10-12G

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 25, 2019.

File No.            

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10

 

 

GENERAL FORM FOR REGISTRATION OF SECURITIES

Pursuant to Section 12(b) or (g)

of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

UPJOHN INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   83-4364296

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. employer

identification number)

235 East 42nd Street

New York, NY 10017

  10017
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip code)

(212) 733-2323

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

Securities to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Title of Each Class to be Registered

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer      Smaller reporting company  
     Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

 

 

 


INFORMATION REQUIRED IN REGISTRATION STATEMENT

CROSS-REFERENCE SHEET BETWEEN INFORMATION STATEMENT AND ITEMS OF FORM 10

This Registration Statement on Form 10 (the “Form 10”) incorporates by reference information contained in (a) the information statement of Upjohn Inc. filed herewith as Exhibit 99.1, referred to herein as the information statement, (b) the Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A of Pfizer Inc. to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.2, referred to herein as the Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Statement (c) the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Mylan N.V. to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.3, referred to herein as the Original Form 10-K, (d) the Amendment No. 1 to the Form 10-K to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.4, referred to herein as the Form 10-K/A, and the Original Form 10-K as amended by the Form 10-K/A, is referred to herein as the Form 10-K, (e) the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Mylan N.V. to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.5, referred to herein as the Form 10-Q and (f) the Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A of Mylan N.V. to the extent incorporated by reference as Exhibit 99.6, referred to herein as the Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement. None of the information contained in the information statement, Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Statement, Form 10-K, Form 10-Q or Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement is incorporated by reference herein or shall be deemed to be a part hereof except to the extent such information is specifically incorporated by reference.

 

Item 1.

Business.

The information required by this item is contained under the sections “Summary—The Companies,” “Risk Factors,” “Information about the Upjohn Business” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Upjohn Business” of the information statement and Part I–Item 1 of the Form 10-K. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Risk Factors” of the information statement, Part I–Item 1A of the Form 10-K and Part II–Item 1A of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 2.

Financial Information.

The information required by this item is contained under the sections “Summary Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Selected Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Summary Historical Condensed Consolidated Financial Information of Mylan,” “Summary Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Upjohn Business,” “Selected Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business” and “Description of Financing” of the information statement, Part II–Item 7 and Part II–Item 7A of the Form 10-K and Part I–Item 2 of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 3.

Properties.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Information about the Upjohn Business” of the information statement and Part I–Item 1 and Part I–Item 2 of the Form 10-K. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 4.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management.

Not applicable.

 

Item 5.

Directors and Executive Officers.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “The Transactions—Board of Directors and Executive Officers of Newco Following the Combination; Operations Following the Combination” of the

 

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information statement, Part III–Item 10 of the Form 10-K/A and the sections “Executive Officers,” “Governance—Our Directors” and “Governance—Board Information” of the Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 6.

Executive Compensation.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “The Transactions—Director and Executive Compensation” of the information statement, the section “Executive Compensation” in the Pfizer Annual Meeting Proxy Statement, Part III–Item 11 of the Form 10-K/A and the sections “Executive Compensation” and “Governance—Non-Employee Director Compensation for 2018” of the Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 7.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions” of the information statement, Part III–Item 13 of the Form 10-K/A and the section “Governance—Certain Relationships and Related Transactions” of the Mylan Annual Meeting Proxy Statement. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 8.

Legal Proceedings.

The information required by this item is contained under the sections “Risk Factors” and “Information about the Upjohn Business—Legal Proceedings” of the information statement, Part I–Item 3 of the Form 10-K and Part II–Item 1 of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 9.

Market Price of, and Dividends on, the Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters.

The information required by this item is contained under the sections “Risk Factors,” “Summary Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Selected Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business,” “Summary Historical Condensed Consolidated Financial Information of Mylan,” “Summary Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information” and “Historical Market Price and Dividend Information of Mylan Ordinary Shares” of the information statement and Part II–Item 5 of the Form 10-K. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 10.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities.

On February 14, 2019, Upjohn Inc. (“Upjohn”) issued 100 shares of its common stock to Pfizer Inc. pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Upjohn did not register the issuance of the issued shares under the Securities Act because such issuance did not constitute a public offering.

 

Item 11.

Description of Registrant’s Securities to be Registered.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Description of Newco Capital Stock” of the information statement. That section is incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 12.

Indemnification of Directors and Officers.

The information required by this item is contained under the section “Description of Newco Capital Stock—Limitations on Liability and Indemnification of Officers and Directors after the Combination” of the information statement. That section is incorporated herein by reference.

 

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Item 13.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

The information required by this item is contained under the heading “Index—Financial Statements” (and the statements referenced thereon) beginning on page F–1 of the information statement, Part II–Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Part I–Item 1 of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 14.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

None.

 

Item 15.

Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(a) Financial Statements and Schedule

The information required by this item is contained under the heading “Index—Financial Statements” (and the statements referenced thereon) beginning on page F–1 of the information statement, Part II–Item 8 of the Form 10-K and Part I–Item 1 of the Form 10-Q. Those sections are incorporated herein by reference.

(b) Exhibits

The following documents are filed herewith unless otherwise indicated:

 

Exhibit
Number

  

Description

  2.1    Business Combination Agreement, dated as of July  29, 2019, by and among Pfizer Inc., Upjohn Inc., Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., Mylan N.V., Mylan I B.V. and Mylan II B.V. (included as Annex A to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
  2.2    Separation and Distribution Agreement, dated as of July  29, 2019, by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc. (included as Annex B to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
  2.3*    Form of Transition Services Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.4*    Form of Tax Matters Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.5*    Form of Employee Matters Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.6*    Form of Manufacturing and Supply Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.7*    Form of Intellectual Property Matters Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  2.8*    Form of Trademark License Agreement by and between Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc.
  3.1    Form of Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Upjohn Inc. (included as Annex C to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
  3.2    Form of Amended and Restated Bylaws of Upjohn Inc. (included as Annex D to the information statement which is a part of this Registration Statement).
21.1*    Subsidiaries of Upjohn Inc.
99.1    Information Statement of Upjohn Inc., preliminary and subject to completion, dated October 25, 2019.
99.2    Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule  14A of Pfizer Inc. for the 2019 Annual Meeting of Shareholders. (Incorporated by reference to Schedule 14A of Pfizer Inc., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 14, 2019).
99.3    Annual Report on Form 10-K of Mylan N.V. for the fiscal year ended December  31, 2018, not including exhibits thereto. (Incorporated by reference to Annual Report on Form 10-K of Mylan N.V., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 27, 2019).

 

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Exhibit
Number

  

Description

99.4    Amendment No.  1 to Annual Report on Form 10-K of Mylan N.V. for the fiscal year ended December  31, 2018, not including exhibits thereto (incorporated by reference to Annual Report on Form 10-K/A of Mylan N.V., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 30, 2019).
99.5    Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Mylan N.V. for the quarterly period ended June  30, 2019, not including exhibits thereto (incorporated by reference to Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Mylan N.V., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 29, 2019).
99.6    Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A of Mylan N.V. for the 2019 annual general meeting of shareholders (incorporated by reference to Schedule 14A of Mylan N.V., filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 24, 2019).

 

*

To be filed by amendment.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

UPJOHN INC.
By:  

/s/ Michael Goettler

 

Name:  Michael Goettler

Title:    President

Date: October 25, 2019

EX-99.1
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Exhibit 99.1

LOGO   LOGO

[DATE]

Dear Pfizer Stockholders:

On July 29, 2019, Pfizer Inc., Upjohn Inc. (“Newco”) and Mylan N.V. entered into a series of agreements that provide for Pfizer’s global, primarily off-patent branded and generic established medicines business (the “Upjohn Business”) and Mylan to engage in a strategic business combination transaction. Before the closing of such business combination transaction, Pfizer will distribute, on a pro rata basis (based on the number of shares held by holders of Pfizer common stock as of the record date), all of the Newco common stock, par value $0.01 per share, held by Pfizer (the “Distribution”). Immediately after the Distribution, the Upjohn Business will combine with Mylan in a series of transactions in which Mylan shareholders will receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share, subject to any applicable withholding taxes (the “Combination”). It is currently expected that the parent entity of the combined Upjohn Business and Mylan business will be renamed, effective as of the closing of the Combination.

When the Distribution and Combination are completed, Pfizer stockholders, as of the record date of the Distribution, will own 57% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, and Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will own 43% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, in each case on a fully diluted basis.

As a Pfizer stockholder, you are receiving this document as an information statement from Newco to inform you of the proposed transactions. The board of directors of Pfizer has unanimously approved the proposed transactions, including the Distribution and the Combination. No vote of Pfizer stockholders is required for the Distribution or the Combination. Pfizer, as sole stockholder of Newco before the Distribution, has approved of the issuance of Newco common stock in the Combination. Therefore, Pfizer stockholders are not being asked for a proxy, and are requested not to send Pfizer a proxy, in connection with the Distribution or the Combination. Pfizer stockholders do not need to pay any consideration, exchange or surrender their existing Pfizer common stock or take any other action to receive Newco common stock in the Distribution, other than to hold Pfizer common stock as of the record date of the Distribution.

If the number of shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding on the record date for the Distribution equals the number of shares outstanding as of                     , 2020, and if the number of Mylan ordinary shares outstanding on a fully-diluted, as-converted and as-exercised basis, outstanding as of the close of business on the NASDAQ Stock Market (the “NASDAQ”) trading day immediately before the closing date of the Combination equals the number of shares outstanding on such basis as of that same date, a Pfizer stockholder will receive                  shares of Newco common stock for every one share of Pfizer common stock held by such Pfizer stockholder on the record date for the Distribution (representing in the aggregate 57% of the fully diluted shares of Newco common stock outstanding immediately following the Combination).

The actual number of shares of Newco common stock that a Pfizer stockholder will receive with respect to each share of Pfizer common stock will be determined based on the aggregate number of shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding on the record date for the Distribution and the number of Mylan ordinary shares, on a fully diluted, as-converted and as-exercised basis, outstanding as of the close of business on the NASDAQ trading day immediately before the closing date of the Combination.

We expect that Newco will apply to have its common stock listed on either the NASDAQ or New York Stock Exchange under a ticker symbol to be determined. There is currently no trading market for Newco common stock. However, we expect that a limited market, commonly known as a “when-issued” trading market, for Newco common stock will develop on or shortly before the record date for the Distribution, and we expect “regular way” trading of Newco common stock will begin the first trading day after the completion of the Distribution.

This document explains the proposed transactions, and provides specific information about Mylan, Newco and their respective businesses. Please review this document carefully, particularly the matters discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page 36 of this document.

We look forward to completing the proposed transactions and the exciting opportunities they present to Pfizer stockholders.

Sincerely,

LOGO

Albert Bourla

Chief Executive Officer]

Pfizer Inc.


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EXPLANATORY NOTE

On July 29, 2019, Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc. (“Newco”) entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, and, on the same day, Pfizer, Newco, Mylan N.V. and certain of their affiliates entered into a Business Combination Agreement. These agreements provide for Pfizer to combine its global, primarily off-patent branded and generic established medicines business (the “Upjohn Business”) with Mylan in a Reverse Morris Trust transaction. The principal transactions to effect the Reverse Morris Trust transaction include the following:

 

   

Separation. Pfizer will contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from the remainder of Pfizer’s businesses (the “Separation”).

 

   

Distribution. Following the Separation, Pfizer will distribute to its stockholders all of the issued and outstanding shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer by way of either, at Pfizer’s option, a spin-off or a split-off (the “Distribution”). In a spin-off, Pfizer will effect the Distribution by distributing on a pro rata basis all of the shares of Newco common stock then held by Pfizer to Pfizer stockholders entitled to shares of Newco common stock in the Distribution as of the record date of the Distribution. In a split-off, Pfizer would offer its stockholders the option to exchange all or a portion of their shares of Pfizer common stock for shares of Newco common stock in an exchange offer, resulting in a reduction in shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding. If the exchange offer is undertaken and consummated, the remaining shares of Newco common stock then held by Pfizer, if any, would be distributed on a pro rata basis to Pfizer stockholders whose shares of Pfizer common stock remain outstanding after the consummation of the exchange offer.

This document assumes that the Distribution will occur through a spin-off. If a split-off is ultimately selected by Pfizer, Newco will file a registration statement on Form S-4 for the split-off, and Pfizer will file a Schedule TO for the split-off.

 

   

Combination. Immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will engage in a strategic business combination transaction in which Mylan shareholders will receive shares of Newco common stock (the “Combination”). The Combination shall occur through the following steps:

 

   

First, Mylan will engage in a legal triangular merger under Dutch law (the “Mylan Merger”), in which Mylan will merge with and into Mylan II B.V. (“Mylan Newco Sub”), with Mylan Newco Sub surviving as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan I B.V. (“Mylan Newco”). In the Mylan Merger, each Mylan ordinary share would be replaced by one Mylan Newco ordinary share. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will not be listed. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will be in existence only until the dissolution and liquidation of Mylan Newco has been completed as described below. After the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (as defined below) has been made, we do not expect there to be any further distributions in respect of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares, nor do we expect any Mylan Newco shareholder meeting to be held at which Mylan Newco shareholders could exercise voting rights.

 

   

Second, Mylan Newco will sell and transfer to Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., which is an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Newco (“Acquisition Sub”), all of the outstanding shares of Mylan Newco Sub in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock (the “Exchangeable Note”) (such sale and transfer, the “Share Sale”).

 

   

Third, Mylan Newco will be dissolved and liquidated in accordance with Dutch law and each holder of Mylan Newco ordinary shares (i.e., former holders of Mylan ordinary shares) will, upon distribution of the Exchangeable Note, receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan Newco ordinary share held by such holder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (the “Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution”) (such liquidation, the “Mylan Newco Liquidation”).

If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code (which is, generally, six months after the announcement in a Dutch nationally distributed daily newspaper


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that the merger proposal with respect to the Mylan Merger has been deposited with the Dutch Trade registry or disclosed for public inspection), then, unless otherwise mutually determined by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, the Combination will occur through the following steps, which do not involve the Mylan Merger:

 

   

First, Mylan will sell and transfer to Acquisition Sub all of Mylan’s assets and liabilities, in exchange for the Exchangeable Note (the “Asset Sale”).

 

   

Second, Mylan will be dissolved and liquidated in accordance with Dutch law and each holder of Mylan ordinary shares will receive, upon the distribution of the Exchangeable Note, one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (the “Mylan Liquidation Distribution”) (such liquidation, the “Mylan Liquidation”).

Newco is filing this registration statement on Form 10 (File No. 000-                ) to register the shares of Newco common stock under Section 12(g) of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). This Form 10 contains a preliminary information statement to be used in connection with the Distribution of Newco common stock to the Pfizer stockholders.

Newco is filing a separate registration statement on Form S-4 (Reg. No. 333-                ) to register the shares of Newco common stock under the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), that will be issued and distributed in the Mylan Newco Liquidation or Mylan Liquidation.

This document currently assumes that the Distribution will occur through a pro rata spin-off to the Pfizer stockholders. However, based on market conditions before the closing of the Combination as well as corporate finance and timing considerations, Pfizer will determine whether the Distribution will occur through a spin-off or a split-off. If a spin-off is selected by Pfizer, all Pfizer stockholders will receive from Pfizer, on a pro rata basis, a number of shares of Newco common stock so that Pfizer stockholders will hold 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination. If a split-off is selected by Pfizer, Pfizer will offer its stockholders the option to exchange shares of Pfizer common stock for shares of Newco common stock in an exchange offer, resulting in a reduction in Pfizer’s outstanding shares. If the exchange offer is undertaken and consummated, the remaining shares of Newco common stock Pfizer holds, if any, would be distributed on a pro rata basis to Pfizer stockholders whose shares of Pfizer common stock remain outstanding after the consummation of the exchange offer. If a split-off is ultimately selected by Pfizer, then Newco will file a separate Form S-4 for the split-off, and Pfizer will file a Schedule TO for the split-off.


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The information in this document is not complete and may be changed. A registration statement relating to the securities described in this document has been filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

PRELIMINARY—SUBJECT TO COMPLETION—DATED OCTOBER 25, 2019

INFORMATION STATEMENT TO PFIZER STOCKHOLDERS

On July 29, 2019, Pfizer Inc. and Upjohn Inc. (“Newco”) entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, and, on the same day, Pfizer, Newco, Mylan N.V. (“Mylan”) and certain of their affiliates entered into a Business Combination Agreement. These agreements provide for Pfizer to combine its global, primarily off-patent branded and generic established medicines business (the “Upjohn Business”) with Mylan in a Reverse Morris Trust transaction. The Separation, Distribution and Combination (each as defined below) are referred to collectively in this document as the “transactions.” As used in this document, each of “Newco” and the “combined company” refers to Upjohn Inc., which has been newly formed to effect the transactions. Newco will be renamed and will operate both Mylan and the Upjohn Business. Upon closing of the transactions described below, Newco will be an independent, publicly-traded company. The principal transactions to effect the Reverse Morris Trust transaction include the following:

 

   

Separation. Pfizer will contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from the remainder of Pfizer’s businesses (the “Separation”).

 

   

Distribution. Following the Separation, Pfizer will distribute to its stockholders all of the issued and outstanding shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer by way of pro rata dividend (the “Distribution”). The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be distributed in the Distribution will be such that, after the Combination described below, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will hold 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination (as defined below). References in this document to the percentage ownership of fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock by Pfizer stockholders and former Mylan shareholders upon completion of the transactions assumes that such percentages are determined excluding any overlaps in the pre-transaction securityholder bases.

 

   

Combination. Immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will engage in a series of steps to combine their businesses, and in which Mylan shareholders will receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (the “Combination”). The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be issued in the Combination will be such that, after the Combination, Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will hold 43% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

It is expected that there will be approximately              million shares of Newco common stock outstanding immediately after the Combination. Newco common stock will be listed on either the NASDAQ Global Select Market or the New York Stock Exchange under a ticker symbol to be determined.

This document constitutes an information statement of Newco for the Newco common stock being distributed in the Distribution. Pfizer stockholders are not required to take any action to approve the transactions.

Please review this document carefully. You should carefully consider the matters discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page 36.

Neither the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities regulator has approved or disapproved the transactions described in this document, or determined if this document is accurate or adequate. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

The date of this document is                     , 2020, and it will be made publicly available on or about                     , 2020. Notice of this information statement’s availability will be first sent to Pfizer stockholders on or about                     , 2020.


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ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

This document forms a part of a registration statement on Form 10 (File No.                 ) filed by Newco with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) to register under the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder (the “Exchange Act”), the shares of Newco common stock to be issued to the Pfizer stockholders pursuant to the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Mylan has supplied all information contained in or incorporated by reference into this document relating to Mylan and Mylan Newco. Pfizer has supplied all information contained in or incorporated by reference into this document relating to Pfizer, the Upjohn Business and Newco. Mylan and Pfizer have both contributed information relating to the proposed transactions.

As permitted by SEC rules, this document does not contain all of the information that you can find in the registration statement or its exhibits. For further information pertaining to Newco and the shares of Newco common stock to be issued in connection with the proposed transactions, reference is made to that registration statement and its exhibits. Each statement contained in this document is qualified in its entirety by reference to the underlying documents. You are encouraged to read the entire registration statement. You may obtain copies of the registration statement, including documents incorporated by reference into the registration statement (and any amendments to those documents) by following the instructions under “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”

TRADEMARKS AND SERVICE MARKS

Mylan, Pfizer and Newco each owns or has rights to various trademarks, logos, service marks and trade names that each uses in connection with the operation of its business. Mylan, Pfizer and Newco each also owns or has the rights to copyrights that protect the content of their respective products. Solely for convenience, the trademarks, service marks, trade names and copyrights referred to in this document are listed without the , ® and © symbols, but such references do not constitute a waiver of any rights that might be associated with the respective trademarks, service marks, trade names and copyrights included or referred to in this document.

 

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WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

This document incorporates by reference certain business, financial and other information about Mylan from certain documents filed with the SEC that have not been included herein or delivered herewith. Mylan files reports (including annual, quarterly and current reports that may contain audited financial statements), proxy statements and other information with the SEC.

Copies of Mylan’s filings with the SEC are available to investors without charge by request made to Mylan in writing or by telephone with the following contact information:

Mylan N.V.

Attention: Investor Relations

Building 4, Trident Place, Mosquito Way

Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL10 9UL, England

Telephone: +44 (0) 1707-853-000

You may also obtain printer-friendly versions of Mylan’s SEC reports at www.investor.mylan.com. However, Mylan is not incorporating the information on Mylan’s website other than the filings listed below into this document or the registration statement. Mylan’s filings with the SEC are available to the public over the internet at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov, or at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Please call 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the public reference facilities.

The SEC allows certain information to be “incorporated by reference” into this document. This means that Mylan can disclose important information to you by referring you to another document filed separately with the SEC. The information incorporated by reference is deemed to be part of this document, except for any information modified or superseded by information contained directly in this document or in any document subsequently filed by Mylan that is also incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference herein. This document incorporates by reference the documents set forth below that Mylan has previously filed with the SEC and any future filings by Mylan under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, from the date of this document to the date that the EGM is held, except, in any such case, for any information therein that has been furnished rather than filed, which shall not be incorporated herein. Subsequent filings with the SEC will automatically modify and supersede information in this document. These documents contain important information about Mylan and its financial condition.

This document, and the registration statement of which this document forms a part, hereby incorporate by reference the following documents that Mylan has filed with the SEC:

 

   

Mylan’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, filed with the SEC on February 27, 2019, as amended by Amendment No.  1 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, filed with the SEC on April 30, 2019;

 

   

Mylan’s Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarters ended March 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019, filed with the SEC on May  7, 2019 and July 29, 2019, respectively;

 

   

Mylan’s Definitive Proxy Statement, filed with the SEC on May 24, 2019;

 

   

Mylan’s Current Reports on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on February 11, 2019, June 21, 2019 (except for Item 7.01), July  29, 2019 (relating to the announcement of the Combination) and July 29, 2019 (describing the material agreements relating to the Combination); and

 

   

the description of Mylan’s ordinary shares contained in Mylan’s registration statement on Form S-4 filed on November 5, 2014, including any amendments or reports filed for the purpose of updating such description.

 

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If you are a Pfizer stockholder and you have any questions about the proposed transactions, please contact Pfizer’s Investor Relations Department at (212) 733-2323.

NONE OF MYLAN, PFIZER OR NEWCO HAS AUTHORIZED ANYONE TO GIVE ANY INFORMATION OR MAKE ANY REPRESENTATION ABOUT THE PROPOSED TRANSACTIONS OR ABOUT MYLAN, PFIZER OR NEWCO THAT DIFFERS FROM OR ADDS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT OR THE DOCUMENTS THAT MYLAN PUBLICLY FILES WITH THE SEC. THEREFORE, NONE OF MYLAN, PFIZER OR NEWCO TAKES RESPONSIBILITY FOR, NOR CAN PROVIDE ASSURANCES AS TO THE RELIABILITY OF, ANY OTHER INFORMATION THAT OTHERS MAY GIVE YOU.

THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT SPEAKS ONLY AS OF ITS DATE UNLESS THE INFORMATION SPECIFICALLY INDICATES THAT ANOTHER DATE APPLIES. YOU SHOULD NOT ASSUME THAT THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS ACCURATE AS OF ANY DATE OTHER THAN THE DATE HEREOF. YOU SHOULD NOT ASSUME THAT THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN ANY DOCUMENT INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE HEREIN IS ACCURATE AS OF ANY DATE OTHER THAN THE DATE OF SUCH DOCUMENT. ANY STATEMENT CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT OR IN ANY DOCUMENT INCORPORATED INTO THIS DOCUMENT BY REFERENCE AS TO THE CONTENTS OF ANY CONTRACT OR OTHER DOCUMENT REFERRED TO IN THIS DOCUMENT OR IN OTHER DOCUMENTS THAT ARE INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE INTO THIS DOCUMENT ARE NOT NECESSARILY COMPLETE AND, IN EACH INSTANCE, REFERENCE IS MADE TO THE COPY OF THE APPLICABLE CONTRACT OR OTHER DOCUMENT FILED AS AN EXHIBIT TO THE REGISTRATION STATEMENT OR OTHERWISE FILED WITH THE SEC. ANY STATEMENT CONTAINED IN A DOCUMENT INCORPORATED OR DEEMED TO BE INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE INTO THIS DOCUMENT WILL BE DEEMED TO BE MODIFIED OR SUPERSEDED TO THE EXTENT THAT A STATEMENT CONTAINED HEREIN OR IN ANY OTHER SUBSEQUENTLY FILED DOCUMENT THAT ALSO IS OR IS DEEMED TO BE INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE INTO THIS DOCUMENT MODIFIES OR SUPERSEDES SUCH STATEMENT. ANY STATEMENT SO MODIFIED OR SUPERSEDED WILL NOT BE DEEMED, EXCEPT AS SO MODIFIED OR SUPERSEDED, TO CONSTITUTE A PART OF THIS DOCUMENT. THE TAKING OF ANY ACTIONS CONTEMPLATED HEREBY BY PFIZER AT ANY TIME WILL NOT CREATE ANY IMPLICATION TO THE CONTRARY.

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

     ii  

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE TRANSACTIONS

     1  

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FOR PFIZER STOCKHOLDERS

     7  

SUMMARY

     9  

SUMMARY HISTORICAL COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION OF THE UPJOHN BUSINESS

     27  

SUMMARY HISTORICAL CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION OF MYLAN

     29  

SUMMARY UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

     32  

SUMMARY HISTORICAL AND PRO FORMA PER SHARE DATA OF MYLAN

     34  

HISTORICAL MARKET PRICE AND DIVIDEND INFORMATION

     35  

RISK FACTORS

     36  

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

     66  

THE TRANSACTIONS

     69  

MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES

     87  

DESCRIPTION OF FINANCING

     93  

BUSINESS COMBINATION AGREEMENT

     94  

SEPARATION AND DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT

     121  

ADDITIONAL TRANSACTION AGREEMENTS

     130  

INFORMATION ABOUT MYLAN

     136  

INFORMATION ABOUT PFIZER

     137  

INFORMATION ABOUT THE UPJOHN BUSINESS

     138  

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS OF THE UPJOHN BUSINESS

     144  

SELECTED HISTORICAL COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION OF THE UPJOHN BUSINESS

     205  

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION OF MYLAN AND THE UPJOHN BUSINESS

     208  

DESCRIPTION OF NEWCO CAPITAL STOCK

     223  

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

     227  

APPRAISAL RIGHTS

     228  

INDEX—FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

     F-1  

ANNEXES

     A-1  


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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE TRANSACTIONS

The following are some of the questions that you may have regarding the transactions and brief answers to those questions. For more detailed information about the matters discussed in these questions and answers, see “The Transactions” beginning on page 69, “Business Combination Agreement” beginning on page 94 and “Separation and Distribution Agreement” beginning on page 121. These questions and answers, as well as the summary beginning on page 9, are not meant to be a substitute for the information contained in the remainder of this document, and this information is qualified in its entirety by the more detailed descriptions and explanations contained elsewhere in this document. You are urged to read this document in its entirety. Additional important information is also contained in the annexes to this document. You should pay special attention to the “Risk Factors” beginning on page 36 and “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” beginning on page 66.

 

Q:

Why am I receiving these materials?

 

A:

You are receiving these materials because you are a holder of Pfizer common stock. Pfizer and Mylan have agreed to combine Pfizer’s Upjohn Business with Mylan in a series of transactions subject to the terms and conditions of the Separation and Distribution Agreement and the Business Combination Agreement. Copies of the Separation and Distribution Agreement and the Business Combination Agreement are attached as Annexes A and B, respectively. This document is:

 

   

an information statement of Newco to be provided to the Pfizer stockholders in connection with the Distribution.

This document contains important information about the Separation, the Distribution, the Combination and the transactions comprising it. You should read it carefully.

 

Q:

What are the transactions described in this document?

 

A:

On July 29, 2019, Pfizer and Newco entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, and, on the same day, Pfizer, Newco and Mylan and certain of their affiliates entered into a Business Combination Agreement. These agreements provide for Pfizer to combine the Upjohn Business with Mylan in a Reverse Morris Trust transaction. The principal transactions to effect the Reverse Morris transaction include the following:

 

   

Separation. Pfizer will contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from the remainder of Pfizer’s businesses (the “Separation”).

 

   

Distribution. Following the Separation, Pfizer will distribute all of the issued and outstanding shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer by way of pro rata dividend (the “Distribution”). The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be distributed in the Distribution will be such that, after the Combination described below, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will hold 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination (as defined below). References in this document to the percentage ownership of fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock by Pfizer stockholders and former Mylan shareholders upon completion of the transactions assumes that such percentages are determined excluding any overlaps in the pre-transactions securityholder bases.

 

   

Combination. Immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will engage in a strategic business combination transaction in which Mylan shareholders will receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share held by such Mylan shareholder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (the “Combination”). The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be issued in the Combination will be such that, after the Combination, Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will hold 43% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

 

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Newco, which will be the parent entity of the combined Upjohn Business and Mylan business, will be renamed to a name to be selected by Mylan (in consultation in good faith with Pfizer), effective as of the closing of the Combination. It is expected that there will be approximately                      million shares of Newco common stock outstanding immediately after the Combination. Newco common stock will be listed on either the NASDAQ or the New York Stock Exchange under a ticker symbol to be determined.

 

Q:

What is a Reverse Morris Trust transaction?

 

A:

A Reverse Morris Trust transaction structure allows a parent company (in this case, Pfizer) to divest a subsidiary (in this case, Newco) in a tax-efficient manner. The first step of such a transaction is a distribution of the subsidiary’s stock to the parent company stockholders (in this case, Pfizer’s distribution of the stock of Newco to the Pfizer stockholders in the Distribution) in a transaction that is generally tax-free under Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Internal Revenue Code”). The distributed subsidiary then combines with a third party (in this case, Mylan through the Combination). Such a transaction can qualify as generally tax-free for U.S. federal income tax purposes for the parent company and its stockholders if the transaction structure meets all applicable requirements, including that the parent company stockholders own more than 50% of the stock of the combined entity immediately after the combination.

For information about the material U.S. federal income tax consequences resulting from the Distribution, see “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” beginning on page 87.

 

Q:

What will happen in the Separation?

 

A:

Pfizer and certain of Pfizer’s subsidiaries will engage in a series of transactions so that Pfizer’s Upjohn Business is held by Newco and its subsidiaries and is separated from the remainder of Pfizer’s businesses. We refer to these transactions as the “Separation.” In connection with the Separation and as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco, Newco will make a cash payment of $12 billion to Pfizer, which this document refers to as the “Cash Distribution,” and will issue to Pfizer additional shares of Newco common stock. See “The Transactions” and “Separation and Distribution Agreement—Transfer of Assets and Assumption of Liabilities.”

 

Q:

What will happen in the Distribution?

 

A:

After the Separation, Pfizer will distribute to its stockholders all of the issued and outstanding shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer by way of a pro rata dividend. This document refers to the distribution of the shares of Newco common stock as the “Distribution.”

This document assumes that Pfizer will effect the Distribution by way of a spin-off. In a spin-off, the board of directors of Pfizer (the “Pfizer Board”) will establish a record date and a distribution date, and each holder of Pfizer common stock as of the record date for the spin-off will receive a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to (a) the quotient of (i) the number of shares of Pfizer common stock held by the stockholder as of the record date divided by (ii) the total number of shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding on the record date multiplied by (b) the number of shares of Newco common stock (the “Distribution Shares”) equal to (i) the number of fully diluted Mylan ordinary shares (calculated as described in the Business Combination Agreement) multiplied by the quotient of 57% divided by 43% minus (ii) the number of shares of Newco common stock underlying certain awards under Newco’s stock plan that will be granted to employees of the Upjohn Business who held certain outstanding and unvested Pfizer equity awards immediately before the time at which the Distribution occurs.

Pfizer has the option to effect the Distribution by way of a split-off instead of a spin-off. If Pfizer elects to effect the Distribution pursuant to a split-off, Pfizer would offer to holders of Pfizer common stock the right to exchange all or a portion of their Pfizer common stock for a number of Distribution Shares (which, in the

 

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aggregate, may not be all of the Distribution Shares) under terms to be determined by Pfizer in its discretion, including the number of shares of Newco common stock that will be offered for each validly tendered share of Pfizer common stock, the period during which the exchange offer will remain open and the procedures for the tender and exchange of shares. If some shares of Newco common stock offered in the exchange offer are not subscribed for, then all of the remaining shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer will be distributed as a pro rata dividend to Pfizer stockholders whose shares of Pfizer common stock remain outstanding after the consummation of the exchange offer. If a split-off is ultimately selected by Pfizer, then Newco will file a registration statement on Form S-4 for the split-off, and Pfizer will file a Schedule TO for the split-off. See “The Transactions” and “Separation and Distribution Agreement—The Distribution.”

 

Q:

What will happen in the Combination?

 

A:

Immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will engage in a strategic business combination transaction in which Mylan shareholders will receive Newco common stock. The Combination shall occur through the following steps:

 

   

First, Mylan will engage in a legal triangular merger under Dutch law (the “Mylan Merger”), in which Mylan will merge with and into Mylan II B.V. (“Mylan Newco Sub”), with Mylan Newco Sub surviving as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan I B.V. (“Mylan Newco”). In the Mylan Merger, each Mylan ordinary share would be replaced by one Mylan Newco ordinary share. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will not be listed. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will be in existence only until the dissolution and liquidation of Mylan Newco has been completed as described below. After the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (as defined below) has been made, we do not expect there to be any further distributions in respect of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares, nor do we expect any Mylan Newco shareholder meeting to be held at which Mylan Newco shareholders could exercise voting rights.

 

   

Second, Mylan Newco will sell and transfer to Utah Acquisition Sub Inc., which is an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Newco (“Acquisition Sub”), all of the outstanding shares of Mylan Newco Sub in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock (the “Exchangeable Note”) (such sale and transfer, the “Share Sale”).

 

   

Third, Mylan Newco will be dissolved and liquidated in accordance with Dutch law and each holder of Mylan Newco ordinary shares (i.e., former holders of Mylan ordinary shares) will, upon distribution of the Exchangeable Note, receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan Newco ordinary share held by such holder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (the “Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution”) (such liquidation, the “Mylan Newco Liquidation”).

If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code (generally, six months after the announcement in a Dutch nationally distributed daily newspaper that the merger proposal with respect to the Mylan Merger has been deposited with the Dutch trade registry or disclosed for public inspection), then, unless otherwise mutually determined by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, the Combination will occur through the following steps, which does not involve the Mylan Merger:

 

   

First, Mylan will sell and transfer to Acquisition Sub all of Mylan’s assets and liabilities, in exchange for the Exchangeable Note (the “Asset Sale”).

 

   

Second, Mylan will be dissolved and liquidated in accordance with Dutch law and each holder of Mylan ordinary shares will receive, upon distribution of the Exchangeable Note, one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share held by such holder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (such liquidation, the “Mylan Liquidation”).

See “The Transactions” and “Business Combination Agreement—The Combination.”

 

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Q:

Will the Distribution and the Combination occur on the same day?

 

A:

Yes. The Combination is expected to occur immediately following the Distribution on the same day, New York City time.

 

Q:

Who will serve on the Newco Board following completion of the Combination?

 

A:

The Business Combination Agreement provides that, as of the closing of the Combination, the board of directors of Newco (the “Newco Board”) will consist of 13 members, consisting of:

 

   

the Executive Chairman of Newco, who will be Robert J. Coury (current Chairman of the Mylan Board);

 

   

the Chief Executive Officer of Newco, who will be Michael Goettler (current Global President of the Upjohn Business);

 

   

eight persons designated by Mylan before the closing date; and

 

   

three persons designated by Pfizer before the closing date (after consultation in good faith with Mylan).

See “The Transactions” and “Business Combination Agreement—Post-Combination Governance and Management.”

 

Q:

Who will manage Newco after the Combination?

 

A:

The Business Combination Agreement provides that, as of the closing of the Combination,

 

   

Robert J. Coury will become the Executive Chairman of Newco;

 

   

Michael Goettler will become the Chief Executive Officer of Newco;

 

   

Rajiv Malik, Mylan’s President, will become the President of Newco; and

 

   

the Chief Financial Officer of Newco will be selected jointly by Mylan and Pfizer following a search initiated by Mylan.

See “The Transactions—Board of Directors and Executive Officers of Newco Following the Combination.”

 

Q:

Will Newco incur indebtedness in connection with the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination?

 

A:

Yes. In connection with the transactions, Newco has obtained financing commitments from certain financial institutions that will permit Newco to incur borrowings in an aggregate principal amount of up to $12 billion. Newco may issue debt securities or incur other long-term debt financing in lieu of borrowing under the financing commitments. Newco expects to use the proceeds of such financings to make the Cash Distribution to Pfizer. See “Description of Financing.”

 

Q:

Is the completion of the Combination subject to any conditions?

 

A:

Yes. The respective obligations of each party to conduct the closing of the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement are subject to the fulfillment (or, to the extent permitted by applicable law, waiver) of certain conditions specified in the Business Combination Agreement. See “Business Combination Agreement—Conditions to the Combination.”

 

Q:

How will the rights of Pfizer stockholders change after the Combination?

 

A:

The rights of Pfizer stockholders with respect to their Pfizer common stock will not change as a result of the Combination, except that their shares of Pfizer common stock will represent an interest in Pfizer, which no longer will own the Upjohn Business.

 

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Shares of Newco common stock will represent an interest in a company that holds both the Upjohn Business and Mylan’s businesses. Upon completion of the Mylan Merger, Mylan ordinary shares will no longer be listed for trading on the NASDAQ, but Newco common stock will be listed on either the NASDAQ or the New York Stock Exchange under a ticker symbol to be determined.

 

Q:

What are the material U.S. federal income tax consequences to Pfizer stockholders from the Distribution?

 

A:

The consummation of the Distribution, the Combination and certain related transactions is conditioned upon Pfizer’s receipt of a private letter ruling by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS,” and such private letter ruling the “IRS Ruling”) and an opinion of its tax counsel, Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP (the “Tax Opinion”), each to the effect that the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, will qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution will qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code and the distribution of the proceeds of the Cash Distribution by Pfizer to Pfizer creditors or shareholders (the “Pfizer Distribution Payments”) will qualify as money distributed to Pfizer creditors or stockholders in connection with the reorganization for purposes of Section 361(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. Assuming that the Distribution and related transactions and the Pfizer Distribution Payments so qualify, Pfizer and its stockholders will not recognize any taxable income, gain or loss as a result of the Distribution for U.S. federal income tax purposes, except for any cash received in lieu of any fractional shares.

See “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” beginning on page 87 of this document for a more detailed description of the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Distribution.

 

Q:

What will happen to outstanding Mylan equity awards in the Combination?

 

A:

Each Mylan equity award outstanding as of immediately prior to the Effective Time will be converted into an equity award representing a number of shares of Newco common stock. See “Business Combination Agreement—Treatment of Mylan Equity Awards” beginning on page 100 of this document for a more detailed description of the treatment of Mylan equity awards in the Combination.

 

Q:

What will happen to outstanding Pfizer equity awards in the Distribution?

 

A:

Pfizer equity awards held by Pfizer employees who move to Newco will generally be vested pro rata as of immediately prior to the Distribution and settle in accordance with the existing terms of such awards, and such employees will receive a grant of a replacement award from Newco based on the value of the portion of the Pfizer equity award that is forfeited, with such replacement award to generally be subject to the same terms and conditions as the corresponding forfeited Pfizer equity award. Pfizer equity awards held by current and former employees and non-employee directors of Pfizer, as well as Pfizer awards held by Newco employees that remain outstanding following the Distribution, will generally remain denominated in shares of Pfizer common stock, and Pfizer will adjust the terms of such awards as it determines to be appropriate to preserve the value of such awards in connection with the Distribution.

For a more complete discussion of the treatment of Pfizer equity awards, see “Additional Transaction Agreements—Employee Matters Agreement” beginning on page 131.

 

Q:

Does Mylan have to pay anything to Pfizer if the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement are not approved by the Mylan shareholders or if the Business Combination Agreement is otherwise terminated?

 

A:

Yes. If the Business Combination Agreement is terminated because Mylan shareholder approval is not obtained, then Mylan will reimburse Pfizer for up to $96 million of the aggregate out-of-pocket costs, fees and expenses incurred by Pfizer in connection with the Business Combination Agreement.

 

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Mylan is required to pay Pfizer a termination fee of $322 million in the aggregate if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated under certain circumstances. For a discussion of the circumstances under which the termination fee is payable by Mylan or the requirement to reimburse expenses applies, see “The Transactions” and “Business Combination Agreement—Termination, Amendment and Waiver”. In addition, if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated, Mylan shall pay Pfizer 43% of the Financing Obligations (as defined in the Business Combination Agreement) and indemnify and hold harmless Pfizer, its subsidiaries and its and their representatives from and against 43% of certain losses actually suffered or incurred by them in connection with the Financing or the Permanent Financing (each as defined in “—Description of Financing”). For a discussion of financing-related payments, see “Business Combination Agreement—Financing.”

 

Q:

Does Pfizer have to pay anything to Mylan if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated?

 

A:

No. Pfizer will not have to pay Mylan anything if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated.

 

Q:

Are there risks associated with the transactions?

 

A:

Yes. Pfizer, Newco and Mylan may not realize the expected benefits of the transactions because of the risks and uncertainties discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 36 of this document and the section entitled “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” beginning on page 66 of this document. These risks include, among others, risks relating to the uncertainty that the transactions will close, the uncertainty that the combined company will achieve expected benefits, including synergies in amounts and on the schedules anticipated, and uncertainties relating to the performance of Pfizer and the combined company after the transactions.

 

Q:

Can Mylan shareholders or Pfizer stockholders demand appraisal of their shares in connection with the transactions?

 

A:

No. Neither Mylan shareholders nor Mylan Newco shareholders are entitled under Dutch law or otherwise to appraisal or dissenters’ rights related to the Mylan ordinary shares or Mylan Newco ordinary shares in connection with the Combination.

Pfizer stockholders are not entitled to appraisal rights in connection with the Separation, the Distribution or the Combination.

 

Q:

When will the transactions be completed?

 

A:

The transactions are currently anticipated to close in mid-2020, subject to approval by Mylan shareholders and customary closing conditions, including receipt of regulatory approvals.

 

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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FOR PFIZER STOCKHOLDERS

The following are some of the questions that Pfizer stockholders may have regarding the transactions and brief answers to those questions. For more detailed information about the matters discussed in these questions and answers, see “The Transactions” beginning on page 69. These questions and answers, as well as the following summary, are not meant to be a substitute for the information contained in the remainder of this document, and this information is qualified in its entirety by the more detailed descriptions and explanations contained elsewhere in this document. Pfizer stockholders are urged to read this document in its entirety. You should pay special attention to the “Risk Factors” beginning on page 36 and “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” beginning on page 66.

 

Q:

What will Pfizer stockholders be entitled to receive pursuant to the Distribution and the Combination?

 

A:

As a result of the Distribution, Pfizer stockholders will receive in the aggregate a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to a number of shares so that Pfizer stockholders will hold 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock immediately following the Combination.

This document assumes that Pfizer will effect the Distribution by way of a spin-off. In a spin-off, Pfizer will distribute, on a pro rata basis, all of the Distribution Shares to Pfizer stockholders as of the record date for the Distribution. Each holder of Pfizer common stock as of the record date will receive a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the Distribution Shares multiplied by the quotient of (i) the number of shares of Pfizer common stock held by such stockholder as of the record date divided by (ii) the total number of shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding on the record date.

Based on the number of shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding and the number of Mylan ordinary shares outstanding, calculated on a fully diluted, as-converted and as-exercised basis in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement, in each case as of                 , and assuming that Pfizer distributes 100% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock to Pfizer stockholders in the Distribution, if the Distribution and the Combination had occurred on                 , a Pfizer stockholder would have received                  share of Newco common stock for every one share of Pfizer common stock held by such Pfizer stockholder on the record date for the Distribution (representing in the aggregate 57% of the fully diluted shares of Newco common stock outstanding immediately following the Combination, assuming the Combination had occurred on                 ).

Pfizer has the option to effect the Distribution by way of a split-off instead of a spin-off. If Pfizer elects to effect the Distribution pursuant to a split-off, Pfizer would offer to holders of Pfizer common stock the option to exchange all or a portion of their Pfizer common stock for a number of Distribution Shares (which, in the aggregate, may not be all of the Distribution Shares) under terms to be determined by Pfizer in its discretion, including the number of shares of Newco common stock that will be offered for each validly tendered share of Pfizer common stock, the period during which the exchange offer will remain open and the procedures for the tender and exchange of shares. If some shares of Newco common stock offered in the exchange offer are not subscribed for, then all of the remaining shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer will be distributed as a pro rata dividend to Pfizer stockholders whose shares of Pfizer common stock remain outstanding after the consummation of the exchange offer.

If Pfizer decides to effect the Distribution through a split-off instead of a spin-off, this registration statement will be amended to reflect this decision and any necessary changes, if any. If a split-off is ultimately selected by Pfizer, Newco will file a separate Form S-4 for the split-off, and Pfizer will file a Schedule TO for the split-off. See “The Transactions” and “Separation and Distribution Agreement—The Distribution.”

 

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Q:

Has Pfizer set a record date for the Distribution?

 

A:

No. Pfizer will publicly announce the record date for the Distribution once the record date has been determined by the Pfizer Board. This announcement will be made before the completion of the Distribution and the Combination.

 

Q:

What will happen to the shares of Pfizer common stock owned by Pfizer stockholders?

 

A:

Holders of Pfizer common stock will retain all of their shares of Pfizer common stock.

 

Q:

How will shares of Newco common stock be distributed to Pfizer stockholders?

 

A:

Holders of Pfizer common stock on the record date for the Distribution will receive, in the Distribution, shares of Newco common stock in book-entry form. Pfizer stockholders of record will receive additional information from Pfizer’s distribution agent shortly after the closing of the Combination. Beneficial holders will receive information from their brokerage firms or other nominees.

 

Q:

Will Pfizer stockholders who sell their shares of Pfizer common stock shortly before the completion of the Distribution and the Combination still be entitled to receive shares of Newco common stock with respect to the shares of Pfizer common stock that were sold?

 

A:

It is currently expected that, before the Distribution, and continuing through the business day immediately preceding the closing date (or continuing through the closing date if the Combination closes after the close of trading in Pfizer common stock on the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) and Mylan ordinary shares on the NASDAQ on the closing date), there will be two markets in Pfizer common stock on the NYSE: a “regular way” market and an “ex-distribution” market.

If a Pfizer stockholder sells shares of Pfizer common stock in the “regular way” market under the ticker symbol “PFE” during this time period, that Pfizer stockholder will be selling both his or her shares of Pfizer common stock and the right (represented by a “due-bill”) to receive shares of Newco common stock in the Distribution. Pfizer stockholders should consult their brokers before selling their shares of Pfizer common stock in the “regular way” market during this time period to be sure they understand the effect of the NYSE “due-bill” procedures. The NYSE “due-bill” process is not managed, operated or controlled by Pfizer, Newco or Mylan.

If a Pfizer stockholder sells shares of Pfizer common stock in the “ex-distribution” market during this time period, that Pfizer stockholder will be selling only his or her shares of Pfizer common stock, and will retain the right to receive shares of Newco common stock in the Distribution. It is currently expected that “ex-distribution” trades of Pfizer common stock will settle within three business days after the closing date of the Combination and that if the Combination is not completed, all trades in this “ex-distribution” market will be cancelled.

After the closing date, shares of Pfizer common stock will no longer trade in this “ex-distribution” market, and shares of Pfizer common stock that are sold in the “regular way” market will no longer reflect the right to receive shares of Newco common stock.

 

Q:

Are Pfizer stockholders required to do anything?

 

A:

Pfizer stockholders are not required to take any action to approve the Separation, the Distribution or the Combination and the Pfizer Board has already approved the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination. However, Pfizer stockholders should carefully read this document, which contains important information about the Separation, the Distribution, the Combination, Newco and Mylan.

 

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SUMMARY

This summary, together with the sections titled “Questions and Answers About the Transactions” and “Questions and Answers for Pfizer Stockholders” immediately preceding this summary, provide a summary of the material terms of the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination. These sections highlight selected information contained in this document and may not include all the information that is important to you. You should read this entire document carefully, including the annexes, as well as those additional documents to which we refer you. See also “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”

The Companies (see “Information about Mylan,” “Information about Pfizer” and “Information about the Upjohn Business” beginning on pages 136, 137 and 138, respectively).

Mylan N.V.

Building 4, Trident Place, Mosquito Way

Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL10 9UL, England

+44 (0) 1707-853-000

Mylan was originally incorporated as a private limited liability company in the Netherlands in 2014 and subsequently became a public limited liability company in the Netherlands on February 27, 2015, and is the successor to Mylan Inc., which has been in existence for more than 50 years. Mylan N.V., along with its subsidiaries, is a global pharmaceutical company committed to setting new standards in healthcare. Working together around the world to provide seven billion people access to the broadest range of high-quality, affordable medicine, Mylan innovates to satisfy unmet needs; makes reliability and service excellence a habit; does what’s right, not what’s easy; and impacts the future through passionate global leadership. Mylan offers a growing portfolio of more than 7,500 products, including prescription generic, branded generic, brand-name drugs and over-the-counter remedies. In addition, Mylan offers a wide range of antiretroviral therapies, upon which nearly 50% of HIV/AIDS patients in developing countries depend. Mylan markets its products in more than 165 countries and territories. Every member of Mylan’s approximately 35,000-strong global workforce is dedicated to delivering better health for a better world.

Mylan I B.V.

Krijgsman 20

1186 DM Amstelveen, The Netherlands

+44 (0) 1707-853-000

Mylan Newco is a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan. Mylan Newco was incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands on July 25, 2019 for the purposes of effecting certain elements of the transactions in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement. Mylan Newco has not carried on any activities other than in connection with the Business Combination Agreement.

Mylan II B.V.

Krijgsman 20

1186 DM Amstelveen, The Netherlands

+44 (0) 1707-853-000

Mylan Newco Sub is a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan Newco. Mylan Newco Sub was incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands on July 25, 2019 for the purposes of effecting certain elements of the transactions in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement. Mylan Newco Sub has not carried on any activities other than in connection with the Business Combination Agreement.



 

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Pfizer Inc.

235 East 42nd Street

New York, New York 10017

+1 (212) 733-3451

Pfizer is a research-based, global biopharmaceutical company. Pfizer applies science and its global resources to bring therapies to people that extend and significantly improve their lives through the discovery, development and manufacture of healthcare products, including innovative medicines and vaccines. Pfizer works across developed and emerging markets to advance wellness, prevention, treatments and cures that challenge the most feared diseases of our time. Pfizer collaborates with healthcare providers, governments and local communities to support and expand access to reliable, affordable healthcare around the world. Pfizer’s revenues are derived from the sale of its products and, to a much lesser extent, from alliance agreements, under which it co-promotes products discovered or developed by other companies or itself. The majority of Pfizer’s revenues come from the manufacture and sale of biopharmaceutical products. Pfizer was incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware on June 2, 1942.

Upjohn Inc.

c/o Pfizer Inc.

235 East 42nd Street

New York, New York 10017

+1 (212) 733-3451

Newco is a recently formed corporation, organized in the State of Delaware on February 14, 2019, which is currently a wholly owned subsidiary of Pfizer and will hold, via its subsidiaries, the Upjohn Business at the time of the Distribution. In connection with the Separation, Pfizer will cause certain assets and liabilities to be conveyed to Newco and entities that are or will become subsidiaries of Newco pursuant to an internal restructuring in order to separate the Upjohn Business from Pfizer’s other businesses, and will then distribute all of the shares of Newco common stock pro rata to Pfizer stockholders entitled to shares of Newco common stock in the Distribution. Pfizer, Newco and Mylan will effect the Combination through a Reverse Morris Trust transaction structure. A Reverse Morris Trust transaction structure generally involves the spin-off or split-off of a subsidiary, usually by means of a distribution of, or an exchange offer for, common stock of such subsidiary, by the subsidiary’s parent company to its stockholders, and the immediately subsequent merger or other combination of the subsidiary with a third party. The first step of the Reverse Morris Trust transaction will be the distribution of all the shares of Newco common stock to Pfizer stockholders, and the second step will be the business combination transaction in which the Upjohn Business and Mylan will combine, with Newco becoming the parent of the combined company as a result of the business combination transaction. Pfizer and its stockholders are not expected to recognize any taxable income, gain or loss as a result of the Distribution for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The Combination is expected to be a taxable transaction to Mylan shareholders. For more information regarding the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Distribution, see “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” beginning on page 87.

The Upjohn Business currently operates as a business unit within Pfizer and through certain subsidiaries of Pfizer. The Upjohn Business is a global leader in the commercialization and manufacturing of pharmaceutical products, and has a portfolio of 20 globally recognized pharmaceutical brands as well as a U.S.-based generics platform, Greenstone.

Utah Acquisition Sub Inc.

c/o Pfizer Inc.

235 East 42nd Street

New York, New York 10017

+1 (212) 733-3451



 

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Acquisition Sub is an indirectly wholly owned subsidiary of Newco. Acquisition Sub was organized in the State of Delaware on July 25, 2019 for the purposes of effecting certain elements of the Combination in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement. Acquisition Sub has not carried on any activities other than in connection with the Business Combination Agreement.

The Transactions (see “The Transactions” beginning on page 69).

On July 29, 2019, Pfizer and Newco entered into the Separation and Distribution Agreement, and, on the same day, Pfizer, Newco and Mylan and certain of their affiliates entered into the Business Combination Agreement. These agreements provide for Pfizer to combine its global, primarily off-patent branded and generic established medicines business (the “Upjohn Business”) with Mylan in a Reverse Morris Trust transaction. The principal transactions to effect the Reverse Morris transaction include the following:

 

   

Separation. Pfizer will contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from the remainder of Pfizer’s businesses (the “Separation”).

 

   

Distribution. Following the Separation, Pfizer will distribute all of the issued and outstanding shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer by way of pro rata dividend (the “Distribution”). The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be distributed in the Distribution will be such that, after the Combination (as defined below) described below, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will hold 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

 

   

Combination. Immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will engage in a strategic business combination transaction in which Mylan shareholders will receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share held by such Mylan shareholder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (the “Combination”). The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be issued in the Combination will be such that, after the Combination, Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will hold 43% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

Newco, which will be the parent entity of the combined Upjohn Business and Mylan business, will be renamed to a name to be selected by Mylan (in consultation in good faith with Pfizer), effective as of the closing of the Combination. It is expected that there will be approximately          million shares of Newco common stock outstanding immediately after the Combination. Newco common stock will be listed on either the NASDAQ or the New York Stock Exchange under a ticker symbol to be determined.

In connection with the transactions, Pfizer and Newco will enter into several other agreements to provide a framework for their relationship after the Distribution. These agreements provide for the allocation between Pfizer, on the one hand, and Newco, on the other hand, of certain assets, liabilities and obligations related to the Upjohn Business and will govern the relationship between Pfizer and Newco after the Distribution, including with respect to employee matters, intellectual property rights, transitional services, manufacturing and supply matters and tax matters.

For a more complete discussion of the agreements related to the transactions, see “Business Combination Agreement,” “Separation and Distribution Agreement” and “Additional Transaction Agreements.”



 

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Overview (see “The Transactions” beginning on page 69).

Below is a description of the sequence of principal transactions relating to the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination:

 

Step 1 (Contribution):

Pfizer will engage in a series of transactions to contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from Pfizer’s other businesses.

 

Step 2 (Cash Distribution):

Newco will make a cash payment to Pfizer equal to $12 billion, which this document refers to as the “Cash Distribution,” as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business from Pfizer to Newco. Newco has obtained financing commitments from certain financial institutions that will permit Newco to incur borrowings in an aggregate principal amount of up to $12 billion. Newco may issue debt securities or incur other long-term debt financing in lieu of borrowing under the financing commitments. Newco expects to use the proceeds of such financings to make the Cash Distribution. The anticipated material terms of the financing, based on the current expectations of Newco and Mylan, are described in more detail under “Description of Financing.” After the Distribution, Pfizer will effect the Pfizer Distribution Payments by using the proceeds of the Cash Distribution to (a) repurchase Pfizer common stock, (b) make pro rata special cash distributions to its stockholders and/or (c) repay or repurchase debt (including principal, interest and associated premiums and fees) held by third-party lenders.

 

  As partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco, Newco will also issue to Pfizer additional shares of Newco common stock such that the number of shares of Newco common stock then outstanding and held by Pfizer will be equal to the Distribution Shares, which is (a) the number of fully diluted Mylan ordinary shares (calculated as described in the Business Combination Agreement) multiplied by the quotient of 57% divided by 43% minus (b) the number of shares of Newco common stock underlying certain awards under Newco’s stock plan that will be granted to employees of the Upjohn Business who held certain outstanding and unvested Pfizer equity awards immediately before the time at which the Distribution occurs (the “Distribution Shares”).

 

Step 3 (Distribution):

Pfizer will distribute all of the Distribution Shares to Pfizer stockholders in a spin-off or a split-off. In a spin-off, Pfizer will effect the Distribution by distributing on a pro rata basis all of the Distribution Shares to Pfizer stockholders entitled to shares of Newco common stock in the Distribution as of the record date of the Distribution. In a split-off, Pfizer would offer its stockholders the option to exchange all or a portion of their shares of Pfizer common stock for shares of Newco common stock in an exchange offer, resulting in a reduction in shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding. If the exchange offer is undertaken and consummated, the remaining



 

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Distribution Shares, if any, would be distributed on a pro rata basis to Pfizer stockholders whose shares of Pfizer common stock remain outstanding after the consummation of the exchange offer.

 

  This document assumes that the Distribution will occur through a spin-off. If a split-off is ultimately selected by Pfizer, Newco will file a registration statement on Form S-4 for the split-off, and Pfizer will file a Schedule TO for the split-off.

 

Step 4 (Combination):

Under the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will effect the Combination through the following series of transactions:

 

   

First, Mylan will engage in a legal triangular merger under Dutch law (the “Mylan Merger”), in which Mylan will merge with and into Mylan II B.V. (“Mylan Newco Sub”), with Mylan Newco Sub surviving as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan I B.V. (“Mylan Newco”). In the Mylan Merger, each Mylan ordinary share would be replaced by one Mylan Newco ordinary share. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will not be listed. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will be in existence only until the dissolution and liquidation of Mylan Newco has been completed as described below. After the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (as defined in this document) has been made, we do not expect there to be any further distributions in respect of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares, nor do we expect any Mylan Newco shareholder meeting to be held at which Mylan Newco shareholders could exercise voting rights.

 

   

Second, Mylan Newco will sell and transfer to Acquisition Sub, an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Newco, or its designated nominee, all of the outstanding shares of Mylan Newco Sub in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares outstanding immediately after the effective time of the Mylan Merger (such sale and transfer, the “Share Sale”).

 

   

Third, Mylan Newco will be dissolved and liquidated in accordance with Dutch law and each holder of Mylan Newco ordinary shares will, upon distribution of the Exchangeable Note, receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan Newco ordinary share held by such holder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (such liquidation, the “Mylan Newco Liquidation”).

 

 

If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code (generally, six months after the announcement in a Dutch nationally distributed daily newspaper that the merger proposal with respect to the Mylan Merger has been deposited with the Dutch trade registry or disclosed for public inspection), then, unless otherwise mutually determined by



 

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Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, the Combination will occur through the following steps, which do not involve the Mylan Merger. This alternative transaction structure, which this document refers to as the “Alternative Transaction Structure,” consists of the following:

 

   

First, Mylan will sell and transfer to Acquisition Sub all of Mylan’s assets and liabilities, in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares outstanding immediately after the effective time of the Asset Sale (as defined below) (the “Mylan Exchangeable Note”) (such sale and transfer, the “Asset Sale”); and

 

   

Second, Mylan will be dissolved and liquidated in accordance with Dutch law and each holder of Mylan ordinary shares will, upon distribution of the Exchangeable Note, receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share held by such holder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax (such liquidation, the “Mylan Liquidation”).

 

  Each step of the Combination is intended to be completed substantially concurrently, in the order indicated.

When the Distribution and Combination are completed, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will own 57% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, and Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will own 43% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, in each case on a fully diluted basis.

Set forth below are diagrams that graphically illustrate, in simplified form, the existing corporate structure, the corporate structure immediately following the Separation and the Distribution but before the Combination (both in the scenario that the Alternative Transaction Structure is not adopted and in the scenario that the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted), and the corporate structure immediately following the consummation of the Combination (both in the scenario that the Alternative Transaction Structure is not adopted and in the scenario that the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted).



 

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Pre-Distribution Structure

 

LOGO



 

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If the Alternative Transaction Structure Is Not Adopted: Structure Following the Distribution and Mylan Merger but Before the Share Sale and Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution

 

LOGO



 

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If the Alternative Transaction Structure Is Not Adopted: Structure Following the Share Sale and Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution

 

LOGO

 

*

Excludes overlap of Pfizer stockholders and Mylan shareholders



 

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If the Alternative Transaction Structure Is Adopted: Structure Following the Distribution but Before the Combination

 

LOGO



 

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Structure Following the Combination if the Alternative Transaction Structure Is Adopted

 

LOGO

 

*

Excludes overlap of Pfizer stockholders and Mylan shareholders

Conditions to the Transactions (see “Business Combination Agreement—Conditions to the Combination” beginning on page 117 and “Separation and Distribution Agreement—Conditions to the Distribution” beginning on page 125).

As more fully described in this document, the Separation and the Distribution are generally subject to the same closing conditions as the Combination, and the Combination is subject to consummation of the Separation and the Distribution, among other closing conditions.

Conditions to the Combination

The Business Combination Agreement provides that the respective obligations of each party to conduct the closing of the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement are subject to the fulfillment (or, to the extent permitted by applicable law, waiver) of the following conditions on or before the closing date:

 

   

any waiting period applicable to the Combination under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder (the “HSR Act”) has expired or been earlier terminated and competition law merger control clearance in the Required Jurisdictions (as defined under “—Regulatory Approvals”) has been obtained;



 

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the consummation of the Separation and the Distribution in accordance with the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement;

 

   

the effectiveness of the registration statement on Form S-4 filed by Newco to effect the registration of shares of Newco common stock that will be issued and distributed in the Mylan Newco Liquidation or Mylan Liquidation, as such registration may be amended or supplemented from time to time before the time at which the Distribution occurs, and the registration statement filed with the SEC of which this document forms a part, and the absence of any stop order issued by the SEC or any pending proceeding before the SEC seeking a stop order with respect thereto;

 

   

the approval of the listing of the Newco common stock to be issued in the Distribution and the Combination on the NYSE or the NASDAQ;

 

   

the approval and adoption by Mylan shareholders of the Combination Proposal (consisting of the Mylan Merger Resolution, the Share Sale Resolution, the Mylan Newco Liquidation Resolutions, the Alternative Transaction Resolutions and the Discharge Resolution) in accordance with applicable law (the “Mylan Shareholder Approval”) has been obtained; and

 

   

the absence of any law, governmental order or other action taken by a court of competent jurisdiction or other governmental authority prohibiting, enjoining, restraining or otherwise making illegal the Separation, the Distribution, the Combination or the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation Distribution).

Pfizer’s and Newco’s obligations to conduct the closing of the Combination are subject to the fulfillment (or waiver by Pfizer, to the extent permissible under applicable law) of the following additional conditions:

 

   

performance and compliance in all material respects by each of Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub (each, a “Mylan Party”) of all obligations and covenants, respectively, required to be performed or complied with, as applicable, by it under the Business Combination Agreement at or before the closing date;

 

   

the accuracy of the representations and warranties of the Mylan Parties contained in the Business Combination Agreement at and as of the date of the Business Combination Agreement and as of the closing date (except for any such representations and warranties made as of a particular date or period), generally subject to a material adverse effect standard or other materiality standard provided in the Business Combination Agreement;

 

   

receipt by Pfizer of a certificate of Mylan, executed on its behalf by a senior officer, certifying to the effect that the conditions referred to in the immediately preceding two bullets have been satisfied;

 

   

receipt by Pfizer of the IRS Ruling and the Tax Opinion; and

 

   

consummation of the Cash Distribution in accordance with the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

The Mylan Parties’ obligations to conduct the closing of the Combination are subject to the fulfillment (or waiver by Mylan, to the extent permissible under applicable law) of the following additional conditions:

 

   

performance and compliance in all material respects by Newco, Acquisition Sub and Pfizer of all obligations and covenants, respectively, required to be performed or complied with, as applicable, by it under the Business Combination Agreement at or before the closing date;

 

   

the accuracy of the representations and warranties of Pfizer contained in the Business Combination Agreement at and as of the date of the Business Combination Agreement and as of the closing date (except for any such representations and warranties made as of a particular date or period), generally subject to a material adverse effect standard or other materiality standard provided in the Business Combination Agreement; and



 

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receipt by Mylan of a certificate of Pfizer, executed on its behalf by a senior officer, certifying to the effect that the conditions referred to in the immediately preceding two bullets have been satisfied.

Conditions to the Separation and Distribution

Pfizer’s obligation to complete the Distribution is subject to the satisfaction or waiver of all the conditions to the Combination, as set forth in the Business Combination Agreement, other than the condition that the Distribution has been consummated (see “Business Combination Agreement—Conditions to the Combination”). Further, without Mylan’s prior written consent, the Distribution will not occur unless each of Pfizer and Newco will have executed and delivered, and caused each of their applicable subsidiaries to execute and deliver, as applicable, the Transition Services Agreements, the Tax Matters Agreement, the Employee Matters Agreement, the Manufacturing and Supply Agreements, the IP Matters Agreement and the Trademark License Agreement (together with the Specified Purchase Agreement (as defined in “Additional Transaction Agreements—Specified Purchase Agreement”), if executed, the “Ancillary Agreements,” and together with the Business Combination Agreement and the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the “Transaction Documents”) to which each of Pfizer, Newco or any applicable subsidiary is a party, and cause to be implemented and become effective certain of Newco’s organizational documents.

The Combination; Consideration (see “The Transactions” beginning on page 69).

Under the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, immediately following the Distribution, and unless the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, Newco and Mylan will combine through the Mylan Merger, the Share Sale and the Mylan Newco Liquidation, or, if the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code (generally, six months after the announcement in a Dutch nationally distributed daily newspaper that the merger proposal with respect to the Mylan Merger has been deposited with the Dutch trade registry or disclosed for public inspection), then, unless otherwise mutually determined by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, Newco and Mylan will be combined through the Alternative Transaction Structure consisting of the Asset Sale and the Mylan Liquidation.

In connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation, or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation, the Mylan shareholders will receive, as a liquidation distribution, a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares or Mylan ordinary shares, as applicable, held by such shareholder as of such time, reduced by any applicable withholding taxes, if any, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax. The exchange ratio of Newco common stock and Mylan Newco ordinary shares or Mylan ordinary shares, as applicable, equals one to one (the “Exchange Ratio”). The Business Combination Agreement provides that after the Distribution but before the Combination, the number of outstanding shares of Newco common stock will be equal to 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

When the Distribution and the Combination are completed, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will own 57% of the outstanding Newco common stock, and Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will own 43% of the outstanding Newco common stock, in each case on a fully diluted basis.

See “The Transactions—Calculation of Combination Consideration.”

Treatment of Mylan Equity Awards (see “Business Combination Agreement—Treatment of Mylan Equity Awards” beginning on page 100).

 

   

Mylan Options and Mylan SARs: At the Effective Time, each option to purchase Mylan ordinary shares (a “Mylan Option”) or stock appreciation right in respect of Mylan ordinary shares (a “Mylan SAR”)



 

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that is outstanding as of immediately prior to the Effective Time will be converted into the right to receive, as of immediately following the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time, as applicable, an option to purchase shares of Newco common stock (a “Newco Option”) or a stock appreciation right in respect of shares of Newco common stock (a “Newco SAR”), as applicable, (a) with respect to a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares subject to such Mylan Option or Mylan SAR, as applicable, multiplied by the Exchange Ratio and (b) with an exercise price per share or base price per share, as applicable, equal to the exercise price per share or base price per share of such Mylan Option or Mylan SAR, as applicable, divided by the Exchange Ratio.

 

   

Mylan RSU Awards: At the Effective Time, each time-vesting restricted stock unit award in respect of Mylan ordinary shares (a “Mylan RSU Award”) that is outstanding as of immediately prior to the Effective Time will be converted into the right to receive, as of immediately following the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time, as applicable, a time-vesting restricted stock unit award in respect of shares of Newco common stock (a “Newco RSU Award”) in respect of a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares subject to such Mylan RSU Award multiplied by the Exchange Ratio.

 

   

Mylan PRSU Awards: At the Effective Time, each performance-vesting restricted stock unit in respect of Mylan ordinary shares (each, a “Mylan PRSU Award”) that is outstanding as of immediately prior to the Effective Time will be converted into the right to receive, as of immediately following the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time, as applicable, a Newco RSU Award in respect of a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares subject to such Mylan PRSU Award as of immediately prior to the Effective Time multiplied by the Exchange Ratio. The number of Mylan ordinary shares subject to a Mylan PRSU Award with a performance period that is incomplete as of immediately prior to the Effective Time will be determined assuming performance goals are satisfied at the target level. After the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time, as applicable, each such Newco RSU Award will be subject only to time-based vesting at the end of the originally scheduled performance period (or any later scheduled vesting date).

Each converted equity award described above will be subject to substantially the same terms and conditions as applied to the corresponding Mylan equity award immediately prior to the Effective Time, including with respect to the vesting and payment schedules of each such award (except, in the case of any converted Mylan PRSU Award, for any performance-based vesting conditions).

For a more complete discussion of the treatment of Mylan equity awards, see “Business Combination Agreement—Treatment of Mylan Equity Awards” beginning on page 100.

Treatment of Pfizer Equity Awards (see “Additional Transaction Agreements—Employee Matters Agreement” beginning on page 131).

Pfizer equity awards held by Pfizer employees who move to Newco will generally be vested pro rata as of immediately prior to the Distribution and settle in accordance with the existing terms of such awards and such employees will receive a grant of a replacement award from Newco based on the value of the portion of the Pfizer equity award that is forfeited, with such replacement award to generally be subject to the same terms and conditions as the corresponding forfeited Pfizer equity award. Pfizer equity awards held by current and former employees and non-employee directors of Pfizer, as well as Pfizer awards held by Newco employees that remain outstanding following the Distribution, will generally remain denominated in shares of Pfizer common stock, and Pfizer will adjust the terms of such awards as it determines to be appropriate to preserve the value of such awards in connection with the Distribution.



 

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For a more complete discussion of the treatment of Pfizer equity awards, see “Additional Transaction Agreements—Employee Matters Agreement” beginning on page 131.

Board of Directors and Executive Officers of Newco Following the Combination (see “The Transactions—Board of Directors and Executive Officers of Newco Following the Combination; Operations Following the Combination; Liquidity and Capital Resources of Newco Following the Combination” beginning on page 80).

The Business Combination Agreement provides that, as of the closing of the Combination, the Newco Board will consist of 13 members, including the Executive Chairman of Newco, who will be Robert J. Coury (current Chairman of the Mylan Board); the Chief Executive Officer of Newco, who will be Michael Goettler (current Global President of the Upjohn Business); eight persons designated by Mylan before the closing date; and three persons designated by Pfizer before the closing date (after consultation in good faith with Mylan). The Executive Chairman of Newco will be in the class of directors whose term expires at the 2023 annual meeting of Newco stockholders, and each of the three persons designated by Pfizer will serve in a different class of directors.

The Business Combination Agreement provides that, as of the closing of the Combination, Robert J. Coury will become the Executive Chairman of Newco, Michael Goettler will become the Chief Executive Officer of Newco and Rajiv Malik, Mylan’s President, will become the President of Newco. The Chief Financial Officer of Newco will be selected jointly by Mylan and Pfizer following a search initiated by Mylan.

Risk Factors (see “Risk Factors” beginning on page 36).

You should carefully consider the matters described in the section “Risk Factors,” as well as other information included in this document and the other documents to which they have been referred.

Regulatory Approvals (see “The Transactions—Regulatory Approvals Related to the Combination” beginning on page 84).

Under the HSR Act and related rules, the Combination may not be completed until the parties have filed Notification and Report forms with the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (the “FTC”) and the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice (the “Antitrust Division”), and observed a specified statutory waiting period. Pfizer and Mylan filed Notification and Report forms with the FTC and the Antitrust Division on September 6, 2019. On October 7, 2019, Pfizer and Mylan each received a request for additional information from the FTC relating to the Combination. The effect of these requests, which were issued under the HSR Act, is to extend the waiting period imposed by the HSR Act until 30 days after Pfizer and Mylan have certified substantial compliance with the requests, unless the period is extended voluntarily by the parties or terminated earlier by the FTC. Pfizer and Mylan are also required to obtain antitrust clearance from the following antitrust authorities outside the United States as a condition precedent to the Combination (collectively, the “Required Jurisdictions”): the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, the Brazilian Administrative Council of Economic Defense, the Canadian Competition Bureau, the State Administration for Market Regulation in China, the European Commission, the Competition Commission of India, the Japan Fair Trade Commission, the Mexican Federal Economic Competition Commission, the Philippine Competition Commission, the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia, the Competition Commission of South Africa and the Turkish Competition Authority, or to observe the applicable statutory waiting period in each of those jurisdictions. In addition, if the United Kingdom were to withdraw from the European Union before the issuance of antitrust clearance by the European Commission, the parties will also be required to obtain antitrust clearance from the UK Competition and Markets Authority if it asserts jurisdiction to review the transactions. Under the Business Combination Agreement, Pfizer and Mylan may add additional jurisdictions to the list of Required Jurisdictions by mutual written agreement before the closing of the Combination. On September 26, 2019, the Philippine Competition Commission informed the parties that the thresholds for a mandatory antitrust approval are not met, rendering the transactions



 

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not notifiable under applicable law. Accordingly, the parties withdrew the filing and the condition precedent to the Combination relating to receipt of antitrust clearance from the Philippine Competition Commission has been satisfied.

In addition to the Required Jurisdictions, Pfizer and Mylan are seeking antitrust clearance from the Competition Authority of Botswana, the Superintendence of Industry and Commerce in Colombia, the COMESA (Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa) Competition Commission, the Competition Authority of Kenya, the Namibian Competition Commission, the Serbian Commission for Protection of Competition, the General Authority for Competition of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Taiwanese Competition Commission, the Anti-Monopoly Committee of Ukraine and the New Zealand Commerce Commission.

Termination (see “Business Combination Agreement—Termination, Amendment and Waiver” beginning on page 118).

The Business Combination Agreement may be terminated at any time before the closing date:

 

   

by mutual written agreement of Pfizer and Mylan;

 

   

by either Pfizer or Mylan, subject to specified qualifications and exceptions, if:

 

   

any final and non-appealable legal restraint is in effect which permanently prohibits, enjoins, restrains or otherwise makes illegal the consummation of the Separation, the Distribution, the Combination or the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation Distribution);

 

   

the closing of the Combination has not occurred on or before June 30, 2020, subject to (a) an automatic extension to September 30, 2020 if all of the conditions to closing, other than those pertaining to (i) the expiration of the waiting period under the HSR Act and other competition laws or (ii) any order or injunction prohibiting the Combination under antitrust laws (together, the “Antitrust Conditions”), have been satisfied or waived and (b) another automatic extension to December 30, 2020 if on September 30, 2020 one or both of the Antitrust Conditions have not been fulfilled but all other conditions to closing have been satisfied or waived (we refer to June 30, 2020, as so extended, as the “Outside Date”); or

 

   

the Mylan Shareholder Approval has not been obtained at the Mylan Shareholders Meeting;

 

   

by Mylan, subject to specified qualifications and exceptions, in the event of a breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or agreement on the part of Pfizer or the Upjohn Entities (as defined below under “Business Combination Agreement—Conduct of Business Pending the Combination”), such that the closing conditions in the Business Combination Agreement regarding Pfizer’s or any Upjohn Entity’s, as applicable, representations, warranties, covenants or agreements would not be satisfied, and such breach is not cured within a specified time period or is incapable of being cured before the Outside Date;

 

   

by Pfizer, subject to specified qualifications and exceptions:

 

   

in the event of a breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or agreement on the part of the Mylan Parties, such that the closing conditions in the Business Combination Agreement regarding the Mylan Parties’ representations, warranties, covenants or agreements would not be satisfied, and such breach is not cured within a specified time period or is incapable of being cured before the Outside Date; or

 

   

before receipt of the Mylan Shareholder Approval, if the board of directors of Mylan (the “Mylan Board”) has effected a Mylan Change in Recommendation (as defined below).



 

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The Separation and Distribution Agreement shall terminate immediately upon termination of the Business Combination Agreement, if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated in accordance with its terms before the time at which the Distribution occurs. After the time at which the Distribution occurs, the Separation and Distribution Agreement may not be terminated, except by an agreement in writing signed by a duly authorized officer of each of Pfizer and Newco.

Termination Fees (see “Business Combination Agreement—Termination, Amendment and Waiver—Termination Fee” beginning on page 119).

Mylan has agreed to pay to Pfizer, by way of compensation, $322 million (the “Termination Payment”), if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated as follows:

 

   

by Pfizer, before the receipt of the Mylan Shareholder Approval, if the Mylan Board has effected a Mylan Change in Recommendation;

 

   

by Pfizer, as a result of a willful breach by Mylan of its no solicitation obligations under the Business Combination Agreement and within 12 months after the date of such termination, a Competing Proposal (as defined under “Business Combination Agreement—No Solicitation by Mylan; Competing Proposal”) is consummated or Mylan enters into a definitive written agreement for a Competing Proposal (however, solely for purposes of this bullet point, all references to 15% in the definition of the term “Competing Proposal” are replaced with 50%); or

 

   

(a) by Mylan or Pfizer, if the Mylan Shareholder Approval has not been obtained upon a vote taken thereon at the Mylan Shareholders Meeting or (b) by Pfizer, as a result of a breach of Mylan of its obligation to hold the Mylan Shareholders Meeting to obtain the Mylan Shareholder Approval, and, in each case, before such termination, a Competing Proposal has been publicly announced or otherwise becomes publicly known (or, in the case of a willful breach by Mylan of its obligation to hold the Mylan Shareholders Meeting to obtain the Mylan Shareholder Approval, a Competing Proposal has been communicated to the Mylan Board), and such Competing Proposal has not been publicly withdrawn at least seven days before the Mylan Shareholders Meeting, and within 12 months after the date of such termination, any Competing Proposal is consummated or Mylan enters into a definitive written agreement for any Competing Proposal (however, solely for purposes of this bullet point, all references to 15% in the definition of the term “Competing Proposal” are replaced with 50%).

Pfizer’s Expenses (see “Business Combination Agreement—Termination, Amendment and Waiver—Pfizer’s Expenses” beginning on page 119).

If the Business Combination Agreement is terminated by either Pfizer or Mylan because the Mylan Shareholder Approval has not been obtained upon a vote taken thereon at the Mylan Shareholders Meeting, then Mylan shall pay to Pfizer all reasonable out-of-pocket costs, fees and expenses incurred by Pfizer in connection with the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby up to $96 million, but excluding all such costs, fees and expenses incurred by Pfizer before May 2, 2019. Such payment will be credited against any termination fee that is paid by Mylan to Pfizer.

Certain Adjustments (see “Separation and Distribution Agreement—Certain Adjustments” beginning on page 124).

The Separation and Distribution Agreement provides for specified adjustment payments to be made after the closing of the Distribution by Pfizer or Upjohn to the other party if and to the extent that at the closing of the Distribution the amount of Newco’s working capital as of immediately prior to the time at which the Distribution occurs is greater than or less than a specified target for such amount, as further described in the Separation and



 

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Distribution Agreement. In addition, the Separation and Distribution Agreement provides for Newco to pay to Pfizer an amount equal to Newco’s cash balance, up to a target amount, as of immediately prior to the time at which the Distribution occurs and, if applicable, cooperate with Pfizer to allow Pfizer to recover additional cash above such target amount, as further described in the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences (see “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” beginning on page 87).

The consummation of the Distribution, the Combination and certain related transactions is conditioned upon Pfizer’s receipt of the IRS Ruling and Tax Opinion, each to the effect that the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, will qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution will qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code and the Pfizer Distribution Payments will qualify as money distributed to Pfizer creditors or stockholders in connection with the reorganization for purposes of Section 361(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. Assuming that the Distribution and related transactions and the Pfizer Distribution Payments so qualify, Pfizer and its stockholders will not recognize any taxable income, gain or loss as a result of the Distribution for U.S. federal income tax purposes, except for any cash received in lieu of any fractional shares.

See “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” beginning on page 87 of this document for a more detailed description of the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Distribution.

No Appraisal Rights (see “Business Combination Agreement—No Appraisal Rights” beginning on page 100).

Neither Mylan shareholders nor Mylan Newco shareholders are entitled under Dutch law or otherwise to appraisal or dissenters’ rights related to the Mylan ordinary shares or Mylan Newco ordinary shares in connection with the Combination.

Pfizer stockholders are not entitled to appraisal rights in connection with the Separation, the Distribution or the Combination.



 

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SUMMARY HISTORICAL COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION OF THE UPJOHN BUSINESS

The following table presents summary historical combined financial information of the Upjohn Business. The combined statements of income information and the combined statements of cash flows information for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016 set forth below are derived from the Upjohn Business’s audited combined financial statements included in this document. The combined statements of income information and the combined statements of cash flows information for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and July 1, 2018 and the combined balance sheet information as of June 30, 2019 are derived from the Upjohn Business’s unaudited condensed combined financial statements included in this document. In the opinion of management, the unaudited condensed combined financial statements for the interim periods included in this document include all the normal and recurring adjustments that the Upjohn Business considers necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and operating results for these periods. The combined financial statements have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”).

The combined financial statements of the Upjohn Business include expense allocations for direct and indirect commercial and corporate costs, including certain support functions, that are provided on a centralized basis within Pfizer. Such costs include, among others, (i) certain non-product commercial costs managed by Pfizer’s commercial organization; (ii) allocations for certain platform functions that are generally provided on a centralized basis within Pfizer, such as expenses for worldwide technology, global real estate operations, legal, finance, human resources, insurance, worldwide public affairs, compliance and worldwide procurement, among others; (iii) certain manufacturing and supply costs incurred by manufacturing sites that are shared with other Pfizer business units, Pfizer’s global external supply group and Pfizer’s global logistics and support group, and other overhead costs associated with the Upjohn Business’s manufacturing (which include manufacturing variances associated with production); (iv) certain compensation and benefits and other corporate costs, such as interest income and expense and gains and losses on investments; (v) research, development and medical expenses; and (vi) restructuring charges and other costs associated with cost reduction/productivity initiatives. Pfizer does not routinely allocate these costs to any of its business units. However, as part of a Pfizer reorganization beginning in 2019, the Upjohn Business was positioned as a standalone division within Pfizer with distinct and dedicated manufacturing, marketing and other commercial activities, research and development, medical, regulatory and limited enabling functions. As a result, many of the costs for certain support functions that, prior to 2019, were provided to the Upjohn Business on a centralized basis within Pfizer have been, beginning in 2019, incurred directly by the Upjohn Business. For such costs, the combined financial information for the six months ended June 30, 2019 includes a combination of allocations to the Upjohn Business and limited directly incurred costs. Allocations are based on either a specific identification basis or, when specific identification is not practicable, proportional cost allocation methods (e.g., using third-party sales, headcount, Upjohn Business identified manufacturing costs, etc.), depending on the nature of the services and/or costs.

The summary historical combined financial information should be read in conjunction with the sections entitled “Selected Historical Combined Financial Information of the Upjohn Business” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of the Upjohn Business” and the Upjohn Business’s audited combined financial statements and accompanying notes and the Upjohn Business’s unaudited condensed combined financial statements and accompanying notes included in this document. The Upjohn Business’s historical combined financial information presented below may not be indicative of its future performance and does not necessarily reflect what the Upjohn Business’s financial position and results of operations would have been had it operated as an independent standalone company during the periods presented, including changes that will occur in its operations and capitalization as a result of the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination. See the section entitled “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business” included in this document for a further description of the anticipated changes.



 

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Statement of income data:

 

     Six Months Ended
(unaudited)
    Year Ended December 31,  
     June 30,
2019
     July 1,
2018
    2018      2017     2016  

(millions of dollars)

            

Revenues(a)

   $ 5,898      $ 6,261     $ 12,431      $ 13,359     $ 13,765  

Costs and expenses(b)

     2,224        2,520       5,336        5,604       6,009  

Restructuring charges/(credits)

     19        (10     39        (80     248  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before provision/(benefit) for taxes on income

     3,656        3,751       7,056        7,835       7,508  

Provision/(benefit) for taxes on income(c)

     184        543       925        (2,366     1,920  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income before allocation to noncontrolling interests

     3,472        3,208       6,131        10,201       5,587  

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     2        1       3        3       —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to the Upjohn Business

   $ 3,470      $ 3,207     $ 6,128      $ 10,199     $ 5,588  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance sheet data:

 

     As of June 30, 2019
(unaudited)
 

(millions of dollars)

  

Working capital

   $ 1,885  

Property, plant and equipment, less accumulated depreciation

     949  

Total assets

     17,476  

Long-term obligations(d)

     5,646  

Total liabilities

     9,162  

Total Upjohn Business equity

     8,314  

Other data:

 

     Six Months Ended
(unaudited)
     Year Ended December 31,  
     June 30,
2019
     July 1,
2018
     2018      2017      2016  

(millions of dollars)

              

Cash provided by operations

   $ 2,271      $ 2,521      $ 5,721      $ 7,397      $ 6,249  

Certain amounts may reflect rounding adjustments.

 

(a)

Pediatric exclusivity for Lyrica expired in the United States in June 2019 and multi-source generic competition began on July 19, 2019. As a result, the Upjohn Business expects a significant decline of sales of Lyrica in the U.S. beginning in the third quarter of 2019.

(b)

Excludes restructuring charges/(credits).

(c) 

In the fourth quarter of 2017, the Upjohn Business recorded an estimate of certain tax effects of the legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. For additional information see Note 7. Tax Matters accompanying the Upjohn Business’s audited combined financial statements and Note 5. Tax Matters accompanying the Upjohn Business’s unaudited condensed combined financial statements included in this document.

(d)

Defined as pension benefit obligations, net, postretirement benefit obligations, net, noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, other taxes payable and other noncurrent liabilities. The Upjohn Business did not have long-term debt for any of the periods presented.



 

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SUMMARY HISTORICAL CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION OF MYLAN

The following table presents the selected summary historical consolidated financial and operating data of Mylan as of and for each of the years in the five-year period ended December 31, 2018 and as of and for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018. The selected historical consolidated financial information as of and for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, and 2014 has been derived from Mylan’s audited consolidated financial statements. The unaudited selected historical financial information as of and for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 has been derived from Mylan’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements which include, in the opinion of Mylan’s management, all normal and recurring adjustments that are necessary for the fair presentation of the results for such interim periods and dates. The historical consolidated financial statements of Mylan are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The information set forth below is only a summary that you should read together with the audited consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes contained in Mylan’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended, as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 and for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016, and the unaudited consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes contained in Mylan’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as of and for the six months ended June 30, 2019, which are incorporated by reference into this document, and the audited consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes as of December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 and for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, and the unaudited consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes as of and for the six months ended June 30, 2018, which are not incorporated by reference into this document but which are available on Mylan’s website at www.mylan.com and on the SEC website at sec.gov. Mylan N.V. is considered the successor to Mylan Inc., and the information set forth below refers to Mylan Inc. for periods prior to February 27, 2015, and to Mylan N.V. on and after February 27, 2015.



 

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The selected historical consolidated financial information may not be indicative of the future performance of Mylan. For all years presented, the consolidated balance sheet data has been adjusted for the retrospective application of the adoption of ASU 2015-03 and 2015-17, as described in footnotes 2 and 3 below. For more information, see “Where You Can Find Additional Information” beginning on page ii of this this document.

 

    Six Months Ended
June 30,

(unaudited)
    Year Ended December 31,  
(in millions of dollars, except per share
amounts)
  2019     2018     2018     2017     2016     2015     2014  

Statements of Operations:

             

Total revenues

  $ 5,347.0     $ 5,492.8     $ 11,433.9     $ 11,907.7     $ 11,076.9     $ 9,429.3     $ 7,719.6  

Cost of sales(1)

    3,609.2       3,546.0       7,432.3       7,124.6       6,379.9       5,213.2       4,191.6  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

    1,737.8       1,946.8       4,001.6       4,783.1       4,697.0       4,216.1       3,528.0  

Operating expenses:

             

Research and development

    320.2       411.6       704.5       783.3       826.8       671.9       581.8  

Selling, general and administrative

    1,276.5       1,230.8       2,441.0       2,575.7       2,498.5       2,180.7       1,625.7  

Litigation settlements and other contingencies, net

    21.6       (30.2     (49.5     (13.1     672.5       (97.4     (32.1
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

    1,618.3       1,612.2       3,096.0       3,345.9       3,997.8       2,755.2       2,175.4  

Earnings from operations

    119.5       334.6       905.6       1,437.2       699.2       1,460.9       1,352.6  

Interest expense

    262.4       270.9       542.3       534.6       454.8       339.4       333.2  

Other expense, net

    23.7       34.5       64.9       (0.4     122.7       206.1       44.9  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes

    (166.6     29.2       298.4       903.0       121.7       915.4       974.5  

Income tax provision (benefit)

    26.9       (95.4     (54.1     207.0       (358.3     67.7       41.4  

Net loss attributable to the noncontrolling interest

    —         —         —         —         —         (0.1     (3.7
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (loss) earnings attributable to Mylan N.V. ordinary shareholders

  $ (193.5   $ 124.6     $ 352.5     $ 696.0     $ 480.0     $ 847.6     $ 929.4  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

(Loss) earnings per ordinary share attributable to Mylan N.V. ordinary shareholders:

             

Basic

  $ (0.38   $ 0.24     $ 0.69     $ 1.30     $ 0.94     $ 1.80     $ 2.49  

Diluted

  $ (0.38   $ 0.24     $ 0.68     $ 1.30     $ 0.92     $ 1.70     $ 2.34  

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding:

             

Basic

    515.3       514.4       514.5       534.5       513.0       472.2       373.7  

Diluted

    515.3       516.6       516.5       536.7       520.5       497.4       398.0  

Selected Balance Sheet data:

           

Total assets (2)(3)

  $ 31,816.9     $ 33,271.5     $ 32,734.9     $ 35,806.3     $ 34,726.2     $ 22,267.7     $ 15,820.5  

Working
capital(2)(3)(4)

    1,705.1       1,434.6       1,779.9       828.0       2,481.8       2,350.5       1,137.2  

Short-term borrowings

    26.2       225.4       1.9       46.5       46.4       1.3       330.7  

Long-term debt, including current portion of long-term debt(2)

    13,264.1       14,445.8       13,816.4       14,614.5       15,426.2       7,294.3       8,104.1  

Total equity

    11,902.8       12,208.7       12,167.1       13,307.6       11,117.6       9,765.8       3,276.0  


 

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(1)

Cost of sales includes the following amounts primarily related to the amortization of purchased intangibles from acquisitions: $804.7 million, $779.7 million, $1.61 billion, $1.44 billion, $1.32 billion, $854.2 million and $375.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018 and the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. In addition, cost of sales included the following amounts related to impairment charges to intangible assets: $69.9 million, $72.0 million, $224.0 million, $80.8 million, $68.3 million, $31.3 million and $27.7 million for six months ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018 and the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

(2) 

Pursuant to Mylan’s adoption of Accounting Standards Update 2015-03, Interest—Imputation of Interest, as of December 31, 2015, deferred financing fees related to term debt have been retrospectively reclassified from other assets to long-term debt or the current portion of long-term debt, depending on the debt instrument, on the Consolidated Balance Sheets for all periods presented. Mylan retrospectively reclassified approximately $34.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.

(3)

Pursuant to Mylan’s adoption of Accounting Standards Update 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes, as of December 31, 2015, deferred tax assets and liabilities that had been previously classified as current have been retrospectively reclassified to noncurrent on the Consolidated Balance Sheets for all periods presented. The reclassification resulted in a decrease in current assets of approximately $345.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. The reclassification resulted in a decrease in current liabilities of approximately $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.

(4)

Working capital is calculated as current assets minus current liabilities.



 

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SUMMARY UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

The following summary unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information gives effect to the Combination and related transactions, including borrowings under the Bridge Facility, and the Distribution.

The summary unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and for the year ended December 31, 2018 combine the historical unaudited condensed consolidated and the audited consolidated statements of operations of Mylan and the historical unaudited condensed combined and the historical audited combined statements of income for the Upjohn Business, respectively, giving effect to the Combination as if it had been consummated on January 1, 2018, the beginning of the earliest period presented. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet combines the historical unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet of Mylan and the historical unaudited condensed combined balance sheet of the Upjohn Business as of June 30, 2019, giving effect to the Combination as if it had been consummated on June 30, 2019. See the section entitled “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Statements” included this document for more information.

The summary unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information was prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP using the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations, with Mylan considered the accounting acquirer of the Upjohn Business. See “Accounting Treatment” beginning on page 83 of this document for more information.

The Upjohn Business’s historical combined financial statements have been derived from the consolidated financial statements and accounting records of Pfizer and include allocations for direct costs and indirect costs attributable to the operations of the Upjohn Business. These historical combined financial statements do not purport to reflect what the results of operations, comprehensive income, financial position, equity or cash flows would have been had the Upjohn Business operated as an independent standalone company during the periods presented.

The summary unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information is for informational purposes only. It does not purport to indicate the results that would have actually been attained had the Combination and the related transactions been completed on the assumed date or for the periods presented, or which may be realized in the future. To produce the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information, Mylan allocated the estimated purchase price using its best estimates of fair value. Also, as explained in more detail in the accompanying notes to the unaudited pro forma financial information, these estimates are based on the most recently available public information. To the extent there are significant changes to the Upjohn Business, the assumptions and estimates herein could change significantly. Furthermore, Newco could have reorganization and restructuring expenses as well as potential operating efficiencies as a result of combining Mylan and the Upjohn Business. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information does not reflect these potential expenses nor any related efficiencies. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information reflects only the pro forma adjustments that are factually supportable, directly attributable to the Combination and, with respect to the unaudited pro forma condensed combined statements of operations, expected to have a continuing impact on the combined results of Newco.



 

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This information is only a summary and has been derived from and should be read in conjunction with the more detailed unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information and the notes thereto, included in the section entitled “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Statements”. In addition, the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information was based on, and should be read in conjunction with, the consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes thereto, which are incorporated by reference into this document, and the Upjohn Business’s combined financial statements and accompanying notes included in this document.

 

     As of June 30, 2019  
(in millions of dollars)    (Pro Forma As Adjusted)  

Total assets

     64,213  

Short-term borrowings

     12,202  

Long-term debt

     12,590  

Total liabilities

     40,047  

Total equity

     24,166  

 

     Six months ended
June 30, 2019
     Year ended
December 31, 2018
 
(in millions of dollars, except per share amounts)    (Pro Forma As
Adjusted)
     (Pro Forma As
Adjusted)
 

Total revenues

     11,246        23,874  

Net earnings attributable to ordinary shareholders

     2,624        5,270  

Earnings per ordinary share applicable to ordinary shareholders

     

Basic

     2.18        4.37  

Diluted

     2.17        4.37  

Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding

     

Basic

     1,205.4        1,204.6  

Diluted

     1,206.6        1,206.6  


 

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SUMMARY HISTORICAL AND PRO FORMA PER SHARE DATA OF MYLAN

The following table sets forth selected historical share information of Mylan and unaudited pro forma per share information after giving effect to the Combination. Per share information for the Upjohn Business is not presented because the Upjohn Business did not have outstanding capital stock since its historical combined financial statements have been prepared on a carve-out basis. The historical consolidated financial statements of Mylan are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The information set forth below is only a summary that you should read together with the audited consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes contained in Mylan’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, as amended, and the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Mylan and the related notes contained in Mylan’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the six months ended June 30, 2019, each of which is incorporated by reference in this document. The pro forma data has been derived from the unaudited pro forma condensed consolidated and combined financial information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business included elsewhere in this document. See the section of this document entitled “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business.”

This summary historical and pro forma per share data is being presented for informational purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of per share data that would have actually been attained had the Combination been completed on the dates indicated below, or the future per share data of Newco. You should not rely on the pro forma per share data presented as being indicative of the results that would have been achieved had Mylan and the Upjohn Business been combined at the date presented or of the actual future results or financial condition of Mylan or the Upjohn Business to be achieved following the consummation of the transactions.

 

     Six Months Ended
June 30, 2019
     Year Ended
December 31, 2018
 
     Historical      Pro Forma      Historical      Pro Forma  

(Loss) earnings per common share attributable to ordinary shareholders:

           

Basic

   $ (0.38    $ 2.18      $ 0.69      $ 4.37  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted

   $ (0.38    $ 2.17      $ 0.68      $ 4.37  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding

           

Basic

     515.3        1,205.4        514.5        1,204.6  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted

     515.3        1,206.6        516.5        1,206.6  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 


 

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HISTORICAL MARKET PRICE AND DIVIDEND INFORMATION

Mylan ordinary shares are listed on the NASDAQ under the symbol “MYL.” On July 26, 2019, the last trading day before the announcement of the signing of the Business Combination Agreement, the closing price of Mylan ordinary shares was $18.46 per share. On October 24, 2019, the last practicable trading day for which information is available as of the date of this document, the closing price of Mylan ordinary shares was $18.25 per share. For information on the current price per Mylan ordinary share, you are urged to consult publicly available sources.

Market price data for Newco common stock is not available because Newco is currently a wholly owned subsidiary of Pfizer, and shares of Newco common stock do not trade separately from shares of Pfizer common stock.

Mylan Dividend Policy

Mylan has historically not paid any dividends on Mylan ordinary shares. The timing, declaration, amount and payment of any future dividends to Mylan shareholders is within the discretion of the Mylan Board of Directors. Mylan does not anticipate paying dividends in the immediate future. The terms of the Business Combination Agreement generally restrict Mylan’s ability to declare and pay dividends to Mylan shareholders during the interim period commencing from the execution of the Business Combination Agreement until the closing of the Combination. There can be no assurance that Mylan will pay any dividend in the future.

Newco Dividend Policy

Newco is currently a wholly owned subsidiary of Pfizer. As of the date of this document, there is no established trading market for Newco common stock, and shares of Newco common stock do not trade separately from shares of Pfizer common stock. It is currently anticipated that Newco will initiate a dividend of approximately 25% of free cash flow beginning the first full quarter following the consummation of the transactions. However, there can be no assurance that Newco will pay or continue to pay a dividend, and the timing, declaration, amount and payment by Newco of any dividend or distribution will be within the discretion of the Newco Board.



 

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RISK FACTORS

The following sets forth material risks related to the transactions, the Upjohn Business, the combined company’s business and the Newco common stock. You should also carefully consider the information contained or incorporated by reference in this document, including the matters addressed in the section entitled “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” contained in this document and the risks of the Mylan business discussed in Part I, Item 1A—Risk Factors in Mylan’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, as amended, and in Part II, Item 1A—Risk Factors in Mylan’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2019, each incorporated by reference in this document. Risks relating to the Upjohn Business or Mylan’s businesses are also risks that relate to the combined company. The risks described below are not the only risks that these businesses face or that the combined company will face after the consummation of the transactions. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known or that are currently expected to be immaterial may also materially and adversely affect the combined company’s business, financial condition and results of operations or the price of combined company common stock in the future. Past financial performance may not be a reliable indicator of future performance, and historical trends should not be used to anticipate results or trends in future periods.

Risks Related to the Transactions

The transactions may not be completed on the terms or timeline currently contemplated, or at all.

The consummation of the transactions is subject to the satisfaction (or, if applicable, valid waiver) of various conditions, including (a) the expiration or termination of any applicable waiting period under the HSR Act and the receipt of regulatory approvals in certain other jurisdictions, (b) the consummation of the Separation and the Distribution in accordance with the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement, (c) the effectiveness of the registration statements filed with the SEC by the parties in connection with the transactions, (d) the Mylan Shareholder Approval, (e) the absence of any legal restraint (including legal actions or proceedings pursued by U.S. state authorities in the relevant states) preventing the consummation of the transactions, (f) in the case of Pfizer’s and Newco’s obligations to consummate the transactions, (i) the consummation of the Cash Distribution in accordance with the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement and (ii) the receipt by Pfizer of the IRS Ruling and the Tax Opinion, and (g) other customary closing conditions. See “Business Combination Agreement—Conditions to the Combination.” There is no guarantee that these conditions will be satisfied (or, if applicable, validly waived) in a timely manner or at all, in which case closing of the transactions may be delayed or may not occur and the benefits expected to result from the transactions may not be achieved.

Mylan and Pfizer have expended and will continue to expend significant management time and resources and have incurred and will continue to incur significant expenses due to legal, advisory, printing and financial services fees related to the transactions. Many of these expenses must be paid regardless of whether the transactions are consummated. As a result of the conditions to closing of the transactions, some of which are dependent upon the actions of third parties, the parties cannot provide any assurance that the transactions will be consummated in a timely manner or at all.

The combined company may not realize the anticipated benefits from the transactions.

The combined company is expected to realize cost synergies, growth opportunities, and other financial and operating benefits as a result of the transactions. The combined company’s success in realizing these benefits, and the timing of their realization, depends on the successful integration of the Upjohn Business with the Mylan business. The combination of two independent businesses is a complex, costly and time-consuming process. Even if Mylan and the Upjohn Business successfully integrate, Mylan and the Upjohn Business cannot predict with certainty if or when these synergies, growth opportunities and benefits will occur, or the extent to which they actually will be achieved. For example, the benefits from the transactions may be offset by costs incurred in integrating the companies or for required capital expenditures related to the combined businesses. In addition, the

 

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quantification of synergies expected to result from the transactions is based on significant estimates and assumptions that are subjective in nature and inherently uncertain. Realization of any benefits and synergies could be affected by a number of factors beyond Mylan’s, the Upjohn Business’s or the combined company’s control, including, without limitation, general economic conditions, increased operating costs, regulatory developments and the other risks described in these risk factors. The amount of synergies actually realized in the transactions, if any, and the time periods in which any such synergies are realized, could differ materially from the expected synergies discussed in this document, regardless of whether the two business operations are combined successfully. If the integration is unsuccessful or if the combined company is unable to realize the anticipated synergies and other benefits of the transactions, there could be a material adverse effect on the combined company’s share price, business, financial condition and results of operations.

The terms of the transactions may discourage other companies from making alternative business proposals and the transactions may make future business transactions involving the combined company more difficult.

The Business Combination Agreement generally prohibits Mylan from soliciting any alternative transaction proposal during the pendency of the transactions, although in certain circumstances Mylan may make a Mylan Change in Recommendation in response to an unsolicited alternative transaction proposal that the Mylan Board determines is more favorable to Mylan and its shareholders and other stakeholders than the transactions. See “Business Combination Agreement—No Solicitation by Mylan; Competing Proposal.” The Business Combination Agreement provides that Mylan may be required to pay Pfizer a termination fee of $322 million if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated in certain circumstances, which payment might deter third parties from proposing alternative business combination proposals. The “no solicitation” provisions in the Business Combination Agreement prohibit Pfizer from soliciting any competing proposal involving the Upjohn Business as set forth in the Business Combination Agreement. See “Business Combination Agreement—No Solicitation by Pfizer; Competing Upjohn Proposal.”

In addition, certain provisions of the Tax Matters Agreement, which are intended to preserve the intended tax treatment of the Distribution and certain related transactions, may discourage, delay or prevent acquisition proposals and otherwise limit the combined company’s ability to pursue certain strategic transactions or engage in other transactions, including mergers or consolidations for a period of time following the closing of the transactions. Under the Tax Matters Agreement, the combined company will be restricted from taking certain actions for a period of time following the closing of the transactions because such actions could adversely affect the intended tax treatment of the Distribution and certain related transactions, and such restrictions could be significant. See “Additional Transaction Agreements—Tax Matters Agreement.”

Because the combined company will be a larger company than either the Upjohn Business or Mylan is currently, an acquisition of the combined company may be more expensive or more difficult than an acquisition of either the Upjohn Business or Mylan would be currently.

Costs and expenses related to the transactions could exceed amounts currently estimated and could have a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition and results of operation of the parties.

Pfizer, Mylan and Newco expect to incur a number of costs in relation to the transactions, including integration and post-closing costs, which could exceed the amounts currently estimated. There may also be further additional and unforeseen expenses incurred in connection with the transactions either due to delays or otherwise. There can be no guarantee that any benefits of the transactions that are realized will offset such costs, which could have a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition and results of operation of the companies.

 

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The calculation of the number of shares of Newco to be issued to Pfizer stockholders and Mylan shareholders in the transactions will not be adjusted if there is a change in the value of the Upjohn Business or Mylan before the Combination is completed.

The number of shares of Newco common stock to be issued to the Pfizer stockholders or the Mylan shareholders in the transactions will not be adjusted if there is a change in the value of the Upjohn Business or the value of Mylan before the closing of the transactions. Pfizer stockholders and Mylan shareholders will receive a number of shares of Newco to achieve a fixed percentage of the outstanding common stock of Newco in the aggregate pursuant to the Combination, rather than a number of shares with a particular fixed market value. As a result, the actual value of the Newco common stock to be received by Pfizer stockholders and Mylan shareholders in transactions will depend on the value of such shares at and after the closing of the Combination, which may be lower than the market value of Mylan’s ordinary shares.

Neither Pfizer stockholders nor Mylan shareholders will be entitled to appraisal rights in connection with the transactions.

Appraisal rights are statutory rights that, if applicable under law, enable stockholders to dissent from an extraordinary transaction, such as a merger, and to demand that the corporation pay the fair value for their shares as determined by a court in a judicial proceeding instead of receiving the consideration offered to stockholders in connection with the extraordinary transaction. Neither Pfizer stockholders nor Mylan shareholders are entitled to appraisal rights in connection with the Combination.

Mylan, the Upjohn Business and the combined company may have difficulty attracting, motivating and retaining key personnel and other employees in light of the transactions.

The combined company’s success after the transaction will depend in part on its ability to attract and retain key personnel and other employees. Prior to and following the transactions, employees of Mylan, the Upjohn Business and the combined company may experience uncertainty about their future roles at the combined company following the consummation of the transactions, which may impact the ability of Mylan, the Upjohn Business and the combined company to retain key personnel and other employees. Competition for qualified personnel in the pharmaceutical industry is intense. Mylan, the Upjohn Business and the combined company may lose key personnel or may be unable to attract, retain and motivate qualified individuals, or the associated costs may increase. If employees of Mylan or the Upjohn Business depart because of issues relating to the uncertainty and difficulty of integration or a desire not to become employees of the combined company after the transactions, the combined company’s ability to realize the anticipated benefits of the transactions could be reduced, and it may have a material adverse impact on the business and operations of the combined company.

The integration of the Upjohn Business with Mylan following the transactions may present significant challenges.

The combination of two independent businesses is a complex, costly and time-consuming process and there is a significant degree of difficulty inherent in the process of integrating the Upjohn Business and Mylan. These difficulties include:

 

   

the integration of the Upjohn Business’s and Mylan’s current businesses while carrying on the ongoing operations of all businesses;

 

   

diversion of management’s attention to integration matters;

 

   

the challenge of integrating the employees and business cultures of the Upjohn Business and Mylan;

 

   

retaining existing customers and suppliers, or obtaining new customers and suppliers;

 

   

risks associated with managing the larger and more complex combined company;

 

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the challenge and cost of integrating manufacturing, logistics, information technology, communications and other systems of the Upjohn Business and Mylan; and

 

   

the potential difficulty in attracting and retaining key personnel and other employees of Mylan and the Upjohn Business.

The process of integrating operations could cause an interruption of, or loss of momentum in, the activities of one or more of the combined company’s businesses. Members of senior management of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company may be required to devote considerable amounts of time to this integration process prior to and after the closing of the transactions, which will decrease the time they will have to manage the business of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company, service existing businesses, and develop new products or strategies. There is no assurance that Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company will be able to manage this integration in the manner or on the timeline currently anticipated. If senior management of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company is not able to timely and effectively manage the integration process, or if any significant business activities are interrupted as a result of the integration process, the business of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company could suffer.

If there is a delay or inability to achieve anticipated integration goals, or if senior management of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company is not able to timely and effectively manage the integration process, or if any significant business activities are interrupted as a result of the integration process, there could be a material adverse effect on the combined company’s share price, business, financial condition and results of operations after the transactions.

The historical combined financial information of the Upjohn Business may not be representative of its results if it had been operated independently of Pfizer and as a result, may not be a reliable indicator of the results that the Upjohn Business or the combined company will achieve in the future.

The Upjohn Business is currently operated through various subsidiaries of Pfizer. Consequently, the financial information of the Upjohn Business included in this document has been derived from the consolidated financial statements and accounting records of Pfizer and reflects assumptions and allocations made by Pfizer. The financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Upjohn Business presented herein may be different from those that would have resulted if the Upjohn Business had historically been operated as a standalone company or by a company other than Pfizer. For example, in preparing the financial statements of the Upjohn Business, Pfizer made an allocation of Pfizer costs and expenses that are attributable to the Upjohn Business. However, these costs and expenses reflect the costs and expenses attributable to the Upjohn Business as part of a larger organization and do not necessarily reflect costs and expenses that would be incurred by the Upjohn Business had it been operated independently, and may not reflect costs and expenses that would have been incurred by the combined company. As a result, the historical financial information of the Upjohn Business may not be a reliable indicator of the results that the Upjohn Business or the combined company will achieve in the future.

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business is not intended to reflect what actual financial condition and results of operations would have been had Mylan and the Upjohn Business been a combined company for the periods presented, and therefore these results may not be indicative of Newco’s future operating performance.

The historical financial statements contained or incorporated by reference in this document consist of the separate financial statements of the Upjohn Business and Mylan, respectively. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information presented in this document is for illustrative purposes only and is not intended to, and does not purport to, represent what the combined company’s actual results or financial condition would have been if the transactions had occurred on the relevant date. In addition, such unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information is based in part on certain assumptions regarding the transactions that

 

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Pfizer, the Upjohn Business and Mylan believe are reasonable and comply with accounting standards under the SEC rules and regulations. These assumptions, however, are only preliminary and will be updated only after the consummation of the transactions.

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information does not reflect the costs of any integration activities or transaction-related costs or incremental capital spend that Pfizer management and Mylan management believes are necessary to realize the anticipated synergies from the transactions. Accordingly, the pro forma financial information included in this document does not reflect what the combined company’s results of operations or operating condition would have been had Mylan and the Upjohn Business been a consolidated entity during all periods presented, or what the combined company’s financial condition and results of operations will be in the future.

Newco will be subject to potentially significant restrictions that could limit its ability to undertake certain corporate actions (such as stock issuances or the undertaking of a merger or consolidation) that otherwise could be advantageous.

The Tax Matters Agreement generally prohibits Newco and its affiliates from taking certain actions that could cause the Distribution and certain related transactions to fail to qualify as tax-free transactions to Pfizer and its stockholders. Furthermore, unless an exception applies, for a two-year period following the date of the Distribution, none of Newco nor any of its subsidiaries may:

 

   

engage in transactions in which Newco’s stock is acquired;

 

   

engage in certain mergers or consolidations;

 

   

discontinue the active conduct of the Upjohn Business;

 

   

sell certain assets;

 

   

redeem or repurchase any of Newco’s stock; or

 

   

amend the amended and restated certificate of incorporation of Newco (the “Newco Charter”) or take any other action affecting the relative voting rights of any of its stock or stock rights.

If Newco intends to take certain restricted actions, it must notify Pfizer of the proposal to take such action and either (a) obtain a ruling from the IRS or an unqualified opinion acceptable to Pfizer to the effect that such action will not affect the tax-free status of the Distribution and certain related transactions or (b) receive from Pfizer a waiver of such requirement. However, none of the receipt of an IRS ruling, an unqualified tax opinion or a waiver by Pfizer will relieve Newco of any responsibility to indemnify Pfizer for tax-related losses resulting from such actions.

As a result of these restrictions and indemnification obligations under the Tax Matters Agreement, the combined company may be limited in its ability to pursue strategic transactions, equity or convertible debt financings or other transactions that may otherwise be in the combined company’s best interests. See “Additional Transaction Agreements—Tax Matters Agreement” for a detailed description of these restrictions.

Additionally, both Pfizer (with respect to the Upjohn Business) and Mylan have agreed in the Business Combination Agreement to refrain from taking certain actions with respect to their business and financial affairs during the pendency of the Combination, which restrictions could be in place for an extended period of time if completion of the Combination is delayed and could adversely impact their ability to execute certain of their respective business strategies and its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. See the section entitled “Business Combination Agreement—Conduct of Business Pending the Combination” for a description of the restrictive covenants to which Pfizer (with respect to the Upjohn Business) and Mylan are subject.

 

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The Distribution could result in significant U.S. tax liabilities, and Newco may be obligated to indemnify Pfizer for any such tax liability imposed on Pfizer.

The completion of the Distribution, Combination and certain related transactions is conditioned upon the receipt by Pfizer of a private letter ruling from the IRS and an opinion of its tax counsel, each to the effect that, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, will qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution will qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code and the Pfizer Distribution Payments will qualify as money distributed to Pfizer creditors or stockholders in connection with the reorganization for purposes of Section 361(b) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Although the IRS Ruling, if received, will generally be binding on the IRS, the continuing validity of the IRS Ruling will be subject to the accuracy of the factual representations made in the ruling request. Pfizer expects to obtain the opinion of counsel described above. In rendering the Tax Opinion, Pfizer’s tax counsel will rely on (i) customary representations and covenants made by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, and (ii) specified assumptions, including an assumption regarding the completion of the Distribution, Combination and certain related transactions in the manner contemplated by the transaction agreements. In addition, Pfizer tax counsel’s ability to provide the Tax Opinion will depend on the absence of changes in existing facts or law between the date of this registration statement and the closing date of the Combination. If any of those representations, covenants or assumptions is inaccurate, tax counsel may not be able to provide the Tax Opinion and the tax consequences of the Distribution and Combination could differ from those described below. An opinion of tax counsel neither binds the IRS nor precludes the IRS or the courts from adopting a contrary position. Accordingly, notwithstanding the IRS Ruling and Tax Opinion, there can be no assurance that the IRS will not assert a position contrary to one or more of the conclusions set forth herein and if the IRS prevails in such challenge, the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, to Pfizer, Newco and the holders of Pfizer common stock could be materially different from, and worse than, the U.S. federal income tax consequences described below.

If the Distribution were determined not to qualify for tax-free treatment under Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code, Pfizer would generally be subject to tax as if it sold the Newco common stock in a transaction taxable to Pfizer, which could result in a material tax liability. In addition, each Pfizer stockholder who receives Newco common stock in the Distribution would generally be treated as receiving a taxable distribution in an amount equal to the fair market value of the Newco common stock received by the stockholder in the Distribution. See “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences.”

Even if the Distribution were otherwise to qualify as a tax-free transaction under Sections 368(a)(1)(D) and 355 of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution would be taxable to Pfizer (but not to Pfizer’s stockholders) pursuant to Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code if there were a 50 percent or greater change in ownership of either Pfizer or Newco, directly or indirectly, as part of a plan or series of related transactions that included the Distribution. For this purpose, any acquisitions of Pfizer or Newco common stock within the period beginning two years before the Distribution and ending two years after the Distribution are presumed to be part of such a plan, although Pfizer may be able to rebut that presumption. For purposes of this test, the Combination will be treated as part of a plan, but the Combination standing alone will not cause the Distribution to be taxable to Pfizer under Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code because holders immediately before the Distribution of Pfizer common stock will directly own more than 50 percent of Newco common stock following the Combination. Nevertheless, if the IRS were to determine that other acquisitions of Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock, either before or after the Distribution, were part of a plan or series of related transactions that included the Distribution, such determination could result in the recognition of a material amount of taxable gain for U.S. federal income tax purposes by Pfizer under Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Under the Tax Matters Agreement, Newco will be required to indemnify Pfizer against any taxes resulting from the Distribution or certain aspects of the Separation that arise as a result of Newco’s breach of certain

 

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representations or covenants in the Tax Matters Agreement or certain other acts or omissions by Newco or Mylan, including certain actions that could result in Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code applying to the Distribution. If Pfizer were to recognize taxable gain on the Distribution or the Separation other than as a result of a breach of a representation or covenant, or certain other actions or omissions, by Newco, Pfizer would not be entitled to indemnification from Newco under the Tax Matters Agreement and the resulting tax liability to Pfizer could have a material adverse effect on Pfizer. If Newco was required to indemnify Pfizer for taxes resulting from the Distribution or certain aspects of the Separation, that indemnification obligation could be substantial and could have a material adverse effect on the combined company, including with respect to its business, financial condition and results of operations. For a detailed description of the Tax Matters Agreement, see “Additional Transaction Agreements—Tax Matters Agreement.”

The Combination is expected to result in an ownership change for Mylan under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code, limiting Mylan’s ability to utilize its foreign tax and other U.S. credits to offset the future taxable income of the combined company.

Mylan’s ability to utilize foreign tax and other U.S. credits to offset future income could be limited if Mylan undergoes an “ownership change” within the meaning of Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code. In general, an ownership change will occur if there is a cumulative increase in ownership of Mylan stock by five percent shareholders (as defined in the Internal Revenue Code) that exceeds 50 percentage points over the lowest percentage of stock owned by such shareholders at any time over a rolling three-year period. If an ownership change does occur, Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code establishes an annual limitation on the amount of certain deferred tax assets that may be used to offset taxable income in future years. A number of complex rules apply in calculating this limitation. An ownership change for Mylan is expected to occur in the Combination. Accordingly, all or a portion of Mylan’s deferred tax assets attributable to foreign tax and other U.S. credits may become subject to this limitation and as a result thereof, the combined company’s U.S. federal income tax liability could increase and its share price, business, financial condition, and results of operations and cash flows could be adversely impacted.

The Combination could result in U.K. stamp duty becoming payable by Acquisition Sub.

It is not expected that the Mylan Merger will be treated as involving a transfer on sale of U.K. shares for U.K. stamp duty purposes (and Mylan intends to apply for confirmation of this from HM Revenue & Customs). The Asset Sale is likely to involve a transfer on sale for U.K. stamp duty purposes and accordingly, if the Combination were to be effected by way of the Asset Sale, U.K. stamp duty may arise at a rate of 0.5% on the relevant consideration (including the assumption of debt) attributable to the transfer of shares in any U.K. incorporated companies comprised in the Asset Sale.

Shareholder litigation or creditor opposition could prevent or delay the closing of the transactions or otherwise negatively impact the business and operations of Newco.

The parties may incur costs in connection with the defense or settlement of any shareholder lawsuits, or creditor opposition under Dutch law, filed in connection with the transactions. Such litigation could have an adverse effect on the business, financial condition and results of operations of Pfizer, Mylan or Newco and could prevent or delay the consummation of the transactions.

The announcement and pendency of the Combination could adversely affect the business, financial results and operations of Mylan and/or the Upjohn Business.

The announcement and pendency of the proposed Combination could cause disruptions in and create uncertainty surrounding the business of Mylan or the Upjohn Business, including affecting relationships with existing and future customers, suppliers and employees, which could have an adverse effect on the business, financial results and operations of Mylan or the Upjohn Business or the combined company, regardless of

 

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whether the proposed Combination is completed. In particular, Mylan or the Upjohn Business or the combined company could potentially lose customers or suppliers, and new customer or supplier contracts could be delayed or decreased. In addition, Mylan and the Upjohn Business have diverted, and will continue to divert, significant management resources towards the completion of the Combination, which could adversely affect the business, financial condition and future results of operations of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company.

Risks Related to the Upjohn Business

The Upjohn Business faces intense competition, and most of its products no longer have market exclusivity in its major markets. This competition could result in a decline in the Upjohn Business’s revenues and results of operations.

With the exception of Lyrica, Celebrex and Effexor in Japan, all of the Upjohn Business’s branded pharmaceutical products have lost exclusivity in major markets, and many of its products have not had exclusivity for a number of years. Therefore, most of the Upjohn Business’s branded products, as well as its generic products, face competition from generic alternatives. In June 2019, Lyrica’s pediatric exclusivity in the United States expired, and multi-source generic competition commenced in the United States on July 19, 2019. This competition will have a negative impact on its sales and results of operations. The Upjohn Business may not be successful in managing competition from non-branded generics or other alternatives, or in generally managing revenues after loss of exclusivity, and its business, financial condition, and results of operations may be materially adversely affected.

The Upjohn Business’s ability to sustain its sales and profitability on any given product over time is affected by the number of companies selling generic alternatives of the product and the time by which those generic alternatives receive regulatory approval. The regulatory environment in many countries has facilitated increases in the number of generic competitors and eased the process for receiving regulatory approvals to introduce generic products. For example, the regulatory approval processes for generic products in the United States and European Union exempt such generic products from costly and time-consuming clinical trials to demonstrate their safety and efficacy and rely instead on the safety and efficacy of the corresponding innovator products. As a result, manufacturers of generic products can invest far less in research and development to bring a generic alternative to the market. In addition, with the passage of the Generic Drug User Fee Act and increased funding of the Office of Generic Drugs of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”), the FDA has increased the number of generic products that it has approved, and the average time to obtain such approval has decreased. Legislation enacted in most U.S. states and certain other countries allows or, in some instances, mandates that a pharmacist dispense an available generic equivalent when filling a prescription for a branded product, in the absence of specific instructions from the prescribing physician. These laws have also encouraged the introduction of generic products.

Generic competitors are also becoming more aggressive in terms of pricing in many of the regions in which the Upjohn Business operates. In China, for example, the Upjohn Business faces strong competition from certain generic manufacturers, which may result in price cuts and volume loss on some of the Upjohn Business’s products. The Upjohn Business also faces competition in the United States, the European Union and other mature markets that have a robust generics market and favorable regulatory conditions for generics.

All of the Upjohn Business’s products also face potential competition from products that may be developed in the future that could render its products uncompetitive or obsolete. For example, companies may develop medicines that treat the same indications targeted by the Upjohn Business’s products, and these medicines could be more effective than the Upjohn Business’s or patients and physicians could prefer these medicines over the Upjohn Business’s. The introduction of these new competing products could also have a negative impact on the sales of the Upjohn Business’s products and its results of operations.

 

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Other factors in the pharmaceutical industry that could affect the competition that the Upjohn Business faces include:

 

   

the strength of the Upjohn Business’s competitors, including their reputation, financial resources and product offerings;

 

   

the markets in which the Upjohn Business competes or intends to enter, including the competitors in a market, dynamics of a market, and the regulatory environment (and any potential changes in those markets);

 

   

vertical integration of pharmacies and large purchasing organizations;

 

   

any consolidation among distribution outlets through mergers and acquisitions and the formation of buying groups;

 

   

the willingness of the Upjohn Business’s customers, including wholesale and retail customers, to switch among products of different pharmaceutical manufacturers; and

 

   

pricing pressures by competitors and customers or changes in governmental policies with respect to pharmaceutical pricing.

The historical results of operations of the Upjohn Business include sales of certain products that had market exclusivity during the periods represented, and some of those products have since lost or will lose market exclusivity. The Upjohn Business expects that the revenue from the sales of these products will decline after loss of exclusivity (“LOE”) and, therefore, the historical results of operations of the Upjohn Business may not be indicative of future results of operations.

In 2018, revenue from Lyrica sales in the United States was approximately $3.6 billion, representing 29% of the Upjohn Business’s worldwide revenues. In June 2019, Lyrica’s pediatric exclusivity in the United States expired, and multi-source generic competition commenced in the United States on July 19, 2019. Furthermore, over the next several years, several of the Upjohn Business’s products will lose market exclusivity upon entry of generics in certain markets, including Celebrex in Japan in June 2020 and Lyrica in Japan in or before December 2022, following patent expirations in November 2019 and April 2022, respectively. In 2018, revenue from Celebrex sales in Japan was $248 million, and revenue from Lyrica sales in Japan was $718 million, representing 2% and 6% of the Upjohn Business’s worldwide revenues, respectively.

Prices of drugs often decline after they lose market exclusivity, especially once generic pharmaceutical companies (including low-cost generic producers based in China and India) receive approvals and enter the market for a given product, which intensifies competition. Consistent with sales trends following loss of exclusivity, revenue from Lyrica sales in the United States decreased significantly after the second quarter of 2019, and the Upjohn Business expects revenue from Celebrex and Lyrica sales in Japan to decrease significantly after June 2020 and December 2022, respectively. However, the Lyrica pain use patent in Japan is currently the subject of an invalidity proceeding before the Japanese Patent Office (the “JPO”) and, if the action is determined adversely to the Upjohn Business, it could result in revenue from Lyrica sales in Japan experiencing a significant decrease earlier than December 2022. The Upjohn Business may not be successful in managing post-LOE revenues or competition from non-branded generics or other alternatives, and its business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected. This could also cause the Upjohn Business’s overall net revenue and profits to decrease and have a material adverse impact on the Upjohn Business’s business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, such competition, other competition across multiple products or other declines in the Upjohn Business brands could result in a material impairment of the Upjohn Business’s long-lived assets or the acceleration of amortization or depreciation on the Upjohn Business’s long-lived assets, which may have a material adverse impact on the Upjohn’s Business, its financial condition and its results of operations.

 

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A substantial portion of the Upjohn Business’s revenues is derived from a limited number of its branded products, and, therefore, any adverse event with respect to those products could have a negative impact on the Upjohn Business’s results of operations.

The Upjohn Business derives a substantial portion of its revenue from the sales of a limited number of its branded products. For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and the year ended December 31, 2018, the Upjohn Business derived 76.8% and 75.3%, respectively, of its revenue from the sale of Lyrica, Lipitor, Norvasc, Celebrex and Viagra, its top 5 products by revenue. The Upjohn Business’s dependence on the sales of a limited number of products exposes the Upjohn Business to the risk that, if there is an adverse event with respect to any of those products, such as a manufacturing delay, a competitor product that decreases demand for the product, increased pricing pressures, manufacturing defects or quality concerns, safety concerns, counterfeiting issues or any other impacts to the positive brand reputation of the products, the Upjohn Business’s results of operations could be negatively affected.

The Upjohn Business’s success depends on its ability to attract, retain and motivate qualified personnel.

The Upjohn Business’s ability to compete in the pharmaceutical industry depends upon its ability to attract and retain highly qualified personnel. The Upjohn Business may not be able to identify qualified candidates to join its team, and it may not be successful in motivating and retaining those employees. The Upjohn Business’s industry has experienced a high rate of turnover of such personnel in recent years, particularly in China. If the Upjohn Business loses one or more of its key employees, its ability to implement its business strategy successfully could be materially adversely affected. Furthermore, replacing key employees may be difficult and may take an extended period of time because of the limited number of individuals in the Upjohn Business’s industry with the breadth of skills and experience required to commercialize pharmaceutical products successfully. Competition to hire from this limited pool is intense, and the Upjohn Business may be unable to hire, train, retain or motivate these additional key employees on acceptable terms given the competition among numerous pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies for similar personnel. The Upjohn Business also experiences competition for the hiring of scientific and clinical personnel from universities and research institutions.

In addition, certain aspects of the Upjohn Business depend on the efforts, skills, reputations and business relationships of certain key personnel who are not obligated to remain employed with the Upjohn Business. The loss of these personnel, particularly to competitors, could jeopardize the Upjohn Business’s relationships with customers and materially and adversely affect its business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

The Upjohn Business faces increased pricing pressures in key markets, including developed markets and emerging markets. Any decrease in the price, or reduction in the sales volume, of Upjohn products could have a negative effect on its results of operations.

The pharmaceutical industry has in recent years been the subject of significant publicity regarding the pricing of pharmaceutical products in the United States and elsewhere, including publicity and pressure resulting from prices charged by competitors and peer companies for new products as well as price increases by competitors and peer companies on older products that the public has deemed excessive. Any downward pricing pressure on the Upjohn Business’s products arising from social or political pressure to lower the cost of pharmaceutical products could have a material adverse impact on the Upjohn Business and its business, financial condition and results of operations.

There has also been increasing U.S. federal and state legislative and enforcement interest with respect to drug pricing, as well as from multinational organizations such as the United Nations, the World Health Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. For instance, the U.S. Department of Justice issued subpoenas to pharmaceutical companies seeking information about the sales,

 

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marketing and pricing of certain generic drugs. In addition to the effects of any investigations or claims brought against the Upjohn Business, its business, financial condition and results of operations could also be adversely affected if any such inquiries, of the Upjohn Business or of other pharmaceutical companies or the industry more generally, were to result in legislative or regulatory measures that limit the Upjohn Business’s ability to effectively price its products. Efforts by government officials or legislators to implement measures to regulate prices or payment for pharmaceutical products, including legislation on drug importation, could adversely affect the Upjohn Business if implemented. There continues to be considerable public and government scrutiny of pharmaceutical pricing and measures to address the perceived high cost of pharmaceuticals are being considered by Congress, the Presidential Administration and select states. In addition to new state transparency laws and the introduction of several federal pricing bills, we have also seen the inclusion of new pricing rules in continuing resolutions such as the treatment of authorized generics in the calculation of average manufacturer price. We expect to see continued focus in regulating pricing resulting in additional legislation that could adversely impact revenue.

Outside the United States, governments may use a variety of cost-containment measures applicable to the Upjohn Business’s pharmaceutical products, including price cuts, mandatory rebates, health technology assessments, forced localization as a condition of market access and “international reference pricing” (i.e., the practice of a country linking its regulated medicine prices to those of other countries). This international patchwork of price regulation and differing economic conditions and incomplete value assessments across countries has led to some third-party trade in the Upjohn Business products between countries and may have an adverse impact on the pricing of Upjohn products and as a result, the Upjohn Business and its business, financial condition and results of operations.

In addition, “tender systems” for pharmaceuticals, in particular generic pharmaceuticals, have been implemented in a number of significant markets in which the Upjohn Business operates in an effort to lower prices. Under such tender systems, pharmaceutical companies submit bids to be selected by the payer or the delegated governmental agency. As a result, this tendering process tends to establish lower prices for generic pharmaceutical products and increases pricing pressures on post-LOE medicines. These measures impact marketing practices and reimbursement of drugs and may further increase pressure on reimbursement margins. Certain other countries and/or payers may consider the implementation of a tender system. Failing to win tenders or the Upjohn Business’s withdrawal from participating in tenders, or the implementation of similar systems in other markets leading to further price declines, could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business and its business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Upjohn Business faces downward pricing pressure from government initiatives in China. Any decrease in the price, or reduction in the sales volume, of Upjohn products could have a negative effect on the Upjohn Business’s results of operations.

In China, pricing pressures have increased in recent years, and the Chinese government has also increased its focus on patient access and reimbursement for pharmaceutical medicines.

In China, medicines that are approved for use by the National Medical Products Administration are subject to a number of regulations and market practices which can impact patient access, including availability in hospitals, pricing and reimbursement. For example, products must participate in provincial level bidding procedures, historically without any volume guarantees, where prices are established and selected products can then be sold in local public hospitals. From the pool of products, each hospital can select which products to carry and, in some cases, additional price negotiations occur. There is also a national reimbursement drug list, updated periodically, that governs which products will be covered by public health insurance, and from August of 2019, local governments have no flexibility to make adjustments or set coverage conditions. In China, the Upjohn Business has largely been engaging in provincial bidding and negotiating with hospitals to sell its products.

In 2013, China began to implement a quality consistency evaluation process (“QCE”) for post-LOE products to improve the quality of domestically manufactured generic drugs, primarily by requiring such drugs to

 

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pass a test to assess their bioequivalence to a qualified reference drug (typically the originator drug). At the end of the first quarter of 2019, there were 99 distinct molecules in total that had passed QCE, with an additional 157 undergoing QCE registration.

In addition, volume-based tendering has been implemented in certain cities in China to significantly decrease prices for non-patented drug products. A pilot project for centralized procurement of 25 molecules that have passed QCE, including atorvastatin calcium tablets (Lipitor) and amlodipine besylate tablets (Norvasc), was launched in March 2019, covering 11 major Chinese cities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing, Shenyang, Dalian, Xiamen, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chengdu and Xian). In that pilot procurement project, the successful bidder on a particular drug collected a guaranteed portion of the purchase amount from all 11 cities. Atorvastatin, the generic molecule of Lipitor, and amlodipine, the generic molecule of Norvasc, were among the products included in the tender process. The Upjohn Business and most originator brands were not successful in the first bidding process which was finalized in December 2018 and implemented in March 2019, and those contracts mostly went to local Chinese generic companies. The first bidding process resulted in significant price cuts for the molecules included.

In July 2019, China’s government announced a plan for a nationwide expansion of the volume-based procurement project (excluding cities that are covered by the pilot project described above), which has been officially rolled out since September 2019. Under the rules of the new tender system, up to 70 percent of sales volume may be guaranteed to the lowest three bidders, which is an increase from the 50 percent of volume that was guaranteed in the pilot phase of the project. The Upjohn Business and most originator brands were not successful in the first bidding process for this expanded project, which was finalized on September 24, 2019 and will be implemented by the end of 2019 or the beginning of 2020, and those contracts mostly went to local Chinese generic companies.

The Upjohn Business expects pricing pressures on Lipitor, Norvasc, and any other of its products to increase as a result of the above-mentioned pilot project and the national volume-based procurement project, and the Upjohn Business may be unable to successfully win contracts through these centralized procurement projects in the future. The Upjohn Business has failed, and may continue to fail, to win bids due to various factors, including uncompetitive bidding price. If the Upjohn Business’s bids fail to win in these centralized procurement projects or if prices are significantly cut, the market share, revenue and profitability of the products concerned could be adversely affected. In addition, the procurement projects or other similar programs could expand in the future to include additional molecules, including those that the Upjohn Business sells. Any of these developments could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business, its financial position and its results of operations.

Furthermore, the Chinese government has discussed moving toward efforts to unify the reimbursement price between QCE-approved generic medicines and the applicable original medicines. The government currently plans to implement this universal reimbursement price initiative within the next two to three years. If this policy is implemented, the new reimbursement level will likely be lower than the current reimbursement level for the Upjohn Business’s products, placing additional pressures on price and/or patient copay. There remains uncertainty as to whether, when and how this policy may be officially implemented. The Chinese government could also enact other policies that may increase pricing pressures or have the effect of reducing the volume of sales available to the Upjohn Business’s products. This potential policy, and any other policies like it that could increase pricing and copay pressures on the Upjohn Business’s drug products in China, could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business and its business, financial condition and results of operations.

If the Upjohn Business fails to maintain a positive reputation or is unable to conduct effective marketing, many aspects of the Upjohn Business and its prospects could be adversely affected.

The Upjohn Business believes that market awareness and recognition of its brands have contributed significantly to the success of its business. The Upjohn Business also believes that maintaining and enhancing these brands, especially market perceptions of the safety and quality of its products, is critical to maintaining its

 

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competitive advantage, particularly given that most of its branded products have lost exclusivity in major markets. The reputation of the Upjohn Business’s brands is particularly critical in greater China and promotion-sensitive emerging market countries, which are critical to its growth strategies, where the Upjohn Business currently benefits from consumer preference for branded products over non-branded generics. If any of the Upjohn Business’s products or similar products that other companies distribute are subject to market withdrawal or recall or are proven to be, or are claimed to be, harmful to patients, then this could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business, its business, financial condition and results of operations. Also, because the Upjohn Business is dependent on market perceptions, negative publicity associated with product quality, illness or other adverse effects resulting from, or perceived to be resulting from, the Upjohn Business’s products could have a material adverse impact on its business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Upjohn Business’s sales and marketing efforts are anchored by promoting its products to physicians, pharmacists, clinics and hospitals. Therefore, the Upjohn Business’s sales and marketing force, whether in-house sales representatives or third-party commercial partners, must possess a relatively high level of technical knowledge, up-to-date understanding of industry trends and expertise in the relevant therapeutic areas and products, as well as promotion and communication skills. In addition, the Upjohn Business has a network of third-party commercial partners that it uses to sell its products, including Pfizer. The Upjohn Business may also expand its network of third-party commercial partners to increase its marketing efforts. It may be difficult to effectively manage the Upjohn Business’s brand reputation as the Upjohn Business has relatively limited control over these third-party commercial partners. If the Upjohn Business is unable to effectively train its in-house sales representatives and third-party commercial partners or monitor and evaluate their marketing performances, the Upjohn Business’s sales and marketing may be less successful than desired.

While the Upjohn Business will continue to promote its brands to remain competitive, the Upjohn Business may not be successful in doing so. If the Upjohn Business is unable to increase or maintain the effectiveness and efficiency of its sales and marketing activities, including investments in digital marketing initiatives and other emerging sales channels, in particular in greater China and emerging markets, or if the Upjohn Business incurs excessive marketing and promotion expenses to do so, the Upjohn Business and its business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.

A significant portion of the Upjohn Business’s operations is conducted in jurisdictions outside of the United States and is subject to the economic, political, legal and business environments of the countries in which the Upjohn Business operates.

A significant portion of the Upjohn Business’s operations is conducted in jurisdictions outside of the United States. The Upjohn Business’s international operations could be limited or disrupted by any of the following:

 

   

volatility in the international financial markets;

 

   

compliance with governmental controls;

 

   

difficulties enforcing contractual and intellectual property rights;

 

   

compliance with a wide variety of laws and regulations, such as the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the “FCPA”) and similar non-U.S. laws and regulations, including anti-corruption laws in China;

 

   

compliance with foreign labor laws;

 

   

increased use of generic medicines in the Upjohn Business’s markets;

 

   

burdens to comply with multiple and potentially conflicting foreign laws and regulations, including those relating to environmental, health and safety requirements;

 

   

changes in laws, regulations, government controls or enforcement practices with respect to the Upjohn Business and the businesses of the Upjohn Business’s customers;

 

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political and social instability, including crime, civil disturbance, terrorist activities and armed conflicts;

 

   

trade restrictions and restrictions on direct investments by foreign entities, including restrictions administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Department of the Treasury (the “Treasury Department”);

 

   

changes in tax laws and tariffs, including changes in tariffs resulting from the escalation of trade tensions between China and the United States;

 

   

the end result of any negotiations between the U.K. government and the E.U. regarding the terms of the U.K.’s exit from the E.U., which could have implications on the commercial and general business operations of the Upjohn Business in the U.K. and the E.U., including the supply of products;

 

   

costs and difficulties in staffing, managing and monitoring international operations; and

 

   

longer payment cycles and increased exposure to counterparty risk.

Furthermore, the multinational nature of the Upjohn Business subjects it to potential risks that various taxing authorities may challenge the pricing of its cross-border arrangements and subject it to additional tax, adversely impacting its effective tax rate and the Upjohn Business’s tax liability.

In addition, international transactions may involve increased financial and legal risks due to differing legal systems, requirements and customs. These requirements may prohibit the import or export of certain products and technologies or may require the Upjohn Business to obtain a license before importing or exporting certain products or technologies. A failure to comply with applicable laws, regulations or requirements could result in civil or criminal legal proceedings, monetary or non-monetary penalties, or both, disruptions to the Upjohn Business, limitations on its ability to import and export products and services and damage to its reputation. In addition, variations in the pricing of the Upjohn Business’s products between jurisdictions may result in the unauthorized importation of the Upjohn Business’s products between jurisdictions. While the impact of these factors is difficult to predict, any of them could materially adversely affect the Upjohn Business’s financial condition and results of operations. Changes in any of these laws, regulations or requirements, or the political environment in a particular country, may affect the Upjohn Business’s ability to engage in business transactions in certain markets, including investment, procurement and repatriation of earnings.

The Upjohn Business is subject to the FCPA, the U.K. Bribery Act, Chinese anti-corruption laws and similar worldwide anti-corruption laws, which impose restrictions on certain conduct and may carry substantial fines and penalties.

The Upjohn Business is subject to the FCPA, the U.K. Bribery Act, Chinese anti-corruption laws and similar anti-corruption laws in other jurisdictions. These laws generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from engaging in bribery or making other prohibited payments to government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business, and some have record keeping requirements. The failure to comply with these laws could result in substantial criminal and/or monetary penalties. The Upjohn Business operates in jurisdictions that have experienced corruption, bribery, payoffs and other similar practices from time to time and, in certain circumstances, such practices may be local custom. The Upjohn Business has implemented internal control policies and procedures that mandate compliance with these anti-corruption laws. However, the Upjohn Business cannot be certain that these policies and procedures will protect it against liability. There can be no assurance that the Upjohn Business’s employees or other agents will not engage in conduct that might expose the Upjohn Business to liability under anti-corruption laws. If the Upjohn Business’s employees or agents are found to have engaged in such practices, the Upjohn Business could suffer severe criminal or civil penalties, reputational harm and other consequences that could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business and its business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

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The Upjohn Business may not be able to realize the expected benefits of its investments in emerging markets.

The Upjohn Business has been taking steps to increase its presence in emerging markets, including by expanding its manufacturing presence, sales organization and product offerings in these markets. Failure to continue to maintain and expand its business in emerging markets could also materially adversely affect its business, financial condition and results of operations.

Some countries within emerging markets may be especially vulnerable to periods of local, regional or global economic, political or social instability or crisis. For example, the Upjohn Business’s sales in certain emerging market countries have suffered from extended periods of disruption due to natural disasters. Furthermore, the Upjohn Business has also experienced lower than expected sales in certain emerging market countries due to local, regional and global restrictions on banking and commercial activities in those countries. In addition, certain emerging market countries have currencies that fluctuate substantially, which may impact the Upjohn Business’s financial performance. For all these and other reasons, sales within emerging markets carry significant risks.

The Upjohn Business is subject to risk based on global and industry-specific economic conditions.

The Upjohn Business is exposed to both global and industry-specific economic conditions. While global economic conditions have been fairly stable as a whole in recent years, continued concerns about the systemic impact of potential geopolitical issues and economic policy uncertainty, particularly in areas in which the Upjohn Business operates, could potentially cause economic and market instability in the future and could adversely affect the Upjohn Business, including its financial performance. Challenging economic conditions could also adversely affect the ability of patients or payers to purchase pharmaceutical products or the ability of third-party distributors, partners, manufacturers and suppliers to buy inventory or raw materials and to perform their obligations under agreements with the Upjohn Business, any of which could disrupt the Upjohn Business’s operations.

Global efforts toward healthcare cost containment continue to exert pressure on product pricing and market access. Governments, corporations and insurance companies, which provide insurance benefits to patients, have implemented increases in cost-sharing and restrictions on access to medicines, potentially causing patients to switch to lower-cost generic products and away from branded products, delay treatments, skip doses or use less effective treatments. Any of these patient behaviors may decrease demand for the Upjohn Business’s branded products or cause the Upjohn Business to decrease its prices. Moreover, government financing pressures can lead to negative pricing pressure in various markets where governments take an active role in setting prices, access criteria (e.g., through public or private health technology assessments) or other means of cost control. Examples include China, Europe, Japan, Canada, Saudi Arabia and a number of other international markets. The United States continues to maintain competitive insurance markets, but has also seen significant increases in patient cost-sharing and growing government influence as government programs continue to grow as a source of coverage, which may increase negative pricing pressure in that market. The Upjohn Business’s success in the United States depends in large part on insurance coverage of its products. If large insurers cease to cover the Upjohn Business’s products, its business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially adversely affected.

Changes in China’s economic, political and social conditions, as well as government policies, could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business, its financial condition and its results of operations.

A substantial portion of the Upjohn Business’s revenue is derived from its businesses in China and the Upjohn Business’s current global headquarters are located in Shanghai, China. In the six months ended June 30, 2019 and in the year ended December 31, 2018, approximately 22% and 19% of the Upjohn Business’s revenue was generated in its Greater China business segment, respectively. Accordingly, the Upjohn Business’s financial condition and results of operations are, to a material extent, affected by economic, political and legal

 

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developments in China. China’s economy differs from the economies of developed countries in many respects, including, among others, the degree of government involvement, investment control, level of economic development, growth rate, foreign exchange controls and resource allocation. In addition, any litigation in China may be protracted and result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention. Some of the other risks related to doing business in China include:

 

   

the Chinese government exerts substantial influence over the manner in which the Upjohn Business must conduct its business activities;

 

   

restrictions on currency exchange may limit the Upjohn Business’s ability to receive and use its cash effectively;

 

   

the Upjohn Business may face increased uncertainties related to the enforcement of intellectual property rights;

 

   

the Chinese government may favor local businesses and make it more difficult for foreign businesses to operate in China on an equal footing, or generally;

 

   

the Upjohn Business may face increased uncertainties related to the enforcement of contracts with certain parties; and

 

   

more restrictive rules on foreign investment could adversely affect the Upjohn Business’s ability to expand its operations in China.

As a result of the Upjohn Business’s operations in China, these risks could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business, its business, financial condition and results of operations.

Although China’s economy has been transitioning to an increasingly market-oriented economy for more than three decades, a substantial portion of productive assets in China are still owned or operated by the Chinese government. The Chinese government is also involved in allocating resources, controlling payments of foreign currency-denominated obligations, setting monetary policy and providing preferential treatment to particular industries or companies. In recent years, the Chinese government has implemented measures emphasizing the utilization of market forces, the reduction of state ownership of productive assets and the establishment of sound corporate governance practices in business enterprises. Some of these measures benefit the overall Chinese economy, but may materially and adversely affect the Upjohn Business. For example, the Upjohn Business’s financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected by government policies on the pharmaceutical industry in China or changes in tax regulations applicable to the Upjohn Business. If the market condition in China deteriorates, or if trade relations between China and the United States deteriorate, the Upjohn Business may be materially and adversely affected.

The pharmaceutical industry in China is highly regulated, and such regulations are subject to change, which may affect approval and commercialization of the Upjohn Business products.

The pharmaceutical industry in China is subject to comprehensive government regulation and supervision. In recent years, the regulatory framework in China regarding the pharmaceutical industry has undergone significant changes, which are expected to continue. While it is believed that the Upjohn Business’s strategies regarding pharmaceutical research, development, manufacturing and commercialization in China are aligned with the Chinese government’s policies, they may in the future diverge, requiring a change in such strategies. Any such change may result in increased compliance costs on the Upjohn Business or cause delays in or prevent the successful research, development, manufacturing or commercialization of the Upjohn Business products in China and reduce the current benefits that are available to the Upjohn Business from developing and manufacturing drugs in China.

Chinese authorities have become increasingly vigilant in enforcing laws in the pharmaceutical industry. Any failure by the Upjohn Business or its partners to maintain compliance with applicable laws and regulations or

 

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obtain and maintain required licenses and permits may result in the suspension or termination of Upjohn Business’s activities in China.

There are uncertainties regarding the interpretation and enforcement of the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”)’s laws, rules and regulations.

A substantial portion of the Upjohn Business is conducted in China through its Chinese subsidiaries, which are governed by PRC laws, rules and regulations. Such subsidiaries are subject to laws, rules and regulations applicable to foreign investment in China. The PRC legal system is a civil law system based on written statutes. Unlike the common law system, prior court decisions may be cited for reference but have limited precedential value.

In 1979, the PRC government began to promulgate a comprehensive system of laws, rules and regulations governing economic matters in general. The overall effect of legislation over the past four decades has significantly enhanced the protections afforded to various forms of foreign investment in China. However, China has not developed a fully integrated legal system, and recently enacted laws, rules and regulations may not sufficiently cover all aspects of economic activities in China or may be subject to significant degrees of interpretation by PRC regulatory agencies. In particular, because these laws, rules and regulations are relatively new and often give the relevant regulator significant discretion in how to enforce them, and because of the limited number of published decisions and the nonbinding nature of such decisions, the interpretation and enforcement of these laws, rules and regulations involve uncertainties and can be inconsistent and unpredictable. In addition, the PRC legal system is based in part on government policies and internal rules, some of which are not published on a timely basis or at all, and which may have a retroactive effect. As a result, the Upjohn Business may not be aware of its violation of these policies and rules until after the occurrence of the violation.

In addition, any administrative and court proceedings in the PRC may be protracted, resulting in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention. Since PRC administrative and court authorities have significant discretion in interpreting and implementing statutory and contractual terms, it may be more difficult than in more developed legal systems to evaluate the outcome of administrative and court proceedings and the level of legal protection the Upjohn Business enjoys in China. These uncertainties may impede the ability of the Upjohn Business to enforce the contracts it has entered into and could materially and adversely affect the Upjohn Business, its financial condition and its results of operations.

Foreign exchange rate fluctuations and potential currency controls affect the Upjohn Business’s results of operations, as reported in the Upjohn Business’s financial statements.

The Upjohn Business conducts operations in many areas of the world, involving transactions denominated in a variety of currencies. In the year ended December 31, 2018 and the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Upjohn Business generated approximately 55% and 56%, respectively, of its revenues in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, principally the Chinese renminbi, the Japanese yen, the Korean won, the euro and approximately 53 other currencies. The Upjohn Business is subject to currency exchange rate risk to the extent that its costs are denominated in currencies other than those in which it earns revenues. In addition, because the Upjohn Business’s financial statements are reported in U.S. dollars, changes in currency exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and other currencies have an impact on the Upjohn Business’s results of operations.

The Upjohn Business also faces risks arising from currency devaluations and the imposition of cash repatriation restrictions and exchange controls. Currency devaluations result in a diminished value of funds denominated in the currency of the country instituting the devaluation. Cash repatriation restrictions and exchange controls may limit the Upjohn Business’s ability to convert foreign currencies into U.S. dollars or to remit dividends and other payments by its foreign subsidiaries or businesses located in or conducted within a country imposing restrictions or controls. While the Upjohn Business currently has no need, and does not intend, to repatriate or convert cash held in countries that have significant restrictions or controls in place, should the

 

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Upjohn Business need to do so to fund its operations, it may be unable to repatriate or convert such cash, or unable to do so without incurring substantial costs.

The Upjohn Business earns a significant portion of its revenue in Renminbi. The value of the Renminbi against the U.S. dollar and other currencies may fluctuate and is affected by, among other things, changes in political and economic conditions and the foreign exchange policy proposed or adopted by the China, U.S. and other non-U.S. governments. It is difficult to predict how market forces or U.S., China and other non-U.S. government policies may impact the exchange rate of Renminbi and the U.S. dollar or any other currencies in the future. There remains significant international pressure on the Chinese government to adopt a more flexible currency policy, including from the U.S. government, which designated China as a “currency manipulator” in August 2019, which could result in greater fluctuation of the Renminbi against the U.S. dollar. The Chinese government, through the State Administration for Foreign Exchange of China (“SAFE”) and other government agencies, regulates conversion of Renminbi into foreign currencies. Under China’s foreign exchange regulations, payments of current account items, including dividend payments, interest payments and expenditures from trade, are freely exchangeable into foreign currencies without prior government approval, provided that certain procedural requirements are met. However, the Chinese government may limit the foreign exchange under the payments of current account items in the future.

Conversion of currency in the “capital account” (e.g., capital items such as direct investments or loans) requires the approval of SAFE or its local branches. These limitations could materially and adversely affect the ability of the Upjohn Business’s Chinese operating subsidiaries and affiliated companies to obtain foreign currencies through equity financing or for capital expenditures, therefore impeding the Upjohn Business’s overall business operations.

Manufacturing problems and capacity imbalances may cause product launch delays, inventory shortages, recalls or unanticipated costs.

In order for the Upjohn Business to sell its products, it must be able to produce and ship sufficient quantities to meet current demand. The Upjohn Business has a global manufacturing network consisting of eight manufacturing facilities located in seven countries. The Upjohn Business also employs a network of approximately 54 contract manufacturing organizations. Many of the Upjohn Business’s products involve complex manufacturing processes and are sourced from only one manufacturing site.

Deviations in the Upjohn Business’s manufacturing processes, such as temperature excursions or improper package sealing, even if minor, could result in delays, inventory shortages, unanticipated costs, product recalls, product liability and/or regulatory action. In addition, a number of factors could cause production interruptions, including:

 

   

the failure of the Upjohn Business or any of the Upjohn Business’s vendors, suppliers or other third parties to comply with applicable regulations and quality assurance guidelines;

 

   

construction delays;

 

   

equipment malfunctions;

 

   

shortages of materials;

 

   

labor problems;

 

   

natural disasters;

 

   

cybersecurity issues and cyberattacks;

 

   

power outages;

 

   

export or import restrictions;

 

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civil or political unrest;

 

   

terrorist activities;

 

   

changes in manufacturing production sites and limits to manufacturing capacity due to regulatory requirements, changes in types of products produced, shipping distributions or physical limitations; and

 

   

the outbreak of any highly contagious diseases near the Upjohn Business’s production sites.

These interruptions could result in launch delays, inventory shortages, recalls, unanticipated costs or issues with the Upjohn Business’s agreements under which it supplies third parties, which may adversely affect the Upjohn Business’s results of operations. The Upjohn Business has experienced supply shortages with respect to its products in the past, and the Upjohn Business may experience similar shortages in the future. Any such shortages may adversely affect the Upjohn Business’s results of operations.

In addition, regulatory agencies periodically inspect the Upjohn Business’s drug manufacturing facilities to evaluate compliance with applicable current good manufacturing practice (“cGMP”) requirements. Failure to comply with these requirements may subject the Upjohn Business to possible legal or regulatory actions, such as warning letters, suspension of manufacturing, seizure of product, civil injunctions, criminal proceedings, debarment, voluntary recall of a product or failure to secure product approvals, any of which could have a material adverse effect on the Upjohn Business, its financial condition and its results of operations.

Moreover, the Upjohn Business’s manufacturing network may be unable to meet the demand for the Upjohn Business’s products or the Upjohn Business may have excess capacity if demand for its products changes. The Upjohn Business’s strategy depends in part on its ability to drive volume growth and capture growth opportunities in its target markets. The unpredictability of a product’s regulatory or commercial success or failure, the lead time necessary to construct highly complex manufacturing sites and shifting customer demand (including as a result of market conditions or entry of branded or generic competition) increase the potential for capacity imbalances. In addition, construction of sites is expensive, and the Upjohn Business’s ability to recover costs will depend on the market acceptance and success of the products produced at the new sites, which is uncertain. Supply may also not be sufficient to meet the growing demand in certain markets. Any of these factors could materially adversely affect the Upjohn Business, its financial condition and results of operations. In addition, Newco will enter into the Manufacturing and Supply Agreements, pursuant to which Newco will manufacture and supply certain products to Pfizer on an interim, transitional basis. See “Additional Transaction Agreements—Manufacturing and Supply Agreements.”

Newco may incur substantial costs and be subject to adverse outcomes in litigation and other legal matters.

The Upjohn Business is or may become the subject of various legal proceedings, including product liability, personal injury, consumer, off-label promotion, securities, antitrust and breach of contract claims; commercial, environmental, government investigations, employment, and tax litigation; and other legal proceedings that arise from time to time in the ordinary course of its business. Litigation and other legal proceedings are inherently unpredictable, and excessive verdicts and judgments do occur. Although Newco believes that it has or may have meritorious defenses in these matters, it could in the future incur judgments, enter into settlements of claims or revise its expectations regarding the outcomes of certain matters, and such developments could have a material adverse effect on its results of operations in the period in which the amounts are accrued and/or its cash flows in the period in which the amounts are paid. For more information regarding legal proceedings involving the Upjohn Business, see the section titled “Information about the Upjohn Business—Legal Proceedings”

Like other pharmaceutical companies, the Upjohn Business is subject to investigations and extensive regulation by government agencies in the Unites States, China and other developed markets and emerging markets in which it operates. As a result, the Upjohn Business has interactions with government agencies on an ongoing basis. Criminal charges, substantial fines and/or civil penalties, limitations on the Upjohn Business’s ability to conduct business in applicable jurisdictions, as well as reputational harm and increased public interest in the matter could result from government investigations.

 

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The Upjohn Business’s activities relating to the sale and marketing and the pricing of its products are subject to extensive regulation under the U.S. Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Medicaid Drug Rebate Program, the FCPA, the Federal Drug Supply Chain Security Act in the United States, the Falsified Medicines Directive in the European Union and several other such regulations in other countries that require the Upjohn Business to develop electronic systems to serialize, track, trace and authenticate units of its products through the supply chain and distribution system, the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 and the related regulations administered by the Drug Enforcement Agency in the United States and other federal and state statutes, as well as anti-kickback and false claims laws, and similar laws in China and other jurisdictions. Like many companies in its industry, the Upjohn Business has from time to time received inquiries and subpoenas and other types of information demands from government authorities, and been subject to claims and other actions related to its business activities brought by governmental authorities, as well as by consumers and private payers. The Upjohn Business may incur significant expense, civil payments, fines and other adverse consequences as a result of these claims, actions and inquiries. For example, these claims, actions and inquiries may relate to alleged failures to accurately interpret or identify or prevent non-compliance with the laws and regulations associated with the dissemination of product information (approved and unapproved), potentially resulting in government enforcement and damage to the Upjohn Business’s reputation. This risk may be heightened by digital marketing, including social media, mobile applications and blogger outreach.

The Upjohn Business is subject to complex environmental, health and safety laws and regulations.

The Upjohn Business is subject to various federal, state, local and international environmental, health and safety laws and regulations. These laws and regulations govern matters such as the emission and discharge of hazardous materials into the ground, air or water; the generation, use, storage, handling, treatment, packaging, transportation, exposure to, and disposal of hazardous and biological materials, including record keeping, reporting and registration requirements; climate change; and the health and safety of the Upjohn Business employees. These laws and regulations also require the Upjohn Business to obtain, and comply with, permits, registrations or other authorizations issued by governmental authorities. These authorities can modify or revoke the Upjohn Business’s permits, registrations or other authorizations and can enforce compliance through fines and injunctions.

Given the nature of the Upjohn Business, the Upjohn Business may incur liabilities under the United States Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (“CERCLA”), or under other federal, state, local and international environmental cleanup laws, with respect to Upjohn Business sites, adjacent or nearby third-party sites, or offsite disposal locations. The costs associated with future cleanup activities that the Upjohn Business may be required to conduct or finance could be material. Additionally, the Upjohn Business may become liable to third parties for damages, including personal injury and property damage, resulting from the disposal or release of hazardous materials into the environment. Such liability could materially adversely affect the Upjohn Business’s operating results and financial condition.

The Upjohn Business’s failure to comply with the environmental, health and safety laws and regulations to which it is subject, including any permits issued thereunder, may result in environmental remediation costs, loss of permits, fines, penalties or other sanctions, adverse governmental or private actions, including regulatory or judicial orders enjoining or curtailing operations or requiring corrective measures, installation of pollution control equipment or other remedial measures. The Upjohn Business could also be held liable for any and all consequences arising out of human exposure to hazardous materials or environmental damage in connection with its current, future or past operations. Environmental laws and regulations are complex, change frequently, have tended to become more stringent and stringently enforced over time and may be subject to new interpretation in the future. The costs of complying with, or liabilities under, such laws and regulations are difficult to accurately predict, and the Upjohn Business’s environmental capital expenditures and costs for environmental compliance may increase substantially in the future as a result of changes in environmental laws and regulations, the development and manufacturing of a new product or increased development or manufacturing activities at any of the Upjohn Business’s facilities. Accordingly, the Upjohn Business’s costs of complying with current and future

 

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environmental, health and safety laws, and its liabilities arising from past or future releases of, or exposure to, hazardous materials could exceed current estimates and materially adversely affect its business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Upjohn Business relies on the effectiveness of its trademarks for its branded products and a combination of other intellectual property rights to protect its business and proprietary technology, and if those trademarks or other intellectual property rights are violated or not upheld, its results of operations may be negatively affected.

The sales of the Upjohn Business’s branded products, including for a price greater than the price of generic alternatives, depends in part on the trademark for those brands. If those trademarks are violated or not upheld, and other companies begin to sell alternatives using the same name, the Upjohn Business could be negatively affected. Any challenge to, or invalidation or circumvention of, the Upjohn Business’s trademark rights could be costly, require significant time and attention of the Upjohn Business’s management, and materially adversely affect the Upjohn Business, its results of operations or its financial condition.

In the United States and other countries, the Upjohn Business currently holds issued trademark registrations and has trademark applications pending, any of which may be the subject of a governmental or third-party objection, which could prevent the maintenance or issuance of the same and thus create the potential need to rebrand or relabel a product and which could result in substantial cost, loss of brand recognition and could require the Upjohn Business to devote additional resources to advertising and marketing new brands. The Upjohn Business relies on its trademarks and brand to differentiate it from its competitors and, as a result, if it is unable to prevent third parties from adopting, registering or using trademarks and trade dress that infringe, dilute or otherwise violate its trademark rights, its business could be materially adversely affected. Even if the Upjohn Business is successful in defending the use of its trademarks or preventing third parties from infringing its trademarks, resolution of such disputes may result in substantial costs.

Although the majority of the Upjohn Business’s branded products have lost exclusivity in their major markets and are no longer protected by any patents, the Upjohn Business continues to rely on patent protection for certain of its products. The Upjohn Business still maintains market exclusivity of Celebrex in Japan until June 2020. The Upjohn Business also still maintains market exclusivity of Lyrica in Japan until December 2022. However, the Lyrica pain use patent is currently subject to an invalidity proceeding in Japan. In February 2019, the JPO issued an interim ruling finding that the claims of the Lyrica pain use patent were invalid and, in July 2019, Pfizer submitted to the JPO proposed claim amendments and objections to the JPO’s decision, which are currently under review by the JPO. A decision is anticipated in the first half of 2020. Any loss of, or legal challenge to, the validity of patent protection, including in connection with the JPO actions with respect to the Lyrica pain use patent, could result in a material adverse effect to the Upjohn Business’s business, financial condition and results of operations. The Upjohn Business additionally relies, and expects to continue to rely, on a combination of other intellectual property rights, including trademark, trade dress, copyright, trade secret and domain name protection laws, as well as confidentiality and license agreements with its employees and others, to protect its products and proprietary technology.

In addition, the Upjohn Business is party to various license and other agreements pursuant to which third parties grant the Upjohn Business certain intellectual property rights necessary for its current products. These license agreements include various payment and other obligations, and if the Upjohn Business is unable to maintain its existing license agreements or other agreements, including because such agreements expire or are terminated, the Upjohn Business would lose its ability to develop and commercialize products and technology covered by these license agreements, and its financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

If the Upjohn Business fails to obtain and maintain adequate intellectual property protection, it may not be able to prevent third parties from using its proprietary technologies or from marketing products that are very

 

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similar or identical to the Upjohn Business’s. The infringement, misappropriation or other violation of the Upjohn Business’s intellectual property, particularly in jurisdictions outside of the United States where the law may not protect the Upjohn Business’s proprietary rights as fully as in the United States (including China), may occur even when the Upjohn Business takes steps to prevent it. If a third party infringes, misappropriates or otherwise violates the Upjohn Business’s intellectual property in such a jurisdiction, the Upjohn Business may not be able to enforce its rights, obtain any meaningful remedies or otherwise protect its intellectual property effectively.

The illegal distribution and sale by third parties of counterfeit versions of Upjohn products or of stolen Upjohn products could have a negative impact on the Upjohn Business’s reputation and a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition and results of operations.

A counterfeit medicine is one that has been deliberately and fraudulently mislabeled as to its identity and source. A counterfeit Upjohn medicine, therefore, is one manufactured by someone other than the Upjohn Business, but which is offered for sale as an authentic Upjohn medicine. The prevalence of counterfeit medicines is a significant and growing industry-wide issue due to a variety of factors, including, but not limited to: the widespread use of the internet, which has greatly facilitated the ease by which counterfeit medicines can be advertised, purchased and delivered to individual patients; the availability of sophisticated technology that makes it easier for counterfeiters to make counterfeit medicines; the growing involvement in the medicine supply chain of under-regulated wholesalers and repackagers; the lack of adequate inspection at certain international postal facilities as counterfeit medicines are increasingly delivered directly to customers in small parcel packages; the tendency to misuse and abuse medicines; and the relatively modest risk of penalties faced by counterfeiters compared to the large profits that can be earned by them from the sale of counterfeit medicines. Further, laws against pharmaceutical counterfeiting vary greatly from country to country, and the enforcement of existing law varies greatly from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. For example, in some countries, pharmaceutical counterfeiting is not a crime; in others, it may result in only minimal sanctions. In addition, those involved in the distribution of counterfeit medicines use complex transport routes to evade customs controls by disguising the true source of their products.

The Upjohn Business’s global reputation makes its medicines prime targets for counterfeiting organizations. Counterfeit medicines pose a risk to patient health and safety because of the conditions under which they are manufactured – often in unregulated, unlicensed, uninspected and unsanitary sites – as well as the lack of regulation of their contents. Failure to mitigate the threat of counterfeit medicines, which is exacerbated by the complexity of the supply chain (including the Upjohn Business’s operations in China), could adversely impact the Upjohn Business, by, among other things, causing the loss of patient confidence in the Upjohn name and in the integrity of its medicines, potentially resulting in lost sales, product recalls, and an increased threat of litigation. In addition, thefts of inventory at warehouses, plants or while in transit, which are then not properly stored and which are subsequently sold through unauthorized channels could adversely impact patient safety, the Upjohn Business’s reputation and its business.

The Upjohn Business undertakes significant efforts to counteract counterfeit medicines and to secure its supply and distribution chain. However, its efforts and the efforts of others may not be entirely successful, and the presence of counterfeit medicines may continue to increase.

The Upjohn Business may suffer business disruptions as a result of cybersecurity breaches, and its third-party partners may be unable to adequately protect its customers’ privacy.

In the ordinary course of business, the Upjohn Business collects, stores and transmits large amounts of confidential information (including, but not limited to, personal information and intellectual property), and the Upjohn Business deploys and operates an array of technical and procedural controls to maintain the confidentiality and integrity of such confidential information. The Upjohn Business has also outsourced significant elements of its operations to third parties, including significant elements of its information technology

 

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infrastructure and, as a result, the Upjohn Business is managing many independent vendor relationships with third parties who may or could have access to confidential information. The size and complexity of the Upjohn Business’s information technology and information security systems, and those of its third-party vendors with whom the Upjohn Business contracts (and the large amounts of confidential information that is present on them), make such systems potentially vulnerable to service interruptions or to security breaches from inadvertent or intentional actions by the Upjohn Business’s employees or vendors, or from attacks by malicious third parties. Such attacks are of ever-increasing levels of sophistication and are made by groups and individuals with a wide range of motives (including, but not limited to, industrial espionage) and expertise, including organized criminal groups, “hacktivists,” nation states and others. As a global pharmaceutical company, the Upjohn Business’s systems are subject to frequent attacks. Due to the nature of some of these attacks, there is a risk that they may remain undetected for a period of time. While the Upjohn Business has invested in the protection of data and information technology, there can be no assurance that its efforts will prevent service interruptions or security breaches. Any such interruption or breach of its systems could adversely affect the Upjohn Business’s operations and/or result in the loss of critical or sensitive confidential information or intellectual property, and could result in financial, legal, business and reputational harm to the Upjohn Business. Furthermore, federal, state and international laws and regulations relating to data protection and privacy, including the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation and China’s Cybersecurity Law, can expose the Upjohn Business to enforcement actions and investigations by regulatory authorities, and potentially result in regulatory penalties and significant legal liability, if the Upjohn Business’s information technology security efforts fail. To the extent that any disruption or security breach were to result in a loss of, or damage to, the Upjohn Business’s data or applications, or inappropriate disclosure of confidential or proprietary information, the Upjohn Business could incur significant liability and its competitive position could be harmed. Any security compromise in the Upjohn Business’s industry, whether actual or perceived, could harm the Upjohn Business’s reputation, erode confidence in the effectiveness of its security measures, negatively affect its ability to grow the Upjohn Business or subject the Upjohn Business to third-party lawsuits, regulatory fines or other action or liability, which could harm the Upjohn Business.

U.S. healthcare or tax reform legislation could adversely affect the Upjohn Business, its financial condition or its results of operations.

There have been significant efforts at the U.S. federal and state levels to reform the healthcare system by enhancing access to healthcare, improving the delivery of healthcare and further rationalizing payment for healthcare. For example, the Upjohn Business faces uncertainties due to U.S. federal legislative and administrative efforts to repeal, substantially modify or invalidate some or all of the provisions of the U.S. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act (the “ACA”). There is additional uncertainty given the ruling in Texas v. Azar to invalidate the law as unconstitutional. At this time, the law remains in effect pending appeals of the decision. Given the outcome of the 2018 U.S. midterm elections with Democrats taking over the U.S. House of Representatives and Republicans growing their majority in the U.S. Senate, we believe it is unlikely Congress will find bipartisan consensus to advance any significant changes to the ACA until the legal process unfolds. Any future replacement, modification or repeal of the ACA may adversely affect the Upjohn Business and its financial results, particularly if the legislation reduces incentives for employer-sponsored insurance coverage. Any future healthcare reform efforts may adversely affect the Upjohn Business, its financial condition or its results of operations.

Risks Relating to the Combined Company

The combined company may not successfully acquire and integrate other businesses, license rights to technologies or products, form and manage alliances or divest businesses.

The combined company may pursue acquisitions, licensing arrangements, strategic alliances or divestitures of some of its products. Proposing, negotiating and implementing these opportunities may be a lengthy and

 

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complex process. The combined company may not be able to identify, secure, or complete any such transactions or arrangements in a timely manner, on a cost-effective basis, on acceptable terms, or at all, and such transactions may divert the attention of management from the day-to-day operation of the business. In addition, the combined company may be subject to regulatory constraints or limitations or other unforeseen factors that prevent the combined company from realizing the expected benefits. Such transactions or arrangements may also require actions, consents, approvals, waivers, participation or involvement of various degrees from third parties, such as regulators, government authorities, creditors, licensors or licensees, related individuals, suppliers, distributors, stockholders or other stakeholders or interested parties. The combined company may not obtain such required or desired actions, consent, approval, waiver, participation or involvement on a timely basis, on acceptable terms, or at all. Furthermore, partners, collaborators or other parties to such transactions or arrangements may fail to fully perform their obligations or meet the combined company’s expectations or cooperate with the combined company satisfactorily for various reasons, including risks or uncertainties related to their business and operations. There may be conflicts or other collaboration failures and inefficiencies between the combined company and the other parties.

Even if the combined company is successful in making an acquisition, the products and technologies that are acquired may not be successful or may require significantly greater resources and investments than originally anticipated. The combined company may be unable to integrate acquisitions successfully into its existing business, and the combined company may be unable to achieve expected gross margin improvements or efficiencies. The combined company also could incur or assume significant debt and unknown or contingent liabilities. The combined company’s reported results of operations could be negatively affected by acquisition- or disposition-related charges, amortization of expenses related to intangibles and charges for impairment of long-term assets. The combined company may be subject to litigation in connection with, or as a result of, acquisitions, dispositions, licenses or other alliances, including claims from terminated employees, customers or third parties, and the combined company may be liable for future or existing litigation and claims related to the acquired business, disposition, license or other alliance because either it is not indemnified for such claims or the indemnification is insufficient. These effects could cause the combined company to incur significant expenses and could materially adversely affect the combined company’s financial condition and results of operations.

In addition, certain provisions of the Tax Matters Agreement, which are intended to preserve the intended tax treatment of the Distribution and certain related transactions, may discourage, delay or prevent acquisition proposals and otherwise limit the combined company’s ability to pursue certain strategic transactions or engage in other transactions, including mergers or consolidations for a period of time following the closing of the transactions. Under the Tax Matters Agreement, the combined company will be restricted from taking certain actions for a period of time following the transactions because such actions could adversely affect the intended tax treatment of the Distribution and certain related transactions, and such restrictions could be significant. See “Additional Transaction Agreements—Tax Matters Agreement.”

The combined company will have a substantial amount of indebtedness following the transactions, which could materially adversely affect its financial condition.

The combined company’s level of indebtedness could have important consequences, including but not limited to:

 

   

increasing the combined company’s vulnerability to adverse economic and industry conditions;

 

   

requiring the combined company to dedicate a substantial portion of its cash flow from operations to make debt service payments, thereby reducing the availability of cash flow to fund working capital, capital expenditures, dividends, acquisitions and investments and other general corporate purposes;

 

   

limiting the combined company’s flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, challenges and opportunities, and changes in the combined company’s businesses and the markets in which the combined company operates;

 

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limiting the combined company’s ability to obtain additional financing to fund its working capital, capital expenditures, dividends, acquisitions and debt service requirements and other financing needs;

 

   

increasing the combined company’s vulnerability to increases in interest rates in general because a substantial portion of the combined company’s indebtedness is expected to bear interest at floating rates; and

 

   

placing the combined company at a competitive disadvantage to its competitors that have less debt.

The combined company’s ability to service its indebtedness will depend on its future operating performance and financial results, which will be subject, in part, to factors beyond its control, including interest rates and general economic, financial and business conditions. If the combined company does not have sufficient cash flow to service its indebtedness, it may need to refinance all or part of its indebtedness, borrow more money or sell securities or assets, some or all of which may not be available to the combined company at acceptable terms or at all. In addition, the combined company may need to incur additional indebtedness in the future. Although the terms of the combined company’s indebtedness are expected to allow the combined company to incur additional debt, this would be subject to certain limitations which may preclude the combined company from incurring the amount of indebtedness it otherwise desires.

In addition, although the combined company is expected to maintain an investment grade credit rating, a downgrade in the credit rating of the combined company or any indebtedness of the combined company or its subsidiaries could increase the cost of further borrowings or refinancings of such indebtedness, limit access to sources of financing in the future or lead to other adverse consequences.

If the combined company incurs additional debt, the severity of the risks described above could increase. If global credit markets contract, future debt financing may not be available to the combined company when required or may not be available on acceptable terms or at all, and as a result the combined company may be unable to grow its business, take advantage of business opportunities, respond to competitive pressures or satisfy its obligations under its indebtedness. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on the combined company’s business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or share price.

The combined company’s outstanding indebtedness following the consummation of the transactions and any additional indebtedness the combined company incurs in the future may impose significant operating and financial restrictions on the combined company. These restrictions may limit the combined company’s ability to, among other things, incur additional indebtedness, make investments, pay certain dividends, merge, consolidate or sell all or substantially all of its assets, incur certain liens and enter into agreements with its affiliates. In addition, the company’s outstanding indebtedness may require the company to maintain specified financial ratios. A breach of any of these covenants or the combined company’s inability to maintain the required financial ratios could result in a default under the related indebtedness. If a default occurs, the relevant lenders could elect to declare the combined company’s indebtedness, together with accrued interest and other fees, to be immediately due and payable. These factors could have a material adverse effect on the combined company’s business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or share price.

The ability of the combined company to raise additional capital for future needs will impact the combined company’s ability to compete.

The combined company’s credit ratings will be based upon information furnished by Pfizer, Mylan or the combined company or obtained by a rating agency from its own sources and are subject to revision, suspension or withdrawal by one or more rating agencies at any time. Rating agencies may review the ratings assigned to the combined company due to developments that are beyond the combined company’s control, including as a result of new standards requiring the agencies to reassess rating practices and methodologies.

If changes in the combined company’s credit ratings were to occur, it could result in higher interest costs under the combined company’s credit facilities. It would also cause the combined company’s borrowing costs to

 

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increase and could limit the combined company’s access to capital markets. Any downgrades could negatively impact the perception of the combined company by lenders and other third parties. In addition, certain of the combined company’s major contracts are expected to provide customers with a right of termination in certain circumstances in the event of a rating downgrade below investment grade.

The combined company could suffer additional losses due to asset impairment charges.

The combined company is expected to have significant amounts of goodwill and intangible assets on its balance sheet. Mylan tests, and the combined company is expected to test, goodwill for impairment during the second quarter of every fiscal year, and on an interim date should events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350 “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.” If the fair value of a reporting unit is revised downward due to declines in business performance or other factors, an impairment under ASC 350 could result and a non-cash charge could be required. Mylan tests, and the combined company is expected to test, intangible assets with finite lives for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. This assessment of the recoverability of finite-lived intangible assets could result in an impairment and a non-cash charge could be required. Such impairments could materially affect the combined company’s reported net earnings.

Unanticipated changes in the combined company’s tax provisions or exposure to additional income tax liabilities and changes in income tax laws and tax rulings may have a significant adverse impact on the combined company’s effective tax rate and income tax expense.

The combined company is subject to income taxes in many jurisdictions. Significant analysis and judgment are required in determining the combined company’s worldwide provision for income taxes. In the ordinary course of business, there are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. The final determination of any tax audits or related litigation could be materially different from the combined company’s income tax provisions and accruals.

Additionally, changes in the combined company’s effective tax rate as a result of a change in the mix of earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates, changes in the combined company’s overall profitability, changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, the results of audits and the examination of previously filed tax returns by taxing authorities, changes in tax laws or their interpretation and continuing assessments of the combined company’s tax exposures could impact the combined company’s tax liabilities and affect its income tax expense, which could have a material adverse effect on the combined company’s business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or share price.

If the intercompany terms of cross border arrangements that the combined company has among its subsidiaries are determined to be inappropriate or ineffective, its tax liability may increase.

The combined company has potential tax exposures resulting from the varying application of statutes, regulations, and interpretations which include exposures on intercompany terms of cross-border arrangements among its subsidiaries (including intercompany loans, sales, and services agreements) in relation to various aspects of its business, including manufacturing, marketing, sales, and delivery functions. Although the combined company believes its cross-border arrangements among its subsidiaries are based upon internationally accepted standards and applicable law, tax authorities in various jurisdictions may disagree with and subsequently challenge the amount of profits taxed in their country, which may result in increased tax liability, including accrued interest and penalties, which would cause the combined company’s tax expense to increase and could have a material adverse effect on the combined company’s business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and/or share price.

 

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The combined company may be adversely affected by disruptions in the credit markets, including disruptions that reduce customers’ access to credit and increase the costs to customers of obtaining credit.

The credit markets have historically been volatile and therefore it is not possible to predict the ability of the combined company’s customers to access short-term financing and other forms of capital. If a disruption in the credit markets were to occur, the combined company could be unable to refinance its outstanding indebtedness on reasonable terms or at all. Such a disruption could also pose a risk to the combined company’s business if customers or suppliers are unable to obtain financing to meet payment or delivery obligations to the combined company. In addition, customers may decide to downsize, defer or cancel contracts which could negatively affect revenue of the combined company.

Further, assuming that the combined company incurs $12 billion of floating rate debt in connection with the transactions, the combined company would have had $13.5 billion of floating rate debt as of June 30, 2019, on a pro forma basis giving effect to the transaction and the Financing. A one percentage point increase in the average interest rate of this debt would increase the combined interest expense by approximately $135 million per year. Accordingly, a spike in interest rates would adversely affect the combined company’s results of operations and cash flows. See the section of this document entitled “Description of Financing” for more information on the Financing.

The combined company will assume or retain certain material obligations relating to defined benefit pension and termination benefits and retiree medical and dental benefits associated with current and former employees of the Upjohn Business and/or sponsored by the Upjohn Entities. These liabilities and the related future funding obligations could restrict cash available for operations of the combined company, capital expenditures and other requirements, and may materially adversely affect the financial condition and liquidity of the combined company.

Pursuant to the Employee Matters Agreement, the Newco Group (as defined below under “Separation and Distribution Agreement—Overview”) will retain all liabilities relating to the Puerto Rico defined benefit pension plans and Pfizer Puerto Rico Retiree Medical and Dental Plan. In addition, with respect to non-U.S. defined benefit pension and termination benefit plans, Newco will generally establish or designate plans similar to the Pfizer plans to assume assets and liabilities for the benefit of current and former employees of the Upjohn Business. The Newco Group will also retain liabilities for current employees of the Upjohn Business who participate in the Japan defined benefit pension plan and will assume liabilities in respect of current employees of the Upjohn Business under the Pfizer Canada ULC Post-Retirement Benefit Plan.

Each of these liabilities and the related future payment obligations could restrict cash available for operations of the combined company, capital expenditures and other requirements, and may materially affect the financial condition and liquidity of the combined company.

The combined company could incur operational difficulties or losses if Pfizer were unable to perform under the agreements entered into as part of the Separation or if the combined company is required to make payments to Pfizer pursuant to indemnities agreed to as part of the transactions.

In connection with the Separation, Newco will, before the closing of the transactions, enter into several agreements with Pfizer or its subsidiaries, including among others, the Transition Services Agreements and the Manufacturing and Supply Agreements, which in general provide for the performance of certain services or obligations by each of Pfizer and Newco for the benefit of each other for a transitional period following the Separation. See “Additional Transaction Agreements.” If either party is unable to satisfy its obligations under such agreements in a timely manner or at all, or if the transitional agreements fail to provide for or cover certain essential services needed by Newco during the transitional period, there is limited recourse for Mylan and Newco could incur operational difficulties or losses or face liability that could have a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition and results of operations of the combined company. Since Newco will be reliant on

 

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Pfizer for such services during the transitional period, any interruption, disruption or breach of Pfizer’s systems relating to such services, including information technology and information security systems, could have a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition and results of operations of the combined company. In addition, in connection with the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination, Newco has agreed to indemnify Pfizer for certain liabilities. Payments pursuant to these indemnities could be significant and could have a material adverse effect on the share price, business, financial condition and results of operations of the combined company.

The combined company’s results may be negatively affected if Newco is unable to obtain the same types and level of services and resources that historically have been provided to the Upjohn Business by Pfizer, or may be unable to provide them at the same cost.

The Upjohn Business has historically received benefits and services from Pfizer. After the transactions, the combined company will no longer benefit from Pfizer’s services or business relationships to the extent not otherwise addressed in the Transaction Documents. While Pfizer has agreed to provide certain transition services to the combined company, generally for an initial period of 24 months following the date on which Pfizer no longer holds shares of Newco common stock as a consequence of the Distribution (with certain possibilities for extension), and, although Pfizer, Mylan and Newco will enter into certain other agreements that will provide for continued services to be provided from Pfizer to the combined company, it cannot be assured that the combined company will be able to adequately replace or provide resources formerly provided by Pfizer, or replace them at the same or lower cost. See “Additional Transaction Agreements”. In addition, the combined company may incur significant costs and experience operational disruptions associated with ending the transition services that Pfizer has agreed to provide Newco, as Newco transitions off of and attempts to replace these services. If the combined company is not able to replace the resources provided by Pfizer or is unable to replace them without incurring significant additional costs or is delayed in replacing the resources provided by Pfizer, or if the potential customers or other partners of the combined company do not view the combined company’s business relationships as equivalent to Pfizer’s, there could be a material adverse effect on the combined company’s share price, business, financial condition or results of operations.”

Risks Relating to Newco Common Stock

No assurance can be given as to the market price of Newco common stock.

There is currently no public trading market for Newco common stock, although Newco intends to apply to list its common shares on the NYSE or the NASDAQ in connection with the transactions, and receipt of approval for such listing is a condition to the closing of the transactions. No assurance can be provided as to the value at which shares of Newco common stock will trade following the closing of the transactions. The trading price of shares of Newco common stock will depend on a number of conditions, including changes in the businesses, operations, results of the combined company, general market and economic conditions, governmental actions, regulatory considerations, legal proceedings and developments or other factors. A number of these factors and conditions are beyond the control of Pfizer, Mylan and Newco.

In addition, because the business of Mylan and the Upjohn Business differ in some respects, the market price of Newco common stock after the transaction may be affected by factors different from those currently affecting the market price of Mylan ordinary shares.

Sales of Newco common stock, or perceptions that such sales may occur, may negatively affect the market price of Newco common stock.

The shares of Newco common stock to be issued in the Distribution and the Combination will generally be eligible for immediate resale. The market price of Newco common stock could decline as a result of sales of a large number of shares of Newco common stock in the market, or even the perception that these sales could occur. Sales of Newco common stock could occur for a variety of reasons. For example, some of Pfizer’s

 

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stockholders may sell the Newco common stock that they receive in the Distribution because Newco is not included in the same indices as Pfizer common stock, such as the Dow Jones Industrial Average. These sales, or the possibility that these sales may occur, may result in a decline in the price of Newco common stock. A decline in Newco’s stock price may also make it more difficult for Newco to obtain additional capital by selling equity securities in the future on favorable terms when desired.

Newco cannot assure investors that it will make dividend payments in the future.

Dividend payments to Newco stockholders will depend upon a number of factors, including the results of operation, cash flows and financial position, contractual restrictions and other factors considered relevant by the Newco Board. Although Newco and Mylan intend that Newco will pay dividends to its stockholders, there is no assurance that Newco will declare and pay, or have the ability to declare and pay, any dividends on Newco common stock in the future.

Provisions in the Newco Charter and the Newco Bylaws and of applicable law may prevent or delay an acquisition of the combined company, which could decrease the trading price of the Newco common stock.

Newco’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “Newco Charter”), Newco’s amended and restated bylaws (the “Newco Bylaws”) and Delaware law, contain provisions that may have the effect of deterring takeovers by making such takeovers more expensive to the acquiror and by encouraging prospective acquirors to negotiate with the Newco Board rather than to attempt a hostile takeover. These provisions include the division of the Newco Board into three classes of directors until the 2023 annual meeting of Newco stockholders, with each class serving a staggered three-year term, which could have the effect of making the replacement of incumbent directors more time-consuming and difficult, rules regarding how stockholders may present proposals or nominate directors for election at stockholder meetings and the right of the Newco Board to issue preferred stock without stockholder approval. Delaware law also imposes some restrictions on mergers and other business combinations between Newco and any holder of 15% or more of Newco’s outstanding common stock. For more information, see the section titled “Description of Newco Capital Stock—Anti-Takeover Effects of Various Provisions of Delaware Law, the Newco Charter and the Newco Bylaws after the Combination.”

These provisions are intended to protect Newco’s stockholders from coercive or otherwise unfair takeover tactics by requiring potential acquirors to negotiate with the Newco Board and by providing the Newco Board with more time to assess any acquisition proposal. These provisions are not intended to make Newco immune from takeovers. However, these provisions apply even if the offer may be considered beneficial by some stockholders and could delay or prevent an acquisition that the Newco Board determines is not in the best interests of Newco and its stockholders. Accordingly, if the Newco Board determines that a potential business combination transaction is not in the best interests of Newco and its stockholders, but certain stockholders believe that such a transaction would be beneficial to Newco and its stockholders, such stockholders may elect to sell their shares in Newco and the trading price of Newco common stock could decrease.

These and other provisions of the Newco Charter, the Newco Bylaws and the DGCL could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a proxy contest, tender offer, merger or other change in control, which may have a material adverse effect on Newco’s business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Newco Charter will designate the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware, or, if such court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, another state court of the State of Delaware (or, if no state court located within the State of Delaware has jurisdiction, the federal district court for the District of Delaware), as the sole and exclusive forum for certain types of actions and proceedings that may be initiated by Newco’s stockholders, which could discourage lawsuits against Newco and its directors and officers.

The Newco Charter will provide that unless Newco, through approval of the Newco Board, otherwise consents in writing, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or, if and only if the Court of Chancery of the

 

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State of Delaware dismisses such action for lack of subject matter jurisdiction, another state court sitting in the State of Delaware (or, if no state court located within the State of Delaware has jurisdiction, the federal district court for the District of Delaware), will be the sole and exclusive forum for any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of Newco, any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any director or officer of Newco to Newco or its stockholders, creditors or other constituents, any action asserting a claim against Newco or any of its directors, officers or other employees arising pursuant to any provision of the DGCL or the Newco Charter or the Newco Bylaws, as each may be amended from time to time, any action asserting a claim against Newco or any of its directors, officers or other employees governed by the internal affairs doctrine or any action or proceeding as to which the DGCL (as it may be amended from time to time) confers jurisdiction on the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware. This exclusive forum provision may limit the ability of Newco’s stockholders to bring a claim in a judicial forum that such stockholders find favorable for disputes with Newco or its directors or officers, which may discourage such lawsuits against Newco or its directors or officers. Alternatively, if a court were to find this exclusive forum provision inapplicable to, or unenforceable in respect of, one or more of the specified types of actions or proceedings described above, Newco may incur additional costs associated with resolving such matters in other jurisdictions or forums, which could materially and adversely affect Newco’s business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

All statements and assumptions contained in this document and in the documents attached or incorporated by reference that do not directly and exclusively relate to historical facts constitute forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements may often be identified by the use of words such as “will”, “may”, “could”, “should”, “would”, “project”, “believe”, “anticipate”, “expect”, “plan”, “estimate”, “forecast”, “potential”, “intend”, “continue”, “target” and variations of these words or comparable words.

Such forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements with respect to the expected timetable for completing the transactions, the benefits and synergies of the Combination and Mylan’s, the Upjohn Business’s or the combined company’s financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, business strategies, operating efficiencies or synergies, competitive position, growth opportunities, plans and objectives of management and other matters. Because forward-looking statements inherently involve risks and uncertainties, actual future results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to:

 

   

Mylan’s ability to obtain shareholder approval of the Combination contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement necessary to complete the transactions;

 

   

failure to satisfy conditions to the closing of the transactions;

 

   

the separation of the Upjohn Business from Pfizer and its integration with Mylan’s business, operations and culture and the ability of the combined company to operate as effectively and efficiently as expected, and the combined company’s ability to successfully manage and integrate acquisitions generally;

 

   

the combined company’s ability to realize the synergies and benefits expected to result from the Combination within the anticipated time frame or at all;

 

   

changes in governmental regulations or the adoption of new laws or regulations that may make it more difficult or expensive to operate Mylan’s business or the Upjohn Business before, or the combined company’s business after, the Combination;

 

   

potential disruption of management’s time and attention from the ongoing business operations of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company as a result of the transactions;

 

   

changes in senior management, the loss of key employees or the ability of the combined company to retain and hire key personnel and maintain relationships with key business partners;

 

   

the competitive pressures faced by the combined company;

 

   

the ability of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company to maintain existing relationships and arrangements, and develop new ones, with customers, suppliers and other business partners;

 

   

actions and decisions of healthcare and pharmaceutical regulators;

 

   

the impact of any U.S. healthcare reform or legislation, including any replacement, repeal, modification or invalidation of some or all of the provisions of the U.S. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act;

 

   

legislation or regulatory action in markets outside the U.S., including China, affecting pharmaceutical product pricing, intellectual property, reimbursement or access, including, in particular, continued government-mandated reductions in prices and access restrictions for certain pharmaceutical products to control costs in those markets;

 

   

uncertainties regarding future demand, pricing and reimbursement for the products of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company;

 

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trends toward managed care and healthcare cost containment, and the ability of Mylan, the Upjohn Business and the combined company to obtain or maintain timely or adequate pricing or favorable formulary placement for its products;

 

   

the development and transition of new products and the enhancement of existing products to meet customer needs and respond to emerging trends in the pharmaceutical industry;

 

   

any regulatory, legal or other impediments to the ability of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company to bring new products to market, including, but not limited to, where Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company uses its business judgment and decides to manufacture, market and/or sell products, directly or through third parties, notwithstanding the fact that allegations of patent infringement(s) have not been finally resolved by the courts (i.e., an “at-risk launch”);

 

   

success of clinical trials, which could result in the loss of marketing approval, changes in product labeling, and/or new or increased concerns about the side effects or efficacy of, a product that could affect its availability or commercial potential, and the ability of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company to execute on new product opportunities;

 

   

any changes in or difficulties with the manufacturing, distribution and delivery by Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company of products, including any difficulties with facilities (including with respect to remediation and restructuring activities), supply chain or inventory or the ability to meet anticipated demand;

 

   

the ability to meet competition from generic and branded products after the loss or expiration of patent protection for the products of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company, or competitor products;

 

   

the success of external business-development activities of the combined company, including the ability to identify and execute on potential business development opportunities, the ability to satisfy the conditions to closing of announced transactions in the anticipated time frame or at all, the ability to realize the anticipated benefits of any such transactions;

 

   

any significant issues involving the largest wholesale distributors of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company;

 

   

the possible impact of the increased presence of counterfeit medicines in the pharmaceutical supply chain on the revenues of Mylan, Upjohn or the combined business and on patient confidence in the integrity of their respective medicines;

 

   

the end result of any negotiations between the U.K. government and the E.U. regarding the terms of the U.K.’s exit from the E.U., which could have implications on the commercial and general business operations of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company in the U.K. and the E.U., including the supply of products;

 

   

the protection of the intellectual property assets of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company, including intellectual property licensed from third parties and intellectual property shared with former parent companies;

 

   

any significant breakdown, infiltration or interruption of the information technology systems and infrastructure of Mylan, the Upjohn Business or the combined company;

 

   

contingencies related to actual or alleged environmental contamination;

 

   

risks associated with international operations;

 

   

foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, including the impact of possible currency devaluations in countries experiencing high inflation rates;

 

   

the impact of purchase accounting adjustments and certain significant items;

 

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the risk of an impairment charge related to intangible assets or goodwill;

 

   

changes in U.S. GAAP;

 

   

risks related to internal control over financial reporting;

 

   

the resolution of pending investigations, claims and disputes;

 

   

the effects of macroeconomic and geopolitical trends and events; and

 

   

the other factors described under “Risk Factors.”

No assurance can be given that any goal or plan set forth in any forward-looking statement can or will be achieved, and readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such statements, which speak only as of the date they are made. None of Mylan, Pfizer or Newco undertakes any obligation to update or release any revisions to any forward-looking statement or to report any events or circumstances after the date of this document or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as required by law.

 

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THE TRANSACTIONS

Overview

On July 29, 2019, Pfizer and Newco entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, and, on the same day, Pfizer, Newco, Mylan and certain of their affiliates entered into a Business Combination Agreement. These agreements provide for Pfizer to combine the Upjohn Business with Mylan in a Reverse Morris Trust transaction. The principal transactions to effect the Reverse Morris Trust transaction include the following:

 

   

Separation. Pfizer will contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from the remainder of Pfizer’s businesses.

 

   

Distribution. Following the Separation, Pfizer will distribute to its stockholders all of the issued and outstanding shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer by way of pro rata dividend. The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be distributed in the Distribution will be such that, after the Combination described below, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will hold 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

 

   

Combination. Immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will engage in a series of steps to combine their businesses, and in which Mylan shareholders will receive one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan ordinary share held by such holder, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax. The number of shares of Newco common stock that will be issued in the Combination will be such that, after the Combination, Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will hold 43% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the Combination.

In connection with the transactions, Pfizer and Newco will enter into several other agreements to provide a framework for their relationship after the Distribution. These agreements provide for the allocation between Pfizer, on the one hand, and Newco, on the other hand, of certain assets, liabilities and obligations related to the Upjohn Business and will govern the relationship between Pfizer and Newco after the Distribution, including with respect to employee matters, intellectual property rights, transitional services, manufacturing and supply matters and tax matters.

For a more complete discussion of the agreements related to the transactions, see “Business Combination Agreement,” “Separation and Distribution Agreement” and “Additional Transaction Agreements.”

Structure of the Combination

Step 1 Contribution of Upjohn Business

Pfizer will engage in a series of transactions to contribute the Upjohn Business to Newco, so that the Upjohn Business is separated from Pfizer’s other businesses.

Step 2 Cash Distribution

Newco will make a cash payment to Pfizer equal to $12 billion (the “Cash Distribution”) as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco. Newco has obtained financing commitments from certain financial institutions that will permit Newco to incur borrowings in an aggregate principal amount of up to $12 billion. Newco may issue debt securities or incur other long-term debt financing in lieu of borrowing under the financing commitments. Newco expects to use the proceeds of such financings to make the Cash Distribution. The anticipated material terms of the financing, based on the current expectations of Newco and Mylan, are described in more detail under “Description of Financing.” After the Distribution, Pfizer will effect the Pfizer Distribution Payments by using the proceeds of the Cash Distribution to (a) repurchase Pfizer common stock, (b) make pro rata special cash distributions to its stockholders and/or (c) repay or repurchase debt (including principal, interest and associated premiums and fees) held by third-party lenders.

 

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As partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco, Newco will also issue to Pfizer additional shares of Newco common stock such that the number of shares of Newco common stock then outstanding and held by Pfizer will be equal to (a) the number of fully diluted Mylan ordinary shares (calculated as described in the Business Combination Agreement), multiplied by the quotient of 57% divided by 43%, minus (b) the number of shares of Newco common stock underlying certain awards under Newco’s stock plan that will be granted to employees of the Upjohn Business who held certain outstanding and unvested Pfizer equity awards immediately before the time at which the Distribution occurs (the “Distribution Shares”).

Step 3 Distribution

Pfizer will distribute all of the Distribution Shares to Pfizer stockholders in a spin-off or a split-off, with the payment of cash in lieu of fractional shares. In a spin-off, Pfizer will effect the Distribution by distributing on a pro rata basis all of the Distribution Shares to Pfizer stockholders entitled to shares of Newco common stock in the Distribution as of the record date of the Distribution. In a split-off, Pfizer would offer its stockholders the option to exchange all or a portion of their shares of Pfizer common stock for shares of Newco common stock in an exchange offer, resulting in a reduction in shares of Pfizer common stock outstanding. If the exchange offer is undertaken and consummated, the remaining Distribution Shares, if any, would be distributed on a pro rata basis to Pfizer stockholders whose shares of Pfizer common stock remain outstanding after the consummation of the exchange offer.

This document assumes that the Distribution will occur through a spin-off. Once a final decision is made regarding the manner of distribution of the shares, this document and the registration statement of which this document forms a part will be amended to reflect that decision, if necessary. If a split-off is ultimately selected by Pfizer, Newco will file a separate Form S-4, and Pfizer will file a Schedule TO, in each case for the split-off.

Step 4 Combination

Under the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, unless the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted in accordance with the paragraph below, immediately following the Distribution, Newco and Mylan will effect the Combination through the following series of transactions:

 

   

First, Mylan will engage in a legal triangular merger under Dutch law, in which Mylan will merge with and into Mylan Newco Sub, with Mylan Newco Sub surviving as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan Newco. In the Mylan Merger, each Mylan ordinary share would be replaced by one Mylan Newco ordinary share. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will not be listed. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will be in existence only until the dissolution and liquidation of Mylan Newco has been completed as described below. After the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution has been made, we do not expect there to be any further distributions in respect of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares, nor do we expect any Mylan Newco shareholder meeting to be held at which Mylan Newco shareholders could exercise voting rights.

 

   

Second, pursuant to a sale and purchase agreement to be entered into immediately following the Distribution, immediately following the Mylan Merger Effective Time, Mylan Newco will sell and transfer to Acquisition Sub, an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Newco, or its designated nominee all of the outstanding shares of Mylan Newco Sub in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares issued and outstanding as of immediately after the Mylan Merger Effective Time.

 

   

Third, as soon as practicable following the Share Sale Effective Time, but in any event on the closing date of the Combination, Mylan Newco will be dissolved and subsequently liquidated in accordance with Sections 2:19 and 2:23b of the Dutch Civil Code. In connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation, each holder of Mylan Newco ordinary shares will receive, as a liquidation distribution, and upon the distribution of the Mylan Newco Exchangeable Note, a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares held by such shareholder as of such time, reduced by any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax.

 

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If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code (generally, six months after the announcement in a Dutch nationally distributed daily newspaper that the merger proposal with respect to the Mylan Merger has been deposited with the Dutch trade registry or disclosed for public inspection), then, unless otherwise mutually determined by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, Newco and Mylan will combine their businesses using an alternative transaction structure without effectuating the Mylan Merger described above. This alternative transaction structure, which this document refers to as the “Alternative Transaction Structure”, consists of the following:

 

   

First, following the Distribution, Mylan will sell, transfer, assign and deliver to Acquisition Sub, an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Newco, all of the right, title and interest of Mylan in, to and under all of its assets and liabilities in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares issued and outstanding as of the Asset Sale Effective Time. The Asset Sale will be deemed effective as of 6:00 p.m. New York City time on the date the Distribution occurs.

 

   

Second, as soon as practicable following the Asset Sale Effective Time, but in any event on the closing date of the Combination, Mylan will be dissolved and subsequently liquidated in accordance with Sections 2:19 and 2:23b of the Dutch Civil Code. In connection with the Mylan Liquidation, each holder of Mylan ordinary shares will receive, as a liquidation distribution, and upon distribution of the Mylan Exchangeable note, a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares held by such shareholder as of such time, reduced by any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax.

Each step of the Combination is intended to be completed substantially concurrently, in the order indicated.

When the Distribution and Combination are completed, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will own 57% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, and Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will own 43% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, in each case on a fully diluted basis.

Calculation of the Combination Consideration

The Business Combination Agreement provides that the Exchange Ratio is equal to one share of Newco common stock for each Mylan Newco ordinary share or Mylan ordinary share, as applicable (the “Exchange Ratio”). Pursuant to either the Mylan Newco Liquidation, or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation, the Mylan shareholders will receive, as a liquidation distribution, a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares or Mylan ordinary shares, as applicable, held by such shareholder as of such time, reduced by any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax.

The Business Combination Agreement provides that after the Distribution but before the Combination, the number of outstanding shares of Newco common stock will be equal to the number of Distribution Shares.

When the Distribution and Combination are completed, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will own 57% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, and Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will own 43% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock, in each case on a fully diluted basis.

The actual total value of the consideration to be paid by Newco in connection with the Combination will depend on the trading price for shares of Newco common stock following the Combination. There currently is no trading market for shares of Newco common stock.

 

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Trading Markets

Pfizer Common Stock

All Pfizer stockholders will receive from Pfizer, on a pro rata basis, the Distribution Shares, which would result in such stockholders owning 57% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of Newco common stock following the closing of the Combination. Pfizer stockholders will continue to hold their shares of Pfizer common stock following the Distribution, subject to the same rights as before the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination, except that their shares of Pfizer common stock will represent an interest in Pfizer that no longer reflects the ownership and operation of the Upjohn Business. Shares of Pfizer common stock will continue to be traded publicly on the NYSE. Pfizer stockholders, to the extent they are holders of record on the date of the Distribution will also hold shares of Newco common stock after the transactions.

Newco Common Stock

There currently is no trading market for shares of Newco common stock. Newco intends to file an application to list its common stock on either the NYSE or NASDAQ under a symbol to be determined.

Mylan Ordinary Shares

Mylan ordinary shares are listed on the NASDAQ under the symbol “MYL.” Following the closing of the Combination, Mylan shareholders as of immediately prior to the Combination will own 43% of the outstanding shares of Newco common stock on a fully diluted basis. Upon consummation of the Combination, Mylan intends to delist the Mylan ordinary shares from the NASDAQ and all outstanding shares of Mylan ordinary shares will automatically be canceled and cease to exist at the closing of the Combination and upon their conversion into shares of Newco common stock.

Background of the Combination

Members of management and the board of directors of Pfizer regularly review and assess the performance, operations and financial condition of Pfizer’s businesses, and industry and regulatory developments in the context of its long-term strategic goals and plans. These reviews have included consideration, from time to time, of potential reorganizations and business development opportunities.

As part of that review, Pfizer determined and announced in July 2018 that it would reorganize its businesses so that, effective as of January 1, 2019, they would be managed through three distinct business segments: (1) a science-based innovative medicines business; (2) a primarily off-patent branded and generic established medicines business (which is Pfizer’s Upjohn Business); and (3) an over-the-counter consumer healthcare business. Pfizer reorganized its businesses in this manner to better position each business to achieve its growth potential. The reorganization also enhanced Pfizer’s ability to evaluate potential strategic options for each business segment in the future. One of those strategic options included potentially separating the Upjohn Business from the remainder of Pfizer and combining it with another company. On April 25, 2019, the Pfizer Board held a meeting to discuss the possibility of such a transaction. Members of Pfizer senior management and its financial advisors, Goldman, Sachs & Co. (“Goldman”) and Guggenheim Securities, LLC (“Guggenheim”), and its outside legal counsel, Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz (“Wachtell Lipton”), were also present. Following discussion, the Pfizer Board authorized Pfizer management to reach out to select companies, including Mylan, to explore the possibility of a strategic combination involving the Upjohn Business.

Mylan is committed to setting new standards in healthcare. Over the course of Mylan’s history, and in particular during the past decade, Mylan has become a global leader in the pharmaceutical industry—one with a leading operating platform, diversity in its portfolio across broad therapeutic areas and geographies and significant renown for the efficiency of its operations and the quality of its products. In addition to cultivating numerous organic growth drivers, Mylan has a long history of successful large-scale integrations that have advanced its ability to fulfill its mission of reaching the world’s population of seven billion, while simultaneously remaining competitive in a continuously consolidating pharmaceutical industry.

 

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Mylan has been highly active in evaluating quality companies and assets within the industry to identify those that would most effectively build on and transform its operating platform and commercial presence, complement its existing strengths and capabilities, enhance its financial flexibility, further strengthen its competitive position, expand its global presence, promote the long-term sustainable success of its business and enhance shareholder value and/or provide benefits to its other stakeholders, including employees, creditors, customers, suppliers, relevant patient populations and communities in which Mylan operates.

In light of Mylan’s belief that the U.S. public markets underappreciated and undervalued the durability, differentiation and strengths of Mylan’s global and diversified business and pipeline and in furtherance of Mylan’s evaluation of companies and assets for potential transactions, the Mylan Board approved in August of 2018 the formation of a Strategic Review Committee to actively evaluate a wide range of available strategic alternatives to unlock the true value of Mylan’s platform. Over the course of the following months, the Mylan Strategic Review Committee, along with the Mylan Board, Mylan management and external advisors, undertook an extensive review of multiple ways to unlock value for Mylan’s shareholders and other stakeholders, including a review of companies and assets for potential transactions and other strategic and financial alternatives. The strategic review also involved a review of Mylan’s standalone strategy, including expanding the geographic reach of Mylan’s existing product portfolio and future pipeline, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region and emerging markets, and opportunities to accelerate this standalone strategy whether through a business combination transaction or other opportunity.

From time to time over the last several years, representatives of Pfizer and representatives of Mylan had engaged in discussions regarding existing commercial arrangements between Pfizer and Mylan, but not relating to a potential transaction involving Mylan and the Upjohn Business.

On May 2, 2019, following authorization from the Pfizer Board, Albert Bourla, Chief Executive Officer of Pfizer, contacted Robert J. Coury, Chairman of the Mylan Board, regarding a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business through a Reverse Morris Trust transaction.

Following that discussion, Mr. Coury updated members of the Mylan Board and the Mylan Strategic Review Committee on his discussion with Dr. Bourla. It was agreed that, in furtherance of the ongoing strategic review, it would be appropriate for Mr. Coury, consistent with his role of providing overall strategic leadership for Mylan, together with members of Mylan management and Mylan’s outside advisors, including Centerview and PJT Partners, Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP (“Cravath”), Mylan’s outside legal counsel, and NautaDutilh N.V. (“Nauta”), Mylan’s outside Dutch legal counsel, to have preliminary discussions with Pfizer and undertake high-level due diligence to explore a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business. In furtherance of undertaking such due diligence on the Upjohn Business, Mylan obtained the assistance of external consultants including PricewaterhouseCoopers.

Between May 5 and May 6, 2019, representatives of Mylan, Cravath, Pfizer and Wachtell Lipton negotiated a confidentiality agreement.    

On May 6, 2019, the Executive Committee of the Mylan Board and certain members of the Mylan Strategic Review Committee held a telephonic update session to discuss a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business and the contemplated confidentiality agreement. Also on May 6, 2019, Pfizer and Mylan executed the confidentiality agreement, permitting the parties to exchange non-public due diligence information.

On May 7, 2019, representatives of Pfizer provided representatives of Mylan with informational materials regarding the Upjohn Business and a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business.

On May 8, 2019, a meeting was held between representatives of Pfizer and Mylan to discuss a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business and the informational materials previously provided by Pfizer. The participants did not negotiate specific terms of a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business at this meeting, but noted that each of Mylan and Pfizer would need to perform due diligence in order to evaluate any potential transaction involving Mylan and the Upjohn Business.

 

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During the next several weeks, representatives of Mylan and representatives of Pfizer discussed the process for conducting mutual due diligence and the preparation of virtual data rooms for due diligence purposes.

On May 22, 2019, Pfizer granted Mylan and its advisors access to Pfizer’s virtual data room.

On May 24, 2019, Mylan granted Pfizer and its advisors access to Mylan’s virtual data room.

Also on May 24, 2019, the Mylan Strategic Review Committee held a telephonic update session, with members of the Mylan Board, Mylan senior management and representatives of each of Centerview, PJT Partners, Cravath and Nauta participating. The Mylan directors received an update on the status of discussions with Pfizer regarding a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business. Also at this session, the Mylan directors reviewed the business and financial profile of the Upjohn Business and discussed various strategic and financial considerations regarding a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business in light of the ongoing strategic review including, among other matters, the diversification of product and geographic mix and the financial flexibility that a combination with the Upjohn Business could provide Mylan. The Mylan directors, with input from Mylan’s financial and legal advisors, also discussed certain aspects of a Reverse Morris Trust transaction structure—a structure that would involve the separation of the Upjohn Business from Pfizer and subsequent spin-off or split-off distribution of Upjohn shares to Pfizer stockholders, immediately followed by the combination of the Upjohn Business with Mylan—including that such structure may entail the combined company incurring debt and distributing the proceeds to Pfizer and that such structure would enable Pfizer to divest the Upjohn Business in a tax-efficient manner, subject to certain legal requirements, such as Pfizer’s stockholders owning a majority of the shares of the combined company immediately following the combination. The Mylan directors also reviewed standalone financial projections that had previously been prepared by Mylan management in connection with Mylan’s standalone strategy. The participants discussed potential next steps and it was agreed that Mylan and its advisors should continue to engage in due diligence of the Upjohn Business and discussions with Pfizer and its advisors regarding a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business. The participants set a tentative goal of determining on or around June 14, 2019 whether or not to proceed in earnest with transaction negotiations with Pfizer.    

During the following weeks, representatives of Mylan and Pfizer and their respective advisors held a series of calls and in-person meetings in the course of performing mutual due diligence.

On May 31, 2019, Mylan and Pfizer entered into a clean team confidentiality agreement to permit certain competitively sensitive confidential information to be exchanged between certain representatives and advisors of Mylan and Pfizer in connection with the mutual due diligence process.

On June 4 and June 5, 2019, as part of each party’s due diligence process, representatives of Pfizer (including members of management of Pfizer’s Upjohn Business) and representatives of Mylan, and their respective advisors, met in New York, New York to discuss their respective management presentations and certain due diligence matters, including information regarding Mylan’s and the Upjohn Business’s respective business operations, historical financial performance and business outlooks, as well as certain financial projections of each of Mylan and the Upjohn Business on a standalone basis. The participants also discussed estimates by Pfizer of possible cost synergies that may result from a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business.

On June 13, 2019, the Mylan Strategic Review Committee held an update session in New York, New York, with members of the Mylan Board and Mylan senior management and representatives of each of Centerview, PJT Partners, Cravath and Nauta participating. Mr. Coury and members of Mylan’s senior management updated the Mylan directors on the status of discussions with Pfizer. Mylan’s senior management provided the Mylan directors with preliminary due diligence findings on the Upjohn Business. In particular, the Mylan directors reviewed with Mylan management potential strategic and financial benefits of a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business, including diversification of Mylan’s geographic exposure and portfolio and increased

 

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financial flexibility and cash flow generation. Mylan’s senior management also provided its perspectives on the financial projections of the Upjohn Business based on Mylan’s due diligence review of the Upjohn Business to date. Also during this session, representatives of Centerview and PJT Partners provided an overview of, among other matters, a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business, including illustrative ranges of pro forma ownership of the combined company by former Mylan shareholders. The Mylan directors then discussed next steps and an upcoming meeting to be held between Mr. Coury, Heather Bresch, the Chief Executive Officer of Mylan, Dr. Bourla and Frank D’Amelio, the Chief Financial Officer of Pfizer, at which it was expected that certain terms of a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business, including valuation and the pro forma ownership split of the combined company between Pfizer stockholders and former Mylan shareholders, would be discussed.

On June 14, 2019, Mr. Coury, Ms. Bresch and Dr. Bourla and Mr. D’Amelio held an in-person meeting in New York, New York. The participants discussed certain potential terms of a combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business. At this meeting, the participants discussed the possibility that, subject to further consideration by the Mylan Board and the Mylan Strategic Review Committee and the Pfizer Board and assuming continued due diligence, each party would be willing to continue negotiations with a view toward entering into a mutually agreed transaction at the end of July 2019 on the basis of a potential pro forma ownership split of the combined company such that Pfizer stockholders would own 59% of the combined company and former Mylan shareholders would own 41% of the combined company, on a fully diluted basis, and on the basis that Pfizer would receive $12 billion of cash funded from the proceeds of debt incurred by Newco in connection with the Separation and as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco.    

On June 15, 2019, the Mylan Board held a telephonic update session, with representatives of Cravath and Nauta participating. Mr. Coury provided the Mylan Board with an update on the June 14, 2019 meeting with Ms. Bresch and Dr. Bourla and Mr. D’Amelio. Based on that meeting, it was agreed that Mylan would continue to engage in discussions and mutual due diligence with Pfizer.

On June 18, 2019, representatives of Mylan and Pfizer and their respective advisors held the first of numerous working group calls that the parties conducted over the following weeks to discuss and coordinate on various transaction workstreams and due diligence matters.

On June 20, 2019, the Mylan Board and the Mylan Strategic Review Committee met concurrently in person in Dublin, Ireland to discuss the potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business and Mylan’s standalone strategic plan, with members of Mylan senior management and representatives of Centerview, PJT Partners, Cravath, Nauta and Galt & Company, advisor to Mylan, participating. Members of Mylan senior management presented an update on Mylan’s standalone strategic plan and certain contemplated business transformation initiatives, and reviewed the Mylan Financial Projections, which reflected developments in Mylan’s business and industry since the preparation and review of the prior financial projections prepared by Mylan management. See “Certain Unaudited Prospective Financial Information” for further information on the Mylan Financial Projections.

On June 27, 2019, the Pfizer Board met in person, together with Pfizer’s senior management and advisors, including representatives of Goldman, Guggenheim and Wachtell Lipton. In the meeting, the Pfizer Board discussed with management and the advisors various strategic alternatives for the Upjohn Business and received an update on the discussions with Mylan relating to a potential strategic combination transaction. The Pfizer Board, together with Pfizer’s management and advisors, discussed the strategic opportunities for growth in the Upjohn Business, particularly in emerging markets, and the potential for a combination transaction with Mylan to provide a complementary market footprint and product portfolio to support and enhance that potential growth. The Pfizer Board also discussed with management and advisors the market environment facing off-patent originator brands in the markets where the Upjohn Business operates and Mylan’s product pipeline and therapeutic areas. Pfizer’s financial advisors presented a review of financial considerations relating to a business combination transaction with Mylan, as well as other potential alternatives to the proposed transaction, including

 

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retaining the Upjohn Business and a spin-off or split-off of the Upjohn Business to Pfizer stockholders that would not also involve a combination with Mylan. The Pfizer Board also reviewed the evaluation and outreach with respect to the Upjohn Business that had been conducted by Pfizer previously and noted that there had not been any new developments with other potential strategic parties. The participants discussed potential next steps, and it was agreed that Pfizer and its advisors should continue to engage in due diligence of Mylan and discussions with Mylan and its advisors regarding a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business.

On July 1, 2019, representatives of Pfizer (including members of management of Pfizer’s Upjohn division), representatives of Mylan and representatives of Goldman, Centerview and PJT Partners, met at Cravath’s offices in New York, New York to discuss certain financial due diligence items and valuation models, including the Mylan Financial Projections and certain revised financial projections of the Upjohn Business provided by Pfizer.

On July 2, 2019, on behalf of Pfizer, Wachtell Lipton delivered first drafts of the Business Combination Agreement and the Separation and Distribution Agreement to Cravath, on behalf of Mylan. See “Business Combination Agreement” and “Separation and Distribution Agreement” for further information on these agreements.

On July 6, 2019, Pfizer provided Mylan with illustrative financial estimates for the combined company and updates to the financial projections of the Upjohn Business provided to Mylan in June 2019 to reflect Pfizer and Upjohn management’s latest assessment of the Upjohn Business and its industry. On July 8, 2019, Mr. Coury and Ms. Bresch met with Mr. D’Amelio to discuss the financial information provided by Pfizer on July 6, 2019.

Between July 7, 2019 and July 11, 2019, on behalf of Pfizer, Wachtell Lipton delivered first drafts of other ancillary agreements, including forms of each of the Transition Services Agreement, Manufacturing and Supply Agreement, Employee Matters Agreement and the Intellectual Property Matters Term Sheet, and Davis Polk and Wardwell LLP (“Davis Polk”), tax counsel to Pfizer, delivered on behalf of Pfizer a first draft of the Tax Matters Agreement to Cravath, on behalf of Mylan. See “Additional Transaction Agreements” for further information on these agreements. Negotiations of the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the additional Transaction Agreements and related schedules and exhibits took place in a number of telephone calls and meetings among the parties and their respective counsel through July 29, 2019.

On July 9, 2019, on behalf of Mylan, Cravath delivered revised drafts of the Business Combination Agreement and the Separation and Distribution Agreement to Wachtell Lipton, on behalf of Pfizer. The drafts included, among other items, revisions to the provisions regarding the assessment of alternative proposals and related actions by the Mylan Board. The revised drafts also provided for a lower termination fee payable by Mylan to Pfizer than the termination fee proposed in Wachtell Lipton’s July 2, 2019 draft, and for the combined company not to assume any pre-Distribution liabilities related to the Upjohn Business.

On July 10, 2019, Mr. Coury and Ms. Bresch met with Dr. Bourla and Mr. D’Amelio to discuss certain transaction terms and valuation matters in light of the updates contained in the Upjohn Business Financial Projections. The participants discussed, among other matters, a potential change to the ownership split of the combined company in light of the recently provided Upjohn Business Financial Projections, such that Pfizer stockholders would own 57% of the combined company and former Mylan shareholders would own 43% of the combined company, on a fully diluted basis, on the basis that Pfizer would receive $12 billion of cash funded from the proceeds of debt incurred by Newco in connection with the Separation and as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco. No definitive agreement to change the ownership split of the combined company was reached at this meeting, and Dr. Bourla and Mr. D’Amelio noted that any change in the ownership percentage would be subject to the review and approval of the Pfizer Board.

On July 10, 2019, on behalf of Mylan, Cravath delivered initial drafts of debt commitment papers related to the debt financing commitments to be obtained by Upjohn in connection with the proposed transaction to permit Upjohn to incur borrowings or issue debt securities in an aggregate principal amount of up to $12 billion, to Pfizer, Wachtell Lipton and affiliates of Goldman, as lenders.

 

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On July 12, 2019, the Pfizer Board met, with Pfizer’s management and advisors also in attendance, to review the status of discussions with Mylan. Pfizer’s management and advisors updated the Pfizer Board on negotiations with Mylan, including Mylan’s proposal that, after the combination of the Upjohn Business and Mylan, the Pfizer stockholders would own 57% of the combined company a fully diluted basis and former Mylan shareholders would own 43% of the combined company on a fully diluted basis, and Mylan’s proposal that the combined company would not assume any pre-Distribution liabilities of the Upjohn Business. It was explained that, in the contemplated transaction, Pfizer would receive $12 billion of cash funded from the proceeds of debt incurred by Newco in connection with the Separation and as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco. The Pfizer Board discussed with Pfizer’s management and advisors certain financial considerations relating to the proposed combination transaction, including with respect to the proposed pro forma ownership of the combined company and certain potential synergies which the Pfizer stockholders would be expected to benefit from on a pro rata basis, as well as the relative contributions of each company to the combined company’s potential financial condition and prospects. Pfizer’s advisors discussed terms of recent Reverse Morris Trust transactions and other business combination and M&A transactions, and the Pfizer Board discussed with Pfizer management and advisors various considerations regarding the proposed allocation of pre-Distribution liabilities of the Upjohn Business and the treatment of certain potential Mylan liabilities. The participants discussed potential next steps and the Pfizer Board authorized and instructed Pfizer and its advisors to continue to engage in due diligence of Mylan and negotiations with Mylan and its advisors regarding a potential combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business.

Also on July 12, 2019, members of the senior management teams of Mylan and Pfizer as well as other representatives of Mylan and Pfizer met with representatives of Moody’s Investor Service, Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC and Fitch credit rating agencies to present an overview of the proposed transaction and the expected financial profile of the combined company following completion of the proposed transaction.

On July 15, 2019, Mr. Coury, Ms. Bresch and Dr. Bourla and Mr. D’Amelio engaged in conversations regarding outstanding transaction terms. As a result of those discussions, they tentatively agreed to proceed with negotiations on the basis of certain terms, including a pro forma ownership split of the combined company such that Pfizer stockholders would own 57% of the combined company on a fully diluted basis and former Mylan shareholders would own 43% of the combined company on a fully diluted basis, and the assumption by the combined company of the pre-Distribution liabilities related to the Upjohn Business, other than certain specified matters to be retained by Pfizer.

On July 16, 2019, the Mylan Strategic Review Committee held an update session in New York, New York, with members of the Mylan Board and Mylan senior management and representatives of Centerview, PJT Partners, Cravath and Nauta participating. Mr. Coury and members of Mylan senior management provided an update on the status of discussions with Pfizer to date. At this meeting, Centerview and PJT Partners presented an overview of the potential combination based on the most recently discussed pro forma ownership split and using the Mylan Financial Projections and the Upjohn Business Financial Projections, and certain cost synergy estimates that had been developed by management of each of Mylan, Pfizer and the Upjohn Business. Also at this meeting, Mylan management provided an overview of its due diligence findings to date with respect to the Upjohn Business. Cravath and Nauta reviewed the duties of the Mylan directors under Dutch law, the contemplated structure of the proposed transaction, certain terms of the latest drafts of the transaction documents and certain aspects of Delaware law to which the combined company would be subject upon closing of the proposed transaction. The Mylan directors discussed various considerations relating to the proposed transaction and the strategic and financial logic of the proposed transaction, particularly in light of the strategic review process and the alternatives to unlock value that had been explored to date, as well as Mylan’s standalone strategic plan and prospects. Following this discussion, the independent members of the Mylan Board held a discussion with Michael Goettler, the group president of Pfizer’s Upjohn Business, in connection with the consideration by the Mylan Board of a suggestion previously made by Dr. Bourla that Mr. Goettler be considered as a potential candidate to serve as the Chief Executive Officer of the combined company.

 

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Also on July 16, 2019, on behalf of Pfizer, Wachtell Lipton sent revised drafts of the Business Combination Agreement and the Separation and Distribution Agreement to Cravath, on behalf of Mylan. The drafts reflected certain terms that the parties previously discussed, including a pro forma ownership split of the combined company such that Pfizer stockholders would own 57% of the combined company on a fully diluted basis and former Mylan shareholders would own 43% of the combined company on a fully diluted basis and that the combined company would assume the pre-Distribution liabilities related to the Upjohn Business, other than certain specified matters to be retained by Pfizer. The revised drafts of the Business Combination Agreement and the Separation Agreement sent by Wachtell Lipton also provided for, among other things, a higher termination fee payable by Mylan to Pfizer than the termination fee proposed in Cravath’s July 9, 2019 draft, and certain changes to the provisions regarding the assessment of alternative proposals.

From July 22 through July 24, 2019, representatives of Mylan, Pfizer, Cravath and Wachtell Lipton held in-person meetings to negotiate unresolved transaction terms and contract provisions and made progress in resolving outstanding items.

On July 26, 2019, the Pfizer Board held a special telephonic meeting, with members of Pfizer senior management and representatives of Goldman, Guggenheim and Wachtell Lipton participating, to review the terms and conditions of the transaction documents that had been negotiated between representatives of Pfizer and Mylan and which were substantially complete, including the terms that were subject to final resolution of the parties, and to review with Pfizer’s financial and legal advisors their views on the proposed transactions and the benefits afforded by the transactions to Pfizer and its stockholders as well as the Upjohn Business, including in comparison to potential strategic alternatives such as retaining the Upjohn Business. Following discussion with Pfizer’s management and advisors, the Pfizer Board unanimously determined, among other things, that the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the Business Combination Agreement, the other transaction agreements and the transactions contemplated thereby were advisable, fair to and in the best interests of Pfizer and its stockholders and approved and authorized the execution, delivery and performance of the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the Business Combination Agreement, the other transaction agreements and the transactions contemplated thereby.

On July 26, 2019, the Mylan Board and the Mylan Strategic Review Committee met concurrently in person in London, England, with members of Mylan senior management and representatives of Centerview, PJT Partners, Cravath and Nauta participating. Mr. Coury and members of Mylan senior management provided an update on the outcome of negotiations with Pfizer regarding the proposed transaction and discussed the strategic rationale for the proposed transaction. At this meeting, representatives of Centerview and PJT Partners (which are referred to collectively as Mylan’s financial advisors) jointly reviewed with the Mylan Board and the Mylan Strategic Review Committee their financial analyses of the Exchange Ratio, which will result in a pro forma ownership of the fully diluted shares of Newco common stock being held 43% by former Mylan shareholders and 57% by Pfizer stockholders in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement. Following this discussion, each of Centerview and PJT Partners rendered to the Mylan Board and the Mylan Strategic Review Committee an oral opinion, each of which was subsequently confirmed by delivery of a written opinion dated July 26, 2019, that, as of such date and based upon and subject to the various assumptions made, procedures followed, matters considered and qualifications and limitations upon the review undertaken in connection with preparing such opinion, the Exchange Ratio, which will result in a pro forma ownership of the fully diluted shares of Newco common stock being held 43% by former Mylan shareholders and 57% by Pfizer stockholders in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement, was fair, from a financial point of view, to the holders of Mylan ordinary shares (other than Excluded Shares). Also at this meeting, Cravath and Nauta reviewed the duties of the members of the Mylan directors under Dutch law, the structure of the proposed transaction, certain terms of the latest drafts of the transaction documents, the debt commitment papers and the arrangements for the potential transfer of Pfizer’s Meridian Medical Technologies business to the combined company, and certain aspects of Delaware law to which the combined company would be subject upon closing of the proposed transaction. The Mylan directors discussed various considerations in evaluating the proposed transaction, noting that the proposed transaction was superior to Mylan’s standalone strategic plan and the various available alternatives that had been

 

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explored to date in connection with the strategic review. Following this discussion, the Mylan Strategic Review Committee unanimously recommended that the Mylan Board approve the execution, delivery and performance of the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby and certain other matters in connection with the transactions. The Mylan Board then unanimously approved and authorized the execution, delivery and performance of the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby, recommended that the Mylan shareholders approve the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions and matters contemplated thereby and approved and authorized certain other matters in connection with the transactions.

From July 26 to July 28, 2019, representatives of Mylan, Pfizer, Cravath and Wachtell Lipton continued to negotiate unresolved contract provisions and exchanged drafts of transaction documents and related documentation to finalize all contract provisions.

On the morning of July 29, 2019, before the opening of trading on Nasdaq and the NYSE, the applicable parties entered into the Business Combination Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement and other agreements related to the transactions, and Mylan and Pfizer issued a joint press release announcing the transactions. Mylan and Pfizer then held a joint conference call to discuss the transactions.

Pfizer’s Reasons for the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination

The Pfizer Board and Pfizer management periodically conduct reviews of Pfizer’s businesses to evaluate Pfizer’s current structure and composition, to determine whether changes might be advisable, and to look for attractive ways to add value for Pfizer’s stockholders. As part of such a review, the Pfizer Board and Pfizer management determined that separating the Upjohn Business was in the best interests of Pfizer and Pfizer’s stockholders. The Pfizer Board thus began the process that resulted in the entering into of the Business Combination Agreement. The Pfizer Board believes that the transactions will accomplish a number of important business objectives for Pfizer, as well as provide enhanced opportunities for the resulting combined company. These important business objectives include:

 

   

The transactions are expected to enable Pfizer to sharpen its focus and leadership in innovative pharmaceutical breakthroughs that change patients’ lives.

 

   

The transactions are expected to increase management focus on advancing Pfizer’s product pipeline, while investing for growth and continuing to return capital to stockholders.

 

   

The transactions are expected to result in, among other things, an expanded platform and improved operating efficiencies to enable the combined company to have the operational scale and commercial capabilities necessary to increase access to quality, trusted medicines for patients around the world.

 

   

The transactions will result in the combination of the Upjohn Business with Mylan, with Pfizer stockholders receiving, in the Distribution, 57% of the fully diluted shares of Newco common stock outstanding after the transactions.

 

   

The resulting combined company will be a new global pharmaceutical company with the ability to serve patients worldwide by, among other things, meaningfully expanding the geographic reach of Mylan’s existing broad product portfolio and future pipeline—including significant investments that have been made across complex generics and biosimilars—into new growth markets where the Upjohn Business has existing sales infrastructure and local market expertise.

 

   

The transactions are expected to help create significant additional value for Pfizer stockholders through the combined company’s strong cash flow and commitment to stockholder returns, along with Pfizer’s increased focus on its innovative medicines businesses.

 

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In reaching its decision to approve the transactions, the Pfizer Board consulted with members of Pfizer’s management and Pfizer’s financial and legal advisors to consider the likely impact on stockholders, as well as a wide variety of additional factors in favor of the transactions, including, but not limited to, the following:

 

   

the potential value to Pfizer’s stockholders of the 57% of then-outstanding fully diluted shares of Newco common stock that they will own after the consummation of the transactions, including value resulting from: (a) the potential cost reductions attributable to expected efficiencies and synergies to be realized by combining the Upjohn Business with Mylan; and (b) the expected benefits of separating the Upjohn Business from Pfizer’s other businesses;

 

   

the strategic alternatives available to the Upjohn Business and the potential risks and benefits of such alternatives, including retaining the Upjohn Business, effecting a stand-alone spin or engaging in a taxable transaction to stockholders;

 

   

the anticipated tax-efficient structure for Pfizer’s stockholders; and

 

   

the other terms and conditions of the Business Combination Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement and the other Transaction Documents, which are summarized in this document.

The Pfizer Board also considered certain countervailing factors during its deliberations that did not favor the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination, including, without limitation, the possibility that the anticipated benefits of the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination would fail to materialize.

The above discussion is not intended to be exhaustive. In view of the variety of factors and the amount of information considered, the Pfizer Board did not find it practicable to, and did not make specific assessments of, quantify or otherwise assign relative weights to, the specific factors considered in reaching its determination. In addition, the Pfizer Board did not undertake to make any specific determination as to whether any particular factor, or any aspect of any particular factor, was favorable or unfavorable to its ultimate determination, and individual members of the Pfizer Board may have given different weights to different factors.

Ownership of Newco Following the Combination

When the Distribution and Combination are completed, Pfizer stockholders as of the record date of the Distribution will own 57% of Newco common stock, and Mylan shareholders as of immediately before the Combination will own 43% of Newco common stock, in each case on a fully diluted basis.

Board of Directors and Executive Officers of Newco Following the Combination

Board of Directors

The Business Combination Agreement provides that, as of the closing of the Combination, the Newco Board will consist of 13 members, including the Executive Chairman of Newco, who will be Robert J. Coury (current Chairman of the Mylan Board); the Chief Executive Officer of Newco, who will be Michael Goettler (current Global President of the Upjohn Business); eight persons designated by Mylan before the closing date; and three persons designated by Pfizer before the closing date (after consultation in good faith with Mylan). In addition, the Newco Board will, upon the closing of the Combination, be classified into three classes substantially equal in size until the 2023 annual meeting of Newco stockholders. As a result, any significant change in composition of the Newco Board would likely take at least two years. The Executive Chairman of Newco will be in the class of directors whose term expires at the 2023 annual meeting of Newco stockholders, and each of the three persons designated by Pfizer will serve in a different class of directors.

Executive Officers

The Business Combination Agreement provides that, as of the closing of the Combination, Robert J. Coury will become the Executive Chairman of Newco, Michael Goettler will become the Chief Executive Officer of Newco, and Rajiv Malik, Mylan’s President, will become the President of Newco. The Chief Financial Officer of Newco will be selected jointly by Mylan and Pfizer following a search initiated by Mylan.

 

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Director and Executive Compensation

Until the Separation, Newco will be a wholly owned subsidiary of Pfizer. Information regarding the historical compensation paid by Pfizer to its executive officers is described in “Executive Compensation” in Pfizer’s proxy statement for its 2019 annual meeting of shareholders filed with the SEC on March 14, 2019, which is incorporated by reference into this document. In addition, Robert J. Coury, who will become the Executive Chairman of Newco following the Combination is currently Chairman of the Mylan Board, and Rajiv Malik, who will become the President of Newco following the Combination is currently an executive officer of Mylan. Information concerning the historical compensation paid by Mylan to its directors and executive officers is described in Mylan’s proxy statement for its 2019 annual meeting of shareholders filed with the SEC on May 24, 2019, which is incorporated by reference into this document.

Following the closing of the Combination, decisions relating to the compensation and benefits of Newco’s directors and executive officers will be made by the Newco Board and its compensation committee. In connection with the Separation and Combination, Newco may adopt various compensation and benefits plans, including an equity incentive plan, the terms of which would be described in a subsequent filing.

Operations Following the Combination

The combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business is expected to create a unique company with no direct pharmaceutical peer set. Bringing the two highly complementary businesses together will transform and accelerate the ability of both businesses to serve patients’ needs and expand their capabilities across more than 165 markets.

Mylan expects the transactions to have the following strategic benefits:

 

   

Increased Scale and Portfolio Diversification. The transactions are expected to result in a combined company with increased global scale and geographic reach as compared to Mylan on a standalone basis, offering greater capabilities to expand access to medicine and able to meet the world’s diverse therapeutic and evolving health needs. The transactions are expected to result in a new company that will offer a sustainable, diverse and differentiated portfolio of prescription medicines, complex generics, over-the-counter products and biosimilars, supported by commercial and regulatory expertise, established infrastructure, best-in-class R&D capabilities and high-quality manufacturing and supply chain excellence. In particular, Mylan brings a diverse portfolio across many geographies and key therapeutic areas, as well as a robust pipeline, diverse manufacturing capabilities and supply chain excellence. In addition, the Upjohn Business brings trusted, iconic brands, such as Lipitor (atorvastatin calcium), Celebrex (celecoxib) and Viagra (sildenafil), proven commercialization capabilities, including leadership positions in China and other emerging markets, and world-class manufacturing facilities with a track record of quality and safety.

 

   

Complementary Market Access and Capabilities and Geographic Diversification. The Upjohn Business will contribute complementary market access and capabilities to Mylan’s existing business, including the commercial experience in growth markets that the management and employees of the Upjohn Business will bring to the combined company. The transactions will allow the combined company to meaningfully expand the geographic reach of Mylan’s existing broad product portfolio and future pipeline, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region.

 

   

Synergies. The transactions are expected to produce $1 billion of annual cost synergies by 2023.

To enable Mylan and Pfizer to manage an orderly transition in the operation of Newco in connection with the transactions, Pfizer and Newco will enter into Transition Services Agreements pursuant to which each party will provide certain limited transition services to the other party generally for an initial period of 24 months following the date on which Pfizer no longer holds shares of Newco common stock as a consequence of the

 

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Distribution (with certain possibilities for extension). For more information, please see “Additional Transaction Agreements—Transition Services Agreements” beginning on page 130 of this document.

The foregoing description of the combined company’s business following the closing of the transactions includes certain forward-looking statements. The foregoing expected strategic benefits of the transactions are based on numerous variables and assumptions that are inherently uncertain, many of which are beyond the control of Mylan’s management and the management of Pfizer and the Upjohn Business and, upon consummation of the Combination, beyond the control of the combined company. For example, regulatory developments in jurisdictions in which Mylan and the Upjohn Business operate, such as pricing pressures in China as a result of regulatory initiatives that focus on patient access and reimbursement for pharmaceutical medicines, could result in these strategic benefits not being achieved in a timely manner or at all. Future activities could be affected by a number of factors, uncertainties and risks. See “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors” discussed above in this document.

Liquidity and Capital Resources of Newco following the Combination

As of June 30, 2019, Mylan had total assets of $31,816.9 million, current liabilities of $4,560.3 million and long-term debt of $12,590.1 million. Also as of June 30, 2019, the Upjohn Business had total assets of $17,476 million, current liabilities of $3,516 million and no long-term debt. Following the consummation of the transactions, Newco’s total assets and liabilities are expected to increase significantly relative to the assets of Mylan or the Upjohn Business prior to the consummation of the transactions. As of June 30, 2019, on a pro forma basis (as described in the section of this document entitled “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information of Mylan and the Upjohn Business”), Newco would have had total assets of $64,213 million, current liabilities of $20,113 million (including $12,202 million of short-term borrowings) and long-term debt of $12,590 million. Mylan’s cash from operations was $629.2 million and $2,341.7 million for six months ended June 30, 2019 and the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, respectively. The Upjohn Business’s cash from operations was $2,271 million and $5,721 million for six months ended June 30, 2019 and the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, respectively.

Mylan and Newco expect Newco’s interest expense to increase significantly as a result of the consummation of the transactions. For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and the year ended December 31, 2018, on a pro forma basis (as described in the section of this document entitled “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Statements”), Newco would have incurred additional interest expense of $289 million and $473 million, respectively, in connection with the Financing. See the section of this document entitled “Description of Financing” for more information on the Financing.

Mylan and Newco believe that the combination of Mylan and the Upjohn Business will result in approximately $1 billion of annual cost synergies expected to be achieved by 2023. Mylan and Newco expect Newco to incur significant, one-time costs in connection with the transactions, including approximately $346 million in transaction-related expenses. No assurances of the timing or amount of synergies able to be captured, or the costs necessary to achieve those synergies, can be provided.

On or prior to the date of the Cash Distribution, Newco will have incurred new indebtedness in an aggregate principal amount of up to $12 billion in order to fund the Cash Distribution. Newco and Mylan expect the form of this new indebtedness to be the Permanent Securities and/or the Permanent Loans. If the Permanent Financing is unavailable on or prior to the date of the Cash Distribution, the Bridge Facility will be provided pursuant to the Newco Commitment Letter. See “Description of Financing” for more information on the anticipated material terms of the financing, based on the current expectations of Mylan and Newco.

Mylan and Newco anticipate that Newco’s primary sources of liquidity for working capital and operating activities, including any future acquisitions, will be cash from operations. Mylan and Newco expect that these sources of liquidity will be sufficient to make required payments of interest on the Financing and to fund working capital and capital expenditure requirements, including the significant one-time costs relating to the transactions

 

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described above. Mylan and Newco expect that Newco will be able to comply with the financial and other covenants of its debt arrangements, particularly relating to the Financing, and the covenants under the agreements governing the Financing. See “Risk Factors—Risks Relating to the Combined Business—The combined company will have a substantial amount of indebtedness following the transactions, which could materially adversely affect its financial condition.” for more information on the risks related to Newco’s indebtedness.

For more information on the Upjohn Business’s and Mylan’s existing sources of liquidity, see the section of this document entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for the Upjohn Business” and the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in Mylan’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, as amended, and Mylan’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2018 which are filed with the SEC and incorporated by reference in this document. See “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”

Accounting Treatment

ASC Topic 805 “Business Combinations” requires the use of purchase accounting for business combinations. In applying purchase accounting, it is necessary to identify both the accounting acquiree and the accounting acquirer. In identifying the accounting acquirer in a combination effected through an exchange of equity interests, such as the Combination, all pertinent facts and circumstances must be considered, including, but not limited to, the following:

 

   

The relative voting interests in the combined company. In accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, following the consummation of the transactions, Pfizer stockholders will hold 57% of the issued and outstanding shares of the combined company on a fully diluted basis and former Mylan shareholders will hold 43% of the issued and outstanding shares of the combined company on a fully diluted basis.

 

   

The composition of the governing body of the combined company. In accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, at the Effective Time, the Newco Board will consist of 13 members, including the Executive Chairman of Newco, who will be Robert J. Coury (current Chairman of the Mylan Board); the Chief Executive Officer of Newco, who will be Michael Goettler (current Global President of the Upjohn Business); eight persons designated by Mylan prior to the closing date; and three persons designated by Pfizer prior to the closing date (after consultation in good faith with Mylan). The Executive Chairman of Newco will be in the class of directors whose term expires at the 2023 annual meeting of Newco stockholders, and each of the three persons designated by Pfizer will serve in a different class of directors.

 

   

The composition of the senior management of the combined company. In accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, the senior management of Newco at the Effective Time will include (i) the current Chairman of Mylan, Robert J. Coury, who shall be Executive Chairman, (ii) the current Group President of the Upjohn Business, Michael Goettler, who shall be Chief Executive Officer, (iii) the current President of Mylan, Rajiv Malik, who shall be President, and (iv) a person selected jointly by Mylan and Pfizer following a search initiated by Mylan, who shall be Chief Financial Officer.

The transaction between Mylan and Newco is a reverse merger acquisition with Newco representing the legal acquirer and Mylan representing the accounting acquirer of the Upjohn Business. Mylan, Pfizer and Newco have determined that Mylan will be the accounting acquirer in this combination based on an analysis of the facts and circumstances specific to this transaction, including those outlined above. Newco will apply purchase accounting to the acquired assets and assumed liabilities of the Upjohn Business upon consummation of the transactions. Upon completion of the transactions, the historical financial statements of the combined company will be those of Mylan.

 

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Closing; Effective Time

Under the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, the closing of the Combination, other than any aspect of the Mylan Newco Liquidation or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation, that under law or pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement is to occur at a later time, will take place on the third business day after all conditions precedent to the Combination (other than those conditions requiring the consummation of the Separation and Distribution in accordance with the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement and any other conditions that are to be satisfied at the closing of the Combination) have been satisfied or, where permissible under applicable law, waived, or such other date and time as the parties may agree. The Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation Distribution, shall be made on the closing date (New York time).

Merger Structure

On the closing date of the Combination before 6:00 p.m., New York City time, Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub shall effectuate the Mylan Merger by executing a notarial deed in accordance with the Mylan Merger Proposal. Immediately following the Mylan Merger Effective Time on the closing date, Acquisition Sub (or its designated nominee), Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub will effectuate the Share Sale by entering into a notarial deed of transfer of shares. As soon as practicable after the effective time of the Share Sale on the closing date, the Mylan Newco Liquidation shall occur.

Alternative Transaction Structure

If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code, then, unless otherwise mutually determined by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, the Combination shall consist of the Asset Sale followed by the Mylan Liquidation (collectively, the “Alternative Transaction Structure”).

In the event that the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, on the closing date of the Combination, Acquisition Sub and Mylan will effectuate the Asset Sale by entering into the Sale Agreement. The Asset Sale will be deemed effective as of 6:00 p.m. New York City time on the closing date. As soon as practicable on the closing date after the effective time of the Asset Sale, the Mylan Liquidation shall occur.

Regulatory Approvals Related to the Combination

U.S. Antitrust

Under the HSR Act and related rules, the Combination may not be completed until notifications have been given and information furnished to the FTC and to the Antitrust Division, and all statutory waiting period requirements have been satisfied. A transaction notifiable under the HSR Act may not be completed until the expiration of a 30-calendar-day waiting period following the parties’ filings of their respective HSR Act notification forms or the early termination of that waiting period. The parties may also choose to voluntarily restart the initial 30-day waiting period by following certain prescribed procedures. After the expiration of the initial waiting period (or the restarted initial waiting period), the Antitrust Division or the FTC may issue a Request for Additional Information and Documentary Material, which is referred to in this document as a “Second Request.” If a Second Request is issued, the parties may not complete the merger until they substantially comply with the Second Request and observe a second 30-calendar-day waiting period, unless the waiting period is terminated earlier. Each of Pfizer and Mylan filed its Notification and Report form with respect to the Combination on September 6, 2019. On October 7, 2019, Pfizer and Mylan each received a Second Request from the FTC relating to the Combination. The effect of these requests, which were issued under the HSR Act, is to extend the waiting period imposed by the HSR Act until 30 days after Pfizer and Mylan have certified substantial compliance with the requests, unless the period is extended voluntarily by the parties or terminated earlier by the FTC.

 

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Foreign Regulatory Approvals

Pfizer and Mylan are also required to obtain antitrust clearance from a number of antitrust authorities outside the United States as condition precedent to the Combination (collectively, the “Required Jurisdictions”): the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, the Brazilian Administrative Council of Economic Defense, the Canadian Competition Bureau, the State Administration for Market Regulation in China, the European Commission, the Competition Commission of India, the Japan Fair Trade Commission, the Mexican Federal Economic Competition Commission, the Philippine Competition Commission, the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia, the Competition Commission of South Africa and the Turkish Competition Authority, or to observe the applicable statutory waiting period in each of those jurisdictions. In addition, if the United Kingdom were to withdraw from the European Union before the issuance of antitrust clearance by the European Commission, the parties will also be required to obtain antitrust clearance from the UK Competition and Markets Authority if it asserts jurisdiction to review the transactions. Under the Business Combination Agreement, Pfizer and Mylan may add additional jurisdictions to the list of Required Jurisdictions by mutual written agreement before the closing of the Combination.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Philippine Competition Commission on August 28, 2019. On September 26, 2019, the authority informed the parties that the thresholds for a mandatory antitrust approval are not met and on September 27, 2019 the Parties withdrew the notification form. The Parties have agreed that the September 26, 2019 letter from the Philippine Competition Commission is sufficient to satisfy any closing conditions related to securing antitrust approval in the Philippines.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Chinese State Administration for Market Regulation on September 17, 2019. Review is pending.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification with the Brazilian Administrative Council of Economic Defense on October 8, 2019. Review is pending.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Chinese State Administration for Market Regulation on September 17, 2019. Review is pending.

In addition to the Required Jurisdictions, Pfizer and Mylan are seeking antitrust clearance from the Competition Authority of Botswana, the Superintendence of Industry and Commerce in Colombia, COMESA (Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa) Competition Commission, the Competition Authority of Kenya, the Namibian Competition Commission, the Serbian Commission for Protection of Competition, the General Authority for Competition of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Taiwanese Competition Commission, the Anti-Monopoly Committee of Ukraine and the New Zealand Commerce Commission.

 

   

The parties filed the required notification form with the Serbian Commission for Protection of Competition on August 13, 2019. The parties received an unconditional clearance on September 27, 2019.

 

   

The parties filed a courtesy letter with the COMESA Competition Commission on August 28, 2019 and will be formally filing in due course.

Listing of Newco Common Stock

There is currently no public market for Newco common stock. Newco intends to file an application for the listing of the shares of Newco common stock on the NYSE or NASDAQ. It is a condition to the obligation of the parties to consummate the Combination that the shares of Newco common stock to be issued in connection with the Distribution and the Combination have been approved for listing on a U.S. nationally recognized securities exchange.

No assurance can be given as to the trading price of Newco common stock after the transactions, or whether the combined trading prices of Pfizer common stock and Newco common stock after the transactions will be less than, equal to or greater than the combined trading prices of Pfizer common stock and Mylan ordinary shares

 

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before the transactions. Mylan cannot assure you as to whether the trading prices of Newco common stock after the transactions will be less than, equal to or greater than the trading price of Mylan ordinary shares prior to the transactions. The trading price of shares of Newco common stock may fluctuate significantly following the transactions. See “Risk Factors” for more detail.

U.S. Federal Securities Law Consequences; Resale Restrictions

Newco common stock issued pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement will not be subject to any restrictions on transfer arising under the Securities Act, except for shares issued to any person who may be deemed to be an “affiliate” of Newco for purposes of Rule 145 under the Securities Act. Persons who may be “affiliates” of Newco after completion of the transactions include individuals who control, are controlled by or are under common control with Newco, as those terms generally are interpreted for U.S. federal securities law purposes.

Delisting and Deregistration of Mylan Ordinary Shares

Mylan intends to delist the Mylan ordinary shares from the NASDAQ and subsequently deregister the Mylan ordinary shares under the Exchange Act upon the consummation of the Combination.

No Dissenter’s Rights or Rights Of Appraisal

Mylan shareholders are not entitled under Dutch law or otherwise to exercise appraisal or dissenter’s rights in connection with the Combination.

Pfizer stockholders (including as stockholders of Newco) are not entitled under the DGCL or otherwise to exercise appraisal or dissenter’s rights in connection with the Combination.

 

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MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES

General

The following are the material U.S. federal income tax consequences of (i) the Distribution to Pfizer, Newco and U.S. Holders and Non-U.S. Holders (as defined below) of Pfizer common stock, and (ii) the ownership and disposition of Newco common stock by Non-U.S. Holders after the Distribution and Combination. This discussion is based on the Internal Revenue Code, applicable Treasury Department regulations, administrative interpretations and court decisions as in effect as of the date of this registration statement, all of which may change, possibly with retroactive effect.

For purposes of this discussion, a “U.S. Holder” is a beneficial owner of Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock that is for U.S. federal income tax purposes:

 

   

a citizen or resident of the United States;

 

   

a corporation, or other entity taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal tax purposes, created or organized in or under the laws of the United States or of any political subdivision thereof;

 

   

an estate the income of which is subject to U.S. federal income taxation regardless of its source; or

 

   

a trust if (a) a U.S. court is able to exercise primary supervision over the administration of the trust and one or more U.S. persons have the authority to control all substantial decisions of the trust, or (b) the trust has a valid election in effect to be treated as a U.S. person for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

A “Non-U.S. Holder” is a beneficial owner of Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock that is not a U.S. Holder and is not a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes. A non-resident alien individual present in the United States for 183 days or more in the taxable year of disposition, or a former citizen or former resident of the United States should consult a tax advisor regarding the U.S. federal income tax consequences relevant to their particular circumstances.

This discussion assumes that U.S. Holders and Non-U.S. Holders of Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock hold such stock or shares, respectively, as a capital asset (generally, assets held for investment). It does not address all aspects of U.S. federal income taxation that may be important to a holder in light of that holder’s particular circumstances, including alternative minimum tax and Medicare contribution tax consequences, and consequences under Section 451(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, or to a holder subject to special rules, such as:

 

   

a financial institution, regulated investment company or insurance company;

 

   

a tax-exempt organization;

 

   

a dealer or broker in securities, commodities or foreign currencies;

 

   

a real estate investment trust;

 

   

a stockholder that holds its Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock as part of a hedge, appreciated financial position, straddle, conversion, or other risk reduction transaction;

 

   

stockholder that holds Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock in a tax-deferred account, such as an individual retirement account or a plan qualifying under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code; or

 

   

a stockholder that acquired Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock pursuant to the exercise of options or similar derivative securities or otherwise as compensation.

If a partnership, or any entity or arrangement treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes, holds Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock, the tax treatment of a partner in such partnership generally will depend on the status of the partner and the activities of the partnership. A partner in a partnership holding Newco common stock or Pfizer common stock should consult its own tax advisor.

 

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This discussion of material U.S. federal income tax consequences does not address all potential U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Distribution or of the ownership and disposition of Newco common stock, including consequences that may depend on individual circumstances. In addition, it does not address any estate or gift or other non-income tax consequences or any non-U.S., state or local tax consequences.

Each holder of Pfizer common stock should consult its own tax advisor to determine the particular U.S. federal, state or local or non-U.S. income or other tax consequences of the Distribution to such holder or of holding and disposing of its Newco common stock.

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Distribution to U.S. Holders and Non-U.S. Holders of Pfizer Common Stock

The consummation of the Distribution, the Combination and certain related transactions is conditioned upon Pfizer’s receipt of the IRS Ruling to the effect that the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, will qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution will qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code and the Pfizer Distribution Payments will qualify as money distributed to Pfizer creditors or stockholders in connection with the reorganization for purposes of Section 361(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. The IRS Ruling, if received, will rely on certain facts, assumptions, representations and undertakings from Pfizer regarding the past and future conduct of Pfizer’s and Newco’s businesses and other matters. If any of these facts, assumptions, representations or undertakings are incorrect or not otherwise satisfied, Pfizer may not be able to rely on the IRS Ruling.

In addition, the consummation of the Distribution, the Combination and certain related transactions is also conditioned upon Pfizer’s receipt of the Tax Opinion from its tax counsel substantially to the effect that, based on the IRS Ruling and such counsel’s analysis of the issues not addressed in the IRS Ruling, the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, will qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution will qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code and the Pfizer Distribution Payments will qualify as money distributed to Pfizer creditors or stockholders in connection with the reorganization for purposes of Section 361(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. In rendering the Tax Opinion, Pfizer’s tax counsel will rely on (a) customary representations and covenants made by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, and (b) specified assumptions, including an assumption regarding the completion of the Distribution, Combination and certain related transactions in the manner contemplated by the transaction agreements. In addition, Pfizer tax counsel’s ability to provide the Tax Opinion will depend on the absence of changes in existing facts or law between the date of this registration statement and the date of the Distribution. If any of those representations, covenants or assumptions is inaccurate, tax counsel may not be able to provide the Tax Opinion or the tax consequences of the Distribution could differ from those described below. An opinion of tax counsel neither binds the IRS nor precludes the IRS or the courts from adopting a contrary position.

Accordingly, notwithstanding the IRS Ruling and the Tax Opinion, there can be no assurance that the IRS will not assert a position contrary to one or more of the conclusions set forth herein and if the IRS prevails in such challenge, the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, to Pfizer, Newco and the holders of Pfizer common stock could be materially different from, and worse than, the U.S. federal income tax consequences described below.

On the basis that the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, will qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code and the Distribution will qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code, in general, for U.S. federal income tax purposes:

 

   

the Distribution and the receipt and use by Pfizer of the Cash Distribution will generally not result in the recognition of income, gain or loss to Pfizer or Newco;

 

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U.S. Holders and Non-U.S. Holders of Pfizer common stock will not recognize income, gain or loss upon the receipt of Newco common stock in the Distribution;

 

   

the aggregate tax basis of the Newco common stock (including fractional shares deemed received and exchanged for cash, as described below) distributed to a U.S. Holder or a Non-U.S. Holder of Pfizer common stock in the Distribution will be determined by allocating the aggregate tax basis of such holder in the shares of Pfizer common stock at the time of the Distribution between such Pfizer common stock and the Newco common stock received in proportion to the relative fair market values of such common stock immediately following the Distribution; and

 

   

the holding period (for tax purposes) of any shares of Newco common stock received (including any fractional shares of Newco common stock deemed received and exchanged for cash, as described below) by a U.S. Holder or Non-U.S. Holders of Pfizer common stock will include such holder’s holding period in such Pfizer common stock at the time of the Distribution.

U.S. Holders and Non-U.S. Holders of Pfizer common stock that receive cash in lieu of a fractional share of Newco common stock in the Distribution will generally be treated as having received such fractional share pursuant to the Distribution and then as having sold such fractional share for cash. U.S. Holders generally will recognize capital gain or loss, measured by the difference between the cash received for such fractional share and the U.S. Holder’s tax basis in that fractional share. Any gain or loss recognized by a U.S. Holder generally will be capital gain or loss. Capital gains of non-corporate U.S. Holders (including individuals) will be eligible for the preferential U.S. federal income tax rates applicable to long-term capital gains if the U.S. Holder has held its Pfizer common stock for more than one year as of the closing date of the Combination. The deductibility of capital losses is subject to limitations. Non-U.S. Holders generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on any gain recognized on such deemed sale, unless such gain is effectively connected with the Non-U.S. Holder’s conduct of a trade or business in the United States (and, if an applicable income tax treaty so requires, is attributable to a U.S. permanent establishment or fixed place of business of the Non-U.S. Holder).

U.S. Holders or Non-U.S. Holders that have acquired different blocks of Pfizer common stock at different times or at different prices should consult their tax advisors regarding the allocation of their aggregate tax basis in, and the holding period of, the Newco common stock distributed with respect to such blocks of Pfizer common stock.

Even if the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, qualifies for the U.S. federal income tax treatment described above, Pfizer has incurred and will be expected to incur certain U.S. federal income and non-U.S. tax costs in connection with certain internal restructuring transactions undertaken in connection with the Distribution, and may also recognize income or gain for U.S. federal income tax purposes in connection with certain post-closing payments from Newco that are not addressed by the IRS Ruling.

In general, if the Distribution, together with certain related transactions, were not to qualify as a tax-free “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code and the Distribution were not to qualify as a tax-free distribution within the meaning of Section 355 of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution would be treated as a taxable dividend to Pfizer stockholders in an amount up to the fair market value of the Newco common stock received at the time of the Distribution. In addition, if the Distribution were not to qualify as a tax-free transaction under Sections 368(a)(1)(D) and 355 of the Internal Revenue Code, Pfizer would recognize a material amount of taxable gain for U.S. federal income tax purposes on the Distribution and/or certain related transactions, which could result in a material additional U.S. federal and state income tax liability to Pfizer.

Even if the Distribution were otherwise to qualify as a tax-free transaction under Sections 368(a)(1)(D) and 355 of the Internal Revenue Code, the Distribution would be taxable to Pfizer (but not to Pfizer’s stockholders) pursuant to Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code if there were a 50% or greater change in ownership of either Pfizer or Newco, directly or indirectly, as part of a plan or series of related transactions that included the

 

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Distribution. For this purpose, any acquisitions of Pfizer or Newco common stock within the period beginning two years before the Distribution and ending two years after the Distribution are presumed to be part of such a plan, although Pfizer may be able to rebut that presumption. For purposes of this test, the Combination will be treated as part of a plan, but the Combination standing alone will not cause the Distribution to be taxable to Pfizer under Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code because holders immediately before the Distribution of Pfizer common stock will directly own more than 50% of the Newco common stock following the Combination. Nevertheless, if the IRS were to determine that other acquisitions of Pfizer common stock or Newco common stock, either before or after the Distribution, were part of a plan or series of related transactions that included the Distribution, such determination could result in the recognition of a material amount of taxable gain for U.S. federal income tax purposes by Pfizer under Section 355(e) of the Internal Revenue Code. In connection with the IRS Ruling and Tax Opinion, Pfizer, Newco and Mylan (to its knowledge) have represented (or will represent at or prior to the closing of the Combination) that the Distribution is not part of any such plan or series of related transactions other than the Combination.

In general, under the Tax Matters Agreement, Newco is required to indemnify Pfizer against any tax consequences arising as a result of certain prohibited actions by Newco or Mylan or their respective subsidiaries. See “Additional Transaction Agreements—Tax Matters Agreement.” If the Distribution were to be a taxable transaction to Pfizer, the liability for payment of such tax by Pfizer, or by Newco under the Tax Matters Agreement, could have a material adverse effect on Pfizer or Newco, as the case may be.

Treasury Department regulations generally require any Pfizer stockholder that owns at least five percent of the total outstanding stock of Pfizer (by vote or value) to attach to its U.S. federal income tax return for the year in which the Distribution occurs a detailed statement setting forth certain information relating to the tax-free nature of the Distribution. Pfizer and/or Newco will provide the appropriate information to each holder upon request, and each such holder is required to retain permanent records of this information.

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences to Non-U.S. Holders of Holding and Disposing of Newco Common Stock

Dividends

To the extent that Newco makes a distribution of cash or other property (other than certain pro rata distributions of Newco’s stock) in respect of its common stock, the distribution generally will be treated as a dividend for U.S. federal income tax purposes to the extent it is paid out of Newco’s current or accumulated earnings and profits (as determined under U.S. federal income tax principles). Any portion of a distribution that exceeds Newco’s current and accumulated earnings and profits generally will be treated first as a tax-free return of capital that reduces the adjusted tax basis of a Non-U.S. Holder’s common stock, and to the extent the amount of the distribution exceeds a Non-U.S. Holder’s adjusted tax basis in its Newco common stock, the excess will be treated as gain from the disposition of Newco common stock (the tax treatment of which is discussed below under “—Gain on Disposition of Common Stock”).

Dividends paid to a Non-U.S. Holder generally will be subject to U.S. federal withholding tax at a 30% rate, or a reduced rate specified by an applicable income tax treaty, subject to the discussion of FATCA withholding below. To obtain a reduced rate of withholding under an applicable income tax treaty, a Non-U.S. Holder generally will be required to provide a properly executed IRS Form W-8BEN or IRS Form W-8BEN-E, as applicable, certifying its entitlement to benefits under the income tax treaty.

Dividends paid to a Non-U.S. Holder that are effectively connected with the Non-U.S. Holder’s conduct of a trade or business within the United States (and, if required by an applicable income tax treaty, are attributable to a permanent establishment or fixed base maintained by the Non-U.S. Holder in the United States) will not be subject to U.S. federal withholding tax if the Non-U.S. Holder provides a properly executed IRS Form W-8ECI. Instead, the effectively connected dividend income will generally be subject to regular U.S. income tax as if the

 

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Non-U.S. Holder were a U.S. person as defined under the Internal Revenue Code. A Non-U.S. Holder that is a treated as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes receiving effectively connected dividend income may also be subject to an additional “branch profits tax” imposed at a rate of 30% (or a lower income tax treaty rate) on its effectively connected earnings and profits (subject to certain adjustments).

A Non-U.S. Holder eligible for a reduced rate of U.S. federal withholding tax pursuant to an income tax treaty may obtain a refund of any excess amounts withheld by timely filing an appropriate claim for refund with the IRS.

Gain on Disposition of Common Stock

Subject to the discussions of backup withholding and FATCA withholding below, a Non-U.S. Holder generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on gain realized on a sale or other disposition of common stock unless:

 

   

the gain is effectively connected with a trade or business of the Non-U.S. Holder in the United States (and, if required by an applicable tax treaty, the gain is attributable to a permanent establishment or fixed base maintained by the Non-U.S. Holder in the United States), in which case the gain will be subject to U.S. federal income tax generally in the same manner as effectively connected dividend income as described above;

 

   

the Non-U.S. Holder is an individual present in the United States for 183 days or more in the taxable year of disposition and certain other conditions are met, in which case the gain (net of certain U.S.-source losses) generally will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at a rate of 30% (or a lower income tax treaty rate); or

 

   

Newco is or has been a “United States real property holding corporation” (as described below), at any time within the five-year period preceding the disposition or the Non-U.S. Holder’s holding period, whichever period is shorter, and either (a) Newco common stock is not regularly traded on an established securities market before the beginning of the calendar year in which the sale or disposition occurs, or (b) the Non-U.S. Holder has owned or is deemed to have owned, at any time within the five-year period preceding the disposition or the Non-U.S. Holder’s holding period, whichever period is shorter, more than 5% of the Newco common stock.

Newco would be a United States real property holding corporation if at any time the fair market value of Newco’s “United States real property interests,” as defined in the Internal Revenue Code and applicable Treasury Department regulations, equals or exceeds 50% of the aggregate fair market value of Newco’s worldwide real property interests and Newco’s other assets used or held for use in a trade or business (all as determined for the U.S. federal income tax purposes). We believe that, at the time of the transactions, Newco will not be a United States real property holding corporation, and we do not anticipate that Newco will become a United States real property holding corporation in the foreseeable future.

Information Reporting and Backup Withholding

Distributions paid to a Non-U.S. Holder and the amount of any tax withheld with respect to such distributions generally will be reported to the IRS. Copies of the information returns reporting such distributions and any withholding may also be made available to the tax authorities in the country in which the Non-U.S. Holder resides under the provisions of an applicable income tax treaty.

A Non-U.S. Holder will not be subject to backup withholding on dividends received if such holder certifies under penalty of perjury that it is a Non-U.S. Holder (and the payor does not have actual knowledge or reason to know that such holder is a U.S. person as defined under the Internal Revenue Code), or such holder otherwise establishes an exemption. Information reporting and, depending on the circumstances, backup withholdings will

 

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apply to the proceeds of a sale or other disposition of Newco common stock made within the United States or conducted through certain U.S.-related financial intermediaries, unless the Non-U.S. Holder complies with certification procedures to establish that it is not a U.S. person to avoid additional information reporting and backup withholding. The certification procedures required to claim a reduced rate of withholding under a treaty will generally satisfy the certification requirements necessary to avoid backup withholding as well.

Backup withholding is not an additional tax and the amount of any backup withholding from a payment to a Non-U.S. Holder will be allowed as a credit against the Non-U.S. Holder’s U.S. federal income tax liability and may entitle the Non-U.S. Holder to a refund, provided that the required information is furnished to the IRS in a timely manner.

FATCA Withholding

Under Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Internal Revenue Code (such Sections commonly referred to as the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, or “FATCA”), payments of dividends on and, subject to the discussion of certain proposed Treasury Department regulations below, the gross proceeds of dispositions of common stock of a U.S. issuer paid to (a) a “foreign financial institution” (as specifically defined in the Internal Revenue Code), or (b) a “non-financial foreign entity” (as specifically defined in the Internal Revenue Code) will be subject to a withholding tax (separate and apart from, but without duplication of, the withholding tax described above) at a rate of 30%, unless various U.S. information reporting and due diligence requirements (generally relating to ownership by U.S. persons of interests in or accounts with those entities) have been satisfied or an exemption from these rules applies. An intergovernmental agreement between the United States and an applicable foreign country may modify these requirements. If a dividend payment is both subject to withholding under FATCA and subject to the withholding tax discussed above under “—Dividends,” the withholding under FATCA may be credited against, and therefore reduce, such other withholding tax. The Treasury Department recently released proposed regulations which, if finalized in their present form, would eliminate the federal withholding tax of 30% applicable to the gross proceeds of a sale or other disposition of Newco common stock. In the preamble to the proposed regulations, the Treasury Department stated that taxpayers may generally rely on the proposed regulations until final regulations are issued. Non-U.S. Holders should consult their tax advisors regarding the possible implications of this withholding tax on their investment in Newco common stock.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF FINANCING

Overview

On July 29, 2019, in connection with the Separation and Distribution Agreement and the Business Combination Agreement, Newco entered into a commitment letter (as it may be amended from time to time, the “Newco Commitment Letter”), under which Goldman Sachs Bank USA and certain other financial institutions (collectively, the “Commitment Parties”) committed to provide to Newco up to $12 billion under a 364-day senior unsecured bridge facility, the availability of which will be subject to reduction upon the consummation of the Permanent Financing (as defined below) pursuant to the terms set forth in the Commitment Letter (the “Bridge Facility”).

Newco and Mylan expect the Cash Distribution from Newco to Pfizer to be funded through the issuance to Newco of senior unsecured notes (the “Permanent Securities”) and/or the borrowing to Newco of senior unsecured loans (the “Permanent Loans”, and together with the Permanent Securities, the “Permanent Financing”) of an aggregate principal amount of up to $12 billion. If the Permanent Financing is unavailable on or prior to the date of the Cash Distribution, the Bridge Facility will be made available to Newco pursuant to the Commitment Letter.

Permanent Financing

Newco and Mylan expect that, on or prior to the date of the Cash Distribution, Newco will issue Permanent Securities and/or borrow Permanent Loans to finance the Cash Distribution in lieu of the Bridge Facility. Newco and Mylan anticipate that the instruments and/or definitive loan documentation governing the Permanent Financing will contain customary covenants for companies of comparable creditworthiness and would carry an interest rate based on then current market conditions. The terms of the Permanent Financing are not committed, and the exact terms and interest rate of the Permanent Financing will be subject to market conditions. There can be no assurance regarding if or when the Permanent Financing will be consummated or the terms of the Permanent Financing.

Bridge Facility

Pursuant to the Commitment Letter, the Commitment Parties have agreed to provide Newco with a 364-day senior unsecured bridge loan facility of up to $12 billion. The proceeds of the Bridge Facility will be available in a single draw to be used to pay (a) all or any portion of the Cash Distribution in the event Newco is unable to obtain the Permanent Financing in the full amount described above and (b) related transaction fees and expenses. The obligation of the Commitment Parties to provide the Bridge Facility is subject to customary conditions, including, among others, (i) the accuracy of certain representations and warranties, (ii) the absence of a material adverse effect on Newco and (iii) the consummation of the transactions contemporaneously with the funding of the Bridge Facility or one business day thereafter.    

The terms of the Bridge Facility will be set forth in definitive loan documentation consistent with the terms set forth in the Commitment Letter and specified documentation standards. Interest under the Bridge Facility will initially equal a LIBOR-based rate plus an applicable margin (based on the combined company’s non-credit-enhanced, senior unsecured long-term debt credit rating) that increases over time up to a specified maximum amount if the bridge loans are not earlier repaid. The Bridge Facility will be subject to affirmative and negative covenants and events of default consistent with the specified documentation standards, including a maximum consolidated leverage ratio financial covenant initially requiring maintenance of a maximum ratio of 4.25 to 1.00 for consolidated total indebtedness as of the end of any quarter to consolidated EBITDA for the trailing four quarters. The Bridge Facility is expected to be guaranteed by Mylan and each subsidiary of Mylan that guarantees Mylan’s existing debt securities and credit facilities with a principal amount of at least $500 million. The obligations under the Bridge Facility will be unsecured.

 

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BUSINESS COMBINATION AGREEMENT

The following is a summary of the material provisions of the Business Combination Agreement. The summary is qualified in its entirety by the Business Combination Agreement, which is included as an exhibit to the registration statements of which this document forms a part and is incorporated herein by reference. See the section entitled “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”

We urge you to read the Business Combination Agreement carefully and in its entirety, as it is the legal document governing the Combination. This summary of the Business Combination Agreement has been included to provide information regarding its terms. The rights and obligations of the parties are governed by the express terms of the Business Combination Agreement and not by this summary or any other information included in this document. This summary is not intended to provide any other factual information about Pfizer, Newco, Acquisition Sub, Mylan, Mylan Newco or Mylan Newco Sub. Information about Pfizer, Newco, Acquisition Sub, Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub can be found elsewhere in this document and in the documents incorporated by reference into this document.

The Business Combination Agreement contains representations and warranties of Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub that are solely for the benefit of Pfizer and Newco and representations and warranties of Pfizer relating to itself and Newco that are solely for the benefit of Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub. The representations and warranties in the Business Combination Agreement were made solely for the benefit of the parties to the Business Combination Agreement, are qualified in their entirety by confidential disclosure schedules and were used for the purpose of allocating risk among the respective parties. This summary and the Business Combination Agreement are included with this document only to provide investors with information regarding the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, and not to provide investors with any other factual information with respect to Pfizer, Newco, Acquisition Sub, Mylan, Mylan Newco, Mylan Newco Sub or their respective subsidiaries or businesses. Investors should not rely on the representations and warranties or any descriptions thereof as characterizations of the actual state of facts or condition of Pfizer, Newco, Acquisition Sub, Mylan, Mylan Newco, Mylan Newco Sub or their respective subsidiaries or businesses. Moreover, information concerning the subject matter of the representations and warranties may have changed after the date of the Business Combination Agreement, which subsequent information may or may not be fully reflected in information about Pfizer, Newco, Acquisition Sub, Mylan, Mylan Newco, Mylan Newco Sub or their respective subsidiaries or businesses made in this document or other public disclosures.

The Combination

Under the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, immediately following the Distribution, and unless the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, Newco and Mylan will combine through the following series of transactions (subject to the terms and conditions of the Business Combination Agreement):

 

   

First, Mylan will engage in a legal triangular merger under Dutch law, in which Mylan will merge with and into Mylan Newco Sub, with Mylan Newco Sub surviving the Mylan Merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan Newco. In the Mylan Merger, each outstanding Mylan ordinary share will be replaced by an ordinary share of Mylan Newco. Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub will effectuate the Mylan Merger before 6:00 p.m. New York City time on the date the Distribution occurs. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will not be listed. The Mylan Newco ordinary shares will be in existence only until the dissolution and liquidation of Mylan Newco has been completed as described below. After the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution has been made, we do not expect there to be any further distributions in respect of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares, nor do we expect any Mylan Newco shareholder meeting to be held at which Mylan Newco shareholders could exercise voting rights.

 

   

Second, pursuant to a sale and purchase agreement to be entered into immediately following the Mylan Merger Effective Time, Mylan Newco will sell and transfer to Acquisition Sub, an indirect, wholly

 

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owned subsidiary of Newco, or its designated nominee all of the outstanding shares of Mylan Newco Sub, in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares issued and outstanding as of immediately after the Mylan Merger Effective Time.

 

   

Third, as soon as practicable following the Share Sale Effective Time, Mylan Newco will be dissolved and subsequently liquidated in accordance with Sections 2:19 and 2:23b of the Dutch Civil Code. In connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation, it is intended that each holder of Mylan Newco ordinary shares will receive, as a liquidation distribution, and upon the distribution of the Mylan Newco Exchangeable Note, a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares held by such shareholder as of such time, reduced by any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch withholding tax.

If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code (generally, six months after the announcement in a Dutch nationally distributed daily newspaper that the merger proposal with respect to the Mylan Merger has been deposited with the Dutch trade registry or disclosed for public inspection), then, unless otherwise mutually determined by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, the Combination shall consist of the following series of transactions (subject to the terms and conditions of the Business Combination Agreement):

 

   

First, following the Distribution, Mylan will sell, transfer, assign and deliver to Acquisition Sub, an indirect, wholly owned subsidiary of Newco, all of the right, title and interest of Mylan in, to and under all of its assets and liabilities in exchange for a note that is mandatorily exchangeable into a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares issued and outstanding as of the effective time of the Asset Sale.

 

   

Second, as soon as practicable following the Asset Sale Effective Time, Mylan will be dissolved and subsequently liquidated in accordance with Sections 2:19 and 2:23b of the Dutch Civil Code. In connection with the Mylan Liquidation, it is intended that each holder of Mylan ordinary shares will receive, as a liquidation distribution, and upon distribution of the Mylan Exchangeable Note, a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares held by such shareholder as of such time, reduced by any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax.

Each step of the Combination is intended to be completed substantially concurrently, in the order indicated.

Effective Time; Closing

Under the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, the closing of the Combination, other than any aspect of the Mylan Newco Liquidation or the Mylan Liquidation, as applicable, that under law or pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement is to occur at a later time, will take place on the third business day after all conditions precedent to the Combination (other than those, including the completion of the Separation and the Distribution in all material respects, that are to be satisfied at or immediately prior to closing) have been satisfied or, where permissible under applicable law, waived, or such other date and time as Pfizer and Mylan may mutually agree. The date on which the Closing actually occurs is hereinafter referred to as the “closing date.”

On the closing date of the Combination, unless the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub shall effectuate the Mylan Merger before 6:00 p.m., New York City time, to ensure that the Mylan Merger becomes effective at midnight Amsterdam time, being either 6:00 p.m., New York City time, or 7:00 p.m., New York City time, on the closing date (the “Mylan Merger Effective Time”). The Share Sale will be effectuated immediately after the Mylan Merger Effective Time (the “Share Sale Effective Time”) and the Mylan Newco Liquidation will become effective as soon as practicable after the Share Sale Effective Time.

 

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If the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Asset Sale will be deemed effective as of 6:00 p.m. New York City time on the closing date (the “Asset Sale Effective Time”) and the Mylan Liquidation will become effective as soon as practicable after the Asset Sale Effective Time.

Any reference hereinafter to “Effective Time” will mean the Mylan Merger Effective Time, or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Asset Sale Effective Time.

The parties intend to complete the Combination as promptly as practicable, subject to receipt of the Mylan Shareholder Approval and the satisfaction of the other conditions precedent to the Combination. The closing is anticipated to occur in mid-2020. We cannot assure you when, or if, all the conditions precedent to the Combination will be satisfied or, where permissible, waived. See “—Conditions to the Combination.”

The Mylan Merger

Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub will prepare and, not earlier than February 10, 2020, or such earlier date as mutually agreed in writing by Mylan, Pfizer and Newco, file all documents and make all announcements required to effectuate the Mylan Merger. Not earlier than one month (subject to extension of such term pursuant to the Dutch General Act on Terms (Algemene termijnenwet)) after all requisite filings and announcements have been made and not later than the date of the Mylan Shareholders Meeting, Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub will adopt resolutions to enter into and effectuate the Mylan Merger (other than the Mylan Merger Resolution to be adopted at the Mylan Shareholders Meeting).

Immediately after the Distribution, Mylan will merge with and into Mylan Newco Sub in a legal triangular merger (juridische driehoeksfusie), resulting in each holder of outstanding Mylan ordinary shares holding a number of shares in the capital of Mylan Newco equal to the number of Mylan ordinary shares held by such holder of Mylan ordinary shares immediately before the completion of the Mylan Merger.

Mylan and its applicable subsidiaries will effectuate the Mylan Merger immediately following the Distribution, and in any event before 6:00 p.m., New York City time, to ensure that the Mylan Merger becomes effective at midnight Amsterdam time (being either 6:00 p.m., New York City time, or 7:00 p.m., New York City time), on the closing date.

Share Sale

Pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, promptly after satisfaction (or, to the extent permissible by law, waiver) of all conditions precedent to the Combination, Newco, Acquisition Sub, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub shall enter into a purchase and sale agreement (the “Sale Agreement”). Pursuant to the Sale Agreement, immediately following the Mylan Merger Effective Time, Mylan Newco will transfer all of the issued and outstanding shares in the capital of Mylan Newco Sub (the surviving entity in the Mylan Merger) to Acquisition Sub in exchange for the Exchangeable Note (described in more detail below). Immediately following the Mylan Merger Effective Time, Acquisition Sub, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub will enter into a notarial deed of transfer of shares pursuant to which all issued and outstanding shares in the capital of Mylan Newco Sub will be transferred by Mylan Newco to Acquisition Sub or its designated nominee at such time and such transfer will be acknowledged by Mylan Newco Sub.

Pre-Liquidation Actions

Deposit and Exchange

Immediately following the execution of the Exchangeable Note, Mylan Newco will deposit the Exchangeable Note with the Exchange Agent (as defined below). Upon receipt by the Exchange Agent of the Exchangeable Note, the Exchangeable Note will automatically and mandatorily be exchanged into a number of

 

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shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares issued and outstanding immediately after the Mylan Merger Effective Time (excluding any Mylan Newco ordinary shares held by Mylan Newco as treasury stock).

Newco Common Stock Sale to Satisfy Dutch Dividend Withholding Tax Obligations (If Any)

As soon as reasonably possible after the Share Sale Effective Time, Pfizer and Mylan Newco will jointly advise the Exchange Agent in writing of the number of shares of Newco common stock to which each shareholder of Mylan Newco is entitled pursuant to the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (prior to giving effect to any applicable withholding tax) (the “Gross Number”) and the amount of any applicable Dutch dividend withholding tax required to be withheld in respect of the delivery of the Gross Number of shares of Newco common stock to each shareholder of Mylan Newco (the “Aggregate Withholding Amount” and the amount of Dutch dividend withholding tax to be withheld per Mylan Newco shareholder the “Individual Withholding Amount”). If any Dutch dividend withholding tax is required to be withheld in respect of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, as soon as reasonably possible after the Share Sale Effective Time, Mylan Newco will cause the Exchange Agent to sell, for the benefit of the Mylan Newco shareholders, such number of shares of Newco common stock to which the Mylan Newco shareholders would otherwise be entitled to receive as is necessary to obtain net cash proceeds as close as possible to, but no less than, the Aggregate Withholding Amount to satisfy the Dutch dividend withholding tax due in connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, if any (the “Newco Common Stock Sale”). Dutch dividend withholding tax will be due at a rate of 15% to the extent the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution exceeds the recognized paid-up capital for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of the Mylan Newco ordinary shares. If the cash proceeds obtained by the Exchange Agent in the Newco Common Stock Sale exceed the required Dutch dividend withholding tax by more than a de minimis amount, such surplus cash proceeds shall be paid to the Mylan Newco shareholders on a pro rata basis consistent with the procedures for payment of cash in lieu of fractional shares. Acquisition Sub will be entitled to any such surplus if the amount is de minimis.

Confirmation with Respect to Dutch Dividend Withholding Tax Obligations

Mylan has agreed that, as soon as reasonably practicable, it will (and will cause Mylan Newco to) prepare and file with the Dutch tax authorities (the “DTA”) a request (the “Request”) to obtain the DTA’s confirmation in form and substance reasonably acceptable to Newco of: (a) the amount of recognized paid-up capital for Dutch dividend withholding tax purposes of Mylan and Mylan Newco before the Share Sale Effective Time (the “Calculation”); and (b) the amount of Dutch dividend withholding tax due in respect of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (the “Withholding Tax Confirmation”). On September 5, 2019, following consultation with Pfizer and Newco, Mylan filed the Request with the DTA.

If Mylan does not receive the Withholding Tax Confirmation before the closing date of the Combination, the Calculation will be used, updated for any reasonable comments by Newco or Pfizer that have not been reflected in such Calculation, to calculate any Dutch dividend withholding tax required to be withheld in connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution.

If Mylan receives a Withholding Tax Confirmation before the closing date of the Combination, Pfizer, Newco and Mylan have agreed to use the Withholding Tax Confirmation to calculate any Dutch dividend withholding tax required to be withheld in connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, unless (a) the Withholding Tax Confirmation is not in line with the Request and Calculation submitted to the DTA (a “Negative Withholding Tax Confirmation”), and (b) Pfizer, Newco and Mylan have agreed to file an objection against such Negative Withholding Tax Confirmation. In that case, any Dutch dividend withholding tax required to be withheld in connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation will be based on the Calculation submitted to the DTA, updated for any reasonable comments provided by Newco or Pfizer in good faith that have not been reflected in such Calculation. In case Mylan or Mylan Newco files an objection against the Negative Withholding Tax Confirmation without Pfizer and Newco having agreed thereto, the Negative Withholding Tax Confirmation

 

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so received shall be used to calculate the applicable Dutch dividend withholding tax, unless Pfizer, Newco and Mylan agree otherwise.

Fractional Shares

No fractional shares of Newco common stock will be issued to Mylan Newco shareholders in the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution. The Exchange Agent will aggregate all fractional shares of Newco common stock that the Mylan Newco shareholders would otherwise be entitled to receive and sell them at the then-prevailing prices in transactions for the benefit of such shareholders. Each Mylan Newco shareholder that otherwise would be entitled to a fractional share of Newco common stock (after aggregating all shares of Mylan Newco of which such shareholder is a record holder) will be paid an amount in cash, rounded down to the nearest whole cent, based on the average price per share received by the Exchange Agent in such sale, after deducting any applicable taxes and the costs and expenses of such sale and distribution. Newco will be entitled to receive any remaining proceeds of the sale of fractional shares after payment of such proceeds to the Mylan Newco shareholders, and any applicable withholding tax.

Mylan Newco Liquidation

As soon as practicable after the Share Sale Effective Time, Mylan Newco will be dissolved (ontbonden) and subsequently liquidated (vereffend) in accordance with Section 2:19 and 2:23b of the Dutch Civil Code, with Stichting Liquidator Mylan acting as Mylan Newco’s liquidator (the “Liquidator”). In connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation, it is intended that the Liquidator will effectuate the distribution of the Exchangeable Note (which, upon such distribution being effectuated by deposit of the Exchangeable Note with the Exchange Agent, will automatically and mandatorily be exchanged for shares of Newco common stock) and all other assets then held by Mylan Newco (if any) by means of a liquidation distribution to the shareholders of Mylan Newco. The Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution is intended to be an advance liquidation distribution (uitkering bij voorbaat) in one installment and will be effectuated as soon as practicable following the Share Sale Effective Time, but in any event on the closing date (New York City time).

As a result of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, each shareholder of Mylan Newco will receive a number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the number of Mylan Newco ordinary shares held by such shareholder as of such time, subject to any applicable withholding taxes, including any Dutch dividend withholding tax required to be withheld from the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (see “—Confirmation with Respect to Dutch Dividend Withholding Tax Obligations” and “—Newco Common Stock Sale to Satisfy Dutch Dividend Withholding Tax Obligations (If Any)” above).

In connection with the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, the Exchange Agent will pay to the relevant DTA the net cash proceeds from the Newco Common Stock Sale in satisfaction of Mylan Newco’s obligation to remit Dutch dividend withholding tax, if any, in respect of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution.

Although it is intended that the Liquidator will make one single advance liquidation payment to each Mylan Newco shareholder, the Liquidator may delay part of the payment as a result of unforeseen circumstances. No compensation will be paid to Mylan Newco shareholders for any administrative costs charged by banks in relation to the transfer of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution to their bank account or otherwise.

Each Mylan Newco shareholder that receives shares of Newco common stock pursuant to the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, and cash in lieu of fractional shares (subject to applicable withholding taxes, including the Dutch dividend withholding tax), will have no further right to receive cash, shares of Newco common stock or any other consideration in respect of the Exchangeable Note.

Once the Mylan Newco Liquidation is completed, Mylan Newco will cease to exist by operation of law.

 

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Alternative Transaction Structure

If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code (generally, six months after the announcement in a Dutch nationally distributed daily newspaper that the merger proposal with respect to the Mylan Merger has been deposited with the Dutch trade registry or disclosed for public inspection), then, unless otherwise mutually determined by Pfizer, Newco and Mylan, the Alternative Transaction Structure (consisting of the Asset Sale followed by the Mylan Liquidation and the Mylan Liquidation Distribution) will be adopted. If the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Merger will not be effectuated and all references in “—Share Sale,” “—Pre-Liquidation Actions,” “—Mylan Newco Liquidation” and “—Exchange Agent and Exchange Fund”: (a) to the Combination will be deemed to refer to the Alternative Transaction Structure; (b) to the Mylan Merger Effective Time will be deemed to refer to the Asset Sale Effective Time; (c) to Mylan Newco will be deemed to refer to Mylan; (d) to the Mylan Newco Liquidation will be deemed to refer to the Mylan Liquidation; (e) to the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution will be deemed to refer to the Mylan Liquidation Distribution; and (f) to the Mylan Newco ordinary shares will be deemed to refer to the Mylan ordinary shares.

Exchange Agent and Exchange Fund

Pfizer shall appoint an exchange agent that is reasonably acceptable to Mylan (the “Exchange Agent”) to act as the agent for the purpose of (a) allotting the shares of Mylan Newco to each holder of Mylan ordinary shares at the time of the Mylan Merger and (b) giving effect to the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution by the Liquidator. At or promptly following the Share Sale Effective Time, Newco will contribute to Acquisition Sub, and Acquisition Sub will deposit with the Exchange Agent, the number of shares of Newco common stock deliverable in respect of the automatic and mandatory exchange of the applicable Exchangeable Note for shares of Newco common stock (the “Exchange Fund”). If the Exchange Fund is inadequate to cover all shares of Newco common stock required for the automatic and mandatory exchange of the applicable Exchangeable Note for shares of Newco common stock, Newco will take all steps necessary to enable Acquisition Sub to deposit in trust with the Exchange Agent additional shares of Newco common stock sufficient to make all such deliveries.

Any portion of the Exchange Fund that remains unclaimed by the holders of Mylan Newco ordinary shares (or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the holders of Mylan ordinary shares) who were entitled to receive a portion of the Exchange Fund in the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation Distribution) 12 months after the Effective Time will be returned to Acquisition Sub at its request. Holders of Mylan Newco ordinary shares (or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the holders of Mylan ordinary shares) who have not received their portion of the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation Distribution) (less taxes required to be withheld from such Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution, if any), and, if applicable, any cash in lieu of fractional shares of Newco common stock, may thereafter look only to Acquisition Sub for the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation Distribution) and, if applicable, any cash in lieu of fractional shares of Newco common stock. Acquisition Sub will not be liable to any holder of Mylan Newco ordinary shares (or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the holders of Mylan ordinary shares) for any amounts paid to a public official pursuant to applicable abandoned property, escheat or similar laws.

Any shares of Newco common stock and any cash in lieu of fractional shares of Newco common stock remaining unclaimed by holders of Mylan Newco ordinary shares (or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the holders of Mylan ordinary shares) two years after the Effective Time (or such earlier date, immediately before such time when the amounts would otherwise escheat to or become property of any governmental authority) shall become, to the extent permitted by applicable law, the property of Acquisition Sub.

 

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Treatment of Mylan Equity Awards

Mylan Options and Mylan SARs

At the Effective Time, each option to purchase a Mylan ordinary share (a “Mylan Option”) or stock appreciation right in respect of Mylan ordinary shares (each, a “Mylan SAR”) that is outstanding as of immediately before the Effective Time will be converted into the right to receive, as of immediately following the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time, as applicable, an option to purchase shares of Newco common stock (a “Newco Option”) or a stock appreciation right in respect of shares of Newco common stock (a “Newco SAR”), as applicable, to purchase (a) that number of shares of Newco common stock equal to the product (rounded down to the nearest whole share) of (i) the number of Mylan ordinary shares subject to such Mylan Option or Mylan SAR, as applicable, as of immediately before the Effective Time, multiplied by (ii) the Exchange Ratio, (b) at an exercise price or base price per share equal to the quotient (rounded up to the nearest whole cent) of (i) the per share exercise price or per share base price, as applicable, of such Mylan Option or Mylan SAR, as applicable, as of immediately before the Effective Time, divided by (ii) the Exchange Ratio (each such Newco Option, a “Converted Newco Option,” and each such Newco SAR, a “Converted Newco SAR”). Each such Converted Newco Option or Converted Newco SAR will be subject to substantially the same terms and conditions as applied to the corresponding Mylan Option or Mylan SAR as of immediately before the Effective Time, including with respect to the vesting schedules of each such award.

Mylan RSU Awards

At the Effective Time, each time-vesting restricted stock unit award in respect of a Mylan ordinary share (each, a “Mylan RSU Award”) that is outstanding as of immediately before the Effective Time will be converted into the right to receive, as of immediately following the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time, as applicable, a time-vesting stock unit award in respect of shares of Newco common stock (each, a “Newco RSU Award”) in respect of that number of shares of Newco common stock (rounded to the nearest whole share) equal to the product of (a) the number of Mylan ordinary shares subject to such Mylan RSU Award as of immediately before the Effective Time, multiplied by (b) the Exchange Ratio (each such Newco RSU Award, a “Converted Newco RSU Award”). After the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time, as applicable, each such Converted Newco RSU Award will be subject to substantially the same terms and conditions as applied to the corresponding Mylan RSU Award as of immediately before the Effective Time, including with respect to the vesting and payment schedules of each such award.

Mylan PRSU Awards

At the Effective Time, each performance-vesting restricted stock unit in respect of Mylan ordinary shares (each, a “Mylan PRSU Award”) that is outstanding as of immediately before the Effective Time will be converted into the right to receive, as of immediately following the Share Sale Effective Time or the Asset Sale Effective Time, as applicable, a Converted Newco RSU Award in respect of that number of shares of Newco common stock (rounded to the nearest whole share) equal to the product of (a) the number of Mylan ordinary shares subject to such Mylan PRSU Award as of immediately before the Effective Time, multiplied by (b) the Exchange Ratio. The number of Mylan ordinary shares subject to a Mylan PRSU Award with a performance period that is incomplete as of immediately before the Effective Time will be determined assuming performance goals are satisfied at the target level. Each such Converted Newco RSU Award will be subject to time-vesting at the end of the originally scheduled performance period (or any later scheduled vesting date) and to substantially the same terms and conditions as applied to the corresponding Mylan PRSU Award as of immediately before the Effective Time.

No Appraisal Rights

Neither Mylan shareholders nor Mylan Newco shareholders are entitled under Dutch law or otherwise to appraisal or dissenters’ rights related to the Mylan ordinary shares or Mylan Newco ordinary shares in connection with the Combination.

 

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Pfizer stockholders are not entitled to appraisal rights in connection with the Separation, the Distribution or the Combination.

Representations and Warranties

In the Business Combination Agreement, Mylan, Mylan Newco and Mylan Newco Sub (together, the “Mylan Parties”), jointly and severally, have made representations and warranties to Pfizer and Newco, and Pfizer has made representations and warranties to the Mylan Parties relating to Pfizer and Newco, in each case, as of the date of the Business Combination Agreement, which representations and warranties will also be made, subject to certain materiality, “material adverse effect,” knowledge and other qualifications, as of the closing date (except for certain representations and warranties that by their terms address matters only as of a specified date, which are made only as of such specified date), as described below. These representations and warranties relate to, among other things:

 

   

due organization, good standing and qualification;

 

   

authority to enter into the Business Combination Agreement (and other Transaction Documents);

 

   

absence of conflicts with or violations of governance documents, other obligations or laws;

 

   

governmental approvals;

 

   

capital structure;

 

   

financial statements and the absence of undisclosed material liabilities;

 

   

absence of investigations or litigation;

 

   

compliance with applicable laws;

 

   

material contracts;

 

   

government contracts;

 

   

employee benefit matters and labor matters;

 

   

tax matters;

 

   

payment of fees to brokers or finders in connection with the Combination;

 

   

insurance;

 

   

permits;

 

   

regulatory matters;

 

   

interests in real property;

 

   

intellectual property matters;

 

   

environmental matters;

 

   

absence of certain changes or events;

 

   

affiliate matters;

 

   

accuracy of information supplied; and

 

   

corporate approvals.

Pfizer has also made representations and warranties to the Mylan Parties in the Business Combination Agreement with respect to the following subject matters:

 

   

internal controls over financial reporting;

 

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the financing commitments contemplated by the Newco Commitment Letter (as defined below);

 

   

ownership by Pfizer and Newco of Mylan ordinary shares; and

 

   

the sufficiency of the assets to be transferred to Newco in connection with the Separation.

The Mylan Parties have also made representations and warranties to Pfizer and Newco in the Business Combination Agreement with respect to the following subject matters:

 

   

the opinion of Mylan’s financial advisers and the required vote of Mylan’s shareholders to effect the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement;

 

   

certain findings of the Mylan Board; and

 

   

no anti-takeover measures.

Many of the representations and warranties contained in the Business Combination Agreement are subject to a “Material Adverse Effect” standard (as described below), knowledge qualifications, or both.

None of the representations and warranties will survive the closing of the Combination, except for certain representations and warranties of Pfizer relating to itself and Newco and the Mylan Parties relating to the information supplied specifically for inclusion in, or incorporation by reference into, certain documents required to be filed with the SEC in connection with the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination. These representations and warranties shall, solely for purposes of the indemnification provisions set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement, survive until the 15-month anniversary of the closing. The Business Combination Agreement does not contain any post-closing indemnification obligations with respect to breaches of the representations and warranties therein.

Under the Business Combination Agreement, a “Material Adverse Effect” means any change, event, development, occurrence or effect that (a) with respect to Pfizer, has a material adverse effect on the ability of Pfizer to consummate the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination before the Outside Date, and (b) with respect to Mylan or Newco, as applicable, (i) has a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition or results of operations of Mylan and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, or Newco and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, or (ii) has a material adverse effect on the ability (A) of Pfizer to consummate the Separation, the Distribution and the Combination, (B) of Newco or Acquisition Sub to consummate the Combination, or (C) of Mylan to consummate the Combination, in each case before the Outside Date; provided, however, that, with respect to clause (i) only, none of the following, either alone or in combination, will be deemed to constitute, or be taken into account in determining whether there is a Material Adverse Effect:

 

   

any changes resulting from general market, economic, financial, capital markets or political or regulatory conditions;

 

   

any changes or proposed changes to applicable law or U.S. GAAP (or, in each case, authoritative interpretations thereof);

 

   

any changes resulting from weather, natural disaster or any man-made disaster, any act of terrorism, war, national or international hostilities, or any worsening thereof;

 

   

any changes generally affecting the industries in which Mylan and its subsidiaries, or Newco and its subsidiaries, as applicable, conduct their business;

 

   

any changes resulting from the execution of the Business Combination Agreement or the other Transaction Documents, the identity of Mylan, Newco, Acquisition Sub and Pfizer as counterparties to the Business Combination Agreement, as applicable, or the announcement of the Business Combination Agreement or the other Transaction Documents, or the transactions contemplated thereby, including any loss of employees or customers, any cancellation of or delay in customer orders or any disruption in or termination of (or loss of or other negative effect or change with respect to) customer,

 

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supplier, distributor or similar business relationships or partnerships resulting from the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement or the other Transaction Documents (provided that this does not apply for any representation or warranty of Pfizer or the Mylan Parties to the extent that the purpose of such representation and warranty is to address the consequences resulting from the execution and delivery of the Business Combination Agreement or the other Transaction Documents, the consummation of the Combination or the other transactions contemplated thereby or the performance of obligations under the Business Combination Agreement);

 

   

changes in Pfizer’s stock price or the trading volume of Pfizer’s stock, or the price or the trading volume of Mylan ordinary shares, as applicable, or any change in the credit rating of Pfizer, Newco or Mylan, as applicable (but not, in each case, the underlying cause of any such changes, unless such underlying cause would otherwise be excepted by another clause of this definition);

 

   

any changes or effects resulting from any action required to be taken by the terms of the Transaction Documents (other than with respect to actions required to be taken in accordance with the covenants requiring the Upjohn Business and Mylan to be operated in the ordinary course of business prior to Closing);

 

   

the failure of Pfizer, Newco or Mylan, as applicable, to meet internal or analysts’ expectations or projections of results of operations (but not, in each case, the underlying cause of any such changes, unless such underlying cause would otherwise be excepted by another clause of this definition);

 

   

national, provincial or local governmental or regulatory drug policy initiatives impacting the approval, pricing, procurement or reimbursement of products in China; or

 

   

any action brought by any Mylan shareholder arising from or relating to the Separation or the Combination, or the other transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents.

However, in the case of the matters described in the first four bullet points listed above, those matters may be taken into account in determining whether a Material Adverse Effect has occurred or would reasonably be expected to occur if and to the extent such changes have a disproportionate impact on Newco and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, or Mylan and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, as applicable, as compared to other participants in the industries in which Newco and its subsidiaries, or Mylan and its subsidiaries, as applicable, conduct their businesses (in which case the incremental disproportionate impact may be taken into account in determining whether there has been a Material Adverse Effect).

Conduct of Business Pending the Combination

In the Business Combination Agreement, Mylan and Pfizer have undertaken to perform customary covenants until closing. In general, each of Mylan, Pfizer (only with respect to the Upjohn Business) and the Upjohn Entities (as defined below) has agreed that, before closing, except as contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement, the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the step plan set forth on a schedule to the Separation and Distribution Agreement, as it may be updated in accordance with the Separation and Distribution Agreement (the “Internal Reorganization Plan”), or the other Transaction Documents, required by applicable law or consented to by the other party, and subject to certain other agreed exceptions, it will use its commercially reasonable efforts to conduct its business in the ordinary course of business.

In addition, the Business Combination Agreement places specific restrictions on the ability of Mylan and its subsidiaries to, except as contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement or the other Transaction Documents, required by applicable law or consented to in writing by Pfizer, and subject to certain other agreed exceptions, qualifications and conditions, among other things:

 

   

amend or modify its organizational documents, other than immaterial amendments;

 

   

(a) authorize, declare, set aside or pay any dividends or distributions in respect of its capital stock; (b) split, combine or reclassify any of its interests or issue any other securities in lieu of or in

 

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substitution for, any of its interests; (c) redeem, purchase or otherwise acquire any of its capital stock or interests (including any convertible securities), other than the acquisition of Mylan ordinary shares from holders of Mylan equity awards in satisfaction of withholding obligations or in payment of the exercise price in accordance with the terms thereof or in connection with the forfeiture of any stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock units or other rights granted under the Mylan Inc. Amended and Restated 2003 Long-Term Incentive Plan, in each case, in the ordinary course of business; or (d) enter into any voting or registration agreement with respect to its capital stock or its interests;

 

   

issue, sell, dispose of, grant, transfer or otherwise encumber or authorize the issuance of any of its voting debt, capital stock or its other interests, or any options, warrants or other rights to acquire any capital stock or other interests, or any other ownership interest, other than (a) issuance of Mylan ordinary shares upon the exercise or settlement of Mylan equity awards, (b) issuance of Mylan equity awards required by the terms of any Mylan benefit plan, (c) issuance by a wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan of its capital stock to Mylan or another wholly owned subsidiary of Mylan, or (d) the issuance of shares of Mylan preferred stock to Stichting Preferred Shares Mylan, a foundation (stichting) incorporated under the laws of the Netherlands (the “Foundation”), in compliance with the Business Combination Agreement;

 

   

sell, transfer, lease, license, encumber or otherwise dispose of any assets that are material to Mylan and its subsidiaries (taken as a whole), other than (a) non-exclusive licenses, (b) sales or other dispositions of obsolete assets or inventory in the ordinary course of business, (c) other dispositions of assets (other than intellectual property) in an amount not to exceed $100 million in the aggregate or (d) the factoring of receivables in the ordinary course of business;

 

   

merge, combine or consolidate Mylan or any of its subsidiaries with any person or adopt a plan or resolution for liquidation, recapitalization or other reorganization of Mylan or any of its subsidiaries, other than (a) internal reorganizations without a material and adverse impact on Mylan and its subsidiaries or the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement, or (b) repayment or refinancing of debt in accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement;

 

   

acquire any interest in or assets of any person, other than (a) in the ordinary course of business, or (b) acquisitions for which the amounts paid or transferred do not exceed $30 million individually or $300 million in the aggregate;

 

   

repurchase, repay, prepay, refinance or incur any debt, issue any debt securities, engage in any securitization transactions or similar arrangements, or assume or guarantee the obligations of any person for debt, other than (a) assumption or guarantee of the obligations of Mylan or any of its subsidiaries, (b) (i) drawings under the Revolving Credit Agreement, dated as of July 27, 2018, among Mylan Inc., Mylan, the lenders and issuing banks party thereto from time to time and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, as amended, in an amount not to exceed the aggregate amount of lending commitments available thereunder as of the date of the Business Combination Agreement, (ii) transactions under Mylan’s existing receivables facility, (iii) issuances of commercial paper under Mylan’s existing commercial paper program, (iv) other short-term borrowings (other than the issuance of debt securities registered under the Securities Act) in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $150 million at any time outstanding, (v) the factoring of receivables, (vi) the incurrence and repayment of indebtedness under overdraft facilities and (vii) pursuant to transactions under any swap, forward, futures, hedge or similar derivative arrangement, entered into for bona fide hedging purposes and not for speculative purposes, in each case subject to certain conditions and provided that such incurrence would not reasonably be expected to adversely impact the ability of Mylan to obtain the financing or materially delay the timing of the consummation of the financing, (c) the repurchase, repayment, prepayment, refinancing or incurrence of indebtedness solely between or among Mylan and its subsidiaries or any Mylan subsidiaries, or (d) the incurrence of indebtedness (other than the issuance

 

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of debt securities registered under the Securities Act) in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $100 million at any time outstanding and subject to certain conditions;

 

   

make material loans to or investments in, or material advances to any person, other than (a) loans, investments or advances to Mylan or any of its wholly owned subsidiaries, or (b) extensions of credit and advances to employees or officers of Mylan or any of its subsidiaries for expenses incurred in the ordinary course of business;

 

   

enter into, materially modify in a manner adverse to any of Mylan and its subsidiaries, or voluntarily terminate, any material contracts or affiliate contracts of Mylan or modify or enter into any contract if that would reasonably be expected to result in Newco having a below investment grade rating, other than (a) in the ordinary course of business or (b) the expiration in accordance with the terms of such contract;

 

   

(a) grant any material increases in the compensation or benefits of, or pay or agree to pay any amount not otherwise due to, any current or former employee, director or other service provider of any of Mylan and its subsidiaries; (b) enter into or adopt any new material Mylan benefit plan, or materially amend or terminate any existing Mylan benefit plan; (c) enter into any employment, severance or termination agreement with any current or former director or employee of any of Mylan and its subsidiaries; or (d) accelerate the vesting of, or the lapsing of restrictions with respect to, any equity-based or other incentive-based compensation, other than (i) as required by the terms of any Mylan benefit plan, or (ii) actions taken in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice that do not have the effect of increasing the compensation or benefits of an employee in Mylan’s Tier I or any other employee in Mylan’s pay grade of 70 or higher;

 

   

establish, adopt, enter into, terminate or materially amend any collective bargaining agreement, other than renewals on market terms in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice;

 

   

make any material change to any financial accounting principles, methods or practices of any Upjohn Entity, other than as required or permitted by U.S. GAAP (or International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the European Union, where it concerns Mylan’s statutory financial statements (jaarrekening) prepared under Dutch law) or applicable law;

 

   

settle or otherwise compromise any litigation, investigation or other action, other than any settlement or compromise (a) for monetary damages of not more than $20 million and (b) that does not involve any non-monetary relief against Mylan or its subsidiaries;

 

   

make, change or revoke any material tax election, or settle any material tax liability, other than (a) in the ordinary course of business or (b) as would not be reasonably expected to have a material and adverse impact on Mylan and its subsidiaries, or, after the Combination, Newco and its subsidiaries (taken as a whole);

 

   

use cash outside the ordinary course of business for any purpose other than to repay or prepay indebtedness of Mylan and its subsidiaries unless Mylan reasonably expects that the net indebtedness of Mylan immediately before the closing (giving effect to any such repayments and prepayments and other uses of cash outside the ordinary course of business) will not be greater than $12.6 billion; or

 

   

authorize or enter into any contract to do any of the foregoing or otherwise make any commitment to do any of the foregoing.

In addition, the Business Combination Agreement places specific restrictions on the ability of Pfizer and its subsidiaries (only with respect to the Upjohn Entities (as defined below) and the Upjohn Business) to, except as contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement, the other Transaction Documents or the Internal Reorganization Plan, required by applicable law or consented to in writing by Mylan, and subject to certain other agreed exceptions, among other things:

 

   

amend or modify the certificate of incorporation or bylaws (or similar organizational documents) of Newco or any entity that will be a subsidiary of Newco after giving effect to the Separation (together with

 

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Newco, the “Upjohn Entities”), other than (a) immaterial amendments or (b) amendments to increase the number of authorized shares of Newco common stock to facilitate the contemplated transactions;

 

   

(a) authorize, declare, set aside or pay any dividends or distributions in respect of any of the Upjohn Entities, other than dividends and distributions by wholly owned subsidiaries of Pfizer or Newco; (b) split, combine or reclassify any interests of any Upjohn Entities or issue any other securities in lieu of or in substitution for, any interests of the Upjohn Entities; (c) redeem, purchase or otherwise acquire any capital stock or interests (including any convertible securities) of any Upjohn Entity, other than any capital stock or interests held by another Upjohn Entity or any of Pfizer and its subsidiaries, after giving effect to the Separation (each, a “Pfizer Entity”) or acquired by another Upjohn Entity; or (d) enter into any voting or registration agreement with respect to the capital stock or other interests of any Upjohn Entity;

 

   

issue, sell, dispose of, grant, transfer or otherwise encumber or authorize the issuance of any capital stock or other interests in any Upjohn Entity, or any options, warrants or other rights to acquire any capital stock or other interests, or any other ownership interest, of the Upjohn Entities or of the Pfizer Entities with respect to the Newco employees, other than (a) issuance of Pfizer common stock upon the exercise or settlement of Pfizer equity awards, (b) issuance of Pfizer equity awards required by the terms of any Pfizer benefit plan as in effect as of the date of the Business Combination Agreement, or (c) issuance by a wholly owned subsidiary of Newco of its capital stock to Newco or another wholly owned subsidiary of Newco or to any Pfizer Entity in connection with the Separation;

 

   

sell, transfer, lease, license, encumber or otherwise dispose of any assets that are material to the Upjohn Business, other than (a) non-exclusive licenses, (b) sales or other dispositions of obsolete assets or inventory in the ordinary course of business, (c) other dispositions of assets (other than intellectual property) in an amount not to exceed $100 million in the aggregate, or (d) the factoring of receivables in the ordinary course of business;

 

   

merge, combine or consolidate any of the Upjohn Entities with any person or adopt a plan or resolution for liquidation, recapitalization or other reorganization of any of the Upjohn Entities, other than (a) internal reorganizations without a material and adverse impact on the Upjohn Entities, the Upjohn Business or the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement or (b) repayment or refinancing of debt in accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement;

 

   

acquire any interest in or assets of any person that would be an asset of Newco, other than (a) in the ordinary course of business, (b) acquisitions for which the purchase price will be paid by Pfizer before the date on which Pfizer no longer holds shares of Newco common stock as a consequence of the Distribution or (c) acquisitions for which the amounts paid or transferred do not exceed $30 million individually or $300 million in the aggregate;

 

   

repurchase, repay, prepay, refinance or incur any debt, issue any debt securities, engage in any securitization transactions or similar arrangements, or assume or guarantee the obligations of any person for debt, other than (a) assumption or guarantee of the obligations of another Upjohn Entity, (b) the incurrence of debt to effect the Cash Distribution, (c) the repurchase, repayment, prepayment, refinancing or incurrence of debt solely between or among Upjohn Entities, (d) the repurchase, repayment, prepayment or incurrence of any debt or any other liability between an Upjohn Entity and a Pfizer Entity, so long as such debt or such other liability is repaid before the closing, (e) the factoring of receivables in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, (f) incurrence and repayment of debt under overdraft facilities in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, or (g) in respect of debt in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $100 million at any time outstanding, subject to certain specified conditions, unless, in each case, such actions would reasonably be expected to result in Newco having a below investment grade rating;

 

   

make material loans to or investments in, or material advances, to any person, other than (a) loans, investments or advances to the Upjohn Entities, or (b) extensions of credit and advances to employees or officers of any Upjohn Entity for expenses incurred in the ordinary course of business;

 

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enter into, materially modify in a manner adverse to any Upjohn Entity or the Upjohn Business, or voluntarily terminate, any material contracts or affiliate contracts of Newco, or modify or enter into any contract if that would reasonably be expected to result in Newco having a below investment grade rating, other than (a) in the ordinary course of business or (b) the expiration in accordance with the terms of such contract;

 

   

(a) grant any increases in the compensation or benefits of, or pay any amount not otherwise due to, any current or former Newco employee or any other current or former employee, director or service provider to the Upjohn Business; (b) enter into or adopt any new material Newco benefit plan, or materially amend or terminate any existing benefit plan of the Upjohn Business; (c) enter into any employment, severance or termination agreement with any Newco employee or any director or employee providing services to the Upjohn Business; or (d) accelerate the vesting of, or the lapsing of restrictions with respect to, any equity-based or other incentive-based compensation, other than (i) as required by the terms of any Newco benefit plan or Pfizer benefit plan, (ii) actions taken in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice that do not have the effect of increasing the compensation or benefits of an employee who is a member of Pfizer’s Global Leadership Council, (iii) in connection with any action that applies uniformly to Newco employees and other similarly situated employees of any of the Pfizer Entities or (iv) for any commitment for which any of the Pfizer Entities will be solely obligated to pay;

 

   

establish, adopt, enter into, terminate or materially amend any collective bargaining agreement, other than (a) renewals on market terms in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice or (b) renewals on market terms consistent with the treatment of employees of any of the Pfizer Entities represented by the same union as the Newco employees covered by the collective bargaining agreement;

 

   

make any material change to any financial accounting principles, methods or practices of any Upjohn Entity, other than as required or permitted by U.S. GAAP or applicable law;

 

   

settle or otherwise compromise any litigation, investigation or other action that would be a liability of Newco, other than any settlement or compromise (a) for monetary damages of not more than $20 million and (b) that does not involve any non-monetary relief against the Upjohn Entities or the Upjohn Business;

 

   

make, change or revoke any material tax election in respect of the Upjohn Business that would bind any Upjohn Entity for periods following the closing of the Combination, or settle any material tax liability of any Upjohn Entity, other than (a) in the ordinary course of business or (b) as would not be reasonably expected to have a material and adverse impact on the Upjohn Entities (taken as a whole), or, after the Combination, Newco and its subsidiaries (taken as a whole); or

 

   

authorize or enter into any contract to do any of the foregoing or otherwise make any commitment to do any of the foregoing.

Mylan Shareholders Meeting

Mylan must hold a general meeting for its shareholders for the approval of the Mylan Merger and the Alternative Transaction Structure (the “Mylan Shareholders Meeting”) as soon as reasonably practicable, but not before one month has expired (subject to extension of such term pursuant to the Dutch General Act on Terms (Algemene termijnenwet)) after the requisite announcements and filings to effectuate the Mylan Merger under applicable Dutch law has been made (such announcement and filings may not be made earlier than February 10, 2020, unless as mutually agreed in writing by Mylan, Pfizer and Newco). See “—The Mylan Merger.”

Mylan is required to submit to its shareholders for approval, regardless of whether the Mylan Board makes a Mylan Change in Recommendation (as defined below), the Combination Proposal (consisting of the Mylan Merger Resolution, the Share Sale Resolution, the Mylan Newco Liquidation Resolutions, the Alternative

 

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Transaction Resolutions and the Discharge Resolution). Mylan may, after consultation in good faith with Pfizer, cancel and reconvene the Mylan Shareholders Meeting only (a) if a quorum has not been established; (b) to ensure that any supplement or amendment of Mylan Shareholders Meeting materials that the Mylan Board reasonably determines in good faith is necessary to comply with applicable law is made available to the Mylan shareholders, (c) to re-solicit proxies in favor of the matters submitted to vote if, as of such time, insufficient proxies have been received to approve such matters; (d) if required by law or governmental order; or (e) with the prior written consent of Pfizer; provided that, without the prior written consent of Pfizer, Mylan will not be permitted to cancel or reconvene the Mylan Shareholders Meeting more than once, and Mylan will, in no event, cancel and reconvene the Mylan Shareholders Meeting to a date that is more than 30 days after the original date scheduled for such meeting without the written consent of Pfizer.

If the Mylan Merger is not consummated within the period specified by Section 2:318(1) of the Dutch Civil Code, and Pfizer and Mylan mutually agree not to adopt the Alternative Transaction Structure, then Mylan shall take all required steps to have the Mylan Merger Resolution replaced by a new resolution of the Mylan general meeting to enter into and effectuate a legal triangular merger (juridische driehoeksfusie), whereby Mylan would merge with and into Mylan Newco Sub, as the acquiring company, and whereby Mylan Newco would allot shares in its capital to each holder of Mylan ordinary shares at the time of the merger.

No Solicitation by Mylan; Competing Proposal

The Business Combination Agreement contains provisions restricting Mylan’s ability to solicit an alternative transaction. Under these provisions, Mylan may not, directly or indirectly, and may not authorize or permit its subsidiaries or authorize or knowingly permit its or their respective representatives to, directly or indirectly:

 

   

solicit, initiate or knowingly encourage or facilitate or engage in, continue or otherwise participate in discussions or negotiations regarding, any inquiry, proposal or offer, which constitutes or would be reasonably expected to lead to a Competing Proposal (as defined below);

 

   

furnish any non-public or confidential information or afford access to properties, books or records to any person in connection with or for the purpose of soliciting or knowingly encouraging or facilitating a Competing Proposal;

 

   

approve or recommend, or propose to approve or recommend, or execute or enter into any letter of intent, memorandum of understanding, agreement in principle, merger agreement, or other agreement relating to a Competing Proposal or that would reasonably be expected to lead to a Competing Proposal or that would require Mylan to abandon or fail to consummate the Combination; or

 

   

propose publicly or agree to do any of the foregoing.

Mylan also agreed to cease, and to cause its subsidiaries and representatives to cease, any discussions or negotiations with any person that may have been ongoing with respect to a Competing Proposal before the date of the Business Combination Agreement.

The term “Competing Proposal” means any inquiry, proposal or offer for, or indication of interest in, any:

 

   

direct or indirect acquisition, exclusive license or purchase of any business or assets of Mylan or any of its subsidiaries that, individually or in the aggregate, constitutes 15% or more of the net revenues, net income or assets of Mylan and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole;

 

   

direct or indirect acquisition or purchase of 15% or more of any class of equity securities, or interests representing 15% or more of the outstanding voting power, of Mylan;

 

   

tender offer or exchange offer that, if consummated, would result in any person or group (or the stockholders of any person or group) beneficially owning 15% or more of any class of equity securities, or interests representing 15% or more of the outstanding voting power, of Mylan; or

 

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merger, consolidation, business combination, share exchange, joint venture, partnership, recapitalization, liquidation, dissolution or similar transaction involving any business of Mylan or any of its subsidiaries that constitutes 15% or more of the net revenue, net income or assets of Mylan and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole.

A Competing Proposal does not include any inquiry, proposal, offer, or indication of interest by the Foundation for the exercise or possible exercise by the Foundation of the Call Option (as defined below) in compliance with the Business Combination Agreement.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, if an unsolicited Competing Proposal is submitted to Mylan, then before the Mylan Shareholder Approval, Mylan may, directly or indirectly through its representatives (a) furnish information and access to such person or group and its representatives and (b) participate in discussions and negotiate with such person concerning any such unsolicited Competing Proposal, in each case only if, (i) the submission of such Competing Proposal did not result from or arise in connection with a breach of the non-solicitation provisions of the Business Combination Agreement, (ii) the Mylan Board concludes, after consultation with its outside legal counsel and financial advisors, that such Competing Proposal would reasonably be expected to result in a Superior Proposal (as defined below), (iii) Mylan receives from the person or group making such Competing Proposal an executed acceptable confidentiality agreement, and (iv) the Mylan Board determines in good faith (after consultation with its outside legal counsel and financial advisors) that the failure to take such action would be inconsistent with the Mylan directors’ fiduciary duties to Mylan’s shareholders and other stakeholders under applicable law. Pfizer shall be entitled to receive an executed copy of any such acceptable confidentiality agreement and notification of the identity of such person promptly after Mylan’s entering into such discussions or negotiations or furnishing information to the person or group making such Competing Proposal or its representatives. Mylan shall promptly provide or make available to Pfizer any information concerning Mylan and any of its subsidiaries that is provided to the person or group making such Competing Proposal or its representatives which was not previously provided or made available to Pfizer.

If Mylan receives a Competing Proposal, any inquiry, proposal or indication of interest that would reasonably be expected to lead to a Competing Proposal, any request for non-public information relating to Mylan or any Mylan subsidiary or for access to the properties, books or records of Mylan or any Mylan subsidiary by any person or group that has made or would reasonably be expected to make a Competing Proposal, or any request for discussions or negotiations in respect of any Competing Proposal, Mylan will (a) as promptly as practicable notify (which notice shall identify the person or group making such Competing Proposal, inquiry, proposal, indication of interest or request and set forth the material terms thereof (including a copy of such Competing Proposal, if any)) Pfizer thereof and (b) keep Pfizer reasonably and promptly informed of the status and material terms of any such Competing Proposal, inquiry, proposal, indication of interest or request. Mylan must provide to Pfizer as promptly as practicable after receipt or delivery thereof copies of all documentation comprising such Competing Proposal or other documentation that is material to understanding such Competing Proposal received by Mylan or any Mylan subsidiary from the person or group making a Competing Proposal (or such person’s representatives) and of all material documentation provided by Mylan or any Mylan subsidiary to the person or group making a Competing Proposal (or such person’s representatives) that comprises any counterproposal or any other material substantive response by Mylan to the person or group making such Competing Proposal.

Mylan Board Recommendation; Superior Proposal

Mylan has agreed that the Mylan Board will recommend the approval and adoption of the Mylan Shareholders Meeting Resolutions by the general meeting of shareholders of Mylan (the “Mylan Recommendation”) and include such Mylan Recommendation in this document and will use its reasonable best efforts to (a) solicit from its shareholders proxies in favor of the approval of the resolutions required under the Mylan Shareholder Approval, and (b) take all other actions necessary or advisable to secure the Mylan

 

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Shareholder Approval. Unless permitted by the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, neither the Mylan Board nor any committee thereof will:

 

   

withhold, withdraw, modify or qualify, or propose to withhold, withdraw, modify or qualify, in any manner adverse to Pfizer, Newco or their respective affiliates, the approval of the Business Combination Agreement or the Mylan Recommendation;

 

   

recommend, adopt or approve, or propose publicly to recommend, adopt or approve, any Competing Proposal;

 

   

approve, endorse or recommend, or propose publicly to approve, endorse or recommend, or allow Mylan or any of its subsidiaries to execute or enter into, any letter of intent, memorandum of understanding, agreement in principle, merger agreement, acquisition agreement, stock purchase agreement, asset purchase agreement or stock exchange, option agreement, joint venture agreement, partnership agreement or other similar agreement relating to a Competing Proposal or that would reasonably be expected to lead to a Competing Proposal or that would require Mylan to abandon or fail to consummate the Combination (other than an acceptable confidentiality agreement entered into in accordance with the Business Combination Agreement); or

 

   

resolve, agree or publicly propose to do any of the foregoing.

Each action described in the first three bullet points listed above is referred to as a “Mylan Change in Recommendation.”

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Mylan Board may, at any time before the occurrence of the Mylan Shareholder Approval, make a Mylan Change in Recommendation, if each of the following conditions is satisfied:

 

   

the Mylan Board has determined in good faith, after consultation with its outside legal counsel and financial advisors, that a Competing Proposal that did not result from a breach of any of the no solicitation provisions of the Business Combination Agreement constitutes a Superior Proposal;

 

   

before, taking any such action, Mylan gave Pfizer at least four business days’ written notice of its Board’s intent to effect a Mylan Change in Recommendation and the notice specified the material terms and conditions of the Competing Proposal, identified the person making the Competing Proposal and included a copy of the proposed acquisition agreement (if any);

 

   

during such period of at least four business days (with an extension of two additional business days for any new notice as a result of a material amendment to the terms of such Competing Proposal), if requested by Pfizer, Mylan and its representatives have negotiated with Pfizer and its representatives in good faith with respect to any revisions or adjustments proposed by Pfizer to the terms and conditions of the Business Combination Agreement; and

 

   

at the end of such applicable four-business day period or two-business day extension period, the Mylan Board, after considering in good faith any such revisions or adjustments to the terms and conditions of the Business Combination Agreement that Pfizer has offered, continues to determine in good faith (after consultation with its outside legal counsel and financial advisors) that the Competing Proposal constitutes a Superior Proposal and that failure to make such Mylan Change in Recommendation would be inconsistent with the Mylan directors’ fiduciary duties to Mylan’s shareholders and other stakeholders under applicable law.

Notwithstanding any Mylan Change in Recommendation, unless the Business Combination Agreement is terminated in accordance with its terms before the occurrence of the Mylan Shareholder Approval, the Mylan Shareholders Meeting Resolutions must be submitted to the shareholders of Mylan for approval at the Mylan Shareholders Meeting whether or not (a) the Mylan Board has effected a Mylan Change in Recommendation or (b) any Competing Proposal has been publicly proposed or announced or otherwise submitted to Mylan or any of its representatives.

 

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The term “Superior Proposal” means any bona fide written Competing Proposal, that the Mylan Board determines in its good faith judgment (after taking into account all financial, legal, regulatory, timing, risk of consummation and other aspects of such Competing Proposal and after consultation with its outside legal counsel and financial advisors) is more favorable to Mylan and its shareholders and other stakeholders than the Combination and the other transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement, provided, that for purposes of this definition, all references to “15%” in the definition of “Competing Proposal” above will be deemed references to “75%”.

No Solicitation by Pfizer; Competing Upjohn Proposal

Under the Business Combination Agreement Pfizer may not, directly or indirectly, and may not authorize or permit its subsidiaries or authorize or knowingly permit its or their respective representatives to, directly or indirectly:

 

   

solicit, initiate or knowingly encourage or facilitate or engage in, continue or otherwise participate in discussions or negotiations regarding, any inquiry, proposal or offer, which constitutes or would be reasonably expected to lead to a Competing Upjohn Proposal (as defined below);

 

   

furnish any non-public or confidential information or afford access to properties, books or records to any person in connection with or for the purpose of soliciting or knowingly encouraging or facilitating a Competing Upjohn Proposal;

 

   

approve or recommend, or propose to approve or recommend, or execute or enter into any letter of intent, memorandum of understanding, agreement in principle, merger agreement, or other agreement relating to a Competing Upjohn Proposal or that would reasonably be expected to lead to a Competing Upjohn Proposal or that would require Pfizer to abandon or fail to consummate the Combination; or

 

   

propose publicly or agree to do any of the foregoing.

Pfizer also agreed to cease, and to cause its subsidiaries and representatives to cease, any discussions or negotiations with any person that may have been ongoing with respect to a Competing Upjohn Proposal before the date of the Business Combination Agreement.

The term “Competing Upjohn Proposal” means any inquiry, proposal or offer for, or indication of interest in, any:

 

   

direct or indirect acquisition, exclusive license or purchase of any business or assets of Pfizer or any of its subsidiaries that, individually or in the aggregate, constitutes 15% or more of the net revenues, net income or assets of the Upjohn Business, taken as a whole;

 

   

direct or indirect acquisition or purchase of 15% or more of any class of equity securities, or interests representing 15% or more of the outstanding voting power, of any Upjohn Entity; or

 

   

merger, consolidation, business combination, share exchange, joint venture, partnership, recapitalization, liquidation, dissolution or similar transaction involving any business of Pfizer or any of its subsidiaries that constitutes 15% or more of the net revenue, net income or assets of the Upjohn Business, taken as a whole.

Indemnification and Directors’ and Officers’ Insurance

For a period of six years after the closing of the Combination, Newco will indemnify and hold harmless each person who is, or at any time before the closing has been, a director or officer of Mylan or any of its subsidiaries and each person who served as a director, officer or fiduciary of another company, joint venture, trust or other enterprise if such service was at the request of Mylan or any of its subsidiaries against any costs or expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines, losses, claims, damages or liabilities incurred

 

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in connection with any claim, action, suit, proceeding or investigation arising out of or pertaining to matters existing or occurring at or before the closing, whether asserted or claimed before, at or after the closing (including advancing expenses). Newco, Mylan and Mylan Newco Sub agree that, for a period of six years after the closing, neither Mylan nor any of its successors will, and Newco will cause Mylan and its successors not to, amend, repeal or modify any provision in its organizational documents in a manner that would adversely affect the rights or exculpation or indemnification of present or former directors or officers of Mylan and its subsidiaries, except as required by law.

At or before the closing of the Combination, any of the Mylan Parties or Newco may purchase a “tail” directors’ and officers’ liability insurance policy covering the indemnified parties listed above who are, or at any time before the closing were, covered by Mylan’s existing directors’ and officers’ liability insurance policies, for a period of at least six years after the closing and on terms and conditions no less advantageous to such indemnified parties than such existing insurance, with a substantially comparable insurer to the existing insurer, provided that, if purchased by Mylan, the premium thereof must not exceed 300% of the last annual premium paid by Mylan before July 29, 2019. If such a policy is not purchased by Newco or any of the Mylan Parties, then for a period of six years after the closing, Newco will maintain the current officers’ and directors’ liability insurance covering the indemnified parties who are, or at any time before the closing were, covered by Mylan’s existing officers’ and directors’ liability insurance policies with respect to claims arising from facts or events, or actions or omissions, which occurred or are alleged to have occurred at or before the closing, provided that Newco will not be required to pay annual premiums in excess of 300% of the last annual premium paid by Mylan before July 29, 2019.

Reasonable Best Efforts; Filings

The Business Combination Agreement provides that each party to the Business Combination Agreement will use reasonable best efforts to take, or cause to be taken, all actions and to do, or cause to be done, and to assist and cooperate with the other parties in doing or causing to be done, all things necessary, proper or advisable under the Business Combination Agreement and applicable laws to consummate the Combination and the other transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents as soon as practicable after the date of the Business Combination Agreement, including preparing and filing as promptly as practicable all documentation to effect all necessary applications, notices, petitions and filings and to obtain specified required governmental consents and any other material consents, approvals, waivers or clearances that are required to be obtained or made at or before closing from any third party and/or any governmental authority to consummate the Combination or any of the other transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents.

Each party to the Business Combination Agreement has also agreed to promptly make its respective filings under the HSR Act and to make any other required or appropriate filings under any competition laws with respect to the Combination and the other transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents and to supply the appropriate governmental authorities any additional information and documentary material that may be requested pursuant to the HSR Act and such other laws as promptly as practicable. The parties have agreed to use reasonable best efforts to cause the expiration or termination of any applicable waiting period under the HSR Act and approvals under other applicable competition laws as soon as practicable. See the section entitled “The Transactions—Regulatory Approvals Related to the Combination” for more information on the status of these filings and approvals as of the date of this document.

In addition, each of the parties has agreed to take, or cause to be taken, any and all steps and to make any and all undertakings necessary to avoid or eliminate each and every impediment under any antitrust, merger control, competition, national security or trade regulation law that may be asserted by any governmental authority with respect to the Combination or any of the transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents, so as to enable closing to occur as soon as reasonably possible, including (a) proposing, negotiating, committing to, and effecting, by consent decree, hold separate order, or otherwise, the sale, divestiture, licensing or disposition of such assets or businesses of Newco or Mylan or their respective subsidiaries, as applicable, or (b) otherwise taking or committing to take actions that limit Newco or Mylan or their respective subsidiaries’, as

 

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applicable, freedom of action with respect to, or their ability to retain, any of the businesses, product lines or assets of Newco or Mylan (the actions referred to in clauses (a) and (b) collectively, “Remedial Actions”), in each case, as may be required to satisfy certain conditions to closing and avoid the entry of, or to effect the dissolution of, any injunction, temporary restraining order, or other order in any suit or proceeding, which would otherwise have the effect of preventing closing or the closing of any other transaction contemplated by the Transaction Documents (provided that the effectiveness of any such Remedial Action must be contingent on consummation of the closing or such other closing, respectively); provided, further, that without the prior written consent of Mylan, none of Pfizer or any Upjohn Party will take, or cause to be taken, any Remedial Action with respect to the Upjohn Business, Upjohn Assets or Upjohn Liabilities (as defined in “Separation and Distribution Agreement—Transfer of Assets and Assumption of Liabilities”). However, the foregoing obligations shall not require Pfizer to agree to any Remedial Action with respect to any assets, liabilities or businesses that are not included in the Upjohn Assets, the Upjohn Liabilities or the Upjohn Business, respectively.

Financing

In connection with its entry into the Separation and Distribution Agreement and the Business Combination Agreement, Newco entered into a commitment letter (as amended, restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement and thereof, and together with all exhibits, schedules, annexes attached thereto and any associated fee letters (as amended, restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement and thereof), the “Newco Commitment Letter”), under which the commitment parties thereto committed to provide Newco with debt financing in the amount set forth therein (the “Financing”), subject to the terms and conditions of the Newco Commitment Letter. The anticipated material terms of the Financing, based on the current expectations of Newco and Mylan, are described in more detail under “Description of Financing.”

The Business Combination Agreement provides that Newco must use reasonable best efforts to (a) maintain in effect, until the earlier of the funding of the initial funding of the Financing and the funding of the Permanent Financing (as defined below) (in each case, in an amount sufficient to fund the Cash Distribution), the Newco Commitment Letter, (b) materially comply with the obligations that are set forth in the Newco Commitment Letter that are applicable to Newco and satisfy on a timely basis all conditions precedent in the Newco Commitment Letter that are within its control, and (c) fully enforce the rights of Newco under the Newco Commitment Letter, in each case, subject to certain exceptions set forth in the Business Combination Agreement.

If any funds in the amounts set forth in the Newco Commitment Letter or the Financing Agreements, or any portion thereof, become unavailable on the terms and conditions contemplated in the Newco Commitment Letter or the Financing Agreements (as defined below), Pfizer (in consultation in good faith with Mylan) shall cause Newco to, and Mylan shall, and shall cause its subsidiaries to, use reasonable best efforts to cooperate to arrange to obtain promptly any such portion from the same or alternative sources, in an amount sufficient, when added to the portion of the Financing that is available, to allow Newco to make the Cash Distribution, and to obtain a new financing commitment that provides for such financing, provided that certain conditions set forth in the Business Combination Agreement are satisfied.

Newco shall not, without the prior written consent of Mylan, amend, modify, supplement, restate, substitute, replace, terminate, or agree to any waiver under the Newco Commitment Letter; provided that Newco may (a) implement or exercise any of the “market flex” provisions exercised by the financing sources party to the Newco Commitment Letter as of the date of the Business Combination Agreement (together with all additional lenders, agents and financing sources added to the Newco Commitment Letter, the “Newco Lenders”) in accordance with the Newco Commitment Letter as of the date of the Business Combination Agreement or (b) amend and restate the Newco Commitment Letter or otherwise execute joinder agreements to the Newco Commitment Letter solely to add additional Newco Lenders.

 

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Each of Newco and Mylan has agreed to cooperate and use reasonable best efforts to cause the arrangement and consummation of the Financing, including, by (a) negotiating definitive agreements with respect thereto, on the terms and conditions contained in the Newco Commitment Letter or on such other terms as are reasonably acceptable to Pfizer and that are not materially less favorable in the aggregate to Newco or Mylan than those in the Newco Commitment Letter as in effect on the date thereof, provided that certain conditions set forth in the Business Combination Agreement are satisfied (the “Financing Agreements”), (b) satisfying on a timely basis all conditions precedent in the Newco Commitment Letter and the Financing Agreements that are within the control of Mylan or any of its subsidiaries, and (c) arranging as promptly as reasonably practicable the Financing before the closing of the Combination on the terms and conditions set forth in the Newco Commitment Letter or on such other terms as are reasonably acceptable to Pfizer and that are not materially less favorable in the aggregate to Newco or Mylan than those in the Newco Commitment Letter as in effect on the date of the Business Combination Agreement, provided that certain conditions set forth in the Business Combination Agreement are satisfied and subject to certain exceptions set forth in the Business Combination Agreement.

Provided that certain conditions set forth in the Business Combination Agreement are satisfied, Pfizer shall cause Newco to, and Newco shall, immediately before the date of the Distribution incur the indebtedness provided for under the Newco Commitment Letter and the Financing Agreements and use the proceeds thereof to make a payment to Pfizer in an aggregate amount equal to the Cash Distribution, on and pursuant to the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement. Newco shall not incur the indebtedness contemplated by the Financing before the date that is one business day before the date of the Distribution without Mylan’s prior written consent (not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed).

If the Business Combination Agreement is terminated pursuant to its terms, Mylan shall, and shall cause its subsidiaries to, (a) pay Pfizer an amount of cash equal to 43% of the Financing Obligations (as defined in the Business Combination Agreement) and (b) indemnify and hold harmless Pfizer, its subsidiaries and its and their representatives from and against 43% of any losses (other than fees and expenses of counsel, accountants, consultants or other advisors) actually suffered or incurred by them in connection with the Financing or the Permanent Financing, and any information utilized in connection therewith (other than information by or on behalf of Pfizer or any of its subsidiaries in writing before the closing date), except to the extent suffered or incurred as a result of the gross negligence, willful misconduct or material breach of the Business Combination Agreement, the Newco Commitment Letter or any Financing Agreement by Pfizer or any of its subsidiaries.

Each of Pfizer, Newco and Mylan has agreed to cooperate and use reasonable best efforts to take, or cause to be taken, and to cause their respective representatives to take or cause to be taken, all actions and to do, or cause to be done, all things necessary, advisable and proper in connection with the arrangement, marketing and consummation of the issuance of any debt securities or the incurrence of any other long-term debt financing by Newco in lieu of the Financing (such financing, the “Permanent Financing”), on or before the closing date, provided that the terms of such Permanent Financing are reasonably satisfactory to Pfizer and Mylan and subject to certain exceptions set forth in the Business Combination Agreement.

Certain Employee and Benefit Matters

For a period of one year following the Effective Time, Newco will provide, or will cause to be provided, to each Newco employee and each Mylan employee (a “Continuing Employee”) for so long as such Continuing Employee remains employed by Newco or its affiliates, base compensation, short-term incentive compensation opportunities and severance benefits that are no less favorable than those in effect immediately before the Effective Time, and other compensation (excluding long-term incentive compensation) and employee benefits that, in the aggregate, are no less favorable than such other compensation and employee benefits (excluding long-term incentive compensation) as provided to such Continuing Employee immediately before the Effective Time. Pfizer and Mylan will cooperate in good faith to develop a market-based long-term incentive program that will apply to Continuing Employees following the Effective Time, which will treat similarly situated employees on a substantially equivalent basis and not discriminate between Newco employees and Mylan employees.

 

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Newco and Mylan will cooperate in respect of consultation obligations and similar notice and bargaining obligations owed to any employees or consultants of any of the Upjohn Entities or any of Mylan and its subsidiaries and will provide compensation and employee benefits in accordance with applicable collective bargaining agreements.

For all purposes under the plans providing benefits to any Continuing Employee after the Effective Time (the “New Plans”), Newco will recognize pre-closing service of Continuing Employees to the same extent recognized by Newco or Mylan before closing, except to the extent such recognition would result in duplication of benefits for the same period of service. In general, Continuing Employees will be immediately eligible to participate in New Plans, will have all preexisting condition exclusions and actively-at-work requirements waived and will be credited for any eligible expenses incurred before commencing participation in the New Plans for purposes of satisfying all deductible, coinsurance and maximum out-of-pocket requirements, subject to customary exceptions.

The transactions will constitute a “change of control” for purposes of applicable Mylan compensation and benefit plans.

From and after the Effective Time, Newco will assume and honor each outstanding Mylan cash-based long-term incentive award.

Pfizer and Mylan will cooperate in good faith in respect of any written broad-based notices or communication materials from Mylan or its affiliates to Mylan employees, or from Newco or its affiliates to Newco employees or Mylan employees in respect of the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement or relating to post-closing employment, compensation or benefits matters.

Employee Non-Solicitation

From July 29, 2019 until the date that is 12 months after the closing date of the Combination, Pfizer will not, and will cause its subsidiaries not to, without the prior written consent of Mylan and, following the closing date, Newco, directly or indirectly, solicit or offer to hire or hire any employees at the level of senior director or higher of Mylan or, following the closing date, Newco (collectively, the “Mylan Covered Employees”), or otherwise cause or seek to cause any Mylan Covered Employees to leave the employ of Mylan or any of its affiliates, or, following the closing date, Newco or any of its affiliates, or enter into a consulting agreement with any Mylan Covered Employee. However, the placement of any general mass solicitation or advertising that is not targeted at the employees of Mylan or, following the closing date, Newco will not be considered a violation of such non-solicitation restriction and such restriction will not preclude Pfizer or its subsidiaries from soliciting, offering to hire, hiring, or entering into a consulting agreement with, any employee of Mylan or, following the closing date, Newco whose employment with Mylan or any of its affiliates, or, following the closing date, Newco or any of its affiliates has been terminated by Mylan or any of its affiliates, or, following the closing date, Newco or any of its affiliates. The foregoing restrictions will not restrict activities between Pfizer and its employees (including employees of the Upjohn Business) before the closing date.

Each of Mylan, and, following the closing date, Newco, agrees that, from and after July 29, 2019 until the date that is 12 months after the closing date, it will not, and will cause its subsidiaries not to, without the prior written consent of Pfizer, directly or indirectly, solicit or offer to hire or hire any employees at the level of senior director or higher of Pfizer (collectively, the “Pfizer Covered Employees”), or otherwise cause or seek to cause any Pfizer Covered Employees to leave the employ of Pfizer or any of its affiliates, or enter into a consulting agreement with any Pfizer Covered Employee. However, the placement of any general mass solicitation or advertising that is not targeted at Pfizer employees will not be considered a violation of such non-solicitation restriction and such restriction will not preclude Mylan (or following the closing date, Newco) or its subsidiaries from soliciting, offering to hire, hiring, or entering into a consulting agreement with, any employee of Pfizer whose employment with Pfizer or any of its affiliates has been terminated by Pfizer or any of its affiliates.

 

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Post-Combination Governance and Management

The Business Combination Agreement provides that as of the closing of the Combination the Newco Board will have 13 members, including (a) Mylan’s current Chairman (who will serve as executive chairman of the Newco Board) and the current Global President of the Upjohn Business (who will serve as Chief Executive Officer of Newco), (b) eight persons designated by Mylan, and (c) three persons designated by Pfizer (in consultation in good faith with Mylan).

Additional Agreements

Foundation Support Agreement

In connection with the Combination, Mylan and the Foundation have each unconditionally agreed pursuant to a binding agreement (the “Foundation Support Agreement”), as an inducement to Pfizer’s willingness to enter into the Business Combination Agreement, that (a) the Foundation may not exercise its right to subscribe for shares of Mylan preferred stock (the “Call Option”) pursuant to the call option agreement entered into by the Foundation and Mylan dated as of April 3, 2015 (the “Call Option Agreement”) in a way that would reasonably be expected to adversely affect the timely consummation of the Combination, unless and until the Business Combination Agreement has been terminated pursuant to its terms, (b) if the Foundation exercises the Call Option during the term of the Business Combination Agreement, which will only occur after reasonable consultation with Mylan, the Foundation may not exercise its voting rights as a Mylan shareholder in a manner that would reasonably be expected to adversely affect the timely consummation of the Combination, unless and until the Business Combination Agreement has been terminated pursuant to its terms, and (c) that the Call Option Agreement, including the Call Option, shall be terminated by Mylan and the Foundation subject only to and effective upon the consummation of the Combination.

Mylan may not amend or waive any provision of the Foundation Support Agreement without Pfizer’s prior written consent. Mylan must promptly inform, and consult in good faith with, Pfizer and Newco in relation to any consultation between the Foundation and Mylan referred to in the foregoing paragraph. If the Foundation breaches or threatens to breach the Foundation Support Agreement, Mylan shall enforce its rights to cause the Foundation to comply with its obligations under the Foundation Support Agreement.

Creditor Opposition; Transaction Litigation

Mylan has agreed that it will promptly notify Pfizer, Newco and Acquisition Sub upon receipt of notice of any actual, pending or threatened opposition rights proceeding initiated, pending to be initiated or threatened to be initiated by any Mylan creditor with respect to the Mylan Merger pursuant to Dutch law.

Certain Litigation Matters

Newco has agreed to pay Pfizer following the closing date an amount equal to 57% of any losses actually incurred or suffered by Mylan, Newco or their respective subsidiaries, after the date of the Business Combination Agreement, arising out of third-party actions relating to the manufacture, distribution, marketing, promotion or sale of opioids by or on behalf of Mylan or its subsidiaries.

Amendments to the Separation and Distribution Agreement

Before the Distribution, neither Pfizer nor Newco may amend or waive any provision of the Separation and Distribution Agreement without Mylan’s prior written consent.

Access to Information

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employees of Mylan and the Mylan subsidiaries, the Upjohn Business or the Upjohn Entities (as applicable), and shall furnish such party and its respective representatives with financial and operating data of Mylan and the Mylan subsidiaries, the Upjohn Business or the Upjohn Entities (as applicable) and other information concerning the affairs of Mylan and the Mylan subsidiaries, the Upjohn Business or the Upjohn Entities (as applicable), in each case, as such party and its representatives may reasonably request solely for the purposes of furthering the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or for integration purposes, subject to specified qualifications and exceptions.

Conditions to the Combination

The respective obligations of each party to conduct the closing of the transactions contemplated by the Business Combination Agreement are subject to the fulfillment (or, to the extent permitted by applicable law, waiver) of the following conditions on or before the closing date:

 

   

the expiration or termination of any applicable waiting period under the HSR Act, and the receipt of applicable consents, authorizations, orders, or approvals required under the antitrust or competition laws of the Required Jurisdictions (as described under the section entitled “The Transactions— Regulatory Approvals Related to the Combination”), all of which have been received and which condition has been satisfied;

 

   

the consummation of the Separation and the Distribution in accordance with the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement;

 

   

the effectiveness of the registration statement on Form S-4 filed by Newco to effect the registration of shares of Newco common stock that will be issued and distributed in the Mylan Newco Liquidation or Mylan Liquidation, as such registration may be amended or supplemented from time to time before the time at which the Distribution occurs, and the registration statement filed with the SEC of which this document forms a part, and the absence of any stop order issued by the SEC or any pending proceeding before the SEC seeking a stop order with respect thereto;

 

   

the approval of the listing of the Newco common stock to be issued in the Distribution and the Combination on the NYSE or the NASDAQ, subject to official notice of issuance;

 

   

the approval of the Combination Proposal (consisting of the Mylan Merger Resolution, the Share Sale Resolution, the Mylan Newco Liquidation Resolutions, the Alternative Transaction Resolutions and the Discharge Resolution), in accordance with applicable law (the “Mylan Shareholder Approval”) has been obtained; and

 

   

the absence of any law, governmental order or other action taken by a court of competent jurisdiction or other governmental authority prohibiting, enjoining, restraining or otherwise making illegal the Separation, the Distribution, the Combination or the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation Distribution).

Additional Conditions to the Obligations of Pfizer and Newco

Pfizer’s and Newco’s obligations to conduct the closing of the Combination are subject to the fulfillment (or waiver by Pfizer, to the extent permissible under applicable law) of the following additional conditions:

 

   

performance and compliance in all material respects by each Mylan Party of all obligations and covenants, respectively, required to be performed or complied with, as applicable, by it under the Business Combination Agreement at or before the closing date;

 

   

the accuracy of the representations and warranties of the Mylan Parties contained in the Business Combination Agreement at and as of the date of the Business Combination Agreement and as of the closing date (except for any such representations and warranties made as of a particular date or period), generally subject to a Material Adverse Effect standard or other materiality standard provided in the Business Combination Agreement;

 

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receipt by Pfizer of a certificate of Mylan, executed on its behalf by a senior officer, certifying to the effect that the conditions referred to in the immediately preceding two bullets have been satisfied;

 

   

receipt by Pfizer of the IRS Ruling and the Tax Opinion; and

 

   

consummation of the Cash Distribution in accordance with the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement.

Additional Conditions to the Obligations of the Mylan Parties

The Mylan Parties’ obligations to conduct the closing of the Combination are subject to the fulfillment (or waiver by Mylan, to the extent permissible under applicable law) of the following additional conditions:

 

   

performance and compliance in all material respects by Newco, Acquisition Sub and Pfizer of all obligations and covenants, respectively, required to be performed or complied with, as applicable, by it under the Business Combination Agreement at or before the closing date;

 

   

the accuracy of the representations and warranties of Pfizer contained in the Business Combination Agreement at and as of the date of the Business Combination Agreement and as of the closing date (except for any such representations and warranties made as of a particular date or period), generally subject to a material adverse effect standard or other materiality standard provided in the Business Combination Agreement; and

 

   

receipt by Mylan of a certificate of Pfizer, executed on its behalf by a senior officer, certifying to the effect that the conditions referred to in the immediately preceding two bullets have been satisfied.

Termination, Amendment and Waiver

Termination

The Business Combination Agreement may be terminated at any time before the closing date:

 

   

by mutual written agreement of Pfizer and Mylan;

 

   

by either Pfizer or Mylan, subject to specified qualifications and exceptions, if:

 

   

any final and non-appealable legal restraint is in effect which permanently prohibits, enjoins, restrains or otherwise makes illegal the consummation of the Separation, the Distribution, the Combination or the Mylan Newco Liquidation Distribution (or, if the Alternative Transaction Structure is adopted, the Mylan Liquidation Distribution);

 

   

the closing has not occurred on or before June 30, 2020, subject to (a) an automatic extension to September 30, 2020 if all of the conditions to closing, other than those pertaining to (i) the expiration of the waiting period under the HSR Act and other competition laws or (ii) any order or injunction prohibiting the Combination under antitrust laws (together, the “Antitrust Conditions”), have been satisfied or waived and (b) another automatic extension to December 30, 2020 if on September 30, 2020 one or both of the Antitrust Conditions have not been fulfilled but all other conditions to closing have been satisfied or waived (we refer to June 30, 2020, as so extended, as the “Outside Date”); or

 

   

if the Mylan Shareholder Approval has not been obtained at the Mylan Shareholders Meeting;

 

   

by Mylan, subject to specified qualifications and exceptions, in the event of a breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or agreement on the part of Pfizer or the Upjohn Entities, such that the closing conditions in the Business Combination Agreement regarding Pfizer’s or any Upjohn Entity’s, as applicable, representations, warranties, covenants or agreements would not be satisfied, and such breach (a) is not cured by Pfizer or Newco by the earlier of (x) 60 days after being notified by Mylan of such breach or (y) the Outside Date, or (b) is incapable of being cured before the Outside Date;

 

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By Pfizer, subject to specified qualifications and exceptions:

 

   

in the event of a breach of any representation, warranty, covenant or agreement on the part of the Mylan Parties, such that the closing conditions in the Business Combination Agreement regarding the Mylan Parties’ representations, warranties, covenants or agreements would not be satisfied, and such breach (a) is not cured by Mylan by the earlier of (i) 60 days after being notified by Pfizer of such breach or (ii) the Outside Date, or (b) is incapable of being cured before the Outside Date; or

 

   

before receipt of the Mylan Shareholder Approval, if the Mylan Board has effected a Mylan Change in Recommendation.

Termination Fee

In the Business Combination Agreement Mylan has agreed to pay to Pfizer, by way of compensation, $322 million (the “Termination Payment”), if the Business Combination Agreement is terminated:

 

   

by Pfizer, before the receipt of the Mylan Shareholder Approval, if the Mylan Board has effected a Mylan Change in Recommendation;

 

   

by Pfizer, as a result of a willful breach by Mylan of its obligations described under “—No Solicitation by Mylan; Competing Proposal ” and “—Mylan Board Recommendation; Superior Proposal” and within 12 months after the date of such termination, a Competing Proposal is consummated or Mylan enters into a definitive written agreement for a Competing Proposal (however, solely for purposes of this bullet point, all references to 15% in the definition of the term “Competing Proposal” are replaced with 50%); or

 

   

(a) by Mylan or Pfizer, if the Mylan Shareholder Approval has not been obtained upon a vote taken thereon at the Mylan Shareholders Meeting or (b) by Pfizer, as a result of a breach of Mylan of its obligation to hold the Mylan Shareholders Meeting to obtain the Mylan Shareholder Approval, and before such termination, a Competing Proposal has been publicly announced or otherwise becomes publicly known (or, in the case of a willful breach by Mylan of its obligation to hold the Mylan Shareholders Meeting to obtain the Mylan Shareholder Approval, a Competing Proposal has been communicated to the Mylan Board), and such Competing Proposal has not been publicly withdrawn at least seven days before the Mylan Shareholders Meeting, and within 12 months after the date of such termination, any Competing Proposal is consummated or Mylan enters into a definitive written agreement for any Competing Proposal (however, solely for purposes of this bullet point, all references to 15% in the definition of the term “Competing Proposal” are replaced with 50%).

Pfizer’s Expenses

If the Business Combination Agreement is terminated by either Pfizer or Mylan because the Mylan Shareholder Approval has not been obtained upon a vote taken thereon at the Mylan Shareholders Meeting, then Mylan shall pay to Pfizer (promptly following delivery by Pfizer to Mylan of a written statement setting forth and specifying the amount of Pfizer’s expenses), all reasonable out-of-pocket costs, fees and expenses incurred by Pfizer in connection with the Business Combination Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby up to $96 million, but excluding all such costs, fees and expenses incurred by Pfizer before May 2, 2019. Any payment by Mylan of Pfizer’s expenses will not affect Pfizer’s right to receive any termination payment otherwise due under the Business Combination Agreement, but shall reduce, on a dollar-for-dollar basis, the Termination Payment.

Amendment and Waiver

At any time before the closing of the Combination, the parties may amend, extend or waive any provision of the Business Combination Agreement by written consent of each party.

 

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Governing Law and Jurisdiction

The Business Combination Agreement and all actions (whether in contract or tort) that may be based upon, arise out of or relate to the Business Combination Agreement or the negotiation, execution or performance thereof shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the law of the State of Delaware, without regard to any laws or principles thereof that would result in the application of the laws of any other jurisdiction (except that the laws of the Netherlands shall govern (a) the duties of the members of the Mylan Board and (b) the Combination, to the extent mandatorily applicable thereto). Each party to the Business Combination Agreement has irrevocably and unconditionally submitted to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or, if such court does not have jurisdiction, the United States District Court for the District of Delaware (or, if such court does not have jurisdiction, any state court in the State of Delaware), and any appellate court from any appeal thereof, in any action arising out of or relating to the Business Combination Agreement or the Transaction Documents or the transactions contemplated thereby.

 

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SEPARATION AND DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT

The following is a summary of the material provisions of the Separation and Distribution Agreement. The summary is qualified in its entirety by the Separation and Distribution Agreement, which is included as an exhibit to the registration statements of which this document forms a part and is incorporated herein by reference. See the section entitled “Where You Can Find Additional Information.”

We urge you to read the Separation and Distribution Agreement carefully and in its entirety, as it is the legal document governing the Separation and Distribution. This summary of the Separation and Distribution Agreement has been included to provide information regarding its terms. The rights and obligations of the parties are governed by the express terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement and not by this summary or any other information included in this document. This summary is not intended to provide any other factual information about Pfizer or Newco. Information about Pfizer and Newco can be found elsewhere in this document and in the documents incorporated by reference into this document.

Descriptions regarding the assets and liabilities conveyed to Newco and retained by Pfizer contained in the Separation and Distribution Agreement are qualified by certain information that has been exchanged separately between Pfizer and Newco and that is not reflected in the Separation and Distribution Agreement. Accordingly, you should not rely on the general descriptions of assets and liabilities in the Separation and Distribution Agreement, as they may have been modified in important ways by the information exchanged separately between Pfizer and Mylan.

Overview

The Separation and Distribution Agreement sets forth the terms and conditions regarding the separation of the Upjohn Business from Pfizer (the “Separation”). The Separation and Distribution Agreement identifies and provides for the transfer of certain assets by Pfizer to Newco and the assumption of certain liabilities by Newco from Pfizer. The Separation and Distribution Agreement also sets forth, among other things, the agreement between Pfizer and Newco regarding the principal transactions necessary to separate the Upjohn Business from Pfizer. It also sets forth other agreements that govern certain aspects of Newco’s relationship with Pfizer after the completion of the Distribution.

Under the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the Upjohn Business will be separated from Pfizer through the following series of transactions (subject to the terms and conditions of the Separation and Distribution Agreement):

 

   

Pfizer will transfer the Upjohn Business to Newco;

 

   

in connection with the Separation and as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco, Newco will make the Cash Distribution to Pfizer;

 

   

in addition, as partial consideration for the contribution of the Upjohn Business to Newco, Newco will issue to Pfizer additional shares of Newco common stock such that the number of shares of Newco common stock then outstanding and held by members of the Pfizer Group will be equal to (a) the number of fully diluted Mylan ordinary shares (calculated as described in the Business Combination Agreement) multiplied by the quotient of 57% divided by 43% minus (b) the number of shares of Newco common stock underlying certain awards under Newco’s stock plan that will be granted to employees of the Upjohn Business who held certain outstanding and unvested Pfizer equity awards immediately before the time at which the Distribution occurs; and

 

   

Pfizer will distribute to its stockholders all of the issued and outstanding shares of Newco common stock held by Pfizer by way of a pro rata dividend or an exchange offer to acquire Pfizer common stock in exchange for Newco common stock, or both (the “Distribution”).

 

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As used in this summary:

 

   

“Pfizer Group” means Pfizer, each subsidiary of Pfizer and each other person that either (x) is controlled directly or indirectly by Pfizer immediately after the time at which the Distribution occurs, or (y) becomes controlled by Pfizer following the time at which the Distribution occurs; provided, however, that neither Newco nor any other member of the Newco Group shall be members of the Pfizer Group; and

 

   

“Newco Group” means Newco, each subsidiary of Newco and each other person that either (x) is controlled directly or indirectly by Newco immediately after the time at which the Distribution occurs, or (y) becomes controlled by Newco following the time at which the Distribution occurs.

Transfer of Assets and Assumption of Liabilities

The Separation and Distribution Agreement identifies the assets to be transferred, the liabilities to be assumed and the contracts to be assigned to each of Pfizer and Newco as part of the Separation, and it provides for when and how these transfers, assumptions and assignments will occur. In particular, the Separation and Distribution Agreement provides, among other things, that, subject to the terms and conditions contained therein:

 

   

certain assets used exclusively or exclusively held for use in the Upjohn Business, referred to as the “Upjohn Assets,” will be transferred to Newco, including:

 

   

all capital stock and other equity interests of certain entities related to the Upjohn Business;

 

   

all rights, interests and claims to products of the Upjohn Business, including clinical study data, reports and analyses, product and marketing registrations and applications to the extent related to products of the Upjohn Business identified in the Separation and Distribution Agreement;

 

   

cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities and other short-term investments held by Newco or any member of its group;

 

   

all rights and assets expressly allocated to Newco pursuant to the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements;

 

   

the intellectual property exclusively used or exclusively held for use by the Upjohn Business, including certain patents and trademarks set forth in the Separation and Distribution Agreement, and the right to all past and future damages and claims for the infringement or misappropriation of any of the foregoing;

 

   

certain contracts that relate exclusively to the Upjohn Business, including employment agreements with any employee or consultant of the Upjohn Business, and intellectual property contracts exclusively used, and exclusively held for use, in the Upjohn Business;

 

   

certain real property related to the Upjohn Business owned or leased as of immediately before the time at which the Distribution occurs and all equipment and personal property located therein as of the time at which the Distribution occurs;

 

   

all permits or licenses issued by any governmental authority primarily used in, or primarily held for use in, the Upjohn Business;

 

   

subject to applicable law and the provisions of the applicable Ancillary Agreements entered into in connection with the Separation, all rights, interests and claims with respect to information that is exclusively related to the Upjohn Assets, the Upjohn Liabilities and the Upjohn Business;

 

   

all intercompany receivables owed to a member of the Newco Group, by a member of the Pfizer Group, that: (a) are in respect of goods or services sold by a member of the Newco Group to a member of the Pfizer Group; and (b) are effective or outstanding as of the time at which the Distribution occurs;

 

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all rights, interests or claims of Pfizer, Newco or any other member of their respective Groups arising under contracts between Pfizer or any of its subsidiaries and one or more third parties that has benefits for or imposes obligations on the Upjohn Business, but does not exclusively relate to the Upjohn Business, to the extent relating to the Upjohn Business; and

 

   

all other assets of members of either the Pfizer Group or the Newco Group that are primarily used, or primarily held for use in, the Upjohn Business, except as expressly otherwise contemplated in the Separation and Distribution Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements;

 

   

Newco will accept, assume, agree to pay, perform, satisfy, discharge or otherwise defend on a timely basis certain liabilities related to the Upjohn Business, which we refer to as the “Upjohn Liabilities,” including:

 

   

all liabilities (other than environmental liabilities) relating to, arising out of or resulting from the actions, inactions, events, omissions, conditions, facts or circumstances occurring or existing before the time at which the Distribution occurs, in each case to the extent that such liabilities relate to, arise out of or result from the Upjohn Business;

 

   

all liabilities (other than environmental liabilities and certain product liabilities) to the extent relating to, arising out of or resulting from the Upjohn Assets;

 

   

all liabilities that are expressly contemplated by the Separation and Distribution Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements to be transferred to or assumed by Newco;

 

   

all environmental liabilities to the extent relating to, arising out of or resulting from any (a) release of hazardous material at, on, under or from any of Newco’s real properties, or at any other real property in connection with the operation of the Upjohn Business or the Upjohn Assets, (b) noncompliance with environmental law in connection with the operation of the Upjohn Business or the Upjohn Assets, (c) the offsite transportation, storage, disposal, treatment or recycling of hazardous material generated and taken offsite in connection with the operation of the Upjohn Business or the Upjohn Assets or (d) exposure by any person to any hazardous materials released into the indoor or outdoor environment in connection with the operation of the Upjohn Business or the Upjohn Assets, other than certain environmental liabilities (including liabilities at former Upjohn Business sites) specifically excluded in the Separation and Distribution Agreement;

 

   

all liabilities of either Pfizer or Newco or any of the members of their Groups relating to, arising out of or resulting from Newco’s financing arrangements or Newco’s indebtedness, other than certain liabilities specifically excluded in the Separation and Distribution Agreement;

 

   

all intercompany payables owed by a member of the Newco Group to a member of the Pfizer Group, that: (a) are in respect of goods or services sold by a member of the Pfizer Group to a member of the Newco Group; and (b) are effective or outstanding as of the time at which the Distribution occurs, which intercompany payables shall be paid by Newco or the applicable member of the Newco Group;

 

   

all liabilities (other than environmental liabilities and certain product liabilities) arising out of claims made by any third party against Pfizer or Newco to the extent relating to, arising out of or resulting from the Upjohn Business or the Upjohn Assets or the other liabilities referred to above; and

 

   

all liabilities with respect to workers’ compensation claims of employees and former employees of the Upjohn Business, without regard to whether the applicable workers’ compensation event occurs before, on or after the date on which Pfizer no longer holds shares of Newco common stock as a consequence of the Distribution; and

 

   

all of the assets and liabilities (including whether accrued, contingent or otherwise) other than the Upjohn Assets and the Upjohn Liabilities (such assets and liabilities, other than the Upjohn Assets and

 

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the Upjohn Liabilities, we refer to as the “Pfizer Assets” and the “Pfizer Liabilities,” respectively) will be retained by or transferred to Pfizer.

Certain Adjustments

The Separation and Distribution Agreement provides for a working capital adjustment and a cash balance adjustment, and sets forth the procedure to determine these adjustments through the delivery of a closing statement by Pfizer to Newco promptly following the time at which the Distribution occurs and the procedure for any disputes with respect to these adjustments.

If the working capital of Newco, as of immediately before the time at which the Distribution occurs (the “Closing Working Capital”), is greater than 110% of $810,000,000 (the “Closing Working Capital Target”), Newco shall pay Pfizer an amount equal to the difference between (a) the Closing Working Cap