means those supplemental quality provisions set forth in any Quality Agreement between Manufacturer and Customer relating to a Facility, as the same may be amended or modified from time to time by mutual written agreement of the Parties. The form of Quality Agreement for each Facility is attached hereto as Attachment B.

 

  1.99

Recall” means a “recall”, “correction” or “market withdrawal” and shall include any post-sale warning or mailing of information.

 

  1.100

Receiving Site” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.10(a).

 

  1.101

Record Retention Period” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 15.1.

 

  1.102

Records” means any books, documents, accounting procedures and practices and other data, regardless of type or form, of all matters relating to Manufacturer’s performance of its obligations under this Agreement that enable Manufacturer to demonstrate compliance with such obligations, including, without limitation, Manufacturer’s compliance with applicable Laws.

 

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  1.103

Regulatory Approvals” means the permit, approval, consent, registration, license, authorization or certificate of a Governmental Authority necessary for the manufacturing, distribution, use, promotion and sale of a Product for one or more indications in a country or other regulatory jurisdiction, including approval of New Drug Applications and Biologics License Applications (each as defined by applicable Law) in the United States and Marketing Authorizations (as such term is defined by applicable Law) in the European Union.

 

  1.104

Release” means any release, spill, emission, leaking, dumping, pumping, injection, pouring, deposit, disposal, discharge, dispersal, leaching or migration into or through the indoor or outdoor environment (including ambient air, surface water, groundwater, land surface or subsurface strata, soil and sediments) or into, through or within any property, building, structure, fixture or equipment.

 

  1.105

Restricted Markets” means, as applicable and as may be updated from time to time, in each case, under Global Trade Control Laws, the Crimean Peninsula, Cuba, the Donbass Region, Iran, North Korea, and Syria.

 

  1.106

Restricted Party” means any: (a) individual or entity placed on lists maintained by an applicable Governmental Authority, including those established under the Act, the List of Excluded Individuals / Entities published by the U.S. Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General, the regulations administered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury Office of Foreign Assets Control, the U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Industry and Security, or similar lists of restricted parties maintained by the Governmental Authorities of the countries that have jurisdiction over the activities conducted under this Agreement; (b) individual or entity suspended or debarred from contracting with the U.S. government; or (c) any entity in the aggregate owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, fifty percent (50%) or greater by one or more such individuals or entities described in clause (a).

 

  1.107

Separation” shall have the meaning set forth in the Recitals.

 

  1.108

Separation Agreement” shall have the meaning set forth in the Recitals.

 

  1.109

Serialization” means the assigning of a unique identification code on a given Product unit or Product units of sale at the primary, secondary and/or tertiary level for the purpose assuring authenticity and/or tracking and tracing of the movement of a given Product through the entire supply chain.

 

  1.110

Service Taxes” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.6(b).

 

  1.111

Specifications” means the specifications for the manufacture, processing, packaging, labeling, testing and testing procedures, shipping, storage and supply of a given Product, including all formulae, know-how, raw materials requirements, analytical procedures and standards of quality control, quality assurance and sanitation, set forth with respect to such Product in the applicable Regulatory Approval(s) and provided by Customer to Manufacturer.

 

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  1.112

Spinco” shall have the meaning set forth in the Recitals.

 

  1.113

Standard Cost” means, with respect to a given Product in a given Fiscal Year, an amount equal to:

 

  (a)

the cost of Product Materials (including the cost of active ingredients, intermediates, semi-finished materials, excipients and primary and secondary packaging) associated with such Product (“Standard Product Materials Cost”); and

 

  (b)

the Conversion Costs for such Product (“Standard Conversion Cost”),

in each case of clauses (a) and (b), calculated in accordance with Manufacturer’s accounting policies in effect as of the Effective Date and applied consistently across Manufacturer’s entire manufacturing operations for the full applicable Facility. Depreciation will be based on original acquisition cost of fixed assets, and not impacted by fair value accounting for business transactions.

 

  1.114

Technical Support” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.10(a).

 

  1.115

Term” shall have the meaning (a) with respect to this Agreement, as set forth in Section 7.1 and (b) with respect to a Facility Addendum, as set forth in Section 7.2.

 

  1.116

Territory” means, with respect to a given Product, the countries set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum for such Product.

 

  1.117

Third Party” means a Person other than Manufacturer, Customer or their respective Affiliates.

 

  1.118

Third-Party Claim” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 10.3(a).

 

  1.119

Triggering Event” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.5(a).

 

  1.120

VAT” means (A) any Tax imposed in compliance with the council directive of 28 November 2006 on the common system of value added tax (EC Directive 2006/112); and (B) any other Tax of a similar nature, however denominated, to the Taxes referred to in clause (A) above, whether imposed in a member state of the European Union in substitution for, or levied in addition to, the Taxes referred to in clause (A) above, or imposed elsewhere (including goods and services Taxes, but excluding transfer Tax, stamp duty and other similar Taxes).

 

  1.121

VMR Products” means all Products that are identified as “VMR Products” in the applicable Facility Addendum.

 

  1.122

Waste” means all wastes that arise from the manufacture, handling or storage of Product hereunder, or which is otherwise produced through the implementation of this Agreement, including Hazardous Materials.

 

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2.

Supply of Product.

 

  2.1

Agreement to Supply.

 

  (a)

Affiliates and Facility Addenda. Either the entity designated above as Customer or any Affiliate of Customer and either the entity designated above as Manufacturer or any Affiliate of Manufacturer may enter into Facility Addenda under this Agreement. The entities that execute a Facility Addendum are also deemed to be “Customer” and “Manufacturer” (respectively) for all purposes of the Facility Addendum and this Agreement (with respect to the applicable Facility Addendum).

 

  (b)

Supply Pursuant to Facility Addenda. During the Term of each Facility Addendum, Manufacturer shall manufacture and supply Product to Customer for the Territory applicable to such Product on the terms and subject to the conditions of this Agreement and the applicable Facility Addendum. The terms of this Agreement shall be incorporated by reference into each Facility Addendum that may be executed by the Parties or, as described in Section 2.1(a), their respective Affiliates. During the term of this Agreement, Customer may request that Manufacturer manufacture and supply to Customer clinical trial material, and the Parties shall negotiate in good faith the terms and conditions of such manufacturing and supply arrangement applying the terms and conditions of this Agreement to the extent mutually agreeable.

 

  (c)

Hierarchy of Terms; Effect of Amendments. In the event of a conflict between the terms of any Facility Addendum and the terms of this Agreement, the terms of this Agreement shall govern and control, except to the extent that the applicable Facility Addendum expressly and specifically states an intent to supersede a specific section of this Agreement on a specific matter. Any amendment to the terms of this Agreement contained in a Facility Addendum shall be effective solely with respect to such Facility Addendum, and not with respect to this Agreement or any other Facility Addendum. Any amendment to the terms of this Agreement shall be effective with respect to all Facility Addenda. Except to the extent otherwise expressly stated in this Agreement, in the event of a conflict between the terms of this Agreement and the terms of the Separation Agreement, the terms of the Separation Agreement shall govern and control.

 

  (d)

Use of Subcontractors. Subject to Section 2.2(a), Manufacturer shall manufacture and supply Product itself or through its Affiliates, in each case, at the applicable Facilities (and such other facilities as may be specified in the applicable Facility Addendum with respect to applicable Products). With respect to those Third-Party contractors, subcontractors or service providers used by Manufacturer or its Affiliates in the manufacturing or supply of a given Product immediately prior to the Effective Date, Manufacturer may engage such Third-Party contractors, subcontractors or

 

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  service providers to perform the same activities for such Product under this Agreement without first obtaining Customer’s prior written consent. For the avoidance of doubt, the use of any Third-Party contractors, subcontractors or service providers other than in the manner expressly permitted pursuant to this Section 2.1(d) must be approved in advance in writing by Customer, such approval not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed. Manufacturer shall be liable for all actions and omissions of its contractors, subcontractors and service providers, and any breach of the terms and conditions of this Agreement by such contractors, subcontractors or service providers shall be deemed a breach of the terms and conditions by Manufacturer under this Agreement. For the avoidance of doubt, as of the Effective Date, as between Manufacturer and Customer, Manufacturer will be solely responsible for maintaining and establishing relationships with the Third-Party contractors, subcontractors or service providers used in the manufacturing or supply of Product (other than the manufacturing or supply of Buy-Sell Materials or Customer-Supplied Materials).

 

  (e)

Exclusivity.

 

  (i)

Customer Exclusivity. During the Exclusivity Period, on a Product SKU-by-Product SKU and country-by-country basis within the applicable Territory, Customer shall purchase from Manufacturer, in accordance with the terms and conditions of this Agreement, at least the Exclusive Purchase Requirement of its requirements for such Product SKU in such country; provided, however, that In-Flight or Shared Volume Products shall be excluded from the exclusivity requirements set forth in this Section 2.1(e)(i). Following the Exclusivity Period (and during the Exclusivity Period, with respect to Product SKU quantities in excess of the Exclusive Purchase Requirement in accordance with the preceding sentence), nothing in this Agreement shall prevent Customer or any of its Affiliates from manufacturing Product for itself, or having Product manufactured by a Third Party, including in amounts in addition to the Purchase Orders for Product issued to Manufacturer in accordance with this Agreement. For clarity and notwithstanding anything contained herein, nothing in this Section 2.1(e)(i) (A) is intended to be inconsistent with Section 2.4(e)(i) or to otherwise indicate that Customer is subject to any requirement to purchase Product under this Agreement or (B) is intended to prevent Customer from qualifying a back-up supplier for any Product during the Exclusivity Period.

 

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  (ii)

Upon request by Manufacturer, which Manufacturer may make from time to time during the Term but not more than once during any quarter of a Fiscal Year, Customer shall provide to Manufacturer within thirty (30) days of such request a certification attesting to Customer’s compliance with its Exclusive Purchase Requirement obligations pursuant to Section 2.1(e)(i) and signed by a representative of Customer with a title of Vice President or more senior.

 

  2.2

Use of Facility, Equipment, Molds and Tooling.

 

  (a)

Facilities. For each Product, Manufacturer shall perform all manufacturing activities and all storage activities at the Facilities set forth in the Facility Addendum applicable to such Product. Manufacturer may use any other facility for the manufacture and storage of Products if (i) such facility has been approved for such manufacture by all applicable Governmental Authorities and (ii) Manufacturer obtains Customer’s prior written consent with respect to the use of such other facility as set forth in Section 4.3(a) (such approval not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed). The Parties shall agree to either execute a new Facility Addendum or amend an existing Facility Addendum in order to include such facility. Manufacturer shall notify Customer of its intent to use any alternate facility as soon as reasonably practicable.

 

  (b)

Purchase and Installation of Equipment, Dedicated Change Parts and Tooling. Subject to this Section 2.2(b), Manufacturer shall be responsible for (i) purchasing, installing and validating at the Facilities all new equipment, dedicated change parts and tooling; (ii) modifications to existing equipment, dedicated change parts and tooling necessary for the manufacture, packaging, labeling and Delivery of Product hereunder; and (iii) maintenance of all such equipment, dedicated change parts and tooling, and all costs and expenses associated therewith; provided that in no event shall Manufacturer be required to purchase any new equipment, install any equipment purchased or requested by Customer or add (or, for clarity, allocate or dedicate) any additional manufacturing or storage capacity in connection with Customer’s requests for additional capacity for manufacturing or for other activities to be carried out by Manufacturer hereunder not otherwise expressly provided for hereunder or in an applicable Facility Addendum. If Customer makes such a request for additional equipment or capacity, then the Parties shall promptly meet and discuss Customer’s request in good faith, including an appropriate allocation of costs between the Parties with respect thereto.

 

  2.3

Capacity.

Subject to Section 2.2(b), Manufacturer shall devote adequate manufacturing capacity to be capable of manufacturing and supplying Product to Customer in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement and the Facility Addenda. Manufacturer shall promptly notify Customer if Manufacturer reasonably believes its existing capacity and demands thereon would prevent it from meeting Customer’s anticipated Product requirements as set forth in any Forecast that conforms to the requirements set forth in Section 2.4.

 

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  2.4

Forecasts and Purchase Orders.

 

  (a)

VMR Products Forecasting and Purchase Orders. With respect to the VMR Products, the processes and mechanisms by which Forecasts are prepared and Purchase Orders are issued shall be as set forth in the applicable Facility Addenda and the remainder of this Section 2.4 shall not apply with respect to such VMR Products as applicable.

 

  (b)

Make to Order Product Forecasts. Except as otherwise set forth in a Facility Addendum, in each calendar month during the Term of a Facility Addendum, Customer shall provide to Manufacturer a rolling Product SKU-level forecast of its estimated requirements of Make to Order Products for the eighteen (18)-month period commencing with the month in which such forecast is provided (each, a “Forecast”). In the event Customer delivers a Forecast where the allocation of Product requirements over the time period of the Forecast are not consistent with historical trends, at Manufacturer’s request, the Parties will meet to discuss the Forecast in good faith in the context of previous allocations of Product requirements. Such Forecasts represent Customer’s reasonable estimates of the quantity of Products it will require during the applicable period covered by each such Forecast. Except as otherwise set forth in a Facility Addendum, each Forecast shall be a non-binding forecast and for informational purposes only, except that: (i) the portion of such Forecast covering the first three (3) calendar months reflected therein (the “Binding Forecast Period”) shall be binding and shall constitute a firm order for the quantity of each Product specified therein (each, a “Firm Order”), (ii) each of months four (4) through six (6) of a given Forecast may not differ by more than twenty-five percent (25%) (whether positive or negative) from the quantity of such Product set forth in those months in the previous Forecast, and (iii) each of months seven (7) through twelve (12) of a given Forecast may not differ by more than fifty percent (50%) (whether positive or negative) from the quantity of such Product set forth in those months in the previous Forecast. For the avoidance of doubt, (1) this subsection (b) applies to Forecasts for API and Bulk Drug Product and (2) the Forecast with respect to Finished Product shall apply to the roll-up level of the Bulk Drug Product that is incorporated into the Finished Product.

 

  (c)

Make to Order Purchase Orders. Manufacturer shall provide Product to Customer pursuant to Purchase Orders issued by Customer to Manufacturer, which Purchase Orders will be issued on a Product SKU-by-Product SKU basis, not to exceed one (1) Purchase Order per Product SKU per calendar month unless otherwise agreed between the Parties in advance in writing. No verbal communications or e-mail shall be construed to mean a commitment to purchase Product. Customer shall be required to order

 

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  pursuant to a Purchase Order at least the amount of Product set forth in the Firm Order for such Product in the applicable calendar month. Manufacturer shall provide to Customer such quantities of Product as may be ordered by Customer pursuant to such Purchase Orders, up to one hundred ten percent (110%) of the quantity set forth in the most recent Forecast for the applicable period. In the event that Customer orders quantities of Product above one hundred ten percent (110%) of the quantity set forth in the most recent Forecast for the applicable period (such quantities above one hundred ten percent (110%) referred to as “Additional Quantities”), Manufacturer shall use its commercially reasonable efforts, but shall not be obligated, to supply such Additional Quantities. For purposes of this paragraph, the most recent Forecast for any given month shall mean the Forecast submitted by Customer in the month prior to the month in which the applicable Purchase Order is issued. All Purchase Orders shall specify the quantity and description of Products ordered, the applicable Facility where such Products will be Delivered, the required delivery date (subject to the provisions of Section 2.4(d)), and the manner of Delivery (including the carrier to be used).

 

  (d)

Delivery Date. Unless expressly set forth to the contrary in a Facility Addendum, Customer will issue Purchase Orders for Product no later than a period equal to the Binding Forecast Period prior to the required delivery date. By way of example only, if the Binding Forecast Period is the first three (3) months of a Forecast with respect to a Product, then Customer will issue Purchase Order for such Product no later than three (3) months prior to the required delivery date.

 

  (e)

No Minimum Purchase Obligation; Minimum Order Quantities.

 

  (i)

No Obligation. Without limiting Customer’s obligations under Section 2.1(e), 2.4(b), 2.4(c), 2.4(d) or 2.4(e)(ii), Manufacturer hereby acknowledges and agrees that Customer is not otherwise obligated to purchase any minimum or specific quantity, volume or dollar amount of Product under any Facility Addendum unless expressly set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum.

 

  (ii)

Minimum Order Quantities. Notwithstanding Section 2.4(e)(i), Customer acknowledges and agrees that (A) each Purchase Order Customer places hereunder for Product that is either API or Bulk Drug Product shall be equal to, or a whole multiple of, the Batch Size for such applicable Product as set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum and (B) each Purchase Order that Customer places hereunder for Product that is Finished Product shall be equal to or greater than the Minimum Order Quantity for such applicable Product as set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum; provided that, where Customer places Purchase Orders under (B) above that exceed the applicable Minimum Order Quantity, Customer shall

 

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  place such Purchase Orders for such excess quantities in Increments above the Minimum Order Quantity as specified in the applicable Facility Addendum. As used herein, “Batch Size” means the production quantity for a given run of a Product SKU and “Increments” means the quantity step change above the applicable Minimum Order Quantity, in each case, as specified in the applicable Facility Addendum.

 

  (f)

Acceptance and Rejection of Orders. Within ten (10) Business Days of receipt of a Purchase Order, Manufacturer may reject such Purchase Order by written notice to Customer only on the basis that it is inconsistent with the terms of this Agreement, including a Purchase Order containing (i) a delivery schedule that is inconsistent with Section 2.4(d), (ii) a Product quantity that is inconsistent with Section 2.4(e)(ii), (iii) a Product quantity that is less than the Firm Order for the applicable period or (iv) subject to Section 2.4(c), a Product quantity that is more than one hundred ten percent (110%) of the Forecast for the applicable period. Manufacturer shall be deemed to have accepted Customer’s Purchase Order for Products in the event it either (a) indicates its acceptance of Customer’s Purchase Order in writing or (b) does not indicate its rejection of a Purchase Order within ten (10) Business Days of receipt pursuant to this Section 2.4(f).

 

  (g)

Changes to Purchase Orders. Purchase Orders, once submitted to Manufacturer, may be amended only by mutual written agreement of the Parties; provided that Manufacturer shall exercise its commercially reasonable efforts to comply with proposed amendments to Purchase Orders that Customer may request after sending a Purchase Order to Manufacturer.

 

  (h)

Cancellations. In the event that Customer cancels all or part of a Purchase Order (provided that a cancellation shall be deemed to have occurred to the extent that Customer fails to issue a Purchase Order with respect to the full amount of Product contemplated by any portion of a Forecast with respect to the Binding Forecast Period) and such cancellation is not due to Manufacturer’s breach of this Agreement or any Facility Addendum, Manufacturer will use good faith efforts to reallocate capacity and mitigate any resultant costs of such cancellation and, unless otherwise set forth with respect to the relevant cancelled Product under the applicable Facility Addendum, Customer will be charged for one hundred percent (100%) of any and all non-cancellable Third-Party costs actually and reasonably incurred by Manufacturer in accordance with this Agreement prior to cancellation for materials or services related to the cancelled portion of the Purchase Order for which reasonably acceptable documentation is submitted by Manufacturer to Customer.

 

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  (i)

Conflicts. In the event of any conflict between the provisions of this Agreement and any Customer Purchase Order, Manufacturer’s acceptance form or Manufacturer’s invoice form or any similar such forms, the provisions of this Agreement shall govern and control.

 

  (j)

Product Inventory as of Effective Date. Promptly following the Effective Date, Manufacturer shall provide Customer with a Product inventory report organized by Facility, lot number, remaining shelf life, and such other data points with respect to such Product inventory as Customer may request. For the avoidance of doubt, (i) Manufacturer shall be entitled to fill Purchase Orders with such inventory that complies with the terms and conditions of this Agreement, including Section 5.2, and (ii) the Parties shall meet to discuss in good faith the disposition of all such Product inventory that does not meet the criteria set forth in (i) above.

 

  2.5

Failure to Supply.

 

  (a)

Capacity Allocation. In the event that Manufacturer fails to manufacture and deliver Product in accordance with accepted Purchase Orders or applicable Specifications, Manufacturer shall notify Customer promptly, including details of the reasons for the failure and Manufacturer’s estimated timeline of when the failure will be corrected. Manufacturer shall be solely responsible for undertaking commercially reasonable measures to minimize any shortage of Product delivered to Customer as a result of such manufacturing issues. If Manufacturer fails to manufacture and deliver Product in accordance with accepted Purchase Orders or applicable Specifications by the delivery date specified in the applicable Purchase Order(s) in accordance with Section 2.4(d), other than due to a Force Majeure Event, (i) for a period of two (2) or more months past such delivery date four (4) or more times in any rolling twelve (12) month period, or (ii) for a period of four (4) or more months past such delivery date on one occasion (each of (i) and (ii), a “Triggering Event”), then Manufacturer shall use its best efforts to allocate on a quarterly basis its manufacturing capacity and Product Materials to the manufacture and supply of Products for Customer on a ratable basis based on the use of each during the twelve (12)-month period immediately preceding such Triggering Event (or either (1) the Term of the applicable Facility Addendum, if the Term is less than twelve (12) months, or (2) such other period set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum); provided that (A) if Customer’s Minimum Order Quantity for the applicable Product(s) exceeds its ratable allocation of manufacturing capacity or Product Materials (as applicable) for the applicable quarter, Customer shall continue to accrue its allocation of capacity until such quarter when Customer’s allocation of capacity is equal to or greater than its accrued allocation of capacity and (B) this Section 2.5(a) shall not apply to the extent that Customer fails to timely provide adequate Customer-Supplied Materials or Buy-Sell Materials to Manufacturer in accordance with Section 12. For the avoidance of doubt, Manufacturer shall notify Customer promptly in writing of any anticipated Triggering Event when Manufacturer has reason to believe that such Triggering Event is likely to occur and provide such information with respect to such anticipated Triggering Event as Customer may reasonably request.

 

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  (b)

Suspension of the Exclusive Purchase Requirement. In the event of a Triggering Event, Customer’s Exclusive Purchase Requirement with respect to each and every Product that is the subject of the Triggering Event shall be temporarily suspended until such time as Manufacturer notifies Customer that Manufacturer is able to resume the manufacture and supply of the subject Product(s) on the terms and conditions of this Agreement (such period referred to as the “Exclusive Purchase Requirement Suspension Period”); provided that, (i) during such Exclusive Purchase Requirement Suspension Period, Customer shall use commercially reasonable efforts to limit its orders for the subject Product(s) to the quantities specified in the last Forecast that preceded the Triggering Event for the applicable period(s) and promptly notify Manufacturer in the event and to the extent that Customer’s orders exceed such quantities specified in such Forecast and (ii) Customer shall be entitled to take delivery of Product(s) ordered during the Exclusive Purchase Requirement Suspension Period even if such delivery is scheduled for or actually occurs subsequent to the Exclusive Purchase Requirement Suspension Period.

 

  (c)

Modification of the Exclusive Purchase Requirement. Upon the expiration of the Exclusive Purchase Requirement Suspension Period, Customer shall use commercially reasonable efforts to resume ordering from Manufacturer, on a Product-by-Product basis, the subject Product(s) in accordance with Customer’s Exclusive Purchase Requirement during the Exclusivity Period.

 

  (d)

Business Continuity. Manufacturer shall maintain a written business continuity plan to be able to assure supply of Product to Customer in the event of a disruption to supply from the primary location or Facility of manufacture, including any disruption resulting from a Force Majeure Event and make such plan available from time to time upon Customer’s request.

 

  (e)

Remedies. Customer shall have the right to terminate this Agreement on an affected Product-by-affected Product basis immediately upon written notice to Manufacturer in the event a Triggering Event (under clause (ii) thereof) continues for more than one hundred and eighty (180) days. Customer shall also have the right to cancel orders for any quantities of Product affected by any Triggering Event effective upon notice to Manufacturer, and Customer shall have no further obligations to purchase any such cancelled quantities of Product. In the event a Triggering Event occurs during the Exclusivity Period, Manufacturer shall, at Manufacturer’s cost and expense, provide such assistance as is reasonably requested by Customer to assist any alternate manufacturer in meeting Customer’s requirements for the Product until Manufacturer has remedied the cause of such Triggering Event and is

 

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  able to supply Product to Customer in its requested quantities. Such assistance shall include providing, subject in all cases to Section 2.10(h), Technical Support in respect of the affected Product(s). In the event of a Triggering Event, Manufacturer shall be liable for any actual amounts that Customer is contractually required to pay to any Third-Party customer of Customer that result from Customer’s inability to supply the affected Product to such Third-Party customer as a direct result of such Triggering Event; provided that (1) Customer shall provide to Manufacturer appropriate evidence of such amounts (including invoices from the applicable customers) and the applicable contractual requirements (redacted, in each case, of information pertaining to pricing and other commercial terms that are not directly related to the claimed amounts), it being understood and agreed that, upon request, Manufacturer will enter into customary confidentiality arrangements prior to such information being shared and (2) Manufacturer shall not be liable for any such amounts in the aggregate in any Fiscal Year in excess of the aggregate Conversion Cost Markup during such Fiscal Year with respect to all Products manufactured at the Facility that is the subject of the applicable Triggering Event. “Conversion Cost Markup” means, for a Product for any Fiscal Year, ten percent (10%) of the product of (A) Manufacturer’s Standard Conversion Cost for such Product for such Fiscal Year and (B) the quantity of such Product ordered by Customer for delivery during such Fiscal Year. The rights of Customer set forth in this paragraph are in addition to any other rights set forth in this Agreement.

 

  2.6

Delivery; Risk of Loss.

 

  (a)

Delivery. Unless otherwise set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum, Manufacturer shall deliver Product to Customer FCA (Incoterms 2010) at the applicable Facility, and all Purchase Orders will be deemed to have been completed when the quantity of Product made available to Customer at the applicable Facility is between ninety percent (90%) and one hundred and ten percent (110%) of the quantity of Product set forth in any accepted Purchase Order (each such event, a “Delivery”). Delivery shall occur by or within the delivery date(s) set forth in the applicable Purchase Order or such other date as may be agreed to in writing by the Parties from time to time. Without limiting Customer’s rights and remedies under Section 4.8, Manufacturer acknowledges and agrees that, unless such early Delivery was agreed upon by the Parties in writing, Manufacturer shall provide Customer with such data as Customer may reasonably request from time to time for measures of key performance indicators (KPI).

 

  (b)

Certificates of Compliance. Manufacturer shall include certificates of compliance and certificates of analysis with all Delivery of Product or prior to Delivery upon reasonable request of Customer.

 

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  (c)

Title. Unless otherwise set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum, title to Product and risk of loss or damage shall pass to Customer upon Delivery to Customer pursuant to Section 2.6(a).

 

  2.7

Procurement of Materials.

 

  (a)

Manufacturer shall order and maintain sufficient quantities of all Product Materials, including safety stock as required by the applicable Facility Addendum, to enable Manufacturer to manufacture and Deliver Product in accordance with its Delivery obligations under this Agreement and the applicable Facility Addendum. With respect to those Third Party suppliers of Product Materials used by Manufacturer or its Affiliates in the ordinary course in the manufacturing or supply of a given Product immediately prior to the Effective Date (“Manufacturer Third Party Suppliers”), Manufacturer shall be permitted to purchase solely the same Product Materials from such Manufacturer Third Party Suppliers in connection with its activities under this Agreement without first obtaining Customer’s prior written consent. Any other Third-Party supplier for Product Materials (or procurement of a different Product Material from any Third-Party supplier) must be approved in advance in writing by Customer (such approval not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed). For the avoidance of doubt, as of the Effective Date, as between Manufacturer and Customer, Manufacturer will be solely responsible for maintaining and establishing relationships with the Third-Party suppliers of Product Materials. The costs of all such Product Materials shall be included in the Price of the applicable Product.

 

  (b)

Unless otherwise set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum for a specific Product, Customer shall have no liability for excess or obsolete Product Materials purchased by Manufacturer, (x) except as set forth in Section 2.4(h) or Section 7.9 or (y) unless the excess or obsolescence is caused by a change to the specifications for such Product Materials or the Specifications of a given Product in accordance with this Agreement after such Product Materials have been purchased by Manufacturer based upon a Firm Order or accepted Purchase Order).

 

  (c)

Customer understands and acknowledges that (i) certain Product Materials have a limited shelf-life, are long lead time items, and are subject to minimum order quantities specified by the applicable supplier and (ii) Manufacturer will rely on the Firm Orders and Forecasts to order Product Materials required to meet the Firm Orders (plus safety stock for certain Product Materials of a Product as reasonably determined by Manufacturer). In addition, Customer understands that, to ensure an orderly supply of the Product Materials, Manufacturer may elect to purchase the Product Materials in sufficient volumes to meet the production requirements for Products during part or all of the forecasted periods; provided, however, that Customer shall not have any liability with respect to any purchase by Manufacturer or any of its Affiliates of labeling or packaging materials (including labels, cartons and leaflets) in excess of the amount required to meet the Firm Order applicable at such time plus the amount of applicable Product forecasted to be ordered in months four (4) through six (6) of the Forecast applicable at such time.

 

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  (d)

Manufacturer must review with Customer any assessment made (or related action proposed to be taken) by Manufacturer related to rejection or destruction of any Customer-Supplied Materials, Buy-Sell Materials, Product, or Product Materials intended for Customer’s Product to discuss viability for commercial use.

 

  2.8

Product Samples.

If representative lot samples of production batches of Product are requested by Customer in order to satisfy its obligations under applicable Law, including any regulatory requirements, or to any Governmental Authority, then Manufacturer shall provide Customer (or any such Third Party as Customer shall designate) with representative lot samples of each production batch of Product promptly upon Customer’s request. Customer shall be entitled to review, upon reasonable prior written notice, all manufacturing Records relating to such samples, including all analytical procedures and cleaning validation relating to the equipment used in connection with the manufacture of the samples. Such Product samples shall be Delivered to Customer (or such Third Party as Customer shall designate) in accordance with the provisions set forth in Section 2.6(a) and at the Price as determined in accordance with the terms of Section 3. Customer shall pay for such samples when invoiced in accordance with Section 3.5.

 

  2.9

Storage.

Manufacturer will store Products, Buy-Sell Materials, Product Materials, and Customer-Supplied Materials in accordance with the requirements of the Quality Agreement. With respect to those Third-Party warehouses used by Manufacturer or its Affiliates in the ordinary course for the storage of a given Product, Buy-Sell Materials, Product Materials, or Customer-Supplied Materials immediately prior to the Effective Date, Manufacturer may engage such Third-Party warehouse to perform the solely same activities for such Product, Buy-Sell Materials, Product Materials, and Customer-Supplied Materials under this Agreement without first obtaining Customer’s prior written consent. The use of any Third Party warehouse for the storage of any Product, Buy-Sell Materials, Product Materials, or Customer-Supplied Materials other than in the manner expressly permitted pursuant to this Section 2.9 must be approved in advance in writing by Customer, such approval not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed. Manufacturer shall obtain the right for Customer to audit, at Customer’s expense, any such Third-Party warehouse upon reasonable prior advance written notice and during normal business hours. Manufacturer has no obligation to store Product more than fifteen (15) Business Days following the requested delivery date for such Product; provided that (a) Manufacturer shall be obligated to store Product for such longer

 

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period as may be reasonably necessary for Customer to arrange transportation for such Product in the event that Manufacturer experiences delays in the manufacture, release, or supply of a particular Product that results in the delivery of a quantity of Product that exceeds historical or Forecast quantities of Product for the applicable period and; (b) with respect to any Product that Customer reasonably believes should not be released by Manufacturer, Manufacturer shall store such Product until the Parties’ definitive resolution pursuant to this Agreement and the Quality Agreement as to whether such Product should be released. At the expiration of the applicable time frame in the preceding sentence, notwithstanding any provision of this Section 2.9 to the contrary, Manufacturer may transport and store the subject Product at a Third-Party warehouse at Customer’s expense.

 

  2.10

Transitional Support.

 

  (a)

On a Product-by-Product basis, Customer may elect, upon written notice to Manufacturer, for Manufacturer to provide Customer with reasonable technical support, as more fully set forth in this Section 2.10, to transfer production of a given Product or Products to a Customer facility or a facility of an alternative source of supply as designated by Customer (such support, “Technical Support” and such facility, the “Receiving Site”). Customer may make such election for Technical Support at any time during the Term (including in the event of a Triggering Event under Section 2.5(a) or in advance of any expiration of this Agreement) or promptly after the termination or expiration of this Agreement but in no event more than ninety (90) days following the effective date of such termination or expiration. Such reasonable Technical Support shall consist of:

 

  (i)

supply of a technical package to facilitate the transfer of all relevant manufacturing information for such Product(s) to the Receiving Site, including formulation descriptions, manufacturing instructions, Specifications, methods, data required for applicable regulatory submissions and facility qualification, and material supplier information, as applicable, except for any information that is subject to confidentiality obligations owing to a Third Party; provided that the technical package will not include any manufacturing information, including formulation descriptions, manufacturing instructions, Specifications, methods and material supplier information, that is generally available to or known by the public, can be obtained on reasonable terms from Third Parties or is already available or being utilized by Customer or its Affiliate at one of Customer’s or its Affiliate’s facilities;

 

  (ii)

host site visits to the Manufacturer’s Facility by Customer to observe production of the applicable Product or Products, in each case, at a mutually agreed date and subject to confidentiality procedures or requirements as may be requested or implemented by Manufacturer; provided that the request for each such visit shall be made so as to allow for sufficient advance preparation time and can be accommodated in the requested timeframe without interruption to Manufacturer’s routine production or operations;

 

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  (iii)

performance of high-level consultation and answering reasonable queries for Customer through the transfer process; and

 

  (iv)

provision of reasonable Product samples required under applicable Law for transfer activities.

 

  (b)

Customer shall be responsible for identifying and requesting any and all Technical Support that is required from Manufacturer to assure such technology transfer is successful.

 

  (c)

The Parties shall reasonably cooperate and mutually agree to facilitate the provision of any additional reasonable Technical Support with respect to the applicable Product or Products to Customer, including assistance through the transfer process, Manufacturer Personnel visits to the Receiving Site and training and troubleshooting during the Receiving Site’s first production run of the applicable Product or Products, in each case, as and to the extent reasonably agreed by Manufacturer in each instance (and subject to Sections 2.10(d), 2.10(e) and 2.10(f)).

 

  (d)

The Parties will work together in good faith to plan for upcoming and ongoing Technical Support needs and to accommodate such plans in order to maintain ongoing business continuity. In addition, Manufacturer shall have no obligation to hire or retain any individuals or make any capital expenditures in connection with Technical Support, and Manufacturer’s obligation to provide Technical Support is contingent upon the continued employment by Manufacturer of those individuals capable of providing such Technical Support. Manufacturer may terminate its obligation to provide any Technical Support with respect to the applicable Product under this Agreement if Customer or any of its Affiliates hires any Manufacturer Personnel involved in providing Technical Support to Customer hereunder (without limiting any applicable non-solicitation obligations of Customer pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement).

 

  (e)

Customer shall be solely responsible for any and all regulatory or other Governmental Authority requirements, activities and related costs and expenses that arise in conjunction with any Technical Support, technology transfer of production or production of each Product to or at the Receiving Site. These activities may also include, but are not limited to, creation of additional data or technical information, analytical method modifications or other work of a technical nature required to support regulatory queries or contemporary standards and guidelines driven by the manufacturing transfer (subject to Section 8.2).

 

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  (f)

Subject to Section 2.5(e), Customer is responsible for, and shall promptly reimburse Manufacturer for, any and all reasonable out-of-pocket costs and expenses incurred by or on behalf of Manufacturer in connection with any Technical Support provided to Customer under this Agreement, including employee costs to be charged at a rate that reasonably approximates the cost of providing the Technical Support, without any intent to cause Manufacturer to make profit or incur loss.

 

  (g)

With respect to each Product for which Manufacturer provides Technical Support under this Agreement, Manufacturer shall provide to Customer any analytical materials and methods in Manufacturer’s possession or control that are required in connection with disclosures to any applicable Governmental Authority to qualify the applicable Product Materials, Buy-Sell Materials, or Customer-Supplied Materials for such Product or such Product itself for release testing to meet the then-current applicable marketing authorization, in each case, subject to Section 13.

 

  (h)

Nothing in this Agreement shall require Manufacturer to provide more than 75 hours per calendar year per Product in connection with any Technical Support. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, except as expressly provided in Section 2.10(g), Manufacturer shall have no obligation to disclose, license or otherwise provide confidential or proprietary information of Manufacturer, its Affiliates or any Third Party in connection with this Agreement or any Technical Support or technology transfer therein.

 

3.

Price; Payment; Price Adjustments; Taxes.

 

  3.1

Price.

 

  (a)

Initial Price. On a Fiscal Year-by-Fiscal Year basis, Customer shall purchase each Product from Manufacturer at the Price for such Product for such Fiscal Year, as determined in accordance with the terms of this Section 3. The Price for each Product during the Initial Price Term (such Price, the “Initial Price” for such Product) is set forth in the Facility Addendum for such Product. Following the Initial Price Term, the Price of such Product may be adjusted only as set forth in Section 3.1(b) and Section 3.2.

 

  (b)

Price in Extension Periods. In the event that Customer elects to extend the Initial Term of the Agreement or of a Facility Addendum, the Price for each applicable Product in any Extension Period shall be one hundred percent (100%) of Manufacturer’s Standard Product Materials Cost plus one hundred and ten percent (110%) of Manufacturer’s Standard Conversion Cost of such Product, each for the initial Fiscal Year of the first Extension Period with respect to such Product. During each Extension Period, the Price of such Product may be adjusted as set forth in Section 3.2; provided that the initial Fiscal Year of the first Extension Period shall operate as the Facility Conversion Cost Baseline Fiscal Year (as defined below).

 

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  (c)

Subject to the limitations and conditions set forth in this Agreement, it is the intention of the Parties that the Price of each Product reflects one hundred percent (100%) of Manufacturer’s Standard Product Materials Cost plus one hundred and ten percent (110%) of Manufacturer’s Standard Conversion Cost of such Product. The Price for each Product will be set forth in the currency specified in the applicable Facility Addendum.

 

  (d)

Changes to the Standard Cost Methodology. Manufacturer shall have the right to change the Standard Cost methodology once per Fiscal Year; provided that any change shall be consistent with the Accounting Method and applied across all products manufactured at the applicable Facility. If Manufacturer elects to change the Standard Cost methodology, Manufacturer shall calculate both (i) the revised Standard Cost using the methodology effective during the then-current Fiscal Year of the Term of the applicable Facility Addendum and (ii) the percentage change in Standard Cost caused by the change in methodology relative to the former methodology. If such Standard Cost methodology change results in an increase of Facility Conversion Cost for Products manufactured for Customer of more than two percent (2%), then Manufacturer shall revert to the former methodology for purposes of the calculation of Price during such Fiscal Year.

 

  3.2

Price Adjustment.

 

  (a)

Product Materials Adjustment.

 

  (i)

On a Facility-by-Facility basis, with respect to each full Fiscal Year of the Term of the applicable Facility Addendum, the Price of each Product manufactured at the applicable Facility will be updated to reflect one hundred percent (100%) of the full estimated amount of the increase or decrease in the cost of Product Materials for each such Product.

 

  (ii)

In each Fiscal Year of the Term of this Agreement, Manufacturer shall submit a report to Customer by no later than the end of the first quarter of such Fiscal Year setting out the Facility Actual Product Materials Cost with respect to each Facility for the prior Fiscal Year. In the event that the Facility Actual Product Materials Cost differs from the Facility Estimated Product Materials Cost, when adjusted to reflect actual volume, then Manufacturer shall issue either (A) an invoice to Customer for any amounts owed by Customer to Manufacturer or (B) a credit memo for amounts owed by Manufacturer to Customer reflecting the difference between the Price as invoiced and an adjusted Price for such Fiscal Year;

 

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  provided, however, that any such adjustment made in accordance with the foregoing shall be subject in all cases to the provisions of Section 3.2(e). Customer shall pay all undisputed amounts due in the currency specified in the applicable Facility Addendum within sixty (60) calendar days from the date of the invoice. If Customer disputes all or any portion of an invoice, it shall be required to pay only the amount not in dispute, and in such event Customer shall notify Manufacturer of the amount and nature of the dispute. Payment by Customer of any amount reflected in any invoice shall not result in a waiver of any of Customer’s rights under this Agreement.

 

  (b)

Conversion Cost Adjustments.

 

  (i)

Subject to the remainder of this Section 3.2(b), on a Facility-by-Facility basis, if the Facility Conversion Costs of a Facility during any Fiscal Year following the first full Fiscal Year of the Term of the applicable Facility Addendum (such Fiscal Year, a “Facility Conversion Cost Adjustment Fiscal Year”) are estimated to be (a) less than seventy-five percent (75%) of the Facility Conversion Costs for the Facility Conversion Cost Baseline Fiscal Year (as defined below) or (b) greater than one hundred and twenty-five percent (125%) of the Facility Conversion Costs for the Facility Conversion Cost Baseline Fiscal Year (clauses (a) and (b) referred to collectively as the “Facility Conversion Cost Threshold”), when adjusted to reflect a constant volume between the Facility Conversion Cost Adjustment Fiscal Year and the Facility Conversion Cost Baseline Fiscal Year, then the Price for such Product will be updated beginning with such Facility Conversion Cost Adjustment Fiscal Year to reflect one hundred and ten percent (110%) of the increase or decrease in Facility Conversion Costs. An example calculation of the foregoing Price adjustment is attached hereto as Attachment G. Subject to the last sentence of Section 3.1(b), the “Facility Conversion Cost Baseline Fiscal Year” shall be, as of the Effective Date, 2019 budget volumes and costs as summarized in the applicable Facility Addenda; provided that in each instance in which the Price is adjusted in accordance with the immediately preceding sentence of this Section 3.2(b)(i), the Facility Conversion Cost Baseline Fiscal Year shall be the applicable Facility Conversion Cost Adjustment Fiscal Year.

 

  (ii)

In the event that Price is adjusted as a result of a change to Facility Conversion Cost under Section 3.2(b)(i), the Facility Conversion Cost Threshold for all remaining Fiscal Years in the Initial Term (or Extension Periods as appropriate) will be reduced such that if Facility Conversion Costs of a Facility during any Facility Conversion Cost Adjustment Fiscal Year are estimated to be (a) less

 

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  than eighty percent (80%) of the Facility Conversion Costs for the Facility Conversion Cost Baseline Fiscal Year or (b) greater than one hundred and twenty percent (120%) of the Facility Conversion Costs for the Facility Conversion Cost Baseline Fiscal Year, then the Price for such Product will be updated beginning with such Facility Conversion Cost Adjustment Fiscal Year to reflect the full estimated amount of the increase or decrease in Conversion Cost.

 

  (iii)

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 3.2(b), Manufacturer shall not have the ability to adjust the Price to reflect actual volume for Products in a Facility to the extent that Customer has reduced its demand for one or more Products in such Facility due to Manufacturer’s breach of or other failure to supply under this Agreement or the applicable Facility Addendum.

 

  (iv)

In each Fiscal Year following the first full Fiscal Year of the Term of this Agreement, Manufacturer shall submit a report to Customer by no later than the end of the first quarter of such Fiscal Year setting out the actual volume of Product for each Facility for the prior Fiscal Year. In the event that the actual Facility Conversion Costs demonstrate that the then applicable Facility Conversion Cost Threshold has been exceeded, and Manufacturer had not previously adjusted the applicable Price in accordance with this Section 3.2(b) to account for such adjustment, then Manufacturer shall either issue (A) an invoice to Customer for any amounts owed by Customer to Manufacturer or (B) a credit memo for amounts owed by Manufacturer to Customer reflecting the difference between the Price as invoiced and the adjusted Price for such Fiscal Year; provided, however, that any such adjustment made in accordance with the foregoing shall be subject in all cases to the provisions of Section 3.2(b)(iii). For clarity, any amount owed by Customer to Manufacturer or owed by Manufacturer to Customer shall be one hundred and ten percent (110%) of Manufacturer’s Conversion Cost, reduced by a 20% allowance for variable costs. Customer shall pay all undisputed amounts due in the currency specified in the applicable Facility Addendum within sixty (60) calendar days from the date of the invoice. If Customer disputes all or any portion of an invoice, it shall be required to pay only the amount not in dispute, and in such event Customer shall notify Manufacturer of the amount and nature of the dispute. Payment by Customer of any amount reflected in any invoice shall not result in a waiver of any of Customer’s rights under this Agreement.

 

  (c)

Notwithstanding the above, the price for Buy-Sell Materials will be updated annually in each year following the first Fiscal Year to reflect one hundred percent (100%) of the full estimated amount of the cost of Buy-Sell Materials to Manufacturer. Customer may not change the price of Buy-Sell

 

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  materials during any Fiscal Year. Upon any notification by Customer to Manufacturer of any reduction in the price of Buy-Sell Materials for the upcoming Fiscal Year, Manufacturer shall submit to Customer an inventory of such Buy-Sell Materials on hand and a calculation of the positive difference between the aggregate price for such Buy-Sell Materials applying the price for the current Fiscal Year and the aggregate price for such Buy-Sell Materials applying the price for the upcoming Fiscal Year. Customer shall promptly and in no event later than sixty (60) days issue to Manufacturer a credit memo in the amount of such positive difference reflected in Manufacturer’s notice.

 

  (d)

The increases or decreases described in this Section 3.2 shall be determined by Manufacturer in a manner consistent with the accounting methodologies used by Manufacturer as of the Effective Date and shall be based on the applicable Forecasts provided by Customer in July of the applicable Fiscal Year and applied consistently across Manufacturer’s entire manufacturing operations for the full Facility.

 

  (e)

Manufacturer shall notify Customer of any estimated expected changes to Prices for the upcoming Fiscal Year by no later than June 1 of the then-current Fiscal Year and shall notify Customer of any actual changes to Prices for the upcoming Fiscal Year by no later than October 30 of the then-current Fiscal Year. Between June 1 and October 30, the Parties will engage in ongoing discussions to ensure that any final changes to Prices for the applicable Fiscal Year conform to the terms and conditions of this Agreement. Manufacturer will promptly respond to Customer’s inquiries regarding any proposed changes to the Price of Products and provide reasonable documentation to Customer supporting the estimated or actual change in such Prices. Any actual, adjusted Price of each Product shall become effective on the first day of the first month of such upcoming Fiscal Year.

 

  (f)

Any disputes relating to changes in Price for a given Product will be resolved pursuant to Section 3.4.

 

  3.3

Cost Improvement.

At Customer’s reasonable request, Manufacturer and Customer agree to discuss in good faith the implementation of possible cost reduction opportunities with the objective to reduce the net Price of Product. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, Manufacturer shall use commercially reasonable efforts to reduce the price of Product Materials.

 

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  3.4

Price Review and Audit Procedure.

 

  (a)

Manufacturer shall maintain complete and accurate Records that fairly reflect the relevant costs and calculations used to determine the Price of each Product and shall retain such Records for a period of not less than three (3) years after the applicable Product was manufactured and delivered hereunder. With respect to a Price change under Section 3.2 for any Product in an upcoming Fiscal Year, if Customer requests such a review in writing within thirty (30) days following notice to Customer of such change, then: (i) the Parties shall reasonably discuss and attempt to resolve any disagreement with respect thereto and (ii) if such disagreement is not resolved within thirty (30) days following commencement of such discussions, Customer shall have the right, no more than one (1) time per Fiscal Year each for the subject of (1) and (2) below and on no less than thirty (30) days’ notice to Manufacturer, to appoint a reputable and internationally recognized independent Third-Party audit firm reasonably acceptable to Manufacturer (and which agrees to be bound by Manufacturer’s customary confidentiality agreement) to audit such relevant Records, during normal business hours and on a confidential basis, to verify that, either (1) the change in the relevant Products’ Price for an applicable Facility for the upcoming Fiscal Year, as applicable, or (2) the true-up determination with respect to (x) the estimated and actual Facility Conversion Costs of a Facility with respect to any Fiscal Year or (y) the Facility Estimated Product Materials Cost and the Facility Actual Product Materials Cost with respect to any Fiscal Year, was accurately and equitably calculated by Manufacturer in accordance with this Agreement; provided that Customer shall be deemed to have waived its right for such a review if Customer does not make such request within thirty (30) days following delivery of Manufacturer’s notice to Customer of such increase. For the avoidance of doubt, any such audit initiated by Customer in accordance with clause (ii) above shall include in the scope of audit all of the Products manufactured at the applicable Facility, and not be limited in scope to the discrete Product(s) in question. Subject to Section 3.4(b)(2), Customer shall bear all costs and expenses of conducting such an audit, and such accounting firm shall work on an hourly or flat fee basis without a contingency fee or other performance or bonus fee. Such accounting firm shall, as promptly as practicable, provide in writing (I) a detailed report of such audit to Manufacturer and (II) a separate report limited to the Price for the subject Products in the relevant Fiscal Year as calculated by such accounting firm in accordance with this Agreement to Manufacturer and Customer. The Price for the Products during a Fiscal Year, as calculated by such accounting firm, absent any manifest error, shall be binding upon the Parties with respect to such increase or required payment, as applicable; provided that, within fifteen (15) days of receipt of the audit report, Manufacturer shall have the right to dispute such Price or calculation thereof by submitting written notice to Customer and the accounting firm accompanied by information supporting Manufacturer’s position. Within thirty (30) days of receipt of Manufacturer’s notice of dispute, the accounting firm shall issue its final findings with respect to the Price for the relevant Product in the relevant Fiscal Year and such decision, absent manifest error, shall be binding upon the Parties.

 

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  (b)

If, as a result of any audit by Customer pursuant to Section 3.4(a), the aggregate Price calculated by the accounting firm with respect to all Products manufactured at the applicable Facility for a Fiscal Year is:

 

  (i)

less than ninety-five percent (95%) of the aggregate Price for all such Products established by Manufacturer pursuant to Section 3.2 for such Products during such Fiscal Year, then, if Customer has made payments to Manufacturer for such Products at the higher Price established by Manufacturer during such Fiscal Year, Manufacturer shall refund to Customer the overpayment made by Customer; or

 

  (ii)

more than one hundred and five percent (105%) of the aggregate Price for all such Products established by Manufacturer pursuant to Section 3.2 for such Products during such Fiscal Year, then, if Customer has made payments to Manufacturer for such Products at the lower Price established by Manufacturer for such period, Customer shall promptly pay Manufacturer for the amount of the underpayment that should have been paid by Customer;

in each case of clauses (i) and (ii), (1) such payment to be made within sixty (60) days of the owing Party’s receipt of the relevant detailed report and final Price pursuant to Section 3.4(a) and (2) Manufacturer shall be responsible for payment of the applicable accounting firm’s reasonable and actual fees in connection with such audit.

 

  3.5

Invoices and Payment.

Manufacturer shall submit invoices to Customer upon Delivery of Product. All invoices for Products will be in functional currency unless otherwise specified in the applicable Facility Addendum, and all undisputed payments hereunder shall be in full and be made without any withholding, offset or any other deductions. Manufacturer shall include the following information on all invoices: (a) the applicable Purchase Order number and billing address; (b) the quantity of Product delivered (and where applicable, the type, description or part number, if any); (c) the required delivery date specified in the applicable Purchase Order; (d) the actual date of Delivery; (e) the Price; (f) any applicable Taxes, transportation charges or other charges provided for in the applicable Purchase Order; (g) the applicable invoice number; and (h) the Delivery Facility, unless otherwise specified in the Facility Addendum. Subject to Customer’s rights under Section 4.8 to reject Non-Complying Product or Product that is not otherwise Delivered in accordance with the terms of and conditions of this Agreement, Manufacturer shall invoice Customer for Product upon Delivery of the applicable Product in accordance with Section 2.6(a). Customer shall be obligated to pay only for actual quantities of

 

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Product delivered. Unless otherwise set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum with respect to a particular Product or Products, Customer shall pay all undisputed amounts due in the currency specified in the applicable Facility Addendum within sixty (60) calendar days from the date of the invoice. If Customer disputes all or any portion of an invoice, it shall be required to pay only the amount not in dispute, and in such event Customer shall notify Manufacturer of the amount and nature of the dispute. Payment by Customer of any amount reflected in any invoice shall not result in a waiver of any of Customer’s rights under this Agreement. If any payment required to be made under this Agreement is not made within twenty (20) days of the applicable date when such payment is due (the “Late Payment Date”), interest shall accrue on such past due amount from the Late Payment Date until the date payment is actually made at a quarterly rate equal to the lesser of (i) the Three-Month U.S. dollar LIBOR (Reuters Page LIBOR01) on the Late Payment Date (or the next Business Day if such Late Payment Date is not a Business Day), and (ii) the maximum rate permitted by applicable Law. Time for any payments hereunder shall be of the essence.

 

  3.6

Taxes.

 

  (a)

All sums payable under this Agreement are exclusive of any amount in respect of VAT. If any action of one Party (the “Supplier”) under this Agreement constitutes, for VAT purposes, the making of a supply to another Party (or a member of that Party’s Group) (the “Recipient”) and VAT is or becomes chargeable on that supply, the Recipient shall pay to the Supplier, in addition to any amounts otherwise payable under this Agreement by the Recipient, a sum equal to the amount of the VAT chargeable on that supply against delivery to the Recipient of a valid VAT invoice issued in accordance with the laws and regulations of the applicable jurisdiction.

 

  (b)

Without duplication of amounts covered by Section 3.6(a), Customer (or the applicable Affiliate) shall be responsible for all VAT, sales, goods and services, use, gross receipts, transfer, consumption and other similar Taxes (excluding, for clarity, Taxes imposed on net income, profits and gains and franchise Taxes), together with interest, penalties and additions thereto (“Service Taxes”), imposed by applicable taxing authorities on the direct sale of Products to Customer or any of its Affiliates or any payment hereunder; provided that such Service Taxes are shown on a valid invoice. If Manufacturer or any of its Affiliates is required to pay any part of such Service Taxes, Manufacturer shall provide Customer with evidence that such Service Taxes have been paid, and Customer (or its applicable Affiliate) shall reimburse Manufacturer for such Service Taxes. Manufacturer shall, upon the reasonable request of Customer, promptly revise any invoice to the extent such invoice was erroneously itemized or categorized. Each Party shall, and shall cause its Affiliates to, use commercially reasonable efforts to (i) minimize the amount of any Service Taxes imposed on the provision of Services hereunder, including by availing itself of any available exemptions from or reductions to any such

 

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  Service Taxes, and (ii) cooperate with the other Party in providing any information or documentation that may be reasonably necessary to minimize such Service Taxes or obtain such exemptions or reductions. If at any time Manufacturer (or any of its Affiliates) receives a refund (or credit or offset in lieu of a refund) of any Service Taxes borne by Customer (or any of its Affiliates), then Manufacturer or its Affiliate receiving such refund or utilizing such credit or offset shall promptly pay over the amount of such refund, credit or offset (net of all reasonable related out-of-pocket costs, expenses and Taxes incurred in respect thereof) to Customer or its applicable Affiliate, it being understood that Customer and its applicable Affiliate shall be liable for (x) any subsequent disallowance of such refund, credit or offset and any related interest, penalties or additions thereto and (y) any reasonable out-of-pocket costs and expenses related to such disallowance.

 

  (c)

The Parties and their Affiliates shall reasonably cooperate to determine whether any Tax withholding applies to any amounts paid under this Agreement and, if so, shall further reasonably cooperate in (i) minimizing the amount of any such withholding Taxes, including by availing itself of any available exemptions from or reductions to any such withholding Taxes, (ii) providing any information or documentation that may be reasonably necessary to minimize such withholding Taxes or obtain such exemptions (including, without limitation, pursuant to any applicable double taxation or similar treaty) or (iii) receiving a refund of such withholding Taxes or claiming a Tax credit therefor. If any such withholding is required by applicable Law, the paying Party (or its applicable Affiliate) shall properly and timely withhold and remit such Taxes to the applicable taxing authority and use reasonable efforts to provide the other Party with a copy of any receipt (where it is common practice for the applicable taxing authority to provide such a receipt) or other documentation confirming such payment, and such withheld amounts shall be treated for all purposes of this Agreement as having been paid to the receiving Party (or its applicable Affiliate). The paying Party (or its applicable Affiliate) shall not be required to “gross up” any amounts invoiced to the paying Party to account for, or otherwise compensate the receiving Party (or its applicable Affiliate) for, any Taxes that are required to be withheld under applicable Law.

 

  (d)

Where a Party or any member of its Group is required by this Agreement to reimburse or indemnify the other Party or any member of its Group for any cost or expense, the reimbursing or indemnifying Party (or the applicable member of its Group) shall reimburse or indemnify the other Party (or the applicable member of its Group) for the full amount of the cost or expense, inclusive of any amounts in respect of VAT imposed on that amount to the extent properly reflected on a valid invoice, except to the extent that the reimbursed or indemnified Party reasonably determines that it (or such member of its Group), or a member of the same group as it (or such member of its Group) for VAT purposes, is entitled to credit for or repayment of that VAT from any relevant taxing authority.

 

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  (e)

For purposes of this Agreement, and except as otherwise specifically provided in this Agreement, Tax matters shall be exclusively governed by the Tax Matters Agreement, and in the event of any inconsistency between the Tax Matters Agreement and this Agreement with respect to Tax matters, the Tax Matters Agreement shall control.

 

  3.7

No Duplicative Payments. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, no Party (or Affiliate thereof) shall enjoy a duplicative right, entitlement, obligation, or recovery with respect to any matter arising out of the same facts and circumstances.

 

4.

Manufacturing Standards and Quality Assurance.

 

  4.1

Quality Agreement.

On a Facility-by-Facility and Product-by-Product basis, the Parties will comply with the requirements and provisions set forth in the Quality Agreement applicable to the applicable Facility and Product, the form of which has been attached hereto as Attachment B and, through such attachment, made a part hereof. In the event of a conflict between the terms of the applicable Quality Agreement and the terms of this Agreement, the terms of the Quality Agreement shall govern and control for all quality and regulatory compliance matters and the terms of this Agreement shall govern and control for all other matters.

 

  4.2

Manufacturing Standards.

Manufacturer shall manufacture and supply each Product (including disposing of all Waste and other materials) in accordance with all applicable Specifications, applicable Laws, requirements under the applicable Quality Agreement, and this Agreement.

 

  4.3

Manufacturing Changes.

 

  (a)

Discretionary Changes. Subject to Section 4.3(b), in the event that either Party desires to change, revise, modify or otherwise alter the Specifications, manufacturing processes, Product Materials, Buy-Sell Materials, Customer-Supplied Materials, or Facilities with respect to a given Product in any manner (each, a “Manufacturing Change”), the Party desiring the Manufacturing Change shall notify the other Party in writing of the proposed Manufacturing Change and the Parties will promptly meet to discuss, in good faith, the feasibility of implementing such Manufacturing Change and the allocation of costs between the Parties for such Manufacturing Change; provided that the requested Manufacturing Change will not be implemented unless and until the Parties mutually agree in writing to implement such Manufacturing Change. Unless otherwise agreed upon by the Parties, the Party requesting the Manufacturing Change will be responsible for, and will bear the costs of, any filings or other actions that either Party must take with the applicable Governmental Authority as a result of such Manufacturing Change.

 

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  (b)

Required Changes. If, at any time, a Manufacturing Change is required by a Governmental Authority in a country in which Regulatory Approval for a given Product has been granted, a Governmental Authority in a country in which Customer seeks to obtain Regulatory Approval for a given Product, or a Governmental Authority in the country in which the Facility that manufactures a given Product is located, then the Party that first has knowledge of the required Manufacturing Change shall notify the other Party in writing of such required Manufacturing Change, and Manufacturer will review such Manufacturing Change with Customer. Manufacturer will bear all costs and expenses associated with implementing the Manufacturing Change, unless such Manufacturing Change relates solely to a Product or Products manufactured for Customer (including any required labeling changes), in which case Customer will bear all costs and expenses associated with implementing such Manufacturing Change for such Product, including any changes to labeling or packaging, but only to the extent such costs are reasonable and documented.

 

  4.4

Pest Control.

Manufacturer shall manufacture all Products, and Manufacturer shall store all Product Materials, Buy-Sell Materials, Customer-Supplied Materials, and all Products, in a clean, dry area, free from insects and rodents, in a manner to prevent entry of foreign materials and contamination of Product. Manufacturer’s pest control measures shall include the adequate cleaning of the Facility, control of food and drink, protection of Product from the environment, monitoring of flying and crawling pests and logs detailing findings and actions taken. Manufacturer’s pest control program shall be detailed in a written procedure which complies with applicable Laws, including cGMPs, and which shall be subject to review and approval by Customer. If Customer has specific concerns about procedures in place at any Facility, Customer will present such issues in its audit findings and the Parties will discuss in good faith a mutually agreeable plan for resolution of such issues. Failure of Manufacturer to comply with this Section 4.4 shall be deemed a material breach of this Agreement.

 

  4.5

Legal and Regulatory Filings and Requests.

 

  (a)

Manufacturer shall reasonably cooperate with Customer in responding to all requests for information from, and in making all legally required filings with, Governmental Authorities in the Territory having jurisdiction to make such requests or require such filings. Manufacturer shall: (a) obtain and comply with all licenses, consents and permits required under applicable Laws in the Territory (and Manufacturer shall provide Customer with a

 

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  copy of all such licenses, consents and permits that are material upon Customer’s reasonable request); and (b) comply with all applicable Laws in the Territory with respect to its manufacturing and packaging processes, the Facility or otherwise, to permit the performance of its obligations hereunder. Upon Customer’s request, Manufacturer shall apply for and obtain Certificates of Pharmaceutical Production (“CPP”) from the Governmental Authorities of the country where the Facility is located, such CPPs to be issued to countries where CPPs according to Customer’s opinion are required. Manufacturer shall pay all reasonable costs necessary to obtain such CPPs and be entitled to be reimbursed against invoice by Customer at cost; provided that Manufacturer shall make good faith efforts to consolidate its invoices for such reimbursement for CPPs and submit to Customer on a Fiscal Year quarterly basis.

 

  (b)

In the event that Customer wishes to extend the Territory with respect to a certain Product, Customer shall notify Manufacturer of such request and Manufacturer shall consider Customer’s request in good faith. For the avoidance of doubt, in the event that the Parties agree to extend the Territory with respect to a certain Product, any resulting Manufacturing Change shall be treated as a discretionary Manufacturing Change and governed by Section 4.3(a).

 

  4.6

Quality Tests and Checks.

Manufacturer shall perform all bulk holding stability, manufacturing trials, validation (including, but not limited to, method, process and equipment cleaning validation), raw material, in-process, bulk finished product and stability (chemical and/or microbial) tests or checks required to assure the quality of a given Product and any tests or checks required by the Specifications, the Quality Agreement, applicable Facility Addendum or applicable Laws. With respect to any Product manufactured prior to Closing or located at a Facility as of Closing, Manufacturer shall maintain, continue and complete any and all such activities, tests and checks, including, without limitation, all ongoing stability testing. All costs associated with the performance of Manufacturer’s obligations under this Section 4.6 (including with respect to any Product manufactured prior to Closing or located at a Facility as of Closing) are included in the Price of each Product and, accordingly, Manufacturer shall perform the foregoing at its cost and expense, without further reimbursement from Customer. Manufacturer shall obtain Product for these tests from batches of Product manufactured under this Agreement, and Manufacturer is responsible for providing all necessary technical, quality and operational resources. All tests and test results shall be performed, documented and summarized by Manufacturer in accordance with the Specifications, Quality Agreement, applicable Facility Addendum, applicable Laws and reasonable quality assurance requirements provided by Customer to Manufacturer in writing. Manufacturer shall maintain all production Records and disposition of each batch of Product.

 

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  4.7

Responsibility for Non-Complying Product.

Manufacturer shall not release any Product for Delivery to Customer that does not conform to the covenants set forth in Section 5.2(e) (such non-conforming Product, “Non-Complying Product”), without the prior written approval of Customer. Manufacturer shall quarantine all such Non-Complying Products and shall promptly submit to Customer a report detailing the nature of such non-compliance and Manufacturer’s recommended disposition, including the investigation and testing done. Manufacturer shall also provide any additional information regarding such Non-Complying Product as may reasonably be requested by Customer. Customer shall not be required to pay for any Non-Complying Product or for the destruction or other disposition thereof (unless an investigation determines that the root cause for such Product being Non-Complying Product is Non-Complying Buy-Sell Materials or Non-Complying Customer-Supplied Material).

 

  4.8

Rejection of Non-Complying Product.

 

  (a)

Customers Ability to Reject. Customer may reject any Non-Complying Product or Product that is not delivered to Customer in accordance with this Agreement by providing written notice of such rejection to Manufacturer within seventy-five (75) days following Customer’s receipt of any Delivery of Product hereunder; provided, however, that Customer may, until the expiry date for a Product, provide notice of rejection of any Delivery of such Product having (i) latent defects, (ii) any defects that are not reasonably discoverable by Customer through standard inspection and testing of Products or (iii) defects caused by the breach by Manufacturer of any of its representations or warranties under this Agreement (collectively, “Latent Defects”); provided, further, that, and notwithstanding the foregoing, Customer shall notify Manufacturer within sixty (60) days after Customer first becomes aware of any such Latent Defect.

 

  (b)

Manufacturer’s Ability to Reject. Manufacturer may reject any Non-Complying Product by (i) providing Customer with no less than sixty (60) days’ prior written notice of Manufacturer’s intention to reject such Non-Complying Product along with the documentation set forth in Section 4.7, (ii) meeting with Customer at Customer’s request to discuss the basis for the proposed rejection of the subject Non-Complying Product, and (iii) providing Customer with notice of rejection in the event that Manufacturer rejects the subject Non-Complying Product at the end of such sixty (60) day period (or such other time frame as the parties may agree upon).

 

  (c)

Manufacturers Obligation; Replacement. Manufacturer shall respond to any rejection, defect notice or any quality-related complaint from Customer pursuant to Section 4.8(a) in a timely manner or such other time frame as may be specified in the applicable Quality Agreement. Manufacturer shall conduct an analysis of the causes of any such complaint, shall report to Customer on any corrective action taken and shall reasonably consider

 

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  Customer’s suggestions related to such corrective action or other quality-related matters. Customer shall promptly return any Product (or portions thereof) rejected pursuant to Section 4.8(a) to Manufacturer at Manufacturer’s expense. With respect to any Non-Complying Product rejected by Customer, in addition to any other rights or remedies of Customer hereunder, Customer may elect, in its sole discretion, upon written notice to Manufacturer to either (i) have Manufacturer replace any Non-Complying Product as soon as practicable at no additional charge to Customer; provided that (A) the Manufacturer shall replace such Non-Complying Product within a period of ninety (90) days beginning on the date that the Manufacturer confirms or a Third-Party laboratory determines that the subject Product is a Non-Complying Product, and (B) if Manufacturer fails to replace such Non-Complying Product within such ninety (90) day period, then a Triggering Event shall be deemed to have occurred and the provisions of Section 2.5 shall apply; or (ii) be reimbursed for the Price of the Non-Complying Product actually paid. Manufacturer shall reimburse Customer for the cost of all Customer-Supplied Materials used to manufacture any Non-Complying Product (unless such Product is a Non-Complying Product due to any Non-Complying Customer-Supplied Material, as applicable).

 

  (d)

Independent Testing. If the Parties are unable to agree on whether Product rejected by Customer is Non-Complying Product, then Manufacturer may hire an independent Third-Party laboratory, subject to Customer’s prior written approval of such laboratory, not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed, to perform testing on such rejected Product in accordance with the Specifications, applicable Laws and the Quality Agreement, which Third Party laboratory shall promptly provide the results thereof to Customer and Manufacturer. Manufacturer must engage such Third-Party laboratory within the thirty (30) day period following Manufacturer’s receipt of Customer’s rejection notice. If Manufacturer fails to engage such Third-Party laboratory during such thirty (30) day period, then Manufacturer will be deemed to have waived its right to engage such Third-Party laboratory. The determination of such tests shall be binding upon the Parties for all purposes hereunder; provided that, if such tests are unable to determine whether or not such rejected Product is Non-Complying Product, or if Manufacturer does not engage such Third-Party laboratory within the thirty (30) day period, then such Product shall be deemed to be Non-Complying Product. If such tests determine that the rejected Product is, or such Product is so deemed to be, Non-Complying Product, then Manufacturer shall bear the costs of such tests and Customer’s remedies with respect to Non-Complying Product as set forth in this Agreement shall apply to such Non-Complying Product. Otherwise, Customer shall (i) bear the costs of such tests and shall remain obligated to pay Manufacturer the Price for such Product in accordance with Section 3 and (ii) reimburse Manufacturer for any shipping charges paid by Manufacturer pursuant to Section 4.8(c) with respect to the return of such

 

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  Product to Manufacturer. Without limiting the foregoing obligations, if Customer reasonably requests in writing, then Manufacturer shall use commercially reasonable efforts to re-deliver such Product to Customer at Customer’s expense. For the avoidance of doubt, provided that the Product conforms to the minimum shelf-life dating set forth in Section 5.2(e)(v) upon initial Delivery, such minimum shelf-life dating requirement shall not apply to the subject Product upon re-delivery in accordance with the immediately preceding sentence.

 

  (e)

Survival. The provisions of this Section 4.8 shall survive termination or expiration of this Agreement or the applicable Facility Addendum.

 

  4.9

Disposal of Rejected and Non-Complying Product.

All Non-Complying Product and Product rejected pursuant to this Agreement shall be removed (if applicable) and disposed of by Manufacturer in accordance with all applicable Laws, and as approved in advance by Customer in writing (such disposal cost to be at Manufacturer’s expense, unless it is subsequently determined that Customer wrongly rejected such Product pursuant to Section 4.8). Manufacturer shall make documentation relating to such disposition available to Customer upon Customer’s reasonable request. Manufacturer shall not sell for salvage or for any other purpose any rejected or Non-Complying Product, without the prior written approval of Customer. Manufacturer shall destroy all Non-Complying Product prior to disposal and Manufacturer shall deface and render unreadable all words or symbols that identify Customer, including Customer’s trademarks and logotypes that adorn any packaging containing such Product, prior to disposal of such Product.

 

  4.10

Maintenance and Retention of Records.

Manufacturer shall maintain detailed Records with respect to Product Materials, Buy-Sell Materials, and Customer-Supplied Materials usage and finished Product production in accordance with the Quality Agreement.

 

  4.11

Government Inspections, Seizures and Recalls.

 

  (a)

Notification; Initiation of Recalls. If (i) Manufacturer determines or comes to learn that a Product distributed to the market contains a latent defect or (ii) the FDA or any other Governmental Authority conducts an inspection at Manufacturer’s Facility, seizes any Product, Buy-Sell Materials, Customer-Supplied Materials, or Product Materials, requests a Recall of any Product, Buy-Sell Materials, Customer-Supplied Materials, or Product Materials, or otherwise notifies Manufacturer of any violation or potential violation of any applicable Law at the Facility, or (iii) Customer notifies Manufacturer of its intent to initiate a Recall, then, with respect to each ((i)-(iii)), Manufacturer shall promptly notify Customer (as applicable) and shall take such actions as may be required under the Specifications or Quality

 

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  Agreement. As applicable, Manufacturer shall promptly send any reports relating to such inspections, Recalls, violations or potential violations of applicable Law to Customer; provided that Manufacturer may reasonably redact any such reports to protect its confidential and proprietary Information that does not relate to Products. In the event that any such Governmental Authority requests, but does not seize, a given Product in connection with any such inspection, Manufacturer shall, to the extent reasonably practicable and permitted by applicable Law (1) promptly notify Customer of such request, (2) satisfy such request only after receiving Customer’s approval, (3) follow any reasonable procedures instructed by Customer in responding to such request and (4) promptly send any samples of the applicable Product requested by the Governmental Authority to Customer. Manufacturer shall give and permit full and unrestricted access to all or any of its premises at any time to any authorized representative of any Governmental Authority or any of its agents or advisers and shall cooperate fully with any such representatives, in each case, relating to any such inspection. Manufacturer shall not initiate any Recall of Product, except as provided in the Quality Agreement, without the prior written agreement by Customer.

 

  (b)

Costs. In the event a Recall results from any breach by Manufacturer of this Agreement, including Recalls on account of a given Product containing a latent defect, in addition to any other rights or remedies available to Customer under this Agreement, Manufacturer shall reimburse Customer for Customer’s costs and expenses associated with such Recall, including costs of materials supplied by Customer (including Customer-Supplied Materials), shipping costs, administrative costs associated with arranging and coordinating the Recall and all actual Third Party costs associated with the distribution of replacement Product; provided that Customer shall be solely responsible for all, and shall reimburse Manufacturer for Manufacturer’s costs and expenses associated with any Recall to the extent such Recall does not result from a breach by Manufacturer of this Agreement (e.g., is due to any Non-Complying Customer-Supplied Material or Non-Complying Buy-Sell Material).

 

  4.12

Inspections.

Subject to the remainder of this Section 4.12, no more than once per calendar year, upon thirty (30) days’ advance written notice to Manufacturer, Customer may physically inspect or audit (consistent with Section 15.2) the Facilities under this Section 4.12; provided that Customer will use good faith efforts to choose dates of inspection or audit that do not unreasonably interfere with the operation of Manufacturer’s business; provided, further, that Customer shall consider in good faith any alternative dates of inspection or audit proposed by Manufacturer within five (5) days of Manufacturer’s receipt of such notice (it being understood that nothing in this Section 4.12 shall require Customer to accept any such proposed alternative dates of inspection or audit). Notwithstanding the limits set forth in the

 

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foregoing sentence, Customer may more frequently conduct “for cause” physical inspections or audits of a Facility with five (5) days’ advance written notice to Manufacturer if Customer has reasonable cause to believe that an inspection or audit of such Facility is warranted because Manufacturer’s activities with respect to such Facility are in breach of this Agreement, applicable Laws, the Quality Agreement or the applicable Facility Addendum. Any such inspection or audit shall include access to relevant Records (subject to the terms of Section 15.2) and Personnel and being present during, as applicable, start-up manufacturing operations, validation, cleaning, sampling, laboratory testing, warehouse receiving and storage, pack out and shipping. Manufacturer shall provide technical assistance and direction to Customer and its representatives at the Facility. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, Customer may conduct, at its own expense, periodic quality audits, to ensure Manufacturer’s compliance with the terms of this Agreement. Manufacturer shall cooperate with Customer’s representatives for all of these purposes, and shall promptly correct any deficiencies noted during the audits. Any Records or information accessed or otherwise obtained by Customer or its representatives during any such inspection or audit or any visit at any Facility shall be deemed Manufacturer’s confidential and proprietary Information and each representative of Customer will be subject to non-use and other confidentiality obligations substantially comparable to those set forth herein for Customer.

 

  4.13

Segregation of Restricted Compounds.

Unless otherwise set forth in a Facility Addendum with respect to a Product, Manufacturer shall not manufacture a Product using facilities or equipment shared with the following classes of product without prior consultation and agreement with Customer: (a) steroids, hormones, or otherwise highly active or toxic products that carry a likelihood of a serious adverse effect (e.g., carcinogenicity; anaphylaxis; reproductive and/or developmental toxicity; serious target organ toxicity) following a potential product cross-contamination or carry-over scenario, particularly at low exposure concentrations (i.e., with reference to an acceptable daily exposure (ADE) value or permitted daily exposure (PDE) value < 10 µg/day); (b) immunosuppressors where the ADE or PDE value < 10 µg/day; (c) live or infectious biological agents; (d) live or attenuated vaccines; (e) biotherapeutics where the ADE or PDE value < 10 µg/day and sufficient deactivation cannot be demonstrated; (f) products exclusive for animal use; (g) non-medicinal products; or (h) radiopharmaceuticals. Manufacturer shall not manufacture any highly sensitizing products, including beta-lactam antibiotics, as well as certain non-beta-lactam antibiotics, or otherwise highly sensitizing products that can elicit an immediate hypersensitivity reaction (Type I hypersensitivity; immunoglobulin E-mediated) in the same Facility as a Product.

 

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  4.14

Packaging Material.

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable Facility Addendum, Customer shall determine and be responsible for the text (including any logos or other graphics) for all packaging material used in connection with Product. Manufacturer shall assure that all packaging materials are accurate and consistent with Customer’s specifications for such text or graphics, including such matters as placement, size and colors. Manufacturer shall promptly notify Customer of any errors or deficiencies in such provided packaging materials.

 

5.

Covenants.

 

  5.1

Mutual Covenants. Each Party hereby covenants to the other Party that it will perform its activities under this Agreement in full compliance with all applicable Global Trade Control Laws, including as follows:

 

  (a)

unless a license or other authorization is first obtained, the issuance of which is not guaranteed, neither Party will knowingly transfer to the other Party any goods, software, technology or services that are (1) controlled at a level other than EAR99 under the U.S. Export Administration Regulations; (2) controlled under the U.S. International Traffic in Arms Regulations; (3) specifically identified as an E.U. Dual Use Item; or (4) on an applicable export control list of a foreign country;

 

  (b)

prior to engaging in any activities in a Restricted Market, involving individuals ordinarily resident in a Restricted Market or including companies, organizations, or Governmental Authorities from or located in a Restricted Market in each case in connection with this Agreement, each Party must first notify the other Party (which notice, notwithstanding Section 17, shall be addressed to (a) Pluto at gtc@pfizer.com and (b) Spinco at [●]), who will review and, if compliant with Global Trade Control Laws, approve (subject to any appropriate conditions) such activities (such approval not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed), within five (5) Business Days of such notification; provided that (1) to the extent relating to U.S. sanctions or export controls, such notification and approval shall not be required if the activity contemplated would be permissible for U.S. persons subject to U.S. sanctions (including without limitation under a U.S. Department of the Treasury Office of Foreign Assets Control general license), and (2) once notification is made and approval is granted with respect to a specific counterparty in a Restricted Market, further notification and approval will not be required for future transactions or activities with the same counterparty (unless there is a change in circumstances, processes or intermediate parties, including, but not limited to, carriers, or otherwise a change to Global Trade Control Laws relevant to that Restricted Market or counterparty); provided that, notwithstanding the foregoing, neither Party shall undertake any of the activities described in this clause (2) without the prior written approval of the other Party; and

 

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  (c)

notwithstanding anything set forth in Section 4.14 to the contrary, for the purposes of any and all packaging and shipping of any goods, software, technology or services pursuant to the activities contemplated under this Agreement, Manufacturer will determine:

 

  (i)

a classification under relevant import and export laws;

 

  (ii)

the country of origin; and

 

  (iii)

a value for customs;

provided, however, that the Party acting as the importer of record (IOR) or exporter of record (EOR) shall have the right to request a review of any determination contemplated by clause (i), (ii) or (iii) above; provided, further, that if the IOR or EOR (as applicable) disagrees with such determination, then such Party shall maintain the right to refuse to export or import the applicable goods, software, technology or services.

 

  5.2

Manufacturer Covenants. Manufacturer hereby covenants to Customer that:

 

  (a)

The Facility and all equipment, tooling and molds utilized in the manufacture and supply of Product hereunder by or on behalf of Manufacturer shall, during the Term of this Agreement, be maintained in good operating condition and shall be maintained and operated in accordance with all applicable Laws. The manufacturing and storage operations, procedures and processes utilized in manufacture and supply of Product hereunder (including the Facility) shall be in full compliance with all applicable Laws, including cGMP and health and safety laws.

 

  (b)

Manufacturer shall perform all of its obligations under this Agreement in compliance with the applicable Laws in the Territory. Manufacturer is in compliance and shall continue to comply, and shall cause its Personnel to comply, with all applicable Laws, including Laws requiring Serialization; provided that, with respect to compliance with Laws requiring Serialization, Customer shall reimburse Manufacturer for all investments made or costs incurred by Manufacturer in connection with any Serialization requirements specific to a given Product or Products (which, for clarity, shall not include Serialization requirements applicable to both Products and other products produced by Manufacturer in the Facility), but only to the extent such costs are reasonable and documented and are directed specifically with respect to a Product or Products. Manufacturer has and shall continue to have, and shall cause its Personnel to have, all professional licenses, consents, authorizations, permits, and certificates, and shall have and shall cause its Personnel to have completed all registrations and made such notifications as required by applicable Law for its performance of the services under this Agreement.

 

  (c)

Manufacturer shall hold during the Term of this Agreement all licenses, permits and similar authorizations required by any Governmental Authority in the Territory for Manufacturer to perform its obligations under this Agreement.

 

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  (d)

Manufacturer shall have good title to all Product supplied to Customer pursuant to this Agreement and shall pass such title to Customer (or its designee) free and clear of any security interests, liens, or other encumbrances.

 

  (e)

Products furnished by Manufacturer to Customer under this Agreement:

 

  (i)

shall be manufactured, packaged, labeled, handled, stored and Delivered in accordance with, shall be of the quality specified in, and shall conform upon Delivery to Customer (or its designee) to, the Specifications;

 

  (ii)

shall be manufactured, packaged, labeled, handled, stored and Delivered in compliance with all applicable Laws including, without limitation, cGMPs, and in accordance with the Quality Agreement, this Agreement and the applicable Facility Addendum;

 

  (iii)

shall not contain any Product Material that has not been used, handled or stored by or on behalf of Manufacturer in accordance with the Specifications, all applicable Laws, the Quality Agreement, this Agreement and the applicable Facility Addendum;

 

  (iv)

shall not be adulterated or misbranded within the meaning of Sections 501 and 502, respectively, of the Act or any other applicable Law; and

 

  (v)

shall, at the time Delivered, have at least a remaining shelf-life as specified in the applicable Facility Addendum.

Notwithstanding the foregoing clauses (i) through (v) of this Section 5.2(e) or anything else contained in this Agreement or any Facility Addendum or Quality Agreement, Manufacturer shall have no liability under this Agreement (including under Section 4.11(b) or Section 10.1) or any Facility Addendum or Quality Agreement for any Non-Complying Product which is non-complying due to any Non-Complying Customer-Supplied Materials or Non-Complying Buy-Sell Materials.

 

  (f)

Manufacturer has not and will not directly or indirectly offer or pay, or authorize such offer or payment, of any money or anything of value or improperly or corruptly seek to influence any Government Official or any other Person in order to gain an improper business advantage, and, has not accepted, and will not accept in the future, such a payment. Manufacturer will comply with the Anti-Bribery and Anti-Corruption Principles set forth in Attachment D.

 

  (g)

Manufacturer shall ensure that it and its Personnel comply with the standard policies, regulations and directives listed on Attachment E and incorporated herein.

 

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  5.3

Manufacturers Social Responsibility.

 

  (a)

Manufacturer covenants that it shall not, during the Term of this Agreement (i) use involuntary or underage labor (defined in accordance with applicable Laws) at the Facilities where its performance under this Agreement will occur or (ii) maintain unsafe or unhealthy conditions in any dormitories or lodging that it provides for its employees. Manufacturer agrees that during the Term of this Agreement, it shall promptly correct unsafe or unhealthy conditions in any dormitories or lodging that it provides for its employees.

 

  (b)

Manufacturer covenants that it will perform its obligations under this Agreement in a manner consistent with all of the Pharmaceutical Industry Principles for Responsible Supply Chain Management, as codified as of the Effective Date at http://www.pharmaceuticalsupplychain.org.

 

  (c)

Manufacturer shall not use, and shall not allow to be used, any (i) cassiterite, columbite-tantalite, gold, wolframite, or the derivatives tantalum, tin or tungsten that originated in the Democratic Republic of Congo or an adjoining country or (ii) any other mineral or its derivatives determined by the Secretary of State to be financing conflict pursuant to Section 13(p) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 ((i)-(ii) collectively, “Conflict Minerals”), in the production of any Product. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if Manufacturer uses, or determines that it has used, a Conflict Mineral in the production of any Product, Manufacturer shall immediately notify Customer, which notice shall contain a written description of the use of the Conflict Mineral, including, without limitation, whether the Conflict Mineral appears in any amount in the applicable Product (including trace amounts) and a valid and verifiable certificate of origin of the Conflict Mineral used. Manufacturer must be able to demonstrate that it undertook a reasonable country of origin inquiry and due diligence process in connection with its preparation and delivery of the certificate of origin.

 

  (d)

Manufacturer will provide Customer with periodic access, upon reasonable notice, to any of its Facilities where it is performing under this Agreement, to its employees and Records and to any associated dormitories or lodging that Manufacturer provides to its employees, to permit Customer to determine Manufacturer’s compliance with this Section 5.3. Customer may exercise its inspection rights under this Section 5.3(d) upon receipt of any information that would suggest to a reasonable Person that Manufacturer is not fulfilling its obligations under this Section 5.3.

 

  5.4

Notice of Material Events.

Manufacturer will promptly notify Customer of any actual or anticipated events of which Manufacturer is aware that have or would be reasonably expected to have a material effect on any Product or on its ability to manufacture or supply any Product in accordance with the provisions set forth herein, including any labor difficulties, strikes, shortages in materials, plant closings, interruptions in activity and the like.

 

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  5.5

Disclaimer of Warranties.

EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY PROVIDED IN THIS AGREEMENT, NEITHER PARTY MAKES NOR RECEIVES ANY WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS, IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, SUITABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY FIRMWARE, SOFTWARE OR HARDWARE PROVIDED OR USED HEREUNDER, AND ANY REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES ARISING FROM COURSE OF DEALING, COURSE OF PERFORMANCE OR TRADE USAGE, AND ALL SUCH REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES ARE HEREBY EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED.

 

6.

Environmental Covenants.

 

  6.1

Compliance with Environmental Laws.

 

  (a)

Manufacturer shall perform all of its obligations herein in compliance with all Environmental Laws and all licenses, registrations, notifications, certificates, approvals, authorizations or permits required under Environmental Laws.

 

  (b)

Manufacturer shall be solely responsible for all Environmental Liabilities arising from its performance of this Agreement.

 

  6.2

Permits, Licenses and Authorization.

 

  (a)

Manufacturer shall be solely responsible for obtaining, and shall obtain in a timely manner, and maintain in good standing, all licenses, registrations, notifications, certificates, approvals, authorizations or permits required under Environmental Laws, whether de novo documents or modifications to existing documents, which are necessary to perform the services hereunder, and shall bear all costs and expenses associated therewith.

 

  (b)

Manufacturer shall provide copies of all material items referenced in Section 6.2(a) to Customer upon request by Customer and shall operate in compliance therewith.

 

  (c)

Manufacturer shall provide Customer with reasonably prompt verbal notice, confirmed in writing within twenty-four (24) hours, in the event of any major incident, which shall include any event, occurrence, or circumstance, including any governmental or private action, which materially impacts or could materially impact Manufacturer’s ability to fulfill its obligations under this Agreement. These include, but are not limited to: (i) material revocation or modification of any of the documents described in Section 6.2(a),

 

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  (ii) any action by Governmental Authorities that may reasonably lead to the material revocation or modification of Manufacturer’s required permits, licenses, or authorizations, as listed above, (iii) any Third Party Claim against the management or ownership of the Facility that could reasonably materially impact Manufacturer’s obligations under this Agreement, (iv) any fire, explosion, significant accident, or catastrophic Release of Hazardous Materials, or significant “near miss” incident, (v) any significant non-compliance with Environmental Laws and (vi) any environmental condition or operating practice that may reasonably be believed to present a significant threat to human health, safety or the environment.

 

  (d)

Notwithstanding the requirements noted above, each Party, whether Customer or Manufacturer, is required to create and maintain:

 

  (i)

required licenses, permits and agreements, including those necessary to affect imports, exports, and activities covered by economic sanctions regulations, including annual agreements for activities involving Restricted Markets;

 

  (ii)

policies, procedures, controls, and systems to support compliance with Global Trade Control Laws; and

 

  (iii)

agreements with Customs Brokers, freight forwarders, financial institutions, and other third parties, as necessary.

 

  6.3

Generation of Hazardous Wastes.

Without limiting other legally applicable requirements, Manufacturer shall prepare, execute and maintain, as the generator of Waste, all registrations, notices, shipping documents and manifests required under applicable Environmental Laws and in accordance therewith. Manufacturer shall utilize only reputable and lawful Waste transportation and disposal vendors, and shall not knowingly utilize any such vendor whose operations endanger human health or the environment.

 

  6.4

Environmental Sustainability Information.

Manufacturer will disclose to Customer, on an annual basis, its results with respect to any efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, water consumption or the generation of waste associated with the performance of this Agreement, to the extent Manufacturer otherwise prepares such results.

 

  6.5

Environmental and Health and Safety Reviews.

 

  (a)

Manufacturer covenants that it will, to the Manufacturer’s knowledge, completely and accurately disclose to Customer all material environmental and health and safety information regarding its Products (including an obligation to supplement this information, as necessary) during the Term of this Agreement, as reasonably requested by Customer.

 

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  (b)

Manufacturer shall permit Customer (at Customer’s expense) to conduct reasonable annual reviews of the environmental and health and safety practices and performance of the Facilities with respect to the Products where Manufacturer’s performance under this Agreement is occurring; provided that such review shall not include any invasive sampling at such Facilities and shall not unreasonably interfere with Manufacturer’s operation of such Facilities. In connection with such reviews, Manufacturer shall reasonably assist in the completion of an environmental health and safety survey of Manufacturer or the scheduling of an environmental health and safety audit of the Facility, as applicable, in each case with respect to the Products. Customer shall share its findings (including any deficiencies) with Manufacturer as soon as practicable, Manufacturer shall have the sole right to report any such deficiencies to third parties and Manufacturer shall use commercially reasonable efforts to correct, at no expense to Customer, such deficiencies in its environmental and health and safety management practices with respect to the Products that are not in compliance with applicable Law or create significant risk to human health or the environment. Manufacturer acknowledges that such reviews conducted by Customer are for the benefit of Customer only; they are not a substitute for Manufacturer’s own environmental and health and safety management obligations under this Agreement and accordingly, Manufacturer may not rely upon them.

 

7.

Term; Termination.

 

  7.1

Term of Agreement.

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable Facility Addendum, this Agreement (a) shall commence on the Effective Date and shall continue for a period of four (4) years from such date (the “Initial Term” of this Agreement), unless sooner terminated pursuant to Section 7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6 or 7.7, and (b) may be extended for up to three (3) additional periods of twelve (12) months (each, an “Extension Period”) by written notice given by Customer to Manufacturer not less than twelve (12) months prior to the expiration of the Initial Term or the applicable Extension Period, as the case may be. The Initial Term and all Extension Periods shall be referred to collectively as the “Term” of this Agreement. For the avoidance of doubt, the Term of this Agreement shall continue until all Facility Addenda hereunder expire or otherwise terminate, unless this Agreement or such Facility Addenda are sooner terminated pursuant to Section 7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6 or 7.7.

 

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  7.2

Term of Facility Addendum.

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable Facility Addendum, each Facility Addendum shall commence on the Effective Date and shall continue for a period of four (4) years from such date (the “Initial Term” of the Facility Addendum), unless extended or terminated pursuant to Section 7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6 or 7.7. A Facility Addendum may be extended for up to three (3) additional periods of twelve (12) months (each, an “Extension Period”) by written notice given by Customer to Manufacturer not less than twelve (12) months prior to the expiration of the Initial Term or the applicable Extension Period, as the case may be. The Initial Term and all Extension Periods shall be referred to collectively as the “Term” of the Facility Addendum.

 

  7.3

Termination for Cause.

 

  (a)

Either Party may terminate this Agreement and the applicable Facility Addendum, on a Product-by-Product basis, with respect to a particular Product, upon written notice to the other Party in the event of a material breach by the other Party of any term of this Agreement or Facility Addendum with respect to such Product, which breach remains uncured for ninety (90) calendar days following written notice to such breaching Party of such material breach.

 

  (b)

Either Party may terminate this Agreement and the applicable Facility Addendum, on a Facility Addendum-by-Facility Addendum basis, with respect to a particular Facility, upon written notice to the other Party in the event of a material breach by the other Party of any term of this Agreement or Facility Addendum with respect to such Facility, which breach remains uncured for ninety (90) calendar days following written notice to such breaching Party of such material breach.

 

  (c)

For clarity, in the event that multiple Products are manufactured by or on behalf of Manufacturer under this Agreement in the same Facility, a material breach by Manufacturer of this Agreement or Facility Addendum that is an act or omission specific to one or more Products in a Facility, but not all Products in such Facility, shall give rise to an ability of Customer to terminate this Agreement solely with respect to the affected Product(s) under Section 7.3(a) but shall not give rise to an ability of Customer to terminate the relevant Facility Addendum under Section 7.3(b).

 

  7.4

Termination for Disposition of Facility.

In the event that Manufacturer or any of its Affiliates, directly or indirectly, sells, assigns, leases, conveys, transfers or otherwise disposes of any Facility (a “Facility Disposition”), then Manufacturer shall immediately notify Customer of such event and Customer shall be entitled for a period of six (6) months after the receipt of such notice to terminate any Facility Addendum with respect to such Facility for cause immediately upon written notice to Manufacturer and, in the event Customer decides not to terminate the Facility Addendum for cause, Customer shall be entitled for a period of two (2) years (or such longer period in order to obtain approval for manufacture from all applicable Governmental Authorities) after

 

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receipt of such notice to receive Technical Support at Manufacturer’s sole cost to enable Customer to orderly transfer production of affected Product or Products to a Customer facility or an alternative facility as designated by Customer; provided that Manufacturer shall notify Customer of any proposed or planned Facility Disposition by Manufacturer or any of its Affiliates as soon as reasonably practicable and in any event no later than the date that is three (3) months prior to the effective date of such Facility Disposition.

 

  7.5

Termination in Event of Insolvency.

In the event that a Party hereto (a) becomes insolvent, or institutes or has instituted against it a petition for bankruptcy or is adjudicated bankrupt, (b) executes a bill of sale, deed of trust, or a general assignment for the benefit of creditors, (c) is dissolved or liquidated or (d) has a receiver appointed for the benefit of its creditors, or has a receiver appointed on account of insolvency (in the case of clauses (a)–(d), such Party shall be referred to as the “Insolvent Party”), then the Insolvent Party shall immediately notify the other Party of such event and such other Party shall be entitled to (i) terminate this Agreement or any and all Facility Addenda for cause immediately upon written notice to the Insolvent Party or (ii) request that the Insolvent Party or its successor provide adequate assurances of continued and future performance in form and substance acceptable to such other Party, which shall be provided by the Insolvent Party within ten (10) calendar days of such request, and the other Party may terminate this Agreement and any or all Facility Addenda for cause immediately upon written notice to the Insolvent Party in the event that the Insolvent Party fails to provide such assurances acceptable to the other Party within such ten (10) day period.

 

  7.6

Termination for Breach of Anti-Bribery Representation.

Customer may terminate this Agreement and any and all Facility Addenda effective immediately upon notice to Manufacturer, if Manufacturer (a) breaches any of the representations and warranties set forth in Section 5.2(f) or (b) Customer learns (i) that improper payments are being or have been made or offered to any Government Official or any other Person by Manufacturer or those acting on behalf of Manufacturer with respect to any obligations performed hereunder or (ii) that Manufacturer or those acting on behalf of Manufacturer with respect to the performance of any obligations hereunder has accepted any payment, item, or benefit, regardless of value, as an improper inducement to award, obtain or retain business or otherwise gain or grant an improper business advantage from or to any other Person or entity. Further, in the event of such termination, Manufacturer shall not be entitled to any further payment, regardless of any activities undertaken or agreements with additional Third Parties entered into by Manufacturer prior to such termination, and Manufacturer shall be liable for damages or remedies as provided by this Agreement, at Law or in equity.

 

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  7.7

Termination for Convenience by Customer.

 

  (a)

This Agreement and/or any or all Facility Addendum (unless otherwise specified in the applicable Facility Addendum) may be terminated on a Product-by-Product basis by Customer immediately upon written notice to Manufacturer, if Customer cannot continue to distribute, use, market or sell such Product supplied under this Agreement or the relevant Facility Addendum without violating any then-current Laws.

 

  (b)

This Agreement and/or any or all Facility Addenda shall be deemed to be terminated by Customer on a Product-by-Product basis without any further action of either Customer or Manufacturer in the event that Customer fails to order a Product during any rolling eighteen (18) month period; provided that this subsection (b) shall not apply with respect to API as Product.

 

  7.8

Effect of Termination or Expiration.

 

  (a)

The termination or expiration of this Agreement (whether in its entirety or with respect to any Product or Facility) or any Facility Addendum for any reason shall not release any Party hereto of any liability which at the time of termination or expiration had already accrued to the other Party in respect to any act or omission prior thereto.

 

  (b)

Upon termination of this Agreement by Customer in whole or in part or upon the termination of any Facility Addendum, in each case, pursuant to Section 7.3, 7.4, 7.5 or 7.6, and on a terminated-Product-by-terminated-Product basis, at Customer’s option and pursuant to Customer’s instructions, Manufacturer shall provide Customer with sufficient inventory of such terminated Product to ensure business continuity according to then-current terms and pricing (subject to Section 3) until the earlier of: (i) Customer’s identification of, and securing of Regulatory Approval for, another supplier of such terminated Product or (ii) unless otherwise set forth in the applicable Facility Addendum as the “Inventory Tail Period” for such Product, a time period that reflects Customer’s reasonable needs of such Product as mutually agreed upon by the Parties in good faith. Manufacturer shall take such further action, at Manufacturer’s expense, that Customer may reasonably request to minimize delay and expense arising from termination or expiration of this Agreement. For the avoidance of doubt, Manufacturer’s obligation to supply Product pursuant to this Section 7.8(b) shall be subject to and governed by the terms of this Agreement, including terms pertaining to Forecasts and Purchase Orders and payment terms.

 

  (c)

Upon Customer’s request at any time during the Term, Manufacturer shall promptly notify Customer of any material contracts, licenses, permits, and other material documents, in each case, that are specific to, and are used solely in connection with, a Product or Facility Addendum and provide copies or access thereto subject to any restrictions on the provision of copies

 

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  or access. Upon termination or expiration of this Agreement in whole or in part or any Facility Addendum, if requested by Customer within ninety (90) days immediately following the effective date of such expiration or termination of this Agreement and pursuant to Customer’s reasonable request and instructions, Manufacturer shall use commercially reasonable efforts to, as applicable, make assignments or partial assignments of such material contracts, licenses, permits, and other material documents, as applicable, in each case subject to any restrictions on assignment, or as may otherwise be set forth in any Contract relating thereto. Customer shall reimburse Manufacturer for all out-of-pocket costs reasonably incurred by Manufacturer in activities conducted pursuant to this Section 7.8(c), unless this Agreement has been terminated by Customer pursuant to Section 7.3, 7.4, 7.5 or 7.6, in which case Manufacturer shall bear all such reasonable expenses.

 

  (d)

The termination or expiration of this Agreement shall not affect the survival and continuing validity of Section 2.10 (Transitional Support) (with respect to Manufacturer’s obligations and to the extent Technical Support has been requested prior to, or within ninety (90) days following, the effective date of termination or expiration), Section 3.5 (Invoices and Payment), Sections 4.1, 4.5, 4.6, 4.8, 4.10, 4.11, 4.12 and 4.13 (Manufacturing Standards and Quality Assurance), Section 5 (Covenants), Section 6 (Environmental Covenants), Section 7.8 (Effect of Termination or Expiration), Section 7.9 (Unused Materials), Section 7.10 (Return of Materials, Tools and Equipment), Section 8 (Intellectual Property), Section 10 (Indemnification; Limitations of Liability), Section 11 (Insurance), Section 13 (Confidentiality), Section 15 (Records and Audits), Section 16 (Notices), Section 17 (Miscellaneous), or of any other provision which is expressly intended to continue in force after such termination or expiration.

 

  7.9

Unused Materials.

In the event of the expiration of this Agreement or termination of this Agreement in whole or in part (including the termination of any Facility Addendum) by Customer in accordance with Section 7.3, 7.4, 7.5 or 7.6, Customer may, at its option within ninety (90) days immediately following the effective date of the expiration or termination of this Agreement, purchase any work in process and/or Product Materials that Manufacturer has purchased exclusively for Customer in accordance with this Agreement for the production of any terminated Product. Customer shall pay Manufacturer’s direct cost for works in process, and Manufacturer’s purchase price from its suppliers for Product Materials. In the event of the termination of this Agreement by Customer in accordance with Section 7.7 or the termination of this Agreement by Manufacturer in accordance with Section 7.3, 7.4, 7.5 or 7.6, Customer shall purchase at cost all Product Materials purchased in accordance with Customer’s Purchase Orders and on reasonable reliance upon Customer’s Forecast; provided that Manufacturer uses its reasonable commercial efforts to exhaust existing stocks of such Product Materials prior to the date of

 

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termination. In the event of the termination or expiration of this Agreement for any other reason, Customer shall have no obligation to purchase any Product Materials. Any Product Materials that are not purchased or required to be purchased by Customer pursuant to this Section 7.9 shall be disposed of or destroyed in accordance with Customer’s instructions, which costs shall be borne by Manufacturer.

 

  7.10

Return of Materials, Tools and Equipment.

 

  (a)

Upon termination or expiration of this Agreement in whole or in part or, with respect to any Product, Facility or any Facility Addendum for any reason whatsoever, at Customer’s request, Manufacturer shall, as promptly as practicable given relevant circumstances, deliver to Customer in accordance with Customer’s reasonable instructions all Specifications (and copies thereof), artwork, labels, bottles, all premiums and packaging materials purchased by Customer and all Product Materials, Buy-Sell Materials, Customer-Supplied Materials, and equipment, molds, tablet press tooling or proprietary materials in Manufacturer’s possession and control that during the Term had, pursuant to this Agreement or a Facility Addendum, either (i) been provided by Customer to Manufacturer, or (ii) purchased by Manufacturer (and reimbursed by Customer), in each case, that are used and held for use exclusively for the manufacture for Customer of Product or Products impacted by such termination or expiration; provided that Manufacturer shall not be so required to deliver any materials, tools or equipment that are fixtures or fittings or any items the removal of which from the Facility using good faith diligent efforts would be reasonably likely to disrupt in any material respect, or cause damage to, the Facility or its operations or any materials, tools or equipment owned, leased or otherwise controlled by Manufacturer or any of its Affiliates or any material expense. At Customer’s request, Manufacturer shall, as promptly as reasonably practicable given relevant circumstances and in accordance with Customer’s reasonable instructions, remove all such equipment, molds and tablet press tooling from the Facility and make such equipment, molds and tooling available for pickup at the Facility by a carrier designated by Customer. All delivery, removal and transportation costs reasonably incurred in connection with this Section 7.10(a) shall be borne by Customer, except in the event Customer terminates this Agreement pursuant to Section 7.3, 7.4, 7.5 or 7.6, in which case all such reasonable costs shall be borne by Manufacturer.

 

  (b)

Any Product quarantined at the time of expiration or termination of this Agreement shall be disposed of or destroyed by Manufacturer in accordance with Customer’s instructions and at Customer’s cost; provided that, to the extent (i) such quarantine is the result of Manufacturer’s gross negligence, fraud, willful misconduct or breach of this Agreement or (ii) this Agreement is terminated in whole or in part with respect to such Product (including the termination of the applicable Facility Addendum) by Customer in accordance with Section 7.3, 7.4, 7.5 or 7.6, then Manufacturer shall be responsible for all costs incurred by Manufacturer in connection with disposing and destroying such quarantined Product.

 

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8.

Intellectual Property.

 

  8.1

Customers Intellectual Property.

Customer hereby grants to Manufacturer a non-exclusive license during the Term to use any Customer Property and Customer-Owned Improvements and Developments solely in connection with Manufacturer performing its obligations under this Agreement or the Facility Addendum in accordance with the terms hereof or thereof, as applicable. Manufacturer shall not acquire any other right, title or interest in or to the Customer Property or Customer-Owned Improvements and Developments as a result of its performance hereunder, and any and all goodwill arising from Manufacturer’s use of any Customer Property or Customer-Owned Improvements and Developments shall inure to the sole and exclusive benefit of Customer.

 

  8.2

Improvements and Developments.

 

  (a)

Each Party acknowledges and agrees that improvements or modifications to Customer Property may be made by or on behalf of Manufacturer (“Improvements”), and creative ideas, proprietary information, developments, or inventions may be developed under or in connection with this Agreement by or on behalf of Manufacturer (“Developments”), in each case either alone or in concert with Customer or Third Parties.

 

  (b)

Manufacturer acknowledges and agrees that, as between the Parties, any Improvements or Developments that are specific to and otherwise solely relate to, the manufacturing, processing or packaging of Products (such Improvements and Developments, collectively, “Customer-Owned Improvements and Developments”) shall be the exclusive property of Customer, and Customer shall own all rights, title and interest in and to such Customer-Owned Improvements and Developments. Manufacturer agrees to and hereby does irrevocably transfer, assign and convey, and shall cause its Personnel to irrevocably transfer, assign and convey, all rights, title and interest in and to each of the Customer-Owned Improvements and Developments to Customer free and clear of any encumbrances, and Manufacturer agrees to execute, and shall cause its subcontractors and Personnel to execute, all documents necessary to do so. All such assignments shall include existing or prospective Intellectual Property rights therein in any country.

 

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  (c)

Customer acknowledges and agrees that, as between the Parties, all Improvements and Developments made by or on behalf of Manufacturer in the conduct of activities under this Agreement or a Facility Addendum other than Customer-Owned Improvements and Developments (such Improvements and Developments, collectively, “Manufacturer-Owned Improvements and Developments”) shall be the exclusive property of Manufacturer, and Manufacturer shall own all rights, title and interest in and to such Manufacturer-Owned Improvements and Developments. Customer agrees to and hereby does irrevocably transfer, assign and convey, and shall cause its Personnel to irrevocably transfer, assign and convey, all rights, title and interest in and to each of the Manufacturer-Owned Improvements and Developments to Manufacturer free and clear of any encumbrances, and Customer agrees to execute, and shall cause its Personnel and subcontractors to execute, all documents necessary to do so. All such assignments shall include existing or prospective Intellectual Property rights therein in any country.

 

  8.3

Ownership of Other Property.

Unless otherwise agreed by the Parties or specified in the Separation Agreement, Customer is the sole owner of any and all tools, specifications, blueprints and designs directly owned and supplied or paid for by Customer (i.e., not any materials that are included in the Price of Product), and Manufacturer shall not use, transfer, loan or publicize any of the above, except as necessary for its performance under this Agreement.

 

  8.4

Limited Right to Use.

Subject to the provisions of Section 8.1, nothing set forth in this Agreement shall be construed to grant to Manufacturer any title, right or interest in or to any Intellectual Property controlled by Customer or any of its Affiliates. Use by Manufacturer of any such Intellectual Property shall be limited exclusively to its performance of this Agreement.

 

9.

Joint Advisory Committee