Amendment No. 1 to Form 10

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 6, 2020.

File No. 000-56114

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Amendment No. 1

to

FORM 10

 

 

GENERAL FORM FOR REGISTRATION OF SECURITIES

Pursuant to Section 12(b) or (g)

of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

UPJOHN INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   83-4364296

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. employer

identification number)

235 East 42nd Street

New York, NY 10017

  10017
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip code)

(212) 733-2323

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

Securities to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Title of Each Class to be Registered

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer      Smaller reporting company  
     Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

 

 

 


INFORMATION REQUIRED IN REGISTRATION STATEMENT

CROSS-REFERENCE SHEET BETWEEN INFORMATION STATEMENT AND ITEMS OF FORM 10

This Registration Statement on Form 10 (the “Form 10”) incorporates by reference information contained in (a) the information statement of Upjohn Inc. filed herewith as Exhibit 99.1, referred to herein as the information statement, (b) the Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A of Pfizer Inc. to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.2, referred to herein as the Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Statement (c) the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Mylan N.V. to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.3, referred to herein as the Original Form 10-K, (d) the Amendment No. 1 to the Original Form 10-K to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.4, referred to herein as the Form 10-K/A, and the Original Form 10-K as amended by the Form 10-K/A, is referred to herein as the Form 10-K, (e) the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Mylan N.V. to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.5, referred to herein as the Form 10-Q and (f) the Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A of Mylan N.V. to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.6, referred to herein as the Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement. None of the information contained in the information statement, Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Statement, Form 10-K, Form 10-Q or Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement is incorporated by reference herein or shall be deemed to be a part hereof except to the extent such information is specifically incorporated by reference.

 

Item 1.

Business.

The information required by this item is contained under the sections “Summary—The Companies,” “Risk Factors,” “Information about the Upjohn Business” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Upjohn Business” of the information statement and Part I–Item 1 of the Form 10-K. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Risk Factors” of the information statement, Part I–Item 1A of the Form 10-K and Part II–Item 1A of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 2.

Financial Information.

The information required by this item is contained under the sections “Summary Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Selected Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Summary Historical Condensed Consolidated Financial Information of Mylan,” “Summary Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Upjohn Business,” “Selected Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business” and “Description of Financing” of the information statement, Part II–Item 7 and Part II–Item 7A of the Form 10-K and Part I–Item 2 of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 3.

Properties.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Information about the Upjohn Business” of the information statement and Part I–Item 1 and Part I–Item 2 of the Form 10-K. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 4.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management.

Not applicable.

 

Item 5.

Directors and Executive Officers.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “The Transactions—Board of Directors and Executive Officers of Newco Following the Combination; Operations Following the Combination” of the

 

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information statement, Part III–Item 10 of the Form 10-K/A and the sections “Executive Officers,” “Governance—Our Directors” and “Governance—Board Information” of the Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 6.

Executive Compensation.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “The Transactions—Director and Executive Compensation” of the information statement, the section “Executive Compensation” in the Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Statement, Part III–Item 11 of the Form 10-K/A and the sections “Executive Compensation” and “Governance—Non-Employee Director Compensation for 2018” of the Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 7.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions” of the information statement, Part III–Item 13 of the Form 10-K/A and the section “Governance—Certain Relationships and Related Transactions” of the Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 8.

Legal Proceedings.

The information required by this item is contained under the sections “Risk Factors” and “Information about the Upjohn Business—Legal Proceedings” of the information statement, Part I–Item 3 of the Form 10-K and Part II–Item 1 of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 9.

Market Price of, and Dividends on, the Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters.

The information required by this item is contained under the sections “Risk Factors,” “Summary Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Selected Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Summary Historical Condensed Consolidated Financial Information of Mylan,” “Summary Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information” and “Historical Market Price and Dividend Information of Mylan Ordinary Shares” of the information statement and Part II–Item 5 of the Form 10-K. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 10.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities.

On February 14, 2019, Upjohn Inc. (“Upjohn”) issued 100 shares of its common stock to Pfizer Inc. pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Upjohn did not register the issuance of the issued shares under the Securities Act because such issuance did not constitute a public offering.

 

Item 11.

Description of Registrant’s Securities to be Registered.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Description of Newco Capital Stock” of the information statement. That section is incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 12.

Indemnification of Directors and Officers.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Description of Newco Capital Stock—Limitations on Liability and Indemnification of Officers and Directors after the Combination” of the information statement. That section is incorporated herein by reference.

 

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Item 13.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

The information required by this item is contained under the heading “Index—Financial Statements” (and the statements referenced thereon) beginning on page F–1 of the information statement, Part II–Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Part I–Item 1 of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 14.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

None.

 

Item 15.

Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(a) Financial Statements and Schedule

The information required by this item is contained under the heading “Index—Financial Statements” (and the statements referenced thereon) beginning on page F–1 of the information statement, Part II–Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Part I–Item 1 of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

(b) Exhibits

The following documents are filed herewith unless otherwise indicated:

 

Exhibit
Number

  

Description

  2.1    Business Combination Agreement, dated as of July  29, 2019, by and among Pfizer Inc., Upjohn Inc., Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., Mylan N.V., Mylan I B.V. and Mylan II B.V. (included as Annex A to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
  2.2    Separation and Distribution Agreement, dated as of July  29, 2019, by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc. (included as Annex B to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
  2.3*    Form of Transition Services Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.4*    Form of Tax Matters Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.5*    Form of Employee Matters Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.6*    Form of Manufacturing and Supply Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.7*    Form of Intellectual Property Matters Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.8*    Form of Trademark License Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  3.1    Form of Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Upjohn Inc. (included as Annex C to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
  3.2    Form of Amended and Restated Bylaws of Upjohn Inc. (included as Annex D to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
10.1    Form of Viatris Inc. 2020 Stock Incentive Plan.
21.1*    Subsidiaries of Upjohn Inc.
99.1    Information Statement of Upjohn Inc., preliminary and subject to completion, dated February 6, 2020.
99.2    Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule  14A of Pfizer Inc. for the 2019 Annual Meeting of Shareholders. (Incorporated by reference to Schedule 14A of Pfizer Inc., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 14, 2019).
99.3    Annual Report on Form 10-K of Mylan N.V. for the fiscal year ended December  31, 2018, not including exhibits thereto. (Incorporated by reference to Annual Report on Form 10-K of Mylan N.V., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 27, 2019).

 

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Exhibit
Number

  

Description

99.4    Amendment No.  1 to Annual Report on Form 10-K of Mylan N.V. for the fiscal year ended December  31, 2018, not including exhibits thereto (incorporated by reference to Annual Report on Form 10-K/A of Mylan N.V., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 30, 2019).
99.5    Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Mylan N.V. for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2019, not including exhibits thereto (incorporated by reference to Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Mylan N.V., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 5, 2019).
99.6    Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A of Mylan N.V. for the 2019 annual general meeting of shareholders (incorporated by reference to Schedule 14A of Mylan N.V., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 24, 2019).

 

*

Previously filed

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

UPJOHN INC.
By:  

/s/ Michael Goettler

 

Name:  Michael Goettler

Title:    President

Date: February 6, 2020

EX-10.1

Exhibit 10.1

Viatris Inc. 2020 Stock Incentive Plan

Section 1. Purpose. The purpose of the Viatris Inc. 2020 Stock Incentive Plan (the “Plan”) is to incentivize employees, non-employee Directors and other service providers of the Company and its Affiliates by making available to them the benefits of equity-based and other incentive awards, as the Company believes that these incentives assist in the recruitment and retention of employees, non-employee Directors and other service providers and stimulate the efforts of these service providers towards the success of the Company and its Affiliates.

Section 2. Definitions. As used in the Plan, the following terms shall have the meanings set forth below:

(a) “Affiliate” shall mean (i) any Person that directly, or through one or more intermediaries, controls, or is controlled by, or is under common control with, the Company or (ii) any entity in which the Company has a significant equity interest, as determined by the Committee. Except as limited by Section 5 of the Plan, the employees, non-employee Directors and other Service Providers of such entity or Person described in (i) or (ii) above are eligible to participate in the Plan, as determined by the Committee.

(b) “Award” shall mean any Option, Stock Appreciation Right, Restricted Stock Award, Restricted Stock Unit, Performance Award, Performance Share Award, Performance Cash Award, Total Shareholder Return Unit or Other Stock Unit Award, or Dividend Equivalents or Dividend Equivalent Units with respect to any of the foregoing, if applicable, or any other right, interest or option relating to Shares issued and delivered pursuant to the provisions of the Plan.

(c) “Award Agreement” shall mean any written or electronic agreement, contract or other instrument or document evidencing any Award granted by the Committee hereunder, which in the sole and absolute discretion of the Committee may, but need not, be signed or acknowledged by the Company or the Participant.

(d) “Board” shall mean the Company’s Board of Directors.

(e) “BCA” shall mean the Business Combination Agreement by and among Pfizer Inc., the Company, Mylan N.V. and the other parties thereto, as amended.

(f) “Cause” shall mean, unless otherwise set forth in an applicable award agreement, (i) a willful breach of duty in the course of service or employment or (ii) commission of an act that constitutes a felony (other than a traffic-related offense) under the laws of the United States or any state thereof or any similar criminal act in a jurisdiction outside the United States. No act or failure to act shall be deemed “willful” unless done, or omitted to be done, not in good faith and without reasonable belief that the action or omission was in the best interest of the Company and its Affiliates; provided, however, that to the extent a Participant is also eligible to receive benefits pursuant to any plan or individual agreement of or with the Company or an Affiliate that provides for separation or severance benefits upon a termination without “cause,” the definition of “cause” in such other plan or agreement shall apply.


(g) “Change in Control” shall mean the consummation of any of the following events:

(i) at any time during the initial twelve-month period following the Effective Date and each successive twelve-month period thereafter, at least a majority of the Board shall cease to consist of “Continuing Directors” (meaning directors of the Company who either were directors as of the Effective Date, or who subsequently became directors and whose election, or nomination for election by the Company’s stockholders, was approved by a majority of the then Continuing Directors, provided that any director whose initial assumption of office is in connection with an actual or threatened election contest, including but not limited to a consent solicitation, relating to the election of directors of the Company shall not qualify as a “Continuing Director”);

(ii) any “person” or “group” (as determined for purposes of Section 13(d)(3) of the Exchange Act, except any majority-owned subsidiary of the Company or any employee benefit plan of the Company or any trust thereunder), shall have acquired “beneficial ownership” (as determined for purposes of Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Regulation 13d-3) of Shares having 30% or more of the voting power of all outstanding Shares, unless such acquisition is approved by a majority of the directors of the Company in office immediately preceding such acquisition;

(iii) the consummation of (A) a merger, consolidation, statutory share exchange or similar form of corporate transaction involving (x) the Company or (y) any of its Subsidiaries, but in the case of this clause (y) only if Company Voting Securities (as defined below) are issued or issuable (each of the events referred to in this clause (A) being hereinafter referred to as a “Reorganization”) or (B) the sale or other disposition of all or substantially all the assets of the Company to an entity that is not an Affiliate (a “Sale”), unless, immediately following such Reorganization or Sale, (1) all or substantially all the “beneficial owners” (as used in SEC Regulation 13d-3 (or a successor rule thereto)) of the securities eligible to vote for the election of the Board (“Company Voting Securities”) outstanding immediately prior to the consummation of such Reorganization or Sale continue to beneficially own, directly or indirectly, more than 50% of the combined voting power of the then outstanding voting securities of the corporation or other entity resulting from such Reorganization or Sale (including a corporation or other entity that, as a result of such transaction, owns the Company or all or substantially all the Company’s assets either directly or through one or more subsidiaries) (the “Continuing Company”) in substantially the same proportions as their ownership, immediately prior to the consummation of such Reorganization or Sale, of the outstanding Company Voting Securities (excluding, for such purposes, any outstanding voting securities of the Continuing Company that such beneficial owners hold immediately following the consummation of the Reorganization or Sale as a result of their ownership prior to such consummation of voting securities of any corporation or other entity

 

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involved in or forming part of such Reorganization or Sale other than the Company), (2) no “person” or “group” (as determined for purposes of Section 13(d)(3) of the Exchange Act) (excluding any employee benefit plan (or related trust) sponsored or maintained by the Continuing Company or any entity controlled by the Continuing Company) beneficially owns, directly or indirectly, 30% or more of the combined voting power of the then outstanding voting securities of the Continuing Company and (3) at least a majority of the members of the board of directors of the Continuing Company are Continuing Directors; or

(iv) approval by the stockholders of the Company of the complete liquidation of the Company.

(h) “Code” shall mean the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time, and any successor thereto.

(i) “Committee” shall mean the Compensation Committee of the Board or such other persons or committee to whom it has delegated any authority, as may be appropriate.

(j) “Company” shall mean Viatris Inc., a Delaware corporation.

(k) “Director” or “Non-Employee Director” shall mean a member of the Board.

(l) “Dividend Equivalents” are equal to the dividends with respect to a Share of Company stock underlying an Award. Dividends and Dividend Equivalents that can be earned with respect to an Award may be accumulated, but shall only become payable if and to the extent the underlying Award is vested, and shall be subject to the same restrictions and risk of forfeiture as the underlying Award.

(m) “Dividend Equivalent Units” (“DEUs”) are a credit to an individual’s Award equivalent to the amount of dividends that would be paid on the same number of actual Shares underlying such Award. “DEUs” are “reinvested” and become additional Awards. Dividends and DEUs that can be earned with respect to an Award may be accumulated, but shall only become payable if and to the extent the underlying Award is vested, and shall be subject to the same restrictions and risk of forfeiture as the underlying Award.

(n) “Effective Date” shall mean the date of the Distribution as defined in the BCA.

(o) “Employee” shall mean any employee of the Company or any Affiliate.

(p) “Exchange Act” shall mean the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

(q) “Fair Market Value” shall mean, with respect to Shares, as of any date, the closing price for the Shares as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market (or such other national exchange on which the Company maintains its primary listing at such time) for that date or, if no such price is reported for that date,

 

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the closing price on the next preceding date for which such price was reported, unless otherwise determined by the Committee. For purposes of achieving an exemption from Section 409A in the case of affected Participants governed by Section 409A, Fair Market Value of the Shares shall be determined in a manner consistent with Section 409A and any applicable regulations.

(r) “Grant Date” shall mean the date on which an Award is granted.

(s) “Incentive Stock Option” shall mean an Option granted under Section 6 that is intended to meet the requirements of Section 422 of the Code or any successor provision thereto.

(t) “Key Employee” shall mean an Employee treated as a “specified employee” as of his or her Separation from Service under Section 409A of the Code. Key Employees shall be determined under rules adopted by the Company in accordance with Section 409A. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Committee may, under the alternative permissible methods allowable under Section 409A, adopt an alternative identification and effective date for purposes of determining which employees are Key Employees.

(u) “Nonqualified Stock Option” shall mean either an Option granted under Section 6 that is not intended to be an Incentive Stock Option or an Incentive Stock Option that has been disqualified.

(v) “Option” shall mean any right granted to a Participant under the Plan allowing such Participant to purchase Shares at such price or prices and during such period or periods as the Committee shall determine.

(w) “Other Stock Unit Award” shall mean any right granted to a Participant by the Committee pursuant to Section 10.

(x) “Participant” shall mean an Employee, Non-Employee Director or other Service Provider who is selected by the Committee, the Board or their authorized designees from time to time in their sole discretion to receive an Award under the Plan.

(y) “Performance Award” shall mean any Award (which shall include Performance Shares or Performance Cash) granted pursuant to Section 9, containing performance goals to be achieved as established by the Committee.

(z) “Performance Cash” shall mean any grant pursuant to Section 9 of a cash-denominated award, which value may be paid to the Participant by delivery of such property as the Committee shall determine, including, without limitation, cash, Shares, other property, or any combination thereof, upon achievement of such performance goals during the Performance Period established by the Committee with respect to such grant.

(aa) “Performance Period” shall mean a period, as established by the Committee at the time any Performance Award is granted or at any time thereafter, during which any performance goals specified by the Committee with respect to such Award are to be measured.

 

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(bb) “Performance Share Award” or “PSA” shall mean an award of a Performance Share Units under Section 9.

(cc) “Performance Share Units” shall mean any grant pursuant to Section 9 of a unit valued by reference to a designated number of Shares, which value may be paid to the Participant by delivery of such property as the Committee shall determine, including, without limitation, cash, Shares, other property, or any combination thereof, upon achievement of such performance goals during the Performance Period established by the Committee with respect to such grant.

(dd) “Person” shall mean any individual, corporation, partnership, association, limited liability company, joint-stock company, trust, unincorporated organization or government or political subdivision thereof.

(ee) “Restricted Stock” shall mean any Share issued pursuant to Section 8 with the restriction that the holder may not sell, transfer, pledge or assign such Share and with such other restrictions as the Committee, in its sole and absolute discretion, may impose (including, without limitation, any restriction on the right to vote such Share, and the right to receive any cash dividends subject to the requirements of Section 2(l) of the Plan), which restrictions may lapse separately or in combination at such time or times, in installments or otherwise, as the Committee may deem appropriate.

(ff) “Restricted Stock Award” shall mean an award of Restricted Stock under Section 8.

(gg) “Restricted Stock Unit” or “RSU” shall mean any unit issued pursuant to Section 8 representing a Share with such restrictions as the Committee, in its sole and absolute discretion, may impose, which restrictions may lapse separately or in combination at such time or times, in installments or otherwise, as the Committee may deem appropriate, and which shall have the right to receive DEUs subject to the requirements of Section 2(m) of the Plan as determined by the Committee.

(hh) “Restricted Stock Unit Award” shall mean an award of Restricted Stock Units under Section 8.

(ii) “Restriction Period” shall mean the period of time as specified by the Committee, before Restricted Shares, Restricted Stock Units or Other Stock Unit Awards become non-forfeitable and issuable to a Participant within the meaning of Sections 8 and 10.

(jj) “Section 409A” shall mean Section 409A of the Code and the regulations and other guidance issued thereunder by the U.S. Department of the Treasury or Internal Revenue Service.

(kk) “Separation from Service” shall mean a “separation from service” within the meaning of Section 409A.

(ll) “Service Provider” shall mean a consultant or advisor within the meaning of Form S-8 promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

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(mm) “Shares” shall mean the shares of common stock of the Company.

(nn) “Stock Appreciation Right” shall mean any right granted to a Participant pursuant to Section 7 to receive, upon exercise by the Participant, the excess of (i) the Fair Market Value of one Share on the date of exercise over (ii) the grant price of the right on the Grant Date, or if granted in connection with an outstanding Option on the Grant Date of the related Option, as specified by the Committee in its sole and absolute discretion, which, except in connection with an adjustment provided in Section 4(d), shall not be less than the Fair Market Value of one Share on such Grant Date of the right or the related Option, as the case may be. Any payment by the Company in respect of such right may be made in cash, Shares, other property, or any combination thereof, as the Committee, in its sole and absolute discretion, shall determine.

(oo) “Substitute Awards” shall mean Awards granted or Shares issued by the Company in assumption of, or in substitution, replacement or exchange for, awards previously granted, or the right or obligation to make future awards, by a company acquired by the Company or an Affiliate (or ultimate parent of such company) or with which the Company or an Affiliate combines.

(pp) “Total and Permanent Disability” shall mean total and permanent disability as determined in accordance with rules established by the Committee and in compliance with Section 409A.

(qq) “Total Shareholder Return Unit” or “TSRU” shall mean any right granted to a Participant pursuant to Section 7 to receive the excess of (i) the Fair Market Value of one Share on the date of the settlement pursuant to the terms of the grant, over (ii) the grant price of the right on the Grant Date, as specified by the Committee in its sole and absolute discretion, which, except in connection with an adjustment provided in Section 4(d), shall not be less than the Fair Market Value of one Share on such Grant Date of the right. Such Total Shareholder Return Unit may or may not accumulate Dividend Equivalents, at the Committee’s discretion. Any payment by the Company in respect of such right may be made in cash or Shares as the Committee, in its sole and absolute discretion, shall determine. Except with respect to the right to exercise and the accumulation of Dividend Equivalents, for all purposes of this Plan, TSRUs shall be treated the same as Stock Appreciation Rights.

(rr) “Total Shareholder Return Unit Award” shall mean an award of Total Shareholder Return Units under Section 7.

Section 3. Administration.

(a) The Plan shall be administered by the Committee. The Committee shall have full power and authority, subject to such orders or resolutions not inconsistent with the provisions of the Plan as may from time to time be adopted by the Board, to (i) select the Employees, Non-Employee Directors or other Service Providers of the Company and its Affiliates to whom Awards may from time to time be granted hereunder; (ii) determine the type or types of Award to be granted to each Participant hereunder; (iii) determine the number of Shares to be covered by or relating to each Award granted hereunder; (iv) determine the vesting, exercisability,

 

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transferability, and payment of Awards, including the authority to accelerate the vesting of Awards; (v) determine the terms and conditions, not inconsistent with the provisions of the Plan, of any Award granted hereunder; (vi) determine whether, to what extent and under what circumstances Awards may be settled in cash, Shares or other property or cancelled or suspended, consistent with the terms of the Plan; (vii) determine whether, to what extent, and under what circumstances shares or cash paid to or gain realized by the Participant based on an Award shall be returned to the Company, consistent with the terms of the Plan; (viii) determine whether, to what extent, and under what circumstances a Participant may be ineligible to retain an Award; (ix) determine whether, to what extent, and under what circumstances payment of cash, Shares, other property and other amounts payable with respect to an Award made under the Plan shall be deferred either automatically or at the election of the Participant, consistent with the terms of the Plan; (x) interpret and administer the Plan and any instrument or agreement entered into under the Plan; (xi) establish such rules, regulations and sub-plans and appoint such agents as it shall deem appropriate for the proper administration of the Plan; and (xii) make any other determination and take any other action that the Committee deems necessary or desirable for administration of the Plan. The Committee may, in its sole and absolute discretion, and subject to the provisions of the Plan, from time to time delegate any or all of its authority to administer the Plan to any other persons or committee as it deems necessary or appropriate for the proper administration of the Plan; provided, however, that in no event shall an employee of the Company be delegated the authority to grant Awards to, or amend Awards held by, individuals who are subject to Section 16 of the Exchange Act; provided further, that any delegation of administrative authority shall only be permitted to the extent it is permissible under applicable securities laws or the rules of any securities exchange or automated quotation system on which the Shares are listed, quoted or traded. Any delegation hereunder shall be subject to the restrictions and limits that the Board or Committee specifies at the time of such delegation. At all times, the delegate appointed under this Section 3 shall serve in such capacity as deemed necessary or desirable by the Committee, in its sole and absolute discretion. The decisions of the Committee shall be final, conclusive and binding with respect to the interpretation and administration of the Plan and any grants made hereunder. The Committee shall make, in its sole and absolute discretion, all determinations arising in the administration, construction or interpretation of the Plan and Awards under the Plan, including the right to construe disputed or doubtful Plan or Award terms and provisions, and any such determination shall be conclusive and binding on all Persons.

(b) The Committee shall be authorized to make adjustments in performance criteria or in the terms and conditions of other Awards in recognition of unusual or nonrecurring events affecting the Company or its financial statements or changes in applicable laws, regulations or accounting principles or as otherwise provided in Section 12. The Committee may correct any defect, supply any omission or reconcile any inconsistency in the Plan or any Award in the manner and to the extent it shall deem desirable to carry it into effect. In the event that the Company shall assume outstanding employee benefit awards or the right or obligation to grant future awards in connection with the acquisition of or combination with another corporation or business entity, the Committee may, in its sole and absolute discretion, make such adjustments in the terms of Awards under the Plan as it shall deem appropriate. The Committee, in its sole and absolute discretion, may, consistent with

 

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the Plan, design any Award to satisfy specific requirements of obtaining a tax, regulatory or accounting benefit or to avoid any adverse tax, regulatory or accounting result; provided, however, that the Company makes no representation that any Award will satisfy any such particular requirement or achieve any particular result, does not covenant to maintain any particular tax, regulatory or accounting status, and the failure of any Award to satisfy any such requirement or achieve a particular result shall not create any liability to any Participant or beneficiary. The Committee and each member thereof, shall be indemnified and held harmless to the fullest extent permitted by law for any and all actions taken pursuant to, and in accordance with, the terms of the Plan.

Section 4. Shares Subject to the Plan.

(a) Subject to adjustment as provided in Section 4(c) and Section 4(d), seventy-two million five hundred thousand (72,500,000) Shares, shall be authorized for grant pursuant to Awards under the Plan (the “Share Limit”), plus any shares underlying awards assumed, substituted or replaced by the Company in connection with the transactions contemplated by the BCA, provided that no more than the number of Shares equal to the Share Limit may be granted as Incentive Stock Options. No Participant under this Plan shall be granted Options, TSRUs, Stock Appreciation Rights or other Awards in any consecutive 36-month period covering more than seven million five hundred thousand (7,500,000) Shares. No Participant under this Plan shall be paid a Performance Cash Award in any calendar year in an amount in excess of fifteen million dollars ($15,000,000). Any Shares issued hereunder may consist, in whole or in part, of authorized and unissued Shares, treasury Shares or Shares purchased in the open market or otherwise.

(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan to the contrary, any Awards granted under the Plan (excluding, for this purpose, any (i) Substitute Awards, (ii) Shares delivered in lieu of fully vested cash-denominated Awards and (iii) Awards to Non-Employee Directors that vest on the earlier of the one year anniversary of the date of grant or the next annual meeting of stockholders which is at least 50 weeks after the immediately preceding year’s annual meeting) shall be granted subject to a minimum vesting period of at least twelve (12) months, such that no such Awards shall vest prior to the first anniversary of the applicable grant date (subject to any accelerated vesting otherwise permitted by the terms of the Plan); provided, that, the Committee may grant any such Awards without regard to the foregoing minimum vesting requirement (i) with respect to a maximum of five (5) percent of the shares of Common Stock reserved for issuance under the Plan pursuant to Section 4(a) hereof (subject to adjustment under Section 4(c)) and (ii) on an ad hoc basis in order to achieve a specified business objective, such as an inducement to a new hire or a retention award to a key employee or group of key employees.

(c) In the event of any merger, reorganization, consolidation, recapitalization, stock dividend, extraordinary cash dividend, stock split, reverse stock split, spin-off, split-off or similar transaction or other change in corporate structure affecting the Shares, such adjustments and other substitutions shall be made to the Plan and to Awards as the Committee, in its sole and absolute discretion, deems equitable or appropriate, including, without limitation, such adjustments in the aggregate number, class and kind of securities that may be delivered under the Plan,

 

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in the aggregate or to any one Participant, in the number, class, kind and option or exercise price of securities or other property subject to outstanding Awards granted under the Plan (including, if the Committee deems appropriate, the substitution of similar options to purchase the shares of, or other awards denominated in the shares of, another company) as the Committee may determine to be appropriate, in its sole and absolute discretion; provided, however, that the number of Shares subject to any Award shall always be a whole number and further provided that in no event may any change be made to an Incentive Stock Option which would constitute a modification within the meaning of Section 424(h)(3) of the Code. Moreover, notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, an adjustment to an Award under this Section 4(c) may not be made in a manner that would result in the grant of a new Option, TSRU or Stock Appreciation Right under Section 409A, unless the Committee specifically determines that such adjustment is desirable and will not cause the modified award to create adverse tax consequences under Section 409A.

(d) Any Shares subject to Awards, or Awards assumed, substituted or replaced by the Company in connection with the transactions contemplated by the BCA, that terminate, expire, or are forfeited, cancelled or settled in cash, either in whole or in part, shall be added to the Shares available for Awards under the Plan to the extent of such termination, forfeiture, cancellation or settlement. Any Shares that again become available for future grants pursuant to the preceding sentence shall be added back as one (1) Share; provided, however, that such Shares shall not be granted as Incentive Stock Options. In addition, in the case of any Substitute Award, Shares delivered or deliverable in connection with such assumed or Substitute Award shall not reduce the number of Shares authorized for grant in Section 4(a) above, and Shares subject to a Substitute Award shall not be added to the Shares available for Awards under the Plan. Additionally, in the event that a company acquired by the Company or any Affiliate or with which the Company or any Affiliate combines has shares available under a pre-existing plan approved by stockholders and not adopted in contemplation of such acquisition or combination, the shares available for grant pursuant to the terms of such pre-existing plan (as adjusted, to the extent appropriate, using the exchange ratio or other adjustment or valuation ratio or formula used in such acquisition or combination to determine the consideration payable to the holders of common stock of the entities party to such acquisition or combination) may be used for Awards under the Plan and shall not reduce the Shares authorized for grant under the Plan (and Shares subject to such Awards shall not be added to the Shares available for Awards under the Plan); provided that Awards using such available shares shall not be made after the date awards or grants could have been made under the terms of the pre-existing plan, absent the acquisition or combination, and shall only be made to individuals who were not Employees or Directors of the Company prior to such acquisition or combination. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Shares subject to an Award under the Plan may not again be made available for issuance or delivery under the Plan if such Shares are (i) Shares that were subject to a stock-settled Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU and were not issued upon the net settlement or net exercise thereof; (ii) Shares delivered to or withheld by the Company to pay the exercise price of an Option; (iii) Shares delivered to or withheld by the Company to pay the withholding taxes relating to an Award; (iv) Shares withheld by the Company in connection with the net settlement of an Award; or (v) Shares repurchased on the open market with the proceeds of an Option exercise.

 

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Section 5. Eligibility. Any Employee, Non-Employee Director or other Service Provider shall be eligible to be selected as a Participant; provided, however, that Incentive Stock Options shall only be awarded to Employees of the Company, or a parent or Affiliate, within the meaning of Section 422 of the Code. Notwithstanding any provision in this Plan to the contrary, the Non-Employee Directors, including a designated committee of the Board composed solely of Non-Employee Directors, shall have the authority, in their sole and absolute discretion, to select Non-Employee Directors as Participants who are eligible to receive Awards other than Incentive Stock Options under the Plan. The Non-Employee Directors shall set the terms of any such Awards in their sole and absolute discretion, and the Non-Employee Directors shall be responsible for administering and construing such Awards in substantially the same manner that the Committee administers and construes Awards to Employees; provided, however, that no Non-Employee Directors shall be granted Awards and / or paid a cash retainer in any calendar year under this Plan or any other arrangement with the Company for service in such capacity having an aggregate value of more than seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars ($750,000). Any compensation that is deferred shall be counted toward this limit for the year in which it was first earned, and not when paid or settled if later.

Section 6. Stock Options. Options may be granted hereunder to any Participant; either alone or in addition to other Awards granted under the Plan and shall be subject to the following terms and conditions:

(a) Option Price. Other than in connection with Substitute Awards, the exercise price per Share shall be not less than the Fair Market Value of the Shares on the date the Option is granted.

(b) Number of Shares. The Option shall state the number of Shares covered thereby.

(c) Exercise of Option. Unless otherwise determined by the Committee, an Option will be deemed exercised by the optionee, or in the event of death, an Option shall be deemed exercised by the estate of the optionee, or by a person who acquired the right to exercise such Option by bequest or inheritance or by reason of the death of the optionee, or in the event of the optionee’s Total and Permanent Disability, an Option shall be deemed exercised by a person having a legally binding power of attorney for the optionee, in each case upon delivery of (i) a notice of exercise to the Company or its representative, or by using other methods of notice as the Committee shall adopt, and (ii) accompanying payment of the exercise price or other methods of satisfying the exercise price as approved by the Committee and in accordance with any restrictions as the Committee shall adopt. The notice of exercise, once delivered, shall be irrevocable. Notwithstanding the above, and unless the Committee determines otherwise, in the event that the Option is not exercised by the last day on which it is exercisable, and the exercise price per Share is below the Fair Market Value of a Share on such date in an amount determined by the Committee or its delegate, the Option shall be deemed exercised on such date, with a spread equal to the Fair Market Value of the Shares on such date minus the exercise price, and the resulting proceeds net of the exercise price, any required tax withholding (subject to Section 15(j)) and any applicable costs shall be paid to the optionee or the optionee’s legal representative. In no event may any Option granted hereunder be exercised for a fraction of a Share.

 

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(d) Term of Option. The Committee shall determine the term of each Option, except that the period for Incentive Stock Options shall not exceed ten (10) years from the Grant Date. A Nonqualified Stock Option may be exercisable for a period of up to ten (10) years so as to conform with or take advantage of governmental requirements, statutes or regulations, but in no event longer than the Option’s term.

(e) Termination of Option. All Options shall terminate upon their expiration, their surrender, upon breach by the optionee of any provisions of the Option, or in accordance with any other rules and procedures incorporated into the terms and conditions governing the Options as the Committee shall deem advisable or appropriate.

(f) Termination of Employment. Except as otherwise set forth in the Plan, the terms relating to the treatment of an outstanding Option in the event of the Participant’s termination of employment shall be determined by the Committee at the time of grant and shall be set forth in the applicable Award Agreement.

(g) Incorporation by Reference. The Option shall contain a provision that all the applicable terms and conditions of this Plan are incorporated by reference therein.

(h) Other Provisions. The Option shall also be subject to such other terms and conditions as the Committee shall deem advisable or appropriate, consistent with the provisions of the Plan as herein set forth. In addition, Incentive Stock Options shall contain such other provisions as may be necessary to meet the requirements of the Code and the Treasury Department rulings and regulations issued thereunder with respect to Incentive Stock Options.

(i) Exemption from Section 409A. It is intended that all Options granted under this Plan will be exempt from Section 409A. Nevertheless, the Company does not represent, covenant or guarantee that any particular Award made under the Plan will qualify for favorable tax treatment (e.g., as an Incentive Stock Option) or will avoid unfavorable tax consequences to the Participant (e.g., Section 409A penalties).

Section 7. Stock Appreciation Rights and Total Shareholder Return Units.

(a) Grant of a Stock Appreciation Right or Total Shareholder Return Unit (TSRU). Stock Appreciation Rights or TSRUs may be granted hereunder to any Participant, either alone (“freestanding”) or in addition to other Awards granted under the Plan and may, but need not, relate to a specific Option granted under Section 6. The provisions of Stock Appreciation Rights or TSRUs need not be the same with respect to each recipient. Any Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU related to a Nonqualified Stock Option may be granted at the same time such Option is granted or at any time thereafter before exercise or expiration of such Option. Any Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU related to an Incentive Stock Option must be

 

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granted at the same time such Option is granted. In the case of any Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU related to any Option, the Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU or applicable portion thereof shall terminate and no longer be exercisable upon the termination or exercise of the related Option, except that a Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU granted with respect to less than the full number of Shares covered by a related Option shall not be reduced until the exercise or termination of the related Option exceeds the number of Shares not covered by the Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU. Any Option related to any Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU shall no longer be exercisable to the extent the related Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU has been exercised or settled, as applicable.

(b) Terms. The Committee may impose such terms and conditions or restrictions on the exercise of any Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU, as it shall deem advisable or appropriate; provided that a Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU shall not: (i) have an exercise price less than Fair Market Value of a Share on the Grant Date other than in connection with Substitute Awards; or (ii) a term of greater than ten (10) years. Notwithstanding the above, and unless the Committee determines otherwise, in the event that the Stock Appreciation Right is not exercised or settled by the last day on which it is exercisable, and the exercise price per share of such Stock Appreciation Right is below the Fair Market Value of a Share on such date in an amount to be determined by the Committee or its delegate, the Stock Appreciation Right shall be deemed exercised on such date, with a spread equal to the Fair Market Value of the Shares on such date minus the exercise price, and the resulting proceeds net of any required tax withholding (subject to Section 15(j)) and any applicable costs shall be paid to the Participant or the Participant’s legal representative.

(c) Termination of Employment. Except as otherwise set forth in the Plan, the terms relating to the treatment of an outstanding Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU in the event of the Participant’s termination of employment shall be determined by the Committee at the time of grant and shall be set forth in the applicable Award Agreement.

(d) Section 409A. Stock Appreciation Rights or TSRUs may be granted hereunder by the Committee either (i) in a manner consistent with Section 409A such that the Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU will not provide for a deferral of compensation under Section 409A, or (ii) in a manner that is intended from grant to subject the Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU to Section 409A. In the event Stock Appreciation Rights or TSRUs are granted to be so subject to Section 409A, then the Stock Appreciation Right or TSRU shall be settled and paid in a single lump sum (i) as of a specified date, (ii) upon the Participant’s Separation from Service, or (iii) the earlier of (i) or (ii) hereof, as specified and set forth by the Committee in an Award Agreement at the time of grant, and shall otherwise be granted, administered, settled and paid in accordance with Section 409A. Notwithstanding the foregoing, to the extent necessary to avoid the imposition of taxes under Section 409A, any such settlement and payment may not be made to a Key Employee upon a Separation from Service before the date which is 6 months after the date of the Key Employee’s Separation from Service (or, if earlier, the date of death of the Key Employee).

 

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Section 8. Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Units.

(a) Grant of Restricted Stock or Restricted Stock Unit. A Restricted Stock Award or Restricted Stock Unit Award shall be subject to restrictions imposed by the Committee at the time of grant for the Restriction Period. Restricted Stock Awards or Restricted Stock Unit Awards may be issued hereunder to Participants for no cash consideration or for such minimum consideration as may be required by applicable law, either alone or in addition to other Awards granted under the Plan. Any Award of Restricted Stock or a Restricted Stock Unit shall also be subject to such other terms and conditions as the Committee shall deem advisable or appropriate, consistent with the provisions of the Plan as herein set forth. Unless otherwise provided in the Award Agreement, beginning on the date of grant of the Restricted Stock Award, the Participant shall become a stockholder of the Company with respect to all Shares subject to the Award Agreement and shall have all of the rights of a stockholder, including the right to vote such Shares and the right to receive distributions made with respect to such Shares, except as otherwise provided in this Plan. A Participant who holds a Restricted Stock Unit Award shall only have those rights specifically provided for in the Award Agreement; provided, however, in no event shall the Participant have voting rights with respect to such Award. Dividend Equivalents and DEUs can be earned with respect to the Restricted Stock Unit Awards at the discretion of the Committee. Dividends, Dividend Equivalents or DEUs that can be earned on Restricted Stock Awards or Restricted Stock Unit Awards, as applicable, may be accumulated, but shall only become payable if and to the extent the underlying Restricted Stock or Restricted Stock Unit Award is vested, and shall be subject to the same restrictions and risk of forfeiture as the underlying award.

(b) Termination of Employment. Except as otherwise set forth in the Plan, the terms relating to the treatment of an outstanding Restricted Stock Award or Restricted Stock Unit Award in the event of the Participant’s termination of employment shall be determined by the Committee at the time of grant and shall be set forth in the applicable Award Agreement.

(c) Registration. Any Restricted Stock issued hereunder may be evidenced in such manner, as the Committee, in its sole and absolute discretion, shall deem appropriate, including, without limitation, book entry registration or issuance of a stock certificate or certificates. In the event any stock certificates are issued in respect of Shares of Restricted Stock awarded under the Plan, such certificates shall be registered in the name of the Participant and shall bear an appropriate legend referring to the terms, conditions and restrictions applicable to such Award.

(d) Section 409A. Restricted Stock Unit Awards may be granted hereunder by the Committee either (i) in a manner consistent with Section 409A such that the Restricted Stock Unit Awards will not provide for a deferral of compensation under Section 409A, or (ii) in a manner that is intended from grant to subject the Restricted Stock Unit Awards to Section 409A. In the event Restricted Stock Unit Awards are granted to be subject to Section 409A, then the Restricted Stock Unit Awards shall be settled and paid in a single lump sum (i) as of a specified date, (ii) upon the Participant’s Separation from Service, or (iii) the earlier of (i) or (ii) hereof, as specified and set forth by the Committee in an Award Agreement at the time of grant, and shall otherwise be granted, administered, settled and paid in accordance with Section 409A. Notwithstanding the foregoing, to the extent necessary to avoid

 

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the imposition of taxes under Section 409A, any such settlement and payment may not be made to a Key Employee upon a Separation from Service before the date which is 6 months after the date of the Key Employee’s Separation from Service (or, if earlier, the date of death of the Key Employee).

Section 9. Performance Awards and Performance Share Awards.

(a) Grant of Performance Awards. Performance Awards (which can include Performance Share Awards and Performance Cash Awards) may be paid in cash, Shares, other property, or any combination thereof, and may be subject to such other terms and conditions as the Committee shall deem advisable or appropriate, consistent with the provisions of the Plan as set forth, in the sole and absolute discretion of the Committee at the time of payment. The performance levels to be achieved for each Performance Period and the amount of the Award to be distributed shall be conclusively determined by the Committee. Performance Awards will be paid in a lump sum prior to the 15th day of the third month of the year immediately following the year in which the close of the Performance Period occurs in accordance with the applicable short-term deferral exception provisions of Section 409A, or, in accordance with procedures established by the Committee and the applicable provisions of Section 409A. Dividend Equivalents that can be earned with respect to Performance Awards may be accumulated, but shall only become payable if and to the extent the underlying Performance Awards are achieved, and shall be subject to the same restrictions and risk of forfeiture as the underlying award.

(b) Termination of Employment. Except as otherwise set forth in the Plan, the terms relating to the treatment of an outstanding Performance Award in the event of the Participant’s termination of employment shall be determined by the Committee at the time of grant and shall be set forth in the applicable Award Agreement.

(c) Section 409A. In the event Performance Awards are subject to Section 409A, then the Performance Award shall be settled and paid in a single lump sum (i) as of a specified date, (ii) upon the Participant’s Separation from Service, or (iii) the earlier of (i) or (ii) hereof, in accordance with rules established by the Committee at the time of grant, and shall otherwise be granted, administered, settled and paid in accordance with Section 409A. Notwithstanding the foregoing, to the extent necessary to avoid the imposition of taxes under Section 409A, any such settlement and payment may not be made to a Key Employee upon a Separation from Service before the date which is 6 months after the date of the Key Employee’s Separation from Service (or, if earlier, the date of death of the Key Employee).

Section 10. Other Stock Unit Awards.

(a) Stock and Administration. Awards that are valued by reference to, or are otherwise based on, Shares may be granted hereunder to Participants, either alone or in addition to other Awards granted under the Plan, and such Other Stock Unit Awards shall also be available as a form of payment in the settlement of other Awards granted under the Plan. Other Stock Unit Awards may be paid in Shares, cash or any other form of property, as the Committee shall determine. Subject to the provisions of the Plan, the Committee shall have sole and absolute discretion to

 

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determine the Employees to whom and the time or times at which such Awards shall be made, the number of Shares to be issued or delivered pursuant to such Awards, and all other conditions of the Awards. Any Other Stock Unit Awards shall be subject to such other terms and conditions as the Committee shall deem advisable or appropriate, consistent with the provisions of the Plan as herein set forth.

(b) Termination of Employment. Except as otherwise set forth in the Plan, the terms relating to the treatment of an outstanding Other Stock Unit Award in the event of the Participant’s termination of employment shall be determined by the Committee at the time of grant and shall be set forth in the applicable Award Agreement.

(c) Other Provisions. Shares (including securities convertible into Shares) subject to Awards granted under this Section 10 may be issued for no cash consideration or for such minimum consideration as may be required by applicable law.

(d) Section 409A. Other Stock Unit Awards may be granted hereunder by the Committee (i) in a manner consistent with Section 409A such that the Other Stock Unit Awards will not provide for a deferral of compensation under Section 409A, or (ii) in a manner that is intended from grant to subject the Other Stock Unit Award to Section 409A. In the event Other Stock Unit Awards are granted to be subject to Section 409A, then the Other Stock Unit Awards shall be settled and paid in a single lump sum (i) as of a specified date, (ii) upon the Participant’s Separation from Service, or (iii) the earlier of (i) or (ii) hereof, as specified by the Committee at the time of grant or otherwise in a fashion which is compliant with Section 409A, and shall otherwise be granted, administered, settled and paid in compliance with Section 409A. Notwithstanding the foregoing, to the extent necessary to avoid the imposition of taxes under Section 409A, any such settlement and payment may not be made to a Key Employee upon a Separation from Service before the date which is six (6) months after the date of the Key Employee’s Separation from Service (or, if earlier, the date of death of the Key Employee).

Section 11. Change in Control Provisions.

(a) Unless the Committee or Board shall determine otherwise at the time of grant with respect to a particular Award, and notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan to the contrary, in the event a Participant’s employment or service is involuntarily terminated by the Company without Cause (as determined by the Committee or Board in its sole and absolute discretion) during the 24-month period following a Change in Control:

(i) any Options and Stock Appreciation Rights outstanding and which are not then exercisable or vested shall upon such involuntary termination fully vest and become exercisable for their full term. TSRUs will continue to vest according to the original vesting schedule at grant and settle in accordance with the terms of grant. Options, TSRUs and Stock Appreciation Rights shall remain in effect for the respective terms of such Award as set forth in the applicable Award Agreement notwithstanding such involuntary termination;

 

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(ii) any vested Options, TSRUs and Stock Appreciation Rights outstanding shall upon such involuntary termination remain in effect and be exercisable for the respective terms of such Award or settled as applicable, as set forth in the applicable Award Agreement notwithstanding such involuntary termination;

(iii) any Restricted Stock Unit shall upon such involuntary termination fully vest and be settled at the time of such termination;

(iv) all Performance Awards, Performance Share Awards and Performance Cash Awards shall upon such involuntary termination continue to vest according to the original vesting and distribution schedule at grant and will be paid at the end of the performance period based on the applicable performance criteria;

(v) the restrictions applicable to any Restricted Stock shall upon such involuntary termination lapse, and such Restricted Stock shall immediately become free of all restrictions, limitations or conditions and become fully vested and transferable to the full extent of the original grant;

(vi) any Other Stock Unit Awards or any other Awards shall upon such involuntary termination continue to vest and be paid according to the original vesting and distribution schedule at grant; and

(vii) notwithstanding any other provision of this Section 11(a), the proceeds, from exercise, settlement or otherwise, of any Options, Stock Appreciation Rights, TSRUs, Restricted Stock, Restricted Stock Units, Performance Shares, Performance Share Awards or Other Stock Unit Awards that are considered deferred compensation under Section 409A shall be subject to the terms of Section 18 of the Plan.

(b) Change in Control Cash Out. Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan, in the event of a Change in Control, or, with respect to Options, TSRUs, Stock Appreciation Rights, Restricted Stock, Restricted Stock Units, Performance Awards, Performance Share Awards, Performance Cash Awards or Other Stock Unit Awards that are considered deferred compensation under Section 409A, in the event of a Change in Control that is also a “Change in Control Event” described in Section 409A(a)(2)(A)(v) or otherwise under Section 409A, the Committee or Board may, in its sole and absolute discretion, provide that such Awards shall, upon the occurrence of a Change in Control, be cancelled in exchange for a payment to be made within 60 days of the Change in Control (and the Participant shall have no discretion to choose the date of payment): (A) in an amount equal to the amount by which the Fair Market Value per Share on the date of the payment exceeds the option price per Share under the Option, if any, multiplied by the number of Shares to be issued and delivered under the Option; (B) in an amount equal to the value of the TSRUs (change in stock price plus projected dividend equivalents, multiplied by the number of the TSRUs granted); (C) in an amount equal to the value of the Stock Appreciation Rights (change in stock price multiplied by the number of the Stock Appreciation Rights granted); or (D) in an amount equal to the Fair Market Value per Share on the date of the payment for the Restricted Stock, Restricted Stock Units, Performance

 

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Awards, Performance Share Awards or Other Stock Unit Awards. However, if the option price per Share under any outstanding Option is equal to or greater than the Fair Market Value per Share, or the value (change in stock price plus projected dividend equivalents) of any outstanding TSRU or the value (change in stock price) of any outstanding Stock Appreciation Right is negative, the Board may cancel such Award without the payment of any consideration. For the avoidance of doubt, the Committee or Board may, in its sole and absolute discretion, determine the appropriate treatment of Awards upon a Change in Control.

(c) Notwithstanding the above, if the Change in Control is the result of a transaction pursuant to Section 2(g)(iii) and the surviving entity does not assume, substitute or replace Awards, such Awards shall become fully vested and, (except with respect to TSRUs unless exercisable by their terms), immediately exercisable or transferable to the full extent of the original grant upon the Change in Control and shall be distributed, settled or paid in full within 60 days of the Change in Control as provided in Section 11(b) above with respect to each Award that is intended to be exempt from Section 409A, and, provided that such Change in Control is a “Change in Control Event” described in Section 409A(a)(2)(A)(v) or otherwise under Section 409A each Award that is considered deferred compensation under Section 409A, respectively.

Section 12. Performance Goals.

(a) If an Award is designated by the Committee as subject to this Section 12, then the lapsing of restrictions thereon and the distribution of cash, Shares or other property pursuant thereto, as applicable, may be subject to the achievement of one or more objective performance goals established by the Committee, which shall be based on the attainment of specified levels of one or any combination of the following: (i) shareholder return; (ii) total shareholder return (whether absolute or relative); (iii) cost targets or reductions, savings, productivity or efficiencies; (iv) operating income, income before or after taxes, net income, or adjusted net income; (v) earnings per share, adjusted earnings per share, earnings before or after taxes, earnings before or after interest, depreciation and/or amortization (“EBITDA”), adjusted EBITDA, economic earnings, or extraordinary or special items or book value per share (which may exclude nonrecurring items); (vi) operating profit or margins or operating expenses, (vii) working capital measures; (viii) return on assets (gross or net), return on equity or return on invested capital; (ix) cash flow or balance sheet measures; (x) market share; (xi) revenues; (xii) strategic business criteria, consisting of one or more objectives based on meeting specified market penetration, geographic business expansion, and goals relating to acquisitions, divestitures, joint ventures and similar transactions, and budget comparisons; (xiii) personal professional objectives, including any of the foregoing performance goals, the implementation of policies and plans, the negotiation of transactions, formation of joint ventures, research or development collaborations, and the completion of other corporate transactions and any combination of, or a specified increase in, any of the foregoing; (xiv) economic value added to the Company or the Affiliate or division of the Company for or within which the Participant is primarily employed; or (xv) such other criteria established by the Committee. Where applicable, the Performance Goals may be expressed in terms of attaining a specified level of the particular criteria or the attainment of any or a specific percentage

 

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increase or decrease in the particular criteria. Such performance goals also may be based on the achievement of specified levels of Company performance (or performance of an applicable Affiliate or division of the Company) under one or more of the measures described above relative to the performance of other corporations. The Committee shall have the authority to make equitable adjustments to the Performance Goals as may be determined by the Committee, in its sole and absolute discretion.

Section 13. Amendments and Termination.

(a) The Board may amend, alter, suspend, discontinue or terminate the Plan or any portion thereof at any time; provided, however, that no such amendment, alteration, suspension, discontinuation or termination shall be made without (i) stockholder approval if such approval is necessary to qualify for or comply with any tax or regulatory requirement or in order to satisfy any rules of the stock exchange on which the Shares are traded or other applicable law for which the Board deems it necessary or desirable to qualify, satisfy or comply, or (ii) the consent of the affected Participant, if such action would materially impair the rights of such Participant under any outstanding Award. Notwithstanding anything in the Plan to the contrary, the Board may not (except pursuant to Section 4(c) or in connection with a Change in Control), without the approval of the Company’s stockholders, cancel an Option, TSRU or Stock Appreciation Right in exchange for cash and may not add the shares underlying a canceled Option, TSRU or Stock Appreciation Right to the Shares available for Awards under the Plan, when the exercise or grant price per share exceeds the Fair Market Value of one Share or take any action with respect to an Option, TSRU or Stock Appreciation Right that would be treated as a repricing under the rules and regulations of the principal securities exchange on which the Shares are traded, including a reduction of the exercise price of an Option or the grant price of a TSRU or Stock Appreciation Right or the exchange of an Option, TSRU or Stock Appreciation Right for another Award. In addition, notwithstanding the above, any termination of the Plan shall comply with Section 409A to the extent necessary in order to avoid adverse tax consequences to Participants under Section 409A.

(b) The Committee may delegate to another committee, as it may appoint, the authority to take any action consistent with the terms of the Plan, either before or after an Award has been granted, which such other committee deems necessary or advisable to comply with any government laws or regulatory requirements of a foreign country or for local tax reasons or reasons of local custom, including but not limited to, modifying or amending the terms and conditions governing any Awards, or establishing any local country plans as sub-plans to this Plan. In addition, under all circumstances, the Committee may make non-substantive administrative changes to the Plan as to conform with or take advantage of governmental requirements, statutes or regulations.

(c) The Committee may amend the terms of any Award theretofore granted, prospectively or retroactively, but no such amendment shall (i) unless otherwise required or advisable under applicable law (as determined by the Board), materially impair the rights of any Participant without his or her consent, or (ii) cause any Award intended to be exempt from Section 409A to become subject to Section 409A. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Committee may amend the terms of any

 

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award heretofore granted, prospectively or retroactively, in order to cure any potential defects under Section 409A, in a manner deemed appropriate by the Committee in its sole and absolute discretion, without the consent of the Participant. Any change or adjustment to an outstanding Incentive Stock Option shall not, without the consent of the Participant, be made in a manner so as to constitute a “modification” that would cause such Incentive Stock Option to fail to continue to qualify as an Incentive Stock Option. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any adjustments made pursuant to Section 4(c) shall not be subject to these restrictions.

Section 14. Dividends. Subject to the provisions of the Plan and any Award Agreement, the recipient of an Award (including, without limitation, any deferred Award) may, if so determined by the Committee, be entitled to receive, cash or stock dividends, or Dividend Equivalents with respect to the number of Shares covered by the Award, as determined by the Committee, in its sole and absolute discretion, and the Committee may provide that such amounts (if any) shall be deemed to have been reinvested in additional Shares or otherwise reinvested; provided, however, that dividends and or Dividend Equivalents that can be earned with respect to an Award, shall only become payable if and to the extent the underlying Award vests, regardless of whether or not vesting is contingent upon the achievement of performance goals or time and provided further, however, that if the receipt of any such Dividend Equivalents granted with respect to Options, TSRUs, Restricted Stock, Other Stock Unit Awards and Stock Appreciation Rights is contingent upon the exercise of the Options or TSRUs or Stock Appreciation Right, or the vesting of the Restricted Stock, Performance Shares, or Other Stock Unit Awards, then the Options, Restricted Stock, Performance Shares, Other Stock Unit Awards, or Stock Appreciation Rights shall be granted and administered in accordance with all applicable provisions of Section 409A.

Section 15. General Provisions.

(a) An Award may not be sold, pledged, assigned, hypothecated, transferred, or disposed of in any manner other than by will or by the laws of descent or distribution and may be exercised, during the lifetime of the Participant, only by the Participant; provided that the Committee, in its sole and absolute discretion, may permit additional transferability, on a general or specific basis, other than to a third party for consideration, and may impose conditions and limitations on any permitted transferability.

(b) No Employee, Non-Employee Director or other Service Provider shall have the right to be selected to receive an Award under this Plan or, having been so selected, to be selected to receive a future Award grant. Neither the Award nor any benefits arising out of this Plan shall constitute part of a Participant’s employment or service contract with the Company or any Affiliate and, accordingly, this Plan and the benefits hereunder may be terminated at any time in the sole and absolute discretion of the Company without giving rise to liability on the part of the Company or any Affiliate for severance payments. The Awards under this Plan are not intended to be treated as compensation for any purpose including under any other Company plan.

 

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(c) No Employee, Non-Employee Director or other Service Provider shall have any claim to be granted any Award under the Plan, and there is no obligation for uniformity of treatment of Employees or Participants under the Plan.

(d) The prospective recipient of any Award under the Plan shall not, with respect to such Award, be deemed to have become a Participant, or to have any rights with respect to such Award until and unless such recipient shall have accepted any Award Agreement or other instrument evidencing the Award.

(e) Nothing in the Plan or any Award granted under the Plan shall be deemed to constitute an employment or service contract or confer or be deemed to confer on any Employee or Participant any right to continue in the employ or service of, or to continue any other relationship with, the Company or any Affiliate or limit in any way the right of the Company or any Affiliate to terminate an Employee’s employment or Participant’s service at any time, with or without Cause.

(f) All Shares delivered under the Plan pursuant to any Award shall be subject to such stock transfer orders and other restrictions as the Committee may deem advisable under the rules, regulations and other requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission, any stock exchange upon which the Shares are then listed, and any applicable federal, state or local securities law, and the Committee may cause a legend or legends to be put on any such certificates to make appropriate reference to such restrictions.

(g) Awards are subject to the Company’s policies on recoupment of gains realized from any Awards as may be in effect from time to time. All Awards granted under the Plan will be subject to recoupment in accordance with any clawback policy that the Company is required to adopt pursuant to the listing standards of any national securities exchange or association on which the Company’s securities are listed or as is otherwise required by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act or other applicable law.

(h) No Award granted hereunder shall be construed as an offer to sell securities of the Company, and no such offer shall be outstanding, unless and until the Committee in its sole and absolute discretion has determined that any such offer, if made, would comply with all applicable requirements of the U.S. federal securities laws and any other laws to which such offer, if made, would be subject.

(i) Except as otherwise required in any applicable Award Agreement or by the terms of the Plan, recipients of Awards under the Plan shall not be required to make any payment or provide consideration other than the rendering of services.

(j) The Company and its Affiliates shall be authorized to withhold from any Award granted or payment due under the Plan, and/or to withhold from wages or other cash compensation paid to the Participant, the amount of withholding taxes due in respect of an Award or payment hereunder and to take such other action as may be necessary in the opinion of the Company or Affiliate to satisfy all obligations for the payment of such taxes. Such other actions may include, without limitation, the requirement that the Participant execute a market sale of Shares or other consideration received pursuant to the Award. The Committee shall be authorized to establish procedures for elections by Participants to satisfy such

 

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obligation for the payment of such taxes by delivery of or transfer of Shares to the Company (in a manner limited so as to avoid adverse accounting treatment for the Company), or by directing the Company to retain Shares with a value not to exceed the maximum statutory rate of the Participant’s applicable jurisdiction(s) or otherwise deliverable in connection with the Award with a value at the Participant’s minimum statutory required tax withholding rate (up to the maximum statutory tax rate) of the Participant’s applicable jurisdiction(s) (in a manner limited so as to avoid adverse accounting treatment for the Company and permitted under applicable withholding rules promulgated by the Internal Revenue Service or other applicable governmental entity).

(k) Nothing contained in the Plan shall prevent the Board from adopting other or additional compensation arrangements, subject to stockholder approval if such approval is required; and such arrangements may be either generally applicable or applicable only in specific cases.

(l) Any Award shall contain a provision that it may not be exercised at a time when the exercise thereof or the issuance of Shares thereunder would constitute a violation of any federal or state law or listing requirements of any stock exchange upon which the Shares are then listed or a violation of any foreign jurisdiction where Awards are or will be granted under the Plan. Without limiting the foregoing, the Company shall have no obligation to issue or deliver Shares subject to Awards granted hereunder prior to: (i) obtaining any approvals from governmental agencies that the Company determines are necessary or advisable, and (ii) completion of any registration or other qualification with respect to the Shares under any applicable law in the United States or any jurisdiction outside of the United States or ruling of any governmental body that the Company determines to be necessary or advisable or at a time when such registration or qualification is not current, has been suspended or otherwise has ceased to be effective. The inability or impracticability of the Company to obtain or maintain authority from any regulatory body having jurisdiction, which authority is deemed by the Company’s counsel to be necessary to the lawful issuance and sale of any Shares hereunder, shall relieve the Company of any liability in respect of the failure to issue or sell such Shares as to which such requisite authority shall not have been obtained, and shall constitute circumstances in which the Committee may determine to amend or cancel awards pertaining to such Shares, with or without consideration to the affected Participants.

(m) The provisions of the Plan shall be construed, regulated and administered according to the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania without giving effect to principles of conflicts of law, except to the extent superseded by any controlling federal statute.

(n) The Committee may amend the terms of any Award heretofore granted, prospectively or retroactively, in order to cure any potential defects under Section 409A, in a manner deemed appropriate by the Committee in its sole and absolute discretion, without the consent of the Participant. Nothing in this Section 15(n) shall be construed as an admission that any of the compensation and/or benefits payable under this Plan constitutes “deferred compensation” subject to Section 409A.

 

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(o) If any provision of the Plan is or becomes or is deemed invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any jurisdiction, or would disqualify the Plan or any Award under any law deemed applicable by the Committee, such provision shall be construed or deemed amended to conform to applicable laws or if it cannot be construed or deemed amended without, in the determination of the Committee, materially altering the intent of the Plan, it shall be stricken and the remainder of the Plan shall remain in full force and effect.

(p) Awards may be granted to Participants who are foreign nationals or employed outside the United States, or both, on such terms and conditions different from those applicable to Awards to Employees employed in the United States as may, in the judgment of the Committee, be necessary or desirable in order to recognize differences in local law or tax policy. The Committee also may impose conditions on the exercise or vesting of Awards in order to minimize the Company’s obligation with respect to tax equalization for Employees on assignments outside their home country.

(q) If approved by the Committee in its sole and absolute discretion, an Employee’s absence or leave because of military or governmental service, Total and Permanent Disability or other reason shall not be considered an interruption of employment for any purpose under the Plan; provided, however, that to the extent an Award under this Plan is subject to Section 409A, such absence or leave shall be considered a Separation from Service to the extent provided by Section 409A.

Section 16. Term of Plan. The Plan shall terminate on the tenth anniversary of the Effective Date, unless sooner terminated by the Board pursuant to Section 13; provided, however, in no event may an Incentive Stock Option be granted more than ten (10) years after the Effective Date.

Section 17. Compliance with Section 16. With respect to Participants subject to Section 16 of the Exchange Act (“Members”), transactions under the Plan are intended to comply with all applicable conditions of Rule 16b-3 or its successors under the Exchange Act. To the extent that compliance with any Plan provision applicable solely to such Members that is included solely for purposes of complying with Rule 16b-3 is not required in order to bring a transaction by such Member in compliance with Rule 16b-3, it shall be deemed null and void as to such transaction, to the extent permitted by law and deemed advisable by the Committee. To the extent any provision in the Plan or action by the Committee involving such Members is deemed not to comply with an applicable condition of Rule 16b-3, it shall be deemed null and void as to such Members, to the extent permitted by law and deemed advisable by the Committee.

Section 18. Compliance with Section 409A. The intent of the parties is that payments and benefits under the Plan comply with Section 409A to the extent subject thereto or an exemption therefrom, and, accordingly, to the maximum extent permitted, the Plan shall be interpreted and be administered to be in compliance therewith. Any payments described in the Plan that are due within the “short-term deferral period” as defined in Section 409A shall not be treated as deferred compensation unless applicable law requires otherwise. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the Plan, no payment or distribution under this Plan that constitutes an

 

22


item of deferred compensation under Section 409A and becomes payable by reason of a Participant’s termination of employment or service with the Company will be made to such Participant until such Participant’s termination of employment or service constitutes a Separation from Service. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the Plan, to the extent required in order to avoid accelerated taxation and/or tax penalties under Section 409A, amounts that would otherwise be payable and benefits that would otherwise be provided during the six (6) month period immediately following the Participant’s termination of employment shall instead be paid on the first business day after the date that is six (6) months following the Participant’s separation from service (or upon the Participant’s death, if earlier). In addition, for purposes of the Plan, each amount to be paid or benefit to be provided to the Participant pursuant to the Plan, which constitutes deferred compensation subject to Section 409A, shall be construed as a separate identified payment for purposes of Section 409A. For any payment under the Plan that constitutes deferred compensation under Section 409A, to the extent required in order to avoid accelerated taxation and/or tax penalties under Section 409A, a Change in Control shall be deemed to have occurred under the Plan with respect to such payment only if a change in the ownership or effective control of the Company or a change in ownership of a substantial portion of the assets of the Company shall also be deemed to have occurred under Section 409A. The Company makes no representation that any or all of the payments or benefits described in this Plan will be exempt from or comply with Section 409A and makes no undertaking to preclude Section 409A from applying to any such payment. The Participant shall be solely responsible for the payment of any taxes and penalties incurred under Section 409A.

 

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EX-99.1
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Exhibit 99.1

LOGO   LOGO

[DATE]

Dear Pfizer Stockholders:

On July 29, 2019, Pfizer Inc., Upjohn Inc. (“Newco”) and Mylan N.V. entered into a series of agreements that provide for Pfizer’s global, primarily off-patent branded and generic established medicines business (the “Upjohn Business”) and Mylan to engage in a strategic business combination transaction. Before the closing of such business combination transaction, Pfizer will distribute, on a pro rata basis (based on the number of shares held by holders of Pfizer common stock as of the record date), all of the Newco common stock, par value $0.01 per share, held by Pfizer (the “Distribution”). Immediately after the Distribution, the Upjohn Business will combine with Mylan in a series of transactions in which Mylan shareholders will receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share, subject to any applicable withholding taxes (the “Combination”). The parent entity of the combined Upjohn Business and Mylan business will be renamed “Viatris,” effective as of the closing of the Combination.

When the Distribution and Combination are completed, Pfizer stockholders, as of the record date of the Distribution, will own 57% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, and Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will own 43% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, in each case on a fully diluted basis.

As a Pfizer stockholder, you are receiving this document as an information statement from Newco to inform you of the proposed transactions. The board of directors of Pfizer has unanimously approved the proposed transactions, including the Distribution and the Combination. No vote of Pfizer stockholders is required for the Distribution or the Combination. Pfizer, as sole stockholder of Newco before the Distribution, has approved of the issuance of Newco common stock in the Combination. Therefore, Pfizer stockholders are not being asked for a proxy, and are requested not to send Pfizer a proxy, in connection with the Distribution or the Combination. Pfizer stockholders do not need to pay any consideration, exchange or surrender their existing Pfizer common stock or take any other action to receive Newco common stock in the Distribution, other than to hold Pfizer common stock as of the record date of the Distribution.

If the number of shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding on the record date for the Distribution equals the number of shares outstanding as of                     , 2020, and if the number of Mylan ordinary shares outstanding on a fully-diluted, as-converted and as-exercised basis, outstanding as of the close of business on the NASDAQ Stock Market (the “NASDAQ”) trading day immediately before the closing date of the Combination equals the number of shares outstanding on such basis as of that same date, a Pfizer stockholder will receive                  shares of Newco common stock for every one share of Pfizer common stock held by such Pfizer stockholder on the record date for the Distribution (representing in the aggregate 57% of the fully diluted shares of Newco common stock outstanding immediately following the Combination).

The actual number of shares of Newco common stock that a Pfizer stockholder will receive with respect to each share of Pfizer common stock will be determined based on the aggregate number of shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding on the record date for the Distribution and the number of Mylan ordinary shares, on a fully diluted, as-converted and as-exercised basis, outstanding as of the close of business on the NASDAQ trading day immediately before the closing date of the Combination.

We expect that Newco will apply to have its common stock listed on the NASDAQ under a ticker symbol to be determined. There is currently no trading market for Newco common stock. However, we expect that a limited market, commonly known as a “when-issued” trading market, for Newco common stock will develop on or shortly before the record date for the Distribution, and we expect “regular way” trading of Newco common stock will begin the first trading day after the completion of the Distribution.

This document explains the proposed transactions, and provides specific information about Mylan, Newco and their respective businesses. Please review this document carefully, particularly the matters discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page 38 of this document.

We look forward to completing the proposed transactions and the exciting opportunities they present to Pfizer stockholders.

Sincerely,

LOGO

Albert Bourla

Chief Executive Officer

Pfizer Inc.


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EXPLANATORY NOTE

On July 29, 2019, Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc. (“Newco”) entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, and, on the same day, Pfizer, Newco, Mylan N.V. and certain of their affiliates entered into a Business Combination Agreement. These agreements provide for Pfizer to combine its global, primarily off-patent branded and generic established medicines business (the “Upjohn Business”) with Mylan in a Reverse Morris Trust transaction. The principal transactions to effect the Reverse Morris Trust transaction include the following:

 

   

Separation. Pfizer will contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from the remainder of Pfizer’s businesses (the “Separation”).

 

   

Distribution. Following the Separation, Pfizer will distribute to its stockholders all of the issued and outstanding shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer by way of either, at Pfizer’s option, a spin-off or a split-off (the “Distribution”). In a spin-off, Pfizer will effect the Distribution by distributing on a pro rata basis all of the shares of Newco common stock then held by Pfizer to Pfizer stockholders entitled to shares of Newco common stock in the Distribution as of the record date of the Distribution. In a split-off, Pfizer would offer its stockholders the option to exchange all or a portion of their shares of Pfizer common stock for shares of Newco common stock in an exchange offer, resulting in a reduction in shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding. If the exchange offer is undertaken and consummated, the remaining shares of Newco common stock then held by Pfizer, if any, would be distributed on a pro rata basis to Pfizer stockholders whose shares of Pfizer common stock remain outstanding after the consummation of the exchange offer.

This document assumes that the Distribution will occur through a spin-off. If a split-off is ultimately selected by Pfizer, Newco will file a registration statement on Form S-4 for the split-off, and Pfizer will file a Schedule TO for the split-off.

 

   

Combination. Immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will engage in a strategic business combination transaction in which Mylan shareholders will receive shares of Newco common stock (the “Combination”). The Combination shall occur through the following steps:

 

   

First, Mylan will engage in a legal triangular merger under Dutch law (the “Mylan Merger”), in which Mylan will merge with and into Mylan II B.V. (“Mylan Newco Sub”), with Mylan Newco Sub surviving as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan I B.V. (“Mylan Newco”). In the Mylan Merger, each Mylan ordinary share would be replaced by one Mylan Newco ordinary share. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will not be listed. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will be in existence only until the dissolution and liquidation of Mylan Newco has been completed as described below. After the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (as defined below) has been made, we do not expect there to be any further distributions in respect of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares, nor do we expect any Mylan Newco shareholder meeting to be held at which Mylan Newco shareholders could exercise voting rights.

 

   

Second, Mylan Newco will sell and transfer to Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., which is an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Newco (“Acquisition Sub”), all of the outstanding shares of Mylan Newco Sub in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock (the “Exchangeable Note”) (such sale and transfer, the “Share Sale”).

 

   

Third, Mylan Newco will be dissolved and liquidated in accordance with Dutch law and each holder of Mylan Newco ordinary shares (i.e., former holders of Mylan ordinary shares) will, upon distribution of the Exchangeable Note, receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan Newco ordinary share held by such holder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (the “Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution”) (such liquidation, the “Mylan Newco Liquidation”).

If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code (which is, generally, six months after the announcement in a Dutch nationally distributed daily newspaper


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that the merger proposal with respect to the Mylan Merger has been deposited with the Dutch Trade registry and disclosed for public inspection), then, unless otherwise mutually determined by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, the Combination will occur through the following steps, which do not involve the Mylan Merger:

 

   

First, Mylan will sell and transfer to Acquisition Sub all of Mylan’s assets and liabilities, in exchange for the Exchangeable Note (the “Asset Sale”).

 

   

Second, Mylan will be dissolved and liquidated in accordance with Dutch law and each holder of Mylan ordinary shares will receive, upon the distribution of the Exchangeable Note, one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (the “Mylan Liquidation Distribution”) (such liquidation, the “Mylan Liquidation”).

Newco is filing this registration statement on Form 10 (File No. 000-56114) to register the shares of Newco common stock under Section 12(g) of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). This Form 10 contains a preliminary information statement to be used in connection with the Distribution of Newco common stock to the Pfizer stockholders.

Newco is filing a separate registration statement on Form S-4 (Reg. No. 333-234337) to register the shares of Newco common stock under the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), that will be issued and distributed in the Mylan Newco Liquidation or Mylan Liquidation.

This document currently assumes that the Distribution will occur through a pro rata spin-off to the Pfizer stockholders. However, Pfizer may elect to effect the Distribution by way of a split-off instead of a spin-off if it determines that doing so would be in the best interests of Pfizer and its stockholders based on market conditions prior to closing as well as corporate finance and timing considerations, including, but not limited to, the relative valuation and market price of shares of common stock of Pfizer and Mylan, the implied valuation of the Upjohn Business, the likelihood of demand from Pfizer stockholders for shares of Newco common stock to be issued in the Distribution, and the assessment by Pfizer and its financial advisors of the likelihood of sufficient tenders of shares of Pfizer common stock in a split-off. If a spin-off is selected by Pfizer, all Pfizer stockholders will receive from Pfizer, on a pro rata basis, a number of shares of Newco common stock so that Pfizer stockholders will hold 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination. If a split-off is selected by Pfizer, Pfizer will offer its stockholders the option to exchange shares of Pfizer common stock for shares of Newco common stock in an exchange offer, resulting in a reduction in Pfizer’s outstanding shares. If the exchange offer is undertaken and consummated, the remaining shares of Newco common stock Pfizer holds, if any, would be distributed on a pro rata basis to Pfizer stockholders whose shares of Pfizer common stock remain outstanding after the consummation of the exchange offer. If a split-off is ultimately selected by Pfizer, then Newco will file a separate Form S-4 for the split-off, and Pfizer will file a Schedule TO for the split-off.

It is not expected that Pfizer’s decision to effect the Distribution through a split-off instead of a spin-off would have a material impact on the combined company or on Mylan’s shareholders.


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The information in this document is not complete and may be changed. A registration statement relating to the securities described in this document has been filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

PRELIMINARY—SUBJECT TO COMPLETION—DATED FEBRUARY 6, 2020

INFORMATION STATEMENT TO PFIZER STOCKHOLDERS

On July 29, 2019, Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc. (“Newco”) entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, and, on the same day, Pfizer, Newco, Mylan N.V. (“Mylan”) and certain of their affiliates entered into a Business Combination Agreement. These agreements provide for Pfizer to combine its global, primarily off-patent branded and generic established medicines business (the “Upjohn Business”) with Mylan in a Reverse Morris Trust transaction. The Separation, Distribution and Combination (each as defined below) are referred to collectively in this document as the “transactions.” As used in this document, each of “Newco” and the “combined company” refers to Upjohn Inc., which has been newly formed to effect the transactions. Effective as of the closing of the transactions described below, Newco will be renamed “Viatris” and will operate both Mylan and the Upjohn Business. Upon closing of the transactions described below, Newco will be an independent, publicly-traded company. The principal transactions to effect the Reverse Morris Trust transaction include the following:

 

   

Separation. Pfizer will contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from the remainder of Pfizer’s businesses (the “Separation”).

 

   

Distribution. Following the Separation, Pfizer will distribute to its stockholders all of the issued and outstanding shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer by way of pro rata dividend (the “Distribution”). The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be distributed in the Distribution will be such that, after the Combination described below, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will hold 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination (as defined below). References in this document to the percentage ownership of fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock by Pfizer stockholders and former Mylan shareholders upon completion of the transactions assumes that such percentages are determined excluding any overlaps in the pre-transaction securityholder bases.

 

   

Combination. Immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will engage in a series of steps to combine their businesses, and in which Mylan shareholders will receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (the “Combination”). The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be issued in the Combination will be such that, after the Combination, Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will hold 43% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

It is expected that there will be approximately 1.2 billion shares of Newco common stock outstanding immediately after the Combination (calculated based on the estimated maximum number of 526,700,740 Mylan ordinary shares expected to be exchanged for Newco common stock in connection with the Combination). Newco common stock will be listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under a ticker symbol to be determined.

This document constitutes an information statement of Newco for the Newco common stock being distributed in the Distribution. Pfizer stockholders are not required to take any action to approve the transactions.

Please review this document carefully. You should carefully consider the matters discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page 38.

Neither the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities regulator has approved or disapproved the transactions described in this document, or determined if this document is accurate or adequate. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

The date of this document is                     , 2020, and it will be made publicly available on or about                     , 2020. Notice of this information statement’s availability will be first sent to Pfizer stockholders on or about                     , 2020.


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ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

This document forms a part of a registration statement on Form 10 (File No. 000-56114) filed by Newco with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) to register under the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder (the “Exchange Act”), the shares of Newco common stock to be issued to the Pfizer stockholders pursuant to the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Mylan has supplied all information contained in or incorporated by reference into this document relating to Mylan and Mylan Newco. Pfizer has supplied all information contained in or incorporated by reference into this document relating to Pfizer, the Upjohn Business and Newco. Mylan and Pfizer have both contributed information relating to the proposed transactions.

As permitted by SEC rules, this document does not contain all of the information that you can find in the registration statement or its exhibits. For further information pertaining to Newco and the shares of Newco common stock to be issued in connection with the proposed transactions, reference is made to that registration statement and its exhibits. Each statement contained in this document is qualified in its entirety by reference to the underlying documents. You are encouraged to read the entire registration statement. You may obtain copies of the registration statement, including documents incorporated by reference into the registration statement (and any amendments to those documents) by following the instructions under “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”

TRADEMARKS AND SERVICE MARKS

Mylan, Pfizer and Newco each owns or has rights to various trademarks, logos, service marks and trade names that each uses in connection with the operation of its business. Mylan, Pfizer and Newco each also owns or has the rights to copyrights that protect the content of their respective products. Solely for convenience, the trademarks, service marks, trade names and copyrights referred to in this document are listed without the , ® and © symbols, but such references do not constitute a waiver of any rights that might be associated with the respective trademarks, service marks, trade names and copyrights included or referred to in this document.

 

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WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

This document incorporates by reference certain business, financial and other information about Mylan from certain documents filed with the SEC that have not been included herein or delivered herewith. Mylan files reports (including annual, quarterly and current reports that may contain audited financial statements), proxy statements and other information with the SEC.

Copies of Mylan’s filings with the SEC are available to investors without charge by request made to Mylan in writing or by telephone with the following contact information:

Mylan N.V.

Attention: Investor Relations

Building 4, Trident Place, Mosquito Way

Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL10 9UL, England

Telephone: +44 (0) 1707-853-000

You may also obtain printer-friendly versions of Mylan’s SEC reports at www.investor.mylan.com. However, Mylan is not incorporating the information on Mylan’s website other than the filings listed below into this document or the registration statement. Mylan’s filings with the SEC are available to the public over the internet at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov, or at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Please call 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the public reference facilities.

The SEC allows certain information to be “incorporated by reference” into this document. This means that Mylan can disclose important information to you by referring you to another document filed separately with the SEC. The information incorporated by reference is deemed to be part of this document, except for any information modified or superseded by information contained directly in this document or in any document subsequently filed by Mylan that is also incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference herein. This document incorporates by reference the documents set forth below that Mylan has previously filed with the SEC and any future filings by Mylan under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, from the date of this document to the date that the EGM is held, except, in any such case, for any information therein that has been furnished rather than filed, which shall not be incorporated herein. Subsequent filings with the SEC will automatically modify and supersede information in this document. These documents contain important information about Mylan and its financial condition.

This document, and the registration statement of which this document forms a part, hereby incorporate by reference the following documents that Mylan has filed with the SEC:

 

   

Mylan’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, filed with the SEC on February 27, 2019, as amended by Amendment No.  1 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, filed with the SEC on April 30, 2019;

 

   

Mylan’s Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarters ended March 31, 2019, June 30, 2019 and September 30, 2019, filed with the SEC on May  7, 2019, July 29, 2019 and November  5, 2019, respectively;

 

   

Mylan’s Definitive Proxy Statement, filed with the SEC on May 24, 2019;

 

   

Mylan’s Current Reports on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on February 11, 2019, June 21, 2019 (except for Item 7.01), July  29, 2019 (relating to the announcement of the Combination), July  29, 2019 (describing the material agreements relating to the Combination) and November 20, 2019; and

 

   

the description of Mylan’s ordinary shares contained in Mylan’s registration statement on Form S-4 filed on November 5, 2014, including any amendments or reports filed for the purpose of updating such description.

 

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If you are a Pfizer stockholder and you have any questions about the proposed transactions, please contact Pfizer’s Investor Relations Department at (212) 733-2323.

NONE OF MYLAN, PFIZER OR NEWCO HAS AUTHORIZED ANYONE TO GIVE ANY INFORMATION OR MAKE ANY REPRESENTATION ABOUT THE PROPOSED TRANSACTIONS OR ABOUT MYLAN, PFIZER OR NEWCO THAT DIFFERS FROM OR ADDS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT OR THE DOCUMENTS THAT MYLAN PUBLICLY FILES WITH THE SEC. THEREFORE, NONE OF MYLAN, PFIZER OR NEWCO TAKES RESPONSIBILITY FOR, NOR CAN PROVIDE ASSURANCES AS TO THE RELIABILITY OF, ANY OTHER INFORMATION THAT OTHERS MAY GIVE YOU.

THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT SPEAKS ONLY AS OF ITS DATE UNLESS THE INFORMATION SPECIFICALLY INDICATES THAT ANOTHER DATE APPLIES. YOU SHOULD NOT ASSUME THAT THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS ACCURATE AS OF ANY DATE OTHER THAN THE DATE HEREOF. YOU SHOULD NOT ASSUME THAT THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN ANY DOCUMENT INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE HEREIN IS ACCURATE AS OF ANY DATE OTHER THAN THE DATE OF SUCH DOCUMENT. ANY STATEMENT CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT OR IN ANY DOCUMENT INCORPORATED INTO THIS DOCUMENT BY REFERENCE AS TO THE CONTENTS OF ANY CONTRACT OR OTHER DOCUMENT REFERRED TO IN THIS DOCUMENT OR IN OTHER DOCUMENTS THAT ARE INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE INTO THIS DOCUMENT ARE NOT NECESSARILY COMPLETE AND, IN EACH INSTANCE, REFERENCE IS MADE TO THE COPY OF THE APPLICABLE CONTRACT OR OTHER DOCUMENT FILED AS AN EXHIBIT TO THE REGISTRATION STATEMENT OR OTHERWISE FILED WITH THE SEC. ANY STATEMENT CONTAINED IN A DOCUMENT INCORPORATED OR DEEMED TO BE INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE INTO THIS DOCUMENT WILL BE DEEMED TO BE MODIFIED OR SUPERSEDED TO THE EXTENT THAT A STATEMENT CONTAINED HEREIN OR IN ANY OTHER SUBSEQUENTLY FILED DOCUMENT THAT ALSO IS OR IS DEEMED TO BE INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE INTO THIS DOCUMENT MODIFIES OR SUPERSEDES SUCH STATEMENT. ANY STATEMENT SO MODIFIED OR SUPERSEDED WILL NOT BE DEEMED, EXCEPT AS SO MODIFIED OR SUPERSEDED, TO CONSTITUTE A PART OF THIS DOCUMENT. THE TAKING OF ANY ACTIONS CONTEMPLATED HEREBY BY PFIZER AT ANY TIME WILL NOT CREATE ANY IMPLICATION TO THE CONTRARY.

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

     ii  

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE TRANSACTIONS

     1  

SUMMARY

     11  

SUMMARY HISTORICAL COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION OF THE UPJOHN BUSINESS

     29  

SUMMARY HISTORICAL CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION OF MYLAN

     31  

SUMMARY UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

     34  

SUMMARY HISTORICAL AND PRO FORMA PER SHARE DATA OF MYLAN

     36  

HISTORICAL MARKET PRICE AND DIVIDEND INFORMATION

     37  

RISK FACTORS

     38  

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

     68  

THE TRANSACTIONS

     71  

MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES

     101  

DESCRIPTION OF FINANCING

     107  

BUSINESS COMBINATION AGREEMENT

     108  

SEPARATION AND DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT

     135  

ADDITIONAL TRANSACTION AGREEMENTS

     144  

INFORMATION ABOUT MYLAN

     150  

INFORMATION ABOUT PFIZER

     151  

INFORMATION ABOUT THE UPJOHN BUSINESS

     152  

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS OF THE UPJOHN BUSINESS

     158  

SELECTED HISTORICAL COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION OF THE UPJOHN BUSINESS

     223  

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION OF MYLAN AND THE UPJOHN BUSINESS

     226  

DESCRIPTION OF NEWCO CAPITAL STOCK

     243  

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

     247  

APPRAISAL RIGHTS

     248  

INDEX—FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

     F-1  

ANNEXES

     A-1  


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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE TRANSACTIONS

The following are some of the questions that you may have regarding the transactions and brief answers to those questions. For more detailed information about the matters discussed in these questions and answers, see “The Transactions” beginning on page 71, “Business Combination Agreement” beginning on page 108 and “Separation and Distribution Agreement” beginning on page 135. These questions and answers, as well as the summary beginning on page 11, are not meant to be a substitute for the information contained in the remainder of this document, and this information is qualified in its entirety by the more detailed descriptions and explanations contained elsewhere in this document. You are urged to read this document in its entirety. Additional important information is also contained in the annexes to this document. You should pay special attention to the “Risk Factors” beginning on page 38 and “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” beginning on page 68.

 

Q:

Why am I receiving these materials?

 

A:

You are receiving these materials because you are a holder of Pfizer common stock. Pfizer and Mylan have agreed to combine Pfizer’s Upjohn Business with Mylan in a series of transactions subject to the terms and conditions of the Separation and Distribution Agreement and the Business Combination Agreement. Copies of the Separation and Distribution Agreement and the Business Combination Agreement are attached as Annexes A and B, respectively. This document is an information statement of Newco to be provided to the Pfizer stockholders in connection with the Distribution.

This document contains important information about the Separation, the Distribution, the Combination and the transactions comprising it. You should read it carefully.

 

Q:

What are the transactions described in this document?

 

A:

On July 29, 2019, Pfizer and Newco entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, and, on the same day, Pfizer, Newco and Mylan and certain of their affiliates entered into a Business Combination Agreement. These agreements provide for Pfizer to combine the Upjohn Business with Mylan in a Reverse Morris Trust transaction. The principal transactions to effect the Reverse Morris transaction include the following:

 

   

Separation. Pfizer will contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from the remainder of Pfizer’s businesses (the “Separation”).

 

   

Distribution. Following the Separation, Pfizer will distribute all of the issued and outstanding shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer by way of pro rata dividend (the “Distribution”). The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be distributed in the Distribution will be such that, after the Combination described below, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will hold 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination (as defined below). References in this document to the percentage ownership of fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock by Pfizer stockholders and former Mylan shareholders upon completion of the transactions assumes that such percentages are determined excluding any overlaps in the pre-transactions securityholder bases.

 

   

Combination. Immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will engage in a strategic business combination transaction in which Mylan shareholders will receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share held by such Mylan shareholder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (the “Combination”). The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be issued in the Combination will be such that, after the Combination, Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will hold 43% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

 

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Newco, which will be the parent entity of the combined Upjohn Business and Mylan business, will be renamed “Viatris,” effective as of the closing of the Combination. It is expected that there will be approximately 1.2 billion shares of Newco common stock outstanding immediately after the Combination (calculated based on the estimated maximum number of 526,700,740 Mylan ordinary shares expected to be exchanged for Newco common stock in connection with the Combination). Newco common stock will be listed on the NASDAQ under a ticker symbol to be determined.

 

Q:

What is a Reverse Morris Trust transaction?

 

A:

A Reverse Morris Trust transaction structure allows a parent company (in this case, Pfizer) to divest a subsidiary (in this case, Newco) in a tax-efficient manner. The first step of such a transaction is a distribution of the subsidiary’s stock to the parent company stockholders (in this case, Pfizer’s distribution of the stock of Newco to the Pfizer stockholders in the Distribution) in a transaction that is generally tax-free under Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Internal Revenue Code”). The distributed subsidiary then combines with a third party (in this case, Mylan through the Combination). Such a transaction can qualify as generally tax-free for U.S. federal income tax purposes for the parent company and its stockholders if the transaction structure meets all applicable requirements, including that the parent company stockholders own more than 50% of the stock of the combined entity immediately after the combination.

For information about the material U.S. federal income tax consequences resulting from the Distribution, see “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” beginning on page 101.

 

Q:

What will happen in the Separation?

 

A:

Pfizer and certain of Pfizer’s subsidiaries will engage in a series of transactions so that Pfizer’s Upjohn Business is held by Newco and its subsidiaries and is separated from the remainder of Pfizer’s businesses. We refer to these transactions as the “Separation.” In connection with the Separation and as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco, Newco will make a cash payment of $12 billion to Pfizer, which this document refers to as the “Cash Distribution,” and will issue to Pfizer additional shares of Newco common stock. See “The Transactions” and “Separation and Distribution Agreement—Transfer of Assets and Assumption of Liabilities.”

 

Q:

What will happen in the Distribution?

 

A:

After the Separation, Pfizer will distribute to its stockholders all of the issued and outstanding shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer by way of a pro rata dividend. This document refers to the distribution of the shares of Newco common stock as the “Distribution.”

This document assumes that Pfizer will effect the Distribution by way of a spin-off. In a spin-off, the board of directors of Pfizer (the “Pfizer Board”) will establish a record date and a distribution date, and each holder of Pfizer common stock as of the record date for the spin-off will receive a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to (a) the quotient of (i) the number of shares of Pfizer common stock held by the stockholder as of the record date divided by (ii) the total number of shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding on the record date multiplied by (b) the number of shares of Newco common stock (the “Distribution Shares”) equal to (i) the number of fully diluted Mylan ordinary shares (calculated as described in the Business Combination Agreement) multiplied by the quotient of 57% divided by 43% minus (ii) the number of shares of Newco common stock underlying certain awards under Newco’s stock plan that will be granted to employees of the Upjohn Business who held certain outstanding and unvested Pfizer equity awards immediately before the time at which the Distribution occurs.

Pfizer has the option to effect the Distribution by way of a split-off instead of a spin-off. If Pfizer elects to effect the Distribution pursuant to a split-off, Pfizer would offer to holders of Pfizer common stock the right

 

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to exchange all or a portion of their Pfizer common stock for a number of Distribution Shares (which, in the aggregate, may not be all of the Distribution Shares) under terms to be determined by Pfizer in its discretion, including the number of shares of Newco common stock that will be offered for each validly tendered share of Pfizer common stock, the period during which the exchange offer will remain open and the procedures for the tender and exchange of shares. If some shares of Newco common stock offered in the exchange offer are not subscribed for, then all of the remaining shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer will be distributed as a pro rata dividend to Pfizer stockholders whose shares of Pfizer common stock remain outstanding after the consummation of the exchange offer. If a split-off is ultimately selected by Pfizer, then Newco will file a registration statement on Form S-4 for the split-off, and Pfizer will file a Schedule TO for the split-off. See “The Transactions” and “Separation and Distribution Agreement—The Distribution.”

Pfizer may elect to effect the Distribution by way of a split-off instead of a spin-off if it determines that doing so would be in the best interests of Pfizer and its stockholders, based on market conditions prior to closing, including, but not limited to, the relative valuation and market price of shares of common stock of Pfizer and Mylan, the implied valuation of the Upjohn Business, the likelihood of demand from Pfizer stockholders for shares of Newco common stock to be issued in the Distribution, and the assessment by Pfizer and its financial advisors of the likelihood of sufficient tenders of shares of Pfizer common stock in a split-off. It is not expected that Pfizer’s decision to effect the Distribution through a split-off instead of a spin-off would have a material impact on the combined company or on Mylan’s shareholders.

 

Q:

What will happen in the Combination?

 

A:

Immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will engage in a strategic business combination transaction in which Mylan shareholders will receive Newco common stock. The Combination shall occur through the following steps:

 

   

First, Mylan will engage in a legal triangular merger under Dutch law (the “Mylan Merger”), in which Mylan will merge with and into Mylan II B.V. (“Mylan Newco Sub”), with Mylan Newco Sub surviving as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan I B.V. (“Mylan Newco”). In the Mylan Merger, each Mylan ordinary share would be replaced by one Mylan Newco ordinary share. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will not be listed. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will be in existence only until the dissolution and liquidation of Mylan Newco has been completed as described below. After the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (as defined below) has been made, we do not expect there to be any further distributions in respect of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares, nor do we expect any Mylan Newco shareholder meeting to be held at which Mylan Newco shareholders could exercise voting rights.

 

   

Second, Mylan Newco will sell and transfer to Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., which is an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Newco (“Acquisition Sub”), all of the outstanding shares of Mylan Newco Sub in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock (the “Exchangeable Note”) (such sale and transfer, the “Share Sale”).

 

   

Third, Mylan Newco will be dissolved and liquidated in accordance with Dutch law and each holder of Mylan Newco ordinary shares (i.e., former holders of Mylan ordinary shares) will, upon distribution of the Exchangeable Note, receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan Newco ordinary share held by such holder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (the “Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution”) (such liquidation, the “Mylan Newco Liquidation”).

The Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution may be subject to Dutch dividend withholding tax to the extent the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, exceeds the average paid up capital recognized for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares, as of the closing. The average paid up capital recognized for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares

 

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shall at the Mylan Merger Effective Time, either amount to (a) the paid up capital recognized for Dutch dividend withholding taxes of the Mylan ordinary shares immediately prior to the Mylan Merger (i.e., approximately EUR 26 billion, updated for any relevant transactions between June 30, 2019 and the Mylan Merger) or, if lower, (b) the value (in EUR) of all issued and outstanding Mylan ordinary shares immediately prior to the Mylan Merger. The value of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution in principle reflects the value (in EUR) of all issued and outstanding Mylan ordinary shares immediately prior to the Mylan Merger.

As a result, and assuming (i) the trading price of the Mylan ordinary shares at the time of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution will not be significantly higher than the current trading price of the Mylan ordinary shares, (ii) the value of the EUR to the USD at the time of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution will not be significantly lower than the current value of the EUR to the USD, (iii) no material negative changes will occur in the amount of paid up capital recognized for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of Mylan between June 30, 2019 and the time of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, and (iv) the Mylan Merger, the Share Sale, the Mylan Newco Liquidation and the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (including the distribution of Newco common stock to Mylan Newco shareholders in connection with the automatic and mandatory exchange of the Exchangeable Note) will be effectuated as contemplated in the Business Combination Agreement, the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution shall be made free of withholding or deduction of Dutch dividend withholding tax.

If, contrary to Mylan’s expectations, Dutch dividend withholding tax is to be withheld in respect of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, Section 3.5(b) of the Business Combination Agreement provides that the Exchange Agent (as defined in the Business Combination Agreement) shall sell in one or more transactions, for the benefit of the holders of Mylan Newco ordinary shares, such number of shares of Newco common stock to which the holder of Mylan Newco ordinary shares, would otherwise be entitled as is necessary to obtain net cash proceeds to pay the Dutch dividend withholding tax due in respect of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution to the Dutch tax authorities. This would result in the Mylan Newco shareholders (i.e., former Mylan shareholders) receiving fewer shares of Newco common stock than they would receive if no Dutch dividend withholding tax applies to the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution.

If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code (generally, six months after the announcement in a Dutch nationally distributed daily newspaper that the merger proposal with respect to the Mylan Merger has been deposited with the Dutch trade registry and disclosed for public inspection), then, unless otherwise mutually determined by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, the Combination shall occur through the “Alternative Transaction Structure,” which entails the following steps:

 

   

First, Mylan will sell and transfer to Acquisition Sub all of Mylan’s assets and liabilities, in exchange for the Exchangeable Note (the “Asset Sale”).

 

   

Second, Mylan will be dissolved and liquidated in accordance with Dutch law and each holder of Mylan ordinary shares will receive, upon distribution of the Exchangeable Note, one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share held by such holder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (such liquidation, the “Mylan Liquidation”).

The Mylan Liquidation Distribution (as defined below) may be subject to Dutch dividend withholding tax to the extent the Mylan Liquidation Distribution exceeds the average paid up capital recognized for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of the Mylan ordinary shares. Mylan has calculated the amount of paid up capital recognized for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of Mylan as of June 30, 2019 (the “Calculation”). Pursuant to the Calculation, the paid up capital recognized for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of Mylan as of June 30, 2019 amounts to approximately EUR 26 billion. On January 13, 2020 the Dutch tax authorities formally confirmed the Calculation. Therefore, assuming (i) the trading price of the Mylan ordinary shares will not be significantly higher than the

 

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current trading price of the Mylan ordinary shares, (ii) the value of the EUR to the USD will not be significantly lower than the current value of the EUR to the USD, each at the time of the Mylan Liquidation and (iii) no material negative changes will occur in the amount of paid up capital recognized for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of Mylan between June 30, 2019 and the time of the Mylan Liquidation Distribution, Mylan does not expect any Dutch dividend withholding tax to apply to the Mylan Liquidation Distribution. If, contrary to Mylan’s expectations, the Dutch dividend withholding tax is to be withheld in respect of the Mylan Liquidation Distribution, the Mylan shareholders will receive fewer shares of Newco common stock than they would receive if no Dutch dividend withholding tax applies to the Mylan Liquidation Distribution.

The Asset Sale component of the Alternative Transaction Structure is likely to involve a transfer on sale for U.K. stamp duty purposes as further described under the risk factor entitled “The Combination could result in U.K. stamp duty becoming payable by Acquisition Sub.” As set forth in the Business Combination Agreement, Mylan and Pfizer have agreed to consider any U.K. stamp duty or stamp duty reserve tax implications of the Combination (including, if relevant, the Alternative Transaction Structure), and, unless otherwise agreed, for Mylan to apply for confirmation from HM Revenue and Customs that the Mylan Merger should not give rise to U.K. stamp duty or stamp duty reserve tax.

See “The Transactions” and “Business Combination Agreement—The Combination.”

 

Q:

Why did Mylan and Pfizer decide that Newco would be organized in Delaware as opposed to being organized in the Netherlands?

 

A:

It was determined that Newco will be organized in Delaware for the following primary reasons:

 

   

In the course of negotiations with respect to the transactions, representatives of Pfizer expressed to representatives of Mylan a desire to have Newco organized in the United States, including because domiciling Newco in the United States allows for more certainty with respect to the tax treatment of the transactions to Pfizer and its stockholders.

 

   

The Mylan Board’s understanding that the inefficiencies of being tax resident in the United States, relative to other jurisdictions, have been reduced as a result of recent U.S. tax reform legislation.

 

   

After agreeing that Newco would be organized in the United States, Pfizer and Mylan further agreed that organizing Newco in Delaware, which is well recognized for stable and balanced corporate laws and jurisprudence that are familiar to many U.S. investors, will provide Newco with an effective platform from which to operate and provide value for all Newco’s stockholders as well as its other stakeholders, including employees, creditors, customers, suppliers, relevant patient populations and communities in which Newco operates.

 

   

The Mylan Board’s belief that having Newco organized in Delaware and subject to a U.S.-style, stockholder centric governance model is consistent with views expressed to Mylan by a number of Mylan shareholders.

See the sections entitled “The Transactions—Background of the Combination” and “The Mylan Board’s Reasons for the Combination” for a discussion of the negotiations and decision to organize Newco in Delaware. See the section entitled “Comparison of the Rights of Mylan Shareholders and Newco Stockholders” for a comparison of the rights associated with Mylan ordinary shares against the rights as associated with Mylan ordinary shares.

 

Q:

Will the Distribution and the Combination occur on the same day?

 

A:

Yes. The Combination is expected to occur immediately following the Distribution on the same day, New York City time.

 

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Q:

Who will serve on the Newco Board following completion of the Combination?

 

A:

The Business Combination Agreement provides that, as of the closing of the Combination, the board of directors of Newco (the “Newco Board”) will consist of 13 members, consisting of:

 

   

the Executive Chairman of Newco, who will be Robert J. Coury (current Chairman of the Mylan Board);

 

   

the Chief Executive Officer of Newco, who will be Michael Goettler (current Global President of the Upjohn Business);

 

   

eight persons designated by Mylan before the closing date; and

 

   

three persons designated by Pfizer before the closing date (after consultation in good faith with Mylan). On December 18, 2019, Pfizer and Mylan announced that Ian Read and James Kilts (current director of Pfizer) will join the Newco Board upon completion of the Combination. Messrs. Read and Kilts were designated by Pfizer. Mr. Kilts will cease to be a member of the Pfizer Board immediately upon the closing of the Combination.

See “The Transactions” and “Business Combination Agreement—Post-Combination Governance and Management.”

 

Q:

Who will manage Newco after the Combination?

 

A:

The Business Combination Agreement provides that, as of the closing of the Combination,

 

   

Robert J. Coury will become the Executive Chairman of Newco;

 

   

Michael Goettler will become the Chief Executive Officer of Newco;

 

   

Rajiv Malik, Mylan’s President, will become the President of Newco; and

 

   

the Chief Financial Officer of Newco will be selected jointly by Mylan and Pfizer following a search initiated by Mylan.

See “The Transactions—Board of Directors and Executive Officers of Newco Following the Combination.”

 

Q:

Will Newco incur indebtedness in connection with the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination?

 

A:

Yes. In connection with the transactions, Newco has obtained financing commitments from certain financial institutions that will permit Newco to incur borrowings in an aggregate principal amount of up to $12 billion. Newco may issue debt securities or incur other long-term debt financing in lieu of borrowing under the financing commitments. Newco expects to use the proceeds of such financings to make the Cash Distribution to Pfizer. See “Description of Financing.”

 

Q:

Is the completion of the Combination subject to any conditions?

 

A:

Yes. The respective obligations of each party to conduct the closing of the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement are subject to the fulfillment (or, to the extent permitted by applicable law, waiver) of certain conditions specified in the Business Combination Agreement. See “Business Combination Agreement—Conditions to the Combination.”

 

Q:

How will the rights of Pfizer stockholders change after the Combination?

 

A:

The rights of Pfizer stockholders with respect to their Pfizer common stock will not change as a result of the Combination, except that their shares of Pfizer common stock will represent an interest in Pfizer, which no longer will own the Upjohn Business.

 

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Shares of Newco common stock will represent an interest in a company that holds both the Upjohn Business and Mylan’s businesses. Upon completion of the Mylan Merger, Mylan ordinary shares will no longer be listed for trading on the NASDAQ, but Newco common stock will be listed on the NASDAQ under a ticker symbol to be determined.

 

Q:

What are the material U.S. federal income tax consequences to Pfizer stockholders from the Distribution?

 

A:

The consummation of the Distribution, the Combination and certain related transactions is conditioned upon Pfizer’s receipt of a private letter ruling by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS,” and such private letter ruling the “IRS Ruling”) and an opinion of its tax counsel, Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP (the “Tax Opinion”), each to the effect that the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, will qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution will qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code and the distribution of the proceeds of the Cash Distribution by Pfizer to Pfizer creditors or shareholders (the “Pfizer Distribution Payments”) will qualify as money distributed to Pfizer creditors or stockholders in connection with the reorganization for purposes of Section 361(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. Assuming that the Distribution and related transactions and the Pfizer Distribution Payments so qualify, Pfizer and its stockholders will not recognize any taxable income, gain or loss as a result of the Distribution for U.S. federal income tax purposes, except for any cash received in lieu of any fractional shares.

See “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” beginning on page 101 of this document for a more detailed description of the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Distribution.

 

Q:

What will happen to outstanding Mylan equity awards in the Combination?

 

A:

Each Mylan equity award outstanding as of immediately prior to the Effective Time will be converted into an equity award with respect to a number of shares of Newco common stock. See “Business Combination Agreement—Treatment of Mylan Equity Awards” beginning on page 114 of this document for a more detailed description of the treatment of Mylan equity awards in the Combination.

 

Q:

What will happen to outstanding Pfizer equity awards in the Distribution?

 

A:

Pfizer equity awards held by Pfizer employees who move to Newco will generally be vested pro rata as of immediately prior to the Distribution and settle in accordance with the existing terms of such awards, and such employees will receive a grant of a replacement award from Newco based on the value of the portion of the Pfizer equity award that is forfeited, with such replacement award to generally be subject to the same terms and conditions as the corresponding forfeited Pfizer equity award. Pfizer equity awards held by current and former employees and non-employee directors of Pfizer, as well as Pfizer awards held by Newco employees that remain outstanding following the Distribution, will generally remain denominated in shares of Pfizer common stock, and Pfizer will adjust the terms of such awards as it determines to be appropriate to preserve the value of such awards in connection with the Distribution.

For a more complete discussion of the treatment of Pfizer equity awards, see “Additional Transaction Agreements—Employee Matters Agreement” beginning on page 145.

 

Q:

Does Mylan have to pay anything to Pfizer if the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement are not approved by the Mylan shareholders or if the Business Combination Agreement is otherwise terminated?

 

A:

Yes. If the Business Combination Agreement is terminated because Mylan shareholder approval is not obtained, then Mylan will reimburse Pfizer for up to $96 million of the aggregate out-of-pocket costs, fees and expenses incurred by Pfizer in connection with the Business Combination Agreement.

 

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Mylan is required to pay Pfizer a termination fee of $322 million in the aggregate if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated under certain circumstances. For a discussion of the circumstances under which the termination fee is payable by Mylan or the requirement to reimburse expenses applies, see “The Transactions” and “Business Combination Agreement—Termination, Amendment and Waiver”. In addition, if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated, Mylan shall pay Pfizer 43% of the Financing Obligations (as defined in the Business Combination Agreement) and indemnify and hold harmless Pfizer, its subsidiaries and its and their representatives from and against 43% of certain losses actually suffered or incurred by them in connection with the Financing or the Permanent Financing (each as defined in “—Description of Financing”). For a discussion of financing-related payments, see “Business Combination Agreement—Financing.”

 

Q:

Does Pfizer have to pay anything to Mylan if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated?

 

A:

No. Pfizer will not have to pay Mylan anything if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated.

 

Q:

Are there risks associated with the transactions?

 

A:

Yes. Pfizer, Newco and Mylan may not realize the expected benefits of the transactions because of the risks and uncertainties discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 38 of this document and the section entitled “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” beginning on page 68 of this document. These risks include, among others, risks relating to the uncertainty that the transactions will close, the uncertainty that the combined company will achieve expected benefits, including synergies in amounts and on the schedules anticipated, and uncertainties relating to the performance of Pfizer and the combined company after the transactions.

 

Q:

Can Mylan shareholders or Pfizer stockholders demand appraisal of their shares in connection with the transactions?

 

A:

No. Neither Mylan shareholders nor Mylan Newco shareholders are entitled under Dutch law or otherwise to appraisal or dissenters’ rights related to the Mylan ordinary shares or Mylan Newco ordinary shares in connection with the Combination.

Pfizer stockholders are not entitled to appraisal rights in connection with the Separation, the Distribution or the Combination.

 

Q:

When will the transactions be completed?

 

A:

The transactions are currently anticipated to close in mid-2020, subject to approval by Mylan shareholders and customary closing conditions, including receipt of regulatory approvals.

 

Q:

What will Pfizer stockholders be entitled to receive pursuant to the Distribution and the Combination?

 

A:

As a result of the Distribution, Pfizer stockholders will receive in the aggregate a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to a number of shares so that Pfizer stockholders will hold 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock immediately following the Combination.

This document assumes that Pfizer will effect the Distribution by way of a spin-off. In a spin-off, Pfizer will distribute, on a pro rata basis, all of the Distribution Shares to Pfizer stockholders as of the record date for the Distribution. Each holder of Pfizer common stock as of the record date will receive a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the Distribution Shares multiplied by the quotient of (i) the number of shares of Pfizer common stock held by such stockholder as of the record date divided by (ii) the total number of shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding on the record date.

 

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Based on the number of shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding and the number of Mylan ordinary shares outstanding, calculated on a fully diluted, as-converted and as-exercised basis in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement, in each case as of                 , and assuming that Pfizer distributes 100% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock to Pfizer stockholders in the Distribution, if the Distribution and the Combination had occurred on                 , a Pfizer stockholder would have received                  share of Newco common stock for every one share of Pfizer common stock held by such Pfizer stockholder on the record date for the Distribution (representing in the aggregate 57% of the fully diluted shares of Newco common stock outstanding immediately following the Combination, assuming the Combination had occurred on                 ).

Pfizer has the option to effect the Distribution by way of a split-off instead of a spin-off. If Pfizer elects to effect the Distribution pursuant to a split-off, Pfizer would offer to holders of Pfizer common stock the option to exchange all or a portion of their Pfizer common stock for a number of Distribution Shares (which, in the aggregate, may not be all of the Distribution Shares) under terms to be determined by Pfizer in its discretion, including the number of shares of Newco common stock that will be offered for each validly tendered share of Pfizer common stock, the period during which the exchange offer will remain open and the procedures for the tender and exchange of shares. If some shares of Newco common stock offered in the exchange offer are not subscribed for, then all of the remaining shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer will be distributed as a pro rata dividend to Pfizer stockholders whose shares of Pfizer common stock remain outstanding after the consummation of the exchange offer.

If Pfizer decides to effect the Distribution through a split-off instead of a spin-off, this registration statement will be amended to reflect this decision and any necessary changes, if any. If a split-off is ultimately selected by Pfizer, Newco will file a separate Form S-4 for the split-off, and Pfizer will file a Schedule TO for the split-off. See “The Transactions” and “Separation and Distribution Agreement—The Distribution.”

 

Q:

Has Pfizer set a record date for the Distribution?

 

A:

No. Pfizer will publicly announce the record date for the Distribution once the record date has been determined by the Pfizer Board. This announcement will be made before the completion of the Distribution and the Combination.

 

Q:

What will happen to the shares of Pfizer common stock owned by Pfizer stockholders?

 

A:

Holders of Pfizer common stock will retain all of their shares of Pfizer common stock.

 

Q:

How will shares of Newco common stock be distributed to Pfizer stockholders?

 

A:

Holders of Pfizer common stock on the record date for the Distribution will receive, in the Distribution, shares of Newco common stock in book-entry form. Pfizer stockholders of record will receive additional information from Pfizer’s distribution agent shortly after the closing of the Combination. Beneficial holders will receive information from their brokerage firms or other nominees.

 

Q:

Will Pfizer stockholders who sell their shares of Pfizer common stock shortly before the completion of the Distribution and the Combination still be entitled to receive shares of Newco common stock with respect to the shares of Pfizer common stock that were sold?

 

A:

It is currently expected that, before the Distribution, and continuing through the business day immediately preceding the closing date (or continuing through the closing date if the Combination closes after the close of trading in Pfizer common stock on the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) and Mylan ordinary shares on the NASDAQ on the closing date), there will be two markets in Pfizer common stock on the NYSE: a “regular way” market and an “ex-distribution” market.

 

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If a Pfizer stockholder sells shares of Pfizer common stock in the “regular way” market under the ticker symbol “PFE” during this time period, that Pfizer stockholder will be selling both his or her shares of Pfizer common stock and the right (represented by a “due-bill”) to receive shares of Newco common stock in the Distribution. Pfizer stockholders should consult their brokers before selling their shares of Pfizer common stock in the “regular way” market during this time period to be sure they understand the effect of the NYSE “due-bill” procedures. The NYSE “due-bill” process is not managed, operated or controlled by Pfizer, Newco or Mylan.

If a Pfizer stockholder sells shares of Pfizer common stock in the “ex-distribution” market during this time period, that Pfizer stockholder will be selling only his or her shares of Pfizer common stock, and will retain the right to receive shares of Newco common stock in the Distribution. It is currently expected that “ex-distribution” trades of Pfizer common stock will settle within three business days after the closing date of the Combination and that if the Combination is not completed, all trades in this “ex-distribution” market will be cancelled.

After the closing date, shares of Pfizer common stock will no longer trade in this “ex-distribution” market, and shares of Pfizer common stock that are sold in the “regular way” market will no longer reflect the right to receive shares of Newco common stock.

 

Q:

Are Pfizer stockholders required to do anything?

 

A:

Pfizer stockholders are not required to take any action to approve the Separation, the Distribution or the Combination and the Pfizer Board has already approved the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination. However, Pfizer stockholders should carefully read this document, which contains important information about the Separation, the Distribution, the Combination, Newco and Mylan.

 

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SUMMARY

This summary, together with the section titled “Questions and Answers About the Transactions” immediately preceding this summary, provides a summary of the material terms of the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination. These sections highlight selected information contained in this document and may not include all the information that is important to you. You should read this entire document carefully, including the annexes, as well as those additional documents to which we refer you. See also “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”

The Companies (see “Information about Mylan,” “Information about Pfizer” and “Information about the Upjohn Business” beginning on pages 150, 151 and 152, respectively).

Mylan N.V.

Building 4, Trident Place, Mosquito Way

Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL10 9UL, England

+44 (0) 1707-853-000

Mylan was originally incorporated as a private limited liability company in the Netherlands in 2014 and subsequently became a public limited liability company in the Netherlands on February 27, 2015, and is the successor to Mylan Inc., which has been in existence for more than 50 years. Mylan N.V., along with its subsidiaries, is a global pharmaceutical company committed to setting new standards in healthcare. Working together around the world to provide seven billion people access to the broadest range of high-quality, affordable medicine, Mylan innovates to satisfy unmet needs; makes reliability and service excellence a habit; does what’s right, not what’s easy; and impacts the future through passionate global leadership. Mylan offers a growing portfolio of more than 7,500 products, including prescription generic, branded generic, brand-name drugs and over-the-counter remedies. In addition, Mylan offers a wide range of antiretroviral therapies, upon which nearly 50% of HIV/AIDS patients in developing countries depend. Mylan markets its products in more than 165 countries and territories. Every member of Mylan’s approximately 35,000-strong global workforce is dedicated to delivering better health for a better world.

Mylan I B.V.

Krijgsman 20

1186 DM Amstelveen, The Netherlands

+44 (0) 1707-853-000

Mylan Newco is a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan. Mylan Newco was incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands on July 25, 2019 for the purposes of effecting certain elements of the transactions in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement. Mylan Newco has not carried on any activities other than in connection with the Business Combination Agreement.

Mylan II B.V.

Krijgsman 20

1186 DM Amstelveen, The Netherlands

+44 (0) 1707-853-000

Mylan Newco Sub is a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan Newco. Mylan Newco Sub was incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands on July 25, 2019 for the purposes of effecting certain elements of the transactions in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement. Mylan Newco Sub has not carried on any activities other than in connection with the Business Combination Agreement.

 

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Pfizer Inc.

235 East 42nd Street

New York, New York 10017

+1 (212) 733-3451

Pfizer is a research-based, global biopharmaceutical company. Pfizer applies science and its global resources to bring therapies to people that extend and significantly improve their lives through the discovery, development and manufacture of healthcare products, including innovative medicines and vaccines. Pfizer works across developed and emerging markets to advance wellness, prevention, treatments and cures that challenge the most feared diseases of our time. Pfizer collaborates with healthcare providers, governments and local communities to support and expand access to reliable, affordable healthcare around the world. Pfizer’s revenues are derived from the sale of its products and, to a much lesser extent, from alliance agreements, under which it co-promotes products discovered or developed by other companies or itself. The majority of Pfizer’s revenues come from the manufacture and sale of biopharmaceutical products. Pfizer was incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware on June 2, 1942.

Upjohn Inc.

c/o Pfizer Inc.

235 East 42nd Street

New York, New York 10017

+1 (212) 733-3451

Newco is a recently formed corporation, organized in the State of Delaware on February 14, 2019, which is currently a wholly owned subsidiary of Pfizer and will hold, via its subsidiaries, the Upjohn Business at the time of the Distribution. Effective as of closing of the Combination, Newco will be renamed “Viatris” and will operate both Mylan and the Upjohn Business. In connection with the Separation, Pfizer will cause certain assets and liabilities to be conveyed to Newco and entities that are or will become subsidiaries of Newco pursuant to an internal restructuring in order to separate the Upjohn Business from Pfizer’s other businesses, and will then distribute all of the shares of Newco common stock pro rata to Pfizer stockholders entitled to shares of Newco common stock in the Distribution. Pfizer, Newco and Mylan will effect the Combination through a Reverse Morris Trust transaction structure. A Reverse Morris Trust transaction structure generally involves the spin-off or split-off of a subsidiary, usually by means of a distribution of, or an exchange offer for, common stock of such subsidiary, by the subsidiary’s parent company to its stockholders, and the immediately subsequent merger or other combination of the subsidiary with a third party. The first step of the Reverse Morris Trust transaction will be the distribution of all the shares of Newco common stock to Pfizer stockholders, and the second step will be the business combination transaction in which the Upjohn Business and Mylan will combine, with Newco becoming the parent of the combined company as a result of the business combination transaction. Pfizer and its stockholders are not expected to recognize any taxable income, gain or loss as a result of the Distribution for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The Combination is expected to be a taxable transaction to Mylan shareholders. For more information regarding the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Distribution, see “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” beginning on page 101.

The Upjohn Business currently operates as a business unit within Pfizer and through certain subsidiaries of Pfizer. The Upjohn Business is a global leader in the commercialization and manufacturing of pharmaceutical products, and has a portfolio of 20 globally recognized pharmaceutical brands as well as a U.S.-based generics platform, Greenstone.



 

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Utah Acquisition Sub Inc.

c/o Pfizer Inc.

235 East 42nd Street

New York, New York 10017

+1 (212) 733-3451

Acquisition Sub is an indirectly wholly owned subsidiary of Newco. Acquisition Sub was organized in the State of Delaware on July 25, 2019 for the purposes of effecting certain elements of the Combination in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement. Acquisition Sub has not carried on any activities other than in connection with the Business Combination Agreement.

The Transactions (see “The Transactions” beginning on page 71).

On July 29, 2019, Pfizer and Newco entered into the Separation and Distribution Agreement, and, on the same day, Pfizer, Newco and Mylan and certain of their affiliates entered into the Business Combination Agreement. These agreements provide for Pfizer to combine its global, primarily off-patent branded and generic established medicines business (the “Upjohn Business”) with Mylan in a Reverse Morris Trust transaction. The principal transactions to effect the Reverse Morris transaction include the following:

 

   

Separation. Pfizer will contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from the remainder of Pfizer’s businesses (the “Separation”).

 

   

Distribution. Following the Separation, Pfizer will distribute all of the issued and outstanding shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer by way of pro rata dividend (the “Distribution”). The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be distributed in the Distribution will be such that, after the Combination (as defined below) described below, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will hold 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

 

   

Combination. Immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will engage in a strategic business combination transaction in which Mylan shareholders will receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share held by such Mylan shareholder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (the “Combination”). The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be issued in the Combination will be such that, after the Combination, Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will hold 43% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

Newco, which will be the parent entity of the combined Upjohn Business and Mylan business, will be renamed “Viatris” effective as of the closing of the Combination. It is expected that there will be approximately 1.2 billion shares of Newco common stock outstanding immediately after the Combination (calculated based on the estimated maximum number of 526,700,740 Mylan ordinary shares expected to be exchanged for Newco common stock in connection with the Combination). Newco common stock will be listed on the NASDAQ under a ticker symbol to be determined.

In connection with the transactions, Pfizer and Newco will enter into several other agreements to provide a framework for their relationship after the Distribution. These agreements provide for the allocation between Pfizer, on the one hand, and Newco, on the other hand, of certain assets, liabilities and obligations related to the Upjohn Business and will govern the relationship between Pfizer and Newco after the Distribution, including with respect to employee matters, intellectual property rights, transitional services, manufacturing and supply arrangements and tax matters.

For a more complete discussion of the agreements related to the transactions, see “Business Combination Agreement,” “Separation and Distribution Agreement” and “Additional Transaction Agreements.”



 

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Overview (see “The Transactions” beginning on page 71).

Below is a description of the sequence of principal transactions relating to the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination:

 

Step 1 (Contribution):

Pfizer will engage in a series of transactions to contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from Pfizer’s other businesses.

 

Step 2 (Cash Distribution):

Newco will make a cash payment to Pfizer equal to $12 billion, which this document refers to as the “Cash Distribution,” as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business from Pfizer to Newco. Newco has obtained financing commitments from certain financial institutions that will permit Newco to incur borrowings in an aggregate principal amount of up to $12 billion. Newco may issue debt securities or incur other long-term debt financing in lieu of borrowing under the financing commitments. Newco expects to use the proceeds of such financings to make the Cash Distribution. The anticipated material terms of the financing, based on the current expectations of Newco and Mylan, are described in more detail under “Description of Financing.” After the Distribution, Pfizer will effect the Pfizer Distribution Payments by using the proceeds of the Cash Distribution to (a) repurchase Pfizer common stock, (b) make pro rata special cash distributions to its stockholders and/or (c) repay or repurchase debt (including principal, interest and associated premiums and fees) held by third-party lenders.

 

  As partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco, Newco will also issue to Pfizer additional shares of Newco common stock such that the number of shares of Newco common stock then outstanding and held by Pfizer will be equal to the Distribution Shares, which is (a) the number of fully diluted Mylan ordinary shares (calculated as described in the Business Combination Agreement) multiplied by the quotient of 57% divided by 43% minus (b) the number of shares of Newco common stock underlying certain awards under Newco’s stock plan that will be granted to employees of the Upjohn Business who held certain outstanding and unvested Pfizer equity awards immediately before the time at which the Distribution occurs (the “Distribution Shares”).

 

Step 3 (Distribution):

Pfizer will distribute all of the Distribution Shares to Pfizer stockholders in a spin-off or a split-off. In a spin-off, Pfizer will effect the Distribution by distributing on a pro rata basis all of the Distribution Shares to Pfizer stockholders entitled to shares of Newco common stock in the Distribution as of the record date of the Distribution. In a split-off, Pfizer would offer its stockholders the option to exchange all or a portion of their shares of Pfizer common stock for shares of Newco common stock in an exchange offer, resulting in a reduction in shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding. If the exchange offer is undertaken and consummated, the remaining



 

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Distribution Shares, if any, would be distributed on a pro rata basis to Pfizer stockholders whose shares of Pfizer common stock remain outstanding after the consummation of the exchange offer.

 

  This document assumes that the Distribution will occur through a spin-off. If a split-off is ultimately selected by Pfizer, Newco will file a registration statement on Form S-4 for the split-off, and Pfizer will file a Schedule TO for the split-off.

 

Step 4 (Combination):

Under the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will effect the Combination through the following series of transactions:

 

   

First, Mylan will engage in a legal triangular merger under Dutch law (the “Mylan Merger”), in which Mylan will merge with and into Mylan II B.V. (“Mylan Newco Sub”), with Mylan Newco Sub surviving as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan I B.V. (“Mylan Newco”). In the Mylan Merger, each Mylan ordinary share would be replaced by one Mylan Newco ordinary share. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will not be listed. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will be in existence only until the dissolution and liquidation of Mylan Newco has been completed as described below. After the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (as defined in this document) has been made, we do not expect there to be any further distributions in respect of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares, nor do we expect any Mylan Newco shareholder meeting to be held at which Mylan Newco shareholders could exercise voting rights.

 

   

Second, Mylan Newco will sell and transfer to Acquisition Sub, an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Newco, or its designated nominee, all of the outstanding shares of Mylan Newco Sub in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares outstanding immediately after the effective time of the Mylan Merger (such sale and transfer, the “Share Sale”).

 

   

Third, Mylan Newco will be dissolved and liquidated in accordance with Dutch law and each holder of Mylan Newco ordinary shares will, upon distribution of the Exchangeable Note, receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan Newco ordinary share held by such holder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (such liquidation, the “Mylan Newco Liquidation”).

 

 

If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code (generally, six months after the announcement in a Dutch nationally distributed daily newspaper that the merger proposal with respect to the Mylan Merger has been deposited with the Dutch trade registry and disclosed for public inspection), then, unless otherwise mutually determined by



 

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Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, the Combination will occur through the following steps, which do not involve the Mylan Merger. This alternative transaction structure, which this document refers to as the “Alternative Transaction Structure,” consists of the following:

 

   

First, Mylan will sell and transfer to Acquisition Sub all of Mylan’s assets and liabilities, in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares outstanding immediately after the effective time of the Asset Sale (as defined below) (the “Mylan Exchangeable Note”) (such sale and transfer, the “Asset Sale”); and

 

   

Second, Mylan will be dissolved and liquidated in accordance with Dutch law and each holder of Mylan ordinary shares will, upon distribution of the Exchangeable Note, receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share held by such holder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (such liquidation, the “Mylan Liquidation”).

 

  Each step of the Combination is intended to be completed substantially concurrently, in the order indicated.

When the Distribution and Combination are completed, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will own 57% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, and Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will own 43% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, in each case on a fully diluted basis.

Set forth below are diagrams that graphically illustrate, in simplified form, the existing corporate structure, the corporate structure immediately following the Separation and the Distribution but before the Combination (both in the scenario that the Alternative Transaction Structure is not adopted and in the scenario that the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted), and the corporate structure immediately following the consummation of the Combination (both in the scenario that the Alternative Transaction Structure is not adopted and in the scenario that the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted).



 

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Pre-Distribution Structure

 

LOGO



 

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If the Alternative Transaction Structure Is Not Adopted: Structure Following the Distribution and Mylan Merger but Before the Share Sale and Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution

 

LOGO



 

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If the Alternative Transaction Structure Is Not Adopted: Structure Following the Share Sale and Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution

 

LOGO

 

*

Excludes overlap of Pfizer stockholders and Mylan shareholders



 

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If the Alternative Transaction Structure Is Adopted: Structure Following the Distribution but Before the Combination

 

LOGO



 

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Structure Following the Combination if the Alternative Transaction Structure Is Adopted

 

LOGO

 

*

Excludes overlap of Pfizer stockholders and Mylan shareholders

Conditions to the Transactions (see “Business Combination Agreement—Conditions to the Combination” beginning on page 131 and “Separation and Distribution Agreement—Conditions to the Distribution” beginning on page 139).

As more fully described in this document, the Separation and the Distribution are generally subject to the same closing conditions as the Combination, and the Combination is subject to consummation of the Separation and the Distribution, among other closing conditions.

Conditions to the Combination

The Business Combination Agreement provides that the respective obligations of each party to conduct the closing of the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement are subject to the fulfillment (or, to the extent permitted by applicable law, waiver) of the following conditions on or before the closing date:

 

   

any waiting period applicable to the Combination under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder (the “HSR Act”) has expired or been earlier terminated and competition law merger control clearance in the Required Jurisdictions (as defined under “—Regulatory Approvals”) has been obtained;



 

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the consummation of the Separation and the Distribution in accordance with the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement;

 

   

the effectiveness of the registration statement on Form S-4 filed by Newco to effect the registration of shares of Newco common stock that will be issued and distributed in the Mylan Newco Liquidation or Mylan Liquidation, as such registration may be amended or supplemented from time to time before the time at which the Distribution occurs, and the registration statement filed with the SEC of which this document forms a part, and the absence of any stop order issued by the SEC or any pending proceeding before the SEC seeking a stop order with respect thereto;

 

   

the approval of the listing of the Newco common stock to be issued in the Distribution and the Combination on the NYSE or the NASDAQ;

 

   

the approval and adoption by Mylan shareholders of the Combination Proposal (consisting of the Mylan Merger Resolution, the Share Sale Resolution, the Mylan Newco Liquidation Resolutions, the Alternative Transaction Resolutions and the Discharge Resolution) in accordance with applicable law (the “Mylan Shareholder Approval”) has been obtained; and

 

   

the absence of any law, governmental order or other action taken by a court of competent jurisdiction or other governmental authority prohibiting, enjoining, restraining or otherwise making illegal the Separation, the Distribution, the Combination or the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation Distribution).

Pfizer’s and Newco’s obligations to conduct the closing of the Combination are subject to the fulfillment (or waiver by Pfizer, to the extent permissible under applicable law) of the following additional conditions:

 

   

performance and compliance in all material respects by each of Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub (each, a “Mylan Party”) of all obligations and covenants, respectively, required to be performed or complied with, as applicable, by it under the Business Combination Agreement at or before the closing date;

 

   

the accuracy of the representations and warranties of the Mylan Parties contained in the Business Combination Agreement at and as of the date of the Business Combination Agreement and as of the closing date (except for any such representations and warranties made as of a particular date or period), generally subject to a material adverse effect standard or other materiality standard provided in the Business Combination Agreement;

 

   

receipt by Pfizer of a certificate of Mylan, executed on its behalf by a senior officer, certifying to the effect that the conditions referred to in the immediately preceding two bullets have been satisfied;

 

   

receipt by Pfizer of the IRS Ruling and the Tax Opinion; and

 

   

consummation of the Cash Distribution in accordance with the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

The Mylan Parties’ obligations to conduct the closing of the Combination are subject to the fulfillment (or waiver by Mylan, to the extent permissible under applicable law) of the following additional conditions:

 

   

performance and compliance in all material respects by Newco, Acquisition Sub and Pfizer of all obligations and covenants, respectively, required to be performed or complied with, as applicable, by it under the Business Combination Agreement at or before the closing date;

 

   

the accuracy of the representations and warranties of Pfizer contained in the Business Combination Agreement at and as of the date of the Business Combination Agreement and as of the closing date (except for any such representations and warranties made as of a particular date or period), generally subject to a material adverse effect standard or other materiality standard provided in the Business Combination Agreement; and



 

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receipt by Mylan of a certificate of Pfizer, executed on its behalf by a senior officer, certifying to the effect that the conditions referred to in the immediately preceding two bullets have been satisfied.

Conditions to the Separation and Distribution

Pfizer’s obligation to complete the Distribution is subject to the satisfaction or waiver of all the conditions to the Combination, as set forth in the Business Combination Agreement, other than the condition that the Distribution has been consummated (see “Business Combination Agreement—Conditions to the Combination”). Further, without Mylan’s prior written consent, the Distribution will not occur unless each of Pfizer and Newco will have executed and delivered, and caused each of their applicable subsidiaries to execute and deliver, as applicable, the Transition Services Agreements, the Tax Matters Agreement, the Employee Matters Agreement, the Manufacturing and Supply Agreements, the IP Matters Agreement and the Trademark License Agreement (together with the Specified Purchase Agreement (as defined in “Additional Transaction Agreements—Specified Purchase Agreement”), if executed, the “Ancillary Agreements,” and together with the Business Combination Agreement and the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the “Transaction Documents”) to which each of Pfizer, Newco or any applicable subsidiary is a party, and cause to be implemented and become effective certain of Newco’s organizational documents.

The Combination; Consideration (see “The Transactions” beginning on page 71).

Under the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, immediately following the Distribution, and unless the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, Newco and Mylan will combine through the Mylan Merger, the Share Sale and the Mylan Newco Liquidation, or, if the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code (generally, six months after the announcement in a Dutch nationally distributed daily newspaper that the merger proposal with respect to the Mylan Merger has been deposited with the Dutch trade registry and disclosed for public inspection), then, unless otherwise mutually determined by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, Newco and Mylan will be combined through the Alternative Transaction Structure consisting of the Asset Sale and the Mylan Liquidation.

In connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation, or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation, the Mylan shareholders will receive, as a liquidation distribution, a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares or Mylan ordinary shares, as applicable, held by such shareholder as of such time, reduced by any applicable withholding taxes, if any, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax. The exchange ratio of Newco common stock and Mylan Newco ordinary shares or Mylan ordinary shares, as applicable, equals one to one (the “Exchange Ratio”). The Business Combination Agreement provides that after the Distribution but before the Combination, the number of outstanding shares of Newco common stock will be equal to 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

When the Distribution and the Combination are completed, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will own 57% of the outstanding Newco common stock, and Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will own 43% of the outstanding Newco common stock, in each case on a fully diluted basis.

See “The Transactions—Calculation of the Combination Consideration.”

Treatment of Mylan Equity Awards (see “Business Combination Agreement—Treatment of Mylan Equity Awards” beginning on page 114).

 

   

Mylan Options and Mylan SARs: At the Effective Time, each option to purchase Mylan ordinary shares (a “Mylan Option”) or stock appreciation right in respect of Mylan ordinary shares (a “Mylan SAR”)



 

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that is outstanding as of immediately prior to the Effective Time will be converted into the right to receive, as of immediately following the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time, as applicable, an option to purchase shares of Newco common stock (a “Newco Option”) or a stock appreciation right in respect of shares of Newco common stock (a “Newco SAR”), as applicable, (a) with respect to a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares subject to such Mylan Option or Mylan SAR, as applicable, multiplied by the Exchange Ratio and (b) with an exercise price per share or base price per share, as applicable, equal to the exercise price per share or base price per share of such Mylan Option or Mylan SAR, as applicable, divided by the Exchange Ratio.

 

   

Mylan RSU Awards: At the Effective Time, each time-vesting restricted stock unit award in respect of Mylan ordinary shares (a “Mylan RSU Award”) that is outstanding as of immediately prior to the Effective Time will be converted into the right to receive, as of immediately following the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time, as applicable, a time-vesting restricted stock unit award in respect of shares of Newco common stock (a “Newco RSU Award”) in respect of a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares subject to such Mylan RSU Award multiplied by the Exchange Ratio.

 

   

Mylan PRSU Awards: At the Effective Time, each performance-vesting restricted stock unit in respect of Mylan ordinary shares (each, a “Mylan PRSU Award”) that is outstanding as of immediately prior to the Effective Time will be converted into the right to receive, as of immediately following the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time, as applicable, a Newco RSU Award in respect of a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares subject to such Mylan PRSU Award as of immediately prior to the Effective Time multiplied by the Exchange Ratio. The number of Mylan ordinary shares subject to a Mylan PRSU Award with a performance period that is incomplete as of immediately prior to the Effective Time will be determined assuming performance goals are satisfied at the target level. After the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time, as applicable, each such Newco RSU Award will be subject only to time-based vesting at the end of the originally scheduled performance period (or any later scheduled vesting date).

Each converted equity award described above will be subject to substantially the same terms and conditions as applied to the corresponding Mylan equity award immediately prior to the Effective Time, including with respect to the vesting and payment schedules of each such award (except, in the case of any converted Mylan PRSU Award, for any performance-based vesting conditions).

For a more complete discussion of the treatment of Mylan equity awards, see “Business Combination Agreement—Treatment of Mylan Equity Awards” beginning on page 114.

Treatment of Pfizer Equity Awards (see “Additional Transaction Agreements—Employee Matters Agreement” beginning on page 145).

Pfizer equity awards held by Pfizer employees who move to Newco will generally be vested pro rata as of immediately prior to the Distribution and settle in accordance with the existing terms of such awards and such employees will receive a grant of a replacement award from Newco based on the value of the portion of the Pfizer equity award that is forfeited, with such replacement award to generally be subject to the same terms and conditions as the corresponding forfeited Pfizer equity award. Pfizer equity awards held by current and former employees and non-employee directors of Pfizer, as well as Pfizer awards held by Newco employees that remain outstanding following the Distribution, will generally remain denominated in shares of Pfizer common stock, and Pfizer will adjust the terms of such awards as it determines to be appropriate to preserve the value of such awards in connection with the Distribution.



 

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For a more complete discussion of the treatment of Pfizer equity awards, see “Additional Transaction Agreements—Employee Matters Agreement” beginning on page 145.

Board of Directors and Executive Officers of Newco Following the Combination (see “The Transactions—Board of Directors and Executive Officers of Newco Following the Combination; Operations Following the Combination—Liquidity and Capital Resources of Newco Following the Combination” beginning on page 94).

The Business Combination Agreement provides that, as of the closing of the Combination, the Newco Board will consist of 13 members, including the Executive Chairman of Newco, who will be Robert J. Coury (current Chairman of the Mylan Board); the Chief Executive Officer of Newco, who will be Michael Goettler (current Global President of the Upjohn Business); eight persons designated by Mylan before the closing date; and three persons designated by Pfizer before the closing date (after consultation in good faith with Mylan). On December 18, 2019, Pfizer and Mylan announced that Ian Read and James Kilts (current director of Pfizer) will join the Newco Board upon completion of the Combination. Messrs. Read and Kilts were designated by Pfizer. Mr. Kilts will cease to be a member of the Pfizer Board immediately upon the closing of the Combination. The Executive Chairman of Newco will be in the class of directors whose term expires at the 2023 annual meeting of Newco stockholders, and each of the three persons designated by Pfizer will serve in a different class of directors.

The Business Combination Agreement provides that, as of the closing of the Combination, Robert J. Coury will become the Executive Chairman of Newco, Michael Goettler will become the Chief Executive Officer of Newco and Rajiv Malik, Mylan’s President, will become the President of Newco. The Chief Financial Officer of Newco will be selected jointly by Mylan and Pfizer following a search initiated by Mylan.

Risk Factors (see “Risk Factors” beginning on page 38).

You should carefully consider the matters described in the section “Risk Factors,” as well as other information included in this document and the other documents to which they have been referred.

Regulatory Approvals (see “The Transactions—Regulatory Approvals Related to the Combination” beginning on page 97).

Under the HSR Act and related rules, the Combination may not be completed until the parties have filed Notification and Report forms with the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (the “FTC”) and the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice (the “Antitrust Division”), and observed a specified statutory waiting period. Pfizer and Mylan filed Notification and Report forms with the FTC and the Antitrust Division on September 6, 2019. On October 7, 2019, Pfizer and Mylan each received a request for additional information from the FTC relating to the Combination. The effect of these requests, which were issued under the HSR Act, is to extend the waiting period imposed by the HSR Act until 30 days after Pfizer and Mylan have certified substantial compliance with the requests, unless the period is extended voluntarily by the parties or terminated earlier by the FTC. Pfizer and Mylan are also required to obtain antitrust clearance from the following antitrust authorities outside the United States as a condition precedent to the Combination (collectively, the “Required Jurisdictions”): the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, the Brazilian Administrative Council of Economic Defense, the Canadian Competition Bureau, the State Administration for Market Regulation in China, the European Commission, the Competition Commission of India, the Japan Fair Trade Commission, the Mexican Federal Economic Competition Commission, the Philippine Competition Commission, the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia, the Competition Commission of South Africa and the Turkish Competition Authority, or to observe the applicable statutory waiting period in each of those jurisdictions. In addition, if the United Kingdom were to withdraw from the European Union before the issuance of antitrust clearance by the European Commission, the parties will also be required to obtain antitrust clearance from the UK Competition and Markets



 

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Authority if it asserts jurisdiction to review the transactions. Under the Business Combination Agreement, Pfizer and Mylan may add additional jurisdictions to the list of Required Jurisdictions by mutual written agreement before the closing of the Combination. On September 26, 2019, the Philippine Competition Commission informed the parties that the thresholds for a mandatory antitrust approval are not met, rendering the transactions not notifiable under applicable law. Accordingly, the parties withdrew the filing and the condition precedent to the Combination relating to receipt of antitrust clearance from the Philippine Competition Commission has been satisfied. On November 15, 2019, the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia granted clearance of the Combination. On January 16, 2020, the Chinese State Administration for Market Regulation granted clearance of the Combination. On January 21, 2020, the Brazilian Administrative Council of Economic Defense granted Clearance of the Combination, effective as of February 7, 2020.

In addition to the Required Jurisdictions, Pfizer and Mylan are seeking antitrust clearance from the Competition Authority of Botswana, the Superintendence of Industry and Commerce in Colombia, the COMESA (Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa) Competition Commission, the Namibian Competition Commission, the Serbian Commission for Protection of Competition, the General Authority for Competition of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Taiwanese Competition Commission, the Anti-Monopoly Committee of Ukraine and the New Zealand Commerce Commission. On September 27, 2019, the Serbian Commission for Protection of Competition granted an unconditional clearance of the Combination. On December 9, 2019, the Superintendence of Industry and Commerce in Colombia granted clearance of the Combination. On January 30, 2020, the Anti-Monopoly Committee of Ukraine granted clearance of the Combination.

Termination (see “Business Combination Agreement—Termination, Amendment and Waiver” beginning on page 132).

The Business Combination Agreement may be terminated at any time before the closing date:

 

   

by mutual written agreement of Pfizer and Mylan;

 

   

by either Pfizer or Mylan, subject to specified qualifications and exceptions, if:

 

   

any final and non-appealable legal restraint is in effect which permanently prohibits, enjoins, restrains or otherwise makes illegal the consummation of the Separation, the Distribution, the Combination or the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation Distribution);

 

   

the closing of the Combination has not occurred on or before June 30, 2020, subject to (a) an automatic extension to September 30, 2020 if all of the conditions to closing, other than those pertaining to (i) the expiration of the waiting period under the HSR Act and other competition laws or (ii) any order or injunction prohibiting the Combination under antitrust laws (together, the “Antitrust Conditions”), have been satisfied or waived and (b) another automatic extension to December 30, 2020 if on September 30, 2020 one or both of the Antitrust Conditions have not been fulfilled but all other conditions to closing have been satisfied or waived (we refer to June 30, 2020, as so extended, as the “Outside Date”); or

 

   

the Mylan Shareholder Approval has not been obtained at the Mylan Shareholders Meeting;

 

   

by Mylan, subject to specified qualifications and exceptions, in the event of a breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or agreement on the part of Pfizer or the Upjohn Entities (as defined below under “Business Combination Agreement—Conduct of Business Pending the Combination”), such that the closing conditions in the Business Combination Agreement regarding Pfizer’s or any Upjohn Entity’s, as applicable, representations, warranties, covenants or agreements would not be satisfied, and such breach is not cured within a specified time period or is incapable of being cured before the Outside Date;



 

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by Pfizer, subject to specified qualifications and exceptions:

 

   

in the event of a breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or agreement on the part of the Mylan Parties, such that the closing conditions in the Business Combination Agreement regarding the Mylan Parties’ representations, warranties, covenants or agreements would not be satisfied, and such breach is not cured within a specified time period or is incapable of being cured before the Outside Date; or

 

   

before receipt of the Mylan Shareholder Approval, if the board of directors of Mylan (the “Mylan Board”) has effected a Mylan Change in Recommendation (as defined below).

The Separation and Distribution Agreement shall terminate immediately upon termination of the Business Combination Agreement, if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated in accordance with its terms before the time at which the Distribution occurs. After the time at which the Distribution occurs, the Separation and Distribution Agreement may not be terminated, except by an agreement in writing signed by a duly authorized officer of each of Pfizer and Newco.

Termination Fees (see “Business Combination Agreement—Termination, Amendment and Waiver—Termination Fee” beginning on page 133).

Mylan has agreed to pay to Pfizer, by way of compensation, $322 million (the “Termination Payment”), if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated as follows:

 

   

by Pfizer, before the receipt of the Mylan Shareholder Approval, if the Mylan Board has effected a Mylan Change in Recommendation;

 

   

by Pfizer, as a result of a willful breach by Mylan of its no solicitation obligations under the Business Combination Agreement and within 12 months after the date of such termination, a Competing Proposal (as defined under “Business Combination Agreement—No Solicitation by Mylan; Competing Proposal”) is consummated or Mylan enters into a definitive written agreement for a Competing Proposal (however, solely for purposes of this bullet point, all references to 15% in the definition of the term “Competing Proposal” are replaced with 50%); or

 

   

(a) by Mylan or Pfizer, if the Mylan Shareholder Approval has not been obtained upon a vote taken thereon at the Mylan Shareholders Meeting or (b) by Pfizer, as a result of a breach of Mylan of its obligation to hold the Mylan Shareholders Meeting to obtain the Mylan Shareholder Approval, and, in each case, before such termination, a Competing Proposal has been publicly announced or otherwise becomes publicly known (or, in the case of a willful breach by Mylan of its obligation to hold the Mylan Shareholders Meeting to obtain the Mylan Shareholder Approval, a Competing Proposal has been communicated to the Mylan Board), and such Competing Proposal has not been publicly withdrawn at least seven days before the Mylan Shareholders Meeting, and within 12 months after the date of such termination, any Competing Proposal is consummated or Mylan enters into a definitive written agreement for any Competing Proposal (however, solely for purposes of this bullet point, all references to 15% in the definition of the term “Competing Proposal” are replaced with 50%).

Pfizer’s Expenses (see “Business Combination Agreement—Termination, Amendment and Waiver—Pfizer’s Expenses” beginning on page 133).

If the Business Combination Agreement is terminated by either Pfizer or Mylan because the Mylan Shareholder Approval has not been obtained upon a vote taken thereon at the Mylan Shareholders Meeting, then Mylan shall pay to Pfizer all reasonable out-of-pocket costs, fees and expenses incurred by Pfizer in connection with the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby up to $96 million, but excluding all such costs, fees and expenses incurred by Pfizer before May 2, 2019. Such payment will be credited against any termination fee that is paid by Mylan to Pfizer.



 

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Certain Adjustments (see “Separation and Distribution Agreement—Certain Adjustments” beginning on page 138).

The Separation and Distribution Agreement provides for specified adjustment payments to be made after the closing of the Distribution by Pfizer or Upjohn to the other party if and to the extent that at the closing of the Distribution the amount of Newco’s working capital as of immediately prior to the time at which the Distribution occurs is greater than or less than a specified target for such amount, as further described in the Separation and Distribution Agreement. In addition, the Separation and Distribution Agreement provides for Newco to pay to Pfizer an amount equal to Newco’s cash balance, up to a target amount, as of immediately prior to the time at which the Distribution occurs and, if applicable, cooperate with Pfizer to allow Pfizer to recover additional cash above such target amount, as further described in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences (see “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” beginning on page 101).

The consummation of the Distribution, the Combination and certain related transactions is conditioned upon Pfizer’s receipt of the IRS Ruling and Tax Opinion, each to the effect that the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, will qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution will qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code and the Pfizer Distribution Payments will qualify as money distributed to Pfizer creditors or stockholders in connection with the reorganization for purposes of Section 361(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. Assuming that the Distribution and related transactions and the Pfizer Distribution Payments so qualify, Pfizer and its stockholders will not recognize any taxable income, gain or loss as a result of the Distribution for U.S. federal income tax purposes, except for any cash received in lieu of any fractional shares.

See “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” beginning on page 101 of this document for a more detailed description of the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Distribution.

No Appraisal Rights (see “Business Combination Agreement—No Appraisal Rights” beginning on page 115).

Neither Mylan shareholders nor Mylan Newco shareholders are entitled under Dutch law or otherwise to appraisal or dissenters’ rights related to the Mylan ordinary shares or Mylan Newco ordinary shares in connection with the Combination.

Pfizer stockholders are not entitled to appraisal rights in connection with the Separation, the Distribution or the Combination.



 

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SUMMARY HISTORICAL COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION OF THE UPJOHN BUSINESS

The following table presents summary historical combined financial information of the Upjohn Business. The combined statements of income information and the combined statements of cash flows information for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016 set forth below are derived from the Upjohn Business’s audited combined financial statements included in this document. The combined statements of income information and the combined statements of cash flows information for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and September 30, 2018 and the combined balance sheet information as of September 29, 2019 are derived from the Upjohn Business’s unaudited condensed combined financial statements included in this document. In the opinion of management, the unaudited condensed combined financial statements for the interim periods included in this document include all the normal and recurring adjustments that the Upjohn Business considers necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and operating results for these periods. The combined financial statements have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”).

The combined financial statements of the Upjohn Business include expense allocations for direct and indirect commercial and corporate costs, including certain support functions, that are provided on a centralized basis within Pfizer. Such costs include, among others, (i) certain non-product commercial costs managed by Pfizer’s commercial organization; (ii) allocations for certain platform functions that are generally provided on a centralized basis within Pfizer, such as expenses for worldwide technology, global real estate operations, legal, finance, human resources, insurance, worldwide public affairs, compliance and worldwide procurement, among others; (iii) certain manufacturing and supply costs incurred by manufacturing sites that are shared with other Pfizer business units, Pfizer’s global external supply group and Pfizer’s global logistics and support group, and other overhead costs associated with the Upjohn Business’s manufacturing (which include manufacturing variances associated with production); (iv) certain compensation and benefits and other corporate costs, such as interest income and expense and gains and losses on investments; (v) research, development and medical expenses; and (vi) restructuring charges and other costs associated with cost reduction/productivity initiatives. Pfizer does not routinely allocate these costs to any of its business units. However, as part of a Pfizer reorganization beginning in 2019, the Upjohn Business was positioned as a standalone division within Pfizer with distinct and dedicated manufacturing, marketing and other commercial activities, research and development, medical, regulatory and limited enabling functions. As a result, many of the costs for certain support functions that, prior to 2019, were provided to the Upjohn Business on a centralized basis within Pfizer have been, beginning in 2019, incurred directly by the Upjohn Business. For such costs, the combined financial information for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 includes a combination of allocations to the Upjohn Business and limited directly incurred costs. Allocations are based on either a specific identification basis or, when specific identification is not practicable, proportional cost allocation methods (e.g., using third-party sales, headcount, Upjohn Business identified manufacturing costs, etc.), depending on the nature of the services and/or costs.

The summary historical combined financial information should be read in conjunction with the sections entitled “Selected Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Upjohn Business” and the Upjohn Business’s audited combined financial statements and accompanying notes and the Upjohn Business’s unaudited condensed combined financial statements and accompanying notes included in this document. The Upjohn Business’s historical combined financial information presented below may not be indicative of its future performance and does not necessarily reflect what the Upjohn Business’s financial position and results of operations would have been had it operated as an independent standalone company during the periods presented, including changes that will occur in its operations and capitalization as a result of the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination. See the section entitled “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business” included in this document for a further description of the anticipated changes.



 

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Statement of income data:

 

    Nine Months Ended
(unaudited)
    Year Ended December 31,  
    September 29,
2019
    September 30,
2018
    2018     2017     2016  
(millions of dollars)          

Revenues(a)

  $         8,087     $         9,281     $ 12,431     $ 13,359     $ 13,765  

Costs and expenses(b)

    3,282       3,844       5,336       5,604       6,009  

Restructuring charges/(credits)

    27       (7     39       (80     248  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before provision/(benefit) for taxes on income

    4,778       5,444       7,056       7,835       7,508  

Provision/(benefit) for taxes on income(c)

    319       739       925       (2,366     1,920  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income before allocation to noncontrolling interests

    4,459       4,704       6,131       10,201       5,587  

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

    1       2       3       3       —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to the Upjohn Business

  $ 4,458     $ 4,702     $ 6,128     $ 10,199     $ 5,588  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance sheet data:

 

    

As of September 29, 2019
(unaudited)

(millions of dollars)   

Working capital

   $                        1,517

Property, plant and equipment, less accumulated depreciation

   958

Total assets

   16,924

Long-term obligations(d)

   5,712

Total liabilities

   9,068

Total Upjohn Business equity

   7,856

Other data:

 

     Nine Months Ended
(unaudited)
     Year Ended December 31,  
     September 29,
2019
     September 30,
2018
     2018      2017      2016  
(millions of dollars)               

Cash provided by operations

   $ 3,819      $ 3,970      $ 5,721      $ 7,397      $ 6,249  

Certain amounts may reflect rounding adjustments.

 

(a)

Pediatric exclusivity for Lyrica expired in the United States in June 2019 and multi-source generic competition began on July 19, 2019. As a result, the Upjohn Business experienced a significant decline in sales of Lyrica in the U.S. beginning in the third quarter of 2019.

(b)

Excludes restructuring charges/(credits).

(c) 

In the fourth quarter of 2017, the Upjohn Business recorded an estimate of certain tax effects of the legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. For additional information see Note 7. Tax Matters accompanying the Upjohn Business’s audited combined financial statements and Note 5. Tax Matters accompanying the Upjohn Business’s unaudited condensed combined financial statements included in this document.

(d)

Defined as pension benefit obligations, net, postretirement benefit obligations, net, noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, other taxes payable and other noncurrent liabilities. The Upjohn Business did not have long-term debt for any of the periods presented.



 

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SUMMARY HISTORICAL CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION OF MYLAN

The following table presents the selected summary historical consolidated financial and operating data of Mylan as of and for each of the years in the five-year period ended December 31, 2018 and as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018. The selected historical consolidated financial information as of and for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015 and 2014 has been derived from Mylan’s audited consolidated financial statements. The unaudited selected historical financial information as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 has been derived from Mylan’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements which include, in the opinion of Mylan’s management, all normal and recurring adjustments that are necessary for the fair presentation of the results for such interim periods and dates. The historical consolidated financial statements of Mylan are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The information set forth below is only a summary that you should read together with the audited consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes contained in Mylan’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended, as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 and for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016, and the unaudited consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes contained in Mylan’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, which are incorporated by reference into this document, and the audited consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes as of December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 and for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, and the unaudited consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, which are not incorporated by reference into this document but which are available on Mylan’s website at www.mylan.com and on the SEC website at sec.gov. Mylan N.V. is considered the successor to Mylan Inc., and the information set forth below refers to Mylan Inc. for periods prior to February 27, 2015, and to Mylan N.V. on and after February 27, 2015.



 

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The selected historical consolidated financial information may not be indicative of the future performance of Mylan. For all years presented, the consolidated balance sheet data has been adjusted for the retrospective application of the adoption of ASU 2015-03 and 2015-17, as described in footnotes 2 and 3 below. For more information, see “Where You Can Find Additional Information” beginning on page ii of this document.

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(unaudited)
    Year Ended December 31,  
(in millions, except per share amounts)    2019     2018     2018     2017     2016     2015     2014  

Statements of Operations:

              

Total revenues

   $ 8,308.7     $ 8,355.2     $ 11,433.9     $ 11,907.7     $ 11,076.9     $ 9,429.3     $ 7,719.6  

Cost of sales(1)

     5,498.5       5,369.2       7,432.3       7,124.6       6,379.9       5,213.2       4,191.6  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     2,810.2       2,986.0       4,001.6       4,783.1       4,697.0       4,216.1       3,528.0  

Operating expenses:

              

Research and development

     488.1       555.7       704.5       783.3       826.8       671.9       581.8  

Selling, general and administrative

     1,909.2       1,808.1       2,441.0       2,575.7       2,498.5       2,180.7       1,625.7  

Litigation settlements and other contingencies, net

     (30.3     (50.6     (49.5     (13.1     672.5       (97.4     (32.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     2,367.0       2,313.2       3,096.0       3,345.9       3,997.8       2,755.2       2,175.4  

Earnings from operations

     443.2       672.8       905.6       1,437.2       699.2       1,460.9       1,352.6  

Interest expense

     391.3       407.1       542.3       534.6       454.8       339.4       333.2  

Other expense, net

     32.7       44.3       64.9       (0.4     122.7       206.1       44.9  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes

     19.2       221.4       298.4       903.0       121.7       915.4       974.5  

Income tax provision (benefit)

     22.9       (79.9     (54.1     207.0       (358.3     67.7       41.4  

Net loss attributable to the noncontrolling interest

     —         —         —         —         —         (0.1     (3.7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (loss) earnings attributable to Mylan N.V. ordinary shareholders

   $ (3.7   $ 301.3     $ 352.5     $ 696.0     $ 480.0     $ 847.6     $ 929.4  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

(Loss) earnings per ordinary share attributable to Mylan N.V. ordinary shareholders:

              

Basic

   $ (0.01   $ 0.59     $ 0.69     $ 1.30     $ 0.94     $ 1.80     $ 2.49  

Diluted

   $ (0.01   $ 0.58     $ 0.68     $ 1.30     $ 0.92     $ 1.70     $ 2.34  

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding:

              

Basic

     515.5       514.4       514.5       534.5       513.0       472.2       373.7  

Diluted

     515.5       516.5       516.5       536.7       520.5       497.4       398.0  

Selected Balance Sheet data:

              

Total assets(2)(3)

   $ 31,053.5     $ 33,455.6     $ 32,734.9     $ 35,806.3     $ 34,726.2     $ 22,267.7     $ 15,820.5  

Working capital(2)(3)(4)

     2,000.1       1,359.7       1,779.9       828.0       2,481.8       2,350.5       1,137.2  

Short-term borrowings

     —         0.4       1.9       46.5       46.4       1.3       330.7  

Long-term debt, including current portion of long-term debt(2)

     13,015.0       14,427.0       13,816.4       14,614.5       15,426.2       7,294.3       8,104.1  

Total equity

     11,463.4       12,066.2       12,167.1       13,307.6       11,117.6       9,765.8       3,276.0  


 

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  (1)

Cost of sales includes the following amounts primarily related to the amortization of purchased intangibles from acquisitions: $1.21 billion, $1.19 billion, $1.61 billion, $1.44 billion, $1.32 billion, $854.2 million and $375.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and September 30, 2018 and the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. In addition, cost of sales included the following amounts related to impairment charges to intangible assets: $71.8 million, $87.5 million, $224.0 million, $80.8 million, $68.3 million, $31.3 million and $27.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and September 30, 2018 and the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

  (2)

Pursuant to the Company’s adoption of Accounting Standards Update 2015-03, Interest—Imputation of Interest, as of December 31, 2015, deferred financing fees related to term debt have been retrospectively reclassified from other assets to long-term debt or the current portion of long-term debt, depending on the debt instrument, on the Consolidated Balance Sheets for all periods presented. The Company retrospectively reclassified approximately $34.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.

  (3)

Pursuant to the Company’s adoption of Accounting Standards Update 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes, as of December 31, 2015, deferred tax assets and liabilities that had been previously classified as current have been retrospectively reclassified to noncurrent on the Consolidated Balance Sheets for all periods presented. The reclassification resulted in a decrease in current assets of approximately $345.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. The reclassification resulted in a decrease in current liabilities of approximately $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.

  (4)

Working capital is calculated as current assets minus current liabilities.



 

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SUMMARY UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

The following summary unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information gives effect to the Combination and related transactions, including borrowings under the Bridge Facility, and the Distribution.

The summary unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and for the year ended December 31, 2018 combine the historical unaudited condensed consolidated and the audited consolidated statements of operations of Mylan and the historical unaudited condensed combined and the historical audited combined statements of income for the Upjohn Business, respectively, giving effect to the Combination as if it had been consummated on January 1, 2018, the beginning of the earliest period presented. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet combines the historical unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet of Mylan and the historical unaudited condensed combined balance sheet of the Upjohn Business as of September 30, 2019, giving effect to the Combination as if it had been consummated on September 30, 2019. See the section entitled “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business” included in this document for more information.

The summary unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information was prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP using the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations, with Mylan considered the accounting acquirer of the Upjohn Business. See “Accounting Treatment” beginning on page 95 of this document for more information.

The Upjohn Business’s historical combined financial statements have been derived from the consolidated financial statements and accounting records of Pfizer and include allocations for direct costs and indirect costs attributable to the operations of the Upjohn Business. These historical combined financial statements do not purport to reflect what the results of operations, comprehensive income, financial position, equity or cash flows would have been had the Upjohn Business operated as an independent standalone company during the periods presented.

The summary unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information is for informational purposes only. It does not purport to indicate the results that would have actually been attained had the Combination and the related transactions been completed on the assumed date or for the periods presented, or which may be realized in the future. To produce the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information, Mylan allocated the estimated purchase price using its best estimates of fair value. Also, as explained in more detail in the accompanying notes to the unaudited pro forma financial information, these estimates are based on the most recently available public information. To the extent there are significant changes to the Upjohn Business, the assumptions and estimates herein could change significantly. Furthermore, Newco could have reorganization and restructuring expenses as well as potential operating efficiencies as a result of combining Mylan and the Upjohn Business. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information does not reflect these potential expenses nor any related efficiencies. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information reflects only the pro forma adjustments that are factually supportable, directly attributable to the Combination and, with respect to the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations, expected to have a continuing impact on the combined results of Newco.

This information is only a summary and has been derived from and should be read in conjunction with the more detailed unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information and the notes thereto, included in the section entitled “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business”. In addition, the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information was based on, and should be read in conjunction with, the consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes thereto,



 

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which are incorporated by reference into this document, and the Upjohn Business’s combined financial statements and accompanying notes included in this document.

 

     As of September 30, 2019  
(millions of dollars)    (Pro Forma As Adjusted)  

Total assets

   $ 65,352  

Short-term borrowings

     12,000  

Long-term debt

     12,461  

Total liabilities

     39,442  

Total equity

     25,910  

 

     Nine months ended
September 30, 2019
     Year ended
December 31, 2018
 
(in millions, except per share amounts)    (Pro Forma As
Adjusted)
     (Pro Forma As
Adjusted)
 

Total revenues

   $ 16,397      $ 23,874  

Net earnings attributable to ordinary shareholders

   $ 3,517      $ 5,247  

Earnings per ordinary share applicable to ordinary shareholders

     

Basic

   $ 2.92      $ 4.36  

Diluted

   $ 2.92      $ 4.35  

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding

     

Basic

     1,205.4        1,204.4  

Diluted

     1,206.3        1,206.4  


 

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SUMMARY HISTORICAL AND PRO FORMA PER SHARE DATA OF MYLAN

The following table sets forth selected historical share information of Mylan and unaudited pro forma per share information after giving effect to the Combination. Per share information for the Upjohn Business is not presented because the Upjohn Business did not have outstanding capital stock since its historical combined financial statements have been prepared on a carve-out basis. The historical consolidated financial statements of Mylan are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The information set forth below is only a summary that you should read together with the audited consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes contained in Mylan’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, as amended, and the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes contained in Mylan’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, each of which is incorporated by reference in this document. The pro forma data has been derived from the unaudited pro forma condensed consolidated and combined financial information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business included elsewhere in this document. See the section of this document entitled “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business.”

This summary historical and pro forma per share data is being presented for informational purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of per share data that would have actually been attained had the Combination been completed on the dates indicated below, or the future per share data of Newco. You should not rely on the pro forma per share data presented as being indicative of the results that would have been achieved had Mylan and the Upjohn Business been combined at the date presented or of the actual future results or financial condition of Mylan or the Upjohn Business to be achieved following the consummation of the transactions.

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2019
     Year Ended
December 31, 2018
 
(in millions, except per share amounts)    Historical
(unaudited)
     Pro Forma      Historical      Pro Forma  

(Loss) earnings per share applicable to ordinary shareholders:

           

Basic

   $ (0.01    $ 2.92      $ 0.69      $ 4.36  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted

   $ (0.01    $ 2.92      $ 0.68      $ 4.35  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding:

           

Basic

     515.5        1,205.4        514.5        1,204.4  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted

     515.5        1,206.3        516.5        1,206.4  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 


 

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HISTORICAL MARKET PRICE AND DIVIDEND INFORMATION

Mylan ordinary shares are listed on the NASDAQ under the symbol “MYL.” On July 26, 2019, the last trading day before the announcement of the signing of the Business Combination Agreement, the closing price of Mylan ordinary shares was $18.46 per share. On February 5, 2020, the last practicable trading day for which information is available as of the date of this document, the closing price of Mylan ordinary shares was $22.85 per share. For information on the current price per Mylan ordinary share, you are urged to consult publicly available sources.

Market price data for Newco common stock is not available because Newco is currently a wholly owned subsidiary of Pfizer, and shares of Newco common stock do not trade separately from shares of Pfizer common stock.

Mylan Dividend Policy

Mylan has historically not paid any dividends on Mylan ordinary shares. The timing, declaration, amount and payment of any future dividends to Mylan shareholders is within the discretion of the Mylan Board of Directors. Mylan does not anticipate paying dividends in the immediate future. The terms of the Business Combination Agreement generally restrict Mylan’s ability to declare and pay dividends to Mylan shareholders during the interim period commencing from the execution of the Business Combination Agreement until the closing of the Combination. There can be no assurance that Mylan will pay any dividend in the future.

Newco Dividend Policy

Newco is currently a wholly owned subsidiary of Pfizer. As of the date of this document, there is no established trading market for Newco common stock, and shares of Newco common stock do not trade separately from shares of Pfizer common stock. It is currently anticipated that Newco will initiate a dividend of approximately 25% of free cash flow beginning the first full quarter following the consummation of the transactions. However, there can be no assurance that Newco will pay or continue to pay a dividend, and the timing, declaration, amount and payment by Newco of any dividend or distribution will be within the discretion of the Newco Board.



 

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RISK FACTORS

The following sets forth material risks related to the transactions, the Upjohn Business, the combined company’s business and the Newco common stock. You should also carefully consider the information contained or incorporated by reference in this document, including the matters addressed in the section entitled “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” contained in this document and the risks of the Mylan business discussed in Part I, Item 1A—Risk Factors in Mylan’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, as amended, and in Part II, Item 1A—Risk Factors in Mylan’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2019, each incorporated by reference in this document. Risks relating to the Upjohn Business or Mylan’s businesses are also risks that relate to the combined company. The risks described below are not the only risks that these businesses face or that the combined company will face after the consummation of the transactions. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known or that are currently expected to be immaterial may also materially and adversely affect the combined company’s business, financial condition and results of operations or the price of combined company common stock in the future. Past financial performance may not be a reliable indicator of future performance, and historical trends should not be used to anticipate results or trends in future periods.

Risks Related to the Transactions

The transactions may not be completed on the terms or timeline currently contemplated, or at all.

The consummation of the transactions is subject to the satisfaction (or, if applicable, valid waiver) of various conditions, including (a) the expiration or termination of any applicable waiting period under the HSR Act and the receipt of regulatory approvals in certain other jurisdictions, (b) the consummation of the Separation and the Distribution in accordance with the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement, (c) the effectiveness of the registration statements filed with the SEC by the parties in connection with the transactions, (d) the Mylan Shareholder Approval, (e) the absence of any legal restraint (including legal actions or proceedings pursued by U.S. state authorities in the relevant states) preventing the consummation of the transactions, (f) in the case of Pfizer’s and Newco’s obligations to consummate the transactions, (i) the consummation of the Cash Distribution in accordance with the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement and (ii) the receipt by Pfizer of the IRS Ruling and the Tax Opinion, and (g) other customary closing conditions. See “Business Combination Agreement—Conditions to the Combination.” There is no guarantee that these conditions will be satisfied (or, if applicable, validly waived) in a timely manner or at all, in which case closing of the transactions may be delayed or may not occur and the benefits expected to result from the transactions may not be achieved.

Mylan and Pfizer have expended and will continue to expend significant management time and resources and have incurred and will continue to incur significant expenses due to legal, advisory, printing and financial services fees related to the transactions. Many of these expenses must be paid regardless of whether the transactions are consummated. As a result of the conditions to closing of the transactions, some of which are dependent upon the actions of third parties, the parties cannot provide any assurance that the transactions will be consummated in a timely manner or at all.

The combined company may not realize the anticipated benefits from the transactions.

The combined company is expected to realize cost synergies, growth opportunities, and other financial and operating benefits as a result of the transactions. The combined company’s success in realizing these benefits, and the timing of their realization, depends on the successful integration of the Upjohn Business with the Mylan business. The combination of two independent businesses is a complex, costly and time-consuming process. Even if Mylan and the Upjohn Business successfully integrate, Mylan and the Upjohn Business cannot predict with certainty if or when these synergies, growth opportunities and benefits will occur, or the extent to which they actually will be achieved. For example, the benefits from the transactions may be offset by costs incurred in integrating the companies or for required capital expenditures related to the combined businesses. In addition, the

 

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quantification of synergies expected to result from the transactions is based on significant estimates and assumptions that are subjective in nature and inherently uncertain. Realization of any benefits and synergies could be affected by a number of factors beyond Mylan’s, the Upjohn Business’s or the combined company’s control, including, without limitation, general economic conditions, increased operating costs, regulatory developments and the other risks described in these risk factors. The amount of synergies actually realized in the transactions, if any, and the time periods in which any such synergies are realized, could differ materially from the expected synergies discussed in this document, regardless of whether the two business operations are combined successfully. If the integration is unsuccessful or if the combined company is unable to realize the anticipated synergies and other benefits of the transactions, there could be a material adverse effect on the combined company’s share price, business, financial condition and results of operations.

The terms of the transactions may discourage other companies from making alternative business proposals and the transactions may make future business transactions involving the combined company more difficult.

The Business Combination Agreement generally prohibits Mylan from soliciting any alternative transaction proposal during the pendency of the transactions, although in certain circumstances Mylan may make a Mylan Change in Recommendation in response to an unsolicited alternative transaction proposal that the Mylan Board determines is more favorable to Mylan and its shareholders and other stakeholders than the transactions. See “Business Combination Agreement—No Solicitation by Mylan; Competing Proposal.” The Business Combination Agreement provides that Mylan may be required to pay Pfizer a termination fee of $322 million if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated in certain circumstances, which payment might deter third parties from proposing alternative business combination proposals. The “no solicitation” provisions in the Business Combination Agreement prohibit Pfizer from soliciting any competing proposal involving the Upjohn Business as set forth in the Business Combination Agreement. See “Business Combination Agreement—No Solicitation by Pfizer; Competing Upjohn Proposal.”

In addition, certain provisions of the Tax Matters Agreement, which are intended to preserve the intended tax treatment of the Distribution and certain related transactions, may discourage, delay or prevent acquisition proposals and otherwise limit the combined company’s ability to pursue certain strategic transactions or engage in other transactions, including mergers or consolidations for a period of time following the closing of the transactions. Under the Tax Matters Agreement, the combined company will be restricted from taking certain actions for a period of time following the closing of the transactions because such actions could adversely affect the intended tax treatment of the Distribution and certain related transactions, and such restrictions could be significant. See “Additional Transaction Agreements—Tax Matters Agreement.”

Because the combined company will be a larger company than either the Upjohn Business or Mylan is currently, an acquisition of the combined company may be more expensive or more difficult than an acquisition of either the Upjohn Business or Mylan would be currently.

Costs and expenses related to the transactions could exceed amounts currently estimated and could have a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition and results of operation of the parties.

Pfizer, Mylan and Newco expect to incur a number of costs in relation to the transactions, including integration and post-closing costs, which could exceed the amounts currently estimated. There may also be further additional and unforeseen expenses incurred in connection with the transactions either due to delays or otherwise. There can be no guarantee that any benefits of the transactions that are realized will offset such costs, which could have a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition and results of operation of the companies.

 

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The calculation of the number of shares of Newco to be issued to Pfizer stockholders and Mylan shareholders in the transactions will not be adjusted if there is a change in the value of the Upjohn Business or Mylan before the Combination is completed.

The number of shares of Newco common stock to be issued to the Pfizer stockholders or the Mylan shareholders in the transactions will not be adjusted if there is a change in the value of the Upjohn Business or the value of Mylan before the closing of the transactions. Pfizer stockholders and Mylan shareholders will receive a number of shares of Newco to achieve a fixed percentage of the outstanding common stock of Newco in the aggregate pursuant to the Combination, rather than a number of shares with a particular fixed market value. As a result, the actual value of the Newco common stock to be received by Pfizer stockholders and Mylan shareholders in transactions will depend on the value of such shares at and after the closing of the Combination, which may be lower than the market value of Mylan’s ordinary shares.

Neither Pfizer stockholders nor Mylan shareholders will be entitled to appraisal rights in connection with the transactions.

Appraisal rights are statutory rights that, if applicable under law, enable stockholders to dissent from an extraordinary transaction, such as a merger, and to demand that the corporation pay the fair value for their shares as determined by a court in a judicial proceeding instead of receiving the consideration offered to stockholders in connection with the extraordinary transaction. Neither Pfizer stockholders nor Mylan shareholders are entitled to appraisal rights in connection with the Combination.

Mylan, the Upjohn Business and the combined company may have difficulty attracting, motivating and retaining key personnel and other employees in light of the transactions.

The combined company’s success after the transaction will depend in part on its ability to attract and retain key personnel and other employees. Prior to and following the transactions, employees of Mylan, the Upjohn Business and the combined company may experience uncertainty about their future roles at the combined company following the consummation of the transactions, which may impact the ability of Mylan, the Upjohn Business and the combined company to retain key personnel and other employees. Competition for qualified personnel in the pharmaceutical industry is intense. Mylan, the Upjohn Business and the combined company may lose key personnel or may be unable to attract, retain and motivate qualified individuals, or the associated costs may increase. If employees of Mylan or the Upjohn Business depart because of issues relating to the uncertainty and difficulty of integration or a desire not to become employees of the combined company after the transactions, the combined company’s ability to realize the anticipated benefits of the transactions could be reduced, and it may have a material adverse impact on the business and operations of the combined company.

The integration of the Upjohn Business with Mylan following the transactions may present significant challenges.

The combination of two independent businesses is a complex, costly and time-consuming process and there is a significant degree of difficulty inherent in the process of integrating the Upjohn Business and Mylan. These difficulties include:

 

   

the integration of the Upjohn Business’s and Mylan’s current businesses while carrying on the ongoing operations of all businesses;

 

   

diversion of management’s attention to integration matters;

 

   

the challenge of integrating the employees and business cultures of the Upjohn Business and Mylan;

 

   

retaining existing customers and suppliers, or obtaining new customers and suppliers;

 

   

risks associated with managing the larger and more complex combined company;

 

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the challenge and cost of integrating manufacturing, logistics, information technology, communications and other systems of the Upjohn Business and Mylan; and

 

   

the potential difficulty in attracting and retaining key personnel and other employees of Mylan and the Upjohn Business.

The process of integrating operations could cause an interruption of, or loss of momentum in, the activities of one or more of the combined company’s businesses. Members of senior management of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company may be required to devote considerable amounts of time to this integration process prior to and after the closing of the transactions, which will decrease the time they will have to manage the business of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company, service existing businesses, and develop new products or strategies. There is no assurance that Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company will be able to manage this integration in the manner or on the timeline currently anticipated. If senior management of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company is not able to timely and effectively manage the integration process, or if any significant business activities are interrupted as a result of the integration process, the business of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company could suffer.

If there is a delay or inability to achieve anticipated integration goals, or if senior management of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company is not able to timely and effectively manage the integration process, or if any significant business activities are interrupted as a result of the integration process, there could be a material adverse effect on the combined company’s share price, business, financial condition and results of operations after the transactions.

The historical combined financial information of the Upjohn Business may not be representative of its results if it had been operated independently of Pfizer and as a result, may not be a reliable indicator of the results that the Upjohn Business or the combined company will achieve in the future.

The Upjohn Business is currently operated through various subsidiaries of Pfizer. Consequently, the financial information of the Upjohn Business included in this document has been derived from the consolidated financial statements and accounting records of Pfizer and reflects assumptions and allocations made by Pfizer. The financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Upjohn Business presented herein may be different from those that would have resulted if the Upjohn Business had historically been operated as a standalone company or by a company other than Pfizer. For example, in preparing the financial statements of the Upjohn Business, Pfizer made an allocation of Pfizer costs and expenses that are attributable to the Upjohn Business. However, these costs and expenses reflect the costs and expenses attributable to the Upjohn Business as part of a larger organization and do not necessarily reflect costs and expenses that would be incurred by the Upjohn Business had it been operated independently, and may not reflect costs and expenses that would have been incurred by the combined company. As a result, the historical financial information of the Upjohn Business may not be a reliable indicator of the results that the Upjohn Business or the combined company will achieve in the future.

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business is not intended to reflect what actual financial condition and results of operations would have been had Mylan and the Upjohn Business been a combined company for the periods presented, and therefore these results may not be indicative of Newco’s future operating performance.

The historical financial statements contained or incorporated by reference in this document consist of the separate financial statements of the Upjohn Business and Mylan, respectively. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information presented in this document is for illustrative purposes only and is not intended to, and does not purport to, represent what the combined company’s actual results or financial condition would have been if the transactions had occurred on the relevant date. In addition, such unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information is based in part on certain assumptions regarding the transactions that

 

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Pfizer, the Upjohn Business and Mylan believe are reasonable and comply with accounting standards under the SEC rules and regulations. These assumptions, however, are only preliminary and will be updated only after the consummation of the transactions.

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information does not reflect the costs of any integration activities or transaction-related costs or incremental capital spend that Pfizer management and Mylan management believes are necessary to realize the anticipated synergies from the transactions. Accordingly, the pro forma financial information included in this document does not reflect what the combined company’s results of operations or operating condition would have been had Mylan and the Upjohn Business been a consolidated entity during all periods presented, or what the combined company’s financial condition and results of operations will be in the future.

Newco will be subject to potentially significant restrictions that could limit its ability to undertake certain corporate actions (such as stock issuances or the undertaking of a merger or consolidation) that otherwise could be advantageous.

The Tax Matters Agreement generally prohibits Newco and its affiliates from taking certain actions that could cause the Distribution and certain related transactions to fail to qualify as tax-free transactions to Pfizer and its stockholders. Furthermore, unless an exception applies, for a two-year period following the date of the Distribution, none of Newco nor any of its subsidiaries may:

 

   

engage in transactions in which Newco’s stock is acquired;

 

   

engage in certain mergers or consolidations;

 

   

discontinue the active conduct of the Upjohn Business;

 

   

sell certain assets;

 

   

redeem or repurchase any of Newco’s stock; or

 

   

amend the amended and restated certificate of incorporation of Newco (the “Newco Charter”) or take any other action affecting the relative voting rights of any of its stock or stock rights.

If Newco intends to take certain restricted actions, it must notify Pfizer of the proposal to take such action and either (a) obtain a ruling from the IRS or an unqualified opinion acceptable to Pfizer to the effect that such action will not affect the tax-free status of the Distribution and certain related transactions or (b) receive from Pfizer a waiver of such requirement. However, none of the receipt of an IRS ruling, an unqualified tax opinion or a waiver by Pfizer will relieve Newco of any responsibility to indemnify Pfizer for tax-related losses resulting from such actions.

As a result of these restrictions and indemnification obligations under the Tax Matters Agreement, the combined company may be limited in its ability to pursue strategic transactions, equity or convertible debt financings or other transactions that may otherwise be in the combined company’s best interests. See “Additional Transaction Agreements—Tax Matters Agreement” for a detailed description of these restrictions.

Additionally, both Pfizer (with respect to the Upjohn Business) and Mylan have agreed in the Business Combination Agreement to refrain from taking certain actions with respect to their business and financial affairs during the pendency of the Combination, which restrictions could be in place for an extended period of time if completion of the Combination is delayed and could adversely impact their ability to execute certain of their respective business strategies and its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. See the section entitled “Business Combination Agreement—Conduct of Business Pending the Combination” for a description of the restrictive covenants to which Pfizer (with respect to the Upjohn Business) and Mylan are subject.

 

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The Distribution could result in significant U.S. tax liabilities, and Newco may be obligated to indemnify Pfizer for any such tax liability imposed on Pfizer.

The completion of the Distribution, Combination and certain related transactions is conditioned upon the receipt by Pfizer of a private letter ruling from the IRS and an opinion of its tax counsel, each to the effect that, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, will qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution will qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code and the Pfizer Distribution Payments will qualify as money distributed to Pfizer creditors or stockholders in connection with the reorganization for purposes of Section 361(b) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Although the IRS Ruling, if received, will generally be binding on the IRS, the continuing validity of the IRS Ruling will be subject to the accuracy of the factual representations made in the ruling request. Pfizer expects to obtain the opinion of counsel described above. In rendering the Tax Opinion, Pfizer’s tax counsel will rely on (i) customary representations and covenants made by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, and (ii) specified assumptions, including an assumption regarding the completion of the Distribution, Combination and certain related transactions in the manner contemplated by the transaction agreements. In addition, Pfizer tax counsel’s ability to provide the Tax Opinion will depend on the absence of changes in existing facts or law between the date of this registration statement and the closing date of the Combination. If any of those representations, covenants or assumptions is inaccurate, tax counsel may not be able to provide the Tax Opinion and the tax consequences of the Distribution and Combination could differ from those described below. An opinion of tax counsel neither binds the IRS nor precludes the IRS or the courts from adopting a contrary position. Accordingly, notwithstanding the IRS Ruling and Tax Opinion, there can be no assurance that the IRS will not assert a position contrary to one or more of the conclusions set forth herein and if the IRS prevails in such challenge, the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, to Pfizer, Newco and the holders of Pfizer common stock could be materially different from, and worse than, the U.S. federal income tax consequences described below.

If the Distribution were determined not to qualify for tax-free treatment under Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code, Pfizer would generally be subject to tax as if it sold the Newco common stock in a transaction taxable to Pfizer, which could result in a material tax liability. In addition, each Pfizer stockholder who receives Newco common stock in the Distribution would generally be treated as receiving a taxable distribution in an amount equal to the fair market value of the Newco common stock received by the stockholder in the Distribution. See “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences.”

Even if the Distribution were otherwise to qualify as a tax-free transaction under Sections 368(a)(1)(D) and 355 of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution would be taxable to Pfizer (but not to Pfizer’s stockholders) pursuant to Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code if there were a 50 percent or greater change in ownership of either Pfizer or Newco, directly or indirectly, as part of a plan or series of related transactions that included the Distribution. For this purpose, any acquisitions of Pfizer or Newco common stock within the period beginning two years before the Distribution and ending two years after the Distribution are presumed to be part of such a plan, although Pfizer may be able to rebut that presumption. For purposes of this test, the Combination will be treated as part of a plan, but the Combination standing alone will not cause the Distribution to be taxable to Pfizer under Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code because holders immediately before the Distribution of Pfizer common stock will directly own more than 50 percent of Newco common stock following the Combination. Nevertheless, if the IRS were to determine that other acquisitions of Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock, either before or after the Distribution, were part of a plan or series of related transactions that included the Distribution, such determination could result in the recognition of a material amount of taxable gain for U.S. federal income tax purposes by Pfizer under Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Under the Tax Matters Agreement, Newco will be required to indemnify Pfizer against any taxes resulting from the Distribution or certain aspects of the Separation that arise as a result of Newco’s breach of certain

 

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representations or covenants in the Tax Matters Agreement or certain other acts or omissions by Newco or Mylan, including certain actions that could result in Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code applying to the Distribution. If Pfizer were to recognize taxable gain on the Distribution or the Separation other than as a result of a breach of a representation or covenant, or certain other actions or omissions, by Newco, Pfizer would not be entitled to indemnification from Newco under the Tax Matters Agreement and the resulting tax liability to Pfizer could have a material adverse effect on Pfizer. If Newco was required to indemnify Pfizer for taxes resulting from the Distribution or certain aspects of the Separation, that indemnification obligation could be substantial and could have a material adverse effect on the combined company, including with respect to its business, financial condition and results of operations. For a detailed description of the Tax Matters Agreement, see “Additional Transaction Agreements—Tax Matters Agreement.”

The Combination is expected to result in an ownership change for Mylan under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code, limiting Mylan’s ability to utilize its foreign tax and other U.S. credits to offset the future taxable income of the combined company.

Mylan’s ability to utilize foreign tax and other U.S. credits to offset future income could be limited if Mylan undergoes an “ownership change” within the meaning of Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code. In general, an ownership change will occur if there is a cumulative increase in ownership of Mylan stock by five percent shareholders (as defined in the Internal Revenue Code) that exceeds 50 percentage points over the lowest percentage of stock owned by such shareholders at any time over a rolling three-year period. If an ownership change does occur, Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code establishes an annual limitation on the amount of certain deferred tax assets that may be used to offset taxable income in future years. A number of complex rules apply in calculating this limitation. An ownership change for Mylan is expected to occur in the Combination. Accordingly, all or a portion of Mylan’s deferred tax assets attributable to foreign tax and other U.S. credits may become subject to this limitation and as a result thereof, the combined company’s U.S. federal income tax liability could increase and its share price, business, financial condition, and results of operations and cash flows could be adversely impacted.

The Combination could result in U.K. stamp duty becoming payable by Acquisition Sub.

It is not expected that the Mylan Merger will be treated as involving a transfer on sale of U.K. shares for U.K. stamp duty purposes (and Mylan intends to apply for confirmation of this from HM Revenue & Customs). The Asset Sale is likely to involve a transfer on sale for U.K. stamp duty purposes and accordingly, if the Combination were to be effected by way of the Asset Sale, U.K. stamp duty may arise at a rate of 0.5% on the relevant consideration (including the assumption of debt) attributable to the transfer of shares in any U.K. incorporated companies comprised in the Asset Sale.

Shareholder litigation or creditor opposition could prevent or delay the closing of the transactions or otherwise negatively impact the business and operations of Newco.

The parties may incur costs in connection with the defense or settlement of any shareholder lawsuits, or creditor opposition under Dutch law, filed in connection with the transactions. Such litigation could have an adverse effect on the business, financial condition and results of operations of Pfizer, Mylan or Newco and could prevent or delay the consummation of the transactions.

The announcement and pendency of the Combination could adversely affect the business, financial results and operations of Mylan and/or the Upjohn Business.

The announcement and pendency of the proposed Combination could cause disruptions in and create uncertainty surrounding the business of Mylan or the Upjohn Business, including affecting relationships with existing and future customers, suppliers and employees, which could have an adverse effect on the business, financial results and operations of Mylan or the Upjohn Business or the combined company, regardless of

 

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whether the proposed Combination is completed. In particular, Mylan or the Upjohn Business or the combined company could potentially lose customers or suppliers, and new customer or supplier contracts could be delayed or decreased. In addition, Mylan and the Upjohn Business have diverted, and will continue to divert, significant management resources towards the completion of the Combination, which could adversely affect the business, financial condition and future results of operations of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company.

Risks Related to the Upjohn Business

The Upjohn Business faces intense competition, and most of its products no longer have market exclusivity in its major markets. This competition could result in a decline in the Upjohn Business’s revenues and results of operations.

With the exception of Lyrica and Effexor in Japan, all of the Upjohn Business’s key branded pharmaceutical products have lost exclusivity in major markets, and many of its products have not had exclusivity for a number of years. Therefore, most of the Upjohn Business’s branded products, as well as its generic products, face competition from generic alternatives. The compound patent for Celebrex in Japan recently expired in November 2019, and generics may enter the market as early as June 2020. In June 2019, Lyrica’s pediatric exclusivity in the United States expired, and multi-source generic competition commenced in the United States on July 19, 2019. This competition will have a negative impact on its sales and results of operations. The Upjohn Business may not be successful in managing competition from non-branded generics or other alternatives, or in generally managing revenues after loss of exclusivity, and its business, financial condition, and results of operations may be materially adversely affected.

The Upjohn Business’s ability to sustain its sales and profitability on any given product over time is affected by the number of companies selling generic alternatives of the product and the time by which those generic alternatives receive regulatory approval. The regulatory environment in many countries has facilitated increases in the number of generic competitors and eased the process for receiving regulatory approvals to introduce generic products. For example, the regulatory approval processes for generic products in the United States and European Union exempt such generic products from costly and time-consuming clinical trials to demonstrate their safety and efficacy and rely instead on the safety and efficacy of the corresponding innovator products. As a result, manufacturers of generic products can invest far less in research and development to bring a generic alternative to the market. In addition, with the passage of the Generic Drug User Fee Act and increased funding of the Office of Generic Drugs of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”), the FDA has increased the number of generic products that it has approved, and the average time to obtain such approval has decreased. Legislation enacted in most U.S. states and certain other countries allows or, in some instances, mandates that a pharmacist dispense an available generic equivalent when filling a prescription for a branded product, in the absence of specific instructions from the prescribing physician. These laws have also encouraged the introduction of generic products.

Generic competitors are also becoming more aggressive in terms of pricing in many of the regions in which the Upjohn Business operates. In China, for example, the Upjohn Business faces strong competition from certain generic manufacturers, which may result in price cuts and volume loss on some of the Upjohn Business’s products. The Upjohn Business also faces competition in the United States, the European Union and other mature markets that have a robust generics market and favorable regulatory conditions for generics.

All of the Upjohn Business’s products also face potential competition from products that may be developed in the future that could render its products uncompetitive or obsolete. For example, companies may develop medicines that treat the same indications targeted by the Upjohn Business’s products, and these medicines could be more effective than the Upjohn Business’s or patients and physicians could prefer these medicines over the Upjohn Business’s. The introduction of these new competing products could also have a negative impact on the sales of the Upjohn Business’s products and its results of operations.

 

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Other factors in the pharmaceutical industry that could affect the competition that the Upjohn Business faces include:

 

   

the strength of the Upjohn Business’s competitors, including their reputation, financial resources and product offerings;

 

   

the markets in which the Upjohn Business competes or intends to enter, including the competitors in a market, dynamics of a market, and the regulatory environment (and any potential changes in those markets);

 

   

vertical integration of pharmacies and large purchasing organizations;

 

   

any consolidation among distribution outlets through mergers and acquisitions and the formation of buying groups;

 

   

the willingness of the Upjohn Business’s customers, including wholesale and retail customers, to switch among products of different pharmaceutical manufacturers; and

 

   

pricing pressures by competitors and customers or changes in governmental policies with respect to pharmaceutical pricing.

The historical results of operations of the Upjohn Business include sales of certain products that had market exclusivity during the periods represented, and some of those products have since lost or will lose market exclusivity. The Upjohn Business expects that the revenue from the sales of these products will decline after loss of exclusivity (“LOE”) and, therefore, the historical results of operations of the Upjohn Business may not be indicative of future results of operations.

In 2018, revenue from Lyrica sales in the United States was approximately $3.6 billion, representing 29% of the Upjohn Business’s worldwide revenues. In June 2019, Lyrica’s pediatric exclusivity in the United States expired, and multi-source generic competition commenced in the United States on July 19, 2019. Furthermore, over the next several years, several of the Upjohn Business’s products may lose market exclusivity upon entry of generics in certain markets, including Celebrex in Japan as early as June 2020 and Lyrica in Japan in or before December 2022, following patent expirations in November 2019 and April 2022, respectively. In 2018, revenue from Celebrex sales in Japan was $248 million, and revenue from Lyrica sales in Japan was $718 million, representing 2% and 6% of the Upjohn Business’s worldwide revenues, respectively.

Prices of drugs often decline after they lose market exclusivity, especially once generic pharmaceutical companies (including low-cost generic producers based in China and India) receive approvals and enter the market for a given product, which intensifies competition. Consistent with sales trends following loss of exclusivity, revenue from Lyrica sales in the United States decreased significantly after the second quarter of 2019, and the Upjohn Business expects revenue from Celebrex and Lyrica sales in Japan to decrease significantly upon patent expiration. However, the Lyrica pain use patent in Japan is currently the subject of an invalidity proceeding before the Japanese Patent Office (the “JPO”) and, if the action is determined adversely to the Upjohn Business, it could result in revenue from Lyrica sales in Japan experiencing a significant decrease earlier than December 2022. The Upjohn Business may not be successful in managing post-LOE revenues or competition from non-branded generics or other alternatives, and its business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected. This could also cause the Upjohn Business’s overall net revenue and profits to decrease and have a material adverse impact on the Upjohn Business’s business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, such competition, other competition across multiple products or other declines in the Upjohn Business brands could result in a material impairment of the Upjohn Business’s long-lived assets or the acceleration of amortization or depreciation on the Upjohn Business’s long-lived assets, which may have a material adverse impact on the Upjohn Business, its financial condition and its results of operations.

 

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A substantial portion of the Upjohn Business’s revenues is derived from a limited number of its branded products, and, therefore, any adverse event with respect to those products could have a negative impact on the Upjohn Business’s results of operations.

The Upjohn Business derives a substantial portion of its revenue from the sales of a limited number of its branded products. For the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and the year ended December 31, 2018, the Upjohn Business derived 74.9% and 75.3%, respectively, of its revenue from the sale of Lyrica, Lipitor, Norvasc, Celebrex and Viagra, its top 5 products by revenue. The Upjohn Business’s dependence on the sales of a limited number of products exposes the Upjohn Business to the risk that, if there is an adverse event with respect to any of those products, such as a manufacturing delay, a competitor product that decreases demand for the product, increased pricing pressures, manufacturing defects or quality concerns, safety concerns, counterfeiting issues or any other impacts to the positive brand reputation of the products, the Upjohn Business’s results of operations could be negatively affected.

The Upjohn Business’s success depends on its ability to attract, retain and motivate qualified personnel.

The Upjohn Business’s ability to compete in the pharmaceutical industry depends upon its ability to attract and retain highly qualified personnel. The Upjohn Business may not be able to identify qualified candidates to join its team, and it may not be successful in motivating and retaining those employees. The Upjohn Business’s industry has experienced a high rate of turnover of such personnel in recent years, particularly in China. If the Upjohn Business loses one or more of its key employees, its ability to implement its business strategy successfully could be materially adversely affected. Furthermore, replacing key employees may be difficult and may take an extended period of time because of the limited number of individuals in the Upjohn Business’s industry with the breadth of skills and experience required to commercialize pharmaceutical products successfully. Competition to hire from this limited pool is intense, and the Upjohn Business may be unable to hire, train, retain or motivate these additional key employees on acceptable terms given the competition among numerous pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies for similar personnel. The Upjohn Business also experiences competition for the hiring of scientific and clinical personnel from universities and research institutions.

In addition, certain aspects of the Upjohn Business depend on the efforts, skills, reputations and business relationships of certain key personnel who are not obligated to remain employed with the Upjohn Business. The loss of these personnel, particularly to competitors, could jeopardize the Upjohn Business’s relationships with customers and materially and adversely affect its business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

The Upjohn Business faces increased pricing pressures in key markets, including developed markets and emerging markets. Any decrease in the price, or reduction in the sales volume, of Upjohn products could have a negative effect on its results of operations.

The pharmaceutical industry has in recent years been the subject of significant publicity regarding the pricing of pharmaceutical products in the United States and elsewhere, including publicity and pressure resulting from prices charged by competitors and peer companies for new products as well as price increases by competitors and peer companies on older products that the public has deemed excessive. Any downward pricing pressure on the Upjohn Business’s products arising from social or political pressure to lower the cost of pharmaceutical products could have a material adverse impact on the Upjohn Business and its business, financial condition and results of operations.

There has also been increasing U.S. federal and state legislative and enforcement interest with respect to drug pricing, as well as from multinational organizations such as the United Nations, the World Health Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. For instance, the U.S. Department of Justice issued subpoenas to pharmaceutical companies seeking information about the sales,

 

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marketing and pricing of certain generic drugs. In addition to the effects of any investigations or claims brought against the Upjohn Business, its business, financial condition and results of operations could also be adversely affected if any such inquiries, of the Upjohn Business or of other pharmaceutical companies or the industry more generally, were to result in legislative or regulatory measures that limit the Upjohn Business’s ability to effectively price its products. Efforts by government officials or legislators to implement measures to regulate prices or payment for pharmaceutical products, including legislation on drug importation, could adversely affect the Upjohn Business if implemented. There continues to be considerable public and government scrutiny of pharmaceutical pricing and measures to address the perceived high cost of pharmaceuticals are being considered by Congress, the Presidential Administration and select states. In addition to new state transparency laws and the introduction of several Federal pricing bills, we have also seen the Presidential Administration introduce proposals related to prescription drug importation and the implementation of an “International Pricing Index” model for Medicare Part B. We expect to see continued focus in regulating pricing resulting in additional legislation and regulation that could adversely impact revenue.

Outside the United States, governments may use a variety of cost-containment measures applicable to the Upjohn Business’s pharmaceutical products, including price cuts, mandatory rebates, health technology assessments, forced localization as a condition of market access, “international reference pricing” (i.e., the practice of a country linking its regulated medicine prices to those of other countries), quality consistency evaluation processes and volume-based procurement. This international patchwork of price regulation and differing economic conditions and incomplete value assessments across countries has led to varying access to quality medicines in many markets and some third-party trade in the Upjohn Business products between countries and may have an adverse impact on the pricing of Upjohn products and as a result, the Upjohn Business and its business, financial condition and results of operations.

In addition, “tender systems” for pharmaceuticals, in particular generic pharmaceuticals, have been implemented in a number of significant markets in which the Upjohn Business operates in an effort to lower prices. Under such tender systems, pharmaceutical companies submit bids to be selected by the payer or the delegated governmental agency. As a result, this tendering process tends to establish lower prices for generic pharmaceutical products and increases pricing pressures on post-LOE medicines. These measures impact marketing practices and reimbursement of drugs and may further increase pressure on reimbursement margins. Certain other countries and/or payers may consider the implementation of a tender system. Failing to win tenders or the Upjohn Business’s withdrawal from participating in tenders, or the implementation of similar systems in other markets leading to further price declines, could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business and its business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Upjohn Business faces downward pricing pressure from government initiatives in China. Any decrease in the price, or reduction in the sales volume, of Upjohn products could have a negative effect on the Upjohn Business’s results of operations.

In China, pricing pressures have increased in recent years, and the Chinese government has also increased its focus on patient access and reimbursement for pharmaceutical medicines.

In China, medicines that are approved for use by the National Medical Products Administration are subject to a number of regulations and market practices which can impact patient access, including availability in hospitals, pricing and reimbursement. For example, products must participate in provincial level bidding procedures, historically without any volume guarantees, where prices are established and selected products can then be sold in local public hospitals. From the pool of products, each hospital can select which products to carry and, in some cases, additional price negotiations occur. There is also a national reimbursement drug list, updated periodically, that governs which products will be covered by public health insurance, and from August of 2019, local governments have no flexibility to make adjustments or set coverage conditions. In China, the Upjohn Business has largely been engaging in provincial bidding and negotiating with hospitals to sell its products.

In 2013, China began to implement a quality consistency evaluation process (“QCE”) for post-LOE products to improve the quality of domestically manufactured generic drugs, primarily by requiring such drugs to

 

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pass a test to assess their bioequivalence to a qualified reference drug (typically the originator drug). At the end of the first quarter of 2019, there were 99 distinct molecules in total that had passed QCE, with an additional 157 undergoing QCE registration.

In addition, volume-based tendering has been implemented in certain cities in China to significantly decrease prices for non-patented drug products. A pilot project for centralized procurement of 25 molecules that have passed QCE, including atorvastatin calcium tablets (Lipitor) and amlodipine besylate tablets (Norvasc), was launched in March 2019, covering 11 major Chinese cities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing, Shenyang, Dalian, Xiamen, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chengdu and Xian). In that pilot procurement project, the successful bidder on a particular drug collected a guaranteed portion of the purchase amount from all 11 cities. Atorvastatin, the generic molecule of Lipitor, and amlodipine, the generic molecule of Norvasc, were among the products included in the tender process. The Upjohn Business and most originator brands were not successful in the first bidding process which was finalized in December 2018 and implemented in March 2019, and those contracts mostly went to local Chinese generic companies. The first bidding process resulted in significant price cuts for the molecules included. The first bidding process resulted in significant price cuts with some bidders reducing the price of their products by as much as 96 percent, as companies attempted to secure volumes on the Chinese pharmaceutical market. The drugs that lost the bidding were also requested to reduce their selling price up to 30 percent based on the price difference with the successful bidder.

In July 2019, China’s government announced a plan for a nationwide expansion of the volume-based procurement project (excluding cities that are covered by the pilot project described above), which has been officially rolled out since September 2019. Under the rules of the new tender system, up to 70 percent of sales volume may be guaranteed to the lowest three bidders, which is an increase from the 50 percent of volume that was guaranteed in the pilot phase of the project. The Upjohn Business and most originator brands were not successful in the first bidding process for this expanded project, which was finalized on September 24, 2019 and was implemented in December 2019, and those contracts mostly went to local Chinese generic companies. In late 2019, China announced another round of expansion of its national volume-based procurement program. In this wave, China may allocate up to 80 percent of the volume to as many as six winners of the bidding process.

The Upjohn Business expects pricing pressures on Lipitor, Norvasc, and any other of its products to increase as a result of the above-mentioned pilot project and the national volume-based procurement project, and the Upjohn Business may be unable to successfully win contracts through these centralized procurement projects in the future. The Upjohn Business has failed, and may continue to fail, to win bids due to various factors, including uncompetitive bidding price. If the Upjohn Business’s bids fail to win in these centralized procurement projects or if prices are significantly cut, the market share, revenue and profitability of the products concerned could be adversely affected. In addition, the procurement projects or other similar programs could expand in the future to include additional molecules, including those that the Upjohn Business sells. Any of these developments could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business, its financial position and its results of operations.

Furthermore, the Chinese government has discussed moving toward efforts to unify the reimbursement price between QCE-approved generic medicines and the applicable original medicines. The government currently plans to implement this universal reimbursement price initiative within the next two to three years. If this policy is implemented, the new reimbursement level will likely be lower than the current reimbursement level for the Upjohn Business’s products, placing additional pressures on price and/or patient copay. There remains uncertainty as to whether, when and how this policy may be officially implemented. The Chinese government could also enact other policies that may increase pricing pressures or have the effect of reducing the volume of sales available to the Upjohn Business’s products. This potential policy, and any other policies like it that could increase pricing and copay pressures on the Upjohn Business’s drug products in China, could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business and its business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

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If the Upjohn Business fails to maintain a positive reputation or is unable to conduct effective marketing, many aspects of the Upjohn Business and its prospects could be adversely affected.

The Upjohn Business believes that market awareness and recognition of its brands have contributed significantly to the success of its business. The Upjohn Business also believes that maintaining and enhancing these brands, especially market perceptions of the safety and quality of its products, is critical to maintaining its competitive advantage, particularly given that most of its branded products have lost exclusivity in major markets. The reputation of the Upjohn Business’s brands is particularly critical in Greater China and promotion-sensitive emerging market countries, which are critical to its growth strategies, where the Upjohn Business currently benefits from consumer preference for branded products over non-branded generics. If any of the Upjohn Business’s products or similar products that other companies distribute are subject to market withdrawal or recall or are proven to be, or are claimed to be, harmful to patients, then this could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business, its business, financial condition and results of operations. Also, because the Upjohn Business is dependent on market perceptions, negative publicity associated with product quality, illness or other adverse effects resulting from, or perceived to be resulting from, the Upjohn Business’s products could have a material adverse impact on its business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Upjohn Business’s sales and marketing efforts are anchored by promoting its products to physicians, pharmacists, clinics and hospitals. Therefore, the Upjohn Business’s sales and marketing force, whether in-house sales representatives or third-party commercial partners, must possess a relatively high level of technical knowledge, up-to-date understanding of industry trends and expertise in the relevant therapeutic areas and products, as well as promotion and communication skills. In addition, the Upjohn Business has a network of third-party commercial partners that it uses to sell its products, including Pfizer. The Upjohn Business may also expand its network of third-party commercial partners to increase its marketing efforts. It may be difficult to effectively manage the Upjohn Business’s brand reputation as the Upjohn Business has relatively limited control over these third-party commercial partners. If the Upjohn Business is unable to effectively train its in-house sales representatives and third-party commercial partners or monitor and evaluate their marketing performances, the Upjohn Business’s sales and marketing may be less successful than desired.

While the Upjohn Business will continue to promote its brands to remain competitive, the Upjohn Business may not be successful in doing so. If the Upjohn Business is unable to increase or maintain the effectiveness and efficiency of its sales and marketing activities, including investments in digital marketing initiatives and other emerging sales channels, in particular in Greater China and emerging markets, or if the Upjohn Business incurs excessive marketing and promotion expenses to do so, the Upjohn Business and its business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.

A significant portion of the Upjohn Business’s operations is conducted in jurisdictions outside of the United States and is subject to the economic, political, legal and business environments of the countries in which the Upjohn Business operates.

A significant portion of the Upjohn Business’s operations is conducted in jurisdictions outside of the United States. The Upjohn Business’s international operations could be limited or disrupted by any of the following:

 

   

volatility in the international financial markets;

 

   

compliance with governmental controls;

 

   

difficulties enforcing contractual and intellectual property rights;

 

   

compliance with a wide variety of laws and regulations, such as the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the “FCPA”) and similar non-U.S. laws and regulations, including anti-corruption laws in China;

 

   

compliance with foreign labor laws;

 

   

increased use of generic medicines in the Upjohn Business’s markets;

 

   

burdens to comply with multiple and potentially conflicting foreign laws and regulations, including those relating to environmental, health and safety requirements;

 

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changes in laws, regulations, government controls or enforcement practices with respect to the Upjohn Business and the businesses of the Upjohn Business’s customers;

 

   

the impact of public health epidemics, such as the coronavirus outbreak emanating from China;

 

   

political and social instability, including crime, civil disturbance, terrorist activities and armed conflicts;

 

   

trade restrictions and restrictions on direct investments by foreign entities, including restrictions administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Department of the Treasury (the “Treasury Department”);

 

   

changes in tax laws and tariffs, including changes in tariffs resulting from the escalation of trade tensions between China and the United States;

 

   

the consequences of the U.K.’s exit from the E.U. and the terms of the future trading relationship between the U.K. government and the E.U., which could have implications on the commercial and general business operations of the Upjohn Business in the U.K. and the E.U., including the supply of products;

 

   

costs and difficulties in staffing, managing and monitoring international operations; and

 

   

longer payment cycles and increased exposure to counterparty risk.

Furthermore, the multinational nature of the Upjohn Business subjects it to potential risks that various taxing authorities may challenge the pricing of its cross-border arrangements and subject it to additional tax, adversely impacting its effective tax rate and the Upjohn Business’s tax liability.

In addition, international transactions may involve increased financial and legal risks due to differing legal systems, requirements and customs. These requirements may prohibit the import or export of certain products and technologies or may require the Upjohn Business to obtain a license before importing or exporting certain products or technologies. A failure to comply with applicable laws, regulations or requirements could result in civil or criminal legal proceedings, monetary or non-monetary penalties, or both, disruptions to the Upjohn Business, limitations on its ability to import and export products and services and damage to its reputation. In addition, variations in the pricing of the Upjohn Business’s products between jurisdictions may result in the unauthorized importation of the Upjohn Business’s products between jurisdictions. While the impact of these factors is difficult to predict, any of them could materially adversely affect the Upjohn Business’s financial condition and results of operations. Changes in any of these laws, regulations or requirements, or the political environment in a particular country, may affect the Upjohn Business’s ability to engage in business transactions in certain markets, including investment, procurement and repatriation of earnings.

The Upjohn Business is subject to the FCPA, the U.K. Bribery Act, Chinese anti-corruption laws and similar worldwide anti-corruption laws, which impose restrictions on certain conduct and may carry substantial fines and penalties.

The Upjohn Business is subject to the FCPA, the U.K. Bribery Act, Chinese anti-corruption laws and similar anti-corruption laws in other jurisdictions. These laws generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from engaging in bribery or making other prohibited payments to government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business, and some have record keeping requirements. The failure to comply with these laws could result in substantial criminal and/or monetary penalties. The Upjohn Business operates in jurisdictions that have experienced corruption, bribery, payoffs and other similar practices from time to time and, in certain circumstances, such practices may be local custom. The Upjohn Business has implemented internal control policies and procedures that mandate compliance with these anti-corruption laws. However, the Upjohn Business cannot be certain that these policies and procedures will protect it against liability. There can be no assurance that the Upjohn Business’s employees or other agents will not engage in conduct that might expose the Upjohn Business to liability under anti-corruption laws. If the Upjohn Business’s employees or agents are found to have engaged in such practices, the Upjohn Business could suffer severe criminal or civil penalties,

 

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reputational harm and other consequences that could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business and its business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Upjohn Business may not be able to realize the expected benefits of its investments in emerging markets.

The Upjohn Business has been taking steps to increase its presence in emerging markets, including by expanding its manufacturing presence, sales organization and product offerings in these markets. Failure to continue to maintain and expand its business in emerging markets could also materially adversely affect its business, financial condition and results of operations.

Some countries within emerging markets may be especially vulnerable to periods of local, regional or global economic, political or social instability or crisis. For example, the Upjohn Business’s sales in certain emerging market countries have suffered from extended periods of disruption due to natural disasters. Furthermore, the Upjohn Business has also experienced lower than expected sales in certain emerging market countries due to local, regional and global restrictions on banking and commercial activities in those countries. In addition, certain emerging market countries have currencies that fluctuate substantially, which may impact the Upjohn Business’s financial performance. For all these and other reasons, sales within emerging markets carry significant risks.

The Upjohn Business is subject to risk based on global and industry-specific economic conditions.

The Upjohn Business is exposed to both global and industry-specific economic conditions. While global economic conditions have been fairly stable as a whole in recent years, continued concerns about the systemic impact of potential geopolitical issues and economic policy uncertainty, particularly in areas in which the Upjohn Business operates, could potentially cause economic and market instability in the future and could adversely affect the Upjohn Business, including its financial performance. Challenging economic conditions could also adversely affect the ability of patients or payers to purchase pharmaceutical products or the ability of third-party distributors, partners, manufacturers and suppliers to buy inventory or raw materials and to perform their obligations under agreements with the Upjohn Business, any of which could disrupt the Upjohn Business’s operations.

Global efforts toward healthcare cost containment continue to exert pressure on product pricing and market access. Governments, corporations and insurance companies, which provide insurance benefits to patients, have implemented increases in cost-sharing and restrictions on access to medicines, potentially causing patients to switch to lower-cost generic products and away from branded products, delay treatments, skip doses or use less effective treatments. Any of these patient behaviors may decrease demand for the Upjohn Business’s branded products or cause the Upjohn Business to decrease its prices. Moreover, government financing pressures can lead to negative pricing pressure in various markets where governments take an active role in setting prices, access criteria (e.g., through public or private health technology assessments) or other means of cost control. Examples include China, Europe, Japan, Canada, Saudi Arabia and a number of other international markets. The United States continues to maintain competitive insurance markets, but has also seen significant increases in patient cost-sharing and growing government influence as government programs continue to grow as a source of coverage, which may increase negative pricing pressure in that market. The Upjohn Business’s success in the United States depends in large part on insurance coverage of its products. If large insurers cease to cover the Upjohn Business’s products, its business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected.

Changes in China’s economic, political and social conditions, as well as government policies, could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business, its financial condition and its results of operations.

A substantial portion of the Upjohn Business’s revenue is derived from its businesses in China and the Upjohn Business’s current global headquarters is located in Shanghai, China. In the nine months ended

 

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September 29, 2019 and in the year ended December 31, 2018, approximately 23% and 19% of the Upjohn Business’s revenue was generated in its Greater China business segment, respectively. Accordingly, the Upjohn Business’s financial condition and results of operations are, to a material extent, affected by economic, political and legal developments in China. China’s economy differs from the economies of developed countries in many respects, including, among others, the degree of government involvement, investment control, level of economic development, growth rate, foreign exchange controls and resource allocation. In addition, any litigation in China may be protracted and result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention. Some of the other risks related to doing business in China include:

 

   

the Chinese government exerts substantial influence over the manner in which the Upjohn Business must conduct its business activities;

 

   

restrictions on currency exchange may limit the Upjohn Business’s ability to receive and use its cash effectively;

 

   

the Upjohn Business may face increased uncertainties related to the enforcement of intellectual property rights;

 

   

the Chinese government may favor local businesses and make it more difficult for foreign businesses to operate in China on an equal footing, or generally;

 

   

the Upjohn Business may face increased uncertainties related to the enforcement of contracts with certain parties; and

 

   

more restrictive rules on foreign investment could adversely affect the Upjohn Business’s ability to expand its operations in China.

As a result of the Upjohn Business’s operations in China, these risks could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business, its business, financial condition and results of operations.

Although China’s economy has been transitioning to an increasingly market-oriented economy for more than three decades, a substantial portion of productive assets in China are still owned or operated by the Chinese government. The Chinese government is also involved in allocating resources, controlling payments of foreign currency-denominated obligations, setting monetary policy and providing preferential treatment to particular industries or companies. In recent years, the Chinese government has implemented measures emphasizing the utilization of market forces, the reduction of state ownership of productive assets and the establishment of sound corporate governance practices in business enterprises. Some of these measures benefit the overall Chinese economy, but may materially and adversely affect the Upjohn Business. For example, the Upjohn Business’s financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected by government policies on the pharmaceutical industry in China or changes in tax regulations applicable to the Upjohn Business. If the market condition in China deteriorates, or if trade relations between China and the United States deteriorate, the Upjohn Business may be materially and adversely affected.

In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus was reported to have surfaced in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. At the time of this filing, the outbreak has been largely concentrated in China, although cases have been confirmed in several other countries. The extent to which the coronavirus impacts the Upjohn Business’s operations will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of the coronavirus and the actions to contain the coronavirus or treat its impact, among others.

The pharmaceutical industry in China is highly regulated, and such regulations are subject to change, which may affect approval and commercialization of the Upjohn Business products.

The pharmaceutical industry in China is subject to comprehensive government regulation and supervision. In recent years, the regulatory framework in China regarding the pharmaceutical industry has undergone significant

 

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changes, which are expected to continue. While it is believed that the Upjohn Business’s strategies regarding pharmaceutical research, development, manufacturing and commercialization in China are aligned with the Chinese government’s policies, they may in the future diverge, requiring a change in such strategies. Any such change may result in increased compliance costs on the Upjohn Business or cause delays in or prevent the successful research, development, manufacturing or commercialization of the Upjohn Business products in China and reduce the current benefits that are available to the Upjohn Business from developing and manufacturing drugs in China.

Chinese authorities have become increasingly vigilant in enforcing laws in the pharmaceutical industry. Any failure by the Upjohn Business or its partners to maintain compliance with applicable laws and regulations or obtain and maintain required licenses and permits may result in the suspension or termination of Upjohn Business’s activities in China.

There are uncertainties regarding the interpretation and enforcement of the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”)’s laws, rules and regulations.

A substantial portion of the Upjohn Business is conducted in China through its Chinese subsidiaries, which are governed by PRC laws, rules and regulations. Such subsidiaries are subject to laws, rules and regulations applicable to foreign investment in China. The PRC legal system is a civil law system based on written statutes. Unlike the common law system, prior court decisions may be cited for reference but have limited precedential value.

In 1979, the PRC government began to promulgate a comprehensive system of laws, rules and regulations governing economic matters in general. The overall effect of legislation over the past four decades has significantly enhanced the protections afforded to various forms of foreign investment in China. However, China has not developed a fully integrated legal system, and recently enacted laws, rules and regulations may not sufficiently cover all aspects of economic activities in China or may be subject to significant degrees of interpretation by PRC regulatory agencies. In particular, because these laws, rules and regulations are relatively new and often give the relevant regulator significant discretion in how to enforce them, and because of the limited number of published decisions and the nonbinding nature of such decisions, the interpretation and enforcement of these laws, rules and regulations involve uncertainties and can be inconsistent and unpredictable. In addition, the PRC legal system is based in part on government policies and internal rules, some of which are not published on a timely basis or at all, and which may have a retroactive effect. As a result, the Upjohn Business may not be aware of its violation of these policies and rules until after the occurrence of the violation.

In addition, any administrative and court proceedings in the PRC may be protracted, resulting in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention. Since PRC administrative and court authorities have significant discretion in interpreting and implementing statutory and contractual terms, it may be more difficult than in more developed legal systems to evaluate the outcome of administrative and court proceedings and the level of legal protection the Upjohn Business enjoys in China. These uncertainties may impede the ability of the Upjohn Business to enforce the contracts it has entered into and could materially and adversely affect the Upjohn Business, its financial condition and its results of operations.

Foreign exchange rate fluctuations and potential currency controls affect the Upjohn Business’s results of operations, as reported in the Upjohn Business’s financial statements.

The Upjohn Business conducts operations in many areas of the world, involving transactions denominated in a variety of currencies. In the year ended December 31, 2018 and the nine months ended September 29, 2019, the Upjohn Business generated approximately 55% and 61%, respectively, of its revenues in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, principally the Chinese renminbi, the Japanese yen, the Korean won, the euro and approximately 53 other currencies. The Upjohn Business is subject to currency exchange rate risk to the extent that its costs are denominated in currencies other than those in which it earns revenues. In addition, because the Upjohn Business’s financial statements are reported in U.S. dollars, changes in currency exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and other currencies have an impact on the Upjohn Business’s results of operations.

 

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The Upjohn Business also faces risks arising from currency devaluations and the imposition of cash repatriation restrictions and exchange controls. Currency devaluations result in a diminished value of funds denominated in the currency of the country instituting the devaluation. Cash repatriation restrictions and exchange controls may limit the Upjohn Business’s ability to convert foreign currencies into U.S. dollars or to remit dividends and other payments by its foreign subsidiaries or businesses located in or conducted within a country imposing restrictions or controls. While the Upjohn Business currently has no need, and does not intend, to repatriate or convert cash held in countries that have significant restrictions or controls in place, should the Upjohn Business need to do so to fund its operations, it may be unable to repatriate or convert such cash, or unable to do so without incurring substantial costs.

The Upjohn Business earns a significant portion of its revenue in Renminbi. The value of the Renminbi against the U.S. dollar and other currencies may fluctuate and is affected by, among other things, changes in political and economic conditions and the foreign exchange policy proposed or adopted by the China, U.S. and other non-U.S. governments. It is difficult to predict how market forces or U.S., China and other non-U.S. government policies may impact the exchange rate of Renminbi and the U.S. dollar or any other currencies in the future. There remains significant international pressure on the Chinese government to adopt a more flexible currency policy, including from the U.S. government, which designated China as a “currency manipulator” in August 2019, which could result in greater fluctuation of the Renminbi against the U.S. dollar. The Chinese government, through the State Administration for Foreign Exchange of China (“SAFE”) and other government agencies, regulates conversion of Renminbi into foreign currencies. Under China’s foreign exchange regulations, payments of current account items, including dividend payments, interest payments and expenditures from trade, are freely exchangeable into foreign currencies without prior government approval, provided that certain procedural requirements are met. However, the Chinese government may limit the foreign exchange under the payments of current account items in the future.

Conversion of currency in the “capital account” (e.g., capital items such as direct investments or loans) requires the approval of SAFE or its local branches. These limitations could materially and adversely affect the ability of the Upjohn Business’s Chinese operating subsidiaries and affiliated companies to obtain foreign currencies through equity financing or for capital expenditures, therefore impeding the Upjohn Business’s overall business operations.

Manufacturing problems and capacity imbalances may cause product launch delays, inventory shortages, recalls or unanticipated costs.

In order for the Upjohn Business to sell its products, it must be able to produce and ship sufficient quantities to meet current demand. The Upjohn Business has a global manufacturing network consisting of eight manufacturing facilities located in seven countries. The Upjohn Business also employs a network of approximately 54 contract manufacturing organizations. Many of the Upjohn Business’s products involve complex manufacturing processes and are sourced from only one manufacturing site.

Deviations in the Upjohn Business’s manufacturing processes, such as temperature excursions or improper package sealing, even if minor, could result in delays, inventory shortages, unanticipated costs, product recalls, product liability and/or regulatory action. In addition, a number of factors could cause production interruptions, including:

 

   

the failure of the Upjohn Business or any of the Upjohn Business’s vendors, suppliers or other third parties to comply with applicable regulations and quality assurance guidelines;

 

   

construction delays;

 

   

equipment malfunctions;

 

   

shortages of materials;

 

   

labor problems;

 

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natural disasters;

 

   

cybersecurity issues and cyberattacks;

 

   

power outages;

 

   

export or import restrictions;

 

   

civil or political unrest;

 

   

terrorist activities;

 

   

changes in manufacturing production sites and limits to manufacturing capacity due to regulatory requirements, changes in types of products produced, shipping distributions or physical limitations; and

 

   

the outbreak of any highly contagious diseases or other health epidemics, such as coronavirus, near the Upjohn Business’s production sites.

The aforementioned interruptions could result in launch delays, inventory shortages, recalls, unanticipated costs or issues with the Upjohn Business’s agreements under which it supplies third parties, which may adversely affect the Upjohn Business’s results of operations. The Upjohn Business has experienced supply shortages with respect to its products in the past, and the Upjohn Business may experience similar shortages in the future. Any such shortages may adversely affect the Upjohn Business’s results of operations.

In addition, regulatory agencies periodically inspect the Upjohn Business’s drug manufacturing facilities to evaluate compliance with applicable current good manufacturing practice (“cGMP”) requirements. Failure to comply with these requirements may subject the Upjohn Business to possible legal or regulatory actions, such as warning letters, suspension of manufacturing, seizure of product, civil injunctions, criminal proceedings, debarment, recall of a product, delays or denials of product approvals, import bans or denial of import certifications, any of which could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business, its financial condition and its results of operations.

Moreover, the Upjohn Business’s manufacturing network may be unable to meet the demand for the Upjohn Business’s products or the Upjohn Business may have excess capacity if demand for its products changes. The Upjohn Business’s strategy depends in part on its ability to drive volume growth and capture growth opportunities in its target markets. The unpredictability of a product’s regulatory or commercial success or failure, the lead time necessary to construct highly complex manufacturing sites and shifting customer demand (including as a result of market conditions or entry of branded or generic competition) increase the potential for capacity imbalances. In addition, construction of sites is expensive, and the Upjohn Business’s ability to recover costs will depend on the market acceptance and success of the products produced at the new sites, which is uncertain. Supply may also not be sufficient to meet the growing demand in certain markets. Any of these factors could materially adversely affect the Upjohn Business, its financial condition and results of operations. In addition, Newco will enter into the Manufacturing and Supply Agreements, pursuant to which Newco will manufacture and supply certain products to Pfizer on an interim, transitional basis. See “Additional Transaction Agreements—Manufacturing and Supply Agreements.”

Newco may incur substantial costs and be subject to adverse outcomes in litigation and other legal matters.

The Upjohn Business is or may become the subject of various legal proceedings, including product liability, personal injury, consumer, off-label promotion, securities, antitrust and breach of contract claims; commercial, environmental, government investigations, employment, and tax litigation; and other legal proceedings that arise from time to time in the ordinary course of its business. Litigation and other legal proceedings are inherently unpredictable, and excessive verdicts and judgments do occur. Although Newco believes that it has or may have meritorious defenses in these matters, it could in the future incur judgments, enter into settlements of claims or revise its expectations regarding the outcomes of certain matters, and such developments could have a material

 

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adverse effect on its results of operations in the period in which the amounts are accrued and/or its cash flows in the period in which the amounts are paid. For more information regarding legal proceedings involving the Upjohn Business, see the section titled “Information about the Upjohn Business—Legal Proceedings”

Like other pharmaceutical companies, the Upjohn Business is subject to investigations and extensive regulation by government agencies in the Unites States, China and other developed markets and emerging markets in which it operates. As a result, the Upjohn Business has interactions with government agencies on an ongoing basis. Criminal charges, substantial fines and/or civil penalties, limitations on the Upjohn Business’s ability to conduct business in applicable jurisdictions, as well as reputational harm and increased public interest in the matter could result from government investigations.

The Upjohn Business’s activities relating to the sale and marketing and the pricing of its products are subject to extensive regulation under the U.S. Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Medicaid Drug Rebate Program, the FCPA, the Federal Drug Supply Chain Security Act in the United States, the Falsified Medicines Directive in the European Union and several other such regulations in other countries that require the Upjohn Business to develop electronic systems to serialize, track, trace and authenticate units of its products through the supply chain and distribution system, the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 and the related regulations administered by the Drug Enforcement Agency in the United States and other federal and state statutes, as well as anti-kickback and false claims laws, and similar laws in China and other jurisdictions. Like many companies in its industry, the Upjohn Business has from time to time received inquiries and subpoenas and other types of information demands from government authorities, and been subject to claims and other actions related to its business activities brought by governmental authorities, as well as by consumers and private payers. The Upjohn Business may incur significant expense, civil payments, fines and other adverse consequences as a result of these claims, actions and inquiries. For example, these claims, actions and inquiries may relate to alleged failures to accurately interpret or identify or prevent non-compliance with the laws and regulations associated with the dissemination of product information (approved and unapproved), potentially resulting in government enforcement and damage to the Upjohn Business’s reputation. This risk may be heightened by digital marketing, including social media, mobile applications and blogger outreach.

The Upjohn Business is subject to complex environmental, health and safety laws and regulations.

The Upjohn Business is subject to various federal, state, local and international environmental, health and safety laws and regulations. These laws and regulations govern matters such as the emission and discharge of hazardous materials into the ground, air or water; the generation, use, storage, handling, treatment, packaging, transportation, exposure to, and disposal of hazardous and biological materials, including record keeping, reporting and registration requirements; climate change; and the health and safety of the Upjohn Business employees. These laws and regulations also require the Upjohn Business to obtain, and comply with, permits, registrations or other authorizations issued by governmental authorities. These authorities can modify or revoke the Upjohn Business’s permits, registrations or other authorizations and can enforce compliance through fines and injunctions.

Given the nature of the Upjohn Business, the Upjohn Business may incur liabilities under the United States Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (“CERCLA”), or under other federal, state, local and international environmental cleanup laws, with respect to Upjohn Business sites, adjacent or nearby third-party sites, or offsite disposal locations. The costs associated with future cleanup activities that the Upjohn Business may be required to conduct or finance could be material. Additionally, the Upjohn Business may become liable to third parties for damages, including personal injury and property damage, resulting from the disposal or release of hazardous materials into the environment. Such liability could materially adversely affect the Upjohn Business’s operating results and financial condition.

The Upjohn Business’s failure to comply with the environmental, health and safety laws and regulations to which it is subject, including any permits issued thereunder, may result in environmental remediation costs, loss

 

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of permits, fines, penalties or other sanctions, adverse governmental or private actions, including regulatory or judicial orders enjoining or curtailing operations or requiring corrective measures, installation of pollution control equipment or other remedial measures. The Upjohn Business could also be held liable for any and all consequences arising out of human exposure to hazardous materials or environmental damage in connection with its current, future or past operations. Environmental laws and regulations are complex, change frequently, have tended to become more stringent and stringently enforced over time and may be subject to new interpretation in the future. The costs of complying with, or liabilities under, such laws and regulations are difficult to accurately predict, and the Upjohn Business’s environmental capital expenditures and costs for environmental compliance may increase substantially in the future as a result of changes in environmental laws and regulations, the development and manufacturing of a new product or increased development or manufacturing activities at any of the Upjohn Business’s facilities. Accordingly, the Upjohn Business’s costs of complying with current and future environmental, health and safety laws, and its liabilities arising from past or future releases of, or exposure to, hazardous materials could exceed current estimates and materially adversely affect its business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Upjohn Business relies on the effectiveness of its trademarks for its branded products and a combination of other intellectual property rights to protect its business and proprietary technology, and if those trademarks or other intellectual property rights are violated or not upheld, its results of operations may be negatively affected.

The sales of the Upjohn Business’s branded products, including for a price greater than the price of generic alternatives, depends in part on the trademark for those brands. If those trademarks are violated or not upheld, and other companies begin to sell alternatives using the same name, the Upjohn Business could be negatively affected. Any challenge to, or invalidation or circumvention of, the Upjohn Business’s trademark rights could be costly, require significant time and attention of the Upjohn Business’s management, and materially adversely affect the Upjohn Business, its results of operations or its financial condition.

In the United States and other countries, the Upjohn Business currently holds issued trademark registrations and has trademark applications pending, any of which may be the subject of a governmental or third-party objection, which could prevent the maintenance or issuance of the same and thus create the potential need to rebrand or relabel a product and which could result in substantial cost, loss of brand recognition and could require the Upjohn Business to devote additional resources to advertising and marketing new brands. The Upjohn Business relies on its trademarks and brand to differentiate it from its competitors and, as a result, if it is unable to prevent third parties from adopting, registering or using trademarks and trade dress that infringe, dilute or otherwise violate its trademark rights, its business could be materially adversely affected. Even if the Upjohn Business is successful in defending the use of its trademarks or preventing third parties from infringing its trademarks, resolution of such disputes may result in substantial costs.

Although the majority of the Upjohn Business’s branded products have lost exclusivity in their major markets and are no longer protected by any patents, the Upjohn Business continues to rely on patent protection for certain of its products. The Upjohn Business still maintains market exclusivity of Celebrex in Japan at least until June 2020, following patent expiration of the compound patent in November 2019. The Upjohn Business also still maintains market exclusivity of Lyrica in Japan until December 2022, following patent expiration in April 2022. However, the Lyrica pain use patent is currently subject to an invalidity proceeding in Japan. In February 2019, the JPO issued an interim ruling finding that the claims of the Lyrica pain use patent were invalid and, in July 2019, Pfizer submitted to the JPO proposed claim amendments and objections to the JPO’s decision, which are currently under review by the JPO. In November 2019, rebuttal briefs of the third-party challengers in the proceeding were received, and Pfizer and the Upjohn Business have until February 2020 to reply. A decision on the invalidity action is anticipated in the first half of 2020. Any loss of, or legal challenge to, the validity of patent protection, including in connection with the JPO actions with respect to the Lyrica pain use patent, could result in a material adverse effect to the Upjohn Business’s business, financial condition and results of operations. The Upjohn Business additionally relies, and expects to continue to rely, on a combination of other

 

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intellectual property rights, including trademark, trade dress, copyright, trade secret and domain name protection laws, as well as confidentiality and license agreements with its employees and others, to protect its products and proprietary technology.

In addition, the Upjohn Business is party to various license and other agreements pursuant to which third parties grant the Upjohn Business certain intellectual property rights necessary for its current products. These license agreements include various payment and other obligations, and if the Upjohn Business is unable to maintain its existing license agreements or other agreements, including because such agreements expire or are terminated, the Upjohn Business would lose its ability to develop and commercialize products and technology covered by these license agreements, and its financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

If the Upjohn Business fails to obtain and maintain adequate intellectual property protection, it may not be able to prevent third parties from using its proprietary technologies or from marketing products that are very similar or identical to the Upjohn Business’s. The infringement, misappropriation or other violation of the Upjohn Business’s intellectual property, particularly in jurisdictions outside of the United States where the law may not protect the Upjohn Business’s proprietary rights as fully as in the United States (including China), may occur even when the Upjohn Business takes steps to prevent it. If a third party infringes, misappropriates or otherwise violates the Upjohn Business’s intellectual property in such a jurisdiction, the Upjohn Business may not be able to enforce its rights, obtain any meaningful remedies or otherwise protect its intellectual property effectively.

The illegal distribution and sale by third parties of counterfeit versions of Upjohn products or of stolen Upjohn products could have a negative impact on the Upjohn Business’s reputation and a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition and results of operations.

A counterfeit medicine is one that has been deliberately and fraudulently mislabeled as to its identity and source. A counterfeit Upjohn medicine, therefore, is one manufactured by someone other than the Upjohn Business, but which is offered for sale as an authentic Upjohn medicine. The prevalence of counterfeit medicines is a significant and growing industry-wide issue due to a variety of factors, including, but not limited to: the widespread use of the internet, which has greatly facilitated the ease by which counterfeit medicines can be advertised, purchased and delivered to individual patients; the availability of sophisticated technology that makes it easier for counterfeiters to make counterfeit medicines; the growing involvement in the medicine supply chain of under-regulated wholesalers and repackagers; the lack of adequate inspection at certain international postal facilities as counterfeit medicines are increasingly delivered directly to customers in small parcel packages; the tendency to misuse and abuse medicines; and the relatively modest risk of penalties faced by counterfeiters compared to the large profits that can be earned by them from the sale of counterfeit medicines. Further, laws against pharmaceutical counterfeiting vary greatly from country to country, and the enforcement of existing law varies greatly from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. For example, in some countries, pharmaceutical counterfeiting is not a crime; in others, it may result in only minimal sanctions. In addition, those involved in the distribution of counterfeit medicines use complex transport routes to evade customs controls by disguising the true source of their products.

The Upjohn Business’s global reputation makes its medicines prime targets for counterfeiting organizations. Counterfeit medicines pose a risk to patient health and safety because of the conditions under which they are manufactured – often in unregulated, unlicensed, uninspected and unsanitary sites – as well as the lack of regulation of their contents. Failure to mitigate the threat of counterfeit medicines, which is exacerbated by the complexity of the supply chain (including the Upjohn Business’s operations in China), could adversely impact the Upjohn Business, by, among other things, causing the loss of patient confidence in the Upjohn name and in the integrity of its medicines, potentially resulting in lost sales, product recalls, and an increased threat of litigation. In addition, thefts of inventory at warehouses, plants or while in transit, which are then not properly stored and which are subsequently sold through unauthorized channels could adversely impact patient safety, the Upjohn Business’s reputation and its business.

 

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The Upjohn Business undertakes significant efforts to counteract counterfeit medicines and to secure its supply and distribution chain. However, its efforts and the efforts of others may not be entirely successful, and the presence of counterfeit medicines may continue to increase.

The Upjohn Business may suffer business disruptions as a result of cybersecurity breaches, and its third-party partners may be unable to adequately protect its customers’ privacy.

In the ordinary course of business, the Upjohn Business collects, stores and transmits large amounts of confidential information (including, but not limited to, personal information and intellectual property), and the Upjohn Business deploys and operates an array of technical and procedural controls to maintain the confidentiality and integrity of such confidential information. The Upjohn Business has also outsourced significant elements of its operations to third parties, including significant elements of its information technology infrastructure as part of Pfizer and, as a result, the Upjohn Business is managing many independent vendor relationships with third parties who may or could have access to confidential information. The size and complexity of the Upjohn Business’s information technology and information security systems, and those of its third-party vendors with whom the Upjohn Business contracts (and the large amounts of confidential information that is present on them), make such systems potentially vulnerable to service interruptions or to security breaches from inadvertent or intentional actions by the Upjohn Business’s employees or vendors, or from attacks by malicious third parties. Such attacks are of ever-increasing levels of sophistication and are made by groups and individuals with a wide range of motives (including, but not limited to, industrial espionage) and expertise, including organized criminal groups, “hacktivists,” nation states and others. As a global pharmaceutical company, the Upjohn Business’s systems are subject to frequent attacks. Due to the nature of some of these attacks, there is a risk that they may remain undetected for a period of time. While the Upjohn Business has invested in the protection of data and information technology, there can be no assurance that its efforts will prevent service interruptions or security breaches. Any such interruption or breach of its systems could adversely affect the Upjohn Business’s operations and/or result in the loss of critical or sensitive confidential information or intellectual property, and could result in financial, legal, business and reputational harm to the Upjohn Business. Furthermore, federal, state and international laws and regulations relating to data protection and privacy, including the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation, China’s Cybersecurity Law and the California Consumer Privacy Act, which became effective on January 1, 2020, can expose the Upjohn Business to enforcement actions and investigations by regulatory authorities, and potentially result in regulatory penalties and significant legal liability, if the Upjohn Business’s information technology security efforts fail. To the extent that any disruption or security breach were to result in a loss of, or damage to, the Upjohn Business’s data or applications, or inappropriate disclosure of confidential or proprietary information, the Upjohn Business could incur significant liability and its competitive position could be harmed. Any security compromise in the Upjohn Business’s industry, whether actual or perceived, could harm the Upjohn Business’s reputation, erode confidence in the effectiveness of its security measures, negatively affect its ability to grow the Upjohn Business or subject the Upjohn Business to third-party lawsuits, regulatory fines or other action or liability, which could harm the Upjohn Business.

U.S. healthcare or tax reform legislation could adversely affect the Upjohn Business, its financial condition or its results of operations.

There have been significant efforts at the U.S. federal and state levels to reform the healthcare system by enhancing access to healthcare, improving the delivery of healthcare and further rationalizing payment for healthcare. For example, the Upjohn Business faces uncertainties due to U.S. federal legislative and administrative efforts to repeal, substantially modify or invalidate some or all of the provisions of the U.S. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act (the “ACA”). There is additional uncertainty given the ruling in December 2019 by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit in Texas v. Azar that the individual mandate, which is a significant provision of the ACA, is unconstitutional. The case has been remanded to a lower court to determine whether the individual mandate is inseverable from the entire ACA, in which case the ACA as a whole would be rendered unconstitutional. In the

 

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meantime, the remaining provisions of the law remain in effect. Any future replacement of the ACA may adversely affect the Upjohn Business and its financial results, particularly if the legislation reduces incentives for employer-sponsored insurance coverage or dramatically increases industry taxes and fees. Any future healthcare reform efforts may adversely affect the Upjohn Business, its financial condition or its results of operations.

Risks Relating to the Combined Company

The combined company may not successfully acquire and integrate other businesses, license rights to technologies or products, form and manage alliances or divest businesses.

The combined company may pursue acquisitions, licensing arrangements, strategic alliances or divestitures of some of its products. Proposing, negotiating and implementing these opportunities may be a lengthy and complex process. The combined company may not be able to identify, secure, or complete any such transactions or arrangements in a timely manner, on a cost-effective basis, on acceptable terms, or at all, and such transactions may divert the attention of management from the day-to-day operation of the business. In addition, the combined company may be subject to regulatory constraints or limitations or other unforeseen factors that prevent the combined company from realizing the expected benefits. Such transactions or arrangements may also require actions, consents, approvals, waivers, participation or involvement of various degrees from third parties, such as regulators, government authorities, creditors, licensors or licensees, related individuals, suppliers, distributors, stockholders or other stakeholders or interested parties. The combined company may not obtain such required or desired actions, consent, approval, waiver, participation or involvement on a timely basis, on acceptable terms, or at all. Furthermore, partners, collaborators or other parties to such transactions or arrangements may fail to fully perform their obligations or meet the combined company’s expectations or cooperate with the combined company satisfactorily for various reasons, including risks or uncertainties related to their business and operations. There may be conflicts or other collaboration failures and inefficiencies between the combined company and the other parties.

Even if the combined company is successful in making an acquisition, the products and technologies that are acquired may not be successful or may require significantly greater resources and investments than originally anticipated. The combined company may be unable to integrate acquisitions successfully into its existing business, and the combined company may be unable to achieve expected gross margin improvements or efficiencies. The combined company also could incur or assume significant debt and unknown or contingent liabilities. The combined company’s reported results of operations could be negatively affected by acquisition- or disposition-related charges, amortization of expenses related to intangibles and charges for impairment of long-term assets. The combined company may be subject to litigation in connection with, or as a result of, acquisitions, dispositions, licenses or other alliances, including claims from terminated employees, customers or third parties, and the combined company may be liable for future or existing litigation and claims related to the acquired business, disposition, license or other alliance because either it is not indemnified for such claims or the indemnification is insufficient. These effects could cause the combined company to incur significant expenses and could materially adversely affect the combined company’s financial condition and results of operations.

In addition, certain provisions of the Tax Matters Agreement, which are intended to preserve the intended tax treatment of the Distribution and certain related transactions, may discourage, delay or prevent acquisition proposals and otherwise limit the combined company’s ability to pursue certain strategic transactions or engage in other transactions, including mergers or consolidations for a period of time following the closing of the transactions. Under the Tax Matters Agreement, the combined company will be restricted from taking certain actions for a period of time following the transactions because such actions could adversely affect the intended tax treatment of the Distribution and certain related transactions, and such restrictions could be significant. See “Additional Transaction Agreements—Tax Matters Agreement.”

 

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The combined company will have a substantial amount of indebtedness following the transactions, which could materially adversely affect its financial condition.

The combined company’s level of indebtedness could have important consequences, including but not limited to:

 

   

increasing the combined company’s vulnerability to adverse economic and industry conditions;

 

   

requiring the combined company to dedicate a substantial portion of its cash flow from operations to make debt service payments, thereby reducing the availability of cash flow to fund working capital, capital expenditures, dividends, acquisitions and investments and other general corporate purposes;

 

   

limiting the combined company’s flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, challenges and opportunities, and changes in the combined company’s businesses and the markets in which the combined company operates;

 

   

limiting the combined company’s ability to obtain additional financing to fund its working capital, capital expenditures, dividends, acquisitions and debt service requirements and other financing needs;

 

   

increasing the combined company’s vulnerability to increases in interest rates in general because a substantial portion of the combined company’s indebtedness is expected to bear interest at floating rates; and

 

   

placing the combined company at a competitive disadvantage to its competitors that have less debt.

The combined company’s ability to service its indebtedness will depend on its future operating performance and financial results, which will be subject, in part, to factors beyond its control, including interest rates and general economic, financial and business conditions. If the combined company does not have sufficient cash flow to service its indebtedness, it may need to refinance all or part of its indebtedness, borrow more money or sell securities or assets, some or all of which may not be available to the combined company at acceptable terms or at all. In addition, the combined company may need to incur additional indebtedness in the future. Although the terms of the combined company’s indebtedness are expected to allow the combined company to incur additional debt, this would be subject to certain limitations which may preclude the combined company from incurring the amount of indebtedness it otherwise desires.

In addition, although the combined company is expected to maintain an investment grade credit rating, a downgrade in the credit rating of the combined company or any indebtedness of the combined company or its subsidiaries could increase the cost of further borrowings or refinancings of such indebtedness, limit access to sources of financing in the future or lead to other adverse consequences.

If the combined company incurs additional debt, the severity of the risks described above could increase. If global credit markets contract, future debt financing may not be available to the combined company when required or may not be available on acceptable terms or at all, and as a result the combined company may be unable to grow its business, take advantage of business opportunities, respond to competitive pressures or satisfy its obligations under its indebtedness. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on the combined company’s business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or share price.

The combined company’s outstanding indebtedness following the consummation of the transactions and any additional indebtedness the combined company incurs in the future may impose significant operating and financial restrictions on the combined company. These restrictions may limit the combined company’s ability to, among other things, incur additional indebtedness, make investments, pay certain dividends, merge, consolidate or sell all or substantially all of its assets, incur certain liens and enter into agreements with its affiliates. In addition, the company’s outstanding indebtedness may require the company to maintain specified financial ratios. A breach of any of these covenants or the combined company’s inability to maintain the required financial ratios could result in a default under the related indebtedness. If a default occurs, the relevant lenders could elect

 

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to declare the combined company’s indebtedness, together with accrued interest and other fees, to be immediately due and payable. These factors could have a material adverse effect on the combined company’s business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or share price.

The ability of the combined company to raise additional capital for future needs will impact the combined company’s ability to compete.

The combined company’s credit ratings will be based upon information furnished by Pfizer, Mylan or the combined company or obtained by a rating agency from its own sources and are subject to revision, suspension or withdrawal by one or more rating agencies at any time. Rating agencies may review the ratings assigned to the combined company due to developments that are beyond the combined company’s control, including as a result of new standards requiring the agencies to reassess rating practices and methodologies.

If changes in the combined company’s credit ratings were to occur, it could result in higher interest costs under the combined company’s credit facilities. It would also cause the combined company’s borrowing costs to increase and could limit the combined company’s access to capital markets. Any downgrades could negatively impact the perception of the combined company by lenders and other third parties. In addition, certain of the combined company’s major contracts are expected to provide customers with a right of termination in certain circumstances in the event of a rating downgrade below investment grade.

The combined company could suffer additional losses due to asset impairment charges.

The combined company is expected to have significant amounts of goodwill and intangible assets on its balance sheet. Mylan tests, and the combined company is expected to test, goodwill for impairment during the second quarter of every fiscal year, and on an interim date should events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350 “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.” If the fair value of a reporting unit is revised downward due to declines in business performance or other factors, an impairment under ASC 350 could result and a non-cash charge could be required. Mylan tests, and the combined company is expected to test, intangible assets with finite lives for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. This assessment of the recoverability of finite-lived intangible assets could result in an impairment and a non-cash charge could be required. Such impairments could materially affect the combined company’s reported net earnings.

Unanticipated changes in the combined company’s tax provisions or exposure to additional income tax liabilities and changes in income tax laws and tax rulings may have a significant adverse impact on the combined company’s effective tax rate and income tax expense.

The combined company is subject to income taxes in many jurisdictions. Significant analysis and judgment are required in determining the combined company’s worldwide provision for income taxes. In the ordinary course of business, there are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. The final determination of any tax audits or related litigation could be materially different from the combined company’s income tax provisions and accruals.

Additionally, changes in the combined company’s effective tax rate as a result of a change in the mix of earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates, changes in the combined company’s overall profitability, changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, the results of audits and the examination of previously filed tax returns by taxing authorities, changes in tax laws or their interpretation and continuing assessments of the combined company’s tax exposures could impact the combined company’s tax liabilities and affect its income tax expense, which could have a material adverse effect on the combined company’s business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or share price.

 

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If the intercompany terms of cross border arrangements that the combined company has among its subsidiaries are determined to be inappropriate or ineffective, its tax liability may increase.

The combined company has potential tax exposures resulting from the varying application of statutes, regulations, and interpretations which include exposures on intercompany terms of cross-border arrangements among its subsidiaries (including intercompany loans, sales, and services agreements) in relation to various aspects of its business, including manufacturing, marketing, sales, and delivery functions. Although the combined company believes its cross-border arrangements among its subsidiaries are based upon internationally accepted standards and applicable law, tax authorities in various jurisdictions may disagree with and subsequently challenge the amount of profits taxed in their country, which may result in increased tax liability, including accrued interest and penalties, which would cause the combined company’s tax expense to increase and could have a material adverse effect on the combined company’s business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or share price.

The combined company may be adversely affected by disruptions in the credit markets, including disruptions that reduce customers’ access to credit and increase the costs to customers of obtaining credit.

The credit markets have historically been volatile and therefore it is not possible to predict the ability of the combined company’s customers to access short-term financing and other forms of capital. If a disruption in the credit markets were to occur, the combined company could be unable to refinance its outstanding indebtedness on reasonable terms or at all. Such a disruption could also pose a risk to the combined company’s business if customers or suppliers are unable to obtain financing to meet payment or delivery obligations to the combined company. In addition, customers may decide to downsize, defer or cancel contracts which could negatively affect revenue of the combined company.

Further, assuming that the combined company incurs $12 billion of floating rate debt in connection with the transactions, the combined company would have had $13.3 billion of floating rate debt as of September 30, 2019, on a pro forma basis giving effect to the transaction and the Financing. A one percentage point increase in the average interest rate of this debt would increase the combined interest expense by approximately $133 million per year. Accordingly, a spike in interest rates would adversely affect the combined company’s results of operations and cash flows. See the section of this document entitled “Description of Financing” for more information on the Financing.

The combined company will assume or retain certain material obligations relating to defined benefit pension and termination benefits and retiree medical and dental benefits associated with current and former employees of the Upjohn Business and/or sponsored by the Upjohn Entities. These liabilities and the related future funding obligations could restrict cash available for operations of the combined company, capital expenditures and other requirements, and may materially adversely affect the financial condition and liquidity of the combined company.

Pursuant to the Employee Matters Agreement, the Newco Group (as defined below under “Separation and Distribution Agreement—Overview”) will retain all liabilities relating to the Puerto Rico defined benefit pension plans and Pfizer Puerto Rico Retiree Medical and Dental Plan. In addition, with respect to non-U.S. defined benefit pension and termination benefit plans, Newco will generally establish or designate plans similar to the Pfizer plans to assume assets and liabilities for the benefit of current and former employees of the Upjohn Business. The Newco Group will also retain liabilities for current employees of the Upjohn Business who participate in the Japan defined benefit pension plan and will assume liabilities in respect of current employees of the Upjohn Business under the Pfizer Canada ULC Post-Retirement Benefit Plan.

Each of these liabilities and the related future payment obligations could restrict cash available for operations of the combined company, capital expenditures and other requirements, and may materially affect the financial condition and liquidity of the combined company.

 

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The combined company could incur operational difficulties or losses if Pfizer were unable to perform under the agreements entered into as part of the Separation or if the combined company is required to make payments to Pfizer pursuant to indemnities agreed to as part of the transactions.

In connection with the Separation, Newco will, before the closing of the transactions, enter into several agreements with Pfizer or its subsidiaries, including among others, the Transition Services Agreements and the Manufacturing and Supply Agreements, which in general provide for the performance of certain services or obligations by each of Pfizer and Newco for the benefit of each other for a transitional period following the Separation. See “Additional Transaction Agreements.” If either party is unable to satisfy its obligations under such agreements in a timely manner or at all, or if the transitional agreements fail to provide for or cover certain essential services needed by Newco during the transitional period, there is limited recourse for Mylan, and Newco could incur operational difficulties or losses or face liability that could have a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition and results of operations of the combined company. Since Newco will be reliant on Pfizer for such services during the transitional period, any interruption, disruption or breach of Pfizer’s systems relating to such services, including information technology and information security systems, could have a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition and results of operations of the combined company. In addition, in connection with the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination, Newco has agreed to indemnify Pfizer for certain liabilities. Payments pursuant to these indemnities could be significant and could have a material adverse effect on the share price, business, financial condition and results of operations of the combined company.

The combined company’s results may be negatively affected if Newco is unable to obtain the same types and level of services and resources that historically have been provided to the Upjohn Business by Pfizer, or may be unable to provide them at the same cost.

The Upjohn Business has historically received benefits and services from Pfizer. After the transactions, the combined company will no longer benefit from Pfizer’s services or business relationships to the extent not otherwise addressed in the Transaction Documents. While Pfizer has agreed to provide certain transition services to the combined company, generally for an initial period of 24 months following the date on which Pfizer no longer holds shares of Newco common stock as a consequence of the Distribution (with certain possibilities for extension), and, although Pfizer, Mylan and Newco will enter into certain other agreements that will provide for continued services to be provided from Pfizer to the combined company, it cannot be assured that the combined company will be able to adequately replace or provide resources formerly provided by Pfizer, or replace them at the same or lower cost. See “Additional Transaction Agreements”. In addition, the combined company may incur significant costs and experience operational disruptions associated with ending the transition services that Pfizer has agreed to provide Newco, as Newco transitions off of and attempts to replace these services. If the combined company is not able to replace the resources provided by Pfizer or is unable to replace them without incurring significant additional costs or is delayed in replacing the resources provided by Pfizer, or if the potential customers or other partners of the combined company do not view the combined company’s business relationships as equivalent to Pfizer’s, there could be a material adverse effect on the combined company’s share price, business, financial condition or results of operations.

Risks Relating to Newco Common Stock

No assurance can be given as to the market price of Newco common stock.

There is currently no public trading market for Newco common stock, although Newco intends to apply to list its common shares on the NASDAQ in connection with the transactions, and receipt of approval for such listing is a condition to the closing of the transactions. No assurance can be provided as to the value at which shares of Newco common stock will trade following the closing of the transactions. The trading price of shares of Newco common stock will depend on a number of conditions, including changes in the businesses, operations, results of the combined company, general market and economic conditions, governmental actions, regulatory considerations, legal proceedings and developments or other factors. A number of these factors and conditions are beyond the control of Pfizer, Mylan and Newco.

 

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In addition, because the business of Mylan and the Upjohn Business differ in some respects, the market price of Newco common stock after the transaction may be affected by factors different from those currently affecting the market price of Mylan ordinary shares.

Sales of Newco common stock, or perceptions that such sales may occur, may negatively affect the market price of Newco common stock.

The shares of Newco common stock to be issued in the Distribution and the Combination will generally be eligible for immediate resale. The market price of Newco common stock could decline as a result of sales of a large number of shares of Newco common stock in the market, or even the perception that these sales could occur. Sales of Newco common stock could occur for a variety of reasons. For example, some of Pfizer’s stockholders may sell the Newco common stock that they receive in the Distribution because Newco is not included in the same indices as Pfizer common stock, such as the Dow Jones Industrial Average. These sales, or the possibility that these sales may occur, may result in a decline in the price of Newco common stock. A decline in Newco’s stock price may also make it more difficult for Newco to obtain additional capital by selling equity securities in the future on favorable terms when desired.

Newco cannot assure investors that it will make dividend payments in the future.

Dividend payments to Newco stockholders will depend upon a number of factors, including the results of operation, cash flows and financial position, contractual restrictions and other factors considered relevant by the Newco Board. Although Newco and Mylan intend that Newco will pay dividends to its stockholders, there is no assurance that Newco will declare and pay, or have the ability to declare and pay, any dividends on Newco common stock in the future.

Provisions in the Newco Charter and the Newco Bylaws and of applicable law may prevent or delay an acquisition of the combined company, which could decrease the trading price of the Newco common stock.

Newco’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “Newco Charter”), Newco’s amended and restated bylaws (the “Newco Bylaws”) and Delaware law, contain provisions that may have the effect of deterring takeovers by making such takeovers more expensive to the acquiror and by encouraging prospective acquirors to negotiate with the Newco Board rather than to attempt a hostile takeover. These provisions include the division of the Newco Board into three classes of directors until the 2023 annual meeting of Newco stockholders, with each class serving a staggered three-year term, which could have the effect of making the replacement of incumbent directors more time-consuming and difficult, rules regarding how stockholders may present proposals or nominate directors for election at stockholder meetings and the right of the Newco Board to issue preferred stock without stockholder approval. Delaware law also imposes some restrictions on mergers and other business combinations between Newco and any holder of 15% or more of Newco’s outstanding common stock. For more information, see the section titled “Description of Newco Capital Stock—Anti-Takeover Effects of Various Provisions of Delaware Law, the Newco Charter and the Newco Bylaws after the Combination.”

These provisions are intended to protect Newco’s stockholders from coercive or otherwise unfair takeover tactics by requiring potential acquirors to negotiate with the Newco Board and by providing the Newco Board with more time to assess any acquisition proposal. These provisions are not intended to make Newco immune from takeovers. However, these provisions apply even if the offer may be considered beneficial by some stockholders and could delay or prevent an acquisition that the Newco Board determines is not in the best interests of Newco and its stockholders. Accordingly, if the Newco Board determines that a potential business combination transaction is not in the best interests of Newco and its stockholders, but certain stockholders believe that such a transaction would be beneficial to Newco and its stockholders, such stockholders may elect to sell their shares in Newco and the trading price of Newco common stock could decrease.

These and other provisions of the Newco Charter, the Newco Bylaws and the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”) could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a proxy contest, tender offer,

 

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merger or other change in control, which may have a material adverse effect on Newco’s business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Newco Charter will designate the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware, or, if such court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, another state court of the State of Delaware (or, if no state court located within the State of Delaware has jurisdiction, the federal district court for the District of Delaware), as the sole and exclusive forum for certain types of actions and proceedings that may be initiated by Newco’s stockholders, which could discourage lawsuits against Newco and its directors and officers.

The Newco Charter will provide that unless Newco, through approval of the Newco Board, otherwise consents in writing, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or, if and only if the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware dismisses such action for lack of subject matter jurisdiction, another state court sitting in the State of Delaware (or, if no state court located within the State of Delaware has jurisdiction, the federal district court for the District of Delaware), will be the sole and exclusive forum for any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of Newco, any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any director or officer of Newco to Newco or its stockholders, creditors or other constituents, any action asserting a claim against Newco or any of its directors, officers or other employees arising pursuant to any provision of the DGCL or the Newco Charter or the Newco Bylaws, as each may be amended from time to time, any action asserting a claim against Newco or any of its directors, officers or other employees governed by the internal affairs doctrine or any action or proceeding as to which the DGCL (as it may be amended from time to time) confers jurisdiction on the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware.

To the fullest extent permitted by law, this exclusive forum provision will apply to state and federal law claims, including claims under the federal securities laws, including the Securities Act and the Exchange Act. However, Newco stockholders will not be deemed to have waived Newco’s compliance with the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder. The enforceability of similar choice of forum provisions in other companies’ charters and bylaws has been challenged in legal proceedings, and it is possible that, in connection with claims arising under federal securities laws or otherwise, a court could find the exclusive forum provision contained in the Newco Charter to be inapplicable or unenforceable.

This exclusive forum provision may limit the ability of Newco’s stockholders to bring a claim in a judicial forum that such stockholders find favorable for disputes with Newco or its directors or officers, which may discourage such lawsuits against Newco or its directors or officers. Alternatively, if a court were to find this exclusive forum provision inapplicable to, or unenforceable in respect of, one or more of the specified types of actions or proceedings described above, Newco may incur additional costs associated with resolving such matters in other jurisdictions or forums, which could materially and adversely affect Newco’s business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

All statements and assumptions contained in this document and in the documents attached or incorporated by reference that do not directly and exclusively relate to historical facts constitute forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements may often be identified by the use of words such as “will”, “may”, “could”, “should”, “would”, “project”, “believe”, “anticipate”, “expect”, “plan”, “estimate”, “forecast”, “potential”, “intend”, “continue”, “target” and variations of these words or comparable words.

Such forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements with respect to the expected timetable for completing the transactions, the benefits and synergies of the Combination and Mylan’s, the Upjohn Business’s or the combined company’s financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, business strategies, operating efficiencies or synergies, competitive position, growth opportunities, plans and objectives of management and other matters. Because forward-looking statements inherently involve risks and uncertainties, actual future results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to:

 

   

Mylan’s ability to obtain shareholder approval of the Combination contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement necessary to complete the transactions;

 

   

failure to satisfy conditions to the closing of the transactions;

 

   

the separation of the Upjohn Business from Pfizer and its integration with Mylan’s business, operations and culture and the ability of the combined company to operate as effectively and efficiently as expected, and the combined company’s ability to successfully manage and integrate acquisitions generally;

 

   

the combined company’s ability to realize the synergies and benefits expected to result from the Combination within the anticipated time frame or at all;

 

   

changes in governmental regulations or the adoption of new laws or regulations that may make it more difficult or expensive to operate Mylan’s business or the Upjohn Business before, or the combined company’s business after, the Combination;

 

   

potential disruption of management’s time and attention from the ongoing business operations of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company as a result of the transactions;

 

   

changes in senior management, the loss of key employees or the ability of the combined company to retain and hire key personnel and maintain relationships with key business partners;

 

   

the competitive pressures faced by the combined company;

 

   

the ability of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company to maintain existing relationships and arrangements, and develop new ones, with customers, suppliers and other business partners;

 

   

actions and decisions of healthcare and pharmaceutical regulators;

 

   

the impact of any U.S. healthcare reform or legislation, including any replacement, repeal, modification or invalidation of some or all of the provisions of the U.S. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act;

 

   

legislation or regulatory action in markets outside the U.S., including China, affecting pharmaceutical product pricing, intellectual property, reimbursement or access, including, in particular, continued government-mandated reductions in prices and access restrictions for certain pharmaceutical products to control costs in those markets;

 

   

uncertainties regarding future demand, pricing and reimbursement for the products of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company;

 

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trends toward managed care and healthcare cost containment, and the ability of Mylan, the Upjohn Business and the combined company to obtain or maintain timely or adequate pricing or favorable formulary placement for its products;

 

   

the development and transition of new products and the enhancement of existing products to meet customer needs and respond to emerging trends in the pharmaceutical industry;

 

   

any regulatory, legal or other impediments to the ability of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company to bring new products to market, including, but not limited to, where Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company uses its business judgment and decides to manufacture, market and/or sell products, directly or through third parties, notwithstanding the fact that allegations of patent infringement(s) have not been finally resolved by the courts (i.e., an “at-risk launch”);

 

   

success of clinical trials, which could result in the loss of marketing approval, changes in product labeling, and/or new or increased concerns about the side effects or efficacy of, a product that could affect its availability or commercial potential, and the ability of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company to execute on new product opportunities;

 

   

any changes in or difficulties with the manufacturing, distribution and delivery by Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company of products, including any difficulties with facilities (including with respect to remediation and restructuring activities), supply chain or inventory or the ability to meet anticipated demand;

 

   

the ability to meet competition from generic and branded products after the loss or expiration of patent protection for the products of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company, or competitor products;

 

   

the success of external business-development activities of the combined company, including the ability to identify and execute on potential business development opportunities, the ability to satisfy the conditions to closing of announced transactions in the anticipated time frame or at all, the ability to realize the anticipated benefits of any such transactions;

 

   

any significant issues involving the largest wholesale distributors of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company;

 

   

the possible impact of the increased presence of counterfeit medicines in the pharmaceutical supply chain on the revenues of Mylan, Upjohn or the combined business and on patient confidence in the integrity of their respective medicines;

 

   

the end result of any negotiations between the U.K. government and the E.U. regarding the terms of the U.K.’s exit from the E.U., which could have implications on the commercial and general business operations of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company in the U.K. and the E.U., including the supply of products;

 

   

the protection of the intellectual property assets of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company, including intellectual property licensed from third parties and intellectual property shared with former parent companies;

 

   

any significant breakdown, infiltration or interruption of the information technology systems and infrastructure of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company;

 

   

contingencies related to actual or alleged environmental contamination;

 

   

risks associated with international operations;

 

   

foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, including the impact of possible currency devaluations in countries experiencing high inflation rates;

 

   

the impact of purchase accounting adjustments and certain significant items;

 

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the risk of an impairment charge related to intangible assets or goodwill;

 

   

changes in U.S. GAAP;

 

   

risks related to internal control over financial reporting;

 

   

the resolution of pending investigations, claims and disputes;

 

   

the effects of macroeconomic and geopolitical trends and events; and

 

   

the other factors described under “Risk Factors.”

No assurance can be given that any goal or plan set forth in any forward-looking statement can or will be achieved, and readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such statements, which speak only as of the date they are made. None of Mylan, Pfizer or Newco undertakes any obligation to update or release any revisions to any forward-looking statement or to report any events or circumstances after the date of this document or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as required by law.

 

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THE TRANSACTIONS

Overview

On July 29, 2019, Pfizer and Newco entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, and, on the same day, Pfizer, Newco, Mylan and certain of their affiliates entered into a Business Combination Agreement. These agreements provide for Pfizer to combine the Upjohn Business with Mylan in a Reverse Morris Trust transaction. The principal transactions to effect the Reverse Morris Trust transaction include the following:

 

   

Separation. Pfizer will contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from the remainder of Pfizer’s businesses.

 

   

Distribution. Following the Separation, Pfizer will distribute to its stockholders all of the issued and outstanding shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer by way of pro rata dividend. The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be distributed in the Distribution will be such that, after the Combination described below, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will hold 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

 

   

Combination. Immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will engage in a series of steps to combine their businesses, and in which Mylan shareholders will receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share held by such holder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax. The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be issued in the Combination will be such that, after the Combination, Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will hold 43% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

Newco, which will be the parent entity of the combined Upjohn Business and Mylan business, will be renamed “Viatris,” effective as of the closing of the Combination.

In connection with the transactions, Pfizer and Newco will enter into several other agreements to provide a framework for their relationship after the Distribution. These agreements provide for the allocation between Pfizer, on the one hand, and Newco, on the other hand, of certain assets, liabilities and obligations related to the Upjohn Business and will govern the relationship between Pfizer and Newco after the Distribution, including with respect to employee matters, intellectual property rights, transitional services, manufacturing and supply arrangements and tax matters.

For a more complete discussion of the agreements related to the transactions, see “Business Combination Agreement,” “Separation and Distribution Agreement” and “Additional Transaction Agreements.”

Structure of the Combination

Step 1 Contribution of Upjohn Business

Pfizer will engage in a series of transactions to contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from Pfizer’s other businesses.

Step 2 Cash Distribution

Newco will make a cash payment to Pfizer equal to $12 billion (the “Cash Distribution”) as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco. Newco has obtained financing commitments from certain financial institutions that will permit Newco to incur borrowings in an aggregate principal amount of up to $12 billion. Newco may issue debt securities or incur other long-term debt financing in lieu of borrowing under the financing commitments. Newco expects to use the proceeds of such financings to make the Cash Distribution. The anticipated material terms of the financing, based on the current expectations of Newco and

 

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Mylan, are described in more detail under “Description of Financing.” After the Distribution, Pfizer will effect the Pfizer Distribution Payments by using the proceeds of the Cash Distribution to (a) repurchase Pfizer common stock, (b) make pro rata special cash distributions to its stockholders and/or (c) repay or repurchase debt (including principal, interest and associated premiums and fees) held by third-party lenders.

As partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco, Newco will also issue to Pfizer additional shares of Newco common stock such that the number of shares of Newco common stock then outstanding and held by Pfizer will be equal to (a) the number of fully diluted Mylan ordinary shares (calculated as described in the Business Combination Agreement), multiplied by the quotient of 57% divided by 43%, minus (b) the number of shares of Newco common stock underlying certain awards under Newco’s stock plan that will be granted to employees of the Upjohn Business who held certain outstanding and unvested Pfizer equity awards immediately before the time at which the Distribution occurs (the “Distribution Shares”).

Step 3 Distribution

Pfizer will distribute all of the Distribution Shares to Pfizer stockholders in a spin-off or a split-off, with the payment of cash in lieu of fractional shares. In a spin-off, Pfizer will effect the Distribution by distributing on a pro rata basis all of the Distribution Shares to Pfizer stockholders entitled to shares of Newco common stock in the Distribution as of the record date of the Distribution. In a split-off, Pfizer would offer its stockholders the option to exchange all or a portion of their shares of Pfizer common stock for shares of Newco common stock in an exchange offer, resulting in a reduction in shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding. If the exchange offer is undertaken and consummated, the remaining Distribution Shares, if any, would be distributed on a pro rata basis to Pfizer stockholders whose shares of Pfizer common stock remain outstanding after the consummation of the exchange offer.

This document assumes that the Distribution will occur through a spin-off. Once a final decision is made regarding the manner of distribution of the shares, this document and the registration statement of which this document forms a part will be amended to reflect that decision, if necessary. If a split-off is ultimately selected by Pfizer, Newco will file a separate Form S-4, and Pfizer will file a Schedule TO, in each case for the split-off.

Step 4 Combination

Under the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, unless the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted in accordance with the paragraph below, immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will effect the Combination through the following series of transactions:

 

   

First, Mylan will engage in a legal triangular merger under Dutch law, in which Mylan will merge with and into Mylan Newco Sub, with Mylan Newco Sub surviving as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan Newco. In the Mylan Merger, each Mylan ordinary share would be replaced by one Mylan Newco ordinary share. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will not be listed. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will be in existence only until the dissolution and liquidation of Mylan Newco has been completed as described below. After the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution has been made, we do not expect there to be any further distributions in respect of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares, nor do we expect any Mylan Newco shareholder meeting to be held at which Mylan Newco shareholders could exercise voting rights.

 

   

Second, pursuant to a sale and purchase agreement to be entered into immediately following the Distribution, immediately following the Mylan Merger Effective Time, Mylan Newco will sell and transfer to Acquisition Sub, an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Newco, or its designated nominee, all of the outstanding shares of Mylan Newco Sub in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares issued and outstanding as of immediately after the Mylan Merger Effective Time.

 

   

Third, as soon as practicable following the Share Sale Effective Time, but in any event on the closing date of the Combination, Mylan Newco will be dissolved and subsequently liquidated in accordance

 

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with Sections 2:19 and 2:23b of the Dutch Civil Code. In connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation, each holder of Mylan Newco ordinary shares will receive, as a liquidation distribution, and upon the distribution of the Mylan Newco Exchangeable Note, a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares held by such shareholder as of such time, reduced by any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax.

If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code (generally, six months after the announcement in a Dutch nationally distributed daily newspaper that the merger proposal with respect to the Mylan Merger has been deposited with the Dutch trade registry and disclosed for public inspection), then, unless otherwise mutually determined by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, Newco and Mylan will combine their businesses using an alternative transaction structure without effectuating the Mylan Merger described above. This alternative transaction structure, which this document refers to as the “Alternative Transaction Structure”, consists of the following:

 

   

First, following the Distribution, Mylan will sell, transfer, assign and deliver to Acquisition Sub, an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Newco, all of the right, title and interest of Mylan in, to and under all of its assets and liabilities in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares issued and outstanding as of the Asset Sale Effective Time. The Asset Sale will be deemed effective as of 6:00 p.m. New York City time on the date the Distribution occurs.

 

   

Second, as soon as practicable following the Asset Sale Effective Time, but in any event on the closing date of the Combination, Mylan will be dissolved and subsequently liquidated in accordance with Sections 2:19 and 2:23b of the Dutch Civil Code. In connection with the Mylan Liquidation, each holder of Mylan ordinary shares will receive, as a liquidation distribution, and upon distribution of the Mylan Exchangeable note, a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares held by such shareholder as of such time, reduced by any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax.

Each step of the Combination is intended to be completed substantially concurrently, in the order indicated.

When the Distribution and Combination are completed, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will own 57% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, and Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will own 43% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, in each case on a fully diluted basis.

Calculation of the Combination Consideration

The Business Combination Agreement provides that the Exchange Ratio is equal to one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan Newco ordinary share or Mylan ordinary share, as applicable (the “Exchange Ratio”). Pursuant to either the Mylan Newco Liquidation, or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation, the Mylan shareholders will receive, as a liquidation distribution, a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares or Mylan ordinary shares, as applicable, held by such shareholder as of such time, reduced by any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax.

The Business Combination Agreement provides that after the Distribution but before the Combination, the number of outstanding shares of Newco common stock will be equal to the number of Distribution Shares.

When the Distribution and Combination are completed, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will own 57% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, and Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will own 43% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, in each case on a fully diluted basis.

 

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In addition, the $12 billion of debt to be incurred by Newco and utilized towards the Cash Distribution is not currently reflected in the historical combined financial statements of the Upjohn Business as Newco will incur borrowings for the Cash Distribution on or prior to the date of the Cash Distribution, which will occur immediately prior to the closing of the Combination. The $12 billion of debt to be incurred by Newco is considered debt of Newco assumed in the Combination in accordance with ASC 805. The Exchange Ratio in the Combination will not be impacted by the Cash Distribution.

Furthermore, the Business Combination Agreement provides that Newco will pay Pfizer for certain losses arising out of certain third-party actions following the closing date. See “Business Combination Agreement—Certain Litigation Matters” for more information on the litigation matters for which Newco has agreed to pay Pfizer a certain amount in respect of related losses. At September 30, 2019, Mylan has not estimated or accrued for any amounts related to such contingency. Any such amount will be considered additional purchase price in the form of contingent consideration. At this time, Mylan does not have sufficient information available to make a preliminary estimate of the fair value of any contingent consideration. The Exchange Ratio in the Combination will not be impacted by this provision.

The actual total value of the consideration to be paid by Newco in connection with the Combination will depend on the trading price for shares of Newco common stock following the Combination. There currently is no trading market for shares of Newco common stock.

Trading Markets

Pfizer Common Stock

All Pfizer stockholders will receive from Pfizer, on a pro rata basis, the Distribution Shares, which would result in such stockholders owning 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the closing of the Combination. Pfizer stockholders will continue to hold their shares of Pfizer common stock following the Distribution, subject to the same rights as before the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination, except that their shares of Pfizer common stock will represent an interest in Pfizer that no longer reflects the ownership and operation of the Upjohn Business. Shares of Pfizer common stock will continue to be traded publicly on the NYSE. Pfizer stockholders, to the extent they are holders of record on the date of the Distribution, will also hold shares of Newco common stock after the transactions.

Newco Common Stock

There currently is no trading market for shares of Newco common stock. Newco intends to file an application to list its common stock on NASDAQ under a symbol to be determined.

Mylan Ordinary Shares

Mylan ordinary shares are listed on the NASDAQ under the symbol “MYL.” Following the closing of the Combination, Mylan shareholders as of immediately prior to the Combination will own 43% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock on a fully diluted basis. Upon consummation of the Combination, Mylan intends to delist the Mylan ordinary shares from the NASDAQ and all outstanding shares of Mylan ordinary shares will automatically be canceled and cease to exist at the closing of the Combination and upon their conversion into shares of Newco common stock.

Background of the Combination

Members of management and the board of directors of Pfizer regularly review and assess the performance, operations and financial condition of Pfizer’s businesses, and industry and regulatory developments in the context of its long-term strategic goals and plans. These reviews have included consideration, from time to time, of potential reorganizations and business development opportunities.

 

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As part of that review, Pfizer determined and announced in July 2018 that it would reorganize its businesses so that, effective as of January 1, 2019, they would be managed through three distinct business segments: (1) a science-based innovative medicines business; (2) a primarily off-patent branded and generic established medicines business (which is Pfizer’s Upjohn Business); and (3) an over-the-counter consumer healthcare business. Pfizer reorganized its businesses in this manner to better position each business to achieve its growth potential. The reorganization also enhanced Pfizer’s ability to evaluate potential strategic options for each business segment in the future. One of those strategic options included potentially separating the Upjohn Business from the remainder of Pfizer and combining it with another company.

On April 25, 2019, the Pfizer Board held a meeting to discuss the possibility of such a transaction. Members of Pfizer senior management and its financial advisors, Goldman, Sachs & Co. (“Goldman”) and Guggenheim Securities, LLC (“Guggenheim”), and its outside legal counsel, Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz (“Wachtell Lipton”), were also present. The Pfizer Board discussed with Pfizer’s management the performance and prospects of the Upjohn Business, strategic opportunities and considerations applicable to the Upjohn Business, particularly in emerging markets, and the current environment for capital markets and business combination transactions. Following discussion, the Pfizer Board authorized Pfizer management to reach out to select companies, including Mylan, to explore the possibility of a strategic combination involving the Upjohn Business.

Mylan is committed to setting new standards in healthcare. Over the course of Mylan’s history, and in particular during the past decade, Mylan has become a global leader in the pharmaceutical industry—one with a leading operating platform, diversity in its portfolio across broad therapeutic areas and geographies and significant renown for the efficiency of its operations and the quality of its products. In addition to cultivating numerous organic growth drivers, Mylan has a long history of successful large-scale integrations that have advanced its ability to fulfill its mission of reaching the world’s population of seven billion, while simultaneously remaining competitive in a continuously consolidating pharmaceutical industry.

Mylan has been highly active in evaluating quality companies and assets within the industry to identify those that would most effectively build on and transform its operating platform and commercial presence, complement its existing strengths and capabilities, enhance its financial flexibility, further strengthen its competitive position, expand its global presence, promote the long-term sustainable success of its business and enhance shareholder value and/or provide benefits to its other stakeholders, including employees, creditors, customers, suppliers, relevant patient populations and communities in which Mylan operates.

In light of Mylan’s belief that the U.S. public markets underappreciated and undervalued the durability, differentiation and strengths of Mylan’s global and diversified business and pipeline and in furtherance of Mylan’s evaluation of companies and assets for potential transactions, the Mylan Board approved in August of 2018 the formation of a Strategic Review Committee to actively evaluate a wide range of available strategic alternatives to unlock the true value of Mylan’s platform. Over the course of the following months, the Mylan Strategic Review Committee, along with the Mylan Board, Mylan management and external advisors, undertook an extensive review of multiple ways to unlock value for Mylan’s shareholders and other stakeholders, including a review of companies and assets for potential transactions and other strategic and financial alternatives. The strategic review also involved a review of Mylan’s standalone strategy, including expanding the geographic reach of Mylan’s existing product portfolio and future pipeline, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region and emerging markets, and opportunities to accelerate this standalone strategy whether through a business combination transaction or other opportunity. In April and May 2019, the Mylan Board also began discussing the possibility of Robert J. Coury, non-executive Chairman of the Mylan Board and previously both Chief Executive Officer and Executive Chairman of Mylan, returning to serve in an executive capacity as Executive Chairman of Mylan. In connection with such discussions, the Compensation Committee and independent members of the Mylan Board began considering potential compensation arrangements for such role.

From time to time over the last several years, representatives of Pfizer and representatives of Mylan had engaged in discussions regarding existing commercial arrangements between Pfizer and Mylan, but not relating to a potential transaction involving Mylan and the Upjohn Business.

 

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On May 2, 2019, following authorization from the Pfizer Board, Albert Bourla, Chief Executive Officer of Pfizer, contacted Mr. Coury regarding a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business through a Reverse Morris Trust transaction. Dr. Bourla and Mr. Coury discussed certain financial projections of the Upjohn Business on a standalone basis provided by Pfizer and the potential for value creation on a combined basis with Mylan, but did not negotiate or discuss other specific terms of a potential strategic transaction.

Following that discussion, Mr. Coury updated members of the Mylan Board and the Mylan Strategic Review Committee on his discussion with Dr. Bourla. It was agreed that, in furtherance of the ongoing strategic review, it would be appropriate for Mr. Coury, consistent with his role of providing overall strategic leadership for Mylan, together with members of Mylan management and Mylan’s outside advisors, including Centerview and PJT Partners, Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP (“Cravath”), Mylan’s outside legal counsel, and NautaDutilh N.V. (“Nauta”), Mylan’s outside Dutch legal counsel, to have preliminary discussions with Pfizer and undertake high-level due diligence to explore a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business. In furtherance of undertaking such due diligence on the Upjohn Business, Mylan obtained the assistance of external consultants, including PricewaterhouseCoopers.

Between May 5 and May 6, 2019, representatives of Mylan, Cravath, Pfizer and Wachtell Lipton negotiated a confidentiality agreement.    

On May 6, 2019, the Executive Committee of the Mylan Board and certain members of the Mylan Strategic Review Committee held a telephonic update session to discuss a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business and the contemplated confidentiality agreement. Also on May 6, 2019, Pfizer and Mylan executed the confidentiality agreement, permitting the parties to exchange non-public due diligence information.

On May 7, 2019, representatives of Pfizer provided representatives of Mylan with materials regarding the Upjohn Business and a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business, including information regarding the business operations, historical financial performance and business outlook of the Upjohn Business and certain financial projections of the Upjohn Business on a standalone basis provided by Pfizer.

On May 8, 2019, a meeting was held between representatives of Pfizer and Mylan to discuss a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business and the materials previously provided by Pfizer. While the participants did not negotiate specific terms of a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business at this meeting, representatives of Pfizer proposed that the combined company resulting from a combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business be organized in the United States and pay a dividend given that Pfizer pays a dividend to its stockholders. The participants noted that each of Mylan and Pfizer would need to perform due diligence in order to evaluate any potential transaction involving Mylan and the Upjohn Business.

During the next several weeks, representatives of Mylan and representatives of Pfizer discussed the process for conducting mutual due diligence and the preparation of virtual data rooms for due diligence purposes.

On May 22, 2019, Pfizer granted Mylan and its advisors access to Pfizer’s virtual data room.

On May 24, 2019, Mylan granted Pfizer and its advisors access to Mylan’s virtual data room.

Also on May 24, 2019, the Mylan Strategic Review Committee held a telephonic update session, with members of the Mylan Board, Mylan senior management and representatives of each of Centerview, PJT Partners, Cravath and Nauta participating. The Mylan directors received an update on the status of discussions with Pfizer regarding a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business. Also at this session, the Mylan directors reviewed the business and financial profile of the Upjohn Business and discussed various strategic and financial considerations regarding a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business in light of the ongoing strategic review including, among other matters, the diversification of product and geographic mix and the financial flexibility that a combination with the Upjohn Business could provide Mylan. The Mylan directors,

 

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with input from Mylan’s financial and legal advisors, also discussed certain aspects of a Reverse Morris Trust transaction structure—a structure that would involve the separation of the Upjohn Business from Pfizer and subsequent spin-off or split-off distribution of Upjohn shares to Pfizer stockholders, immediately followed by the combination of the Upjohn Business with Mylan—including that such structure may entail the combined company being organized in the United States, paying a dividend and incurring debt and distributing the proceeds to Pfizer and that such structure would enable Pfizer to divest the Upjohn Business in a tax-efficient manner, subject to certain legal requirements, such as Pfizer’s stockholders owning a majority of the shares of the combined company immediately following the combination. The Mylan directors also reviewed standalone financial projections that had previously been prepared by Mylan management in connection with Mylan’s standalone strategy. The participants discussed potential next steps and it was agreed that Mylan and its advisors should continue to engage in due diligence of the Upjohn Business and discussions with Pfizer and its advisors regarding a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business. The participants set a tentative goal of determining on or around June 14, 2019 whether or not to proceed in earnest with transaction negotiations with Pfizer.    

During the following weeks, Mylan and Pfizer and their respective advisors held a series of calls and in-person meetings in the course of performing mutual due diligence.

On May 31, 2019, Mylan and Pfizer entered into a clean team confidentiality agreement to permit certain competitively sensitive confidential information to be exchanged between certain representatives and advisors of Mylan and Pfizer in connection with the mutual due diligence process.

On June 4 and June 5, 2019, as part of each party’s due diligence process, representatives of Pfizer (including members of management of Pfizer’s Upjohn Business) and representatives of Mylan, and their respective advisors, met in New York, New York to discuss their respective management presentations and certain due diligence matters, including information regarding Mylan’s and the Upjohn Business’s respective business operations, historical financial performance and business outlooks, as well as certain financial projections of each of Mylan and the Upjohn Business on a standalone basis. The participants also discussed estimates by Pfizer of possible cost synergies that may result from a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business.

On June 13, 2019, the Mylan Strategic Review Committee held an update session in New York, New York, with members of the Mylan Board and Mylan senior management and representatives of each of Centerview, PJT Partners, Cravath and Nauta participating. Mr. Coury and members of Mylan’s senior management updated the Mylan directors on the status of discussions with Pfizer. Mylan’s senior management provided the Mylan directors with preliminary due diligence findings on the Upjohn Business. In particular, the Mylan directors reviewed with Mylan management potential strategic and financial benefits of a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business, including diversification of Mylan’s geographic exposure and portfolio and increased financial flexibility and cash flow generation. Mylan’s senior management also provided its perspectives on the financial projections of the Upjohn Business based on Mylan’s due diligence review of the Upjohn Business to date. Also during this session, representatives of Centerview and PJT Partners provided an overview of, among other matters, a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business, including illustrative ranges of pro forma ownership of the combined company by former Mylan shareholders. The Mylan directors then discussed next steps and an upcoming meeting to be held between Mr. Coury, Heather Bresch, the Chief Executive Officer of Mylan, Dr. Bourla and Frank D’Amelio, the Chief Financial Officer of Pfizer, at which it was expected that certain terms of a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business, including valuation and the pro forma ownership split of the combined company between Pfizer stockholders and former Mylan shareholders, would be discussed.

On June 14, 2019, Mr. Coury, Ms. Bresch, Dr. Bourla and Mr. D’Amelio held an in-person meeting in New York, New York. Prior to such date, the parties had not discussed or negotiated specific terms of a potential strategic transaction beyond that the parties were considering a Reverse Morris Trust transaction. The

 

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participants discussed certain potential terms of a combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business, including potential pro forma ownership splits of the combined company between Pfizer stockholders, on the one hand, and Mylan shareholders, on the other hand, ranging from 61% for the Pfizer stockholders and 39% for the Mylan shareholders to 59% for the Pfizer stockholders and 41% for the Mylan shareholders. The participants also discussed the amount of any cash dividend that would be paid from Newco to Pfizer in connection with the Separation and as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco. Representatives of Pfizer suggested a pro forma ownership split of approximately 60% for the Pfizer stockholders and 40% for the Mylan shareholders based on the assumption that Pfizer will receive a $12 billion cash dividend funded from the proceeds of debt incurred by Newco. Following discussion, the participants agreed that, subject to further consideration by the Mylan Board and the Mylan Strategic Review Committee and the Pfizer Board and assuming continued due diligence, each party would be willing to continue negotiations with a view toward entering into a mutually agreed transaction at the end of July 2019 on the basis of a potential pro forma ownership split of the combined company such that Pfizer stockholders would own 59% of the combined company and former Mylan shareholders would own 41% of the combined company, on a fully diluted basis, and on the basis that Pfizer would receive $12 billion of cash funded from the proceeds of debt incurred by Newco in connection with the Separation and as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco. In addition, the participants agreed that the combined company would be organized in the United States, and specifically in Delaware (the same jurisdiction of organization as Pfizer), and that it would initially have a classified board structure to allow for uninterrupted implementation of the combination and execution of the combined company’s strategy, but that such classified board structure would automatically and fully declassify within a few years of the consummation of the Combination. The participants further discussed the possibility for Newco to pay a dividend in a range of approximately 24% to 30% of Newco’s free cash flow beginning shortly after the consummation of the transactions.

On June 15, 2019, the Mylan Board held a telephonic update session, with representatives of Cravath and Nauta participating. Mr. Coury provided the Mylan Board with an update on the June 14, 2019 meeting with Ms. Bresch and Dr. Bourla and Mr. D’Amelio. Based on that meeting, it was agreed that Mylan would continue to engage in discussions and mutual due diligence with Pfizer.

On June 18, 2019, representatives of Mylan and Pfizer and their respective advisors held the first of numerous working group calls that the parties conducted over the following weeks to discuss and coordinate on various transaction workstreams and due diligence matters.

On June 20, 2019, the Mylan Board and the Mylan Strategic Review Committee met concurrently in person in Dublin, Ireland to discuss the potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business and Mylan’s standalone strategic plan, with members of Mylan senior management and representatives of Centerview, PJT Partners, Cravath, Nauta and Galt & Company, advisor to Mylan, participating. Members of Mylan senior management presented an update on Mylan’s standalone strategic plan and certain contemplated business transformation initiatives, and reviewed the Mylan Financial Projections, which reflected developments in Mylan’s business and industry since the preparation and review of the prior financial projections prepared by Mylan management. See “Certain Unaudited Prospective Financial Information” for further information on the Mylan Financial Projections.

On June 27, 2019, the Pfizer Board held a regularly scheduled meeting in person, with Pfizer’s senior management participating in part for the discussions relating to the Upjohn Business. In the meeting, the Pfizer Board discussed with management various strategic alternatives for the Upjohn Business and received an update on the discussions with Mylan relating to a potential strategic combination transaction. The Pfizer Board, together with Pfizer’s management, discussed the strategic opportunities for growth in the Upjohn Business, particularly in emerging markets, and the potential for a combination transaction with Mylan to provide a complementary market footprint and product portfolio to support and enhance that potential growth. The Pfizer Board also discussed with management the market environment facing off-patent originator brands in the markets where the Upjohn Business operates and Mylan’s product pipeline and therapeutic areas. Pfizer’s

 

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management presented a review of financial considerations relating to a business combination transaction with Mylan, as well as other potential alternatives to the proposed transaction, including retaining the Upjohn Business and a spin-off or split-off of the Upjohn Business to Pfizer stockholders that would not also involve a combination with Mylan. The Pfizer Board also reviewed the evaluation and outreach with respect to the Upjohn Business that had been conducted by Pfizer previously and noted that there had not been any new developments with other potential strategic parties. The participants discussed potential next steps, and it was agreed that Pfizer and its advisors should continue to engage in due diligence of Mylan and discussions with Mylan and its advisors regarding a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business.

On July 1, 2019, representatives of Pfizer (including members of management of Pfizer’s Upjohn division), representatives of Mylan and representatives of Goldman, Centerview and PJT Partners, met at Cravath’s offices in New York, New York to discuss certain financial due diligence items and valuation models, including the Mylan Financial Projections and certain revised financial projections of the Upjohn Business provided by Pfizer. Following this meeting, on July 10, 2019, Pfizer and Mylan agreed that Newco would expect to initiate a dividend of approximately 25% of Newco’s free cash flow beginning the first full quarter following the consummation of the transactions.

On July 2, 2019, on behalf of Pfizer, Wachtell Lipton delivered first drafts of the Business Combination Agreement and the Separation and Distribution Agreement to Cravath, on behalf of Mylan, which provided for, among other things, certain terms that had been discussed between the parties at the June 14, 2019 meeting. See “Business Combination Agreement” and “Separation and Distribution Agreement” for further information on these agreements. The Separation and Distribution Agreement also reflected Pfizer’s proposal that Newco would assume all of the historical liabilities related to the Upjohn Business, except that the allocation of tax liabilities would be set forth in a separate Tax Matters Agreement that would be delivered at a later date and the allocation of pension and employee liabilities would be set forth in a separate Employee Matters Agreement that would be delivered at a later date.

On the same day, on behalf of Pfizer, Wachtell Lipton also delivered first drafts of the amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws of Newco to Cravath, on behalf of Mylan, which provided for, among other things, a classified board that would automatically and fully declassify by Newco’s 2023 annual stockholders’ meeting. See “Description of Newco Capital Stock” and “Comparison of the Rights of Mylan Shareholders and Newco Stockholders” for further information on the amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws of Newco.

On the same day, the Compensation Committee of the Mylan Board held an update session to discuss the status of a potential new employment agreement with Mr. Coury to serve as Executive Chairman both in the event an agreement on the potential combination was reached with Pfizer and in the event an agreement on the potential combination was not reached with Pfizer, including the work that had been done through May and June 2019 with the Compensation Committee of the Mylan Board’s independent compensation consultant to develop a compensation package for such role.

On July 6, 2019, Pfizer provided Mylan with illustrative financial estimates for the combined company and updates to the financial projections of the Upjohn Business provided to Mylan in June 2019 to reflect Pfizer and Upjohn management’s latest assessment of the Upjohn Business and its industry. On July 8, 2019, Mr. Coury and Ms. Bresch met with Mr. D’Amelio to discuss the financial information provided by Pfizer on July 6, 2019.

Between July 7, 2019 and July 11, 2019, on behalf of Pfizer, Wachtell Lipton delivered first drafts of other ancillary agreements, including forms of each of the Transition Services Agreement, Manufacturing and Supply Agreement, Employee Matters Agreement and the Intellectual Property Matters Term Sheet. The draft of the Employee Matters Agreement reflected Pfizer’s proposal and ultimate agreement between the parties that Newco would generally assume all of the pension and post-retirement obligations associated with employees of the Upjohn Business, including obligations under plans sponsored by Pfizer, other than certain U.S. defined benefit

 

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plan and post-retirement liabilities. During that period, Davis Polk and Wardwell LLP (“Davis Polk”), tax counsel to Pfizer, delivered on behalf of Pfizer a first draft of the Tax Matters Agreement to Cravath, on behalf of Mylan, which reflected certain terms the parties previously discussed, including Pfizer’s proposal and ultimate agreement between the parties that Pfizer would generally be responsible for tax liabilities attributable to periods on or prior to the date of the Distribution, including those attributable to the Upjohn Business (such tax liabilities retained by Pfizer, “Pre-Distribution Tax Liabilities”), and that Pfizer would generally retain the tax benefits attributable to the Upjohn Business attributable to periods on or prior to the date of the Distribution. Pfizer’s draft also provided that Newco would generally be responsible for any tax liabilities of the combined company attributable to periods after the date of the Distribution. As of September 29, 2019, the total amount of Pre-Distribution Tax Liabilities attributable to the Upjohn Business, as set forth in the Upjohn Business’s unaudited condensed combined financial statements, was $5,090 million, and the total tax benefit as of such date attributable to the Upjohn Business, as set forth in the Upjohn Business’s unaudited condensed combined financial statements, was $289 million. Because Pfizer retained the Pre-Distribution Tax Liabilities and the tax benefits mentioned above, such amounts are reflected as a pro forma adjustment to the Upjohn Business’s unaudited condensed combined balance sheet as of September 29, 2019 (see “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business”). See “Additional Transaction Agreements” for further information on these agreements. Negotiations of the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the additional Transaction Agreements and related schedules and exhibits took place in a number of telephone calls and meetings among the parties and their respective counsel through July 29, 2019.

On July 9, 2019, on behalf of Mylan, Cravath delivered revised drafts of the Business Combination Agreement and the Separation and Distribution Agreement to Wachtell Lipton, on behalf of Pfizer. The drafts included, among other items, revisions to the provisions regarding the assessment of alternative proposals and related actions by the Mylan Board. The revised drafts also provided for a lower termination fee payable by Mylan to Pfizer than the termination fee proposed in Wachtell Lipton’s July 2, 2019 draft and a broader definition of “material adverse effect” with respect to Mylan or the Upjohn Business. The draft also provided that Newco would acquire the assets of the Upjohn Business, but would not assume any liabilities related to the Upjohn Business occurring or existing before the Distribution (“Pre-Distribution Upjohn Liabilities”). The liabilities of the Upjohn Business are reflected in the Upjohn Business’s audited combined financial statements or accompanying notes and the Upjohn Business’s unaudited condensed combined financial statements or accompanying notes included in this document (in each case, as of the date indicated in such financial statements or accompanying notes), consistent with Pfizer’s accounting policies. As of September 29, 2019, the Pre-Distribution Upjohn Liabilities reflected in such unaudited condensed combined financial statements were $3,978 million, excluding the total Pre-Distribution Tax Liabilities of $5,090 million as of such date (which Pre-Distribution Tax Liabilities would generally be retained by Pfizer). As of September 29, 2019, the net pension and post-retirement obligations that were not reflected in the Upjohn Business’s unaudited condensed combined financial statements but that would be assumed by Newco under the Employee Matters Agreement were $29 million, which reflects approximately $86 million of projected obligations associated with Upjohn employees participating in plans sponsored by Pfizer and approximately $57 million of assets associated with these obligations, in each case as of September 29, 2019. This $29 million is reflected as a pro forma adjustment to the Upjohn Business’s unaudited condensed combined balance sheet as of September 29, 2019 (see “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business”).

On July 10, 2019, Mr. Coury and Ms. Bresch met with Dr. Bourla and Mr. D’Amelio to discuss certain transaction terms and valuation matters in light of the updates contained in the Upjohn Business Financial Projections. The participants discussed, among other matters, Mylan’s proposal to change the ownership split of the combined company in light of the recently provided Upjohn Business Financial Projections, such that Pfizer stockholders would own 57% of the combined company and former Mylan shareholders would own 43% of the combined company, on a fully diluted basis, on the basis that Pfizer would receive $12 billion of cash funded from the proceeds of debt incurred by Newco in connection with the Separation and as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco. No definitive agreement to change the ownership split of the combined company was reached at this meeting, and Dr. Bourla and Mr. D’Amelio noted that any change in the ownership percentage would be subject to the review and approval of the Pfizer Board. The parties also discussed

 

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the treatment of Pre-Distribution Upjohn Liabilities (other than Pre-Distribution Tax Liabilities, which Pfizer had previously agreed to retain) and the scope of exclusions from the “material adverse effect” definition. Pfizer’s proposal was that the combined company should assume all Pre-Distribution Upjohn Liabilities (other than Pre-Distribution Tax Liabilities), consistent with other Reverse Morris Trust and spin-off transactions. Pfizer also proposed that the “material adverse effect” definition should have a broader set of exclusions, particularly relating to effects on the Upjohn Business or Mylan’s business, as applicable, arising from any changes or developments in governmental drug policy initiatives in China. Mylan’s proposal was that the position that the combined company should not assume the Pre-Distribution Upjohn Liabilities (in addition to not assuming any Pre-Distribution Tax Liabilities), and that there should be a narrower set of exclusions from the “material adverse effect” definition, including that the definition would not specifically exclude the effects on the Upjohn Business or Mylan’s business, as applicable, arising from any changes or developments in governmental drug policy initiatives in China. For a description of the potential downward pricing pressure faced by the Upjohn Business from government initiatives in China, see “Risk Factors—Risks Related to the Upjohn Business—The Upjohn Business faces downward pricing pressure from government initiatives in China”. Any decrease in the price, or reduction in the sales volume, of Upjohn products could have a negative effect on the Upjohn Business’s results of operations”, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Upjohn Business—Industry Trends” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Upjohn Business—Industry-Specific Challenges—International.” The scope of exclusions from the definition of “material adverse effect” was important to each party because the parties’ respective obligations to complete the transaction would be conditioned on the accuracy of the other party’s representations and warranties generally tested using a “material adverse effect” standard (see “Business Combination Agreement—Conditions to the Combination”). No definitive understanding on these matters was reached at this meeting.

On July 10, 2019, on behalf of Mylan, Cravath delivered initial drafts of debt commitment papers related to the debt financing commitments to be obtained by Upjohn in connection with the proposed transaction to permit Upjohn to incur borrowings or issue debt securities in an aggregate principal amount of up to $12 billion, to Pfizer, Wachtell Lipton and affiliates of Goldman, as lenders.

On July 12, 2019, the Pfizer Board met, with Pfizer’s management and advisors also in attendance, to review the status of discussions with Mylan. Pfizer’s management and advisors updated the Pfizer Board on negotiations with Mylan, including Mylan’s proposal that, after the combination of the Upjohn Business and Mylan, the Pfizer stockholders would own 57% of the combined company on a fully diluted basis and former Mylan shareholders would own 43% of the combined company on a fully diluted basis, and Mylan’s proposal that the combined company would not assume any Pre-Distribution Upjohn Liabilities (in addition to not assuming any Pre-Distribution Tax Liabilities). It was explained that, in the contemplated transaction, Pfizer would receive $12 billion of cash funded from the proceeds of debt incurred by Newco in connection with the Separation and as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco. The Pfizer Board discussed with Pfizer’s management and advisors certain financial considerations relating to the proposed combination transaction, including with respect to the proposed pro forma ownership of the combined company and certain potential synergies which the Pfizer stockholders would be expected to benefit from on a pro rata basis, as well as the relative contributions of each company to the combined company’s potential financial condition and prospects. Pfizer’s advisors discussed terms of recent Reverse Morris Trust transactions and other business combination and M&A transactions, and the Pfizer Board discussed with Pfizer management and advisors various considerations regarding Mylan’s proposed allocation of Pre-Distribution Upjohn Liabilities, in light of the fact that the combined company would be assuming historical liabilities of Mylan’s business under the contemplated structure of the Combination, including potential liabilities arising out of third-party actions relating to the manufacture, distribution, marketing, promotion or sale of opioids by or on behalf of Mylan or its subsidiaries (the “Opioid Matters”). The participants discussed potential next steps and the Pfizer Board authorized and instructed Pfizer and its advisors to continue to engage in due diligence of Mylan and negotiations with Mylan and its advisors regarding a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business.

Also on July 12, 2019, members of the senior management teams of Mylan and Pfizer as well as other representatives of Mylan and Pfizer met with representatives of Moody’s Investor Service, Standard & Poor’s

 

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Financial Services LLC and Fitch credit rating agencies to present an overview of the proposed transaction and the expected financial profile of the combined company following completion of the proposed transaction.

On July 15, 2019, Mr. Coury, Ms. Bresch and Dr. Bourla and Mr. D’Amelio engaged in conversations regarding outstanding transaction terms. As a result of those discussions, they tentatively agreed to proceed with negotiations on the basis of certain terms, including a pro forma ownership split of the combined company such that Pfizer stockholders would own 57% of the combined company on a fully diluted basis and former Mylan shareholders would own 43% of the combined company on a fully diluted basis. The parties also discussed a potential approach whereby the combined company would assume all of the Pre-Distribution Upjohn Liabilities, other than (1) Pre-Distribution Tax Liabilities (as previously agreed upon between the parties) and (2) certain specified antitrust matters related to the Upjohn products, and that, in exchange for Pfizer’s retention of these specified antitrust matters, the combined company would make a payment to Pfizer in the event that the combined company suffered a loss in respect of the Opioid Matters. Despite this discussion, no definitive understanding on the allocation of liabilities arising from antitrust matters or the Opioid Matters was reached at this meeting.

On July 16, 2019, the Mylan Strategic Review Committee held an update session in New York, New York, with members of the Mylan Board and Mylan senior management and representatives of Centerview, PJT Partners, Cravath and Nauta participating. Mr. Coury and members of Mylan senior management provided an update on the status of discussions with Pfizer to date. At this meeting, Centerview and PJT Partners presented an overview of the potential combination based on the most recently discussed pro forma ownership split and using the Mylan Financial Projections and the Upjohn Business Financial Projections, and certain cost synergy estimates that had been developed by management of each of Mylan, Pfizer and the Upjohn Business. Also at this meeting, Mylan management provided an overview of its due diligence findings to date with respect to the Upjohn Business. Cravath and Nauta reviewed the duties of the Mylan directors under Dutch law, the contemplated structure of the proposed transaction, certain terms of the latest drafts of the transaction documents, including with respect to the allocation of liabilities in connection with the transaction, and certain aspects of Delaware law to which the combined company would be subject upon closing of the proposed transaction. The Mylan directors discussed various considerations relating to the proposed transaction and the strategic and financial logic of the proposed transaction, particularly in light of the strategic review process and the alternatives to unlock value that had been explored to date, as well as Mylan’s standalone strategic plan and prospects. Following this discussion, the independent members of the Mylan Board held a discussion with Michael Goettler, the group president of Pfizer’s Upjohn Business, in connection with the consideration by the Mylan Board of a suggestion previously made by Dr. Bourla that Mr. Goettler be considered as a potential candidate to serve as the Chief Executive Officer of the combined company. Also on July 16, 2019, the Compensation Committee and independent directors of the Mylan Board held an update session at which they discussed and expressed support for a potential new employment agreement with Mr. Coury to serve as Executive Chairman both in the event an agreement on the potential combination was reached with Pfizer and in the event an agreement on the potential combination was not reached with Pfizer.

Also on July 16, 2019, on behalf of Pfizer, Wachtell Lipton sent revised drafts of the Business Combination Agreement and the Separation and Distribution Agreement to Cravath, on behalf of Mylan. The drafts reflected certain terms that the parties previously discussed, including a pro forma ownership split of the combined company such that Pfizer stockholders would own 57% of the combined company on a fully diluted basis and former Mylan shareholders would own 43% of the combined company on a fully diluted basis and that the combined company would assume the Pre-Distribution Upjohn Liabilities, other than (1) Pre-Distribution Tax Liabilities (as previously agreed upon between the parties) and (2) liabilities related to certain specific antitrust matters related to the Upjohn products, both of which would be retained by Pfizer. The revised drafts of the Business Combination Agreement and the Separation Agreement sent by Wachtell Lipton also provided for, among other things, a higher termination fee payable by Mylan to Pfizer than the termination fee proposed in Cravath’s July 9, 2019 draft, and certain changes to the provisions regarding the assessment of alternative proposals.

 

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On July 20, 2019, on behalf of Mylan, Cravath sent Wachtell Lipton, on behalf of Pfizer, a proposal regarding certain unresolved transaction terms including the treatment of liabilities arising out of the Opioid Matters. Mylan noted that its willingness to consider a proposal to indemnify Pfizer for the Opioid Matters based on the pro forma ownership of the combined company was subject to Pfizer’s agreement that Pfizer would retain all liabilities in respect of pre-Distribution antitrust litigation or investigations related to the Upjohn Business.

From July 22 through July 24, 2019, representatives of Mylan, Pfizer, Cravath and Wachtell Lipton held in-person meetings to negotiate unresolved transaction terms and contract provisions, including the scope of the antitrust litigation or investigations related to the Upjohn Business that Pfizer would agree to retain and the scope of the “material adverse effect” definition, and made progress in resolving outstanding items, including agreeing in principle that there would be a cash payment from the combined company to Pfizer after the closing equal to 57% of any losses related to any Opioid Matters incurred by the combined company after the execution of the Business Combination Agreement.

Between July 24, 2019 and July 26, 2019, representatives of Cravath and Wachtell Lipton discussed on behalf of their respective clients the terms of the proposed employment agreement with Mr. Coury to return as Executive Chairman of Mylan and as Executive Chairman of Newco following the closing of the transactions as described under the heading “Director and Executive Compensation”. While the Compensation Committee and independent directors of the Mylan Board were supportive of the potential employment agreement, following such discussions, the Mylan Board determined not to adopt any new arrangements for Mr. Coury at the time. The Mylan Board and Mr. Coury determined that he would remain in his current role through the closing of the transactions and that the Newco Compensation Committee and independent directors of the Newco Board would determine the compensation arrangements of the Newco executive officers, including for Mr. Coury as Executive Chairman of Newco.

On July 26, 2019, the Pfizer Board held a special telephonic meeting, with members of Pfizer senior management and representatives of Goldman, Guggenheim and Wachtell Lipton participating, to review the terms and conditions of the transaction documents that had been negotiated between representatives of Pfizer and Mylan and which were substantially complete, including the terms that were subject to final resolution of the parties, and to review with Pfizer’s financial and legal advisors their views on the proposed transactions and the benefits afforded by the transactions to Pfizer and its stockholders as well as the Upjohn Business, including in comparison to potential strategic alternatives such as retaining the Upjohn Business. Following discussion with Pfizer’s management and advisors, the Pfizer Board unanimously determined, among other things, that the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the Business Combination Agreement, the other transaction agreements and the transactions contemplated thereby were advisable, fair to and in the best interests of Pfizer and its stockholders and approved and authorized the execution, delivery and performance of the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the Business Combination Agreement, the other transaction agreements and the transactions contemplated thereby.

On July 26, 2019, the Mylan Board and the Mylan Strategic Review Committee met concurrently in person in London, England, with members of Mylan senior management and representatives of Centerview, PJT Partners, Cravath and Nauta participating. Mr. Coury and members of Mylan senior management provided an update on the outcome of negotiations with Pfizer regarding the proposed transaction and discussed the strategic rationale for the proposed transaction. At this meeting, representatives of Centerview and PJT Partners (which are referred to collectively as Mylan’s financial advisors) jointly reviewed with the Mylan Board and the Mylan Strategic Review Committee their financial analyses of the Exchange Ratio, which will result in a pro forma ownership of the fully diluted shares of Newco common stock being held 43% by former Mylan shareholders and 57% by Pfizer stockholders in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement. Following this discussion, each of Centerview and PJT Partners rendered to the Mylan Board and the Mylan Strategic Review Committee an oral opinion, each of which was subsequently confirmed by delivery of a written opinion dated July 26, 2019, that, as of such date and based upon and subject to the various assumptions made, procedures followed, matters

 

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considered and qualifications and limitations upon the review undertaken in connection with preparing such opinion, the Exchange Ratio, which will result in a pro forma ownership of the fully diluted shares of Newco common stock being held 43% by former Mylan shareholders and 57% by Pfizer stockholders in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement, was fair, from a financial point of view, to the holders of Mylan ordinary shares (other than Excluded Shares). Among the assumptions made, procedures followed, matters considered and qualifications and limitations upon the reviews undertaken in preparing their respective opinions, each of Centerview and PJT Partners assumed that Newco would not assume any contingent liabilities of the Upjohn Business that are meaningful to their respective analyses or opinions, and did not take into account, for purposes of their respective analyses, the assumption by Newco of any contingent liabilities of the Upjohn Business. In addition, at the direction of Mylan’s management, each of Centerview and PJT Partners assumed that Newco would not assume any Pre-Distribution Tax Liabilities that are meaningful to their respective analyses or opinions. Also at this meeting, Cravath and Nauta reviewed the duties of the members of the Mylan directors under Dutch law, the structure of the proposed transaction, certain terms of the latest drafts of the transaction documents, the debt commitment papers and the arrangements for the potential transfer of Pfizer’s Meridian Medical Technologies business to the combined company, and certain aspects of Delaware law to which the combined company would be subject upon closing of the proposed transaction. The Mylan directors discussed various considerations in evaluating the proposed transaction, noting that the proposed transaction was superior to Mylan’s standalone strategic plan and the various available alternatives that had been explored to date in connection with the strategic review. Following this discussion, the Mylan Strategic Review Committee unanimously recommended that the Mylan Board approve the execution, delivery and performance of the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby and certain other matters in connection with the transactions. The Mylan Board then unanimously approved and authorized the execution, delivery and performance of the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby, recommended that the Mylan shareholders approve the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions and matters contemplated thereby and approved and authorized certain other matters in connection with the transactions.

From July 26 to July 28, 2019, representatives of Mylan, Pfizer, Cravath and Wachtell Lipton continued to negotiate unresolved contract provisions, including the scope of exclusions from the “material adverse effect” determination, and exchanged drafts of transaction documents and related documentation to finalize all contract provisions to reflect agreed positions, including agreeing on July 26, 2019 to the scope of the exclusions in the “material adverse effect” definition, as reflected in the definitive Business Combination Agreement. During this period, the parties also negotiated the scope of the antitrust litigations or investigations related to the Upjohn products that would be retained by Pfizer, and resolved that Pfizer would retain antitrust litigations or investigations relating to the Greenstone generics business to the extent arising from conduct during the period prior to the Distribution and certain specified antitrust litigations or investigations relating to the Upjohn Business set forth on a schedule (the material matters on such schedule are set forth in and discussed under “Note 13A2. Commitments and Contingencies: Legal Proceedings—Product Litigation—Effexor; and —Lipitor—Antitrust Actions” and “Note 13A4. Commitments and Contingencies: Legal Proceedings—Government Investigations— Phenytoin Sodium Capsules; and —Greenstone Investigations” to the unaudited condensed combined financial statements of the Upjohn Business as of and for the nine months ended September 29, 2019). As of September 29, 2019, Pfizer had accrued approximately $66 million in connection with the antitrust litigation or investigations related to the Upjohn Business that will be retained by Pfizer, which amount reflects losses that are both probable and reasonably estimable, as of such date, consistent with Pfizer’s accounting policies applicable to such matters (see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Upjohn Business—Contingencies—Legal Matters”). This $66 million of litigation related accruals remaining with Pfizer is reflected as a pro forma adjustment to the Upjohn Business’s unaudited condensed combined balance sheet as of September 29, 2019 (see the section entitled “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business”).

On the morning of July 29, 2019, before the opening of trading on Nasdaq and the NYSE, the applicable parties entered into the Business Combination Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement and other

 

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agreements related to the transactions, and Mylan and Pfizer issued a joint press release announcing the transactions. Mylan and Pfizer then held a joint conference call to discuss the transactions.

Pfizer’s Reasons for the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination

The Pfizer Board and Pfizer management periodically conduct reviews of Pfizer’s businesses to evaluate Pfizer’s current structure and composition, to determine whether changes might be advisable, and to look for attractive ways to add value for Pfizer’s stockholders. As part of such a review, the Pfizer Board and Pfizer management determined that separating the Upjohn Business was in the best interests of Pfizer and Pfizer’s stockholders. The Pfizer Board thus began the process that resulted in the entering into of the Business Combination Agreement. The Pfizer Board believes that the transactions will accomplish a number of important business objectives for Pfizer, as well as provide enhanced opportunities for the resulting combined company. These important business objectives include:

 

   

The transactions are expected to enable Pfizer to sharpen its focus and leadership in innovative pharmaceutical breakthroughs that change patients’ lives.

 

   

The transactions are expected to increase management focus on advancing Pfizer’s product pipeline, while investing for growth and continuing to return capital to stockholders.

 

   

The transactions are expected to result in, among other things, an expanded platform and improved operating efficiencies to enable the combined company to have the operational scale and commercial capabilities necessary to increase access to quality, trusted medicines for patients around the world.

 

   

The transactions will result in the combination of the Upjohn Business with Mylan, with Pfizer stockholders receiving, in the Distribution, 57% of the fully diluted shares of Newco common stock outstanding after the transactions.

 

   

The resulting combined company will be a new global pharmaceutical company with the ability to serve patients worldwide by, among other things, meaningfully expanding the geographic reach of Mylan’s existing broad product portfolio and future pipeline—including significant investments that have been made across complex generics and biosimilars—into new growth markets where the Upjohn Business has existing sales infrastructure and local market expertise.

 

   

The transactions are expected to help create significant additional value for Pfizer stockholders through the combined company’s strong cash flow and commitment to stockholder returns, along with Pfizer’s increased focus on its innovative medicines businesses.

In reaching its decision to approve the transactions, the Pfizer Board consulted with members of Pfizer’s management and Pfizer’s financial and legal advisors to consider the likely impact on stockholders, as well as a wide variety of additional factors in favor of the transactions, including, but not limited to, the following:

 

   

the potential value to Pfizer’s stockholders of the 57% of then-outstanding fully diluted shares of Newco common stock that they will own after the consummation of the transactions, including value resulting from: (a) the potential cost reductions attributable to expected efficiencies and synergies to be realized by combining the Upjohn Business with Mylan; and (b) the expected benefits of separating the Upjohn Business from Pfizer’s other businesses;

 

   

the strategic alternatives available to the Upjohn Business and the potential risks and benefits of such alternatives, including retaining the Upjohn Business, effecting a stand-alone spin or engaging in a taxable transaction to stockholders;

 

   

the anticipated tax-efficient structure for Pfizer’s stockholders; and

 

   

the other terms and conditions of the Business Combination Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement and the other Transaction Documents, which are summarized in this document.

 

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The Pfizer Board also considered certain countervailing factors during its deliberations that did not favor the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination, including, without limitation, the possibility that the anticipated benefits of the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination would fail to materialize.

The above discussion is not intended to be exhaustive. In view of the variety of factors and the amount of information considered, the Pfizer Board did not find it practicable to, and did not make specific assessments of, quantify or otherwise assign relative weights to, the specific factors considered in reaching its determination. In addition, the Pfizer Board did not undertake to make any specific determination as to whether any particular factor, or any aspect of any particular factor, was favorable or unfavorable to its ultimate determination, and individual members of the Pfizer Board may have given different weights to different factors.

Ownership of Newco Following the Combination

When the Distribution and Combination are completed, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will own 57% of Newco common stock, and Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will own 43% of Newco common stock, in each case on a fully diluted basis.

Board of Directors and Executive Officers of Newco Following the Combination

Board of Directors

The Business Combination Agreement provides that, as of the closing of the Combination, the Newco Board will consist of 13 members, including the Executive Chairman of Newco, who will be Robert J. Coury (current Chairman of the Mylan Board); the Chief Executive Officer of Newco, who will be Michael Goettler (current Global President of the Upjohn Business); eight persons designated by Mylan before the closing date; and three persons designated by Pfizer before the closing date (after consultation in good faith with Mylan). On December 18, 2019, Pfizer and Mylan announced that Ian Read and James Kilts (current director of Pfizer) will join the Newco Board upon completion of the Combination. Messrs. Read and Kilts were designated by Pfizer. Mr. Kilts will cease to be a member of the Pfizer Board immediately upon the closing of the Combination. In addition, the Newco Board will, upon the closing of the Combination, be classified into three classes substantially equal in size until the 2023 annual meeting of Newco stockholders. As a result, any significant change in composition of the Newco Board would likely take at least two years. The Executive Chairman of Newco will be in the class of directors whose term expires at the 2023 annual meeting of Newco stockholders, and each of the three persons designated by Pfizer will serve in a different class of directors.

Listed below is the biographical information for each person who is currently expected to become a member of the Newco Board:

 

   

Robert J. Coury, age 59. Chairman of Mylan since June 2016. Executive Chairman of Mylan from January 2012 until June 2016. Chairman of Mylan from May 2009 until January 2012. Chief Executive Officer of Mylan from September 2002 until January 2012. First elected to Mylan’s Board in February 2002 and became Vice Chairman shortly thereafter. Strategic Advisor to Mylan from 1995 to February 2002. Prior to Mylan, Mr. Coury was the principal of Coury Consulting, a boutique business advisory firm he formed in 1989, and The Coury Financial Group, a successful financial and estate planning firm, which he founded in 1984. Founder and President of the Robert J. Coury Family Foundation and a member of the University of Southern California President’s Leadership Council since 2014.

 

   

Michael Goettler, age 52. Group President, Pfizer Upjohn since January 2019. Executive Vice President from July 2018 until December 2018. Global President of Pfizer Inflammation & Immunology from January 2018 until June 2018. Global President of Pfizer Rare Disease from January 2016 until December 2017. Global Commercial Officer, Senior Vice President for Pfizer’s Global Innovative Pharma Business from January 2014 until December 2015. Regional President, Europe for Pfizer Specialty Care and the chair of the European Management Team from June 2012 until December 2013. Regional President Asia - Pacific for Specialty Care from October 2009 until June 2012. Member of the board of directors of PSI (Population Services International).

 

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Ian C. Read, age 66. Operating Executive, The Carlyle Group – Global Healthcare Group, since January 2020. Executive Chairman of Pfizer from January 2019 to December 31, 2019; Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Pfizer from December 2011 to December 2018. President and Chief Executive Officer of Pfizer from December 2010 until December 2011. Previously, he served as Senior Vice President and Group President of Pfizer’s Worldwide Biopharmaceutical Businesses, which he led from 2006 through December 2010. In that role, he oversaw five global business units—Primary Care, Specialty Care, Oncology, Established Products and Emerging Markets. Chair of the Pfizer Foundation. Director of Kimberly-Clark Corporation.

 

   

James M. Kilts, age 71. Founding Partner, Centerview Capital, a private equity firm, since 2006. Vice Chairman, The Procter & Gamble Company (Procter & Gamble), from 2005 to 2006. Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, The Gillette Company (Gillette), from 2001 to 2005 and President, Gillette, from 2003 to 2005. President and Chief Executive Officer, Nabisco Group Holdings Corporation (Nabisco), from 1998 until its acquisition in 2000. Director of MetLife, Inc., The Simply Good Foods Company and Unifi, Inc. Executive Chairman of the Board of Conyers Park II Acquisition Corp. Executive Chairman of the Board of Conyers Park Acquisition Corporation from 2016 until its merger with The Simply Good Foods Company in 2017. Non-Executive Director of the Board of Nielsen Holdings PLC from 2006 until 2017, Chairman of the Board of Nielsen Holdings from 2011 until 2013 and Chairman of the Nielsen Company B.V. from 2009 until 2014. Chairman of Big Heart Pet Brands until 2015 and Director of MeadWestvaco Corporation until 2014. Life Trustee of Knox College, Trustee of the University of Chicago and Founder and Co-Chair, Steering Committee, of the Kilts Center for Marketing at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business.

The other director to be designated by Pfizer and the eight directors to be designated by Mylan will be named at a later date.

Executive Officers

The Business Combination Agreement provides that, as of the closing of the Combination, Robert J. Coury will become the Executive Chairman of Newco, Michael Goettler will become the Chief Executive Officer of Newco, and Rajiv Malik, Mylan’s President, will become the President of Newco. The Chief Financial Officer of Newco will be selected jointly by Mylan and Pfizer following a search initiated by Mylan.

Director and Executive Compensation

Until the Separation, Newco will be a wholly owned subsidiary of Pfizer. Information regarding the historical compensation paid by Pfizer to its executive officers is described in “Executive Compensation” in Pfizer’s proxy statement for its 2019 annual meeting of shareholders filed with the SEC on March 14, 2019, which is incorporated by reference into this document. In addition, Robert J. Coury, who will become the Executive Chairman of Newco following the Combination is currently Chairman of the Mylan Board, and Rajiv Malik, who will become the President of Newco following the Combination is currently an executive officer of Mylan. Information concerning the historical compensation paid by Mylan to its directors and executive officers is described in Mylan’s proxy statement for its 2019 annual meeting of shareholders filed with the SEC on May 24, 2019, which is incorporated by reference into this document.

Following the closing of the Combination, decisions relating to the compensation and benefits of Newco’s directors and executive officers will be made by the Newco Board and its compensation committee. In connection with the Separation and Combination, Newco may adopt various compensation and benefits plans. The terms of any such plans would be described in subsequent filings as required by applicable SEC rules either before or after the closing of the Separation and Combination depending on the timing of the adoption of any such plans. Newco does not currently have a clawback policy and any such policy to be adopted by Newco will be determined following the closing of the Combination by the Newco Board. In addition, Mylan’s clawback policy will continue to apply with respect to any determination of misconduct made under the policy prior to the

 

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date of a “Change in Control” (as defined in Mylan’s Amended and Restated 2003 Long-Term Incentive Plan), but the policy will otherwise terminate following any such Change in Control. In addition, nothing in Mylan’s clawback policy would prevent Newco from taking any other action with respect to a Mylan executive in response to any misconduct by such executive prior to the Change in Control.

Concurrently with the negotiation of the transactions, the Compensation Committee and independent directors of the Mylan Board held discussions with Mr. Coury regarding his potential compensation and benefits in connection with a return as Executive Chairman both in the event an agreement was reached with Pfizer and in the event an agreement was not reached with Pfizer. In connection with these discussions, the Compensation Committee and independent directors of the Mylan Board discussed a potential employment agreement in which Mr. Coury would receive (i) a base salary of $1.8 million (which amount was consistent with Mr. Coury’s current retainer as Chairman), (ii) an annual incentive based target bonus equal to 125% of base salary, (iii) an annual grant of long term incentive awards with a grant date value equal to 600% of base salary and (iv) a one-time award of $10 million (which would recognize and reward Mr. Coury for, among other things, his continued strategic leadership of the company since he transitioned to non-executive Chairman in 2016, the unexpected and significantly increased efforts expended by Mr. Coury on company matters since that time, including his significant work in the negotiation of the transactions and expected leadership, direction and efforts between signing and closing of the transactions and beyond, and his willingness to return to service in an executive capacity to lead the strategy for the combined company). Under the potential employment agreement, the remaining unvested portion of the Chairman Retention RSUs granted to Mr. Coury in 2016, representing 250,000 restricted stock units at the closing, would continue to vest in accordance with their existing terms, subject to accelerated vesting in the event of certain terminations of employment.

The potential employment agreement also would provide that, upon termination of employment without cause or resignation for good reason, each as defined in the agreement, Mr. Coury would receive (i) a severance payment equal to three (3) times the sum of (x) his base salary at the time of termination and (y) the greater of his target bonus or highest bonus paid under the employment agreement through such date, (ii) a prorated annual bonus for the year of termination, (iii) accelerated vesting of equity awards held at the time of termination and (iv) continued welfare benefits for a three (3) year period.

Under the potential employment agreement, Mr. Coury would also receive a one-time grant of 1.6 million performance-based restricted stock units, which would be divided into five separate vesting tranches requiring 25%, 50%, 75%, 100% and 150% shareholder returns from the date of grant, subject to accelerated vesting in the event of certain terminations of employment. Based on estimates and certain assumptions considered during the discussions relating to this award, the vesting levels for the special incentive award would have represented challenging goals of delivering shareholder returns of approximately $18 billion, $27 billion, $35 billion, $44 billion and $61 billion, respectively, for shareholders of the combined company. This special performance-based award would have been forfeited by Mr. Coury in the event the transaction with Pfizer did not close.

Although the Compensation Committee and independent directors of the Mylan Board were supportive of the potential employment agreement, following discussions with Pfizer, the Mylan Board determined not to adopt any new arrangements for Mr. Coury at the time. The Mylan Board determined that it would be up to the Compensation Committee and independent directors of the Newco Board to determine the compensation arrangements of the Newco executive officers, including Mr. Coury, though members of the Mylan Board remained supportive of the employment agreement described above for a variety of reasons, including that it was critical to secure Mr. Coury’s commitment and willingness to serve as Executive Chairman given his history with Mylan, his experience in building and developing the strategy for Mylan given the continued and fast paced transformation of the industry, and Mr. Coury’s history of leading several prior transformative transactions and the importance of his strategic leadership and guidance over the first several years following the closing so that the company and its shareholders realize the significant opportunity and benefits that are expected from the transactions.

 

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It is expected that many of the members of the Mylan Board, which was supportive of the employment agreement described above for Mr. Coury, will become members of the Newco Board, so it is possible that the Compensation Committee and independent directors of the Newco Board will approve and adopt such compensation arrangement for Mr. Coury following the closing, subject to any modifications that they might conclude are appropriate following further review and discussion.

Form of Viatris Inc. 2020 Stock Incentive Plan

In connection with the Distribution, Pfizer intends to approve the Viatris Inc. 2020 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2020 Plan”) that provides Newco with the ability to grant equity and equity-based awards to the directors, officers, employees and other service providers of Newco following the Distribution. The 2020 Plan will become effective on the date of the Distribution (the “Effective Date”).

The following is a summary of the principal features of the 2020 Plan. This summary is not a complete description of all of the provisions of the 2020 Plan and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the 2020 Plan, the form of which is attached to this document as Exhibit 10.1.

Purpose

The general purpose of the 2020 Plan is to allow Newco to utilize equity awards to attract, retain and motivate non-employee directors, officers, employees and other service providers and to further align the interests of Newco’s employees, non-employee directors, officers and other service providers with those of Newco’s shareholders. Non-qualified stock options, incentive stock options, total shareholder return units (“TSRUs”), stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), restricted stock units (“RSUs”), performance awards (including performance share awards and performance cash awards) and other stock unit awards, as well as dividend equivalents and dividend equivalent units with respect to any of the foregoing, if applicable, may be granted under the 2020 Plan.

Administration and Duration

The selection of participants in the 2020 Plan and the level of participation of each such participant will be determined by the Compensation Committee of the Newco Board (the “Newco Compensation Committee”). The Newco Compensation Committee may delegate any or all of its authority to administer the 2020 Plan as it deems appropriate, except that no delegation may be made to an employee of Newco in the case of awards made to individuals who are subject to Section 16 of the Exchange Act.

The 2020 Plan will terminate on the tenth anniversary of the Effective Date, unless terminated earlier by the Newco Board.

Shares Subject to the Plan

Subject to adjustments for changes in capitalization, the maximum number of shares reserved for issuance under the 2020 Plan will be 72,500,000 shares of Newco, plus any shares underlying awards assumed, substituted or replaced by Newco in connection with the Combination.

Any shares that terminate, expire, or are forfeited, cancelled or settled in cash, may be used for the future grant of awards to the extent of such termination, expiration, forfeiture, cancellation or settlement, except that such shares may not be granted as incentive stock options. Shares subject to awards under the 2020 Plan may not again be made available for issuance or delivery if such shares are (i) shares that were subject to a stock-settled TSRU/SAR and were not issued upon the net settlement or net exercise of such TSRU/SAR, (ii) shares delivered or withheld by Newco to pay the exercise price of an option, (iii) shares delivered to or withheld by Newco to pay the withholding taxes related to an award, (iv) shares withheld by Newco in connection with the net

 

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settlement of an award or (v) shares repurchased on the open market with the proceeds of an option exercise. The shares to be delivered under the 2020 Plan will be made available from authorized but unissued shares of Newco common stock, from treasury shares and/or from shares purchased in the open market or otherwise.

Limitations on Awards under the 2020 Plan

During the term of the 2020 Plan, no individual may be granted stock options, TSRUs, SARs or other equity awards covering more than 7,500,000 shares during any consecutive 36-month period.

No participant under the 2020 Plan will be paid a performance cash award in any calendar year in an amount in excess of $15,000,000. The maximum number of shares reserved for issuance under the 2020 Plan may be granted as incentive stock options under the 2020 Plan.

Pursuant to the 2020 Plan, the dollar value of equity awards and/or the cash retainer that may be granted to any one non-employee director under the 2020 Plan or otherwise for service in such capacity is limited to an aggregate value (at grant) of $750,000 in any calendar year.

Eligibility

All employees of Newco and its affiliates, as well as Newco’s non-employee directors and other service providers, are eligible to participate in the 2020 Plan. In general, the Newco Compensation Committee will determine who will be granted awards, the number of shares subject to such grants and the terms and conditions applicable to such grants. Following the Effective Date, Newco is expected to have approximately 47,000 employees and the Newco Board will have 13 directors, each of whom may be eligible to participate in the 2020 Plan.

Minimum Vesting Period

The 2020 Plan provides that awards may be granted with a minimum vesting period of at least twelve months, provided that the Newco Compensation Committee may (i) grant awards without regard to the foregoing minimum vesting requirement with respect to up to five percent of the shares subject to the 2020 Plan described above, (ii) grant awards on an ad hoc basis in order to achieve a specified business objective (e.g., in connection with inducement awards to new hires or retention awards to key employees) and (iii) provide for accelerated vesting of awards to the extent permitted by the 2020 Plan (e.g., in connection with a termination of employment). Any substitute awards, shares delivered in lieu of fully vested cash-denominated awards and awards to non-employee directors that vest on the earlier of the first anniversary of the date of grant or the next annual meeting of shareholders which is at least 50 weeks after the immediately preceding annual meeting are excluded from such minimum vesting period.

No Dividends or Dividend Equivalents on Unvested Awards

Notwithstanding any provision of the 2020 Plan to the contrary, dividends, dividend equivalents and dividend equivalent units will only be paid if, and to the extent, the underlying award vests, regardless of whether vesting is contingent upon the achievement of performance goals or time.

Prohibition on Repricing

The 2020 Plan does not permit the repricing of options, TSRUs or SARs, or the exchange of underwater options, TSRUs or SARs for cash or stock/units, in each case without shareholder approval, and options, TSRUs and SARs may not be granted at a discount to the fair market value of Newco common stock on the grant date (with an exercise price lower than the fair market value). The limited circumstance of the assumption or substitution of awards in a transaction that involves the adjustment of awards in order to preserve the aggregate value of such awards would not be considered a repricing for this purpose.

 

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Transferability

Unless otherwise determined by the Newco Compensation Committee, awards granted under the 2020 Plan may not be transferred except by will or the laws of descent and distribution and, during a participant’s lifetime, any options or awards may be exercised only by the participant. The 2020 Plan explicitly prohibits the transfer of awards to third parties for consideration.

Certain Adjustments

In the event of any change in the number or kind of outstanding shares of Newco common stock by reason of a recapitalization, merger, consolidation, reorganization, stock split, reverse stock split, spin-off, split-off, stock dividend, extraordinary cash dividend or similar transaction or other change in the corporate structure or shares of Newco common stock, an appropriate adjustment will be made consistent with applicable provisions of the Internal Revenue Code and Treasury Department rulings and regulations, and as the Newco Compensation Committee, in its sole and absolute discretion deems equitable or appropriate, including:

 

   

In the number, class and kind of shares for which any options or awards may thereafter be granted, both in the aggregate and as to each optionee or award holder;

 

   

In the number, class and kind of shares or other property, including cash, subject to outstanding options and awards;

 

   

In the option or exercise price, if applicable; and

 

   

Other adjustments as the Newco Compensation Committee deems appropriate.

Change in Control

Unless the Newco Compensation Committee or the Newco Board determines otherwise at the time of grant, in the event a participant’s employment is involuntarily terminated without “cause” (as defined in the 2020 Plan) during the 24-month period following a “change in control” (as defined in the 2020 Plan):

 

   

Any unvested options and SARs will vest and remain exercisable for their full term in accordance with the terms of the grant, as applicable;

 

   

Any unvested RSUs will fully vest and be settled at the time of the termination;

 

   

Any unvested TSRUs will continue to vest and will be settled in accordance with the terms of the grant, as applicable;

 

   

Any vested options, TSRUs, and SARs will remain exercisable for their full term or be settled in accordance with the terms of the grant, as applicable;

 

   

In general, performance awards will continue to vest and become payable in accordance with the terms of the grant, as applicable;

 

   

The restrictions on any restricted stock awards will lapse, and such awards will become fully vested and transferable to the full extent of the original grant, as applicable; and

 

   

Any other awards will continue to vest and become payable in accordance with the terms of the grant, as applicable.

Additionally, the Newco Compensation Committee or the Newco Board may provide for awards to be cancelled in exchange for a payment in connection with a change in control. However, if the exercise price per share under any outstanding option is equal to or greater than the fair market value of a share, or the value (change in stock price plus projected dividend equivalents) of any outstanding TSRU or SAR is negative, the Newco Board may cancel such award without the payment of any consideration.

 

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Recoupment Policy

Awards under the 2020 Plan are subject to Newco’s policies on recoupment of gains realized from any awards as may be in effect from time to time, and to any clawback policy that Newco is required to adopt pursuant to the listing standards of any national securities exchange or association on which Newco’s securities are listed or as is otherwise required by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act or other applicable law.

Amendment and Termination

The Newco Board may amend or terminate the 2020 Plan, but may not, without prior approval of the Newco shareholders:

 

   

Increase the maximum number of shares of Newco common stock that may be issued under the 2020 Plan;

 

   

Extend the term of the 2020 Plan;

 

   

Change the eligibility criteria;

 

   

Reprice any option, TSRU or SAR except as provided for in the 2020 Plan; or

 

   

Take any other action that requires shareholder approval to comply with any tax or regulatory requirement.

Additionally, the Newco Board may not take any action with respect to an affected participant without such participant’s consent if the action would materially impair the participant’s rights under any outstanding award.

TYPES OF AWARDS

Stock Options

Options granted under the 2020 Plan may be either non-qualified stock options or incentive stock options qualifying under Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code. The exercise price may not be less than the fair market value of a share of Newco common stock on the date the option is granted.

The exercise price is payable in cash or, if the grant provides, in Newco common stock. Generally, all options terminate after a 10-year period from the date of the grant. The 2020 Plan also provides for the automatic exercise of options that are due to expire in the event that the exercise price is less than the fair market value of the underlying shares.

Total Shareholder Return Units / Stock Appreciation Rights

A TSRU or SAR represents a right to receive the excess of (i) the fair market value of one share of Newco common stock on the date of the settlement pursuant to the terms of the grant plus dividends, if applicable, over (ii) the grant price of the right on the grant date, as specified by the Newco Compensation Committee. Any TSRU/SAR may not be granted with a grant price that is less than the fair market value of a share of Newco common stock on the date the TSRU/SAR is granted and cannot have a term longer than 10 years. The 2020 Plan also provides for the automatic exercise of SARs that are due to expire in the event that the exercise price is less than the fair market value of the underlying shares. Distributions to the recipient may be made in Newco common stock, in cash or in a combination of both as determined by the Newco Compensation Committee.

Restricted Stock Awards

Restricted stock is stock issued with such contingencies or restrictions as the Newco Compensation Committee may impose. Until the conditions or contingencies are satisfied or lapse, the restricted stock is subject

 

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to forfeiture. Unless the Newco Compensation Committee determines otherwise, a recipient of a restricted stock award has the same voting, dividend and other rights as holders of common stock, except that the 2020 Plan prohibits the payment of dividends on unearned/unvested awards. Instead, such dividends may accumulate and become payable when the underlying restricted stock becomes vested.

Restricted Stock Units

An RSU is an award of a right to receive, in cash or shares, as the Newco Compensation Committee may determine, the fair market value of one share of Newco common stock, on such terms and conditions as the Newco Compensation Committee may determine.

Performance-Based Awards

The Newco Compensation Committee may grant performance-based awards that are earned subject to the achievement of set performance goals, including performance share awards and performance cash awards. A performance award may be in any form of award permitted under the 2020 Plan. The Newco Compensation Committee may select periods during which performance criteria chosen by the Newco Compensation Committee (which may include achievement of specified levels of company or business unit performance) are measured for the purpose of determining the extent to which a performance award has been earned. The Newco Compensation Committee decides whether the performance levels have been achieved, what amount of the award will be paid and the form of payment, which may be cash, shares of Newco common stock or other property or any combination thereof.

Other Stock Unit Awards

The Newco Compensation Committee may grant other stock unit awards that are valued by reference to, or are otherwise based on, shares of Newco common stock and which may be paid in cash, shares of Newco common stock or other property.

The Newco Compensation Committee will determine the terms of each grant of stock options, TSRUs, SARs, restricted stock awards, RSUs, performance-based awards and other stock unit awards, including treatment of such awards if the participant ceases to be an employee before the end of the applicable vesting period, at the time of the applicable grant.

Operations Following the Combination

The combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business is expected to create a unique company with no direct pharmaceutical peer set. Bringing the two highly complementary businesses together will transform and accelerate the ability of both businesses to serve patients’ needs and expand their capabilities across more than 165 markets.

Mylan expects the transactions to have the following strategic benefits:

 

   

Increased Scale and Portfolio Diversification. The transactions are expected to result in a combined company with increased global scale and geographic reach as compared to Mylan on a standalone basis, offering greater capabilities to expand access to medicine and able to meet the world’s diverse therapeutic and evolving health needs. The transactions are expected to result in a new company that will offer a sustainable, diverse and differentiated portfolio of prescription medicines, complex generics, over-the-counter products and biosimilars, supported by commercial and regulatory expertise, established infrastructure, best-in-class R&D capabilities and high-quality manufacturing and supply chain excellence. In particular, Mylan brings a diverse portfolio across many geographies and key therapeutic areas, as well as a robust pipeline, diverse manufacturing capabilities and supply chain

 

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excellence. In addition, the Upjohn Business brings trusted, iconic brands, such as Lipitor (atorvastatin calcium), Celebrex (celecoxib) and Viagra (sildenafil), proven commercialization capabilities, including leadership positions in China and other emerging markets, and world-class manufacturing facilities with a track record of quality and safety.

 

   

Complementary Market Access and Capabilities and Geographic Diversification. The Upjohn Business will contribute complementary market access and capabilities to Mylan’s existing business, including the commercial experience in growth markets that the management and employees of the Upjohn Business will bring to the combined company. The transactions will allow the combined company to meaningfully expand the geographic reach of Mylan’s existing broad product portfolio and future pipeline, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region.

 

   

Synergies. The transactions are expected to produce $1 billion of annual cost synergies by 2023.

To enable Mylan and Pfizer to manage an orderly transition in the operation of Newco in connection with the transactions, Pfizer and Newco will enter into Transition Services Agreements pursuant to which each party will provide certain limited transition services to the other party generally for an initial period of 24 months following the date on which Pfizer no longer holds shares of Newco common stock as a consequence of the Distribution (with certain possibilities for extension). For more information, please see “Additional Transaction Agreements—Transition Services Agreements” beginning on page 144 of this document.

The foregoing description of the combined company’s business following the closing of the transactions includes certain forward-looking statements. The foregoing expected strategic benefits of the transactions are based on numerous variables and assumptions that are inherently uncertain, many of which are beyond the control of Mylan’s management and the management of Pfizer and the Upjohn Business and, upon consummation of the Combination, beyond the control of the combined company. For example, regulatory developments in jurisdictions in which Mylan and the Upjohn Business operate, such as pricing pressures in China as a result of regulatory initiatives that focus on patient access and reimbursement for pharmaceutical medicines, could result in these strategic benefits not being achieved in a timely manner or at all. Future activities could be affected by a number of factors, uncertainties and risks. See “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors” discussed above in this document.

Liquidity and Capital Resources of Newco following the Combination

As of September 30, 2019, Mylan had total assets of $31,053.5 million, current liabilities of $4,645 million and long-term debt of $12,460.5 million. Also, as of September 29, 2019, the Upjohn Business had total assets of $16,924 million, current liabilities of $3,355 million and no long-term debt. Following the consummation of the transactions, Newco’s total assets and liabilities are expected to increase significantly relative to the assets of Mylan or the Upjohn Business prior to the consummation of the transactions. As of September 30, 2019, on a pro forma basis (as described in the section of this document entitled “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business”), Newco would have had total assets of $65,352 million, current liabilities of $19,821 million (including $12,000 million of short-term borrowings) and long-term debt of $12,461 million. Mylan’s cash from operations was $1,117 million and $2,341.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, respectively. The Upjohn Business’s cash from operations was $3,819 million and $5,721 million for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, respectively.

Mylan and Newco expect Newco’s interest expense to increase significantly as a result of the consummation of the transactions. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and the year ended December 31, 2018, on a pro forma basis (as described in the section of this document entitled “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business”), Newco would have incurred additional interest expense of $423 million and $473 million, respectively, in connection with the Financing. See the section of this document entitled “Description of Financing” for more information on the Financing.

 

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Mylan and Newco believe that the combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business will result in approximately $1 billion of annual cost synergies expected to be achieved by 2023. Mylan and Newco expect Newco to incur significant, one-time costs in connection with the transactions, including approximately $350 million in transaction-related expenses. No assurances of the timing or amount of synergies able to be captured, or the costs necessary to achieve those synergies, can be provided.

On or prior to the date of the Cash Distribution, Newco will have incurred new indebtedness in an aggregate principal amount of up to $12 billion in order to fund the Cash Distribution. Newco and Mylan expect the form of this new indebtedness to be the Permanent Securities and/or the Permanent Loans. If the Permanent Financing is unavailable on or prior to the date of the Cash Distribution, the Bridge Facility will be provided pursuant to the Newco Commitment Letter. See “Description of Financing” for more information on the anticipated material terms of the financing, based on the current expectations of Mylan and Newco.

Mylan and Newco anticipate that Newco’s primary sources of liquidity for working capital and operating activities, including any future acquisitions, will be cash from operations. Mylan and Newco expect that these sources of liquidity will be sufficient to make required payments of interest on the Financing and to fund working capital and capital expenditure requirements, including the significant one-time costs relating to the transactions described above. Mylan and Newco expect that Newco will be able to comply with the financial and other covenants of its debt arrangements, particularly relating to the Financing, and the covenants under the agreements governing the Financing. See “Risk Factors—Risks Relating to the Combined Company—The combined company will have a substantial amount of indebtedness following the transactions, which could materially adversely affect its financial condition.” for more information on the risks related to Newco’s indebtedness.

For more information on the Upjohn Business’s and Mylan’s existing sources of liquidity, see the section of this document entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for the Upjohn Business” and the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in Mylan’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, as amended, and Mylan’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 which are filed with the SEC and incorporated by reference in this document. See “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”

Accounting Treatment

ASC Topic 805 “Business Combinations” requires the use of purchase accounting for business combinations. In applying purchase accounting, it is necessary to identify both the accounting acquiree and the accounting acquirer. In identifying the accounting acquirer in a combination effected through an exchange of equity interests, such as the Combination, all pertinent facts and circumstances must be considered, including, but not limited to, the following:

 

   

The relative voting interests in the combined company. In accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, following the consummation of the transactions, Pfizer stockholders will hold 57% of the issued and outstanding shares of the combined company on a fully diluted basis and former Mylan shareholders will hold 43% of the issued and outstanding shares of the combined company on a fully diluted basis.

 

   

The composition of the governing body of the combined company. In accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, at the Effective Time, the Newco Board will consist of 13 members, including the Executive Chairman of Newco, who will be Robert J. Coury (current Chairman of the Mylan Board); the Chief Executive Officer of Newco, who will be Michael Goettler (current Global President of the Upjohn Business); eight persons designated by Mylan prior to the closing date; and three persons designated by Pfizer prior to the closing date (after consultation in good faith with Mylan). On December 18, 2019, Pfizer and Mylan announced that Ian Read and James Kilts (current

 

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director of Pfizer) will join the Newco Board upon completion of the Combination. Messrs. Read and Kilts were designated by Pfizer. Mr. Kilts will cease to be a member of the Pfizer Board immediately upon the closing of the Combination. The Executive Chairman of Newco will be in the class of directors whose term expires at the 2023 annual meeting of Newco stockholders, and each of the three persons designated by Pfizer will serve in a different class of directors.

 

   

The composition of the senior management of the combined company. In accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, the senior management of Newco at the Effective Time will include (i) the current Chairman of Mylan, Robert J. Coury, who shall be Executive Chairman, (ii) the current Group President of the Upjohn Business, Michael Goettler, who shall be Chief Executive Officer, (iii) the current President of Mylan, Rajiv Malik, who shall be President, and (iv) a person selected jointly by Mylan and Pfizer following a search initiated by Mylan, who shall be Chief Financial Officer.

The transaction between Mylan and Newco is a reverse merger acquisition with Newco representing the legal acquirer and Mylan representing the accounting acquirer of the Upjohn Business. Mylan, Pfizer and Newco have determined that Mylan will be the accounting acquirer in this combination based on an analysis of the facts and circumstances specific to this transaction, including those outlined above. Newco will apply purchase accounting to the acquired assets and assumed liabilities of the Upjohn Business upon consummation of the transactions. Upon completion of the transactions, the historical financial statements of the combined company will be those of Mylan.

The accounting treatment of the Combination in accordance with ASC 805 assumes that the Distribution will occur through a spin-off. In a spin-off, Pfizer will effect the Distribution by distributing on a pro rata basis all of the shares of Newco common stock then held by Pfizer to Pfizer stockholders entitled to shares of Newco common stock in the Distribution as of the record date of the Distribution. In a split-off, Pfizer would offer its stockholders the option to exchange all or a portion of their shares of Pfizer common stock for shares of Newco common stock in an exchange offer, resulting in a reduction in shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding. If the exchange offer is undertaken and consummated, the remaining shares of Newco common stock then held by Pfizer, if any, would be distributed on a pro rata basis to Pfizer stockholders whose shares of Pfizer common stock remain outstanding after the consummation of the exchange offer. As such, there is no effect on purchase accounting in accordance with ASC 805 as the total number of shares of Newco common stock issued is not impacted by the form of the Distribution.

The accounting treatment of the Combination in accordance with ASC 805 assumes the Combination will be effected through the Mylan Merger. However, even if the Alternative Transaction Structure is utilized to effect the Combination, there will be no impact on the total number of shares of Newco common stock issued to Pfizer stockholders. As such, Newco and Mylan do not expect there would be a material impact on purchase accounting in accordance with ASC 805 even if the Alternative Transaction Structure is utilized.

In addition, the $12 billion of debt to be incurred by Newco and utilized towards the Cash Distribution is not currently reflected in the historical combined financial statements of the Upjohn Business as Newco will incur borrowings for the Cash Distribution on or prior to the date of the Cash Distribution, which will occur immediately prior to the closing of the Combination. The $12 billion of debt to be incurred by Newco is considered debt of Newco assumed in the Combination in accordance with ASC 805. The Exchange Ratio in the Combination will not be impacted by the Cash Distribution.

Furthermore, the Business Combination Agreement provides that Newco will pay Pfizer for certain losses arising out of certain third-party actions following the closing date. See “Business Combination Agreement—Certain Litigation Matters” for more information on the litigation matters for which Newco has agreed to pay Pfizer a certain amount in respect of related losses. At September 30, 2019, Mylan has not estimated or accrued for any amounts related to such contingency. Any such amount will be considered additional purchase price in the form of contingent consideration. At this time, Mylan does not have sufficient information available to make a preliminary estimate of the fair value of any contingent consideration. The Exchange Ratio in the Combination will not be impacted by this provision.

 

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Closing; Effective Time

Under the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, the closing of the Combination, other than any aspect of the Mylan Newco Liquidation or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation, that under law or pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement is to occur at a later time, will take place on the third business day after all conditions precedent to the Combination (other than those conditions requiring the consummation of the Separation and Distribution in accordance with the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement and any other conditions that are to be satisfied at the closing of the Combination) have been satisfied or, where permissible under applicable law, waived, or such other date and time as the parties may agree. The Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation Distribution, shall be made on the closing date (New York time).

Merger Structure

On the closing date of the Combination before 6:00 p.m., New York City time, Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub shall effectuate the Mylan Merger by executing a notarial deed in accordance with the Mylan Merger Proposal. Immediately following the Mylan Merger Effective Time on the closing date, Acquisition Sub (or its designated nominee), Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub will effectuate the Share Sale by entering into a notarial deed of transfer of shares. As soon as practicable after the effective time of the Share Sale on the closing date, the Mylan Newco Liquidation shall occur.

Alternative Transaction Structure

If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code, then, unless otherwise mutually determined by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, the Combination shall consist of the Asset Sale followed by the Mylan Liquidation (collectively, the “Alternative Transaction Structure”).

In the event that the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, on the closing date of the Combination, Acquisition Sub and Mylan will effectuate the Asset Sale by entering into the Sale Agreement. The Asset Sale will be deemed effective as of 6:00 p.m. New York City time on the closing date. As soon as practicable on the closing date after the effective time of the Asset Sale, the Mylan Liquidation shall occur.

Regulatory Approvals Related to the Combination

U.S. Antitrust

Under the HSR Act and related rules, the Combination may not be completed until notifications have been given and information furnished to the FTC and to the Antitrust Division, and all statutory waiting period requirements have been satisfied. A transaction notifiable under the HSR Act may not be completed until the expiration of a 30-calendar-day waiting period following the parties’ filings of their respective HSR Act notification forms or the early termination of that waiting period. The parties may also choose to voluntarily restart the initial 30-day waiting period by following certain prescribed procedures. After the expiration of the initial waiting period (or the restarted initial waiting period), the Antitrust Division or the FTC may issue a Request for Additional Information and Documentary Material, which is referred to in this document as a “Second Request.” If a Second Request is issued, the parties may not complete the merger until they substantially comply with the Second Request and observe a second 30-calendar-day waiting period, unless the waiting period is terminated earlier. Each of Pfizer and Mylan filed its Notification and Report form with respect to the Combination on September 6, 2019. On October 7, 2019, Pfizer and Mylan each received a Second Request from the FTC relating to the Combination. The effect of these requests, which were issued under the HSR Act, is to extend the waiting period imposed by the HSR Act until 30 days after Pfizer and Mylan have certified substantial compliance with the requests, unless the period is extended voluntarily by the parties or terminated earlier by the FTC.

 

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Foreign Regulatory Approvals

Pfizer and Mylan are also required to obtain antitrust clearance from a number of antitrust authorities outside the United States as condition precedent to the Combination (collectively, the “Required Jurisdictions”): the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, the Brazilian Administrative Council of Economic Defense, the Canadian Competition Bureau, the State Administration for Market Regulation in China, the European Commission, the Competition Commission of India, the Japan Fair Trade Commission, the Mexican Federal Economic Competition Commission, the Philippine Competition Commission, the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia, the Competition Commission of South Africa and the Turkish Competition Authority, or to observe the applicable statutory waiting period in each of those jurisdictions. In addition, if the United Kingdom were to withdraw from the European Union before the issuance of antitrust clearance by the European Commission, the parties will also be required to obtain antitrust clearance from the UK Competition and Markets Authority if it asserts jurisdiction to review the transactions. Under the Business Combination Agreement, Pfizer and Mylan may add additional jurisdictions to the list of Required Jurisdictions by mutual written agreement before the closing of the Combination.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Philippine Competition Commission on August 28, 2019. On September 26, 2019, the authority informed the parties that the thresholds for a mandatory antitrust approval are not met and on September 27, 2019 the Parties withdrew the notification form. The Parties have agreed that the September 26, 2019 letter from the Philippine Competition Commission is sufficient to satisfy any closing conditions related to securing antitrust approval in the Philippines.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Chinese State Administration for Market Regulation on September 17, 2019. On January 16, 2020, the Chinese State Administration for Market Regulation granted clearance of the Combination.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification with the Brazilian Administrative Council of Economic Defense on October 7, 2019. On January 21, 2020, the Brazilian Administrative Council of Economic Defense granted clearance of the Combination, effective as of February 7, 2020.

 

   

The parties filed the required merger control filing with the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia on October 21, 2019. On November 15, 2019, the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia granted clearance of the Combination.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission on November 1, 2019. Review is pending.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Turkish Competition Authority on November 8, 2019. Review is pending.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Mexican Federal Economic Competition Commission on January 7, 2020. Review is pending.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Canadian Competition Bureau on January 10, 2020. Review is pending.

 

   

The parties filed the Initial Application with the General Authority for Competition of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on January 23, 2020.

 

   

The parties filed the required merger control filing with the Competition Commission of India on January 27, 2020.

 

   

The parties filed the required merger control filing with the Competition Commission of South Africa on January 27, 2020.

In addition to the Required Jurisdictions, Pfizer and Mylan are seeking antitrust clearance from the Competition Authority of Botswana, the Superintendence of Industry and Commerce in Colombia, COMESA

 

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(Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa) Competition Commission, the Competition Authority of Kenya, the Namibian Competition Commission, the Serbian Commission for Protection of Competition, the General Authority for Competition of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Taiwanese Competition Commission, the Anti-Monopoly Committee of Ukraine and the New Zealand Commerce Commission.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Serbian Commission for Protection of Competition on August 13, 2019. The parties received an unconditional clearance on September 27, 2019.

 

   

The parties filed a courtesy letter with the COMESA Competition Commission on August 28, 2019 and will be formally filing in due course.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Taiwanese Competition Commission on November 7, 2019. Review is pending.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Superintendence of Industry and Commerce in Colombia on December 4, 2019. On December 9, 2019, the Superintendence of Industry and Commerce in Colombia granted clearance of the Combination.

 

   

The parties provided draft clearance documentation to the New Zealand Commerce Commission on November 4, 2019 and subsequently filed the required notification form with the New Zealand Commerce Commission on December 10, 2019. Review is pending.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Anti-Monopoly Committee of Ukraine on December 18, 2019. On January 30, 2020, the Anti-Monopoly Committee of Ukraine granted clearance of the Combination.

Listing of Newco Common Stock

There is currently no public market for Newco common stock. Newco intends to file an application for the listing of the shares of Newco common stock on the NASDAQ. It is a condition to the obligation of the parties to consummate the Combination that the shares of Newco common stock to be issued in connection with the Distribution and the Combination have been approved for listing on a U.S. nationally recognized securities exchange.

No assurance can be given as to the trading price of Newco common stock after the transactions, or whether the combined trading prices of Pfizer common stock and Newco common stock after the transactions will be less than, equal to or greater than the combined trading prices of Pfizer common stock and Mylan ordinary shares before the transactions. Mylan cannot assure you as to whether the trading prices of Newco common stock after the transactions will be less than, equal to or greater than the trading price of Mylan ordinary shares prior to the transactions. The trading price of shares of Newco common stock may fluctuate significantly following the transactions. See “Risk Factors” for more detail.

U.S. Federal Securities Law Consequences; Resale Restrictions

Newco common stock issued pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement will not be subject to any restrictions on transfer arising under the Securities Act, except for shares issued to any person who may be deemed to be an “affiliate” of Newco for purposes of Rule 145 under the Securities Act. Persons who may be “affiliates” of Newco after completion of the transactions include individuals who control, are controlled by or are under common control with Newco, as those terms generally are interpreted for U.S. federal securities law purposes.

Delisting and Deregistration of Mylan Ordinary Shares

Mylan intends to delist the Mylan ordinary shares from the NASDAQ and subsequently deregister the Mylan ordinary shares under the Exchange Act upon the consummation of the Combination.

 

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No Dissenter’s Rights or Rights Of Appraisal

Mylan shareholders are not entitled under Dutch law or otherwise to exercise appraisal or dissenter’s rights in connection with the Combination.

Pfizer stockholders (including as stockholders of Newco) are not entitled under the DGCL or otherwise to exercise appraisal or dissenter’s rights in connection with the Combination.

 

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MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES

General

The following are the material U.S. federal income tax consequences of (i) the Distribution to Pfizer, Newco and U.S. Holders and Non-U.S. Holders (as defined below) of Pfizer common stock, and (ii) the ownership and disposition of Newco common stock by Non-U.S. Holders after the Distribution and Combination. This discussion is based on the Internal Revenue Code, applicable Treasury Department regulations, administrative interpretations and court decisions as in effect as of the date of this registration statement, all of which may change, possibly with retroactive effect.

For purposes of this discussion, a “U.S. Holder” is a beneficial owner of Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock that is for U.S. federal income tax purposes:

 

   

a citizen or resident of the United States;

 

   

a corporation, or other entity taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal tax purposes, created or organized in or under the laws of the United States or of any political subdivision thereof;

 

   

an estate the income of which is subject to U.S. federal income taxation regardless of its source; or

 

   

a trust if (a) a U.S. court is able to exercise primary supervision over the administration of the trust and one or more U.S. persons have the authority to control all substantial decisions of the trust, or (b) the trust has a valid election in effect to be treated as a U.S. person for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

A “Non-U.S. Holder” is a beneficial owner of Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock that is not a U.S. Holder and is not a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes. A non-resident alien individual present in the United States for 183 days or more in the taxable year of disposition, or a former citizen or former resident of the United States should consult a tax advisor regarding the U.S. federal income tax consequences relevant to their particular circumstances.

This discussion assumes that U.S. Holders and Non-U.S. Holders of Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock hold such stock or shares, respectively, as a capital asset (generally, assets held for investment). It does not address all aspects of U.S. federal income taxation that may be important to a holder in light of that holder’s particular circumstances, including alternative minimum tax and Medicare contribution tax consequences, and consequences under Section 451(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, or to a holder subject to special rules, such as:

 

   

a financial institution, regulated investment company or insurance company;

 

   

a tax-exempt organization;

 

   

a dealer or broker in securities, commodities or foreign currencies;

 

   

a real estate investment trust;

 

   

a stockholder that holds its Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock as part of a hedge, appreciated financial position, straddle, conversion, or other risk reduction transaction;

 

   

stockholder that holds Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock in a tax-deferred account, such as an individual retirement account or a plan qualifying under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code; or

 

   

a stockholder that acquired Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock pursuant to the exercise of options or similar derivative securities or otherwise as compensation.

If a partnership, or any entity or arrangement treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes, holds Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock, the tax treatment of a partner in such partnership generally will depend on the status of the partner and the activities of the partnership. A partner in a partnership holding Newco common stock or Pfizer common stock should consult its own tax advisor.

 

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This discussion of material U.S. federal income tax consequences does not address all potential U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Distribution or of the ownership and disposition of Newco common stock, including consequences that may depend on individual circumstances. In addition, it does not address any estate or gift or other non-income tax consequences or any non-U.S., state or local tax consequences.

Each holder of Pfizer common stock should consult its own tax advisor to determine the particular U.S. federal, state or local or non-U.S. income or other tax consequences of the Distribution to such holder or of holding and disposing of its Newco common stock.

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Distribution to U.S. Holders and Non-U.S. Holders of Pfizer Common Stock

The consummation of the Distribution, the Combination and certain related transactions is conditioned upon Pfizer’s receipt of the IRS Ruling to the effect that the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, will qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution will qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code and the Pfizer Distribution Payments will qualify as money distributed to Pfizer creditors or stockholders in connection with the reorganization for purposes of Section 361(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. The IRS Ruling, if received, will rely on certain facts, assumptions, representations and undertakings from Pfizer regarding the past and future conduct of Pfizer’s and Newco’s businesses and other matters. If any of these facts, assumptions, representations or undertakings are incorrect or not otherwise satisfied, Pfizer may not be able to rely on the IRS Ruling.

In addition, the consummation of the Distribution, the Combination and certain related transactions is also conditioned upon Pfizer’s receipt of the Tax Opinion from its tax counsel substantially to the effect that, based on the IRS Ruling and such counsel’s analysis of the issues not addressed in the IRS Ruling, the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, will qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution will qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code and the Pfizer Distribution Payments will qualify as money distributed to Pfizer creditors or stockholders in connection with the reorganization for purposes of Section 361(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. In rendering the Tax Opinion, Pfizer’s tax counsel will rely on (a) customary representations and covenants made by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, and (b) specified assumptions, including an assumption regarding the completion of the Distribution, Combination and certain related transactions in the manner contemplated by the transaction agreements. In addition, Pfizer tax counsel’s ability to provide the Tax Opinion will depend on the absence of changes in existing facts or law between the date of this registration statement and the date of the Distribution. If any of those representations, covenants or assumptions is inaccurate, tax counsel may not be able to provide the Tax Opinion or the tax consequences of the Distribution could differ from those described below. An opinion of tax counsel neither binds the IRS nor precludes the IRS or the courts from adopting a contrary position.

Accordingly, notwithstanding the IRS Ruling and the Tax Opinion, there can be no assurance that the IRS will not assert a position contrary to one or more of the conclusions set forth herein and if the IRS prevails in such challenge, the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, to Pfizer, Newco and the holders of Pfizer common stock could be materially different from, and worse than, the U.S. federal income tax consequences described below.

On the basis that the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, will qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code and the Distribution will qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code, in general, for U.S. federal income tax purposes:

 

   

the Distribution and the receipt and use by Pfizer of the Cash Distribution will generally not result in the recognition of income, gain or loss to Pfizer or Newco;

 

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U.S. Holders and Non-U.S. Holders of Pfizer common stock will not recognize income, gain or loss upon the receipt of Newco common stock in the Distribution;

 

   

the aggregate tax basis of the Newco common stock (including fractional shares deemed received and exchanged for cash, as described below) distributed to a U.S. Holder or a Non-U.S. Holder of Pfizer common stock in the Distribution will be determined by allocating the aggregate tax basis of such holder in the shares of Pfizer common stock at the time of the Distribution between such Pfizer common stock and the Newco common stock received in proportion to the relative fair market values of such common stock immediately following the Distribution; and

 

   

the holding period (for tax purposes) of any shares of Newco common stock received (including any fractional shares of Newco common stock deemed received and exchanged for cash, as described below) by a U.S. Holder or Non-U.S. Holders of Pfizer common stock will include such holder’s holding period in such Pfizer common stock at the time of the Distribution.

U.S. Holders and Non-U.S. Holders of Pfizer common stock that receive cash in lieu of a fractional share of Newco common stock in the Distribution will generally be treated as having received such fractional share pursuant to the Distribution and then as having sold such fractional share for cash. U.S. Holders generally will recognize capital gain or loss, measured by the difference between the cash received for such fractional share and the U.S. Holder’s tax basis in that fractional share. Any gain or loss recognized by a U.S. Holder generally will be capital gain or loss. Capital gains of non-corporate U.S. Holders (including individuals) will be eligible for the preferential U.S. federal income tax rates applicable to long-term capital gains if the U.S. Holder has held its Pfizer common stock for more than one year as of the closing date of the Combination. The deductibility of capital losses is subject to limitations. Non-U.S. Holders generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on any gain recognized on such deemed sale, unless such gain is effectively connected with the Non-U.S. Holder’s conduct of a trade or business in the United States (and, if an applicable income tax treaty so requires, is attributable to a U.S. permanent establishment or fixed place of business of the Non-U.S. Holder).

U.S. Holders or Non-U.S. Holders that have acquired different blocks of Pfizer common stock at different times or at different prices should consult their tax advisors regarding the allocation of their aggregate tax basis in, and the holding period of, the Newco common stock distributed with respect to such blocks of Pfizer common stock.

Even if the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, qualifies for the U.S. federal income tax treatment described above, Pfizer has incurred and will be expected to incur certain U.S. federal income and non-U.S. tax costs in connection with certain internal restructuring transactions undertaken in connection with the Distribution, and may also recognize income or gain for U.S. federal income tax purposes in connection with certain post-closing payments from Newco that are not addressed by the IRS Ruling.

In general, if the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, were not to qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code and the Distribution were not to qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution would be treated as a taxable dividend to Pfizer stockholders in an amount up to the fair market value of the Newco common stock received at the time of the Distribution. In addition, if the Distribution were not to qualify as a tax-free transaction under Sections 368(a)(1)(D) and 355 of the Internal Revenue Code, Pfizer would recognize a material amount of taxable gain for U.S. federal income tax purposes on the Distribution and/or certain related transactions, which could result in a material additional U.S. federal and state income tax liability to Pfizer.

Even if the Distribution were otherwise to qualify as a tax-free transaction under Sections 368(a)(1)(D) and 355 of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution would be taxable to Pfizer (but not to Pfizer’s stockholders) pursuant to Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code if there were a 50% or greater change in ownership of either Pfizer or Newco, directly or indirectly, as part of a plan or series of related transactions that included the

 

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Distribution. For this purpose, any acquisitions of Pfizer or Newco common stock within the period beginning two years before the Distribution and ending two years after the Distribution are presumed to be part of such a plan, although Pfizer may be able to rebut that presumption. For purposes of this test, the Combination will be treated as part of a plan, but the Combination standing alone will not cause the Distribution to be taxable to Pfizer under Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code because holders immediately before the Distribution of Pfizer common stock will directly own more than 50% of the Newco common stock following the Combination. Nevertheless, if the IRS were to determine that other acquisitions of Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock, either before or after the Distribution, were part of a plan or series of related transactions that included the Distribution, such determination could result in the recognition of a material amount of taxable gain for U.S. federal income tax purposes by Pfizer under Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code. In connection with the IRS Ruling and Tax Opinion, Pfizer, Newco and Mylan (to its knowledge) have represented (or will represent at or prior to the closing of the Combination) that the Distribution is not part of any such plan or series of related transactions other than the Combination.

In general, under the Tax Matters Agreement, Newco is required to indemnify Pfizer against any tax consequences arising as a result of certain prohibited actions by Newco or Mylan or their respective subsidiaries. See “Additional Transaction Agreements—Tax Matters Agreement.” If the Distribution were to be a taxable transaction to Pfizer, the liability for payment of such tax by Pfizer, or by Newco under the Tax Matters Agreement, could have a material adverse effect on Pfizer or Newco, as the case may be.

Treasury Department regulations generally require any Pfizer stockholder that owns at least five percent of the total outstanding stock of Pfizer (by vote or value) to attach to its U.S. federal income tax return for the year in which the Distribution occurs a detailed statement setting forth certain information relating to the tax-free nature of the Distribution. Pfizer and/or Newco will provide the appropriate information to each holder upon request, and each such holder is required to retain permanent records of this information.

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences to Non-U.S. Holders of Holding and Disposing of Newco Common Stock

Dividends

To the extent that Newco makes a distribution of cash or other property (other than certain pro rata distributions of Newco’s stock) in respect of its common stock, the distribution generally will be treated as a dividend for U.S. federal income tax purposes to the extent it is paid out of Newco’s current or accumulated earnings and profits (as determined under U.S. federal income tax principles). Any portion of a distribution that exceeds Newco’s current and accumulated earnings and profits generally will be treated first as a tax-free return of capital that reduces the adjusted tax basis of a Non-U.S. Holder’s common stock, and to the extent the amount of the distribution exceeds a Non-U.S. Holder’s adjusted tax basis in its Newco common stock, the excess will be treated as gain from the disposition of Newco common stock (the tax treatment of which is discussed below under “—Gain on Disposition of Common Stock”).

Dividends paid to a Non-U.S. Holder generally will be subject to U.S. federal withholding tax at a 30% rate, or a reduced rate specified by an applicable income tax treaty, subject to the discussion of FATCA withholding below. To obtain a reduced rate of withholding under an applicable income tax treaty, a Non-U.S. Holder generally will be required to provide a properly executed IRS Form W-8BEN or IRS Form W-8BEN-E, as applicable, certifying its entitlement to benefits under the income tax treaty.

Dividends paid to a Non-U.S. Holder that are effectively connected with the Non-U.S. Holder’s conduct of a trade or business within the United States (and, if required by an applicable income tax treaty, are attributable to a permanent establishment or fixed base maintained by the Non-U.S. Holder in the United States) will not be subject to U.S. federal withholding tax if the Non-U.S. Holder provides a properly executed IRS Form W-8ECI. Instead, the effectively connected dividend income will generally be subject to regular U.S. income tax as if the

 

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Non-U.S. Holder were a U.S. person as defined under the Internal Revenue Code. A Non-U.S. Holder that is a treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes receiving effectively connected dividend income may also be subject to an additional “branch profits tax” imposed at a rate of 30% (or a lower income tax treaty rate) on its effectively connected earnings and profits (subject to certain adjustments).

A Non-U.S. Holder eligible for a reduced rate of U.S. federal withholding tax pursuant to an income tax treaty may obtain a refund of any excess amounts withheld by timely filing an appropriate claim for refund with the IRS.

Gain on Disposition of Common Stock

Subject to the discussions of backup withholding and FATCA withholding below, a Non-U.S. Holder generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on gain realized on a sale or other disposition of common stock unless:

 

   

the gain is effectively connected with a trade or business of the Non-U.S. Holder in the United States (and, if required by an applicable tax treaty, the gain is attributable to a permanent establishment or fixed base maintained by the Non-U.S. Holder in the United States), in which case the gain will be subject to U.S. federal income tax generally in the same manner as effectively connected dividend income as described above;

 

   

the Non-U.S. Holder is an individual present in the United States for 183 days or more in the taxable year of disposition and certain other conditions are met, in which case the gain (net of certain U.S.-source losses) generally will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at a rate of 30% (or a lower income tax treaty rate); or

 

   

Newco is or has been a “United States real property holding corporation” (as described below), at any time within the five-year period preceding the disposition or the Non-U.S. Holder’s holding period, whichever period is shorter, and either (a) Newco common stock is not regularly traded on an established securities market before the beginning of the calendar year in which the sale or disposition occurs, or (b) the Non-U.S. Holder has owned or is deemed to have owned, at any time within the five-year period preceding the disposition or the Non-U.S. Holder’s holding period, whichever period is shorter, more than 5% of the Newco common stock.

Newco would be a United States real property holding corporation if at any time the fair market value of Newco’s “United States real property interests,” as defined in the Internal Revenue Code and applicable Treasury Department regulations, equals or exceeds 50% of the aggregate fair market value of Newco’s worldwide real property interests and Newco’s other assets used or held for use in a trade or business (all as determined for the U.S. federal income tax purposes). We believe that, at the time of the transactions, Newco will not be a United States real property holding corporation, and we do not anticipate that Newco will become a United States real property holding corporation in the foreseeable future.

Information Reporting and Backup Withholding

Distributions paid to a Non-U.S. Holder and the amount of any tax withheld with respect to such distributions generally will be reported to the IRS. Copies of the information returns reporting such distributions and any withholding may also be made available to the tax authorities in the country in which the Non-U.S. Holder resides under the provisions of an applicable income tax treaty.

A Non-U.S. Holder will not be subject to backup withholding on dividends received if such holder certifies under penalty of perjury that it is a Non-U.S. Holder (and the payor does not have actual knowledge or reason to know that such holder is a U.S. person as defined under the Internal Revenue Code), or such holder otherwise establishes an exemption. Information reporting and, depending on the circumstances, backup withholdings will

 

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apply to the proceeds of a sale or other disposition of Newco common stock made within the United States or conducted through certain U.S.-related financial intermediaries, unless the Non-U.S. Holder complies with certification procedures to establish that it is not a U.S. person to avoid additional information reporting and backup withholding. The certification procedures required to claim a reduced rate of withholding under a treaty will generally satisfy the certification requirements necessary to avoid backup withholding as well.

Backup withholding is not an additional tax and the amount of any backup withholding from a payment to a Non-U.S. Holder will be allowed as a credit against the Non-U.S. Holder’s U.S. federal income tax liability and may entitle the Non-U.S. Holder to a refund, provided that the required information is furnished to the IRS in a timely manner.

FATCA Withholding

Under Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Internal Revenue Code (such Sections commonly referred to as the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, or “FATCA”), payments of dividends on and, subject to the discussion of certain proposed Treasury Department regulations below, the gross proceeds of dispositions of common stock of a U.S. issuer paid to (a) a “foreign financial institution” (as specifically defined in the Internal Revenue Code), or (b) a “non-financial foreign entity” (as specifically defined in the Internal Revenue Code) will be subject to a withholding tax (separate and apart from, but without duplication of, the withholding tax described above) at a rate of 30%, unless various U.S. information reporting and due diligence requirements (generally relating to ownership by U.S. persons of interests in or accounts with those entities) have been satisfied or an exemption from these rules applies. An intergovernmental agreement between the United States and an applicable foreign country may modify these requirements. If a dividend payment is both subject to withholding under FATCA and subject to the withholding tax discussed above under “—Dividends,” the withholding under FATCA may be credited against, and therefore reduce, such other withholding tax. The Treasury Department recently released proposed regulations which, if finalized in their present form, would eliminate the federal withholding tax of 30% applicable to the gross proceeds of a sale or other disposition of Newco common stock. In the preamble to the proposed regulations, the Treasury Department stated that taxpayers may generally rely on the proposed regulations until final regulations are issued. Non-U.S. Holders should consult their tax advisors regarding the possible implications of this withholding tax on their investment in Newco common stock.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF FINANCING

Overview

On July 29, 2019, in connection with the Separation and Distribution Agreement and the Business Combination Agreement, Newco entered into a commitment letter (as it may be amended from time to time, the “Newco Commitment Letter”), under which Goldman Sachs Bank USA and certain other financial institutions (collectively, the “Commitment Parties”) committed to provide to Newco up to $12 billion under a 364-day senior unsecured bridge facility, the availability of which will be subject to reduction upon the consummation of the Permanent Financing (as defined below) pursuant to the terms set forth in the Newco Commitment Letter (the “Bridge Facility”).

Newco and Mylan expect the Cash Distribution from Newco to Pfizer to be funded through the issuance to Newco of senior unsecured notes (the “Permanent Securities”) and/or the borrowing to Newco of senior unsecured loans (the “Permanent Loans”, and together with the Permanent Securities, the “Permanent Financing”) of an aggregate principal amount of up to $12 billion. If the Permanent Financing is unavailable on or prior to the date of the Cash Distribution, the Bridge Facility will be made available to Newco pursuant to the Newco Commitment Letter.

Permanent Financing

Newco and Mylan expect that, on or prior to the date of the Cash Distribution, Newco will issue Permanent Securities and/or borrow Permanent Loans to finance the Cash Distribution in lieu of the Bridge Facility. Newco and Mylan anticipate that the instruments and/or definitive loan documentation governing the Permanent Financing will contain customary covenants for companies of comparable creditworthiness and would carry an interest rate based on then current market conditions. The terms of the Permanent Financing are not committed, and the exact terms and interest rate of the Permanent Financing will be subject to market conditions. There can be no assurance regarding if or when the Permanent Financing will be consummated or the terms of the Permanent Financing.

Bridge Facility

Pursuant to the Newco Commitment Letter, the Commitment Parties have agreed to provide Newco with a 364-day senior unsecured bridge loan facility of up to $12 billion. The proceeds of the Bridge Facility will be available in a single draw to be used to pay (a) all or any portion of the Cash Distribution in the event Newco is unable to obtain the Permanent Financing in the full amount described above and (b) related transaction fees and expenses. The obligation of the Commitment Parties to provide the Bridge Facility is subject to customary conditions, including, among others, (i) the accuracy of certain representations and warranties, (ii) the absence of a material adverse effect on Newco and (iii) the consummation of the transactions contemporaneously with the funding of the Bridge Facility or one business day thereafter.    

The terms of the Bridge Facility will be set forth in definitive loan documentation consistent with the terms set forth in the Newco Commitment Letter and specified documentation standards. Interest under the Bridge Facility will initially equal a LIBOR-based rate plus an applicable margin (based on the combined company’s non-credit-enhanced, senior unsecured long-term debt credit rating) that increases over time up to a specified maximum amount if the bridge loans are not earlier repaid. The Bridge Facility will be subject to affirmative and negative covenants and events of default consistent with the specified documentation standards, including a maximum consolidated leverage ratio financial covenant initially requiring maintenance of a maximum ratio of 4.25 to 1.00 for consolidated total indebtedness as of the end of any quarter to consolidated EBITDA for the trailing four quarters. The Bridge Facility will be guaranteed by Mylan and each subsidiary of Mylan that guarantees Mylan’s existing debt securities and credit facilities with a principal amount of at least $500 million. The obligations under the Bridge Facility will be unsecured.

 

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BUSINESS COMBINATION AGREEMENT

The following is a summary of the material provisions of the Business Combination Agreement. The summary is qualified in its entirety by the Business Combination Agreement, which is included as an exhibit to the registration statements of which this document forms a part and is incorporated herein by reference. See the section entitled “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”

We urge you to read the Business Combination Agreement carefully and in its entirety, as it is the legal document governing the Combination. This summary of the Business Combination Agreement has been included to provide information regarding its terms. The rights and obligations of the parties are governed by the express terms of the Business Combination Agreement and not by this summary or any other information included in this document. This summary is not intended to provide any other factual information about Pfizer, Newco, Acquisition Sub, Mylan, Mylan Newco or Mylan Newco Sub. Information about Pfizer, Newco, Acquisition Sub, Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub can be found elsewhere in this document and in the documents incorporated by reference into this document.

The Business Combination Agreement contains representations and warranties of Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub that are solely for the benefit of Pfizer and Newco and representations and warranties of Pfizer relating to itself and Newco that are solely for the benefit of Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub. The representations and warranties in the Business Combination Agreement were made solely for the benefit of the parties to the Business Combination Agreement, are qualified in their entirety by confidential disclosure schedules and were used for the purpose of allocating risk among the respective parties. This summary and the Business Combination Agreement are included with this document only to provide investors with information regarding the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, and not to provide investors with any other factual information with respect to Pfizer, Newco, Acquisition Sub, Mylan, Mylan Newco, Mylan Newco Sub or their respective subsidiaries or businesses. Investors should not rely on the representations and warranties or any descriptions thereof as characterizations of the actual state of facts or condition of Pfizer, Newco, Acquisition Sub, Mylan, Mylan Newco, Mylan Newco Sub or their respective subsidiaries or businesses. Moreover, information concerning the subject matter of the representations and warranties may have changed after the date of the Business Combination Agreement, which subsequent information may or may not be fully reflected in information about Pfizer, Newco, Acquisition Sub, Mylan, Mylan Newco, Mylan Newco Sub or their respective subsidiaries or businesses made in this document or other public disclosures.

The Combination

Under the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, immediately following the Distribution, and unless the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, Newco and Mylan will combine through the following series of transactions (subject to the terms and conditions of the Business Combination Agreement):

 

   

First, Mylan will engage in a legal triangular merger under Dutch law, in which Mylan will merge with and into Mylan Newco Sub, with Mylan Newco Sub surviving the Mylan Merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan Newco. In the Mylan Merger, each outstanding Mylan ordinary share will be replaced by an ordinary share of Mylan Newco. Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub will effectuate the Mylan Merger before 6:00 p.m. New York City time on the date the Distribution occurs. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will not be listed. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will be in existence only until the dissolution and liquidation of Mylan Newco has been completed as described below. After the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution has been made, we do not expect there to be any further distributions in respect of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares, nor do we expect any Mylan Newco shareholder meeting to be held at which Mylan Newco shareholders could exercise voting rights.

 

   

Second, pursuant to a sale and purchase agreement to be entered into immediately following the Mylan Merger Effective Time, Mylan Newco will sell and transfer to Acquisition Sub, an indirect, wholly

 

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owned subsidiary of Newco, or its designated nominee all of the outstanding shares of Mylan Newco Sub, in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares issued and outstanding as of immediately after the Mylan Merger Effective Time.

 

   

Third, as soon as practicable following the Share Sale Effective Time, Mylan Newco will be dissolved and subsequently liquidated in accordance with Sections 2:19 and 2:23b of the Dutch Civil Code. In connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation, it is intended that each holder of Mylan Newco ordinary shares will receive, as a liquidation distribution, and upon the distribution of the Mylan Newco Exchangeable Note, a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares held by such shareholder as of such time, reduced by any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch withholding tax.

If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code (generally, six months after the announcement in a Dutch nationally distributed daily newspaper that the merger proposal with respect to the Mylan Merger has been deposited with the Dutch trade registry and disclosed for public inspection), then, unless otherwise mutually determined by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, the Combination shall consist of the following series of transactions (subject to the terms and conditions of the Business Combination Agreement):

 

   

First, following the Distribution, Mylan will sell, transfer, assign and deliver to Acquisition Sub, an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Newco, all of the right, title and interest of Mylan in, to and under all of its assets and liabilities in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares issued and outstanding as of the effective time of the Asset Sale.

 

   

Second, as soon as practicable following the Asset Sale Effective Time, Mylan will be dissolved and subsequently liquidated in accordance with Sections 2:19 and 2:23b of the Dutch Civil Code. In connection with the Mylan Liquidation, it is intended that each holder of Mylan ordinary shares will receive, as a liquidation distribution, and upon distribution of the Mylan Exchangeable Note, a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares held by such shareholder as of such time, reduced by any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax.

Each step of the Combination is intended to be completed substantially concurrently, in the order indicated.

Effective Time; Closing

Under the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, the closing of the Combination, other than any aspect of the Mylan Newco Liquidation or the Mylan Liquidation, as applicable, that under law or pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement is to occur at a later time, will take place on the third business day after all conditions precedent to the Combination (other than those, including the completion of the Separation and the Distribution in all material respects, that are to be satisfied at or immediately prior to closing) have been satisfied or, where permissible under applicable law, waived, or such other date and time as Pfizer and Mylan may mutually agree. The date on which the Closing actually occurs is hereinafter referred to as the “closing date.”

On the closing date of the Combination, unless the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub shall effectuate the Mylan Merger before 6:00 p.m., New York City time, to ensure that the Mylan Merger becomes effective at midnight Amsterdam time, being either 6:00 p.m., New York City time, or 7:00 p.m., New York City time, on the closing date (the “Mylan Merger Effective Time”). The Share Sale will be effectuated immediately after the Mylan Merger Effective Time (the “Share Sale Effective Time”) and the Mylan Newco Liquidation will become effective as soon as practicable after the Share Sale Effective Time.

 

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If the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Asset Sale will be deemed effective as of 6:00 p.m. New York City time on the closing date (the “Asset Sale Effective Time”) and the Mylan Liquidation will become effective as soon as practicable after the Asset Sale Effective Time.

Any reference hereinafter to “Effective Time” will mean the Mylan Merger Effective Time, or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Asset Sale Effective Time.

The parties intend to complete the Combination as promptly as practicable, subject to receipt of the Mylan Shareholder Approval and the satisfaction of the other conditions precedent to the Combination. The closing is anticipated to occur in mid-2020. We cannot assure you when, or if, all the conditions precedent to the Combination will be satisfied or, where permissible, waived. See “—Conditions to the Combination.”

The Mylan Merger

Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub will prepare and, not earlier than February 10, 2020, or such earlier date as mutually agreed in writing by Mylan, Pfizer and Newco, file all documents and make all announcements required to effectuate the Mylan Merger. Not earlier than one month (subject to extension of such term pursuant to the Dutch General Act on Terms (Algemene termijnenwet)) after all requisite filings and announcements have been made and not later than the date of the Mylan Shareholders Meeting, Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub will adopt resolutions to enter into and effectuate the Mylan Merger (other than the Mylan Merger Resolution to be adopted at the Mylan Shareholders Meeting).

Immediately after the Distribution, Mylan will merge with and into Mylan Newco Sub in a legal triangular merger (juridische driehoeksfusie), resulting in each holder of outstanding Mylan ordinary shares holding a number of shares in the capital of Mylan Newco equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares held by such holder of Mylan ordinary shares immediately before the completion of the Mylan Merger.

Mylan and its applicable subsidiaries will effectuate the Mylan Merger immediately following the Distribution, and in any event before 6:00 p.m., New York City time, to ensure that the Mylan Merger becomes effective at midnight Amsterdam time (being either 6:00 p.m., New York City time, or 7:00 p.m., New York City time), on the closing date.

Share Sale

Pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, promptly after satisfaction (or, to the extent permissible by law, waiver) of all conditions precedent to the Combination, Newco, Acquisition Sub, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub shall enter into a purchase and sale agreement (the “Sale Agreement”). Pursuant to the Sale Agreement, immediately following the Mylan Merger Effective Time, Mylan Newco will transfer all of the issued and outstanding shares in the capital of Mylan Newco Sub (the surviving entity in the Mylan Merger) to Acquisition Sub in exchange for the Exchangeable Note (described in more detail below). Immediately following the Mylan Merger Effective Time, Acquisition Sub, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub will enter into a notarial deed of transfer of shares pursuant to which all issued and outstanding shares in the capital of Mylan Newco Sub will be transferred by Mylan Newco to Acquisition Sub or its designated nominee at such time and such transfer will be acknowledged by Mylan Newco Sub.

Pre-Liquidation Actions

Deposit and Exchange

Immediately following the execution of the Exchangeable Note, Mylan Newco will deposit the Exchangeable Note with the Exchange Agent (as defined below). Upon receipt by the Exchange Agent of the Exchangeable Note, the Exchangeable Note will automatically and mandatorily be exchanged into a number of

 

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shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares issued and outstanding immediately after the Mylan Merger Effective Time (excluding any Mylan Newco ordinary shares held by Mylan Newco as treasury stock).

Newco Common Stock Sale to Satisfy Dutch Dividend Withholding Tax Obligations (If Any)

As soon as reasonably possible after the Share Sale Effective Time, Pfizer and Mylan Newco will jointly advise the Exchange Agent in writing of the number of shares of Newco common stock to which each shareholder of Mylan Newco is entitled pursuant to the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (prior to giving effect to any applicable withholding tax) (the “Gross Number”) and the amount of any applicable Dutch dividend withholding tax required to be withheld in respect of the delivery of the Gross Number of shares of Newco common stock to each shareholder of Mylan Newco (the “Aggregate Withholding Amount” and the amount of Dutch dividend withholding tax to be withheld per Mylan Newco shareholder the “Individual Withholding Amount”). If any Dutch dividend withholding tax is required to be withheld in respect of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, as soon as reasonably possible after the Share Sale Effective Time, Mylan Newco will cause the Exchange Agent to sell, for the benefit of the Mylan Newco shareholders, such number of shares of Newco common stock to which the Mylan Newco shareholders would otherwise be entitled to receive as is necessary to obtain net cash proceeds as close as possible to, but no less than, the Aggregate Withholding Amount to satisfy the Dutch dividend withholding tax due in connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, if any (the “Newco Common Stock Sale”). Dutch dividend withholding tax will be due at a rate of 15% to the extent the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution exceeds the recognized paid-up capital for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares. If the cash proceeds obtained by the Exchange Agent in the Newco Common Stock Sale exceed the required Dutch dividend withholding tax by more than a de minimis amount, such surplus cash proceeds shall be paid to the Mylan Newco shareholders on a pro rata basis consistent with the procedures for payment of cash in lieu of fractional shares. Acquisition Sub will be entitled to any such surplus if the amount is de minimis.

Confirmation with Respect to Dutch Dividend Withholding Tax Obligations

Mylan has agreed that, as soon as reasonably practicable, it will (and will cause Mylan Newco to) prepare and file with the Dutch tax authorities (the “DTA”) a request (the “Request”) to obtain the DTA’s confirmation in form and substance reasonably acceptable to Newco of: (a) the amount of recognized paid up capital for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of Mylan and Mylan Newco (the “Calculation”); and (b) the amount of Dutch dividend withholding tax due in respect of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (the “Withholding Tax Confirmation”). On September 5, 2019, following consultation with Pfizer and Newco, Mylan filed the Request with the DTA.

On January 13, 2020 Mylan received a formal confirmation from the Dutch tax authorities on the amount of recognized paid up capital for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of Mylan as of June 30, 2019. The Dutch tax authorities confirmed the Calculation and confirmed that the recognized paid up capital for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of Mylan as of June 30, 2019 amounts to approximately EUR 26 billion. The Dutch tax authorities informed Mylan that they neither approve nor disapprove of Mylan’s method to calculate the amount of the paid up capital of Mylan Newco recognized for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes and Mylan’s method to calculate the amount of Dutch dividend withholding tax due in respect of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, because such authorities are only required by law to confirm the Calculation. As a result, Mylan did not receive the requested Withholding Tax Confirmation.

Consistent with the Business Combination Agreement, Mylan and Mylan Newco shall calculate the amount of the paid up capital recognized for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of Mylan Newco and calculate the amount of Dutch dividend withholding tax due in connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution as set out in the Request. As a result, and and assuming (i) the trading price of the Mylan ordinary shares at the time of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution will not be significantly higher than the current trading price of the Mylan ordinary shares, (ii) the value of the EUR to the USD at the time of the Mylan Newco Liquidation

 

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Distribution will not be significantly lower than the current value of the EUR to the USD, (iii) no material negative changes will occur in the amount of paid up capital recognized for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of Mylan between June 30, 2019 and the time of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, and (iv) the Mylan Merger, the Share Sale, the Mylan Newco Liquidation and the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (including the distribution of Newco common stock to Mylan Newco shareholders in connection with the automatic and mandatory exchange of the Exchangeable Note) will be effectuated as contemplated in the Business Combination Agreement, the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution shall be made free of withholding or deduction of Dutch dividend withholding tax.

Fractional Shares

No fractional shares of Newco common stock will be issued to Mylan Newco shareholders in the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution. The Exchange Agent will aggregate all fractional shares of Newco common stock that the Mylan Newco shareholders would otherwise be entitled to receive and sell them at the then-prevailing prices in transactions for the benefit of such shareholders. Each Mylan Newco shareholder that otherwise would be entitled to a fractional share of Newco common stock (after aggregating all shares of Mylan Newco of which such shareholder is a record holder) will be paid an amount in cash, rounded down to the nearest whole cent, based on the average price per share received by the Exchange Agent in such sale, after deducting any applicable taxes and the costs and expenses of such sale and distribution. Newco will be entitled to receive any remaining proceeds of the sale of fractional shares after payment of such proceeds to the Mylan Newco shareholders, and any applicable withholding tax.

Mylan Newco Liquidation

As soon as practicable after the Share Sale Effective Time, Mylan Newco will be dissolved (ontbonden) and subsequently liquidated (vereffend) in accordance with Section 2:19 and 2:23b of the Dutch Civil Code, with Stichting Liquidator Mylan acting as Mylan Newco’s liquidator (the “Liquidator”). In connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation, it is intended that the Liquidator will effectuate the distribution of the Exchangeable Note (which, upon such distribution being effectuated by deposit of the Exchangeable Note with the Exchange Agent, will automatically and mandatorily be exchanged for shares of Newco common stock) and all other assets then held by Mylan Newco (if any) by means of a liquidation distribution to the shareholders of Mylan Newco. The Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution is intended to be an advance liquidation distribution (uitkering bij voorbaat) in one installment and will be effectuated as soon as practicable following the Share Sale Effective Time, but in any event on the closing date (New York City time).

As a result of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, each shareholder of Mylan Newco will receive a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares held by such shareholder as of such time, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax required to be withheld from the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (see “—Confirmation with Respect to Dutch Dividend Withholding Tax Obligations” and “—Newco Common Stock Sale to Satisfy Dutch Dividend Withholding Tax Obligations (If Any)” above).

In connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, the Exchange Agent will pay to the relevant DTA the net cash proceeds from the Newco Common Stock Sale in satisfaction of Mylan Newco’s obligation to remit Dutch dividend withholding tax, if any, in respect of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution.

Although it is intended that the Liquidator will make one single advance liquidation payment to each Mylan Newco shareholder, the Liquidator may delay part of the payment as a result of unforeseen circumstances. No compensation will be paid to Mylan Newco shareholders for any administrative costs charged by banks in relation to the transfer of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution to their bank account or otherwise.

Each Mylan Newco shareholder that receives shares of Newco common stock pursuant to the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, and cash in lieu of fractional shares (subject to applicable withholding taxes, including

 

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the Dutch dividend withholding tax), will have no further right to receive cash, shares of Newco common stock or any other consideration in respect of the Exchangeable Note.

Once the Mylan Newco Liquidation is completed, Mylan Newco will cease to exist by operation of law.

Alternative Transaction Structure